238 relations: A History of the University in Europe, Academic degree, Administrative law, Administrative law judge, Admission to practice law, Admission to the bar in the United States, Advance payment, Adversarial system, Advocate, Ambrose Bierce, Ambulance chasing, American Bar Association, American Bar Association Model Rules of Professional Conduct, Analytical skill, Ancient Rome, Andrews v Law Society of British Columbia, Arbitral tribunal, Association of Pension Lawyers, Athens, Attorney at law, Attorneys in the United States, Avocats Sans Frontières, Bachelor of Laws, Bar association, Bar council, Bar examination, Bar Professional Training Course, Barrister, Barter, Basil Blackwell, Belgium, Belmont, California, Berkeley, California, Black's Law Dictionary, Bryan Horrigan, Business, Byzantine Empire, Call to the bar, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Canon law, Canton of Geneva, Casebook method, Catholic Church, Cause lawyer, Charleston Daily Mail, Civil law (legal system), Civil law notary, Claudius, Common law, Common professional examination (law), ..., Conflict of interest, Consideration, Contingent fee, Corporate lawyer, Corporate title, Counsel, Country lawyer, Court, Court dress, Criminal defense lawyer, Critical thinking, Dark Ages (historiography), David Dudley Field II, Deception, Deed, DICT, Diploma privilege, Doctor of Juridical Science, Dutch language, Edmonton Journal, English language, Entrepreneurship, Environment (biophysical), Esquire, Europe, European Court of Justice, Executive (government), Faculty (division), False documentation, Federal Constitutional Court, Federal Court of Justice, Fee, Fiduciary, France, Franklin Township, Erie County, Pennsylvania, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, French language, Fritz Schulz (jurist), Fused profession, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr., Gerry Spence, Government, Hadrian, Harvard University, Henry Campbell Black, History of Athens, Honorific, India, Industrial design right, Inns of Court, Intellectual property, Investment banking, Italy, Ivo of Kermartin, Jeon-gwan ye-u, John Crook (classicist), Journalist, Judge, Juris Doctor, Jurist, Jury, Justice ministry, Kingdom of Sicily, Law, Law broker, Law clerk, Law firm, Law school, Law society, Lawsuit, Lawyer-supported mediation, Legal aid, Legal education, Legal English, Legal ethics, Legal executive, Legal expenses insurance, Legal fiction, Legal Practice Course, Legal research, Legal Services Act 2007, Legal writing, Leo I the Thracian, Licensed conveyancer, List of jurists, London, Luxembourg, Maître, Macau, Magistrate, Margaret Workman, Mark McCormack, Master of Laws, McGill University, Mexico, Monopoly, Mortgage law, National Post, Netherlands, New South Wales, New York City, Nolo (publisher), Non-governmental organization, Norman, Oklahoma, North America, Notary public, Original jurisdiction, Overseas Filipinos, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Papal legate, Paralegal, Patent, Patent attorney, Personal injury, Philippines, Politician, Practice of law, Private sector, Pro bono, Pro hac vice, Pro se legal representation in the United States, Probate, Procrastination, Professional responsibility, Prosecutor, Prussia, Public defender, Public speaking, Pupillage, Quebec, Quid pro quo, R. M. Jackson, Radnor, Pennsylvania, Reading law, Real estate, Real estate broker, Real property, Rhetoric, Richard Abel (lawyer), Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Rules lawyer, Saint Paul, Minnesota, Santa Monica, California, Satires (Juvenal), Scotland, Scrivener, Second Council of Lyon, Secretary (title), Sestertius, Shyster, Small business, Small claims court, Socratic method, Sole practitioner, Solicitor, Solidus (coin), South Africa, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, State Bar of California, Statute of Westminster 1275, Supreme Court of Canada, Supreme Court of the United States, Tacitus, Texas Board of Legal Specialization, The Christian Science Monitor, The Devil's Dictionary, The New York Times, The Telegram, The Times, Title, Trade union, Trademark, Trainee solicitor, Trust law, U.S. state, United States, University of Bologna, University of California Press, University of New South Wales, Watergate scandal, West (publisher), Westport, Connecticut, Will and testament, William Pitt the Younger. Expand index (188 more) » « Shrink index
A History of the University in Europe is a four-volume book series on the history and development of the European university from the medieval origins of the institution until the present day.
