Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Lead poisoning

Index Lead poisoning

Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body. [1]

333 relations: Abdominal pain, Adverse effect, All Things Considered, American Dairy Science Association, Aminolevulinic acid, Amnesia, Anatolia, Ancient Roman cuisine, Anemia, Animal testing, Anorexia (symptom), Anseriformes, Anti-social behaviour, Anticonvulsant, Anxiety disorder, Appendicitis, Aqueduct (water supply), Asthma, Astringent, Asymptomatic, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Aviation fuel, Axon, Ayurveda, Basophilic stippling, Benjamin Franklin, Big Bazaar, Biomonitoring, Birth weight, Bismuth, Blood, Blood cell, Blood film, Blood lead level, Blood–brain barrier, Bone remodeling, Boston, Brain, Burton line, Calcification, Calcium, Calcium carbonate, Calcium in biology, California condor, Caravaggio, Carcinogen, Cardiovascular disease, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Cataract, Cathartic, ..., Cell membrane, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Central nervous system, Cerebral cortex, Cerebral edema, Cerebral palsy, Chelation, Chelation therapy, Chloramine, Chlorine, Circulatory system, Clair Cameron Patterson, Classical antiquity, Cofactor (biochemistry), Cognitive deficit, Colic, Collagen, Coma, Combustion, Conagra Brands, Conflict of interest, Confounding, Constipation, Coordination complex, Copper, Coronary arteries, Corrosion, Corticosteroid, Critically endangered, Death, Delirium, Delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, Developing country, Developmental disability, Devon, Devon colic, Diabetes mellitus, Diarrhea, Differential diagnosis, Dimercaprol, Dimercaptosuccinic acid, Disability-adjusted life year, Disease burden, Disinfectant, DNA, Dose–response relationship, Downregulation and upregulation, Drinking water, Dysautonomia, Earthenware, Easyday, Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg, Edict, Emotional self-regulation, Encephalitis, Encephalopathy, Endoscopy, Environmental hazard, Environmental medicine, Enzyme, Epileptic seizure, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Excretion, Exhaust gas, Extracellular fluid, Fall of the Western Roman Empire, Fanconi syndrome, Ferrochelatase, Fine motor skill, Flint water crisis, Folate, Food preservation, Foot drop, Foundry, Francisco Goya, Fruit press, Future Group, Gasoline, Gastroenteritis, Gastrointestinal disease, Gastrointestinal tract, Gout, Grand Canyon, Granulocyte, Grape syrup, Guillain–Barré syndrome, Gujarat, Hair, Headache, Hearing loss, Heart rate variability, Heme, Hemoglobin, Hemoglobinuria, Hemolysis, Henan, Herbalism, Herbert Needleman, Hyperkinetic disorder, Hypertension, Hypocalcaemia, Hypochromic anemia, Immune system, India, Industrial Revolution, Infertility, Inflammation, Ingestion, Inhalation, Inorganic compound, Insomnia, Intellectual disability, Intelligence quotient, Intracranial pressure, Investigative journalism, Ion channel, Iron, Iron deficiency, Iron-deficiency anemia, Jiyuan, Julius Caesar, Kidney disease, Kidney failure, Kohl (cosmetics), Lead, Lead abatement in the United States, Lead contamination in Washington, D.C. drinking water, Lead paint, Lead smelting, Lead(II) acetate, Lead-crime hypothesis, League of Nations, Learning disability, Libido, Ligand, List of gasoline additives, Litharge, Litre, Livor mortis, Lone pair, Long-term depression, Long-term potentiation, Ludwig van Beethoven, Maggi, Malabsorption, Malaise, Mannitol, Medical literature, Medical sign, Medical toxicology, Mental chronometry, Mercury (element), Metal toxicity, Metaphysis, Microcytosis, Microgram, Middle Ages, Minimally invasive procedures, Mining, Miscarriage, Morphology (biology), Mortality rate, Motility, Motor nerve, Municipal solid waste, Must, Myalgia, Myelin, National Safety Council, NDTV, Neoplasm, Nephrotoxicity, Nervous system, Neurochemical, Neurology, Neuromuscular junction, Neuron, Neuropsychiatry, Neurotoxicity, New Delhi, Nicander, Nickel, NL Industries, NMDA receptor, NPR, Occupational disease, Oil painting, Oliguria, Ore, Organic compound, Ozone, Pacific Standard, Pallor, Paralysis, Paresthesia, Paroxysmal attack, Pedanius Dioscorides, Penicillamine, Peripheral nervous system, Peripheral neuropathy, Pesticide, PH, Pica (disorder), Picher, Oklahoma, Placenta, Plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase, PLOS One, Polyneuropathy, Pottery, Pre-industrial society, Preterm birth, Protoporphyrin IX, Proximal tubule, Radiation protection, Radical (chemistry), Radiodensity, Red blood cell, Renal colic, Reproductive system, Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive, Rick Nevin, Roman aqueduct, Rum, Samuel Stockhausen, Scavenger, Semen analysis, Sherwin-Williams, Shock (circulatory), Short-term memory, Shot (pellet), Shotgun shell, Sideroblastic anemia, Smelting, Social skills, Sodium calcium edetate, Soil, Solder, Steel, Still, Stroke, Subdural hematoma, Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services, Symptom, Synapse, Synovial membrane, Tap (valve), Tetraethyllead, The New England Journal of Medicine, The Times Group, The Times of India, The Washington Post, Thiol, Tin, Tommy Thompson, Tooth decay, Toxicity, Toxicology, Transcription (biology), Tremor, Tungsten, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of Maryland, College Park, Urban agriculture, Uric acid, Vincent van Gogh's health, Vitamin, Vitamin D, Vitruvius, Water supply, Weight loss, White lead, Whole bowel irrigation, World Health Organization, Wrist drop, X-ray, X-ray fluorescence, Zamfara State lead poisoning epidemic, Zinc, Zinc deficiency, Zinc protoporphyrin, 2007 Chinese export recalls, 2009 Chinese lead poisoning scandal. Expand index (283 more) »

Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Abdominal pain · See more »

Adverse effect

In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Adverse effect · See more »

All Things Considered

All Things Considered (ATC) is the flagship news program on the American network National Public Radio (NPR).

