270 relations: AC adapter, Active-matrix liquid-crystal display, Adobe Photoshop, Advanced Micro Devices, Aftermarket (merchandise), Alan Kay, Alienware, AMD Accelerated Processing Unit, Android (operating system), Apple Inc., ARM architecture, Asus, Asus Eee PC, Asus Transformer, Asus Vivo, Ballistic nylon, Bank Secrecy Act, Battery management system, Battery pack, Blu-ray, Bluetooth, Card reader, Cathode ray tube, CD-ROM, Central processing unit, Chromebook, Chromebook Pixel, Clamshell design, Classroom, Cloud computing, Cloud storage, COMDEX, Commercial off-the-shelf, Common Building Block, Compact disc, Compal Electronics, Computer Chronicles, Computer fan, Computer form factor, Computer keyboard, Computer memory, Computer monitor, Computer port (hardware), Computer speakers, Cost of goods sold, Credit card fraud, Data Protection Act 1998, DC connector, Dell Inspiron laptops, Demanufacture, ..., Desktop computer, Digital camera, Digital pen, Digital Visual Interface, DIMM, Disk encryption, Disk encryption software, Docking station, Dulmont Magnum, Dynabook, Electric battery, Electric charge, Electrostatic discharge, Epargyreus clarus, Epson HX-20, Ergonomic keyboard, Erythema ab igne, Ethernet, Evolution-Data Optimized, ExpressCard, FACTA, Financial Conduct Authority, Flash memory, Floppy disk, Form factor (design), Function key, Gavilan SC, Google, Google Talk, Graphics processing unit, Grid Compass, Hard disk drive, HDMI, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Heat pipe, Heat sink, Hewlett-Packard, High Speed Packet Access, HP Envy, IBM 5100, IBM PALM processor, IBook, Identity theft, IEEE 1394, Infertility, Information Processing Society of Japan, Information technology, Infrared Data Association, Input/output, Intel, Intel 80386, Intel Core, Internet, ISO 216, Kensington Security Slot, Key (cryptography), Landfill, Lap, Laptop, Laptop charging trolley, Laptop cooler, Laptop theft, Las Vegas, Legacy port, Lenovo Yoga, Light-emitting diode, Linux, Liquid-crystal display, List of computer size categories, List of laptop brands and manufacturers, Lithium polymer battery, Lithium-ion battery, LRPu, M.2, MacBook, MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, Macintosh Portable, MacOS, Mains electricity, Media consumption, Memory card, Micral, Microfiber, Microphone, Microsoft Surface, Microsoft Windows, Mini DisplayPort, Miniaturization, Mobile broadband, Mobile computing, Mobile Internet device, Mobile operating system, Modem, Motherboard, MSI Wind Netbook, Multi-touch, NASA, Neoprene, Netbook, Network-attached storage, New York Daily News, Niche market, Nickel–metal hydride battery, Non-volatile memory, Notebook, Notebook processor, Novena (computing platform), Nvidia Optimus, OLPC XO, OLPC XO-3, One Laptop per Child, Open plan, Open-source computing hardware, Operating system, Optical disc drive, Original design manufacturer, Osborne 1, Overclocking, Parallel port, PARC (company), PC Card, PC Magazine, PCI Express, Peripheral, Personal computer, Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, Personal digital assistant, Pointing stick, Portable computer, Portal (computer), Power cord, Power management, Power supply, PowerBook, PowerNow!, PowerPC, Price point, Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002, Processor (computing), Proprietary hardware, PS/2 port, Quanta Computer, RadioShack, RAID, Random-access memory, Read-only memory, Repetitive strain injury, Road warrior (computing), Robbins v. Lower Merion School District, Rugged computer, S-Video, Samsung, Sarbanes–Oxley Act, Secure Digital, Seiko Epson, Seikosha, Semen analysis, Serial ATA, Serial port, Sharp PC-5000, Skype, Smart Battery, Smartbook, Smartphone, SO-DIMM, Solar power, Solid-state drive, Sound card, Spawn (biology), SpeedStep, State University of New York, Stereoscopy, STS-43, Stylus (computing), Subscriber identity module, Surface (2012 tablet), Surface 2, Surface Book, Tablet computer, Taylor & Francis, Technical standard, Technological convergence, Tethering, Theft, ThinkPad, Thunderbolt (interface), Toshiba T1100, Touchpad, Touchscreen, Trademark, Ultra-low-voltage processor, Ultrabook, Uninterruptible power supply, United States Armed Forces, USB, USB 3.0, USB-C, VHS, VIA OpenBook, Video Graphics Array, Waste heat, Waterproofing, Watt, Webcam, Weekly Shōnen Jump, Wi-Fi, Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows RT, Wireless network, X86, XJACK, Zenbook, Zilog, Zilog Z80, 16:10, 16:9, 3D computer graphics, 8 mm video format. Expand index (220 more) » « Shrink index
An AC adapter, AC/DC adapter, or AC/DC converter is a type of external power supply, often enclosed in a case similar to an AC plug.
