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A1(M) is the designation given to a series of four separate motorway sections in England.
The A58 is a major road in Northern England that runs between Prescot, Merseyside and Wetherby, West Yorkshire.
The A61 is a major trunk road in England connecting Derby and Thirsk in North Yorkshire by way of Alfreton, Clay Cross, Chesterfield, Sheffield, Barnsley, Wakefield, Leeds, Harrogate and Ripon.
The A62 is a major road in Northern England that runs between the two major cities of Manchester and Leeds, covering a distance of.
The A63 is a major road in Yorkshire, England between Leeds and Kingston upon Hull.
The A64 is a major road in North and West Yorkshire, England, which links Leeds, York and Scarborough.
The A643 is a main road in West Yorkshire, England.
The A65 is a major road in England.
The A660 is a major road in the Leeds, and Bradford districts of West Yorkshire, England that runs from Leeds city centre to Burley-in-Wharfedale where it meets the A65.
Abbey House Museum in Kirkstall, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England is housed in the gatehouse of the ruined Kirkstall Abbey, and is a Grade II* listed building.
Activision Publishing, Inc. is an American video game publisher.
The Aire and Calder Navigation is the canalised section of the Rivers Aire and Calder in West Yorkshire, England.
Aireborough is a district within the West Yorkshire Urban Area, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Alec Edward Shelbrooke (born 10 January 1976) is a British Conservative politician who has been Member of Parliament for Elmet and Rothwell since 2010.
Alexander David Sobel (born 26 April 1975) is a British Labour Co-op politician who has been Member of Parliament for Leeds North West in West Yorkshire, England since 2017.
Alfred Richard Orage (22 January 1873 – 6 November 1934) was a British intellectual, now best known for editing the magazine The New Age.
Alistair Maclean Darling, Baron Darling of Roulanish, (born 28 November 1953) is a Labour Party politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Labour Government from 2007-2010 and as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1987 until he stepped down in 2015, most recently for Edinburgh South West.
Allerton High School Business and Enterprise is an 11-19 comprehensive school in Alwoodley, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England specialising in Business and Enterprise.
Alt-J (stylised as alt-J, or ∆) is an English indie rock band formed in 2007 in Leeds, by Joe Newman (guitar/lead vocals), Thom Sonny Green (drums), Gus Unger-Hamilton (keyboards/vocals) and Gwil Sainsbury (guitar/bass).
Alwoodley is a civil parish and suburb of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.
The ancient boroughs were a historic unit of lower-tier local government in England and Wales.
Andrea Marie Jenkyns (born 16 June 1974) is a British politician and singer.
The Anglican Bishop of Leeds is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Leeds in the Province of York.
The Anglican Diocese of Leeds (Accessed 15 July 2016) (previously also known as the Diocese of West Yorkshire and the Dales) is a diocese (administrative division) of the Church of England, in the Province of York.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
Arnold George "Peewee" Hauser (September 25, 1888 in Chicago, Illinois – May 22, 1966 in Aurora, Illinois) was a German American shortstop in Major League Baseball.
Arriva Yorkshire Arriva Yorkshire Limited formerly West Riding Automobile Company Limited is a bus operator providing services in West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire and the southern areas of North Yorkshire.
Art & Language is a conceptual artists' collaboration that has undergone many changes since it was created in the late 1960s.
Artist-in-residence programs and other residency opportunities exist to invite artists, academicians, curators, to reside within the premises of an institution.
Asda Stores Ltd. trading as Asda, is a British supermarket retailer, headquartered in Leeds, West Yorkshire.
Ashgate Publishing was an academic book and journal publisher based in Farnham (Surrey, United Kingdom).
The Assemblies of God (AG), officially the World Assemblies of God Fellowship, is a group of over 140 autonomous but loosely associated national groupings of churches which together form the world's largest Pentecostal denomination.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Association of Vineyard Churches, also known as the Vineyard Movement, is a neocharismatic evangelical Christian denomination.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Aviva plc is a British multinational insurance company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Back-to-backs are a form of terraced houses in the United Kingdom, built from the late 18th century through to the early 20th century in various guises.
The Bahá'í Faith in England started with the earliest mentions of the predecessor of the Bahá'í Faith, the Báb, in The Times on 1 November 1845, only a little over a year after the Báb first stated his mission.
Banco Santander, S.A., doing business as Santander Group, is a Spanish banking group.
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
The Banks Group is a family owned energy and property development business headquartered in Durham, but working across Scotland and the North of England, established in 1976.
Baptists Together (officially The Baptist Union of Great Britain) is the association of Baptist churches in England and Wales.
Dame Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth DBE (10 January 1903 – 20 May 1975) was an English artist and sculptor.
Barclays plc is a British multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in London.
Bardsey, West Yorkshire, England is a small village in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, north east of Leeds city centre.
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Radio Leeds is the BBC Local Radio service for the English metropolitan county of West Yorkshire.
The BD postcode area, also known as the Bradford postcode area, is a group of postcode districts in West Yorkshire, and North Yorkshire, around Bingley, Bradford, Cleckheaton, Keighley, Settle, Shipley and Skipton in England.
Beckett Park (also known as Beckett's Park) is a residential area and a large public park in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Bede (italic; 672/3 – 26 May 735), also known as Saint Bede, Venerable Bede, and Bede the Venerable (Bēda Venerābilis), was an English Benedictine monk at the monastery of St.
Beeston is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England located about 2 miles (3 km) south-south west of the city centre.
Bingley is a market town and civil parish in the metropolitan borough of the City of Bradford, in West Yorkshire, England.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
The Bishop of Ripon was a diocesan bishop's title which took its name after the city of Ripon in North Yorkshire, England.
Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.