New!!: Lead poisoning and All Things Considered · See more »

American Dairy Science Association

The American Dairy Science Association (ADSA) is a non-profit professional organization for the advancement of dairy science.

New!!: Lead poisoning and American Dairy Science Association · See more »

Aminolevulinic acid

δ-Aminolevulinic acid (also dALA, δ-ALA, 5ALA or 5-aminolevulinic acid), an endogenous non-protein amino acid, is the first compound in the porphyrin synthesis pathway, the pathway that leads to heme in mammals and chlorophyll in plants.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Aminolevulinic acid · See more »


Amnesia is a deficit in memory caused by brain damage, disease, or psychological trauma.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Amnesia · See more »


Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Anatolia · See more »

Ancient Roman cuisine

Ancient Roman cuisine changed over the long duration of the ancient Roman civilization.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ancient Roman cuisine · See more »


Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Anemia · See more »

Animal testing

Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Animal testing · See more »

Anorexia (symptom)

Anorexia (from Ancient Greek ανορεξία: 'ἀν-' "without" + 'όρεξις', spelled 'órexis' meaning "appetite") is the decreased sensation of appetite.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Anorexia (symptom) · See more »


Anseriformes is an order of birds that comprise about 180 living species in three families: Anhimidae (the screamers), Anseranatidae (the magpie goose), and Anatidae, the largest family, which includes over 170 species of waterfowl, among them the ducks, geese, and swans.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Anseriformes · See more »

Anti-social behaviour

Anti-social behaviours are actions that harm or lack consideration for the well-being of others.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Anti-social behaviour · See more »


Anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs or as antiseizure drugs) are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Anticonvulsant · See more »

Anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Anxiety disorder · See more »


Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Appendicitis · See more »

Aqueduct (water supply)

An aqueduct is a watercourse constructed to convey water.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Aqueduct (water supply) · See more »


Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Asthma · See more »


An astringent (sometimes called adstringent) is a chemical that shrinks or constricts body tissues.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Astringent · See more »


In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Asymptomatic · See more »

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder · See more »

Aviation fuel

Aviation fuel is a specialized type of petroleum-based fuel used to power aircraft.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Aviation fuel · See more »


An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis) or nerve fiber, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses known as action potentials, away from the nerve cell body.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Axon · See more »


Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ayurveda · See more »

Basophilic stippling

Basophilic stippling, also known as punctate basophilia, is the presence of numerous basophilic granules that are dispersed through the cytoplasm of erythrocyte in a peripheral blood smear.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Basophilic stippling · See more »

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Benjamin Franklin · See more »

Big Bazaar

Big Bazaar is an Indian retail store that operates as a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Big Bazaar · See more »


In analytical chemistry, biomonitoring is the measurement of the body burden of toxic chemical compounds, elements, or their metabolites, in biological substances.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Biomonitoring · See more »

Birth weight

Birth weight is the body weight of a baby at its birth.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Birth weight · See more »


Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Bismuth · See more »


Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Blood · See more »

Blood cell

A blood cell, also called a haematopoietic cell, hemocyte, or hematocyte, is a cell produced through hematopoiesis and found mainly in the blood.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Blood cell · See more »

Blood film

A blood film—or peripheral blood smear—is a thin layer of blood smeared on a glass microscope slide and then stained in such a way as to allow the various blood cells to be examined microscopically.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Blood film · See more »

Blood lead level

Blood lead level (BLL), is a measure of the amount of lead in the blood.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Blood lead level · See more »

Blood–brain barrier

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Blood–brain barrier · See more »

Bone remodeling

Bone remodeling (or bone metabolism) is a lifelong process where mature bone tissue is removed from the skeleton (a process called bone resorption) and new bone tissue is formed (a process called ossification or new bone formation).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Bone remodeling · See more »


Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Boston · See more »


The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Brain · See more »

Burton line

The Burton line or Burtonian line is a clinical sign found in patients with chronic lead poisoning.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Burton line · See more »


Calcification is the accumulation of calcium salts in a body tissue.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Calcification · See more »


Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Calcium · See more »

Calcium carbonate

Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Calcium carbonate · See more »

Calcium in biology

Calcium ions (Ca2+) play a vital role in the physiology and biochemistry of organisms and the cell.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Calcium in biology · See more »

California condor

The California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) is a New World vulture, the largest North American land bird.

