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Leather

Index Leather

Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide. [1]

109 relations: Aircraft pilot, Albumin, Aluminium, Ammonia, Amylase, Aniline leather, Armour, Artificial leather, Bangladesh, Bark mill, Bicast leather, Biodegradation, Biomass, Black metal, Bleach, Boiled leather, Bonded leather, Bookbinding, Bullwhip, Carbon footprint, Casein, Cattle, Chamois leather, Chaps, Chromium, Chromium(III) sulfate, Collagen, Common ostrich, Conditioner (chemistry), Cowboy, Croatia, Currier, Decomposition, Deer, Degreasing, Deliming, Dyeing, Elastin, Enzyme, Extreme metal, Formaldehyde, Formic acid, Ganges, Glaze (painting technique), Globulin, Glutaraldehyde, Gothic rock, Heavy industry, Heavy metal music, Hindu, ..., Hydrogen sulfide, Jacket, Jainism, Judaism, Kangaroo leather, Kanpur, Katana, Keratin, Lake Victoria, Latex, Leather production processes, Leather subculture, Liming (leather processing), Lipase, Mercury (element), Mink oil, Motorcycle, Musical ensemble, Muslim, Naugahyde, Neatsfoot oil, Nubuck, Ostrich leather, Oxazolidine, Patent leather, Patina, Pickling, Protease, Protein, Punk subculture, Putting-out system, Rawhide (material), Red rot, Road rash, Russia leather, Saddle soap, Salt, Sefer Torah, Seth Boyden, Sexual fetishism, Shell cordovan, Shoe polish, Shrinkage (fabric), Snakeskin, Solvent, Stingray, Suede, Taboo, Tanbark, Tannin, Tanning (leather), Tefillin, Thailand, Tisha B'Av, Tumble finishing, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Volatile organic compound, Wax, Yom Kippur. Expand index (59 more) »

Aircraft pilot

An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.

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Albumin

The albumins (formed from Latin: albumen "(egg) white; dried egg white") are a family of globular proteins, the most common of which are the serum albumins.

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Aluminium

Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Ammonia

Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

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Amylase

An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.

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Aniline leather

Aniline leather is a type of leather dyed exclusively with soluble dyes.

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Armour

Armour (British English or Canadian English) or armor (American English; see spelling differences) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual or vehicle by direct contact weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or activity (e.g., cycling, construction sites, etc.). Personal armour is used to protect soldiers and war animals.

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Artificial leather

Artificial leather is a material intended to substitute for leather in fields such as upholstery, clothing, footwear and fabrics and other uses where a leather-like finish is desired but the actual material is cost-prohibitive or unsuitable.

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Bangladesh

Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.

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Bark mill

Bark mills, also known as Catskill’s mills, were water, steam, horse, ox or wind-powered edge mills used to process the bark, roots, and branches of various tree species into a fine powder known as tanbark, used for tanning leather.

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Bicast leather

Bicast leather (also spelled as bi-cast leather or bycast leather) is a material made with a split leather backing covered with a embossed layer of polyurethane or vinyl.

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Biodegradation

Biodegradation is the disintegration of materials by bacteria, fungi, or other biological means.

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Biomass

Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.

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Black metal

Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music.

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Bleach

Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to whiten clothes, lighten hair color and remove stains.

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Boiled leather

Boiled leather, often referred to by its French translation, cuir bouilli, was a historical material for various uses common in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period.

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Bonded leather

Bonded leather, also called reconstituted leather or blended leather, is a term used for a manufactured upholstery material which contains animal hide.

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Bookbinding

Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book of codex format from an ordered stack of paper sheets that are folded together into sections or sometimes left as a stack of individual sheets.

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Bullwhip

A bullwhip is a single-tailed whip, usually made of braided leather, designed as a tool for working with livestock.

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Carbon footprint

A carbon footprint is historically defined as the total emissions caused by an individual, event, organisation, or product, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent.

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Casein

Casein ("kay-seen", from Latin caseus, "cheese") is a family of related phosphoproteins (αS1, αS2, β, κ).

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Cattle

Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.

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Chamois leather

Chamois leather is a type of porous leather, traditionally the skin of the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), a type of European mountain goat but today it is made almost exclusively from the flesh split of a sheepskin.