Bradford Cathedral, full name Cathedral Church of St Peter and formerly Bradford Parish Church, is situated in the heart of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since the 8th century when missionaries based in Dewsbury evangelised the region.
Bramham Park is a Grade I listed 18th-century country house in Bramham, between Leeds and Wetherby, in West Yorkshire, England.
For the original Bramley club, see Bramley RLFC. Bramley Buffaloes RLFC is a rugby league club from the Bramley area of West Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.
Bramley RLFC was a rugby league club from the Bramley area of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England, that folded following the 1999 season.
Bridgewater Place, nicknamed The Dalek, is an office and residential skyscraper in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Bridlington is a coastal town and civil parish on the Holderness Coast of the North Sea, situated in the unitary authority and ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire approximately north of Hull.
Briggate is one of the pedestrianised principal shopping streets in central Leeds, England.
British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.
British Arabs (عرب بريطانيا) are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom that are of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity from Arab countries.
British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.
The British Athletics League is a track and field male team's competition, the most important in the United Kingdom for history and number of teams.
British Bangladeshis (ব্রিটিশ বাংলাদেশি) are people of Bangladeshi origin who have attained citizenship in the United Kingdom, through immigration and historical naturalisation.
The British Basketball League, often abbreviated to the BBL, is a men's professional basketball league in Great Britain, the highest level of play in the country.
British Chinese (also known as Chinese British, Chinese Britons) are people of Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who reside in the United Kingdom, constituting the second or third largest group of overseas Chinese in Europe apart from the Chinese diaspora in France and the overseas Chinese community in Russia.
British Indians (also Indian British or Indian Britons) are citizens of the United Kingdom (UK) whose ancestral roots lie in India.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
British Pakistanis (پاکستانی نژاد برطانوی; also known as Pakistani British people or Pakistani Britons) are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestral roots lie in Pakistan.
During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.
British Universities & Colleges Sport (BUCS) is the governing body for university sport in the United Kingdom.
Broadcloth is a dense, plain woven cloth, historically made of wool.
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter and musician, known for his work with the E Street Band.
BT Group plc (trading as BT and formerly British Telecom) is a British multinational telecommunications holding company with head offices in London, United Kingdom.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
The budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus), also known as the common parakeet or shell parakeet and usually informally nicknamed the budgie, is a small, long-tailed, seed-eating parrot.
Building Schools for the Future (BSF) was the name given to the British government's investment programme in secondary school buildings in England in the 2000s.
A call centre or call center is a centralised office used for receiving or transmitting a large volume of requests by telephone.
Call of Duty is a first-person shooter video game franchise.
Capita plc, commonly known as Capita, is an international business process outsourcing and professional services company headquartered in London.
Capital Yorkshire is a regional radio station owned by Global Radio as part of the Capital radio network.
Carbonated water (bubbly water, fizzy water) is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved, either by technology or by a natural geologic source.
The Care Quality Commission (CQC) is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health and Social Care of the United Kingdom.
Central London is the innermost part of London, in the United Kingdom, spanning several boroughs.
The Centre for Cities is an independent, non-partisan urban policy research unit and a charity registered in England.
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
The Championship is a professional rugby league competition.
Chapel Allerton is an inner suburb of north-east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, from the city centre.
Chapel Allerton Hospital is located in the area of Chapel Allerton, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England and is operated by the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.
Chapeltown is a suburb of north-east Leeds, in West Yorkshire, England,.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Cheltenham, also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a regency spa town and borough which is located on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Gloucestershire, England.
Ching Lau Lauro and Professor Ching were the stage names of a juggler and magician (1806?–1840; flourished 1827–1839) who performed outdoors and in theatres in London and the north of England.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Christopher James Mears (born 7 February 1993) is a British diver and DJ/Producer from Burghfield Common, near Reading, Berkshire.
A Christmas market, also known as Christkindlmarkt (literally: Baby Jesus Market), Christkindlesmarkt, Christkindlmarket, Christkindlimarkt, and Weihnachtsmarkt, is a street market associated with the celebration of Christmas during the four weeks of Advent.
The Church of Christ, Scientist was founded in 1879 in Boston, Massachusetts, by Mary Baker Eddy, author of Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, and founder of Christian Science.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Church of the Nazarene is an evangelical Christian denomination that emerged from the 19th-century Holiness movement in North America.
A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist, SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), or ‘’’OCSO’’’ (Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), which are religious orders of monks and nuns. They are also known as “Trappists”; as Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cuccula worn by Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of many monasteries. A reform movement seeking to restore the simpler lifestyle of the original Cistercians began in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, leading eventually to the Holy See’s reorganization in 1892 of reformed houses into a single order Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. Cistercians who did not observe these reforms became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially agricultural work in the fields, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century.
City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes research, analysis, and commentary relating to cities, their futures, and urbanization.
The City of Leeds is a local government district of West Yorkshire, England, governed by Leeds City Council, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough.
The City of Wakefield is a local government district in West Yorkshire, England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough.
A city region is the functional region around a city or large town, consisting of several areas of local government and smaller than the already existing regions of England.
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.
In England, a civil parish is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.
Classic Rock is a British magazine dedicated to rock music, published by Future PLC, who are also responsible for its "sister" publications Metal Hammer and Prog magazine.
A number of different systems of classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom exist.
Cohabitation is an arrangement where two people who are not married live together.
Community of Christ, known from 1872 to 2001 as the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS), is an American-based international church with roots in the Latter Day Saint movement.
Condé Nast Traveler is a luxury and lifestyle travel magazine published by Condé Nast.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Cookridge is a suburb of north-west Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Corinne Bailey Rae (born Corinne Jacqueline Bailey; 26 February 1979) is a British singer, songwriter, record producer, and guitarist from Leeds, West Yorkshire.
