109 relations: Air launch to orbit, Amateur rocketry, Apsis, ARCA Space Corporation, Ariane 5, Arianespace, Atlas (rocket family), Atlas V, Atmospheric entry, Autonomous spaceport drone ship, Ballistic coefficient, BFR (rocket), Blue Origin, Broglio Space Centre, Buran (spacecraft), Comparison of orbital launch systems, Delta IV, Delta-v, Escape velocity, European Space Agency, Expendable launch system, Falcon 9, Falcon 9 Full Thrust, Falcon Heavy, Falcon Heavy test flight, Federal Aviation Administration, Geocentric orbit, Grasshopper (rocket), Gravity drag, Heavy-lift launch vehicle, High Earth orbit, Human spaceflight, Instrumentation, Intercontinental ballistic missile, Interplanetary spaceflight, ITS launch vehicle, JP Aerospace, Landing Zones 1 and 2, Launch pad, Launch vehicle, LauncherOne, List of human spaceflights, List of missiles, List of orbital launch systems, Low Earth orbit, Medium-lift launch vehicle, Mercury-Redstone 3, Mercury-Redstone 4, Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, Missile, ..., Missile launch facility, Missile vehicle, Multistage rocket, National Geographic (U.S. TV channel), National Geographic Society, NATO reporting name, New Glenn, New Shepard, NewSpace, Non-rocket spacelaunch, Office of Commercial Space Transportation, Orbital spaceflight, Outer space, Pegasus (rocket), Private spaceflight, Project Mercury, Propellant depot, Proton (rocket family), Reusable launch system, Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee, Rocket, Rocket launch, Rockoon, Satellite, Sea Launch, Sheldon names, Shtil', Single-stage-to-orbit, Small-lift launch vehicle, Sounding rocket, Soyuz-2, Space exploration, Space logistics, Space Shuttle, Space tourism, Space vehicle, Spaceflight, SpaceNews, Spaceplane, Spaceport, SpaceShipOne, SpaceShipTwo, SpaceX, SpaceX reusable launch system development program, Starsem, Stratolaunch Systems, Strela (rocket), Sub-orbital spaceflight, Submarine-launched ballistic missile, Super heavy-lift launch vehicle, Takeoff and landing, Timeline of spaceflight, United Launch Alliance, Vega (rocket), Virgin Galactic, Volna, VTVL, Warhead, Zero 2 Infinity. Expand index (59 more) » « Shrink index
Air launch to orbit is the method of launching rockets at altitude from a conventional horizontal-takeoff aircraft, to carry satellites to low Earth orbit.
Amateur rocketry, sometimes known as experimental rocketry or amateur experimental rocketry, is a hobby in which participants experiment with fuels and make their own rocket motors, launching a wide variety of types and sizes of rockets.
An apsis (ἁψίς; plural apsides, Greek: ἁψῖδες) is an extreme point in the orbit of an object.
ARCA Space Corporation is an aerospace company based in Las Cruces, New Mexico United States, that builds space rockets and other manned and unmanned aircraft intended for space exploration.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
Arianespace SA is a multinational company founded in 1980 as the world's first commercial launch service provider.
Atlas is a family of American missiles and space launch vehicles.
Atlas V ("V" is pronounced "Five") is an expendable launch system in the Atlas rocket family.
Atmospheric entry is the movement of an object from outer space into and through the gases of an atmosphere of a planet, dwarf planet or natural satellite.
An autonomous spaceport drone ship (ASDS) is an ocean-going vessel derived from a deck barge, outfitted with station-keeping engines and a large landing platform.
In ballistics, the ballistic coefficient (BC) of a body is a measure of its ability to overcome air resistance in flight.
BFR is a privately funded next-generation reusable launch vehicle and spacecraft system developed by SpaceX.
Blue Origin, LLC is an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and spaceflight services company headquartered in Kent, Washington.
The Luigi Broglio Space Center (BSC) is an Italian-owned spaceport near Malindi, Kenya, named after its founder and Italian space pioneer Luigi Broglio.
Buran (Бура́н,, meaning "Snowstorm" or "Blizzard"; GRAU index serial number: "11F35 K1") was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran programme.
This is a comparison of orbital launch systems.
Delta IV is an expendable launch system in the Delta rocket family.
Delta-v (literally "change in velocity"), symbolised as ∆v and pronounced delta-vee, as used in spacecraft flight dynamics, is a measure of the impulse that is needed to perform a maneuver such as launch from, or landing on a planet or moon, or in-space orbital maneuver.
In physics, escape velocity is the minimum speed needed for an object to escape from the gravitational influence of a massive body.
The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
An expendable launch vehicle (ELV) is a launch system or launch vehicle stage that is used only once to carry a payload into space.
Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicles, named for its use of nine Merlin first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
Falcon 9 Full Thrust (also known as Falcon 9 v1.2, with Block 3, Block 4 and Block 5 variants) is a partially reusable medium-lift launch vehicle, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable heavy-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
The Falcon Heavy Test Flight (also known as Falcon Heavy demonstration mission) was the first attempt by SpaceX to launch a Falcon Heavy rocket on February 6, 2018 at 20:45UTC.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
A geocentric orbit or Earth orbit involves any object orbiting Planet Earth, such as the Moon or artificial satellites.
Grasshopper and the Falcon 9 Reusable Development Vehicles (F9R Dev, initially designated Grasshopper v1.1) were experimental technology-demonstrator reusable rockets that performed vertical takeoffs and landings.
In astrodynamics and rocketry, gravity drag (or gravity losses) is a measure of the loss in the net performance of a rocket while it is thrusting in a gravitational field.
A heavy-lift launch vehicle, HLV or HLLV, is an orbital launch vehicle capable of lifting between 20,000 to 50,000 kg to low Earth orbit (LEO).
A high Earth orbit is a geocentric orbit with an altitude entirely above that of a geosynchronous orbit.
Human spaceflight (also referred to as crewed spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew or passengers aboard the spacecraft.
Instrumentation is a collective term for measuring instruments used for indicating, measuring and recording physical quantities, and has its origins in the art and science of scientific instrument-making.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
Interplanetary spaceflight or interplanetary travel is travel between planets, usually within a single planetary system.
The ITS launch vehicle was a 2016 design for a privately funded orbital launch vehicle to be developed by SpaceX.
JP Aerospace is an American company that aims to achieve affordable access to space.
Landing Zone 1 and Landing Zone 2, also known as LZ-1 and LZ-2, is a landing facility for recovering components of SpaceX's VTVL reusable launch vehicles.
A launch pad is an above-ground platform from which a rocket-powered missile or space vehicle is vertically launched.
A launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface through outer space, either to another surface point (suborbital), or into space (Earth orbit or beyond).
LauncherOne is an two stage orbital launch vehicle under development by Virgin Orbit since the 2010s.
These chronological lists include all crewed spaceflights that reached an altitude of at least 100 km (the FAI definition of spaceflight, see Kármán line), or were launched with that intention but failed.
Below is a list of missiles, sorted alphabetically by name.
This is a list of conventional orbital launch systems.
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
A medium-lift launch vehicle - MLV a rocket orbital launch vehicle that is capable of lifting between of payload into Low Earth orbit - LEO.
Mercury-Redstone 3, or Freedom 7, was the first United States human spaceflight, on May 5, 1961, piloted by astronaut Alan Shepard.
Mercury-Redstone 4 was the second United States human spaceflight, on July 21, 1961.
The Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, designed for NASA's Project Mercury, was the first American manned space booster.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
A missile launch facility, also known as an underground missile silo, launch facility (LF), or nuclear silo, is a vertical cylindrical structure constructed underground, for the storage and launching of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).
In the military, vehicles such as trucks or tractor units can be used to transport or launch missiles (rockets with warheads), essentially a form of rocket artillery.
A multistage rocket, or step rocket is a launch vehicle that uses two or more rocket stages, each of which contains its own engines and propellant.
National Geographic (formerly National Geographic Channel and also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo or Nat Geo TV) is an American digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by National Geographic Partners, majority-owned by 21st Century Fox with the remainder owned by the National Geographic Society.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
NATO reporting names are code names for military equipment of Russia, China, and, historically, the former Eastern Bloc (Soviet Union and other nations of the Warsaw Pact).
The New Glenn is a privately funded orbital launch vehicle in development by Blue Origin.
The New Shepard reusable launch system is a vertical-takeoff, vertical-landing (VTVL), suborbital crewed rocket that is being developed by Blue Origin as a commercial system for suborbital space tourism.
NewSpace—formerly alt.space; also new space, entrepreneurial space, astropreneurship, and commercial space—are umbrella terms for a movement and philosophy encompassing a globally emerging, private spaceflight industry.
Non-rocket spacelaunch refers to concepts for launch into space where some or all of the needed speed and altitude are provided by something other than rockets, or by other than expendable rockets.
The Office of Commercial Space Transportation (generally referred to as FAA/AST or simply AST) is the branch of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that approves any commercial rocket launch operations — that is, any launches that are not classified as model, amateur, or "by and for the government" — in the case of a U.S. launch operator and/or a launch from the U.S.
An orbital spaceflight (or orbital flight) is a spaceflight in which a spacecraft is placed on a trajectory where it could remain in space for at least one orbit.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
The Pegasus is an air-launched rocket developed by Orbital Sciences Corporation (now part of Northrop Grumman Innovation System after Northrop Grumman acquired Orbital ATK).