An active-matrix liquid-crystal display (AMLCD) is a type of flat panel display, the only viable technology for high-resolution TVs, computer monitors, notebook computers, tablet computers and smartphones with an LCD screen, due to low weight, very good image quality, wide color gamut and response time.
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
In many economic literature, the term "aftermarket" refers to a secondary market for the goods and services that are 1) complementary or 2) related to its primary market goods (original equipment). Thus, in many industries, the primary market consists of durable goods, whereas the aftermarket consists of consumable or non-durable products or services. Accordingly, the "aftermarket goods" mainly include products and services for replacement parts, upgrade, maintenance and enhancement of the use of its original equipment.
Alan Curtis Kay (born May 17, 1940 published by the Association for Computing Machinery 2012) is an American computer scientist.
Alienware is an American computer hardware subsidiary of Dell.
The AMD Accelerated Processing Unit (APU), formerly known as Fusion, is the marketing term for a series of 64-bit microprocessors from Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), designed to act as a central processing unit (CPU) and graphics accelerator unit (GPU) on a single die.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
ARM, previously Advanced RISC Machine, originally Acorn RISC Machine, is a family of reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.
AsusTek Computer Inc. (stylised as ASUSTeK or ΛSUS) is a Taiwanese multinational computer and phone hardware and electronics company headquartered in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan.
The Asus Eee PC is a netbook computer line from Asus, and a part of the Asus Eee product family.
Asus Transformer is a series of 2-in-1 convertibles, detachables and hybrid tablet computers, designed and manufactured by Asus, consisting of three major lineups.
The Asus Vivo lineup consists of laptops (VivoBooks), All-in-Ones (Vivo AiO), desktops (VivoPC), Stick PCs (VivoStick), Mini PCs (VivoMini), smartwatches (VivoWatch), computer mouse (VivoMouse) and tablets (VivoTab).
Ballistic nylon is a thick, tough, nylon fabric with several uses.
The Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 (BSA), also known as the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, is a U.S. law requiring financial institutions in the United States to assist U.S. government agencies to detect and prevent money laundering.
A battery management system (BMS) is any electronic system that manages a rechargeable battery (cell or battery pack), such as by protecting the battery from operating outside its Safe Operating Area, monitoring its state, calculating secondary data, reporting that data, controlling its environment, authenticating it and / or balancing it.
A battery pack is a set of any number of (preferably) identical batteries or individual battery cells.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
A card reader is a data input device that reads data from a card-shaped storage medium.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
A Chromebook is a laptop or tablet running the Linux-based Chrome OS as its operating system.
The Chromebook Pixel is a laptop at the high end of Google's Chromebook family of machines, which all come preinstalled with Chrome OS operating system.
The flip or clamshell is a form factor of a smartphone or other device which is in two or more sections that fold via a hinge.
A classroom is a learning space, a room in which both children and adults learn.
Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet.
Cloud storage is a model of computer data storage in which the digital data is stored in logical pools.
COMDEX (an abbreviation of Computer Dealers' Exhibition) was a computer expo trade show held at various locations in the Las Vegas Valley of Nevada, USA, each November from 1979 to 2003.
Commercial off-the-shelf or commercially available off-the-shelf (COTS) satisfy the needs of the purchasing organization, without the need to commission custom-made, or bespoke, solutions.