New!!: Lead poisoning and California condor · See more »


Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (28 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily from the early 1590s to 1610.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Caravaggio · See more »


A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Carcinogen · See more »

Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cardiovascular disease · See more »

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a medical condition due to compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Carpal tunnel syndrome · See more »


A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cataract · See more »


In medicine, a cathartic is a substance that accelerates defecation.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cathartic · See more »

Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cell membrane · See more »

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention · See more »

Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Central nervous system · See more »

Cerebral cortex

The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cerebral cortex · See more »

Cerebral edema

Cerebral edema is excess accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cerebral edema · See more »

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cerebral palsy · See more »


Chelation is a type of bonding of ions and molecules to metal ions.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Chelation · See more »

Chelation therapy

Chelation therapy is a medical procedure that involves the administration of chelating agents to remove heavy metals from the body.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Chelation therapy · See more »


Chloramines are derivatives of ammonia by substitution of one, two or three hydrogen atoms with chlorine atoms: monochloramine (chloroamine, NH2Cl), dichloramine (NHCl2), and nitrogen trichloride (NCl3).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Chloramine · See more »


Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Chlorine · See more »

Circulatory system

The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Circulatory system · See more »

Clair Cameron Patterson

Clair Cameron Patterson (June 2, 1922 – December 5, 1995) was an American geochemist.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Clair Cameron Patterson · See more »

Classical antiquity

Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Classical antiquity · See more »

Cofactor (biochemistry)

A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's activity.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cofactor (biochemistry) · See more »

Cognitive deficit

Cognitive deficit or cognitive impairment is an inclusive term to describe any characteristic that acts as a barrier to the cognition process.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Cognitive deficit · See more »


Colic or cholic (pronounced,, from Greek κολικός kolikos, "relative to the colon") is a form of pain that starts and stops abruptly.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Colic · See more »


Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Collagen · See more »


Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awaken; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Coma · See more »


Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Combustion · See more »

Conagra Brands

Conagra Brands, Inc. is a North American packaged foods company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Conagra Brands · See more »

Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, and serving one interest could involve working against another.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Conflict of interest · See more »


In statistics, a confounder (also confounding variable, confounding factor or lurking variable) is a variable that influences both the dependent variable and independent variable causing a spurious association.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Confounding · See more »


Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Constipation · See more »

Coordination complex

In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Coordination complex · See more »


Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Copper · See more »

Coronary arteries

The coronary arteries are the arteries of the coronary circulation that transport blood into and out of the cardiac muscle.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Coronary arteries · See more »


Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Corrosion · See more »


Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Corticosteroid · See more »

Critically endangered

A critically endangered (CR) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Critically endangered · See more »


Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Death · See more »


Delirium, also known as acute confusional state, is an organically caused decline from a previously baseline level of mental function.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Delirium · See more »

Delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase

Delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALAD gene.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase · See more »

Developing country

A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Developing country · See more »

Developmental disability

Developmental disability is a diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments that arise before adulthood.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Developmental disability · See more »


Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Devon · See more »

Devon colic

Devon colic was a condition that affected people in the English county of Devon during parts of the 17th and 18th centuries, before it was discovered to be lead poisoning.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Devon colic · See more »

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Diabetes mellitus · See more »


Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Diarrhea · See more »

Differential diagnosis

In medicine, a differential diagnosis is the distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar clinical features.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Differential diagnosis · See more »


Dimercaprol, also called British anti-Lewisite (BAL), is a medication used to treat acute poisoning by arsenic, mercury, gold, and lead.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Dimercaprol · See more »

Dimercaptosuccinic acid

Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), also called succimer, is a medication used to treat lead, mercury, and arsenic poisoning.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Dimercaptosuccinic acid · See more »

Disability-adjusted life year

The disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Disability-adjusted life year · See more »

Disease burden

Disease burden is the impact of a health problem as measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Disease burden · See more »


Disinfectants are antimicrobial agents that are applied to the surface of non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Disinfectant · See more »


Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

New!!: Lead poisoning and DNA · See more »

Dose–response relationship

The dose–response relationship, or exposure–response relationship, describes the change in effect on an organism caused by differing levels of exposure (or doses) to a stressor (usually a chemical) after a certain exposure time, or to a food.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Dose–response relationship · See more »

Downregulation and upregulation

In the biological context of organisms' production of gene products, downregulation is the process by which a cell decreases the quantity of a cellular component, such as RNA or protein, in response to an external stimulus.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Downregulation and upregulation · See more »

Drinking water

Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Drinking water · See more »


Dysautonomia or autonomic dysfunction is a condition in which the autonomic nervous system (ANS) does not work properly.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Dysautonomia · See more »


Earthenware is glazed or unglazed nonvitreous pottery that has normally been fired below 1200°C.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Earthenware · See more »


Easyday is an Indian retail brand that runs chains of consumer retail supermarkets and convenience stores.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Easyday · See more »

Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg

Duke Eberhard Louis (18 September 1676 – 31 October 1733) was the tenth duke of Württemberg, from 1692 until 1733.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg · See more »


An edict is a decree or announcement of a law, often associated with monarchism, but it can be under any official authority.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Edict · See more »

Emotional self-regulation

Emotional self-regulation or regulation of emotion is the ability to respond to the ongoing demands of experience with the range of emotions in a manner that is socially tolerable and sufficiently flexible to permit spontaneous reactions as well as the ability to delay spontaneous reactions as needed.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Emotional self-regulation · See more »


Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Encephalitis · See more »


Encephalopathy (from ἐγκέφαλος "brain" + πάθος "suffering") means any disorder or disease of the brain, especially chronic degenerative conditions.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Encephalopathy · See more »


An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Endoscopy · See more »

Environmental hazard

An environmental hazard is a substance, a state or an event which has the potential to threaten the surrounding natural environment / or adversely affect people's health, including pollution and natural disasters such as storms and earthquakes Any single or combination of toxic chemical, biological, or physical agents in the environment, resulting from human activities or natural processes, that may impact the health of exposed subjects, including pollutants such as heavy metals, pesticides, biological contaminants, toxic waste, industrial and home chemicals.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Environmental hazard · See more »

Environmental medicine

Environmental medicine is a multidisciplinary field involving medicine, environmental science, chemistry and others, overlapping with environmental pathology.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Environmental medicine · See more »


Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Enzyme · See more »

Epileptic seizure

An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Epileptic seizure · See more »

Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid

Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), also known by several other names, is a chemical originating in multiseasonal plants with dormancy stages as a lipidopreservative which helps to develop the stem, currently used for both industrial and medical purposes.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid · See more »