Costa Coffee is a British multinational coffeehouse company headquartered in Dunstable, Bedfordshire, and a wholly owned subsidiary of Whitbread.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (excluding Scotland), to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control.
The County Borough of Leeds, and its predecessor, the Municipal Borough of Leeds, was a local government district in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, from 1835 to 1974.
The County Championship, currently known as the Specsavers County Championship for sponsorship reasons, is the domestic first-class cricket competition in England and Wales and is organised by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB).
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Cross Gates (often spelled Crossgates) is a suburb in east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Cuthbert Brodrick FRIBA (1 December 1821 – 2 March 1905) was a British architect, whose most famous building is Leeds Town Hall.
The Dales Way is an 84-mile (135 km) long-distance footpath in Northern England, from (south-east to north-west) Ilkley, West Yorkshire, to Bowness-on-Windermere, Cumbria.
Debenhams plc is a British multinational retailer operating under a department store format in the United Kingdom and Ireland with franchise stores in other countries. The company was founded in the eighteenth century as a single store in London and has now grown to 178 locations across the UK, Ireland and Denmark. It sells a range of clothing, household items and furniture and has been known since 1993 for its 'Designers at Debenhams' brand range. Headquartered in Regent's Place in the London Borough of Camden, Debenhams is listed on the London Stock Exchange. The company owns the Danish department store chain, Magasin du Nord, and has a subsidiary in Ireland.
Dennis Creffield (January 1, 1931 - June 26, 2018) was a British artist with work owned by major British art collections, including the Tate Gallery, Arts Council of England, the Government Art Collection, Leeds City Art Gallery, University of Leeds collection, University of Brighton collection, Swindon Art Gallery collection and others.
The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) is the largest government department in the United Kingdom, and is responsible for welfare and pension policy.
Diesel S.p.A. is an Italian retail clothing company, located in Breganze, Italy.
Dinosaur Pile-Up are an English alternative rock band who formed in late 2007.
The Diocese of Ripon (Diocese of Ripon and Leeds from 1999 until 2014) is a former Church of England diocese, part of the Province of York.
Direct Line is a United Kingdom insurance company based in Bromley, London.
The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.
Donald George Revie OBE (10 July 1927 – 26 May 1989) was an England international footballer and manager, best known for his successful spell during Leeds United's finest period, the late 1960s, and early 1970s.
East Leeds are an amateur rugby league football club from Leeds, West Yorkshire.
East Leeds FM (ELFM) is a community radio station based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
East Midlands Hub is a planned new railway station on the Leeds Branch of High Speed 2.
The Ecclesiastical History of the English People (Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum), written by the Venerable Bede in about AD 731, is a history of the Christian Churches in England, and of England generally; its main focus is on the conflict between the pre-Schism Roman Rite and Celtic Christianity.
The Edinburgh International Film Festival (EIFF) is an annual fortnight of cinema screenings and related events taking place each June.
Edward Alexander Wadsworth (29 October 1889 – 21 June 1949) was an English artist, most famous for his close association with Vorticism.
Edwin (Ēadwine; c. 586 – 12 October 632/633), also known as Eadwine or Æduinus, was the King of Deira and Bernicia – which later became known as Northumbria – from about 616 until his death.
The English Football League Championship (often referred to as the Championship for short or the Sky Bet Championship for sponsorship reasons) is the highest division of the English Football League (EFL) and second-highest overall in the English football league system, after the Premier League.
The EFL Cup (referred to historically, and colloquially, as simply the League Cup), currently known as the Carabao Cup for sponsorship reasons, is an annual knockout football competition in men's domestic English football.
EGX (previously named Eurogamer Expo) is a trade fair for video games held annually in the United Kingdom.
Elland Road is a football stadium in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, which has been the home of Leeds United F.C. since the club's foundation in 1919.
Elliott Hudson College is a sixth form located in the Beeston area of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Elmet (Elfed) was an area of what later became the West Riding of Yorkshire, and an independent Brittonic kingdom between about the 5th century and early 7th century.
Elmet and Rothwell is a constituency in West Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its creation in 2010 by Alec Shelbrooke, a Conservative.
The English Football League (EFL) is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
The FA Cup, known officially as The Football Association Challenge Cup, is an annual knockout football competition in men's domestic English football.
The FA Women's Premier League National Division was a football division in England.
Fabian Uziell-Hamilton (born 12 April 1955) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds North East since 1997.
The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow.
Fairburn Ings Nature Reserve is a protected area in Yorkshire, England, which is noted for its avian biodiversity.
Dame Fanny Waterman, DBE (born 22 March 1920) is a piano teacher, and the founder, Chairman and Artistic Director of the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition.
Farnley is a district in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, south-west of Leeds city centre, between Wortley, Bramley and the countryside around Pudsey and Gildersome, in the LS12 Leeds postcode area.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
Filey is a small town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England.
First Direct (styled first direct) is a telephone and internet-based retail bank in the United Kingdom, a division of HSBC Bank plc.
The First Direct Arena (also known as the Leeds Arena) is a 13,500 capacity entertainment focused arena in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
First Leeds is one of the bus companies serving the area of West Yorkshire, England.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
Fluxus is an international and interdisciplinary group of artists, composers, designers and poets that took shape in the 1960s and 1970s.
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings.
Francis Vane Phipson Rutter (17 February 1876 – 18 April 1937)"Rutter, Frank V. P.", Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Fulneck Moravian Settlement is a village in Pudsey in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England.
Further education (often abbreviated FE) in the United Kingdom and Ireland is education in addition to that received at secondary school, that is distinct from the higher education (HE) offered in universities and other academic institutions.
Gang of Four are an English post-punk group, formed in 1977 in Leeds.
See also People named Garforth. Garforth is a village within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England.