Private spaceflight is flight beyond the Kármán line (above the nominal edge of space at Earth altitude)—or the development of new spaceflight technology—that is conducted and paid for by an entity other than a government agency.
Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, running from 1958 through 1963.
An orbital propellant depot is a cache of propellant that is placed in orbit around Earth or another body to allow spacecraft or the transfer stage of the spacecraft to be fueled in space.
Proton (Russian: Протон) (formal designation: UR-500) is an expendable launch system used for both commercial and Russian government space launches.
A reusable launch system (RLS, or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a space launch system intended to allow for recovery of all or part of the system for later reuse.
The Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee (also known as the HSF Committee, Augustine Commission or Augustine Committee) was a group reviewing the human spaceflight plans of the United States.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
A rocket launch is the takeoff phase of the flight of a rocket.
A rockoon (from rocket and balloon) is a solid fuel sounding rocket that, rather than being immediately lit while on the ground, is first carried into the upper atmosphere by a gas-filled balloon, then separated from the balloon and ignited.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Sea Launch is a multinational spacecraft launch service that used a mobile maritime launch platform for equatorial launches of commercial payloads on specialized Zenit-3SL rockets through 2014.
Sheldon names were used to identify launch vehicles of the Soviet Union when their Soviet names were unknown.
Space launch vehicle Shtil' (Russian: (Штиль - calm (weather)), is a converted SLBM used for launching artificial satellites into orbit. It is based on the R-29RM designed by State Rocket Center Makeyev and related to the Volna Launch Vehicle. The Shtil' is a 3-stage launch vehicle that uses liquid propellant. It is the first launch vehicle to successfully launch a payload into orbit from a submarine, although launch from land based structures is possible as well.
A single-stage-to-orbit (or SSTO) vehicle reaches orbit from the surface of a body without jettisoning hardware, expending only propellants and fluids.
A small-lift launch vehicle is a rocket orbital launch vehicle that is capable of lifting up to of payload into low Earth orbit (LEO).
A sounding rocket, sometimes called a research rocket, is an instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform scientific experiments during its sub-orbital flight.
Soyuz-2, GRAU index 14A14, is the collective designation for the new version of the Russian Soyuz rocket.
Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of evolving and growing space technology.
According to the AIAA Space Logistics Technical Committee, space logistics is However, this definition in its larger sense includes terrestrial logistics in support of space travel, including any additional "design and development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of space materiel", movement of people in space (both routine and for medical and other emergencies), and contracting and supplying any required support services for maintaining space travel.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Space tourism is space travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes.
A space vehicle or spaceship is a rocket-powered vehicle used to transport unmanned satellites or humans between the Earth's surface and outer space.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
SpaceNews is a print and digital publication that covers business and political news in the space and satellite industry.
A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.
A spaceport or cosmodrome is a site for launching (or receiving) spacecraft, by analogy to seaport for ships or airport for aircraft.
SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched rocket-powered aircraft with sub-orbital spaceflight capability at speeds of up to 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s), using a hybrid rocket motor.
The Scaled Composites Model 339 SpaceShipTwo (SS2) is an air-launched suborbital spaceplane type designed for space tourism.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.
The SpaceX reusable launch system development program is a privately funded program to develop a set of new technologies for an orbital launch system that may be reused many times in a manner similar to the reusability of aircraft.
Starsem is a European-Russian company that was created in 1996 to commercialise the Soyuz launcher.
Stratolaunch Systems Corporation is an American space transportation venture developing a new air launch to orbit system, with its corporate headquarters located in Seattle, Washington.
Strela (Стрела, arrow) is a Russian orbital carrier rocket, derived from the Soviet/Russian UR-100NU missile.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
A submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) is a ballistic missile capable of being launched from submarines.
A super heavy-lift launch vehicle (SHLLV) is a launch vehicle capable of lifting more than of payload into low Earth orbit (LEO).
Aircraft can have different ways to take off and land.
This is a timeline of known spaceflights, both manned and unmanned, sorted chronologically by launch date.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) is a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security.
Vega (Vettore Europeo di Generazione Avanzata, meaning "Advanced generation European carrier rocket"), is an expendable launch system in use by Arianespace jointly developed by the Italian Space Agency and the European Space Agency.
Virgin Galactic is a spaceflight company within the Virgin Group.
Space launch vehicle Volna (Волна "wave"), is a converted Submarine-launched ballistic missile used for launching satellites into orbit.
Vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) is a form of takeoff and landing for rockets.
A warhead is the explosive or toxic material that is delivered by a missile, rocket, or torpedo.
Zero 2 Infinity (0II∞, sometimes rendered as Zero2Infinity) is a private Spanish company developing high-altitude balloons to provide access to near space and low Earth orbit using a balloon-borne pod and a balloon-borne launcher.
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