Excretion is the process by which metabolic waste is eliminated from an organism.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Excretion · See more »

Exhaust gas

Exhaust gas or flue gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Exhaust gas · See more »

Extracellular fluid

Extracellular fluid (ECF) denotes all body fluid outside the cells.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Extracellular fluid · See more »

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called Fall of the Roman Empire or Fall of Rome) was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Fall of the Western Roman Empire · See more »

Fanconi syndrome

Fanconi syndrome or Fanconi's syndrome is a syndrome of inadequate reabsorption in the proximal renal tubules of the kidney.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Fanconi syndrome · See more »


Ferrochelatase (or protoporphyrin ferrochelatase) is an enzyme that is encoded by the FECH gene in humans.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ferrochelatase · See more »

Fine motor skill

Fine motor skill (or dexterity) is the coordination of small muscles, in movements—usually involving the synchronization of hands and fingers—with the eyes.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Fine motor skill · See more »

Flint water crisis

The Flint water crisis began in 2014 when the drinking water source for the city of Flint, Michigan was changed from Lake Huron and the Detroit River to the cheaper Flint River.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Flint water crisis · See more »


Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Folate · See more »

Food preservation

Food preservation prevents the growth of microorganisms (such as yeasts), or other microorganisms (although some methods work by introducing benign bacteria or fungi to the food), as well as slowing the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Food preservation · See more »

Foot drop

Foot drop is a gait abnormality in which the dropping of the forefoot happens due to weakness, irritation or damage to the common fibular nerve including the sciatic nerve, or paralysis of the muscles in the anterior portion of the lower leg.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Foot drop · See more »


A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Foundry · See more »

Francisco Goya

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Francisco Goya · See more »

Fruit press

A fruit press is a device used to separate fruit solids - stems, skins, seeds, pulp, leaves, and detritus - from fruit juice.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Fruit press · See more »

Future Group

Future Group is an Indian private conglomerate, headquartered in Mumbai.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Future Group · See more »


Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Gasoline · See more »


Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the stomach and small intestine.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Gastroenteritis · See more »

Gastrointestinal disease

Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Gastrointestinal disease · See more »

Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Gastrointestinal tract · See more »


Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Gout · See more »

Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon (Hopi: Ongtupqa; Wi:kaʼi:la, Navajo: Tsékooh Hatsoh, Spanish: Gran Cañón) is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Grand Canyon · See more »


Granulocytes are a category of white blood cells characterized by the presence of granules in their cytoplasm.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Granulocyte · See more »

Grape syrup

Grape syrup is a condiment made with concentrated grape juice.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Grape syrup · See more »

Guillain–Barré syndrome

Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rapid-onset muscle weakness caused by the immune system damaging the peripheral nervous system.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Guillain–Barré syndrome · See more »


Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Gujarat · See more »


Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hair · See more »


Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Headache · See more »

Hearing loss

Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hearing loss · See more »

Heart rate variability

Heart rate variability (HRV) is the physiological phenomenon of variation in the time interval between heartbeats.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Heart rate variability · See more »


Heme or haem is a coordination complex "consisting of an iron ion coordinated to a porphyrin acting as a tetradentate ligand, and to one or two axial ligands." The definition is loose, and many depictions omit the axial ligands.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Heme · See more »


Hemoglobin (American) or haemoglobin (British); abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hemoglobin · See more »


In medicine, hemoglobinuria or haemoglobinuria is a condition in which the oxygen transport protein hemoglobin is found in abnormally high concentrations in the urine.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hemoglobinuria · See more »


Hemolysis or haemolysis, also known by several other names, is the rupturing (lysis) of red blood cells (erythrocytes) and the release of their contents (cytoplasm) into surrounding fluid (e.g. blood plasma).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hemolysis · See more »


Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Henan · See more »


Herbalism (also herbal medicine or phytotherapy) is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Herbalism · See more »

Herbert Needleman

Herbert Leroy Needleman (December 13, 1927 – July 18, 2017), known for research studies on the neurodevelopmental damage caused by lead poisoning, was a pediatrician, child psychiatrist, researcher and professor at the University of Pittsburgh, an elected member of the Institute of Medicine, and the founder of the Alliance to End Childhood Lead Poisoning (later known as the Alliance for Healthy Homes, it has since merged with the National Center for Healthy Housing).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Herbert Needleman · See more »

Hyperkinetic disorder

Hyperkinetic disorder is an outdated term for a psychiatric neurodevelopmental condition emerging in early childhood.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hyperkinetic disorder · See more »


Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hypertension · See more »


Hypocalcaemia, also spelled hypocalcemia, is low calcium levels in the blood serum.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hypocalcaemia · See more »

Hypochromic anemia

Hypochromic anemia, or Hypochromic anaemia, is a generic term for any type of anemia in which the red blood cells (erythrocytes) are paler than normal.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Hypochromic anemia · See more »

Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Immune system · See more »


India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Lead poisoning and India · See more »

Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Industrial Revolution · See more »


Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Infertility · See more »


Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Inflammation · See more »


Ingestion is the consumption of a substance by an organism.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ingestion · See more »


Inhalation (also known as inspiration) happens when oxygen from the air enters the lungs.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Inhalation · See more »

Inorganic compound

An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Inorganic compound · See more »


Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Insomnia · See more »

Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Intellectual disability · See more »

Intelligence quotient

An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a total score derived from several standardized tests designed to assess human intelligence.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Intelligence quotient · See more »

Intracranial pressure

Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure inside the skull and thus in the brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Intracranial pressure · See more »

Investigative journalism

Investigative journalism is a form of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a single topic of interest, such as serious crimes, political corruption, or corporate wrongdoing.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Investigative journalism · See more »

