73 relations: Anaerobic digestion, Aquifer, Austria, Belgium, Biodegradable waste, Bioreactor landfill, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Compactor, Compost, Daily cover, Denmark, Earthquake, Fly ash, Gas flare, Germany, Greenhouse gas, Groundwater, Hazardous waste, Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance, Illegal dumping, Incineration, Industrial waste, Infection, Infrastructure, Land reclamation, Landfarming, Landfill Allowance Trading Scheme, Landfill Directive, Landfill diversion, Landfill gas, Landfill gas utilization, Landfill tax, Leachate, List of solid waste treatment technologies, Marine debris, Mechanical biological treatment, Methane, Midden, Milorganite, Municipal solid waste, National Waste & Recycling Association, Natural environment, Netherlands, NIMBY, Noise pollution, Plasma gasification, Pollution, Polychlorinated biphenyl, Pyrolysis, ..., Recycling, Recycling rates by country, Resource recovery, Sludge, Soil contamination, Soil liquefaction, Solid Waste Association of North America, Sweden, Switzerland, Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976, Truck scale, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Vector (epidemiology), Wales, Waste, Waste compaction, Waste Implementation Programme, Waste management, Waste minimisation, Waste picker, Waste-to-energy, Wheel washing system, Wildlife. Expand index (23 more) » « Shrink index
Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes by which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen.
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Biodegradable waste includes any organic matter in waste which can be broken down into carbon dioxide, water, methane or simple organic molecules by micro-organisms and other living things using composting, aerobic digestion, anaerobic digestion or similar processes.
Landfills are the primary method of waste disposal in many parts of the world, including United States and Canada.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
A compactor is a machine or mechanism used to reduce the size of material such as waste material or bio mass through compaction.
Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting.
Daily cover is the name given to the layer of compressed soil or earth which is laid on top of a day's deposition of waste on an operational landfill site.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
Fly ash, also known as "pulverised fuel ash" in the United Kingdom, is a coal combustion product that is composed of the particulates (fine particles of burned fuel) that are driven out of coal-fired boilers together with the flue gases.
A gas flare, alternatively known as a flare stack, is a gas combustion device used in industrial plants such as petroleum refineries, chemical plants, natural gas processing plants as well as at oil or gas production sites having oil wells, gas wells, offshore oil and gas rigs and landfills.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.
Hazardous waste is waste that has substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment.
The Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model is a quasi-two-dimensional hydrologic numerical model for conducting water balance analysis of landfills, cover systems, and other solid waste containment facilities; it was developed for the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Illegal dumping, also called fly dumping or fly tipping, is the dumping of waste illegally instead of using an authorised method such as kerbside collection or using an authorised rubbish dump.
Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.
Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, industries, mills, and mining operations.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.
Landfarming is an ex-situ waste treatment process that is performed in the upper soil zone or in biotreatment cells.
The Landfill Allowance Trading Scheme, LATS, is an initiative by the UK government, through DEFRA to help reduce the amount of biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) sent to landfill.
The Landfill Directive, more formally Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 is a European Union directive that regulates waste management of landfills in the European Union.
Waste diversion or landfill diversion is the process of diverting waste from landfills.
Landfill gas is a complex mix of different gases created by the action of microorganisms within a landfill.
Landfill gas utilization is a process of gathering, processing, and treating the methane gas emitted from decomposing garbage to produce electricity, heat, fuels, and various chemical compounds.
A landfill tax or levy is a form of tax that is applied in some countries to increase the cost of landfill.
A leachate is any liquid that, in the course of passing through matter, extracts soluble or suspended solids, or any other component of the material through which it has passed.
The following page contains a list of different forms of solid waste treatment technologies and facilities employed in waste management infrastructure.
Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human-created waste that has deliberately or accidentally been released in a lake, sea, ocean or waterway.
A mechanical biological treatment system is a type of waste processing facility that combines a sorting facility with a form of biological treatment such as composting or anaerobic digestion.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
Milorganite is a brand of biosolids fertilizer produced by treating sewage sludge by the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District.
Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage in the United States and rubbish in Britain, is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are discarded by the public.
The National Waste & Recycling Association (NWRA) is a Washington, D.C.-based trade association that represents private waste and recycling companies, as well as manufacturers and distributors of equipment that processes the material, and service providers who serve those businesses.
The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
NIMBY (an acronym for the phrase "Not In My Back Yard"), or Nimby, is a pejorative characterization of opposition by residents to a proposed development in their local area.
Sound pollution, also known as environmental noise or noise pollution, is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life.
Plasma gasification is an extreme thermal process using plasma which converts organic matter into a syngas (synthesis gas) which is primarily made up of hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
A polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) is an organic chlorine compound with the formula C12H10−xClx.
Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.
The following table gives the percentages of material that is recycled, incinerated, incinerated to produce energy and landfilled.
Resource recovery is using wastes as an input material to create valuable products as new outputs.
Sludge is a semi-solid slurry and can be produced as sewage sludge from wastewater treatment processes or as a settled suspension obtained from conventional drinking water treatment and numerous other industrial processes.
Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotic (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment.
Soil liquefaction describes a phenomenon whereby a saturated or partially saturated soil substantially loses strength and stiffness in response to an applied stress, usually earthquake shaking or other sudden change in stress condition, causing it to behave like a liquid.
The Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) is an organization of public and private sector professionals committed to advancing issues ranging from solid waste management to resource management through their shared emphasis on education, advocacy and research.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is a United States law, passed by the United States Congress in 1976 and administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, that regulates the introduction of new or already existing chemicals.
A Truck scale (US), weighbridge (non-US) or railroad scale is a large set of scales, usually mounted permanently on a concrete foundation, that is used to weigh entire rail or road vehicles and their contents.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
In epidemiology, a disease vector is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes, but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials.
Waste compaction is the process of compacting waste, reducing it in size.
The Waste Implementation Programme (WIP) is the UK Government's response to the package of strategic measures recommended by the Strategy Unit "Waste Not, Want Not" report published in 2002.
Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.
Waste minimisation is a set of processes and practices intended to reduce the amount of waste produced.
A waste picker is a person who salvages reusable or recyclable materials thrown away by others to sell or for personal consumption.
Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel source.
A wheel washing system is a device for cleaning the tires of trucks when they are leaving a site, to control and eliminate the pollution of public roads.
Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.
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