Common Building Block (CBB) was a set of technical standards for laptop components introduced by Intel in 2005, and adopted by some manufacturers.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Compal Electronics is a Taiwanese original design manufacturer (ODM), handling the production of notebook computers, monitors and televisions for a variety of clients around the world, including Acer, Lenovo, Dell, Toshiba, Hewlett-Packard and Fujitsu.
Computer Chronicles was an American half-hour television series, broadcast from 1983 to 2002 on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) public television, which documented the rise of the personal computer from its infancy to the immense market at the turn of the 21st century.
A computer fan is any fan inside, or attached to, a computer case used for active cooling, and may refer to fans that draw cooler air into the case from the outside, expel warm air from inside, or move air across a heat sink to cool a particular component.
In computing, the form factor is the specification of a motherboard – the dimensions, power supply type, location of mounting holes, number of ports on the back panel, etc.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
In computer hardware, a port serves as an interface between the computer and other computers or peripheral devices.
Computer speakers, or multimedia speakers, are speakers sold for use with computers, although usually capable of other audio uses, e.g. for an MP3 player.
Cost of goods sold (COGS) refers to the carrying value of goods sold during a particular period.
Credit card fraud is a wide-ranging term for theft and fraud committed using or involving a payment card, such as a credit card or debit card, as a fraudulent source of funds in a transaction.
The Data Protection Act 1998 was a United Kingdom Act of Parliament designed to protect personal data stored on computers or in an organised paper filing system.
A DC connector (or DC plug, for one common type of connector) is an electrical connector for supplying direct current (DC) power.
The early Dell Inspiron models listed here went through a number of changes from 2000 to 2002, so the specifications on each laptop may be incomplete (except for the information on the Dell Insprion 8000, that is all correct.) There are also obviously more early models than these 4, but those have not been added to this.
Demanufacture is a process in the treatment of products and materials for recycling.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
A digital pen or smart pen, is an input device which captures the handwriting or brush strokes of a user and converts handwritten analog information created using "pen and paper" into digital data, enabling the data to be utilized in various applications.
Digital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG).
A DIMM or dual in-line memory module comprises a series of dynamic random-access memory integrated circuits.
Disk encryption is a technology which protects information by converting it into unreadable code that cannot be deciphered easily by unauthorized people.
Disk encryption software is computer security software that protects the confidentiality of data stored on computer media (e.g., a hard disk, floppy disk, or USB device) by using disk encryption.
In computing and video gaming, a docking station or port replicator or dock provides a simplified way of "plugging-in" an electronic device such as the tablet-like hybrid video game console, the Nintendo Switch and laptop computer to common peripherals.
The Dulmont Magnum is an early laptop computer designed and marketed by Dulmont Pty Ltd in Australia in the early 1980s.
The KiddiComp concept, envisioned by Alan Kay in 1968 while a PhD candidate, and later developed and described as the Dynabook in his 1972 proposal "A personal computer for children of all ages", outlines the requirements for a conceptual portable educational device that would offer similar functionality to that now supplied via a laptop computer or (in some of its other incarnations) a tablet or slate computer with the exception of the requirement for any Dynabook device offering near eternal battery life.
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.
Epargyreus clarus, the silver-spotted skipper, is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae.
The Epson HX-20 (also known as the HC-20) was the first laptop computer.
An ergonomic keyboard is a computer keyboard designed with ergonomic considerations to minimize muscle strain and a host of related problems.
Erythema ab igne (EAI), also known as hot water bottle rash, is a skin condition caused by long-term exposure to heat (infrared radiation).
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
Evolution-Data Optimized (EV-DO, EVDO, etc.) is a telecommunications standard for the wireless transmission of data through radio signals, typically for broadband Internet access.
ExpressCard, initially called NEWCARD, is an interface to connect peripheral devices to a computer, usually a laptop computer.
Facta may refer to.
The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) is a financial regulatory body in the United Kingdom, but operates independently of the UK Government, and is financed by charging fees to members of the financial services industry.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Form factor is an aspect of hardware design which defines and prescribes the size, shape, and other physical specifications of components, particularly in consumer electronics and electronic packaging.
A function key is a key on a computer or terminal keyboard which can be programmed so as to cause an operating system command interpreter or application program to perform certain actions, a form of soft key.
The Gavilan SC was a laptop computer, and was the first ever to be marketed as a "laptop".