Ion channel

Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ion channel · See more »


Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Iron · See more »

Iron deficiency

Iron deficiency, or sideropaenia, is the state in which a body has not enough (or not qualitatively enough) iron to supply its eventual needs.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Iron deficiency · See more »

Iron-deficiency anemia

Iron-deficiency anemia is anemia caused by a lack of iron.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Iron-deficiency anemia · See more »


Jiyuan is a sub-prefecture-level city in northwestern Henan province, People's Republic of China.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Jiyuan · See more »

Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Julius Caesar · See more »

Kidney disease

Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Kidney disease · See more »

Kidney failure

Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, is a medical condition in which the kidneys no longer work.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Kidney failure · See more »

Kohl (cosmetics)

Kohl (كُحْل) is an ancient eye cosmetic, traditionally made by grinding stibnite (Sb2S3) for similar purposes to charcoal used in mascara.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Kohl (cosmetics) · See more »


Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lead · See more »

Lead abatement in the United States

Lead abatement is an activity to reduce levels of lead, particularly in the home environment, generally to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards, in order to reduce or eliminate incidents of lead poisoning.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lead abatement in the United States · See more »

Lead contamination in Washington, D.C. drinking water

Lead contamination in Washington, D.C. drinking water, first discovered in 2001, left thousands of children with lifelong health risks, and led to a re-evaluation of the use of chloramine in public drinking-water systems.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lead contamination in Washington, D.C. drinking water · See more »

Lead paint

Lead paint or lead-based paint is paint containing lead.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lead paint · See more »

Lead smelting

Plants for the production of lead are generally referred to as lead smelters.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lead smelting · See more »

Lead(II) acetate

Lead(II) acetate (Pb(CH3COO)2), also known as lead acetate, lead diacetate, plumbous acetate, sugar of lead, lead sugar, salt of Saturn, or Goulard's powder, is a white crystalline chemical compound with a sweetish taste.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lead(II) acetate · See more »

Lead-crime hypothesis

The lead-crime hypothesis is the proposed link between elevated blood lead levels in children and later increases in crime.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lead-crime hypothesis · See more »

League of Nations

The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.

New!!: Lead poisoning and League of Nations · See more »

Learning disability

Learning disability is a classification that includes several areas of functioning in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner, usually caused by an unknown factor or factors.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Learning disability · See more »


Libido, colloquially known as sex drive, is a person's overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Libido · See more »


In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ligand · See more »

List of gasoline additives

Gasoline additives increase gasoline's octane rating or act as corrosion inhibitors or lubricants, thus allowing the use of higher compression ratios for greater efficiency and power.

New!!: Lead poisoning and List of gasoline additives · See more »


Litharge (from Greek lithargyros, lithos (stone) + argyros (silver) λιθάργυρος) is one of the natural mineral forms of lead(II) oxide, PbO.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Litharge · See more »


The litre (SI spelling) or liter (American spelling) (symbols L or l, sometimes abbreviated ltr) is an SI accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre (dm3), 1,000 cubic centimetres (cm3) or 1/1,000 cubic metre. A cubic decimetre (or litre) occupies a volume of 10 cm×10 cm×10 cm (see figure) and is thus equal to one-thousandth of a cubic metre. The original French metric system used the litre as a base unit. The word litre is derived from an older French unit, the litron, whose name came from Greek — where it was a unit of weight, not volume — via Latin, and which equalled approximately 0.831 litres. The litre was also used in several subsequent versions of the metric system and is accepted for use with the SI,, p. 124. ("Days" and "hours" are examples of other non-SI units that SI accepts.) although not an SI unit — the SI unit of volume is the cubic metre (m3). The spelling used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures is "litre", a spelling which is shared by almost all English-speaking countries. The spelling "liter" is predominantly used in American English. One litre of liquid water has a mass of almost exactly one kilogram, because the kilogram was originally defined in 1795 as the mass of one cubic decimetre of water at the temperature of melting ice. Subsequent redefinitions of the metre and kilogram mean that this relationship is no longer exact.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Litre · See more »

Livor mortis

Livor mortis (Latin: livor – "bluish color", mortis – "of death"), postmortem lividity (Latin: postmortem – "after death", lividity – "black and blue"), hypostasis (Greek: hypo, meaning "under, beneath"; stasis, meaning "a standing") or suggillation, is the fourth stage and one of the signs of death.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Livor mortis · See more »

Lone pair

In chemistry, a lone pair refers to a pair of valence electrons that are not shared with another atomIUPAC Gold Book definition: and is sometimes called a non-bonding pair.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Lone pair · See more »

Long-term depression

Long-term depression (LTD), in neurophysiology, is an activity-dependent reduction in the efficacy of neuronal synapses lasting hours or longer following a long patterned stimulus.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Long-term depression · See more »

Long-term potentiation

In neuroscience, long-term potentiation (LTP) is a persistent strengthening of synapses based on recent patterns of activity.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Long-term potentiation · See more »

Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ludwig van Beethoven · See more »


Maggi or; Swiss German:.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Maggi · See more »


Malabsorption is a state arising from abnormality in absorption of food nutrients across the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Malabsorption · See more »


Malaise is a feeling of general discomfort, uneasiness or pain, often the first indication of an infection or other disease.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Malaise · See more »


Mannitol is a type of sugar alcohol which is also used as a medication.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Mannitol · See more »

Medical literature

Medical literature is the scientific literature of medicine: articles in journals and texts in books devoted to the field of medicine.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Medical literature · See more »

Medical sign

A medical sign is an objective indication of some medical fact or characteristic that may be detected by a patient or anyone, especially a physician, before or during a physical examination of a patient.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Medical sign · See more »

