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Lanthanide probes

Index Lanthanide probes

Lanthanide probes are a non-invasive analytical tool commonly used for biological and chemical applications. [1]

79 relations: Actin, Amide, Analytical chemistry, Antigen, Biopharmaceutical, Biosensor, Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, C3a receptor, Calcium, Cancer, Carboxylate, Chelation, Chemical substance, Conformational isomerism, Coordinate covalent bond, Covalent bond, Dystrophin, Electronegativity, Energy, Enzyme, Escherichia coli, Europium, Förster resonance energy transfer, Flashtube, Fluorescence, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Fluorometer, Frequency, G protein–coupled receptor, Gas-discharge lamp, Gross domestic product, GTPase, Guanosine triphosphate, Hormone, Hydroxy group, Immunoassay, Interleukin 8 receptor, alpha, Ion channel, Ionic radius, Lanthanide, Ligand, Macrocycle, Magnetic resonance imaging, Mercury-vapor lamp, Methoxy group, Methyl group, MRI contrast agent, Naphthalene, Nickel, Nitrogen laser, ..., Nucleic acid, Oxidation state, Periodic table, PerkinElmer, PH, Phosphinate, Photomultiplier, Photon, Phthalate, Picrate, Polymer, Protease-activated receptor 2, Protein complex, Protonation, Pulsed laser, Ras subfamily, Salicylic acid, Samarium, Sampling (signal processing), Spark gap, Spectroscopy, Staining, Steroid, Terbium, Tetracycline, Triplet state, Ultraviolet, Virus, Wavelength. Expand index (29 more) »


Actin is a family of globular multi-functional proteins that form microfilaments.

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An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).

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Analytical chemistry

Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.

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In immunology, an antigen is a molecule capable of inducing an immune response (to produce an antibody) in the host organism.

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A biopharmaceutical, also known as a biologic(al) medical product, biological, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources.

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A biosensor is an analytical device, used for the detection of an analyte, that combines a biological component with a physicochemical detector.

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Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory

The Brønsted–Lowry theory is an acid–base reaction theory which was proposed independently by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and Thomas Martin Lowry in 1923.

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C3a receptor

The C3a receptor also known as complement component 3a receptor 1 (C3AR1) is a G protein-coupled receptor protein involved in the complement system.

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Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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A carboxylate is a salt or ester of a carboxylic acid.

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Chelation is a type of bonding of ions and molecules to metal ions.

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Chemical substance

A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.

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Conformational isomerism

In chemistry, conformational isomerism is a form of stereoisomerism in which the isomers can be interconverted just by rotations about formally single bonds (refer to figure on single bond rotation).

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Coordinate covalent bond

A coordinate covalent bond, also known as a dative bond or coordinate bond is a kind of 2-center, 2-electron covalent bond in which the two electrons derive from the same atom.

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Covalent bond

A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.

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Dystrophin is a rod-shaped cytoplasmic protein, and a vital part of a protein complex that connects the cytoskeleton of a muscle fiber to the surrounding extracellular matrix through the cell membrane.

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Electronegativity, symbol ''χ'', is a chemical property that describes the tendency of an atom to attract a shared pair of electrons (or electron density) towards itself.

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In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

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Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

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Europium is a chemical element with symbol Eu and atomic number 63.

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Förster resonance energy transfer

Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), resonance energy transfer (RET) or electronic energy transfer (EET) is a mechanism describing energy transfer between two light-sensitive molecules (chromophores).

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A flashtube, also called a flashlamp, is an electric arc lamp designed to produce extremely intense, incoherent, full-spectrum white light for very short durations.

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Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation.

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Fluorescence spectroscopy

Fluorescence spectroscopy (also known as fluorometry or spectrofluorometry) is a type of electromagnetic spectroscopy that analyzes fluorescence from a sample.

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A fluorometer or fluorimeter is a device used to measure parameters of fluorescence: its intensity and wavelength distribution of emission spectrum after excitation by a certain spectrum of light.