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Talk (also known as Google Chat) is an instant messaging service that provides both text and voice communication.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
The Grid Compass (written GRiD by its manufacturer GRiD Systems Corporation) was one of the first laptop computers.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) was enacted by the United States Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996.
A heat pipe is a heat-transfer device that combines the principles of both thermal conductivity and phase transition to effectively transfer heat between two solid interfaces.
A heat sink (also commonly spelled heatsink) is a passive heat exchanger that transfers the heat generated by an electronic or a mechanical device to a fluid medium, often air or a liquid coolant, where it is dissipated away from the device, thereby allowing regulation of the device's temperature at optimal levels.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) is an amalgamation of two mobile protocols, High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) and High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA), that extends and improves the performance of existing 3G mobile telecommunication networks using the WCDMA protocols.
The HP Envy (pronounced "H-P-N-V", stylized as HP ENVY) series is a line of laptops and other products manufactured and sold by Hewlett-Packard.
The IBM 5100 Portable Computer is a portable computer (one of the first) introduced in September 1975, six years before the IBM Personal Computer.
The IBM PALM processor (Put All Logic in Microcode) is a board-level 16-bit central processing unit used in the IBM 5100 Portable Computer, a predecessor of the IBM PC.
The iBook is a line of laptop computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1999 to 2006.
Identity theft is the deliberate use of someone else's identity, usually as a method to gain a financial advantage or obtain credit and other benefits in the other person's name, and perhaps to the other person's disadvantage or loss.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
The Information Processing Society of Japan ("IPSJ") is a Japanese learned society for computing.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
The Infrared Data Association (IrDA) is an industry-driven interest group that was founded in 1993 by around 50 companies.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
Intel Core is a line of mid-to-high end consumer, workstation, and enthusiast central processing units (CPU) marketed by Intel Corporation.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
ISO 216 specifies international standard (ISO) paper sizes used in most countries in the world today, although not in Canada, the United States, Mexico, or the Dominican Republic.
A Kensington Security Slot (also called a K-Slot or Kensington lock) is part of an anti-theft system designed and patented by Kryptonite in 1999–2000,Security anchor/tether assemblage for portable articles: and (Cornelius McDaid, John Ristuccia, Kryptonite Corporation - priority date: 1999-06-21) assigned to Schlage in 2002, and since 2005 owned and marketed by Kensington Computer Products Group, a division of ACCO Brands.
In cryptography, a key is a piece of information (a parameter) that determines the functional output of a cryptographic algorithm.
A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.
A lap is a surface (usually horizontal) created between the knee and hips of a biped when it is in a seated or lying down position.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Laptop charging trolleys, also known as laptop trolleys or laptop carts, are mobile storage containers to charge laptops, netbooks and tablet computers en masse.
A laptop/notebook cooler, cooler pad or chill mat is an accessory for laptop computers that helps reduce their operating temperature, which is normally used when the laptop is unable to sufficiently cool itself.
Laptop theft is a significant threat to users of laptop and netbook computers.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
A legacy port is a computer port or connector that is considered by some to be fully or partially superseded.
Lenovo Yoga (stylized as Lenovo YOGA or simply as YOGΛ) is a range of laptop and tablet computer products from Lenovo, named for their ability to assume multiple form factors due to a hinged screen.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
This list of computer size categories attempts to list commonly used categories of computer by the physical size of the device and its chassis or case, in descending order of size.
This is a list of laptop brands and manufacturers.
A lithium polymer battery, or more correctly lithium-ion polymer battery (abbreviated as LiPo, LIP, Li-poly, lithium-poly and others), is a rechargeable battery of lithium-ion technology using a polymer electrolyte instead of a liquid electrolyte.
A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery (abbreviated as LIB) is a type of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging.
LRPu or low-resilience polyurethane is a material distinguished by an "ability to slowly return to its original shape" (viscosity).
M.2, formerly known as the Next Generation Form Factor (NGFF), is a specification from 2013 for internally mounted computer expansion cards and associated connectors.
The MacBook is a brand of notebook computers manufactured by Apple Inc. from May 2006 to February 2012, and relaunched in 2015.
The MacBook Air is a line of Macintosh subnotebook computers developed and manufactured by Apple Inc. It consists of a full-size keyboard, a machined aluminum case, and a thin light structure.
