257 relations: Adolf Loos, Ahmedabad, AIA Gold Medal, Albert Camus, Albert Mayer (planner), Alexis Carrel, Algiers, Alvar Aalto, Amancio Williams, Amédée Ozenfant, André Malraux, Anthropometry, Antoni Bonet i Castellana, Antwerp, Argentina, Art Deco, Art Deco of the 20s and 30s, Artists Rights Society, Athens Charter, Auguste Perret, Balkans, Bauhaus, Bevis Hillier, Bois de Boulogne, Bourgeoisie, Brasília, Brossard, Budapest, Buenos Aires Province, Bulgaria, Butterfly roof, Cabrini–Green Homes, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Canton of Neuchâtel, Car, Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Chaise Longue (Le Corbusier), Champs-Élysées, Chandigarh, Chandigarh College of Architecture, Charles Fourier, Charles Jencks, Charles l'Eplattenier, Charlotte Perriand, Chile, Chinubhai Chimanlal, Cité de l'Architecture et du Patrimoine, Cité de Refuge, Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, Citroën, ..., Clorindo Testa, Colin Rowe, Colombia, Concrete, Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne, Constructivist architecture, Corseaux, Crystal Cubism, Cubism, Culture minister, Curutchet House, Deutscher Werkbund, Dom-Ino House, Ebenezer Howard, Edgard Varèse, Erich Mendelsohn, Ernst May, Faisceau, Fibonacci number, Firminy, Firminy Vert, Florence Charterhouse, Fondation Le Corbusier, Fordism, France, Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza, Frank Lloyd Wright, Frank P. Brown Medal, František Lydie Gahura, Free plan, French people, French Resistance, Friedrich Fröbel, Galluzzo, Garches, Gebrüder Thonet, Geneva, Georges Valois, Gerrit Rietveld, Golden ratio, Government Museum and Art Gallery, Chandigarh, Governor's Palace (Chandigarh), Grand Palais, Great Depression, Greece, Gustav Klimt, Harvard University, Haryana, Headquarters of the United Nations, Henri de Saint-Simon, Henri Matisse, Howard Robertson (architect), Hubert Lagardelle, Iannis Xenakis, Immeuble Clarté, India, International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts, Jacques Lipchitz, James Stirling (architect), Jane Drew, Jane Jacobs, Jawaharlal Nehru, Josef Frank (architect), Josef Hoffmann, Josep Lluís Sert, Jura Mountains, Kanye West, Kenneth Frampton, Konstantin Melnikov, L'Arbresle, La Chaux-de-Fonds, La Plata, La Rochelle, Lake Geneva, Laval, Quebec, Lúcio Costa, Le Locle, Le Pradet, Le Thoronet Abbey, League of Nations, Legion of Honour, Leon Battista Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Lewis Mumford, Loire-Atlantique, Louis Loucheur, Louvre, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Lyndon B. Johnson, Lyon, Maison du Brésil, Maison Guiette, Maison Planeix, Maisons Jaoul, Malvinas Argentinas Partido, Marcel Breuer, Mario Pani, Marseille, Mart Stam, Mathematics and art, Maxwell Fry, Mediterranean Sea, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Mexico, Mill Owners' Association Building, MIT Press, Modern architecture, Modulor, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, Nadir Afonso, Nantes, National Museum of Western Art, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Notre Dame du Haut, Open Hand Monument, Orion (constellation), Oscar Niemeyer, Palace of Assembly (Chandigarh), Palace of the Soviets, Parthenon, Partidos of Buenos Aires, Pavillon Le Corbusier, Peru, Pessac, Peter Behrens, Phalanstère, Philippe Pétain, Pierre Chareau, Pierre Jeanneret, Piloti, Poème électronique, Poem of the Right Angle, Poissy, Pompeii, Pont d'Austerlitz, Proportion (architecture), Punjab and Haryana High Court, Punjab, India, Purism, Quartiers Modernes Frugès, Raoul Dautry, Reinforced concrete column, Rio de Janeiro, Robert Mallet-Stevens, Roberto Matta, Rogelio Salmona, Rome, Ronchamp, Roof garden, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Saint-Pierre, Firminy, Sainte Marie de La Tourette, Salon d'Automne, Salvador Dalí, Sanskar Kendra, Scale (ratio), Scientific management, Secretariat Building (Chandigarh), Serbia, Shadrach Woods, Soviet Union, Stuttgart, Swiss people, Switzerland, Syndicalism, Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Salvation Army, Tony Garnier (architect), Toward an Architecture, Tsentrosoyuz building, Turkey, UNESCO, Unité d'habitation, Unité d'Habitation of Berlin, United Nations, University of California Press, University of Cambridge, Urban planner, Urban planning, Uruguay, Vichy, Vichy France, Victor Bourgeois, Villa Cook, Villa Jeanneret, Villa La Roche, Villa Sarabhai, Villa Savoye, Villa Shodhan, Ville Contemporaine, Ville Radieuse, Vitruvian Man, Vitruvius, Vosges, Wallace Harrison, Walter Gropius, Weissenhof Estate, William J. R. Curtis, World Heritage site, World War I, World War II, Zeppelin, Zlín, 16th arrondissement of Paris. Expand index (207 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Franz Karl Viktor Maria Loos (10 December 1870 – 23 August 1933) was an Austrian and Czech architect and influential European theorist of modern architecture.