The Garforth Arts Festival is an annual arts festival that takes place in Garforth, Leeds, England.
The Gazette & Observer, in full the Ilkley, Wharfedale and Aireborough Gazette & Observer, was a weekly newspaper published by Wharfedale Newspapers of Ilkley, West Yorkshire, England, and part of the Newsquest group.
The General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches (GAUFCC or colloquially British Unitarians) is the umbrella organisation for Unitarian, Free Christians and other liberal religious congregations in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
German Expressionism consisted of a number of related creative movements in Germany before the First World War that reached a peak in Berlin during the 1920s.
Gipton is a suburb of East Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, between the A58 to the north and the A64 to the south.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.
Golden Acre Park is a public park between Adel and Bramhope, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, administered by Leeds City Council.
Goole is a town, civil parish and inland port located at junction 36 off the M62 via the A614 and approximately from the North Sea at the confluence of the rivers Don and Ouse in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, although historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire.
The Government Statistical Service (GSS) is the community of all civil servants who work in the collection, production and communication of UK official statistics.
The Grammar School at Leeds (GSAL) is an independent fee-paying school in Leeds, England, created on 4 August 2005 by the merger of Leeds Grammar School (founded c. 1552) and Leeds Girls' High School (co-founded in 1876 by Frances Lupton).
The Grand Theatre, also known as Leeds Grand Theatre and Leeds Grand Theatre and Opera House, is a theatre and opera house in the centre of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is an action-adventure video game series created by David Jones and Mike Dailly; the later titles of which were created by brothers Dan and Sam Houser, Leslie Benzies and Aaron Garbut.
The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the Septuagint and New Testament, and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire.
In United Kingdom town planning, the green belt is a policy for controlling urban growth.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
Gregory Thomas Mulholland (born 31 August 1970) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom who was the MP for Leeds North West.
Griselda Pollock (born 11 March 1949) is a visual theorist, cultural analyst and scholar of international, postcolonial feminist studies in the visual arts.
In economics, gross value added (GVA) is the measure of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy.
Guiseley is a small town in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England.
A gurdwara (ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ,; meaning "door to the guru") is a place of worship for Sikhs.
Hadouken! is a British band formed in London in 2006 by singer, writer and producer James Smith and synth player Alice Spooner, with guitarist Daniel "Pilau" Rice, bassist Christopher Purcell and drummer Nick Rice.
Harehills is an inner-city area of east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Harrogate is a spa town in North Yorkshire, England.
The Harrogate Bus Company Harrogate & District Limited is a bus operator based in Harrogate, North Yorkshire.
Harry Houdini (born Erik Weisz, later Ehrich Weiss or Harry Weiss; March 24, 1874 – October 31, 1926) was a Hungarian-born American illusionist and stunt performer, noted for his sensational escape acts.
Harry Thubron OBE (Henry James Thubron, 1915–1985) was an English artist and art teacher.
Harvey Nichols, founded in 1831, is a luxury British department store chain with a flagship store in Knightsbridge, London.
Headingley is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, approximately two miles out of the city centre, to the north west along the A660 road.
Headingley Stadium in Headingley, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is the home of Yorkshire County Cricket Club and Leeds Rhinos rugby league and Yorkshire Carnegie rugby union clubs.
A health department or health ministry is a part of government which focuses on issues related to the general health of the citizenry.
Heart Yorkshire (previously Real Radio Yorkshire) is a regional radio station owned by Communicorp and operated by Global Radio as part of the Heart network.
Henry Spencer Moore (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an English artist.
The Henry Moore Foundation is a registered charity in England, established for education and promotion of the fine arts — in particular, to advance understanding of the works of Henry Moore.
Sir Herbert Edward Read, DSO, MC (4 December 1893 – 12 June 1968) was an English art historian, poet, literary critic and philosopher, best known for numerous books on art, which included influential volumes on the role of art in education.
Heritage Open Days (also known as HODS) are an annual celebration of England's architecture and culture that allows visitors free access to historical landmarks that are either not usually open to the public, or would normally charge an entrance fee to visitors, or that are always free to visitors and always open to the public.
High Speed 2 (HS2) is a planned high-speed railway in the United Kingdom, directly linking London, Birmingham, the East Midlands, Leeds and Manchester.
High Street (or the High Street, also High Road) is a metonym for the concept (and frequently the street name) of the primary business street of towns or cities, especially in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
Hilary James Wedgwood Benn (born 26 November 1953) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds Central since the by-election in 1999.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.
Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HM Revenue and Customs or HMRC) is a non-ministerial department of the UK Government responsible for the collection of taxes, the payment of some forms of state support and the administration of other regulatory regimes including the national minimum wage.
The Home Office (HO) is a ministerial department of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security and law and order.
Hood are an English indie rock band from Leeds, formed in 1991.
Horsforth is a suburb and civil parish within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England, lying about five miles north west of Leeds city centre.
House of Fraser is a British department store group with 56 stores and 2 outlets across the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Howard Wilkinson (born 13 November 1943) is an English former footballer and manager, and has recently stepped down as a non-executive Director at Sheffield Wednesday after previously relinquishing the chairman role to Milan Mandaric.
HSBC Holdings plc is a British multinational banking and financial services holding company, tracing its origin to a hong in Hong Kong.
Humberside Airport is an international airport situated at Kirmington in the Borough of North Lincolnshire, England, west of Grimsby and around from both Kingston upon Hull and Scunthorpe, on the A18.
A hundred is an administrative division that is geographically part of a larger region.
Hunslet is an inner-city area in south Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Hunslet R.L.F.C. is a professional Rugby League club in Hunslet South Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, which plays in Betfred League 1.
