112 relations: Adyghe language, Affricate consonant, Africa, Airstream mechanism, Albanian language, Allophone, Alveolar consonant, Alveolar lateral ejective affricate, Alveolar lateral ejective fricative, American English, Ao languages, Approximant consonant, Archi language, Athabaskan languages, Australia, Australian Aboriginal languages, Bantu languages, Bird vocalization, Brazilian Portuguese, Chukchi language, Click consonant, Consonant, Dahalo language, Delateralization, Dental and alveolar lateral flaps, Dental consonant, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants, Donald Duck talk, East Slavic languages, Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet, French language, Fricative consonant, Gǀui dialect, Hadza language, Hän language, Ilgar, Index of phonetics articles, Indigenous languages of the Americas, Irish language, Iwaidja language, Kabardian language, Kanite language, Khoisan languages, Kutenai language, L-vocalization, Labiodental consonant, Laghuu language, Languages of India, Laryngeal consonant, Lateral clicks, ..., Lateral flap, Lateral nasal click, Lateral release (phonetics), Lhasa (prefecture-level city), Liquid consonant, Lisp, Melpa language, Modern South Arabian languages, Mongolian language, Muji language, Nasal consonant, Navajo language, Nii language, Nuu-chah-nulth language, Old Arabic, Old French, Pacific Northwest, Palatal lateral approximant, Palatal lateral ejective affricate, Palatal lateral flap, Pashto, Place of articulation, Polish language, Retroflex lateral approximant, Retroflex lateral flap, Sandawe language, Spanish language, Standard Tibetan, Stop consonant, Swedish dialects, Taa language, Tigak language, Tlingit language, Toda language, Trill consonant, Uvular lateral approximant, Varieties of Arabic, Velar lateral ejective affricate, Velar lateral tap, Venetian language, Vistula, Voiced alveolar lateral affricate, Voiced dental and alveolar lateral fricatives, Voiced retroflex lateral fricative, Voiced velar lateral affricate, Voiced velar lateral approximant, Voiced velar lateral fricative, Voiceless alveolar lateral affricate, Voiceless dental and alveolar lateral fricatives, Voiceless dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants, Voiceless palatal lateral affricate, Voiceless palatal lateral approximant, Voiceless palatal lateral fricative, Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative, Voiceless velar lateral affricate, Voiceless velar lateral fricative, Wahgi language, Wayuu language, Welsh language, Welsh phonology, Xhosa language, Zulu language. Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
Adyghe (or; Adyghe: Адыгабзэ, Adygabzæ), also known as West Circassian (КӀахыбзэ, K’axybzæ), is one of the two official languages of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation, the other being Russian. It is spoken by various tribes of the Adyghe people: Abzekh, Adamey, Bzhedug, Hatuqwai, Temirgoy, Mamkhegh, Natekuay, Shapsug, Zhaney and Yegerikuay, each with its own dialect. The language is referred to by its speakers as Adygebze or Adəgăbză, and alternatively transliterated in English as Adygean, Adygeyan or Adygei. The literary language is based on the Temirgoy dialect. There are apparently around 128,000 speakers of Adyghe in Russia, almost all of them native speakers. In total, some 300,000 speak it worldwide. The largest Adyghe-speaking community is in Turkey, spoken by the post Russian–Circassian War (circa 1763–1864) diaspora; in addition to that, the Adyghe language is spoken by the Cherkesogai in Krasnodar Krai. Adyghe belongs to the family of Northwest Caucasian languages. Kabardian (also known as East Circassian) is a very close relative, treated by some as a dialect of Adyghe or of an overarching Circassian language. Ubykh, Abkhaz and Abaza are somewhat more distantly related to Adyghe. The language was standardised after the October Revolution in 1917. Since 1936, the Cyrillic script has been used to write Adyghe. Before that, an Arabic-based alphabet was used together with the Latin.
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
In phonetics, the airstream mechanism is the method by which airflow is created in the vocal tract.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
The alveolar lateral ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar lateral ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, reported in the Northwest Caucasian languages.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The Ao languages or Central Naga languages are a small family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken by the Ao of north-central Nagaland in northeast India.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
Archi is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken by the Archis in the village of Archib, southern Dagestan, Russia, and the six surrounding smaller villages.
Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Dene, Athapascan, Athapaskan) is a large family of indigenous languages of North America, located in western North America in three groups of contiguous languages: Northern, Pacific Coast and Southern (or Apachean).
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Aboriginal languages consist of around 290–363 languages belonging to an estimated twenty-eight language families and isolates, spoken by Aboriginal Australians of mainland Australia and a few nearby islands.
The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
Bird vocalization includes both bird calls and bird songs.
Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil or português brasileiro) is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language used mostly in Brazil.
Chukchi is a Chukotko–Kamchatkan language spoken by the Chukchi people in the easternmost extremity of Siberia, mainly in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.
Click consonants, or clicks, are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of Southern Africa and in three languages of East Africa.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
Dahalo is an endangered Cushitic language spoken by at most 400 Dahalo people on the coast of Kenya, near the mouth of the Tana River.
Delateralization is a replacement of a lateral consonant by a central consonant.
The alveolar lateral flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
The alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Donald Duck talk, formally called buccal speech, is an alaryngeal form of vocalization which uses the inner cheek to produce sound rather than the larynx.
The East Slavic languages constitute one of three regional subgroups of Slavic languages, currently spoken throughout Eastern Europe, Northern Asia, and the Caucasus.
The extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet, also extIPA symbols for disordered speech or simply extIPA, are a set of letters and diacritics devised by the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association to augment the International Phonetic Alphabet for the phonetic transcription of disordered speech.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
Gǀui or Gǀwi (pronounced in English, and also spelled ǀGwi, Dcui, Gcwi, or Cgui) is a Khoe dialect of Botswana with 2,500 speakers (2004 Cook).
Hadza is a language isolate spoken along the shores of Lake Eyasi in Tanzania by around 1,000 Hadza people, the last full-time hunter-gatherers in Africa.
The Hän language (Dawson, Han-Kutchin, Moosehide) is an Athabaskan language spoken primarily in Eagle, Alaska (United States) and Dawson City, Yukon (Canada), though there are also speakers in Fairbanks, Alaska.
Ilgar or ILGAR may refer to.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
Iwaidja, in phonemic spelling Iwaja, is an Australian aboriginal language with about 150 speakers in northernmost Australia.
Kabardian (адыгэбзэ, къэбэрдей адыгэбзэ, къэбэрдейбзэ; Adyghe: адыгэбзэ, къэбэртай адыгабзэ, къэбэртайбзэ), also known as Kabardino-Cherkess (къэбэрдей-черкесыбзэ) or, is a Northwest Caucasian language closely related to the Adyghe language.
Kanite is a Papuan language spoken in Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea.
The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are a group of African languages originally classified together by Joseph Greenberg.
The Kutenai language, also Kootenai, Kootenay, Ktunaxa, and Ksanka, is the native language of the Kutenai people of Montana and Idaho in the United States and British Columbia in Canada.
L-vocalization, in linguistics, is a process by which a lateral approximant sound such as, or, more often, velarized, is replaced by a vowel or a semivowel.
In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
Laghuu (Vietnamese: Xá Phó, Phù Lá Lão) is a Loloish language spoken in northwestern Vietnam.
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
Laryngeal consonants (a term often used interchangeably with guttural consonants) are consonants with their primary articulation in the larynx.
The lateral clicks are a family of click consonants found only in African languages.
A lateral flap is a family of consonantal sounds, used in some spoken languages.
The lateral nasal click is a click consonant found primarily among the languages of southern Africa.
In phonetics, a lateral release is the release of a plosive consonant into a lateral consonant.
Lhasa is a prefecture-level city, formerly a prefecture until 7 January 1960, one of the main administrative divisions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
In phonetics, liquids or liquid consonants are a class of consonants consisting of lateral consonants like 'l' together with rhotics like 'r'.
A lisp, also known as sigmatism, is a speech impediment in which a person misarticulates sibilants,. These misarticulations often result in unclear speech.
Melpa (also written Medlpa) is a Papuan language spoken by about 130,000 people predominantly in Mount Hagen and the surrounding district of Western Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea.
The Modern South Arabian languages (Eastern South Semitic or Eastern South Arabian) are spoken mainly by small populations inhabiting the Arabian Peninsula, in Yemen and Oman.
The Mongolian language (in Mongolian script: Moŋɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: монгол хэл, mongol khel.) is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family.
Muji, or Bokha, is a Loloish language cluster spoken by the Phula people of China.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
Navajo or Navaho (Navajo: Diné bizaad or Naabeehó bizaad) is a Southern Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené family, by which it is related to languages spoken across the western areas of North America.
Nii is a Trans–New Guinea language of the Chimbu–Wahgi branch spoken in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nuučaan̓uł), also known as Nootka, is a Wakashan language spoken in the Pacific Northwest of North America on the west coast of Vancouver Island, from Barkley Sound to Quatsino Sound in British Columbia by the Nuu-chah-nulth peoples.
Old Arabic is the earliest attested stage of the Arabic language, beginning with the first attestation of personal names in the 9th century BC, and culminating in the codification of Classical Arabic beginning in the 7th century AD.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.
The palatal lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The palatal lateral ejective affricate is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The palatal lateral flap is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Pashto (پښتو Pax̌tō), sometimes spelled Pukhto, is the language of the Pashtuns.
In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
The retroflex lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The retroflex lateral flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Sandawe is a "click language" spoken by about 60,000 Sandawe people in the Dodoma region of Tanzania.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Standard Tibetan is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Swedish dialects are the various forms of the Swedish language, particularly those that differ considerably from Standard Swedish.
Taa, also known as ǃXóõ (ǃKhong, ǃXoon – pronounced), is a Tuu language notable for its large number of phonemes, perhaps the largest in the world.
Tigak (or Omo) is an Austronesian language spoken by about 6,000 people (in 1991) in the Kavieng District of New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea.
The Tlingit language (Lingít) is spoken by the Tlingit people of Southeast Alaska and Western Canada.
Toda is a Dravidian language noted for its many fricatives and trills.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
The uvular lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
There are many varieties of Arabic (dialects or otherwise) in existence.
The velar lateral ejective affricate is a rare type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar lateral tap is an allophone of the velar lateral approximant in some languages of New Guinea, such as Kanite and Melpa.
Venetian or Venetan (Venetian: vèneto, vènet or łéngua vèneta) is a Romance language spoken as a native language by almost four million people in the northeast of Italy,Ethnologue.
The Vistula (Wisła, Weichsel,, ווייסל), Висла) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at in length. The drainage basin area of the Vistula is, of which lies within Poland (54% of its land area). The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia. The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka). It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).
The voiced alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced retroflex lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound.
The voiced velar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number of spoken languages in the world.
The voiced velar lateral fricative is a very rare speech sound that can be found in Archi, a Northeast Caucasian language of Dagestan, in which it is clearly a fricative, although further forward than velars in most languages, and might better be called prevelar.
The voiceless alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Features of the voiceless alveolar lateral approximant.
The voiceless palatal lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless palatal lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless palatal lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a few spoken languages.
The voiceless retroflex lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar lateral affricate is an uncommon speech sound found as a phoneme in the Caucasus and as an allophone in several languages of eastern and southern Africa.
The voiceless velar lateral fricative is a very rare speech sound.
Wahgi is a Trans–New Guinea language of the Chimbu–Wahgi branch spoken by approximately 100,000 people in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.
The Wayuu language, or Goajiro (Wayuu: Wayuunaiki), is spoken by 305,000 indigenous Wayuu people in northwestern Venezuela and northeastern Colombia on the Guajira Peninsula.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
The phonology of Welsh is characterised by a number of sounds that do not occur in English and are rare in European languages, such as the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative and several voiceless sonorants (nasals and liquids), some of which result from consonant mutation.
Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.
Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa.
Lateral affricate, Lateral approximant, Lateral approximant consonant, Lateral consonants, Lateral fricative, Lateral obstruent, Lateral sound, Obstruent lateral, Obstruent laterals, Rhotic lateral, Voiced grooved lateral alveolar fricative, Voiced lateral-plus-median alveolar fricative, Voiceless grooved lateral alveolar fricative, Voiceless lateral affricate, Voiceless lateral-plus-median alveolar fricative.