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.
Administrative law is the body of law that governs the activities of administrative agencies of government.
An administrative law judge (ALJ) in the United States is a judge and trier of fact who both presides over trials and adjudicates the claims or disputes (in other words, ALJ-controlled proceedings are bench trials) involving administrative law.
An admission to practice law is acquired when a lawyer receives a license to practice law.
Admission to the bar in the United States is the granting of permission by a particular court system to a lawyer to practice law in that system.
An advance payment, or simply an advance, is the part of a contractually due sum that is paid or received in advance for goods or services, while the balance included in the invoice will only follow the delivery.
The adversarial system or adversary system is a legal system used in the common law countries where two advocates represent their parties' case or position before an impartial person or group of people, usually a jury or judge, who attempt to determine the truth and pass judgment accordingly.
An advocate in this sense is a professional in the field of law.
Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – circa 1914) was an American short story writer, journalist, poet, and Civil War veteran.
Ambulance chasing, sometimes known as barratry, is a professional slur which refers to a lawyer soliciting for clients at a disaster site.
The American Bar Association (ABA), founded August 21, 1878, is a voluntary bar association of lawyers and law students, which is not specific to any jurisdiction in the United States.
The ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct, created by the American Bar Association (ABA), are a set of rules that prescribe baseline standards of legal ethics and professional responsibility for lawyers in the United States.
Analytical skill is the ability to use critical thinking and problem-solving skills in order to find a solution or complete an exercise.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Andrews v Law Society of British Columbia, 1 SCR 143 is the first Supreme Court of Canada case to deal with section 15 (equality rights) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
An arbitral tribunal (or arbitration tribunal) is a panel of one or more adjudicators which is convened and sits to resolve a dispute by way of arbitration.
The Association of Pension Lawyers (APL) is a group of more than 1,100 lawyers who practise pension law in the UK.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Attorney at law or attorney-at-law, usually abbreviated in everyday speech to attorney, is the preferred term for a practising lawyer in certain jurisdictions, including South Africa (for certain lawyers), Sri Lanka, and the United States.
An attorney at law (or attorney-at-law) in the United States is a practitioner in a court of law who is legally qualified to prosecute and defend actions in such court on the retainer of clients.
Avocats Sans Frontières (ASF), also known as Advocaten Zonder Grenzen, is an international NGO, active in the human rights and development sector.
The Bachelor of Laws (Legum Baccalaureus; LL.B. or B.L.) is an undergraduate degree in law (or a first professional degree in law, depending on jurisdiction) originating in England and offered in Japan and most common law jurisdictionsexcept the United States and Canadaas the degree which allows a person to become a lawyer.
A bar association is a professional association of lawyers.
A bar council (Comhairle an Bharra) or bar association, in a common law jurisdiction with a legal profession split between solicitors and barristers or advocates, is a professional body that regulates the profession of barristers.
A bar examination is a test intended to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given jurisdiction.
The Bar Professional Training Course or BPTC (previously known as Bar Vocational Course, or BVC) is a postgraduate course which allows law graduates to be named and practise as barristers in England and Wales.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
In trade, barter is a system of exchange where participants in a transaction directly exchange goods or services for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money.
Sir Basil Henry Blackwell (29 May 18899 April 1984) was born in Oxford, England.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Belmont is a city in San Mateo County in the U.S. state of California.
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California.
Black's Law is the most widely used law dictionary in the United States.
Professor Bryan Horrigan (born 1962) is an Australian legal academic.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
The call to the bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to have received a "call to the bar".
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
Canon law (from Greek kanon, a 'straight measuring rod, ruler') is a set of ordinances and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members.
The Republic and Canton of Geneva (République et canton de Genève; Rèpublica et canton de Geneva; Republik und Kanton Genf; Repubblica e Canton di Ginevra; Republica e chantun Genevra) is the French-speaking westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France.