Medical toxicology

Medical toxicology is a subspecialty of medicine focusing on toxicology and providing the diagnosis, management, and prevention of poisoning and other adverse effects due to medications, occupational and environmental toxicants, and biological agents.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Medical toxicology · See more »

Mental chronometry

Mental chronometry is the use of response time in perceptual-motor tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of cognitive operations.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Mental chronometry · See more »

Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Mercury (element) · See more »

Metal toxicity

Metal toxicity or metal poisoning is the toxic effect of certain metals in certain forms and doses on life.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Metal toxicity · See more »


The metaphysis is the narrow portion of a long bone between the epiphysis and the diaphysis.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Metaphysis · See more »


Microcytosis is a condition in which red blood cells are unusually small as measured by their mean corpuscular volume.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Microcytosis · See more »


In the metric system, a microgram or microgramme (μg; the recommended symbol in the United States when communicating medical information is mcg) is a unit of mass equal to one millionth of a gram.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Microgram · See more »

Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Middle Ages · See more »

Minimally invasive procedures

Minimally invasive procedures (also known as minimally invasive surgeries) encompass surgical techniques that limit the size of incisions needed and so lessen wound healing time, associated pain and risk of infection.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Minimally invasive procedures · See more »


Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Mining · See more »


Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Miscarriage · See more »

Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Morphology (biology) · See more »

Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Mortality rate · See more »


Motility is the ability of an organism to move independently, using metabolic energy.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Motility · See more »

Motor nerve

A motor nerve is a nerve located in the central nervous system (CNS), usually the spinal cord, that sends motor signals from the CNS to the muscles of the body.This is different from the motor neuron, which includes a cell body and branching of dendrites, while the nerve is made up of a bundle of axons.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Motor nerve · See more »

Municipal solid waste

Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage in the United States and rubbish in Britain, is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are discarded by the public.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Municipal solid waste · See more »


Must (from the Latin vinum mustum, "young wine") is freshly crushed fruit juice (usually grape juice) that contains the skins, seeds, and stems of the fruit.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Must · See more »


Myalgia, or muscle pain, is a symptom of many diseases and disorders.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Myalgia · See more »


Myelin is a lipid-rich substance that surrounds the axon of some nerve cells, forming an electrically insulating layer.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Myelin · See more »

National Safety Council

The National Safety Council (NSC) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, nongovernmental public service organization promoting health and safety in the United States of America.

New!!: Lead poisoning and National Safety Council · See more »


New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) is an Indian television media company founded in 1988 by Radhika Roy, a journalist.

New!!: Lead poisoning and NDTV · See more »


Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Neoplasm · See more »


Nephrotoxicity is toxicity in the kidneys.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Nephrotoxicity · See more »

Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Nervous system · See more »


A neurochemical is a small organic molecule or peptide that participates in neural activity.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Neurochemical · See more »


Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Neurology · See more »

Neuromuscular junction

A neuromuscular junction (or myoneural junction) is a chemical synapse formed by the contact between a motor neuron and a muscle fiber.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Neuromuscular junction · See more »


A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Neuron · See more »


Neuropsychiatry is a branch of medicine that deals with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Neuropsychiatry · See more »


Neurotoxicity is a form of toxicity in which a biological, chemical, or physical agent produces an adverse effect on the structure or function of the central and/or peripheral nervous system.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Neurotoxicity · See more »

New Delhi

New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.

New!!: Lead poisoning and New Delhi · See more »


Nicander of Colophon (Níkandros ho Kolophṓnios; fl. 2nd century BC), Greek poet, physician and grammarian, was born at Claros (Ahmetbeyli in modern Turkey), near Colophon, where his family held the hereditary priesthood of Apollo.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Nicander · See more »


Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Nickel · See more »

NL Industries

NL Industries, formerly known as the National Lead Company, is a lead smelting company currently based in Houston, Texas.

New!!: Lead poisoning and NL Industries · See more »

NMDA receptor

The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (also known as the NMDA receptor or NMDAR), is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein found in nerve cells.

New!!: Lead poisoning and NMDA receptor · See more »


National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.

New!!: Lead poisoning and NPR · See more »

Occupational disease

An occupational disease is any chronic ailment that occurs as a result of work or occupational activity.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Occupational disease · See more »

Oil painting

Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments with a medium of drying oil as the binder.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Oil painting · See more »


Oliguria or hypouresis (both names from roots meaning "not enough urine") is the low output of urine.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Oliguria · See more »


An ore is an occurrence of rock or sediment that contains sufficient minerals with economically important elements, typically metals, that can be economically extracted from the deposit.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ore · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Organic compound · See more »


Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Ozone · See more »

Pacific Standard

Pacific Standard is an American magazine that reports on issues of social and environmental justice.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Pacific Standard · See more »


Pallor is a pale color of the skin that can be caused by illness, emotional shock or stress, stimulant use, or anemia, and is the result of a reduced amount of oxyhaemoglobin and is visible in skin conjuctivae or mucous membrane.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Pallor · See more »


Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Paralysis · See more »


Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning of a person's skin with no apparent physical cause.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Paresthesia · See more »

Paroxysmal attack

Paroxysmal attacks or paroxysms (from Greek παροξυσμός) are a sudden recurrence or intensification of symptoms, such as a spasm or seizure.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Paroxysmal attack · See more »

Pedanius Dioscorides

Pedanius Dioscorides (Πεδάνιος Διοσκουρίδης, Pedianos Dioskorides; 40 – 90 AD) was a Greek physician, pharmacologist, botanist, and author of De Materia Medica (Περὶ ὕλης ἰατρικῆς, On Medical Material) —a 5-volume Greek encyclopedia about herbal medicine and related medicinal substances (a pharmacopeia), that was widely read for more than 1,500 years.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Pedanius Dioscorides · See more »