Ahmedabad, also known as Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of the Indian state of Gujarat.
The AIA Gold Medal is awarded by the American Institute of Architects conferred "by the national AIA Board of Directors in recognition of a significant body of work of lasting influence on the theory and practice of architecture." It is the Institute's highest award.
Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
Albert Mayer (December 29, 1897 - October 14, 1981), an American planner and architect.
Alexis Carrel (28 June 1873 – 5 November 1944) was a French surgeon and biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1912 for pioneering vascular suturing techniques.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (3 February 1898 – 11 May 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer.
Amancio Williams (February 19, 1913 –October 14, 1989) was an Argentine architect and among his country's leading exponents of modern architecture.
Amédée Ozenfant (15 April 1886 – 4 May 1966) was a French cubist painter and writer.
André Malraux DSO (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976) was a French novelist, art theorist and Minister of Cultural Affairs.
Anthropometry (from Greek ἄνθρωπος anthropos, "human", and μέτρον metron, "measure") refers to the measurement of the human individual.
Antoni Bonet i Castellana (Barcelona, 1913-1989) was a Spanish architect from Catalonia, designer and urban planner.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Art Deco of the 20s and 30s is an art history book by English historian Bevis Hillier.
Artists Rights Society (ARS) is a copyright, licensing, and monitoring organization for visual artists in the United States.
The Athens Charter (Charte d'Athènes) was a 1933 document about urban planning published by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier.
Auguste Perret (12 February 1874 – 25 February 1954) was a French architect and a pioneer of the architectural use of reinforced concrete.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
Bevis Hillier (born 28 March 1940) is an English art historian, author and journalist.
The Bois de Boulogne is a large public park located along the western edge of the 16th arrondissement of Paris, near the suburb of Boulogne-Billancourt and Neuilly-sur-Seine.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
Brossard (or;, or) is a municipality in the Montérégie region of Quebec, Canada and is part of the Greater Montreal area.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires (Provincia de Buenos Aires; English: "good airs") is the largest and most populous Argentinian province.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
A butterfly roof (sometimes called a V roof or Aysha roof) is a form of roof characterised by an inversion of a standard roof form, with two roof surfaces sloping down from opposing edges to a valley near the middle of the roof.
Cabrini–Green Homes, which comprised the Frances Cabrini Row-houses and William Green Homes, was a Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) public housing project located on the Near North Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
The Republic and Canton of Neuchâtel (la République et Canton de Neuchâtel) is a canton of French-speaking western Switzerland.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
The Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts at Harvard University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts is the only building actually designed by Le Corbusier in the United States, and one of only two in the Americas (the other is the Curutchet House in La Plata, Argentina).
Chaise Longue - LC4 is a chaise longue designed by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier and French architect Charlotte Perriand.
The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, long and wide, running between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located.
Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in India that serves as the capital of the two neighbouring states of Haryana and Punjab.
The Chandigarh College of Architecture (or CCA) is a college imparting education and research in the field of architecture.
François Marie Charles Fourier (7 April 1772 – 10 October 1837) was a French philosopher, influential early socialist thinker and one of the founders of utopian socialism.