The Hyde Park Picture House is a cinema and Grade II listed building in the Hyde Park area of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Hyde Park is an inner-city area of north-west Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, situated between the University of Leeds and Headingley.
An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
Ilkley is a spa town and civil parish in West Yorkshire, in Northern England.
Ilkley Moor is part of Rombalds Moor, the moorland between Ilkley and Keighley (pronounced Keethly) in West Yorkshire, England.
Boards of improvement commissioners were ad hoc urban local government boards created during the 18th and 19th centuries in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and its predecessors the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland.
The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a British political party of the left, established in 1893, when the Liberals appeared reluctant to endorse working-class candidates, representing the interests of the majority.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, sometimes referred to as the European Fairs Cup, Fairs Cities' Cup, or simply as the Fairs Cup, was a European football competition played between 1955 and 1971.
International Personal Finance is a British-based international home credit business and digital business.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
Irish migration to Great Britain has occurred from the earliest recorded history to the present.
Irish Travellers (an lucht siúil, meaning 'the walking people') are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group who maintain a set of traditions.
ISO 3166-2:GB is the entry for the United Kingdom in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
ITV is a British commercial TV network.
ITV Yorkshire is the British television service provided by ITV Broadcasting Limited for the Yorkshire franchise area on the ITV network.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
Jack David Laugher (born 30 January 1995) is a British diver competing for Great Britain and England.
Jacob Kramer (26 December 1892 – 4 February 1962)Oxford Dictionary of National Biography was a Ukrainian-born painter who spent all of his working life in England.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jann Simon Wenner (born January 7, 1946) is the co-founder and publisher of the popular culture biweekly magazine Rolling Stone, and former owner of Men's Journal magazine.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
The Jesus Army was an identity that the Jesus Fellowship Church used until 2017 in its outreach and street-based work.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John Atkinson Grimshaw (6 September 1836 – 13 October 1893) was an English Victorian-era artist best known for his nocturnal scenes of urban landscapes.
The John Charles Centre for Sport is a sports facility in South Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
John Lewis is a chain of high-end department stores operating throughout the United Kingdom.
Johnston Press plc is a multimedia company based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Kaiser Chiefs are an English indie rock band from Leeds who formed in 2000 as Parva, releasing one studio album, 22, in 2003, before renaming and establishing themselves in their current name that same year.
Keighley is a town and civil parish within the metropolitan borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England.
The Keighley Bus Company Keighley & District Limited is a bus operator based in Keighley, West Yorkshire.
Kelda Group is a British utility company.
William Kenneth Armitage (18 July 1916 – 22 January 2002) was a British sculptor known for his semi-abstract bronzes.
Killingbeck is a district of east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England that is situated between Seacroft to the north, Cross Gates and Whitkirk to the east, Gipton to the west, Halton Moor to the south, Halton to the south east and Osmondthorpe to the south west.
Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Kirkstall Abbey is a ruined Cistercian monastery in Kirkstall, north-west of Leeds city centre in West Yorkshire, England.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
KPMG is a professional service company and one of the Big Four auditors, along with Deloitte, Ernst & Young (EY), and PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.
Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.
The larger urban zone (LUZ), or Functional Urban Area (FUA), is a measure of the population and expanse of metropolitan areas in Europe and OECD countries.
League 1 (for sponsorship reasons currently known as the Betfred League 1), is a professional rugby league competition based in England.
Leeds Adel Hockey Club is a field hockey club based in Adel, Leeds, England.
Leeds Akkies are a rugby league team based in The Old Modernians Sports Club, Cookridge Lane, Leeds, LS16 7ND, West Yorkshire.
The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a canal in Northern England, linking the cities of Leeds and Liverpool.
The Leeds and Selby Railway was an early British railway company and first mainline railway within Yorkshire.
Leeds Art Gallery in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is a museum whose collection of 20th-century British Art is recognised by the British government as a collection "of national importance".
The Leeds Arts Club was founded in 1903 by the Leeds school teacher Alfred Orage and Yorkshire textile manufacture Holbrook Jackson, and was probably one of the most advanced centres for modernist thinking in Britain in the pre-First World War period.
Leeds Arts University is a specialist arts further and higher education institution, based in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, with a main campus opposite the University of Leeds.
Leeds Beckett Students' Union (formerly Leeds Met Students' Union) is the university-wide representative body for students at Leeds Beckett University, England.
Leeds Beckett University (LBU), formerly known as Leeds Metropolitan University (LMU) and before that as Leeds Polytechnic, is a public university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, with campuses in the city centre and Headingley.
Leeds Bradford Airport is located at Yeadon, in the City of Leeds Metropolitan District in West Yorkshire, England, northwest of Leeds city centre itself, and from Bradford city centre.
Leeds Bridge is a historic river crossing in Leeds, England.
Leeds Building Society is the fifth largest in the UK and serves approximately 719,000 customers across the UK who together hold £9.9 billion in savings balances.
Leeds Cathedral, formally the Cathedral Church of St Anne, commonly known as Saint Anne's Cathedral, is the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Leeds, and is the seat of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Leeds.
Leeds Central is a constituency recreated in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1999 by Hilary Benn of the Labour Party.
Leeds Central Library is a public library in Leeds.
Leeds city centre is the city centre of Leeds, England.
Leeds City College is the largest Further education establishment in the City of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, with around 26,000 students, 2,300 staff and an annual turnover of £78 million.
Leeds City Council is the local authority of the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds City Museum, originally established in 1819, reopened on 13 September 2008 in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds City Police was the police force responsible for policing the city of Leeds in northern England from its formation in 1836, until 1974, when it was amalgamated under the Local Government Act 1972 with the Bradford City Police and part of the West Yorkshire Constabulary to form the West Yorkshire Police.
The Leeds City Region is a city region in the North of England centred on Leeds, West Yorkshire.
Leeds City Square is a paved area north of Leeds railway station at the junction of Park Row to the East and Wellington Street to the South.
The Leeds City Varieties is a Grade II* listed music hall in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Civic Hall is a civic building located in Millennium Square, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds College of Building in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is the only college in the UK which specialises in the construction industry.
Leeds College of Music (abbreviated as LCoM, formerly known as The Leeds Music Centre and the City of Leeds College of Music) is a music conservatoire based in the Quarry Hill district of Leeds, England.
The Leeds Corn Exchange is a Victorian building in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, which was designed by Cuthbert Brodrick and completed in 1864.
The Leeds Country Way is a circular long-distance footpath of 62 miles (99 km) around Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
The Leeds Development Corporation was established in 1988 to develop South Central Leeds and the Kirkstall Valley.
Leeds Dock (formerly New Dock and previously Clarence Dock) is a mixed development with retail, office and leisure presence by the River Aire in central Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Richard Burgon of the Labour Party.
Leeds Festival Fringe is a 7-day grassroots music festival held across several music venues in Leeds in the week prior to Leeds and Reading Festival.
Leeds Force were an English professional basketball team based in Leeds, West Yorkshire.
Leeds General Infirmary, also known as the LGI, is a large teaching hospital based in the centre of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, and is part of the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.
Leeds Girls' High School (LGHS) was an independent, selective, fee-paying school for girls aged 3–18 founded in 1876 in Headingley, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Grammar School was an independent school in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Grand Mosque (LGM) is a mosque in Leeds with a Friday congregation of 1,500.
The Leeds Industrial Museum at Armley Mills is a museum of industrial heritage located in Armley, near Leeds, in West Yorkshire, Northern England.
The Leeds Inner Ring Road is part-motorway and part-A roads in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, which forms a ring road around the city centre.
The Leeds International Film Festival (LIFF) is the largest film festival in England outside London.
The Leeds International Piano Competition, informally known as The Leeds and formerly the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition, takes place every three years in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Minster, or the Minster and Parish Church of Saint Peter-at-Leeds, (formerly Leeds Parish Church), in Leeds, West Yorkshire is a large Church of England foundation of major architectural and liturgical significance.
Leeds North East is a constituency which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Fabian Hamilton of the Labour Party.
Leeds North West is a constituency in the City of Leeds which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Alex Sobel, of the Labour Party.
The Leeds Outer Ring Road is a main road that runs around most of the perimeter of the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
right Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society is a Learned society in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Playhouse is a theatre in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, in the north of England.
Leeds railway station (also known as Leeds City railway station) is the mainline railway station serving the city centre of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.
The Leeds Rhinos are a professional rugby league club based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds was, from 1894 to 1912, a rural district in the administrative county of Yorkshire, West Riding, England.
Leeds Student Radio (also known as LSR and formerly as LSRfm.com) is a student radio station broadcasting every day during term time from Leeds University Union at the University of Leeds.
The Leeds Supertram was a proposed light rail/tram system in Leeds and West Yorkshire in England.
Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust is an NHS hospital trust in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Town Hall was built between 1853 and 1858 on The Headrow (formerly Park Lane), Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, to a design by architect Cuthbert Brodrick.
Leeds Corporation Tramways formerly served the city of Leeds, England.
Leeds Trinity University is a public university in the town of Horsforth, West Yorkshire, England, which offers foundation and undergraduate degrees, as well as postgraduate qualifications.
Leeds United Football Club is a professional association football club in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds United Ladies Football Club are an English women's football club based in Leeds, West Yorkshire.
Leeds University Union (LUU) is the representative body for the students at the University of Leeds, England.
Leeds West is a borough constituency in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire which is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Leeds Carnival, also called the Leeds West Indian Carnival or the Chapeltown Carnival, is one of the longest running West Indian carnivals in Europe, having been going since 1967.
The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.
Light Night is a cultural event which first happened in the city of Leeds in October 2005, as part of the launch of the region-wide Illuminate Cultural Festival.
List of airports in the United Kingdom is a partial list of public active aerodromes (airports and airfields) in the UK and the British Crown Dependencies.
This is a list of official cities in the United Kingdom as of 2015.
This is a list of telephone dialling codes in the United Kingdom.
This is a list of districts of England ordered by area, according to Standard Area Measurements published by the Office for National Statistics.
List of the 326 districts of England (English Municipalities) by population, estimated figures for from the Office for National Statistics.
The Leeds city centre Loop Road is a one-way traffic route of approximately two miles within the city centre of Leeds, which encircles a large section of the shopping/retail district.
This is an annotated list of swimming pools in the United Kingdom which conform to the Olympic standard.
The Lord Mayor of Leeds (until 1897 Mayor of Leeds) is a ceremonial post held by a member of Leeds City Council, elected annually by the council.
This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to three different sources.
The list of motorways in the United Kingdom is a complete list of motorways in the United Kingdom.
The fifty-sixth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2015 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.
This is a list of people from Leeds, a city in West Yorkshire, England.
City of Leeds, West Yorkshire is a large city in England that includes several separate towns and villages and many other identifiable areas.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
This is a list of cities and conurbations in the United Kingdom sorted by their Gross Value Added (GVA), a measure of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy.
This is a list of the most populous urban areas as at the 2011 census, as defined by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), although the basis for the sourced list (used for its ready availability of the data) is Citypopulation.de.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Live at Leeds is the first live album by the English rock band The Who.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Living Faith Church Worldwide (also known as Winners Chapel) is a megachurch and a Christian denomination founded by Bishop David Oyedepo in 1983.
Lloyds Banking Group plc is a major British financial institution formed through the acquisition of HBOS by Lloyds TSB in 2009.