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Chaps

Chaps are sturdy coverings for the legs consisting of leggings and a belt.

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Chromium

Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.

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Chromium(III) sulfate

Chromium(III) sulfate usually refers to the inorganic compounds with the formula Cr2(SO4)3.

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Collagen

Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

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Common ostrich

The ostrich or common ostrich (Struthio camelus) is either of two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family.

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Conditioner (chemistry)

A conditioner is a substance or process that improves the quality of another material.

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Cowboy

A cowboy is an animal herder who tends cattle on ranches in North America, traditionally on horseback, and often performs a multitude of other ranch-related tasks.

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Croatia

Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.

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Currier

A currier is a specialist in the leather processing industry.

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Decomposition

Decomposition is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler organic matter.

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Deer

Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Degreasing

Degreasing, often called defatting or fat trimming, is the removal of fatty acids from an object.

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Deliming

The deliming operation in leather processing is a drum/paddle or pit based operation where two main objectives are met.

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Dyeing

Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics.

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Elastin

Elastin is a highly elastic protein in connective tissue and allows many tissues in the body to resume their shape after stretching or contracting.

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Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

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Extreme metal

Extreme metal is a loosely defined umbrella term for a number of related heavy metal music subgenres that have developed since the early 1980s.

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Formaldehyde

No description.

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Formic acid

Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.

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Ganges

The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.

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Glaze (painting technique)

A glaze is a thin transparent or semi-transparent layer on a painting which modifies the appearance of the underlying paint layer.

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Globulin

The globulins are a family of globular proteins that have higher molecular weights than albumins and are insoluble in pure water but dissolve in dilute salt solutions.

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Glutaraldehyde

Glutaraldehyde, sold under the brandname Cidex and Glutaral among others, is a disinfectant and medication.

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Gothic rock

Gothic rock (alternately called goth-rock or goth) is a style of rock music that emerged from post-punk in the late 1970s.

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Heavy industry

Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities (such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings); or complex or numerous processes.

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Heavy metal music

Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.

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Hindu

Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hydrogen sulfide

Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.

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Jacket

A jacket is a mid-stomach–length garment for the upper body.

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Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

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Judaism

Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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Kangaroo leather

Kangaroo leather is a strong light weight leather derived from the hide of the kangaroo.

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Kanpur

Kanpur (formerly Cawnpore) is the 12th most populous city in India and the second largest city in the state of Uttar Pradesh after Lucknow.

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Katana

Historically, were one of the traditionally made that were used by the samurai of ancient and feudal Japan.

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Keratin

Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.

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Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria (Nam Lolwe in Luo; Nalubaale in Luganda; Nyanza in Kinyarwanda and some Bantu languages) is one of the African Great Lakes.

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Latex

Latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.

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Leather production processes

The leather manufacturing process is divided into three sub-processes: preparatory stages, tanning and crusting.

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Leather subculture

The leather subculture denotes practices and styles of dress organized around sexual activities that involve leather garments, such as leather jackets, vests, boots, chaps, harnesses, or other items.

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Liming (leather processing)

Liming is a process used for parchment or leather processing, in which hides are soaked in an alkali solution.

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Lipase

A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).

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Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

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Mink oil

Mink oil is an oil used in medical and cosmetic products.

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Motorcycle

A motorcycle, often called a bike, motorbike, or cycle, is a two-> or three-wheeled motor vehicle.

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Musical ensemble

A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name.

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Naugahyde

Naugahyde is an American brand of artificial leather.

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Neatsfoot oil

Neatsfoot oil is a yellow oil rendered and purified from the shin bones and feet (but not the hooves) of cattle.

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Nubuck

Nubuck (pronounced) is top-grain cattle leather that has been sanded or buffed on the grain side, or outside, to give a slight nap of short protein fibers, producing a velvet-like surface.

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Ostrich leather

Ostrich leather is the result of tanning skins taken from African ostriches farmed for their feathers, skin and meat.

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Oxazolidine

An oxazolidine is a five-membered ring compound consisting of three carbons, a nitrogen, and an oxygen.

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Patent leather

Patent leather is a type of coated leather that has a high-gloss finish.