The casebook method, similar to but not exactly the same as the case method, is the primary method of teaching law in law schools in the United States.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A cause lawyer, also known as a public interest lawyer or social lawyer, is a lawyer dedicated to the usage of law for the promotion of social change to address a cause.
The Charleston Daily Mail was a newspaper based in Charleston, West Virginia.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Civil-law notaries, or Latin notaries, are agents of noncontentious private civil law who draft, take, and record instruments for private parties and are vested as public officers with the authentication power of the State.
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The Common Professional Examination/Graduate Diploma in Law (CPE/GDL) is a postgraduate law course in England and Wales that is taken by non-law graduates (graduates who have a degree in a discipline that is not law or not a qualifying law degree for legal practice) wishing to become either a solicitor or barrister in England and Wales.
A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, and serving one interest could involve working against another.
Consideration is a concept of English common law and is a necessity for simple contracts but not for special contracts (contracts by deed).
A contingent fee or contingency fee (in the United States) or conditional fee (in England and Wales) is any fee for services provided where the fee is payable only if there is a favourable result.
A corporate lawyer is a lawyer who specializes in corporations law.
Corporate titles or business titles are given to company and organization officials to show what duties and responsibilities they have in the organization.
A counsel or a counsellor at law is a person who gives advice and deals with various issues, particularly in legal matters.
In the United States, the term country lawyer or county-seat lawyer may be applied to identify an attorney living and practicing primarily in a rural area or town, or an attorney pursuing a legal practice that displays certain (potentially idealized) hallmarks of rural or small-town legal practice.
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
Court dress comprises the style of clothes prescribed for courts of law, and for royal courts.
A criminal defense lawyer is a lawyer (mostly barristers) specializing in the defense of individuals and companies charged with criminal activity.
Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment.
The "Dark Ages" is a historical periodization traditionally referring to the Middle Ages, that asserts that a demographic, cultural, and economic deterioration occurred in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire.
David Dudley Field II (February 13, 1805April 13, 1894) was an American lawyer and law reformer who made major contributions to the development of American civil procedure.
Deception is the act of propagating a belief that is not true, or is not the whole truth (as in half-truths or omission).
A deed (anciently "an evidence") is any legal instrument in writing which passes, affirms or confirms an interest, right, or property and that is signed, attested, delivered, and in some jurisdictions, sealed.
DICT is a dictionary network protocol created by the DICT Development Group.
In the United States, the diploma privilege is a method for lawyers to be admitted to the bar without taking a bar examination.
Doctor of Juridical Science, Doctor of the Science of Law, (in Latin) Scientiae Juridicae Doctor or Juridicae Scientiae Doctor (sometimes also referred to as a Doctor of Laws), abbreviated S.J.D. or J.S.D., respectively, is a research doctorate in law equivalent to the more commonly awarded research doctorate, the Ph.D. It is offered primarily in the United States (where it originated), and in Canada and Australia.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Edmonton Journal is a daily newspaper in Edmonton, Alberta.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
A biophysical environment is a biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism or population, and consequently includes the factors that have an influence in their survival, development, and evolution.
Esquire (abbreviated Esq.) is usually a courtesy title.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
A faculty is a division within a university or college comprising one subject area, or a number of related subject areas.
False documentation is the process of creating documents which record fictitious events.
The Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht; abbreviated: BVerfG) is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law of Germany.
The Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) in Karlsruhe is the highest court in the system of ordinary jurisdiction (ordentliche Gerichtsbarkeit) in Germany.
A fee is the price one pays as remuneration for rights or services.
A fiduciary is a person who holds a legal or ethical relationship of trust with one or more other parties (person or group of persons).
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Franklin Township is a township in Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fritz Schulz (16 June 1879 – 12 November 1957) was a German jurist and legal historian.
Fused profession is a term relating to jurisdictions where the legal profession is not divided between barristers and solicitors.