Charles Alexander Jencks (born June 21, 1939) is a cultural theorist, landscape designer, architectural historian, and co-founder of the Maggie’s Cancer Care Centres.
Charles L'Éplattenier (1874–1946) was a Swiss painter and architect.
Charlotte Perriand (24 October 1903 – 27 October 1999) was a French architect and designer.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Chinubhai Chimanlal also commonly referred to as Chinubhai Mayor (1 November 1901 – 1 August 1993) was industrialist, cotton textile mill owner and one of the scions of Lalbhai group.
The Cité de l'Architecture et du Patrimoine (Architecture and Heritage City) is a museum of architecture and monumental sculpture located in the Palais de Chaillot (Trocadéro), in Paris, France.
La Cité de Refuge is a building in Paris, France designed by the architect Le Corbusier.
Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris (CIUP, Cité U) is a private park and foundation located in Paris, France.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
Clorindo Manuel José Testa (December 10, 1923 – April 11, 2013) was an Italian-Argentine architect and artist.
Colin Rowe (27 March 1920 – 5 November 1999), was a British-born, American-naturalised architectural historian, critic, theoretician, and teacher; acknowledged as a major intellectual influence on world architecture and urbanism in the second half of the twentieth century and beyond, particularly in the fields of city planning, regeneration, and urban design.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
The Congrès internationaux d'architecture moderne (CIAM), or International Congresses of Modern Architecture, was an organization founded in 1928 and disbanded in 1959, responsible for a series of events and congresses arranged across Europe by the most prominent architects of the time, with the objective of spreading the principles of the Modern Movement focusing in all the main domains of architecture (such as landscape, urbanism, industrial design, and many others).
Constructivist architecture was a form of modern architecture that flourished in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s.
Corseaux is a municipality in the district Riviera-Pays-d'Enhaut in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
Crystal Cubism (French: Cubisme cristal or Cubisme de cristal) is a distilled form of Cubism consistent with a shift, between 1915 and 1916, towards a strong emphasis on flat surface activity and large overlapping geometric planes.
Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement which brought European painting and sculpture historically forward toward 20th century Modern art.
A culture minister is a Cabinet position in governments.
The Curutchet House, La Plata, Argentina, is a building by Le Corbusier.
The Deutscher Werkbund (German Association of Craftsmen) is a German association of artists, architects, designers, and industrialists, established in 1907.
Dom-Ino House is an open floor plan structure designed by noted architect Le Corbusier in 1914–1915.
Sir Ebenezer Howard (29 January 1850 – 1 May 1928), the English founder of the garden city movement, is known for his publication To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898), the description of a utopian city in which people live harmoniously together with nature.
Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (also spelled Edgar Varèse;Malcolm MacDonald, Varèse, Astronomer in Sound (London, 2003), p. xi. December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.
Erich Mendelsohn (21 March 1887 – 15 September 1953) was a Jewish German architect, known for his expressionist architecture in the 1920s, as well as for developing a dynamic functionalism in his projects for department stores and cinemas.
Ernst May (27 July 1886 – 11 September 1970) was a German architect and city planner.
Le Faisceau (The Fasces) was a short-lived French Fascist political party.
In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers are the numbers in the following integer sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, and characterized by the fact that every number after the first two is the sum of the two preceding ones: Often, especially in modern usage, the sequence is extended by one more initial term: By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending on the chosen starting point of the sequence, and each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two.
Firminy is a commune in the Loire department in central France.
Firminy Vert (lit. "Green Firminy") is group of modern buildings designed by architect Le Corbusier located in Firminy, France in 1964–1969.
Florence Charterhouse (Certosa di Firenze or Certosa del Galluzzo) is a charterhouse, or Carthusian monastery, located in the Florence suburb of Galluzzo, in central Italy.
Fondation Le Corbusier is a private foundation and archive honoring the work of architect Le Corbusier (1887–1965).
Fordism is the basis of modern economic and social systems in industrialized, standardized mass production and mass consumption.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza (Cáseda, 12 October 1918 - Madrid, 18 July 2000) was a Spanish architect and influential practitioner of the modernist movement in Spain.
Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed.
The Frank P. Brown Medal was formerly awarded by the Franklin Institute for excellence in science, engineering, and structures.