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Patina

Patina is a thin layer that variously forms on the surface of copper, bronze and similar metals (tarnish produced by oxidation or other chemical processes), or certain stones, and wooden furniture (sheen produced by age, wear, and polishing), or any similar acquired change of a surface through age and exposure.

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Pickling

Pickling is the process of preserving or expanding the lifespan of food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar.

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Protease

A protease (also called a peptidase or proteinase) is an enzyme that performs proteolysis: protein catabolism by hydrolysis of peptide bonds.

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Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Punk subculture

Punk subculture includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashion, and other forms of expression, visual art, dance, literature and film.

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Putting-out system

The putting-out system is a means of subcontracting work.

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Rawhide (material)

Rawhide is a hide or animal skin that has not been exposed to tanning.

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Red rot

Red rot (also redrot) is a degradation process found in vegetable-tanned leather.

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Road rash

Road rash is a colloquial term for skin injury caused by abrasion with road surfaces, usually as a consequence of cycling and motorcycling accidents.

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Russia leather

Russia leather is a particular form of bark-tanned cow leather.

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Saddle soap

Saddle soap is a proprietary compound used for cleaning, conditioning, and protecting leather.

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Salt

Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.

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Sefer Torah

A Sefer Torah (ספר תורה; "Book of Torah" or "Torah scroll"; plural: Sifrei Torah) is a handwritten copy of the Torah, the holiest book in Judaism.

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Seth Boyden

Seth Boyden (November 17, 1788 – March 31, 1870) was an American inventor.

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Sexual fetishism

Sexual fetishism or erotic fetishism is a sexual fixation on a nonliving object or nongenital body part.

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Shell cordovan

Shell cordovan (or cordovan) is a type of leather commonly used in high-end shoemaking.

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Shoe polish

Shoe polish (or boot polish) is a waxy paste, cream, or liquid used to polish, shine, and waterproof leather shoes or boots to extend the footwear's life, and restore, maintain and improve their appearance.

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Shrinkage (fabric)

Shrinkage is the process in which a fabric becomes smaller than its original size, usually through the process of laundry.

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Snakeskin

Snakeskin may either refer to the skin of a live snake, the shed skin of a snake after molting, or to a type of leather that is made from the hide of a dead snake.

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Solvent

A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

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Stingray

Stingrays are a group of sea rays, which are cartilaginous fish related to sharks.

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Suede

Suede is a type of leather with a napped finish, commonly used for jackets, shoes, shirts, purses, furniture and other items.

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Taboo

In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.

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Tanbark

Tanbark is the bark of certain species of tree.

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Tannin

Tannins (or tannoids) are a class of astringent, polyphenolic biomolecules that bind to and precipitate proteins and various other organic compounds including amino acids and alkaloids.

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Tanning (leather)

Tanned leather in Marrakesh Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather.

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Tefillin

Tefillin (Askhenazic:; Israeli Hebrew:, תפילין), also called phylacteries, are a set of small black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with verses from the Torah.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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Tisha B'Av

Tisha B'Av (תִּשְׁעָה בְּאָב, "the ninth of Av") is an annual fast day in Judaism, on which a number of disasters in Jewish history occurred, primarily the destruction of both the First Temple by the Babylonians and the Second Temple by the Romans in Jerusalem.

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Tumble finishing

Tumble finishing, also known as tumbling or rumbling, is a technique for smoothing and polishing a rough surface on relatively small parts.

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United Nations Industrial Development Organization

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), French/Spanish acronym ONUDI, is a specialized agency in the United Nations system, headquartered in Vienna, Austria.

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Volatile organic compound

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.

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Wax

Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.

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Yom Kippur

Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּיפּוּר,, or), also known as the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year in Judaism.

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Cattle hide, Chromium tanning, Cordova leather, Cordwain, Deerhide, Deerskin, Environmental impact of leather, Exotic leather, Fish leather, Genuine Leather, Grained leather, Leather binding, Leather goods, Leather making, Leather worker, Leatherer, Leathering, Leatherworker, Neradol, Old leather, Pig leather, Reptile leather, Reversed leather, Split leather, Stingray skin, Syntan, Syntans, Synthetic tannin, Synthetic tannins, Vachetta leather, Veg-tan leather.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leather

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