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Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.

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G protein–coupled receptor

G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs), also known as seven-(pass)-transmembrane domain receptors, 7TM receptors, heptahelical receptors, serpentine receptor, and G protein–linked receptors (GPLR), constitute a large protein family of receptors that detect molecules outside the cell and activate internal signal transduction pathways and, ultimately, cellular responses.

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Gas-discharge lamp

Gas-discharge lamps are a family of artificial light sources that generate light by sending an electric discharge through an ionized gas, a plasma.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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GTPases (singular GTPase) are a large family of hydrolase enzymes that can bind and hydrolyze guanosine triphosphate (GTP).

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Guanosine triphosphate

Guanosine-5'-triphosphate (GTP) is a purine nucleoside triphosphate.

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A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

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Hydroxy group

A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.

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An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule or a small molecule in a solution through the use of an antibody (usually) or an antigen (sometimes).

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Interleukin 8 receptor, alpha

Interleukin 8 receptor, alpha is a chemokine receptor.

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Ion channel

Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore.

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Ionic radius

Ionic radius, rion, is the radius of an atom's ion in ionic crystals structure.

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The lanthanide or lanthanoid series of chemical elements comprises the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium.

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In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

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Macrocycles are often described as a molecule containing twelve or more atoms with at least one large ring.

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Magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.

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Mercury-vapor lamp

A mercury-vapor lamp is a gas discharge lamp that uses an electric arc through vaporized mercury to produce light.

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Methoxy group

A methoxy group is the functional group consisting of a methyl group bound to oxygen.

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Methyl group

A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.

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MRI contrast agent

MRI contrast agents are contrast agents used to improve the visibility of internal body structures in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

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Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.

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Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.

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Nitrogen laser

A nitrogen laser is a gas laser operating in the ultraviolet rangeC.

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Nucleic acid

Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.

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Oxidation state

The oxidation state, sometimes referred to as oxidation number, describes degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound.

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Periodic table

The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties, whose structure shows periodic trends.

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PerkinElmer, Inc., is an American multinational corporation focused in the business areas of human and environmental health, including: environmental analysis, food and consumer product safety, medical imaging, drug discovery, diagnostics, biotechnology, industrial applications, and life science research.

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In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

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Phosphinates or hypophosphites are a class of phosphorus compounds conceptually based on the structure of hypophosphorous acid.

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Photomultiplier tubes (photomultipliers or PMTs for short), members of the class of vacuum tubes, and more specifically vacuum phototubes, are extremely sensitive detectors of light in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).

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Phthalates, or phthalate esters, are esters of phthalic acid.

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A picrate is a salt containing the anion (O2N)3C6H2O−.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Protease-activated receptor 2

Protease activated receptor 2 (PAR2) also known as coagulation factor II (thrombin) receptor-like 1 (F2RL1) or G-protein coupled receptor 11 (GPR11) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the F2RL1 gene.

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Protein complex

A protein complex or multiprotein complex is a group of two or more associated polypeptide chains.

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In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.

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Pulsed laser

Pulsed operation of lasers refers to any laser not classified as continuous wave, so that the optical power appears in pulses of some duration at some repetition rate.

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Ras subfamily

Ras is a family of related proteins which is expressed in all animal cell lineages and organs.

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Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid (from Latin salix, willow tree) is a lipophilic monohydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid (BHA).

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Samarium is a chemical element with symbol Sm and atomic number 62.

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Sampling (signal processing)

In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.

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Spark gap

A spark gap consists of an arrangement of two conducting electrodes separated by a gap usually filled with a gas such as air, designed to allow an electric spark to pass between the conductors.

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Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

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Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.

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A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

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Terbium is a chemical element with symbol Tb and atomic number 65.

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Tetracycline, sold under the brand name Sumycin among others, is an antibiotic used to treat a number of infections.

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Triplet state

In quantum mechanics, a triplet is a quantum state of a system with a spin of quantum number s.

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lanthanide_probes

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