The MacBook Pro (sometimes abbreviated as MBP) is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006 by Apple Inc.
The Macintosh Portable is a laptop designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1989 to October 1991.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Mains electricity (as it is known in the UK; US terms include grid power, wall power, and domestic power) is the general-purpose alternating-current (AC) electric power supply.
Media consumption or media diet is the sum of information and entertainment media taken in by an individual or group.
A memory card, flash card or memory cartridge is an electronic flash memory data storage device used for storing digital information.
Micral is a series of microcomputers produced by the French company Réalisation d'Études Électroniques (R2E), beginning with the Micral N in early 1973.
Microfiber (or microfibre) is synthetic fiber finer than one denier or decitex/thread, having a diameter of less than ten micrometres.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
Microsoft Surface is a series of touchscreen Windows personal computers and interactive whiteboards designed and developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
The Mini DisplayPort (MiniDP or mDP) is a miniaturized version of the DisplayPort audio-visual digital interface.
Miniaturization (Br.Eng.: Miniaturisation) is the trend to manufacture ever smaller mechanical, optical and electronic products and devices.
Mobile broadband is the marketing term for wireless Internet access through a portable modem, USB wireless modem, tablet/smartphone or other mobile device.
Mobile computing is human–computer interaction by which a computer is expected to be transported during normal usage, which allows for transmission of data, voice and video.
A mobile Internet device (MID) is a multimedia-capable mobile device providing wireless Internet access.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
The MSI Wind Netbook was a family of subnotebooks / netbooks designed by Micro-Star International (MSI).
In computing, multi-touch is technology that enables a surface (a trackpad or touchscreen) to recognize the presence of more than one or more than two points of contact with the surface.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Neoprene (also polychloroprene or pc-rubber) is a family of synthetic rubbers that are produced by polymerization of chloroprene.
Netbook is a generic name given to a category of small, lightweight, legacy-free, and inexpensive laptop computers that were introduced in 2007.
Network-attached storage (NAS) is a file-level computer data storage server connected to a computer network providing data access to a heterogeneous group of clients.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
A niche market is the subset of the market on which a specific product is focused.
A nickel metal hydride battery, abbreviated NiMH or Ni–MH, is a type of rechargeable battery.
Non-volatile memory (NVM) or non-volatile storage is a type of computer memory that can retrieve stored information even after having been power cycled.
A notebook (notepad, writing pad, drawing pad, legal pad) is a small book or binder of paper pages, often ruled, used for purposes such as recording notes or memoranda, writing, drawing or scrapbooking.
A notebook processor is a CPU optimized for notebook computers.
Novena is an open-source computing hardware project designed by Andrew "bunnie" Huang and Sean "Xobs" Cross.
Nvidia Optimus is a computer GPU switching technology created by Nvidia which, depending on the resource load generated by client software applications, will seamlessly switch between two graphics adapters within a computer system in order to provide either maximum performance or minimum power draw from the system's graphics rendering hardware.
The OLPC XO, previously known as the $100 Laptop, Children's Machine, and 2B1, is an inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children in developing countries around the world, to provide them with access to knowledge, and opportunities to "explore, experiment and express themselves" (constructionist learning).
XO-3 was a design for a tablet/e-book reader intended to be developed under the One Laptop per Child initiative, but the project was cancelled in November 2012, replaced by the XO tablet.
One Laptop per Child (OLPC) is a non-profit initiative established with the goal of transforming education for children around the world; this goal was to be achieved by creating and distributing educational devices for the developing world, and by creating software and content for those devices.
Open plan is the generic term used in architectural and interior design for any floor plan which makes use of large, open spaces and minimizes the use of small, enclosed rooms such as private offices.
Open-source computing hardware comprises computers and computer components with an open design.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computing, an optical disc drive (ODD) is a disc drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.
An original design manufacturer (ODM) is a company that designs and manufactures a product, as specified, that is eventually rebranded by another firm for sale.
The Osborne 1 was the first commercially successful portable microcomputer, released on April 3, 1981, by Osborne Computer Corporation.
Overclocking is configuration of computer hardware components to operate faster than certified by the original manufacturer, with "faster" specified as clock frequency in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz).
A parallel port is a type of interface found on computers (personal and otherwise) for connecting peripherals.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
In computing, PC Card is a configuration for computer parallel communication peripheral interface, designed for laptop computers.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
A peripheral device is "an ancillary device used to put information into and get information out of the computer." Three categories of peripheral devices exist based on their relationship with the computer.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
The Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA) was a group of computer hardware manufacturers, operating under that name from 1989 to 2009/2010.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
A pointing stick is an isometric joystick used as a pointing device, as with a touchpad or trackball, typically mounted in a computer keyboard.
A portable computer was a computer designed to be easily moved from one place to another and included a display and keyboard.
Portal R2E CCMC was a portable microcomputer designed and marketed by the studies and developments department of the French firm R2E Micral and officially appeared in September 1980 at the Sicob show in Paris.
A power cord, line cord, or mains cable is an electrical cable that temporarily connects an appliance to the mains electricity supply via a wall socket or extension cord.
Power Management is a feature of some electrical appliances, especially copiers, computers, GPUs and computer peripherals such as monitors and printers, that turns off the power or switches the system to a low-power state when inactive.
A power supply is an electrical device that supplies electric power to an electrical load.
The PowerBook (known as Macintosh PowerBook before 1997) is a family of Macintosh laptop computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1991 to 2006.
AMD PowerNow! is AMD's dynamic frequency scaling and power saving technology for laptop processors.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
Price points are prices at which demand for a given product is supposed to stay relatively high.
Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive on Privacy and Electronic Communications, otherwise known as ePrivacy Directive (ePD), is an EU directive on data protection and privacy in the digital age.
In computing, a processor or processing unit is an electronic circuit which performs operations on some external data source, usually memory or some other data stream.
Proprietary hardware is computer hardware whose interface is controlled by the proprietor, often under patent or trade-secret protection.
The PS/2 port is a 6-pin mini-DIN connector used for connecting keyboards and mice to a PC compatible computer system.
Quanta Computer Incorporated is a Taiwan-based manufacturer of notebook computers and other electronic hardware.
RadioShack, formally RadioShack Corporation, is the trade name of an American retailer founded in 1921, which operates a chain of electronics stores.
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks, originally Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks) is a data storage virtualization technology that combines multiple physical disk drive components into one or more logical units for the purposes of data redundancy, performance improvement, or both.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
A repetitive strain injury (RSI, also known as work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs), is an "injury to the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained or awkward positions".
In business travel, a road warrior is a person that uses mobile devices such as tablet, laptop, smartphone and internet connectivity while traveling to conduct business.
Robbins v. Lower Merion School District is a federal class action lawsuit, brought in February 2010 on behalf of students of two high schools in Lower Merion Township, Pennsylvania a suburb of Philadelphia.
A rugged (or ruggedized, but also ruggedised) computer is a computer specifically designed to operate reliably in harsh usage environments and conditions, such as strong vibrations, extreme temperatures and wet or dusty conditions.
S-Video (also known as separate video and Y/C) is a signaling standard for standard definition video, typically 480i or 576i.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002, also known as the "Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act" (in the Senate) and "Corporate and Auditing Accountability, Responsibility, and Transparency Act" (in the House) and more commonly called Sarbanes–Oxley, Sarbox or SOX, is a United States federal law that set new or expanded requirements for all U.S. public company boards, management and public accounting firms.
Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.
(Epson being an abbreviation for "Son of Electronic Printer"), or simply Epson, is a Japanese electronics company and one of the world's largest manufacturers of computer printers, and information and imaging related equipment.
was a branch of the Japanese company Seiko that produced clocks, watches, shutters, computer printers and other devices.
A semen analysis (plural: semen analyses), also called "seminogram" evaluates certain characteristics of a male's semen and the sperm contained therein.
Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
In computing, a serial port is a serial communication interface through which information transfers in or out one bit at a time (in contrast to a parallel port).
The Sharp PC-5000 was a pioneering laptop computer, announced by Sharp Corporation of Japan in 1983.
Skype is a telecommunications application software product that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet and to regular telephones.
A smart battery or a smart battery pack is a rechargeable battery pack with a built-in battery management system (BMS), usually designed for use in a portable computer such as a laptop.
A smartbook was a class of mobile device that combined certain features of both a smartphone and netbook computer, produced between 2009 and 2010.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
A SO-DIMM, SODIMM, or small outline dual in-line memory module, is a type of computer memory built using integrated circuits.
Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), indirectly using concentrated solar power, or a combination.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
Spawn is the eggs and sperm released or deposited into water by aquatic animals.
Enhanced SpeedStep is a series of dynamic frequency scaling technologies (codenamed Geyserville and including SpeedStep, SpeedStep II, and SpeedStep III) built into some Intel microprocessors that allow the clock speed of the processor to be dynamically changed (to different P-states) by software.
The State University of New York (SUNY) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States.
Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
STS-43, the ninth mission for Space Shuttle ''Atlantis'', was a nine-day mission whose primary goal was launching the fourth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, TDRS-E. The flight also tested an advanced heatpipe radiator for potential use on the then-future space station and conducted a variety of medical and materials science investigations.
In computing, a stylus (or stylus pen) is a small pen-shaped instrument that is used to input commands to a computer screen, mobile device or graphics tablet.
A subscriber identity module or subscriber identification module (SIM), widely known as a SIM card, is an integrated circuit that is intended to securely store the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) number and its related key, which are used to identify and authenticate subscribers on mobile telephony devices (such as mobile phones and computers).
The first-generation Surface (launched as Surface with Windows RT, later marketed as Surface RT) is a hybrid tablet computer developed and manufactured by Microsoft.
Surface 2 is a Surface-series Windows RT hybrid tablet computer created by Microsoft.
The Surface Book is a 2-in-1 PC designed and produced by Microsoft, part of the company's Surface line of personal computing devices.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
A technical standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.
This article describe science and technology convergence, with illustrations to convergence of emerging technologies (NBIC, nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive technologies) and convergence of media technology.
Tethering, or phone-as-modem (PAM), is the sharing of a mobile device's internet connection with other connected computers.
In common usage, theft is the taking of another person's property or services without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.
ThinkPad is a line of laptop computers and tablets developed by Lenovo.
Thunderbolt is the brand name of a hardware interface standard developed by Intel (in collaboration with Apple) that allows the connection of external peripherals to a computer.
The T1100 was a laptop manufactured by Toshiba in 1985, and has subsequently been described by Toshiba as "the world's first mass-market laptop computer".
A touchpad or trackpad is a pointing device featuring a tactile sensor, a specialized surface that can translate the motion and position of a user's fingers to a relative position on the operating system that is made output to the screen.
A touchscreen is an input and output device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
Ultra-low-voltage processors are a class of microprocessor that are deliberately underclocked to use less power (typically at or under 17W) at the expense of performance.
Ultrabook is an Intel specification and trademark for a line of high-end subnotebook computers featuring reduced bulk without compromising battery life.
An uninterruptible power supply or uninterruptible power source (UPS) is an electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when the input power source or mains power fails.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
USB 3.0 is the third major version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard for interfacing computers and electronic devices.
USB-C, formally known as USB Type-C, is a 24-pin USB connector system, which is distinguished by its two-fold rotational-symmetrical connector.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
VIA OpenBook is a laptop reference design from VIA Technologies, announced in 2008.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Waste heat is heat that is produced by a machine, or other process that uses energy, as a byproduct of doing work.
Waterproofing is the process of making an object or structure waterproof or water-resistant so that it remains relatively unaffected by water or resisting the ingress of water under specified conditions.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.
is a weekly ''shōnen'' manga anthology published in Japan by Shueisha under the Jump line of magazines.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 8.1 (codenamed Blue) is a computer operating system released by Microsoft.
Windows RT is a discontinued mobile operating system developed by Microsoft.
A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
In laptop computing, the XJACK is a type of extendable connector or antenna for a type II PC card, designed by the Megahertz subsidiary of 3Com.
Zenbook (also known as ZenBook) are a family of ultrabooks – low-bulk laptop computers – produced by Asus.
Zilog, Inc. is an American manufacturer of 8-bit and 16-bit microcontrollers.
The Z80 CPU is an 8-bit based microprocessor.
16:10 is an aspect ratio mostly used for computer displays and tablet computers.
16:9 (1.7:1) (16:9.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
The 8mm video format refers informally to three related videocassette formats for the NTSC and PAL/SECAM television systems.
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