Geoffrey Cornell Hazard Jr. (September 18, 1929 – January 11, 2018) was Trustee Professor of Law Emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania Law School and the Thomas E. Miller Distinguished Professor of Law Emeritus at the University of California's Hastings College of the Law.
Gerald Leonard "Gerry" Spence (born January 8, 1929) is a semi-retired American trial lawyer.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus; 24 January 76 – 10 July 138 AD) was Roman emperor from 117 to 138.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Henry Campbell Black (October 17, 1860 – March 19, 1927) was the founder of Black's Law Dictionary, the definitive legal dictionary first published in 1891.
Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for at least 5000 years.
An honorific is a title that conveys esteem or respect for position or rank when used in addressing or referring to a person.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
An industrial design right is an intellectual property right that protects the visual design of objects that are not purely utilitarian.
The Inns of Court in London are the professional associations for barristers in England and Wales.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
An investment bank is typically a private company that provides various finance-related and other services to individuals, corporations, and governments such as raising financial capital by underwriting or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Saint Ivo of Kermartin, T.O.S.F. (17 October 1253 – 19 May 1303), also known Yvo or Ives (and in Breton as Erwan, Iwan, Youenn or Eozenn, depending on the region, and known as Yves Hélory (also Helori or Heloury) in French), was a parish priest among the poor of Louannec, the only one of his station to be canonized in the Middle Ages.
Jeon-gwan ye-u refers to an informal arrangement in the South Korean legal system whereby retired judges and public prosecutors who go on to become lawyers in private practise receive special treatment from their incumbent former colleagues.
John Anthony Crook FBA (5 November 1921 – 7 September 2007) by Peter Linehan in The Independent, 15 September 2007.
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public.
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.
The Juris Doctor degree (J.D. or JD), also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree (J.D., JD, D.Jur. or DJur), is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degrees.
A jurist (from medieval Latin) is someone who researches and studies jurisprudence (theory of law).
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice.
The Kingdom of Sicily (Regnum Siciliae, Regno di Sicilia, Regnu di Sicilia, Regne de Sicília, Reino de Sicilia) was a state that existed in the south of the Italian peninsula and for a time Africa from its founding by Roger II in 1130 until 1816.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
In Australia, Canada and New Zealand, a law broker is a professional that assists individuals who are searching for a lawyer.
A law clerk or a judicial clerk is an individual—generally an attorney—who provides direct assistance and counsel to a judge in making legal determinations and in writing opinions by researching issues before the court.
A law firm or a law company is a business entity formed by one or more lawyers to engage in the practice of law.
A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction.
A law society is an association of lawyers with a regulatory role that included the right to supervise the training, qualifications and conduct of lawyers.
A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." A lawsuit is any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.
Lawyer-supported mediation is a "non-adversarial method of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) to resolves disputes, such as to settle family issues at a time of divorce or separation, including child support, custody issues and division of property".
Legal aid is the provision of assistance to people otherwise unable to afford legal representation and access to the court system.
Legal education is the education of individuals in the principles, practices, and theory of law.
Legal English is the type of English as used in legal writing.
Legal ethics, principles of conduct that members of the legal profession are expected to observe in their practice.
Legal executives are a form of trained persons in the legal professional in certain jurisdictions.
Legal protection insurance (LPI), also known as legal expenses insurance (LEI) or simply legal insurance, is a particular class of insurance which facilitates access to law and justice by providing legal advice and covering legal costs of a dispute, regardless of whether the case is brought by or against the policyholder.
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to help reach a decision or to apply a legal rule.
The Legal Practice Course (LPC)also known as the Postgraduate Diploma in Legal Practiceis the final vocational stage for becoming a solicitor in England and Wales.
Legal research is "the process of identifying and retrieving information necessary to support legal decision-making.
The Legal Services Act 2007 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that seeks to liberalise and regulate the market for legal services in England and Wales, to encourage more competition and to provide a new route for consumer complaints.
Legal writing is a type of technical writing used by lawyers, judges, legislators, and others in law to express legal analysis and legal rights and duties.