František Lydie Gahura (October 10, 1891, Zlín – September 15, 1958, Brno) was a Czech architect and sculptor who became famous for his collaboration on the architectural and urban design of Zlín, a city in southeastern Czech Republic.
The free plan, as it relates to architecture refers to an open plan with non load-bearing walls dividing interior space.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel or Froebel (21 April 1782 – 21 June 1852) was a German pedagogue, a student of Pestalozzi who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities.
Galluzzo is part of quartiere 3 of the Italian city of Florence, Italy, located in the southern extremity of the Florentine commune.
Garches is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.
Gebrüder Thonet or the Thonet Brothers was a European furniture manufacturer.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
Georges Valois (real name Alfred-Georges Gressent; 7 October 1878 – February 1945) was a French journalist and politician, born in Paris.
Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (24 June 1888 – 25 June 1964) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect.
In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.
Government Museum and Art Gallery, Chandigarh, is a premier museum of North India having collections of Gandharan sculptures, Pahari and Rajasthani miniature paintings.
Governor's Palace of Chandigarh is a proposed government building in Chandigarh, India.
The Grand Palais des Champs-Élysées, commonly known as the Grand Palais (English: Great Palace), is a large historic site, exhibition hall and museum complex located at the Champs-Élysées in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Haryana, carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in India.
The United Nations is headquartered in New York City, in a complex designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and built by the architectural firm Harrison & Abramovitz.
Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon, often referred to as Henri de Saint-Simon (17 October 1760 – 19 May 1825), was a French political and economic theorist and businessman whose thought played a substantial role in influencing politics, economics, sociology, and the philosophy of science.
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.
Sir Howard Morley Robertson MC RA (16 August 1888 – 5 May 1963) was an American-born British architect, President of the Royal Institute of British Architects from 1952 to 1954 and a Royal Academician.
Hubert Lagardelle (8 July 1874, Le Burgaud – 20 September 1958, Paris) was a pioneer of French revolutionary syndicalism.
Iannis Xenakis (Greek: Γιάννης (Ιάννης) Ξενάκης; 29 May 1922 – 4 February 2001) was a Romanian-born, Greek-French composer, music theorist, architect, and engineer.
Immeuble Clarté is an apartment building in Geneva designed by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret starting from 1928 and built in 1931–32.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts (Exposition internationale des arts décoratifs et industriels modernes) was a World's fair held in Paris, France, from April to October 1925.
Jacques Lipchitz (16 May 1973) was a Cubist sculptor, from late 1914.
Sir James Frazer Stirling (22 April 1926 – 25 June 1992) was a British architect.
Dame Jane Drew, DBE, FRIBA (24 March 1911 – 27 July 1996) was an English modernist architect and town planner.
Jane Jacobs (née Butzner; May 4, 1916 – April 25, 2006) was an American-Canadian journalist, author, and activist who influenced urban studies, sociology, and economics.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
Josef Frank (July 15, 1885 – January 8, 1967) was an Austrian-born architect, artist, and designer who adopted Swedish citizenship in the latter half of his life.
Josef Hoffmann (15 December 1870 – 7 May 1956) was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods who co-established Wiener Werkstätte.
Josep Lluís Sert i López (1 July 1902 – 15 March 1983) was an architect and city planner born in Catalonia, Spain.
The Jura Mountains (locally; Massif du Jura; Juragebirge; Massiccio del Giura) are a sub-alpine mountain range located north of the Western Alps, mainly following the course of the France–Switzerland border.
Kanye Omari West (born June 8, 1977) is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, entrepreneur and fashion designer.
Kenneth Brian Frampton (born 1930 in Woking, UK), is a British architect, critic, historian and the Ware Professor of Architecture at the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation at Columbia University, New York.
Konstantin Stepanovich Melnikov (Russian: Константин Степанович Мельников; – November 28, 1974) was a Russian architect and painter.
L'Arbresle is a commune of the Rhône department in eastern France.
La Chaux-de-Fonds is a Swiss city of the district of La Chaux-de-Fonds in the canton of Neuchâtel.
La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
La Rochelle is a city in western France and a seaport on the Bay of Biscay, a part of the Atlantic Ocean.
Lake Geneva (le lac Léman or le Léman, sometimes le lac de Genève, Genfersee) is a lake on the north side of the Alps, shared between Switzerland and France.
