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Landing gear

Index Landing gear

Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing. [1]

174 relations: Aero Commander 500 family, Airbus A340, Airbus A380, Aircraft, Aircraft carrier, Aircraft fairing, Aircraft maintenance, Airframe, Allies of World War II, Angle of attack, Antonov An-124 Ruslan, Antonov An-225 Mriya, Apollo Lunar Module, Arado Ar 232, Arado Ar 234, Armadillo Aerospace, Austrian Airlines, Avro Anson, Axle track, Belly landing, BFR (rocket), Blériot VIII, Boeing 727, Boeing 737 Next Generation, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Boeing B-47 Stratojet, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Boeing X-37, Bogie, Bombardier Aerospace, Bombardier Dash 8, Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Cargo aircraft, Center of mass, Cessna 165, Cessna O-2 Skymaster, Cessna Skymaster, Chine (boating), Cirrus SR22, Comet, Concorde, Conventional landing gear, Crosswind landing, Curiosity (rover), Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Daily Mirror, ..., Dayton-Wright Racer, Deep Space Industries, Delta wing, Douglas DC-3, Emergence, Etrich Taube, Euler angles, Europa XS, Expendable launch system, Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, Falcon 9 first-stage landing tests, Falcon 9 Full Thrust, Falcon Heavy, Fiberglass, Fighter aircraft, Flight Safety Foundation, Floatplane, Flying boat, Fuselage, Glider (sailplane), Grasshopper (rocket), Gravity, Ground carriage, Ground loop (aviation), Grumman F6F Hellcat, Harrier Jump Jet, Hawker Siddeley HS 748, Heinkel He 219, Helicopter, Heliocentric orbit, Helium, Horizon Air, Jet aircraft, JetBlue Flight 292, Junkers Ju 88, Lander (spacecraft), Landing, Landing gear extender, Launch vehicle, List of wheel-well stowaway flights, Lists of space programs, Lockheed U-2, Lookout Mountain Air Force Station, LOT Polish Airlines Flight 16, Mars, Mars landing, Martin XB-51, Masten Space Systems, Maximum takeoff weight, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, McDonnell F2H Banshee, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet, Messerschmitt Me 210, Messerschmitt Me 321, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Mooney M20, Multistage rocket, Myasishchev M-4, Nacelle, NewSpace, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, Nitrogen, North American FJ-1 Fury, Oleo strut, Orbital spaceflight, Orbital speed, Outer space, Philae (spacecraft), Pontoon (boat), Private spaceflight, Propeller strike, Pyrotechnics, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Robotic spacecraft, Rotation (aeronautics), Rudder, Runway, SAN Jodel D.140 Mousquetaire, Scandinavian Airlines, Schiffer Publishing, Seaplane, Shock absorber, Ski, Slipstream, Space probe, Space Shuttle, Spacecraft, Spaceflight, Spaceplane, SpaceX, SpaceX CRS-3, SpaceX reusable launch system development program, Sponson, State (polity), Sub-orbital spaceflight, Sud Aviation Vautour, Tail-sitter, Tailstrike, Takeoff, Takeoff and landing, Tandem, Tiller, Time between overhauls, Tricycle landing gear, Trijet, Tundra tire, Ukraine, Undercarriage arrangements, United States Air Force, United States Navy, Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer, Vought F4U Corsair, VTOL, VTVL, Warsaw Chopin Airport, Working fluid, World War I, World War II, Yakovlev Yak-25, Yakovlev Yak-28, Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI, 2007 Bombardier Dash 8 landing gear incidents, 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko. Expand index (124 more) »

Aero Commander 500 family

The Aero Commander 500 family is a series of light-twin piston-engined and turboprop aircraft originally built by the Aero Design and Engineering Company in the late 1940s, renamed the Aero Commander company in 1950, and a division of Rockwell International from 1965.

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Airbus A340

The Airbus A340 is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner that was developed and produced by the European aerospace company Airbus.

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Airbus A380

The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.

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An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

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Aircraft carrier

An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.

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Aircraft fairing

An aircraft fairing is a structure whose primary function is to produce a smooth outline and reduce drag.

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Aircraft maintenance

Aircraft maintenance is the overhaul, repair, inspection or modification of an aircraft or aircraft component.

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The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Angle of attack

In fluid dynamics, angle of attack (AOA, or \alpha (Greek letter alpha)) is the angle between a reference line on a body (often the chord line of an airfoil) and the vector representing the relative motion between the body and the fluid through which it is moving.

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Antonov An-124 Ruslan

The Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Антонов Ан-124 "Руслан") (NATO reporting name: Condor) is a strategic airlift jet aircraft.

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Antonov An-225 Mriya

The Antonov An-225 Mriya (Антонов Ан-225, lit, NATO reporting name: "Cossack") is a strategic airlift cargo aircraft that was designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union during the 1980s.

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Apollo Lunar Module

The Lunar Module (LM, pronounced "Lem"), originally designated the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM), was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program by Grumman Aircraft to carry a crew of two from lunar orbit to the surface and back.

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Arado Ar 232

The Arado Ar 232 Tausendfüßler (German: "Millipede"), sometimes also called Tatzelwurm, was one of the first truly modern cargo aircraft, designed and built in small numbers by the German firm Arado Flugzeugwerke during World War II.

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Arado Ar 234

The Arado Ar 234 Blitz (English: lightning) was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.

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Armadillo Aerospace

Armadillo Aerospace was an aerospace startup company based in Mesquite, Texas.

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Austrian Airlines

Austrian Airlines AG, sometimes shortened to Austrian, is the former flag carrier of Austria and a subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group.

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Avro Anson

The Avro Anson is a British twin-engined, multi-role aircraft built by the aircraft manufacturer Avro.

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Axle track

The axle track in automobiles and other wheeled vehicles which have two or more wheels on an axle, is the distance between the centerline of two roadwheels on the same axle.

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Belly landing

A belly landing, pancake landing or gear-up landing occurs when an aircraft lands without its landing gear fully extended and uses its underside, or belly, as its primary landing device.

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BFR (rocket)

BFR is a privately funded next-generation reusable launch vehicle and spacecraft system developed by SpaceX.

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Blériot VIII

The Blériot VIII was a French pioneer era aeroplane built by Louis Blériot, significant for its adoption of both a configuration and a control system that were to set a standard for decades to come.

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Boeing 727

The Boeing 727 is a midsized, narrow-body three-engined jet aircraft built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from the early 1960s to 1984.

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Boeing 737 Next Generation

The Boeing 737 Next Generation, commonly abbreviated as 737NG, is the name given to the −600/-700/-800/-900 series of the Boeing 737 airliner.

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Boeing 747

The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".

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Boeing 767

The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, mid- to long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

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Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).

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Boeing B-29 Superfortress

The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.

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Boeing B-47 Stratojet

The Boeing B-47 Stratojet (company Model 450) is an American long range, six-engine, turbojet-powered strategic bomber designed to fly at high subsonic speed and at high altitude to avoid enemy interceptor aircraft.

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Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.

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Boeing X-37

The Boeing X-37, also known as the Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV), is a reusable uncrewed spacecraft.

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A bogie (in some senses called a truck in North American English) is a chassis or framework carrying wheelsets, attached to a vehicle, thus serving as a modular subassembly of wheels and axles.

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Bombardier Aerospace

Bombardier Aerospace (Bombardier Aéronautique) is a division of Bombardier Inc. It is headquartered in Dorval, Quebec, Canada.

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Bombardier Dash 8

The Bombardier Dash 8 or Q-Series, previously known as the de Havilland Canada Dash 8 or DHC-8, is a series of twin-engine, medium-range, turboprop airliners.

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Canada Aviation and Space Museum

The Canada Aviation and Space Museum (Musée de l'Aviation et de l'Espace du Canada) (formerly the Canada Aviation Museum and National Aeronautical Collection) is Canada's national aviation history museum.

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Carbon fiber reinforced polymer

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.

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Cargo aircraft

A cargo aircraft (also known as freight aircraft, freighter, airlifter or cargo jet) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is designed or converted for the carriage of cargo rather than passengers.

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Center of mass

In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.

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Cessna 165

The Cessna Model C-165 Airmaster is a single-engined aircraft manufactured by the Cessna Aircraft Company.

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Cessna O-2 Skymaster

The Cessna O-2 Skymaster (nicknamed "Oscar Deuce") is a military version of the Cessna 337 Super Skymaster, used for forward air control (FAC) and psychological operations (PSYOPS) by the US military between 1967 and 2010.

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Cessna Skymaster

The Cessna Skymaster is a United States twin-engine civil utility aircraft built in a push-pull configuration.

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Chine (boating)

A chine in boating refers to a sharp change in angle in the cross section of a hull.

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Cirrus SR22

The Cirrus SR22 is a single-engine four- or five-seat composite aircraft built from 2001 by Cirrus Aircraft of Duluth, Minnesota.

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A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.

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The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.

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Conventional landing gear

Conventional landing gear, or tailwheel-type landing gear, is an aircraft undercarriage consisting of two main wheels forward of the center of gravity and a small wheel or skid to support the tail.

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Crosswind landing

In aviation, a crosswind landing is a landing maneuver in which a significant component of the prevailing wind is perpendicular to the runway center line.

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Curiosity (rover)

Curiosity is a car-sized rover designed to explore Gale Crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission (MSL).

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Curtiss P-40 Warhawk

The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.

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Daily Mirror

The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.

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Dayton-Wright Racer

The Dayton-Wright RB-1 (Rinehart-Bauman model one), also known simply as the Dayton-Wright Racer was a racing aircraft developed in the United States to participate in the 1920 Gordon Bennett Cup air race.

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Deep Space Industries

Deep Space Industries, or DSI, is an American privately-held company operating in the space technology and space exploration sectors.

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Delta wing

The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.

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Douglas DC-3

The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing propeller-driven airliner with tailwheel-type landing gear.

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In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence occurs when "the whole is greater than the sum of the parts," meaning the whole has properties its parts do not have.

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Etrich Taube

The Etrich Taube, also known by the names of the various later manufacturers who build versions of the type, such as the Rumpler Taube, was a pre-World War I monoplane aircraft.

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Euler angles

The Euler angles are three angles introduced by Leonhard Euler to describe the orientation of a rigid body with respect to a fixed coordinate system.

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Europa XS

The Europa XS and Europa Classic are a family of British composite two-place low-wing monoplane kit aircraft.

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Expendable launch system

An expendable launch vehicle (ELV) is a launch system or launch vehicle stage that is used only once to carry a payload into space.

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Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II

The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF).

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Falcon 9 first-stage landing tests

The Falcon 9 first-stage landing tests were a series of controlled-descent flight tests conducted by SpaceX between 2013 and 2016.

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Falcon 9 Full Thrust

Falcon 9 Full Thrust (also known as Falcon 9 v1.2, with Block 3, Block 4 and Block 5 variants) is a partially reusable medium-lift launch vehicle, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.

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Falcon Heavy

Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable heavy-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX.

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Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.

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Fighter aircraft

A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.

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Flight Safety Foundation

The Flight Safety Foundation is an independent, nonprofit, international organization concerning research, education, advocacy and publishing in the field of aviation safety.

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A floatplane (float plane or pontoon plane) is a type of seaplane, with one or more slender pontoons (known as "floats") mounted under the fuselage to provide buoyancy.

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Flying boat

A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.

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The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.

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Glider (sailplane)

A glider or sailplane is a type of glider aircraft used in the leisure activity and sport of gliding.

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Grasshopper (rocket)

Grasshopper and the Falcon 9 Reusable Development Vehicles (F9R Dev, initially designated Grasshopper v1.1) were experimental technology-demonstrator reusable rockets that performed vertical takeoffs and landings.

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Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.

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Ground carriage

An aircraft ground carriage (also "ground power assisted takeoff and landing concept") is a landing gear system connected to the ground, on which aircraft can take off and land without their aircraft-installed landing gear.

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Ground loop (aviation)

In aviation, a ground loop is a rapid rotation of a fixed-wing aircraft in the horizontal plane (yawing) while on the ground.

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Grumman F6F Hellcat

The Grumman F6F Hellcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft of World War II.

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Harrier Jump Jet

The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL).

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Hawker Siddeley HS 748

The Hawker Siddeley HS 748 is a medium-sized turboprop airliner originally designed by the British firm Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the aging DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners.

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Heinkel He 219

The Heinkel He 219 Uhu ("Eagle-Owl") was a night fighter that served with the German Luftwaffe in the later stages of World War II.

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A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.

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Heliocentric orbit

A heliocentric orbit (also called circumsolar orbit) is an orbit around the barycenter of the Solar System, which is usually located within or very near the surface of the Sun.

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Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

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Horizon Air

Horizon Air Industries, Inc., operating as Horizon Air, is a regional airline based in SeaTac, Washington, United States.

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Jet aircraft

A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).

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JetBlue Flight 292

JetBlue Flight 292 was a scheduled flight from Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, California to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.

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Junkers Ju 88

The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.

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Lander (spacecraft)

A lander is a spacecraft which descends toward and comes to rest on the surface of an astronomical body.

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Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal, aircraft, or spacecraft returns to the ground.

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Landing gear extender

Landing gear extenders are devices used on conventional or tailwheel-equipped aircraft.

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Launch vehicle

A launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface through outer space, either to another surface point (suborbital), or into space (Earth orbit or beyond).

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List of wheel-well stowaway flights

This page lists known flights with stowaways, who for various reasons traveled inside the wheel well (landing gear compartment, also known as wheel bay) of an aircraft.

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Lists of space programs

Lists of space programs include.

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Lockheed U-2

The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

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Lookout Mountain Air Force Station

Lookout Mountain Air Force Station (LMAFS) is a former defense site which today is a private residence in the Laurel Canyon neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.

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LOT Polish Airlines Flight 16

LOT Polish Airlines Flight 16 was a passenger flight which made an emergency landing at Warsaw Chopin Airport, Poland, on 1 November 2011 after its landing gear failed to extend.

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Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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Mars landing

A Mars landing is a landing of a spacecraft on the surface of Mars.

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Martin XB-51

The Martin XB-51 was an American trijet ground-attack aircraft.

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Masten Space Systems

Masten Space Systems is an aerospace manufacturer startup company in Mojave, California (formerly Santa Clara, California) that is developing a line of vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) rockets, initially for unmanned research sub-orbital spaceflights and eventually intended to support unmanned orbital spaceflight launches.

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Maximum takeoff weight

The maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) or maximum gross takeoff weight (MGTOW) or maximum takeoff mass (MTOM) of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits.

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McDonnell Douglas DC-10

The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas.

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McDonnell Douglas MD-11

The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium- to long-range wide-body jet airliner, manufactured by McDonnell Douglas and, later, by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

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McDonnell F2H Banshee

The McDonnell F2H Banshee was a single-seat carrier-based jet fighter aircraft deployed by the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps from 1948 to 1961.

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Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet

The Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet was a German rocket-powered interceptor aircraft.

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Messerschmitt Me 210

The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II.

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Messerschmitt Me 321

The Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant was a large German cargo glider developed and used during World War II.

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Mitsubishi A6M Zero

The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.

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Mooney M20

The Mooney M20 is a family of piston-powered, propeller-driven, general aviation aircraft, all featuring low wings and tricycle gear, manufactured by the Mooney International Corporation.

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Multistage rocket

A multistage rocket, or step rocket is a launch vehicle that uses two or more rocket stages, each of which contains its own engines and propellant.

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Myasishchev M-4

The Myasishchev M-4 Molot (Молот (Hammer), USAF/DoD reporting name "Type 37", NATO reporting name Bison) is a four-engined strategic bomber designed by Myasishchev and manufactured by the Soviet Union in the 1950s to provide a Long Range Aviation bomber capable of attacking targets in North America.

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A nacelle is a housing, separate from the fuselage, that holds engines, fuel, or equipment on an aircraft.

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NewSpace—formerly alt.space; also new space, entrepreneurial space, astropreneurship, and commercial space—are umbrella terms for a movement and philosophy encompassing a globally emerging, private spaceflight industry.

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Nigeria Airways Flight 2120

Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 was a chartered passenger flight from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to Sokoto, Nigeria on 11 July 1991 which crashed shortly after takeoff from, killing all 247 passengers and 14 crew members on board.

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Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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North American FJ-1 Fury

The North American FJ-1 Fury is the first operational jet aircraft in United States Navy service, and was developed by North American Aviation as the NA-135.

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Oleo strut

An oleo strut is a pneumatic air–oil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones.

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Orbital spaceflight

An orbital spaceflight (or orbital flight) is a spaceflight in which a spacecraft is placed on a trajectory where it could remain in space for at least one orbit.

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Orbital speed

In gravitationally bound systems, the orbital speed of an astronomical body or object (e.g. planet, moon, artificial satellite, spacecraft, or star) is the speed at which it orbits around either the barycenter or, if the object is much less massive than the largest body in the system, its speed relative to that largest body.

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Outer space

Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.

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Philae (spacecraft)

Philae is a robotic European Space Agency lander that accompanied the ''Rosetta'' spacecraft until it separated to land on comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko, ten years and eight months after departing Earth.

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Pontoon (boat)

A pontoon boat is a flattish boat that relies on pontoons to float.

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Private spaceflight

Private spaceflight is flight beyond the Kármán line (above the nominal edge of space at Earth altitude)—or the development of new spaceflight technology—that is conducted and paid for by an entity other than a government agency.

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Propeller strike

In aviation, a propeller strike, or prop strike, also called a sudden stoppage, is an accident in which an aircraft's propeller contacts any object and is forcibly stopped or slowed.

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Pyrotechnics is the science of using materials capable of undergoing self-contained and self-sustained exothermic chemical reactions for the production of heat, light, gas, smoke and/or sound.

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Republic P-47 Thunderbolt

The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II era fighter aircraft produced by the United States from 1941 through 1945.

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Robotic spacecraft

A robotic spacecraft is an uncrewed spacecraft, usually under telerobotic control.

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Rotation (aeronautics)

In aviation, rotation refers to the action of applying back pressure to a control device, such as a yoke, side-stick or centre stick, to lift the nose wheel off the ground during the takeoff roll.

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A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water).

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According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft".

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SAN Jodel D.140 Mousquetaire

The SAN Jodel D.140 Mousquetaire (en:Musketeer) is a French five-seat light touring monoplane based on the earlier Jodel D.117 and built by Société Aeronautique Normande (SAN) at Bernay.

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Scandinavian Airlines

Scandinavian Airlines, usually known as SAS, is the flag carrier of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, which together form mainland Scandinavia.

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Schiffer Publishing

Schiffer Publishing Ltd. (also known as Schiffer Military History) is a family-owned publisher of nonfiction books.

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A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.

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Shock absorber

A shock absorber (in reality, a shock "damper") is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.

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A ski is a narrow strip of semi-rigid material worn underfoot to glide over snow.

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A slipstream is a region behind a moving object in which a wake of fluid (typically air or water) is moving at velocities comparable to the moving object, relative to the ambient fluid through which the object is moving.

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Space probe

A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.

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Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.

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A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.

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Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.

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A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.

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Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.

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SpaceX CRS-3

SpaceX CRS-3, also known as SpX-3, was a Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station, contracted to NASA, which was launched on 18 April 2014.

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SpaceX reusable launch system development program

The SpaceX reusable launch system development program is a privately funded program to develop a set of new technologies for an orbital launch system that may be reused many times in a manner similar to the reusability of aircraft.

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Sponsons are projections extending from the sides of land vehicles, aircraft or watercraft, to provide protection, stability, storage locations, mounting points, or equipment housing.

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State (polity)

A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.

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Sub-orbital spaceflight

A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.

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Sud Aviation Vautour

The Sud-Ouest Aviation (SNCASO) S.O. 4050 Vautour II (French for vulture) was a French jet-powered bomber, interceptor, and attack aircraft developed and manufactured by aircraft company Sud Aviation.

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A tail-sitter or tailsitter is a type of VTOL aircraft that takes off and lands on its tail, then tilts horizontally for forward flight.

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In aviation, a tailstrike is an event in which the empennage of an aircraft strikes the runway.

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Takeoff is the phase of flight in which an aerospace vehicle or an animal goes from the ground to flying in the air.

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Takeoff and landing

Aircraft can have different ways to take off and land.

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Tandem, or in tandem, is an arrangement in which a team of machines, animals or people are lined up one behind another, all facing in the same direction.

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A tiller or till is a lever used to steer a vehicle.

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Time between overhauls

Time between overhauls (abbreviated as TBO or TBOH) is the manufacturer's recommended number of running hours or calendar time before an aircraft engine or other component requires overhaul.

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Tricycle landing gear

Tricycle gear is a type of aircraft undercarriage, or landing gear, arranged in a tricycle fashion.

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A trijet is a jet aircraft powered by three jet engines.

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Tundra tire

A tundra tire (UK: tundra tyre) is a large low-pressure tire used on light aircraft to allow operations on rough terrain.

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Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Undercarriage arrangements

Below are featured the wheeled undercarriage (also called landing gear) arrangements of some modern commercial jet airliners and large military aircraft.

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United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer

The Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer was a cantilever wing monoplane with a streamlined fuselage and the second aircraft with fully retractable landing gear, the first being the Dayton-Wright Racer.

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Vought F4U Corsair

The Vought F4U Corsair is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II and the Korean War.

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A vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft is one that can hover, take off, and land vertically.

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Vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) is a form of takeoff and landing for rockets.

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Warsaw Chopin Airport

Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport (Lotnisko Chopina w Warszawie), more commonly referred to as Chopin Airport or Warsaw-Chopin Airport, is an international airport located in the Włochy district of Warsaw, Poland.

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Working fluid

A working fluid is a pressurized gas or liquid that actuates a machine.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yakovlev Yak-25

The Yakovlev Yak-25 (NATO designation Flashlight-A/Mandrake) was a swept wing, turbojet-powered interceptor aircraft and reconnaissance aircraft built by Yakovlev and used by the Soviet Union.

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Yakovlev Yak-28

The Yakovlev Yak-28 (Яковлев Як-28) is a swept wing, turbojet-powered combat aircraft used by the Soviet Union.

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Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI

The Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI was a four-engined German biplane strategic bomber of World War I, and the only Riesenflugzeug ("giant aircraft") design built in any quantity.

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2007 Bombardier Dash 8 landing gear incidents

In September 2007, two separate accidents due to similar landing gear failures occurred within four days of each other on Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 aircraft operated by Scandinavian Airlines (SAS).

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67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko (abbreviated as 67P or 67P/C-G) is a Jupiter-family comet, originally from the Kuiper belt, with a current orbital period of 6.45 years, a rotation period of approximately 12.4 hours and a maximum velocity of.

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Differential braking, Fixed suspension, Gravity drop, Landing gear (spacecraft), Landing gear (spaceflight), Launch vehicle landing gear, Monowheel gear, Monowheel landing gear, Nose gear, Nosewheel steering, Retractable gear, Retractable landing gear, Retractable undercarriage, Skid landing gear, Spacecraft lander landing gear, Tandem landing gear, Undercarriage (aeronautics).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_gear

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