Leo I (Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus; 401 – 18 January 474) was an Eastern Roman Emperor from 457 to 474.
A Licensed Conveyancer is a specialist legal professional in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia or South Africa who has been trained to deal with all aspects of property law.
The following lists are of prominent jurists, including judges, listed in alphabetical order by jurisdiction.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Maître (spelled Maitre according to post-1990 spelling rules) is a commonly used honorific for lawyers and notaries in France, Belgium and French-speaking parts of Canada.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.
Margaret Lee Workman (born May 22, 1947) is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia.
Mark Hume McCormack (November 6, 1930 – May 16, 2003) was an American lawyer, sports agent and writer.
The Master of Laws (M.L. or LL.M.; Latin Magister Legum or Legum Magister) is a postgraduate academic degree, pursued by those either holding an undergraduate academic law degree, a professional law degree, or an undergraduate degree in a related subject.
McGill University is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
A mortgage is a security interest in real property held by a lender as a security for a debt, usually a loan of money.
The National Post is a conservative Canadian English-language newspaper.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nolo, formerly known as Nolo Press, is a publisher in Berkeley, California, that produces do-it-yourself legal books and software that allows people to handle simple legal matters such as making wills or writing business partnership contracts.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
Norman is a city in the U.S. state of Oklahoma south of downtown Oklahoma City in its metropolitan area.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
A notary public (or notary or public notary) of the common law is a public officer constituted by law to serve the public in non-contentious matters usually concerned with estates, deeds, powers-of-attorney, and foreign and international business.
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
An Overseas Filipino (Pilipino sa Ibayong-dagat) is a person of Filipino origin who lives outside the Philippines.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A woodcut showing Henry II of England greeting the pope's legate. A papal legate or Apostolic legate (from the Ancient Roman title legatus) is a personal representative of the pope to foreign nations, or to some part of the Catholic Church.
A paralegal is an individual, qualified by education, training or work experience, who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency, or other entity and who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
A patent attorney is an attorney who has the specialized qualifications necessary for representing clients in obtaining patents and acting in all matters and procedures relating to patent law and practice, such as filing an opposition.
Personal injury is a legal term for an injury to the body, mind or emotions, as opposed to an injury to property.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
In its most general sense, the practice of law involves giving legal advice to clients, drafting legal documents for clients, and representing clients in legal negotiations and court proceedings such as lawsuits, and is applied to the professional services of a lawyer or attorney at law, barrister, solicitor, or civil law notary.
The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.
Pro bono publico (for the public good; usually shortened to pro bono) is a Latin phrase for professional work undertaken voluntarily and without payment.
Pro hac vice, Latin: "for this occasion" or "for this event" (literally, "for this turn"), is a legal term usually referring to a practice in common law jurisdictions, whereby a lawyer who has not been admitted to practice in a certain jurisdiction is allowed to participate in a particular case in that jurisdiction.
Pro se legal representation comes from Latin, literally meaning "on behalf of themselves", which basically means advocating on one's own behalf before a court, rather than being represented by a lawyer.
Probate is the judicial process whereby a will is "proved" in a court of law and accepted as a valid public document that is the true last testament of the deceased, or whereby the estate is settled according to the laws of intestacy in the state of residence of the deceased at time of death in the absence of a legal will.
Procrastination (from Latin's "procrastinare", that translates in to: the prefix pro-, 'forward', and the suffix -crastinus, 'till next day' from cras, 'tomorrow') is the avoidance of doing a task that needs to be accomplished.
Professional responsibility is the area of legal practice that encompasses the duties of attorneys to act in a professional manner, obey the law, avoid conflicts of interest, and put the interests of clients ahead of their own interests.
A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
A public defender is an attorney appointed to represent people who cannot afford to hire one.
Public speaking (also called oratory or oration) is the process or act of performing a speech to a live audience.
A pupillage, in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, Kenya, Pakistan.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Quid pro quo ("something for something" in Latin) is a phrase used in English to mean an exchange of goods or services, in which one transfer is contingent upon the other; "a favour for a favour".
Richard Meredith Jackson (19 August 1903 – 8 May 1986) was a British jurist and legal scholar.
Radnor is an affluent community in the western suburbs of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
Reading law is the method by which persons in common law countries, particularly the United States, entered the legal profession before the advent of law schools.
Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or housing in general.
A real estate broker or real estate salesperson (often called a real estate agent) is a person who acts as an intermediary between sellers & buyers of real estate/real property.
In English common law, real property, real estate, realty, or immovable property is land which is the property of some person and all structures (also called improvements or fixtures) integrated with or affixed to the land, including crops, buildings, machinery, wells, dams, ponds, mines, canals, and roads, among other things.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
Richard L. Abel (born September 13, 1941) is a Professor of Law (now emeritus), a specialist in African Law Studies and a renowned socio-legal scholar.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
A rules lawyer is a participant in a rules-based environment who attempts to use the letter of the law without reference to the spirit, usually in order to gain an advantage within that environment.
Saint Paul (abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Santa Monica is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States.
The Satires are a collection of satirical poems by the Latin author Juvenal written in the early 2nd centuries AD.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
A scrivener (or scribe) was a person who could read and write or who wrote letters to court and legal documents.
The Second Council of Lyon was the fourteenth ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, convoked on 31 March 1272 and convened in Lyon, France, in 1274.
Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority, power, or importance in the organization.
The sestertius (plural sestertii), or sesterce (plural sesterces), was an ancient Roman coin.
Shyster is a slang word for someone who acts in a disreputable, unethical, or unscrupulous way, especially in the practice of law, sometimes also politics or business.
Small businesses are privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that have fewer employees and/or less annual revenue than a regular-sized business or corporation.
Small-claims courts have limited jurisdiction to hear civil cases between private litigants.
The Socratic method, also can be known as maieutics, method of elenchus, elenctic method, or Socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presumptions.
In the field of law, a sole practitioner or solo practitioner is a lawyer who practices independently, in a law firm that may include non-lawyer support personnel but does not include any other lawyers.
A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions.
The solidus (Latin for "solid"; solidi), nomisma (νόμισμα, nómisma, "coin"), or bezant was originally a relatively pure gold coin issued in the Late Roman Empire.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) is a committee of about 150 members of the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC.
The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
Stanford is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Clara County, California, United States and is the home of Stanford University.
The State Bar of California is California's official.
The Statute of Westminster of 1275 (3 Edw. I), also known as the Statute of Westminster I, codified the existing law in England, in 51 chapters.
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (–) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire.
The Texas Board of Legal Specialization (TBLS) was established on July 16, 1974 by the State Bar of Texas.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The Devil's Dictionary is a satirical dictionary written by American Civil War soldier, wit, and writer Ambrose Bierce consisting of common words followed by humorous and satirical definitions.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Telegram is a daily newspaper published weekdays and Saturdays (as The Weekend Telegram) in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
A title is a prefix or suffix added to someone's name in certain contexts.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
In the United Kingdom, Australia, Hong Kong, Ireland, and certain other English common law jurisdictions, a trainee solicitor is a prospective lawyer undergoing professional training at a law firm to qualify as a full-fledged solicitor.
A trust is a three-party fiduciary relationship in which the first party, the trustor or settlor, transfers ("settles") a property (often but not necessarily a sum of money) upon the second party (the trustee) for the benefit of the third party, the beneficiary.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Bologna (Università di Bologna, UNIBO), founded in 1088, is the oldest university in continuous operation, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of New South Wales (UNSW; branded as UNSW Sydney) is an Australian public research university located in the Sydney suburb of Kensington.
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972, and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement.
West (also known by its original name, West Publishing) is a business owned by Thomson Reuters that publishes legal, business, and regulatory information in print, and on electronic services such as Westlaw.
Westport is an affluent town located in Connecticut, along Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast in Fairfield County, Connecticut.
A will or testament is a legal document by which a person, the testator, expresses their wishes as to how their property is to be distributed at death, and names one or more persons, the executor, to manage the estate until its final distribution.
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
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