Laval is a Canadian city in southwestern Quebec, north of Montreal.
Lúcio Marçal Ferreira Ribeiro Lima Costa (27 February 1902 – 13 June 1998) was a Brazilian architect and urban planner, best known for his plan for Brasília.
Le Locle is a municipality in Le Locle District in the Canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland.
Le Pradet is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Le Thoronet Abbey (L'abbaye du Thoronet) is a former Cistercian abbey built in the late twelfth and early thirteenth century, now restored as a museum.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Leon Battista Alberti (February 14, 1404 – April 25, 1472) was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Lewis Mumford (October 19, 1895 – January 26, 1990) was an American historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and literary critic.
Loire-Atlantique (formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department on the west coast of France named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean.
Louis Loucheur (12 August 1872 in Roubaix, Nord – 22 November 1931 in Paris) was a French politician in the Third Republic, at first a member of the conservative Republican Federation, then of the Democratic Republican Alliance and of the Independent Radicals.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Maison du Brésil is a building in the Cité Universitaire complex in Paris, France, designed by noted architects Le Corbusier and Lúcio Costa for Brazilian students and scientists.
Maison Guiette also known as Les Peupliers, is a house in Antwerp, Belgium, designed by Le Corbusier in 1926 and built in 1927.
Maison Planeix is a villa located in the 13th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Maisons Jaoul are a celebrated pair of houses in the upmarket Paris suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine, designed by Le Corbusier and built in 1954-56.
Malvinas Argentinas Partido is a partido in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, in the Gran Buenos Aires urban area.
Marcel Lajos Breuer (21 May 1902 – 1 July 1981), was a Hungarian-born modernist, architect, and furniture designer.
Mario Pani Darqui (March 29, 1911 – February 23, 1993) was a famous Mexican architect and urbanist.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Mart Stam (August 5, 1899 – February 21, 1986) was a Dutch architect, urban planner, and furniture designer.
Mathematics and art are related in a variety of ways.
Edwin Maxwell Fry, CBE, RA, FRIBA, FRTPI, known as Maxwell Fry (2 August 1899 – 3 September 1987), was an English modernist architect, writer and painter.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Meurthe-et-Moselle is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mill Owners’ Association Building, commonly confused with 'Ahmedabad Textile Mill Owners' Association House' (ATMA House), is a modern architecture building in Ahmedabad, India designed by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier.
The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).
Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.
The Modulor is an anthropometric scale of proportions devised by the Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier (1887–1965).
My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy is the fifth studio album by American rapper Kanye West, released on November 22, 2010, by Roc-A-Fella Records.
Nadir Afonso, GOSE (4 December 1920 – 11 December 2013) was a Portuguese geometric abstractionist painter.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
The is the premier public art gallery in Japan specializing in art from the Western tradition.
Neuilly-sur-Seine is a French commune just west of Paris, in the department of Hauts-de-Seine.
Notre Dame du Haut (Our Lady of the Heights; full name in Chapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut de Ronchamp) is a Roman Catholic chapel in Ronchamp, France.
The Open Hand Monument is a symbolic structure designed by the architect Le Corbusier and located in the Capitol Complex of the Indian city and union territory of Chandigarh.
Orion is a prominent constellation located on the celestial equator and visible throughout the world.
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012), known as Oscar Niemeyer, was a Brazilian architect considered to be one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture.
Palace of Assembly is a legislative assembly designed by noted architect Le Corbusier and located in Chandigarh, built around the 1950s in India.
The Palace of the Soviets (Дворец Советов, Dvorets Sovetov) was a project to construct an administrative center and a congress hall in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (present-day Russian Federation) near the Kremlin, on the site of the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.
The Parthenon (Παρθενών; Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron.
A partido is the second-level administrative subdivision in the.
The Pavillon Le Corbusier is a Swiss art museum in Zürich-Seefeld at Zürichhorn dedicated to the work of the Swiss architect Le Corbusier.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Pessac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Peter Behrens (14 April 1868 – 27 February 1940) was a German architect and designer.
A phalanstère (or phalanstery) was a type of building designed for a self-contained utopian community, ideally consisting of 500–2000 people working together for mutual benefit, and developed in the early 19th century by Charles Fourier.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Pierre Chareau (4 August 1883 – 24 August 1950) was a French architect and designer.
Pierre Jeanneret (22 March 1896 – 4 December 1967) was a Swiss architect who collaborated with his cousin, Charles Edouard Jeanneret (who assumed the pseudonym Le Corbusier), for about twenty years.
Pilotis, or piers, are supports such as columns, pillars, or stilts that lift a building above ground or water.
Poème électronique (English Translation: "Electronic Poem") is an 8-minute piece of electronic music by composer Edgard Varèse, written for the Philips Pavilion at the 1958 Brussels World’s Fair.
The Poem of the Right Angle (Le Poeme de l'Angle Droit) is a series of 19 paintings and corresponding writings composed by the influential Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier between 1947 and 1953.
Poissy is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France.
Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
The Pont d'Austerlitz is a bridge which crosses the Seine River in Paris, France.
Proportion is a central principle of architectural theory and an important connection between mathematics and art.
High Court of Punjab and Haryana is the common High Court for Indian states of Haryana and Punjab and Union Territory of Chandigarh based in Chandigarh, India.
Punjab is a state in northern India.
Purism, referring to the arts, was a movement that took place between 1918 and 1925 that influenced French painting and architecture.
Quartiers Modernes Frugès is a housing development located in Pessac, France.
Raoul Dautry (16 September 1880 – 21 August 1951) was a French engineer, business leader and politician.
A reinforced concrete column is a structural member designed to carry compressive loads, composed of concrete with an embedded steel frame to provide reinforcement.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Robert Mallet-Stevens (March 24, 1886 – February 8, 1945) was an influential French architect and designer.
Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren (November 11, 1911 – November 23, 2002), better known as Roberto Matta, was one of Chile's best-known painters and a seminal figure in 20th century abstract expressionist and surrealist art.
Rogelio Salmona (April 28, 1929 – October 3, 2007) was a Colombian architect.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Ronchamp is a commune in the Haute-Saône department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.
A roof garden is a garden on the roof of a building.
Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (Ròcabruna Caup Martin, Roccabruna-Capo Martino) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France between Monaco and Menton.
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges (Sankt Didel), commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune in the Vosges department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Saint-Pierre (Saint Peter) is a concrete building in the commune of Firminy, France.
Sainte Marie de La Tourette is a Dominican Order priory, located on a hillside near Lyon, France designed by the architect Le Corbusier, the architect’s final and most important building.
The Salon d'Automne (Autumn Salon), or Société du Salon d'automne, is an annual art exhibition held in Paris, France since 1903; it is currently held on the Champs-Élysées, between the Grand Palais and the Petit Palais, in mid October.
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.
Sanskar Kendra is a museum at Ahmedabad, India, designed by the architect Le Corbusier.
The scale ratio of a model represents the proportional ratio of a linear dimension of the model to the same feature of the original.
Scientific management is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows.
Secretariat Building is a Le Corbusier-designed government building built in 1953, located inside the Chandigarh Capitol Complex which comprises three buildings and three monuments — Secretariat building, Legislative Assembly building and High Court building, Open Hand Monument, Geometric Hill and Tower of Shadows.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Shadrach Woods (June 30, 1923 – July 31, 1973) was an American architect, urban planner and theorist.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
The Swiss (die Schweizer, les Suisses, gli Svizzeri, ils Svizzers) are the citizens of Switzerland, or people of Swiss ancestry. The number of Swiss nationals has grown from 1.7 million in 1815 to 7 million in 2016. More than 1.5 million Swiss citizens hold multiple citizenship. About 11% of citizens live abroad (0.8 million, of whom 0.6 million hold multiple citizenship). About 60% of those living abroad reside in the European Union (0.46 million). The largest groups of Swiss descendants and nationals outside Europe are found in the United States and Canada. Although the modern state of Switzerland originated in 1848, the period of romantic nationalism, it is not a nation-state, and the Swiss are not usually considered to form a single ethnic group, but a confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft) or Willensnation ("nation of will", "nation by choice", that is, a consociational state), a term coined in conscious contrast to "nation" in the conventionally linguistic or ethnic sense of the term. The demonym Swiss (formerly in English also Switzer) and the name of Switzerland, ultimately derive from the toponym Schwyz, have been in widespread use to refer to the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 16th century.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Syndicalism is a proposed type of economic system, considered a replacement for capitalism.
The Théâtre des Champs-Élysées is a theatre at 15 avenue Montaigne in Paris.
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement is a World Heritage Site consisting of a selection of 17 building projects by the Franco-Swiss architect Le Corbusier.
The Death and Life of Great American Cities is a 1961 book by writer and activist Jane Jacobs.
The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.
Tony Garnier (August 13, 1869 in Lyon – January 19, 1948 in Roquefort-la-Bédoule, France) was a noted architect and city planner.
Vers une architecture, recently translated into English as Toward an Architecture but commonly known as Towards a New Architecture after the 1927 translation by Frederick Etchells, is a collection of essays written by Le Corbusier (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret), advocating for and exploring the concept of modern architecture.
The Tsentrosoyuz Building or Centrosoyuz Building (Центросоюз) is a government structure in Moscow, Russia, constructed in 1933 by Le Corbusier and Nikolai Kolli.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Unité d'habitation (Housing Unit) is a modernist residential housing design principle developed by Le Corbusier, with the collaboration of painter-architect Nadir Afonso.
Unité d'Habitation of Berlin is a 1958 apartment building located in Berlin, Germany, designed by Le Corbusier following his concept of Unité d'Habitation.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
An urban planner is a professional who practices in the field of urban planning.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Vichy (Vichèi in Occitan) is a city in the Allier department of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in central France, in the historic province of Bourbonnais.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
Victor Bourgeois (29 August 1897 – 24 July 1962) was a Belgian architect and urban planner, considered the greatest Belgian modernist architect.
Villa Cook or Maison Cook is a house built by the noted architect Le Corbusier, located in Boulogne-sur-Seine, France.
Villa Jeanneret and Villa La Roche are two houses in Paris, designed by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret in 1923-1925 and renovated by Charlotte Perriand in 1928.
Villa La Roche, also Maison La Roche, is a house in Paris, designed by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret in 1923–1925.
Villa Sarabhai or Villa de Madame Manorama Sarabhai is a modernist villa located in Ahmedabad, India.
Villa Savoye is a modernist villa in Poissy, on the outskirts of Paris, France.
Villa Shodhan (or Shodhan House) is a modernist villa located in Ahmedabad, India.
The Ville contemporaine (Contemporary City) was an unrealized utopian planned community intended to house three million inhabitants designed by the French-Swiss architect Le Corbusier in 1922.
Ville radieuse (Radiant City) was an unrealised project designed by the French-Swiss architect Le Corbusier in 1930.
The Vitruvian Man (Le proporzioni del corpo umano secondo Vitruvio, which is translated to "The proportions of the human body according to Vitruvius"), or simply L'Uomo Vitruviano, is a drawing by Leonardo da Vinci around 1490.
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (c. 80–70 BC – after c. 15 BC), commonly known as Vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil engineer and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-volume work entitled De architectura.
The Vosges (or; Vogesen), also called the Vosges Mountains, are a range of low mountains in eastern France, near its border with Germany.
Wallace Kirkman Harrison (September 28, 1895 – December 2, 1981) was an American architect.
Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (18 May 1883 – 5 July 1969) was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School, who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modernist architecture.
The Weissenhof Estate (or Weissenhof Settlement; in German Weißenhofsiedlung) is a housing estate built for exhibition in Stuttgart in 1927.
William J. R. Curtis (born 21 March 1948, in Birchington, Kent, England) is an architectural historian whose writings have focused on twentieth century architecture.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
Zlín (Zlin) is a city in southeastern Moravia in the Czech Republic, the seat of the Zlín Region, on the Dřevnice River.
The 16th arrondissement of Paris (XVIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
Charles Edouard Jeanneret, Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Jeanneret, Charles Le Corbusier, Charles Édouard Jeanneret, Charles-Edouard Jeannere, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, Charles-Edouard Jeannert Le Corbusier, Charles-Edouard Le Corbusier, Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, Charles-Édouard Le Corbusier, Corbusian, Corbusier, Corbusierian, Edouard Corbusier, Jeanneret, Le Corbisier, Le Corbu, Le Corbuisier, Le courbusier, Lecorbusier, Petit confort, Tower in a park, Tower in the Park.