Penicillamine, sold under the trade names of Cuprimine among others, is a medication primarily used for the treatment of Wilson's disease.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Penicillamine · See more »

Peripheral nervous system

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is one of the two components of the nervous system, the other part is the central nervous system (CNS).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Peripheral nervous system · See more »

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Peripheral neuropathy · See more »


Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Pesticide · See more »


In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

New!!: Lead poisoning and PH · See more »

Pica (disorder)

Pica is a psychological disorder characterized by an appetite for substances that are largely non-nutritive, such as ice (pagophagia); hair (trichophagia); paper (xylophagia); drywall or paint; metal (metallophagia); stones (lithophagia) or soil (geophagia); glass (hyalophagia); or feces (coprophagia); and chalk.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Pica (disorder) · See more »

Picher, Oklahoma

Picher is a ghost town and former city in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Picher, Oklahoma · See more »


The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Placenta · See more »

Plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase

The plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase (PMCA) is a transport protein in the plasma membrane of cells and functions to remove calcium (Ca2+) from the cell.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase · See more »


PLOS One (stylized PLOS ONE, and formerly PLoS ONE) is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS) since 2006.

New!!: Lead poisoning and PLOS One · See more »


Polyneuropathy (poly- + neuro- + -pathy) is damage or disease affecting peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy) in roughly the same areas on both sides of the body, featuring weakness, numbness, and burning pain.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Polyneuropathy · See more »


Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Pottery · See more »

Pre-industrial society

Pre-industrial society refers to social attributes and forms of political and cultural organization that were prevalent before the advent of the Industrial Revolution, which occurred from 1750 to 1850.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Pre-industrial society · See more »

Preterm birth

Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Preterm birth · See more »

Protoporphyrin IX

Protoporphyrin IX is an organic compound, which is one of the most common porphyrins in nature.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Protoporphyrin IX · See more »

Proximal tubule

The proximal tubule is the portion of the duct system of the nephron of the kidney which leads from Bowman's capsule to the loop of Henle.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Proximal tubule · See more »

Radiation protection

Radiation protection, sometimes known as radiological protection, is defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as "The protection of people from harmful effects of exposure to ionizing radiation, and the means for achieving this".

New!!: Lead poisoning and Radiation protection · See more »

Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Radical (chemistry) · See more »


Radiodensity (or radiopacity) is opacity to the radio wave and X-ray portion of the electromagnetic spectrum: that is, the relative inability of those kinds of electromagnetic radiation to pass through a particular material.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Radiodensity · See more »

Red blood cell

Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Red blood cell · See more »

Renal colic

Renal colic is a type of abdominal pain commonly caused by kidney stones.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Renal colic · See more »

Reproductive system

The reproductive system or genital system is a system of sex organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of sexual reproduction.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Reproductive system · See more »

Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive

The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC, (RoHS 1), short for Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, was adopted in February 2003 by the European Union.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive · See more »

Rick Nevin

Rick Nevin is an economic consultant who acts as an adviser to the National Center for Healthy Housing and has worked on the Federal Strategy to eliminate childhood lead poisoning.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Rick Nevin · See more »

Roman aqueduct

The Romans constructed aqueducts throughout their Empire, to bring water from outside sources into cities and towns.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Roman aqueduct · See more »


Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses or honeys, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Rum · See more »

Samuel Stockhausen

Samuel Stockhausen was a German physician in the mining town of Goslar.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Samuel Stockhausen · See more »


Scavenging is both a carnivorous and a herbivorous feeding behavior in which the scavenger feeds on dead animal and plant material present in its habitat.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Scavenger · See more »

Semen analysis

A semen analysis (plural: semen analyses), also called "seminogram" evaluates certain characteristics of a male's semen and the sperm contained therein.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Semen analysis · See more »


The Sherwin-Williams Company is an American Fortune 500 company in the general building materials industry.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Sherwin-Williams · See more »

Shock (circulatory)

Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Shock (circulatory) · See more »

Short-term memory

Short-term memory (or "primary" or "active memory") is the capacity for holding, but not manipulating, a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Short-term memory · See more »

Shot (pellet)

Shot is a collective term for small balls or pellets, often made of lead.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Shot (pellet) · See more »

Shotgun shell

A shotgun shell is a self-contained cartridge typically loaded with multiple metallic "shot", which are small, generally spherical projectiles.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Shotgun shell · See more »

Sideroblastic anemia

Sideroblastic anemia or sideroachrestic anemia is a form of anemia in which the bone marrow produces ringed sideroblasts rather than healthy red blood cells (erythrocytes).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Sideroblastic anemia · See more »


Smelting is a process of applying heat to ore in order to melt out a base metal.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Smelting · See more »

Social skills

A social skill is any competence facilitating interaction and communication with others where social rules and relations are created, communicated, and changed in verbal and nonverbal ways.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Social skills · See more »

Sodium calcium edetate

Sodium calcium edetate (sodium calcium EDTA), also known as edetate calcium disodium among other names, is a medication primarily used to treat lead poisoning.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Sodium calcium edetate · See more »


Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Soil · See more »


Solder (or in North America) is a fusible metal alloy used to create a permanent bond between metal workpieces.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Solder · See more »


Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Steel · See more »


A still is an apparatus used to distill liquid mixtures by heating to selectively boil and then cooling to condense the vapor.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Still · See more »


A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Stroke · See more »

Subdural hematoma

A subdural hematoma (SDH), is a type of hematoma, usually associated with traumatic brain injury.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Subdural hematoma · See more »

Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services

The Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services (SBU – Statens beredning för medicinsk och social utvärdering in Swedish) previously the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment is an independent Swedish governmental agency tasked with assessing and evaluating methods in use in healthcare och social services.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services · See more »


A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Symptom · See more »


In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron or to the target efferent cell.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Synapse · See more »

Synovial membrane

The synovial membrane (also known as synovium or stratum synoviale) is a specialized connective tissue that lines the inner surface of capsules of synovial joints and tendon sheath.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Synovial membrane · See more »

Tap (valve)

A tap (also spigot or faucet: see usage variations) is a valve controlling the release of a liquid or gas.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Tap (valve) · See more »


Tetraethyllead (commonly styled tetraethyl lead), abbreviated TEL, is an organolead compound with the formula (CH3CH2)4Pb.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Tetraethyllead · See more »

The New England Journal of Medicine

The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is a weekly medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society.

New!!: Lead poisoning and The New England Journal of Medicine · See more »

The Times Group

The Times Group is India’s largest media conglomerate, according to Financial Times as of March 2015.

New!!: Lead poisoning and The Times Group · See more »

The Times of India

The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.

New!!: Lead poisoning and The Times of India · See more »

The Washington Post

The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.

New!!: Lead poisoning and The Washington Post · See more »


Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).

New!!: Lead poisoning and Thiol · See more »


Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Tin · See more »

Tommy Thompson

Tommy George Thompson (born November 19, 1941) is an American Republican politician who was a state legislator in Wisconsin, and 42nd Governor of Wisconsin from 1987 to 2001, and is the longest serving governor in the state's history.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Tommy Thompson · See more »

Tooth decay

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Tooth decay · See more »


Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Toxicity · See more »


Toxicology is a discipline, overlapping with biology, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine, that involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms and the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins and toxicants.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Toxicology · See more »

Transcription (biology)

Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Transcription (biology) · See more »


A tremor is an involuntary, somewhat rhythmic, muscle contraction and relaxation involving oscillations or twitching movements of one or more body parts.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Tremor · See more »


Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Tungsten · See more »

United States Department of Health and Human Services

The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.

New!!: Lead poisoning and United States Department of Health and Human Services · See more »

United States Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.

New!!: Lead poisoning and United States Environmental Protection Agency · See more »

University of Maryland, College Park

The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research university located in the city of College Park in Prince George's County, Maryland, approximately from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1856, the university is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.

New!!: Lead poisoning and University of Maryland, College Park · See more »

Urban agriculture

Urban agriculture, urban farming, or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Urban agriculture · See more »

Uric acid

Uric acid is a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Uric acid · See more »

Vincent van Gogh's health

There is no consensus on Vincent van Gogh's health.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Vincent van Gogh's health · See more »


A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Vitamin · See more »

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Vitamin D · See more »


Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (c. 80–70 BC – after c. 15 BC), commonly known as Vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil engineer and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-volume work entitled De architectura.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Vitruvius · See more »

Water supply

Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Water supply · See more »

Weight loss

Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Weight loss · See more »

White lead

White lead is the basic lead carbonate, 2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2.

New!!: Lead poisoning and White lead · See more »

Whole bowel irrigation

Whole bowel irrigation (WBI) is a medical process involving the rapid administration of large volumes of an osmotically balanced macrogol solution (GoLYTELY, CoLyte), either orally or via a nasogastric tube, to flush out the entire gastrointestinal tract.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Whole bowel irrigation · See more »

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

New!!: Lead poisoning and World Health Organization · See more »

Wrist drop

Wrist drop, (radial nerve or musculospiral nerve palsy, and colloquially as crutch paralysis, Saturday night palsy or honeymoon palsy), is a medical condition in which the wrist and the fingers cannot extend at the metacarpophalangeal joints.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Wrist drop · See more »


X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.

New!!: Lead poisoning and X-ray · See more »

X-ray fluorescence

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is the emission of characteristic "secondary" (or fluorescent) X-rays from a material that has been excited by bombarding with high-energy X-rays or gamma rays.

New!!: Lead poisoning and X-ray fluorescence · See more »

Zamfara State lead poisoning epidemic

A series of lead poisonings in Zamfara State, Nigeria, led to the deaths of at least 163 people between March and June 2010, including 111 children.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Zamfara State lead poisoning epidemic · See more »


Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Zinc · See more »

Zinc deficiency

Zinc deficiency is defined either as insufficient zinc to meet the needs of the body, or as a serum zinc level below the normal range.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Zinc deficiency · See more »

Zinc protoporphyrin

Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) is a compound found in red blood cells when heme production is inhibited by lead and/or by lack of iron.

New!!: Lead poisoning and Zinc protoporphyrin · See more »

2007 Chinese export recalls

In 2007 a series of product recalls and import bans were imposed by the product safety institutions of the United States, Canada, the European Union, Australia and New Zealand against products manufactured in and exported from the mainland of the People's Republic of China (PRC) because of numerous alleged consumer safety issues.

New!!: Lead poisoning and 2007 Chinese export recalls · See more »

2009 Chinese lead poisoning scandal

The 2009 Chinese lead poisoning scandal occurred in the Shaanxi province of China when pollution from a lead plant poisoned children in the surrounding area.

New!!: Lead poisoning and 2009 Chinese lead poisoning scandal · See more »

Redirects here:

Azarcon, Chronic lead exposure, Lead Poisoning, Lead and brain damage, Lead contamination, Lead exposure, Lead intoxication, Lead neuropathy, Lead neurotoxicity, Lead poisoning, nervous system, Lead pollution, Lead toxicity, Painter's colic, Plumbism, Poisoning from lead, Saturnism.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead_poisoning

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »