244 relations: Abruzzo, Acquaformosa, Acquaviva Collecroce, Acquedolci, Aidone, Albanian language, Alemannic German, Algherese dialect, Alghero, Aosta Valley, Apennine Mountains, Apulia, Arabic, Arbëresh language, Attic Greek, Austrian German, Bari dialect, Barile, Basilicata, Bavarian language, Bersntol, Brda dialect, Brigasc dialect, Calabria, Calabrian Greek, Calasetta, Campania, Campidanese dialect, Campomarino, Carloforte, Casalvecchio di Puglia, Catalan language, Celle di San Vito, Central Italian, Chakavian, Chieuti, Chinese language, Chipilo Venetian dialect, Cimbrian language, Civita, Calabria, Corsica, Corsican language, Croatia, Croatian language, Dialect, Dialect continuum, Dolomites, Eastern Lombard dialect, Emilia (region of Italy), Emilia-Romagna, ..., Emilian dialect, Emilian-Romagnol language, English language, Ethnologue, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Faetar dialect, Faeto, Fassa Valley, Fierozzo, Fiuman dialect, Florentine dialect, Fondachelli-Fantina, Forlivese dialect, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Franco-Provençal language, Frascineto, Frassilongo, French language, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Friulian language, Gail Valley dialect, Gallo-Italic languages, Gallo-Italic of Sicily, Gallo-Romance languages, Gallurese dialect, German language, Germanic languages, Germanic peoples, Ginestra, Greci, Campania, Greek language, Griko dialect, Guardia Piemontese, Hellenic languages, History of the Jews in Italy, Hungarian language, Iberian Romance languages, Immigration, Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-European languages, Indo-Iranian languages, Inner Carniolan dialect, Intemelio dialect, Isogloss, Issime, Istituto Ladin de la Dolomites, Istrian dialect, Istriot language, Italian language, Italian Sign Language, Italiot Greek, Italo-Dalmatian languages, Italy, Judeo-Italian languages, Karst dialect, Koiné language, La Maddalena, La Spezia–Rimini Line, Ladin language, Language, Languages of Calabria, Lazio, Liguria, Ligurian (Romance language), Livinallongo del Col di Lana, Logudorese dialect, Lombard language, Lombardy, Lungro, Lunigiana, Luserna, Macedonian language, Marche, Marchigiano dialect, Maschito, Mòcheno language, Mentonasc dialect, Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, Minority language, Molise, Montalbano Elicona, Montecilfone, Montemitro, Morphology (linguistics), National language, Natisone Valley dialect, Neapolitan language, Nicosia, Sicily, Novara di Sicilia, Occitan language, Palù del Fersina, Palermo, Phonology, Piana degli Albanesi, Piazza Armerina, Piedmont, Piedmontese language, Pinerolo, Plataci, Portocannone, Portogruaro, Provençal dialect, Province of Arezzo, Province of Belluno, Province of Campobasso, Province of Enna, Province of Foggia, Province of Lecce, Province of Mantua, Province of Messina, Province of Novara, Province of Pavia, Province of Perugia, Province of Pesaro and Urbino, Province of Rovigo, Province of Trieste, Province of Udine, Province of Venice, Province of Verona, Province of Vicenza, QWERTY, Red Book of Endangered Languages, Reggio Calabria, Regional Italian, Regional language, Resia, Friuli, Resian dialect, Rhaeto-Romance languages, Roana, Romagnol dialect, Romance languages, Romanesco dialect, Romani language, Romani people, Romanian language, Russian language, Sabino dialect, Salentino dialect, Salento, San Costantino Albanese, San Demetrio Corone, San Felice del Molise, San Fratello, San Marzano di San Giuseppe, San Nicola dell'Alto, San Piero Patti, San Pietro Island, Sardinia, Sardinian language, Sassarese language, Selva di Progno, Serbo-Croatian, Sestriere, Shtokavian, Sicilian language, Sicily, SIL International, Slavic languages, Slavomolisano dialect, Slovene language, South Tyrol, Southern Bavarian, Southern Italy, Southern Romance languages, Spanish language, Sperlinga, Sulcis, Susa Valley, Talian dialect, Torre Valley dialect, Trentino, Triestine dialect, Tuscan dialect, Tuscany, Ukrainian language, Umbria, UNESCO, Ururi, Val Badia, Val Gardena, Valdôtain dialect, Valguarnera Caropepe, Variety (linguistics), Vastese, Vasto, Venetian language, Veneto, Vinai, Vivaro-Alpine dialect, Voghera, Vulgar Latin, Walser German, Western Lombard dialect, Yiddish. Expand index (194 more) » « Shrink index
Abruzzo (Aquiliano: Abbrùzzu) is a region of Southern Italy, with an area of 10,763 square km (4,156 sq mi) and a population of 1.2 million.
Acquaformosa (Firmosa) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of Italy.
Acquaviva Collecroce (also called Živavoda Kruč or, usually, just Kruč) is a small town and comune in the province of Campobasso, in the Molise region of southern Italy, between the Biferno and Trigno rivers.
Acquedolci (Sicilian: Acquaduci) is an Italian town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in Sicily.
Aidone (Gallo-Italic of Sicily: Aidungh or Dadungh; Aiduni) is a town and comune in the province of Enna, in region of Sicily in southern Italy.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.
Algherese (Standard Catalan: Alguerès,; Algherese: Alguerés) is the variant of the Catalan language spoken in the city of Alghero (L'Alguer in Catalan), in the northwest of Sardinia, Italy.
Alghero (L'Alguer,,; S'Alighèra; La Liéra), is a town of about 44,000 inhabitants in the Italian insular province of Sassari in northwestern Sardinia, next to the Mediterranean Sea.
The Aosta Valley (Valle d'Aosta (official) or Val d'Aosta (usual); Vallée d'Aoste (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual); Val d'Outa (usual); Augschtalann or Ougstalland; Val d'Osta) is a mountainous autonomous region in northwestern Italy.
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
Apulia (Puglia; Pùglia; Pulia; translit) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto to the south.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arbëresh (also known as Arbërisht, Arbërishtja or T'arbrisht) is the variety of Albanian spoken by the Arbëreshë people in Italy.
Attic Greek is the Greek dialect of ancient Attica, including the city of Athens.
Austrian German (Österreichisches Deutsch), Austrian Standard German, Standard Austrian German (Österreichisches Standarddeutsch) or Austrian High German (Österreichisches Hochdeutsch), is the variety of Standard German written and spoken in Austria.
Bari dialect (dialetto barese) is a dialect of Neapolitan spoken in the Apulia and Basilicata regions of Italy.
Barile (Barilli; Lucano: Barìle) is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata.
Basilicata, also known with its ancient name Lucania, is a region in Southern Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia (Puglia) to the north and east, and Calabria to the south.
Bavarian (also known as Bavarian Austrian or Austro-Bavarian; Boarisch or Bairisch; Bairisch; bajor) is a West Germanic language belonging to the Upper German group, spoken in the southeast of the German language area, much of Bavaria, much of Austria and South Tyrol in Italy.
The Bersntol (Fersental, Valle dei Fersina) is a valley in the Autonomous Province of Trento, in north-eastern Italy.
The Brda dialect (briško narečje, briščina) is a Slovene dialect in the Littoral dialect group,Toporišič, Jože.
Brigasc is a dialect of the Ligurian language.
Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
The Calabrian dialect of Greek, or Grecanic, is the variety of Italiot Greek used by the ethnic Griko people in Calabria, as opposed to the Italiot Greek dialect spoken in the Grecìa Salentina.
Calasetta (Ligurian: Câdesédda) is a small town (population 2,745) and comune located on the island of Sant'Antioco, off the Southwestern coast of Sardinia, Italy.
Campania is a region in Southern Italy.
Campidanese Sardinian (Sardu Campidanesu, Sardo Campidanese) is a standardised variety of the Sardinian language primarily spoken in the Province of Cagliari, Italy.
Campomarino (Arbërisht: Këmarini) is an Arbëreshë comune in the Province of Campobasso, in the Italian region Molise, located about northeast of Campobasso, and about southeast of Termoli.
Carloforte (U Pàize in Ligurian, literally: the village, the town) is a fishing and resort town of located on Isola di San Pietro (Saint Peter's Island), approximately off the southwestern coast of Sardinia, in southern Sardinia, Italy.
Casalvecchio (Kazallveqi) is an Arbëreshë comune and village in the Province of Foggia, Apulia, southern Italy.
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.
Celle di San Vito (Cèles de Sant Vuite) is a town and comune in the province of Foggia of the Apulia region in central southeast Italy.
Central Italian (italiano centrale or mediano) is a group of Italo-Dalmatian Romance lects spoken in central Italy in Lazio, Umbria, central Marche, the far south of Tuscany, and a small part of Abruzzo.
Chakavian or Čakavian,, (čakavski, proper name: čakavica or čakavština, own name: čokovski, čakavski, čekavski) is a dialect of the Serbo-Croatian language spoken by a minority of Croats.
Chieuti (Qefti) is a town and comune in the province of Foggia in the Apulia region of southeast Italy.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chipilo Venetian, or Chipileño, is a diaspora language currently spoken by the descendants of some five hundred 19th century Venetian immigrants to Mexico.
Cimbrian (Zimbar,; Zimbrisch; Cimbro) refers to any of several local Upper German varieties spoken in northeastern Italy.
Civita (Arbërisht: Çifti) is a hilltown and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
Corsican (corsu or lingua corsa) is a Romance language within the Italo-Dalmatian subfamily.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Croatian (hrvatski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used by Croats, principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and other neighboring countries.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
The Dolomites (Dolomiti; Ladin: Dolomites; Dolomiten; Dołomiti: Dolomitis) are a mountain range located in northeastern Italy.
Eastern Lombard is a group of closely related dialects of Lombard, a Gallo-Italic language spoken in Lombardy, mainly in the provinces of Bergamo, Brescia and Mantua, in the area around Crema and in parts of Trentino.
Emilia (Emîlia) is a historical region of northern Italy which approximately corresponds to the western and north-eastern portions of today’s Emilia-Romagna region, of which Romagna forms the remainder.
Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.
Emilian is a group of dialects of the Emilian-Romagnol language spoken in the area historically called Emilia, the western portion of today's Emilia-Romagna region in Italy.
Emilian-Romagnol (emiliân-rumagnōl or langua emiglièna-rumagnôla), also known as Emiliano-Romagnolo, is a Gallo-Italic language.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe.
Faetar, fully known as Faetar and Cellese (Cigliàje), is a Franco-Provençal language spoken in two small communities in Foggia in south Italy: Faeto and Celle di San Vito, and in emigre communities such as Toronto and Brantford, one hour west of Toronto.
Faeto (Fayéte) is a town and comune in the province of Foggia in the Apulia region of southeast Italy.
The Fassa Valley (Ladin: Val de Fascia, Val di Fassa, Fassatal) is a valley in the Dolomites in Trentino, northern Italy.
Fierozzo (Mócheno: Vlarötz; Florutz) is a comune (municipality) in Trentino in the northern Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, located about northeast of Trento.
The Fiuman dialect (fiumano, Fiuman: fiuman) is the dialect of the Venetian language spoken in the Croatian city of Rijeka (Fiume).
The Florentine dialect or vernacular (Dialetto fiorentino or vernacolo) is a Tuscan variety of Romance spoken in the Italian city of Florence.
Fondachelli-Fantina is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina, Sicily, southern Italy.
Forlivese is the central variety of Romagnol language spoken in the city of Forlì and in its province.
The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM) is a multilateral treaty of the Council of Europe aimed at protecting the rights of minorities.
Frascineto (Frasnita) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Frassilongo (Mocheno: Garait; Gereut) is a comune (municipality) in Trentino in the northern Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, located about east of Trento.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Friûl-Vignesie Julie; Furlanija-Julijska krajina, Friaul-Julisch Venetien; Friul-Venesia Julia; Friul-Unieja Julia) is one of the 20 regions of Italy, and one of five autonomous regions with special statute.
Friulian or Friulan (or, affectionately, marilenghe in Friulian, friulano in Italian, Furlanisch in German, furlanščina in Slovene; also Friulian) is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaeto-Romance family, spoken in the Friuli region of northeastern Italy.
The Gail Valley dialect (ziljsko narečje, ziljščinaLogar, Tine. 1996. Dialektološke in jezikovnozgodovinske razprave. Ljubljana: SAZU) is the westernmost Slovene dialect in the Carinthian dialect group, spoken in parts of southern Carinthia in Austria, in the northeasternmost part of the Province of Udine in Italy, and in northeastern Upper Carniola in Slovenia.
The Gallo-Italian, Gallo-Italic, Gallo-Cisalpine or simply Cisalpine languages constitute the majority of the Romance languages of northern Italy.
Gallo-Italic of Sicily (Gallo-italico di Sicilia) is a group of Gallo-Italic languages found in about 15 isolated communities of central eastern Sicily.
The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes sensu stricto the French language, the Occitan language, and the Franco-Provençal language (Arpitan).
Gallurese (gadduresu) is an Italo-Dalmatian Romance lect spoken in the region of Gallura, in the northeastern part of Sardinia.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Ginestra (Zhura) is an Arbëreshë town and comune in the Province of Potenza, Basilicata, Italy.
Greci (Katundi) is an Arbëreshë town and comune in the province of Avellino, Campania, Italy.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Griko, sometimes spelled Grico in Salento is the dialect of Italiot Greek spoken by Griko people in Salento and (sometimes spelled Grecanic)in Calabria.
Guardia Piemontese (Occitan: La Gàrdia) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza and the region of Calabria in southern Italy.
Hellenic is the branch of the Indo-European language family whose principal member is Greek.
The history of the Jews in Italy spans more than two thousand years.
Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania (Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States). Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family branch, its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty.
The Iberian Romance, Ibero-Romance or simply Iberian languages is an areal grouping of Romance languages that developed on the Iberian Peninsula, an area consisting primarily of Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra, and in southern France which are today more commonly separated into West Iberian and Occitano-Romance language groups.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
The Indo-Aryan or Indic languages are the dominant language family of the Indian subcontinent.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
The Indo-Iranian languages or Indo-Iranic languages, or Aryan languages, constitute the largest and easternmost extant branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Inner Carniolan dialect (notranjsko narečje, notranjščina) is a Slovene dialect in the Littoral dialect group.
Intemelio is a Ligurian dialect spoken historically from the Principality of Monaco to the Italian province of Imperia.
An isogloss, also called a heterogloss (see Etymology below), is the geographic boundary of a certain linguistic feature, such as the pronunciation of a vowel, the meaning of a word, or the use of some morphological or syntactic feature.
Issime (Issime Éischeme; Einsimmen; Valdôtain: Éséima (locally Eichima)) is a town and comune in the Aosta Valley region of north-western Italy.
Bellunese Institution to study and preserve the ladin culture in 35 municipalities of Agordino, Cadore, Comelico and Zoldo.
The Istrian dialect (istrsko narečje, istrščina) is a Slovene dialect in the Littoral dialect group.
Istriot is a Romance language spoken by about 400 people in the southwestern part of the Istrian Peninsula in Croatia, particularly in Rovinj and Vodnjan.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Italian Sign Language or LIS (Lingua dei Segni Italiana) is the visual language used by deaf people in Italy.
Italiot Greek, also known as Salentino-Calabrian Greek or Italic-Greek is either of two dialects of Greek spoken in Italy or an extinct variety once spoken in Sicily.
The Italo-Dalmatian languages, or Central Romance languages, are a group of Romance languages spoken in Italy, Corsica (France) and formerly in Dalmatia (Croatia).
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Judeo-Italian, also referred to as Italkian, is an endangered Jewish language, with only about 200 speakers in Italy and 250 total speakers today.
The Karst dialect (kraško narečje, kraščina), sometimes Gorizia–Karst dialect (goriškokraško narečje), is a Slovene dialect in the Littoral dialect group, spoken in western Slovenia and in parts of the Italian provinces of Trieste and Gorizia.
In linguistics, a koiné language, koiné dialect, or simply koiné (Ancient Greek κοινή, "common ") is a standard language or dialect that has arisen as a result of contact between two or more mutually intelligible varieties (dialects) of the same language.
La Maddalena (Gallurese: Madalena or La Madalena, Sa Madalena) is a town and comune located on the island with the same name, in northern Sardinia, part of the province of Sassari (SS), Italy.
The La Spezia–Rimini Line (also known as the Massa–Senigallia Line), in the linguistics of the Romance languages, is a line that demarcates a number of important isoglosses that distinguish Romance languages south and east of the line from Romance languages north and west of it.
Ladin (or; Ladin: Ladin, Ladino, Ladinisch) is a Romance language consisting of a group of dialects that some consider part of a unitary Rhaeto-Romance language, mainly spoken in the Dolomite Mountains in Northern Italy in the provinces of South Tyrol, the Trentino, and the Belluno, by the Ladin people.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
The primary languages of Calabria are the standard Italian language as well as regional varieties of the Neapolitan and Sicilian languages, all collectively known as Calabrian (Italian: calabrese).
Lazio (Latium) is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy.
Liguria (Ligûria, Ligurie) is a coastal region of north-western Italy; its capital is Genoa.
Ligurian (ligure or lengua ligure) is a Gallo-Italic language spoken in Liguria in Northern Italy, parts of the Mediterranean coastal zone of France, Monaco and in the villages of Carloforte and Calasetta in Sardinia.
Livinallongo del Col di Lana (Fodóm, Buchenstein) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Belluno in the Italian region Veneto, located about north of Venice and about northwest of Belluno.
Logudorese Sardinian (Sardu Logudoresu, Sardo Logudorese) is a standardised variety of Sardinian, often considered the most conservative of all Romance languages.
Lombard (native name lumbàart, lumbard or lombard, depending on the orthography) is a language belonging to the Cisalpine or Gallo-Italic group, within the Romance languages.
Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.
Lungro (Ungra) is a town and comune (municipality) in the Province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of Italy.
The Lunigiana is a historical territory of Italy, which today falls within the provinces of La Spezia and Massa Carrara.
Luserna (Cimbrian: Lusérn, Lusern) is a comune (municipality) in Trentino in the northern Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, located about southeast of Trento.
Macedonian (македонски, tr. makedonski) is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.
Marche, or the Marches, is one of the twenty regions of Italy.
Marchigiano refers to a tight cluster of local Romance speech types spoken in the central part of the region Marche, in Italy, in a zone which includes the provinces of Ancona, Macerata and Fermo.
Maschito (Mashqiti; Lucano: Maschìte) is a town and comune of the province of Potenza, in the Basilicata region of southern Italy.
Mòcheno (Fersentalerisch; Bersntolerisch) is an Upper German variety spoken in three towns of the Bersntol (Fersental, Valle del Fersina), in Trentino, northeastern Italy.
Mentonasc (Mentonasco in Italian, Mentonnais or Mentonasque in French) is a Romance dialect historically spoken in and around Menton, France.
The administrative area of the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital (Città metropolitana di Roma Capitale) is one of the constitutional Metropolitan cities of Italy in the Lazio region, Italy.
A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a territory.
Molise is a region of Southern Italy.
Montalbano Elicona (Sicilian: Muntarbanu) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about southwest of Messina on the Nebrodi mountains at the border with the Peloritani range.
Montecilfone (Arbërisht: Munxhufuni) is an Arbëreshë comune in the Province of Campobasso, in the Italian region of Molise, located about northeast of Campobasso.
Montemitro (also called Mundimitar) is a small town and comune in the province of Campobasso in the Molise region of Italy, near the Trigno river.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.
The Natisone Valley dialect (nadiško narečje, nadiščina) is a Slovene dialect in the Littoral dialect group.
Neapolitan (autonym: (’o n)napulitano; napoletano) is a Romance language of the Italo-Dalmatian group spoken across much of southern Italy, except for southern Calabria and Sicily.
Nicosia (Gallo-Italic of Sicily: Nẹcọscia; Sicilian: Nicusìa) is a village and comune of the province of Enna in Sicily, southern Italy.
Novara di Sicilia (Gallo-Italic of Sicily: Nuè; Sicilian: Nuvara) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region of Sicily, located about east of Palermo and some southwest of Messina.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
Palù del Fersina (Mocheno: Palai/Palae en Bersntol, Palai im Fersental) is a comune (municipality) in Trentino in the northern Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, located about northeast of Trento.
Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Piana degli Albanesi (Albanian: Hora e Arbëreshëvet) is a comune with 6,212 inhabitants in the Metropolitan City of Palermo, Sicily.
Piazza Armerina (Gallo-Italic of Sicily: Ciazza; Sicilian: Chiazza) is an Italian comune in the province of Enna of the autonomous island region of Sicily.
Piedmont (Piemonte,; Piedmontese, Occitan and Piemont; Piémont) is a region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country.
Piedmontese (Piemontèis or Lenga Piemontèisa, in Italian: Piemontese) is a Romance language spoken by some 700,000 people in Piedmont, northwestern region of Italy.
Pinerolo (Pignerol; Piemontese: Pinareul) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, northwestern Italy, southwest of Turin on the river Chisone.
Plataci (Calabrian: Pràtaci) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Portocannone (Arbërisht: Portkanuni) is an Arbëreshë comune in the Province of Campobasso, in the Italian region Molise, located about northeast of Campobasso.
Portogruaro (Porto, Puart) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Venice, Veneto, northern Italy.
Provençal (Provençau or Prouvençau) is a variety of Occitan spoken by a minority of people in southern France, mostly in Provence.
The province of Arezzo or Arretium (provincia di Arezzo) is the easternmost province in the Tuscany region of northern Italy.
The Province of Belluno (Provincia di Belluno; Provinz Belluno) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy.
The Province of Campobasso (Provincia di Campobasso; Molisan dialect: Pruìnge de Cambuàsce) is a province in the Molise region of southern Italy.
Enna (Provincia di Enna; Sicilian: Pruvincia di Enna) is a province in the autonomous island region of Sicily in Italy.
The Province of Foggia (Provincia di Foggia; Foggiano: provìnge de Fogge) is a province in the Apulia (Puglia) region of southern Italy.
The Province of Lecce (Provincia di Lecce; Salentino: provincia te Lècce) is a province in the Apulia region of Italy.
The Province of Mantua (Provincia di Mantova) is a province in the Lombardy region of northern Italy.
Messina (Italian: Provincia di Messina; Sicilian: Pruvincia di Missina) was a province in the autonomous island region of Sicily in Italy.
Novara (It. Provincia di Novara) is a province in the Piedmont region of Italy.
The province of Pavia (Provincia di Pavia) is a province in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy; its capital is Pavia.
The Province of Perugia (Provincia di Perugia) is the larger of the two provinces in the Umbria region of Italy, comprising two-thirds of both the area and population of the region.
The Province of Pesaro and Urbino (Provincia di Pesaro e Urbino) is a province in the Marche region of Italy.
The Province of Rovigo (Provincia di Rovigo) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy.
The Province of Trieste (Provincia di Trieste, Tržaška pokrajina; provinzia di Triest) was a province in the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of Italy.
The province of Udine (provincia di Udine, provincie di Udin, videmska pokrajina, Resian: Vydänskä provinčjä, provinz Udine) was a province in the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia of Italy, bordering Austria and Slovenia.
The Province of Venice (Provincia di Venezia) was a province in the Veneto region of northern Italy.
The Province of Verona (Provincia di Verona) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy.
The Province of Vicenza (Provincia di Vicenza) is a province in the Veneto region of northern Italy.
QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.
The Red Book of Endangered Languages was published by UNESCO and collected a comprehensive list of the world's endangered languages.
Reggio di Calabria (also; Reggino: Rìggiu, Bovesia Calabrian Greek: script; translit, Rhēgium), commonly known as Reggio Calabria or simply Reggio in Southern Italy, is the largest city and the most populated comune of Calabria, Southern Italy.
Regional Italian, sometimes also called dialects of Italian, is any regionalRegional in the broad sense of the word; not to be confused with the Italian endonym regione for Italy's administrative units variety of the Italian language.
A regional language is a language spoken in an area of a sovereign state, whether it be a small area, a federal state or province, or some wider area.
Resia (Resian: Resije; Rezija; Resie) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northern Italy.
The Resian dialect (self-designation Rozajanski langač, or lengač, rezijansko narečje, rezijanščina) is a distinct dialect of Slovene spoken in the Resia Valley, Province of Udine, Italy, close to the border with Slovenia.
Rhaeto-Romance, or Rhaetian, is a traditional subfamily of the Romance languages that is spoken in north and north-eastern Italy and in Switzerland.
Roana (Cimbrian: Robàan) is a commune in the province of Vicenza, Veneto, Italy.
Romagnol (also known as Rumagnol) is a group of closely related dialects of the Emilian-Romagnol language spoken in the historical region of Romagna, which is today in the south-eastern part of Emilia-Romagna.
The Romance languages (also called Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that began evolving from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family.
Romanesco is a variety of regional Italian spoken in the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, especially in the core city.
Romani (also Romany; romani čhib) is any of several languages of the Romani people belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Sabino is a Central Italian dialect spoken in Central Italy, exactly in an area which includes northern part of province of Aquila and the whole province of Rieti, with some linguistic islands in the Rome's one.
Salentino is a dialect of the Sicilian language spoken in the Salento region (province of Lecce, almost all the province of Brindisi, and part of the province of Taranto).
Salento (Salentu in the Salentino dialect) is a geographic region at the southern end of the administrative region of Apulia in Southern Italy.
San Costantino Albanese (Shën Kostandinit i Arbëreshëvet) is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata.
San Demetrio Corone (Arbëreshë: Shën Mitri) is a town and municipality in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
San Felice del Molise (also called Štifilić or Filić) is a small town and comune in the province of Campobasso in the Molise region of Italy, near the Trigno river.
San Fratello (Gallo-Italic: San Frareau, Sicilian: Santu Frateddu, Greek and Latin: Apollonia, Medieval Latin Castrum S. Philadelphi), formerly San Filadelfio, is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about west of Messina.
San Marzano di San Giuseppe (Shën Marcani) is a town and comune in the Province of Taranto, in the Italian region of Apulia.
San Nicola dell'Alto (Shën Koll) is a village and comune (municipality) in the province of Crotone, in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
San Piero Patti (Sicilian: San Pieru Patti) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about southwest of Messina.
San Pietro Island (Italian: Isola di San Pietro, Ligurian Tabarchino: Uiza de San Pé, Sardinian: Isula 'e Sàntu Pèdru) is an island approximately off the South western Coast of Sardinia, Italy, facing the Sulcis peninsula.
Sardinian or Sard (sardu, limba sarda or língua sarda) is the primary indigenous Romance language spoken on most of the island of Sardinia (Italy).
Sassarese (Sassaresu or Turritanu) is an Italo-Dalmatian language and transitional variety between Corsican and Sardinian.
Selva di Progno (Cimbrian: Brunghe) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Verona in the Italian region Veneto, located about west of Venice and about northeast of Verona.
Serbo-Croatian, also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.
Sestriere (Sestrieras, Ël Sestrier, Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a comune (municipality) of the Metropolitan City of Turin.
Shtokavian or Štokavian (štokavski / штокавски) is the prestige dialect of the pluricentric Serbo-Croatian language, and the basis of its Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Montenegrin standards.
Sicilian (sicilianu; in Italian: Siciliano; also known as Siculo (siculu) or Calabro-Sicilian) is a Romance language spoken on the island of Sicily and its satellite islands.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics) is a U.S.-based, worldwide, Christian non-profit organization, whose main purpose is to study, develop and document languages, especially those that are lesser-known, in order to expand linguistic knowledge, promote literacy, translate the Christian Bible into local languages, and aid minority language development.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slavomolisano, also known as Molise Slavic or Molise Croatian, is a variety of Shtokavian Serbo-Croatian spoken by Italian Croats in the province of Campobasso, in the Molise Region of southern Italy, in the villages of Montemitro (Mundimitar), Acquaviva Collecroce (Živavoda Kruč) and San Felice del Molise (Štifilić).
Slovene or Slovenian (slovenski jezik or slovenščina) belongs to the group of South Slavic languages.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
Southern Bavarian, or Southern Austro-Bavarian, is a cluster of Upper German dialects of the Bavarian group.
Southern Italy or Mezzogiorno (literally "midday") is a macroregion of Italy traditionally encompassing the territories of the former Kingdom of the two Sicilies (all the southern section of the Italian Peninsula and Sicily), with the frequent addition of the island of Sardinia.
The Southern Romance languages make up a sub-group of the family of Romance languages suggested by Ethnologue and Glottolog, but with little support among other linguists.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Sperlinga is a comune in the province of Enna, in the central part of the island of Sicily, in southern Italy.
Sulcis (Maurreddia or Meurreddia in Sardinian language) is a subregion of Sardinia, Italy, in the Province of South Sardinia.
The Susa Valley (Val di Susa, Val de Suse, Val d'Ors) is a valley in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont region of northern Italy, located between the Graian Alps in the north and the Cottian Alps in the south.
Talian (or Brazilian Venetian,,, but) is a dialect of the Venetian language, spoken primarily in the Serra Gaúcha region in the northeast of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil.
The Torre Valley dialect or Ter Valley dialect (tersko narečje, terščina) is the westernmost and the most Romanized Slovene dialect and one of its most archaic and typologically interesting dialects.
Trentino, officially the Autonomous Province of Trento, is an autonomous province of Italy, in the country's far north.
The Triestine dialect (triestino, Triestine: triestin) is a dialect local to the Italian city of Trieste.
Tuscan (dialetto toscano) is a set of Italo-Dalmatian varieties mainly spoken in Tuscany, Italy.
Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).
Umbria is a region of central Italy.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Ururi (Arbërisht: Rùri) is an Arbëreshë comune in the Province of Campobasso, in the Italian region Molise, located about northeast of Campobasso.
The Val Badia (Badia Valley, Ladin: Val Badia; Val Badia; Gadertal) is the valley of the Gran Ega river in South Tyrol, Italy.
Gherdëina (Ladin:; Val Gardena; Gröden) is a valley in Northern Italy, in the Dolomites of South Tyrol.
Valdôtain is a dialect of Arpitan (Franco-Provençal) spoken in the Aosta Valley in Italy.
Valguarnera Caropepe (Sicilian: Carrapipi) is a comune in Sicily, Italy in the Province of Enna.
In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.
Vastese (Vastese: Lu Uâʃtaréule or Lu indialett di lu Uašt, meaning "the dialect of Vasto") is a Romance language spoken in the town of Vasto.
Vasto (Abruzzese: lù Uàštë; Histonion, Histonium) is a town and comune on the Adriatic coast of the Province of Chieti in southern Abruzzo, Italy.
Venetian or Venetan (Venetian: vèneto, vènet or łéngua vèneta) is a Romance language spoken as a native language by almost four million people in the northeast of Italy,Ethnologue.
Veneto (or,; Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
VINAI is an EDM production and Italian DJ duo, formed in 2011 consisting of brothers Alessandro Vinai (born 25 January 1990) and Andrea Vinai (born 10 January 1994).
Vivaro-Alpine (vivaroalpenc, vivaroaupenc) is a variety of Occitan spoken in southeastern France (namely, around the Dauphiné area) and northwestern Italy (the Occitan Valleys of Piedmont and Liguria).
The Castle of Voghera in a 19th-century etching. Voghera (Vogherese dialect of Emilian: Vughera; Latin: Forum Iulii Iriensium) is a town and comune of 39400 people located in Lombardy, Italy, in the province of Pavia.
Vulgar Latin or Sermo Vulgaris ("common speech") was a nonstandard form of Latin (as opposed to Classical Latin, the standard and literary version of the language) spoken in the Mediterranean region during and after the classical period of the Roman Empire.
Walser German (Walserdeutsch) and Walliser German (Walliserdeutsch, locally Wallisertiitsch) form a group of Highest Alemannic dialects spoken in parts of Switzerland (Valais, Ticino, Grisons), Italy (Piedmont, Aosta Valley), Liechtenstein, and Austria (Vorarlberg).
Western Lombard is one of the main varieties of Lombard, a Romance language spoken in Italy.
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Italian languages, Languages of Northern Italy, Languages of northern Italy, List of Languages of Italy, List of languages of Italy, Minority languages of Italy, Northern Italian languages, Varieties of Italy.