Loiner is a demonym, describing the citizens of Leeds.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince (28 August 1841 – vanished 16 September 1890) was a French artist and the inventor of an early motion picture camera, possibly being the first person to shoot a moving picture sequence using a single lens camera and a strip of (paper) film.
Louis Vuitton Malletier, commonly referred to as Louis Vuitton, or shortened to LV, is a French fashion house and luxury retail company founded in 1854 by Louis Vuitton.
The LS postcode area, also known as the Leeds postcode area, is a group of postcode districts around Leeds, Wetherby, Tadcaster, Pudsey, Otley and Ilkley in England.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
In economics, a luxury good (or upmarket good) is a good for which demand increases more than proportionally as income rises, and is a contrast to a "necessity good", where demand increases proportionally less than income.
The M1 is a motorway in England connecting London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford, to connect to Newcastle.
The M62 is a west–east trans-Pennine motorway in Northern England, connecting Liverpool and Hull via Manchester and Leeds; of the route is shared with the M60 orbital motorway around Manchester.
The M621 is a short loop of motorway in England that takes traffic into central Leeds between the M1 and M62 motorways.
Made in Leeds is a local television station serving Leeds and West Yorkshire.
Madonna Louise Ciccone (born August 16, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman.
Mahavira (IAST), also known as Vardhamāna, was the twenty-fourth Tirthankara (ford-maker) of Jainism which was revived and re-established by him.
Malton is a market town, civil parish and electoral ward in North Yorkshire, England.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester Airport is an international airport in Ringway, Manchester, England, south-west of Manchester city centre.
Metrolink (also known as Manchester Metrolink) is a tram/light rail system in Greater Manchester, England.
Maria Donata Nanetta Paulina Gustava Erwina Wilhelmine Stein, CBE (18 October 19266 March 2014), known as Marion Stein, and subsequently by marriage as Marion Lascelles, Countess of Harewood, and later Marion Thorpe, was an Austrian-born British concert pianist.
Market town or market right is a legal term, originating in the Middle Ages, for a European settlement that has the right to host markets, distinguishing it from a village and city.
Marks & Spencer Group plc (also known as M&S) is a major British multinational retailer headquartered in the City of Westminster, London.
Marshall's Mill is a former flax spinning mill on Marshall Street in Holbeck, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Meadowhall is an indoor shopping centre in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.
Meadowhall Interchange is a transport interchange located in north-east Sheffield, consisting of a combined heavy rail station, tram stop and bus and coach station.
The Meanwood Beck is a stream in West Yorkshire, England, which flows southwards through Adel, Meanwood and Sheepscar into the River Aire in central Leeds.
The Meanwood Valley Trail is a waymarked footpath and the title of an annual (March/April) footrace that takes place on parts of the trail in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Mechanics' Institutes are educational establishments, originally formed to provide adult education, particularly in technical subjects, to working men.
Melanie Janine Brown (born 29 May 1975), also known as Mel B or Melanie B, is an English singer, songwriter, actress, and television personality.
Mela (मेला) is a Sanskrit word meaning 'gathering' or 'to meet' or a 'fair'.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
The Merrion Centre is a shopping centre in Leeds, England.
The Methodist Church of Great Britain is the fourth-largest Christian denomination in Britain and the mother church to Methodists worldwide.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Metro is the United Kingdom's highest circulation newspaper, published in tabloid format by DMG Media.
A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county.
The Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire in Yorkshire and the Humber Region of England.
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer.
Sir Michael Ernest Sadler, KCSI CB (3 July 1861 – 14 October 1943) was a British historian, educationalist and university administrator.
Micklefield is a village and civil parish east of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Middleton Park is a public park in Middleton, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
A mill town, also known as factory town or mill village, is typically a settlement that developed around one or more mills or factories, usually cotton mills or factories producing textiles.
Millennium Square is a large city square in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census.
Moortown is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England in the LS17 postcode area.
The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Morley and Outwood is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Andrea Jenkyns of the Conservative Party.
Morley Rugby Union Football Club is a rugby union club based in Morley, West Yorkshire.
Morley Town Hall is a grand grade I listed building, with a clock tower in Morley, West Yorkshire, England.
Morley is a market town and civil parish within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England.
Mormonism is the predominant religious tradition of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity started by Joseph Smith in Western New York in the 1820s and 30s.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
Morley was a local government district in Yorkshire, West Riding.
Pudsey was a local government district in Yorkshire, West Riding from 1872 to 1974 around the town of Pudsey, covering Farsley, Calverley, Stanningley, Swinnow and Rodley.
A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town.
The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 (5 & 6 Wm. IV., c.76), sometimes known as the Municipal Reform Act, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in the incorporated boroughs of England and Wales.
Music journalism (or "music criticism") is media criticism and reporting about popular music topics, including pop music, rock music, and related styles.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The Romani people are also known by a variety of other names; in English as gypsies or gipsies (seen by some as a slur, as discussed below) and Roma, in Greek as γύφτοι (gíftoi) or τσιγγάνοι (tsingánoi), in Central and Eastern Europe as Tsingani (and variants), in France as gitans besides the dated bohémiens, manouches, in Italy as zingari and gitani, in Spain as gitanos, and in Portugal as ciganos.
The National Conference League (known as the Kingstone Press National Conference League for sponsorship reasons) is the top British amateur rugby league competition in the Rugby Football League pyramid, and as such is the leading amateur rugby league competition in England.
National Express is an intercity and InterRegional coach operator providing services throughout Great Britain.
In horse racing in the United Kingdom, France and Ireland, National Hunt racing requires horses to jump fences and ditches.
National League 2 North, (which before September 2009 was known as National Division Three North) is a level four league in the English rugby union system and provides mostly amateur competition for teams in the northern half of England. From 2009–10 the RFU restructured the league system in England, and this league was expanded from fourteen to sixteen teams. Participating clubs are from the English Midlands and Northern England. Each team plays thirty league games on a home and away basis. The champion club is promoted to National League 1 and the runner-up participates in a one-off play-off with the runner-up of National League 2 South for promotion. Relegation is to either the Midlands Premier or North Premier leagues depending on where the teams are based.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Newfrontiers (previously New Frontiers International) is a neocharismatic apostolic network of evangelical, charismatic churches founded by Terry Virgo.
NHS Digital is the trading name of the Health and Social Care Information Centre, which is the national provider of information, data and IT systems for commissioners, analysts and clinicians in health and social care in England, particularly those involved with the National Health Service (England).
NHS England is an executive non-departmental public body (NDPB) of the Department of Health and Social Care.
Nicolas Paul "Nic" Jones (born 9 January 1947) is an English folk singer, fingerstyle guitarist and fiddle player who was most active in the years 1964–1982.
In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.
Norbert Lynton (22 September 1927 – 30 October 2007, Brighton, England) was Professor of the History of Art at the University of Sussex.
The North Hockey Association runs hockey leagues based in the North of England.
Northern, the trading name of Arriva Rail North, is a train operating company in Northern England.
Northern Ballet, formerly Northern Ballet Theatre, is a dance company based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, with a strong repertoire in theatrical dance productions where the emphasis is on story telling as well as classical ballet.
Northern Foods Ltd is a British food manufacturer headquartered in Leeds, England.
The Northern School of Contemporary Dance (NSCD) is a higher education institution in Chapeltown, Leeds, England specialising in contemporary dance.
Notre Dame is a Sixth Form College in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
In the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) codes of the United Kingdom (UK), the three levels are.
Oakwood is a suburb of north-east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, that lies between Gipton and Roundhay Park.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The Office of Rail and Road (ORR) is a non-ministerial government department responsible for the economic and safety regulation of Britain's railways, and the economic monitoring of Highways England.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
In the United Kingdom, the Office for National Statistics maintains a series of codes to represent a wide range of geographical areas of the UK, for use in tabulating census and other statistical data.
Opera North is an English opera company based in Leeds.
The Ordnance Survey National Grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, distinct from latitude and longitude.
The term Other White is a classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom and has been used in documents such as the 2011 UK Census to describe people who self-identify as white persons who are not of the English, Welsh, Scottish or Irish ethnic groupings.
Otley is a market town and civil parish at a bridging point on the River Wharfe in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England.
Otley Museum is in the town of Otley, near Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.
Otley Rugby Union Football Club is an English rugby union club representing Otley in the City of Leeds, district of West Yorkshire.
Oulton Raiders are an amateur rugby league football club from Oulton in Leeds, West Yorkshire.
A parish council is a civil local authority found in England and is the first tier of local government.
Park Square is a Georgian public square in central Leeds, West Yorkshire.
Patrick Heron CBE (30 January 1920 – 20 March 1999) was a British abstract and figurative artist, writer, and polemicist, who lived in Zennor, Cornwall.
Sir Paul Smith (born 5 July 1946) is a British fashion designer.
Pedestrian zones (also known as auto-free zones and car-free zones, and as pedestrian precincts in British English) are areas of a city or town reserved for pedestrian-only use and in which most or all automobile traffic may be prohibited.
The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of mountains and hills in England separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England.
Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
Phoenix Dance Theatre is a dance company based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, which has grown from small beginnings in inner-city Leeds to be one of Britain’s leading contemporary dance companies.
Pontefract is a historic market town in West Yorkshire, England, near the A1 (or Great North Road) and the M62 motorway.
PopMatters is an international online magazine of cultural criticism that covers many aspects of popular culture.
In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.
A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system.
Postal codes used in the United Kingdom are known as postcodes (originally postal codes).
Potternewton is a suburb and parish of north-east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, between Chapeltown and Chapel Allerton (in whose ward the area falls).
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.
Public Health England (PHE) is an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care in the United Kingdom that began operating on 1 April 2013.
Pudsey is a market town in West Yorkshire, England.
Pudsey is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stuart Andrew, a Conservative.
Pudsey Grangefield School is a secondary school and sixth form located in Pudsey, West Yorkshire, England.
Pulled Apart by Horses are an indie rock and alternative rock band from Leeds, England.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
Quarry Hill is an area of central Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Rachel Jane Reeves (born 13 February 1979) is a British economist and Labour Party politician.
Radio Aire is an Independent Local Radio station serving Leeds and West Yorkshire.
Radio Aire 2 is the AM sister service of Radio Aire and broadcasts to West Yorkshire on 828 kHz.
The Reading and Leeds Festivals are a pair of annual rock music festivals that take place in Reading and Leeds in England.
Reform is a British think tank based in London, whose declared mission is to set out a better way to deliver public services and economic prosperity.
Reginald Cotterell Butler (28 April 1913 – 23 October 1981) was an English sculptor.
In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).
The regions of England, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England.
The RFU Championship, known for sponsorship reasons as the Greene King IPA Championship from 2013–14, is the second tier of the English rugby union league system and was founded in September 1987.
Richard Burgon (born 19 September 1980) is a British Labour Party politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds East.
Ripon is a cathedral city in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England.
The Cathedral Church of St Peter and St Wilfrid, commonly known as Ripon Cathedral, is a cathedral in the North Yorkshire city of Ripon.
The River Aire is a major river in Yorkshire, England, in length.
The River Wharfe is a river in Yorkshire, England.
Robert Peter Williams (born 13 February 1974) is an English singer, songwriter and actor.
Robin Page (2 November 1932 – 12 May 2015) was a British painter.
Rockstar Leeds Limited (formerly Möbius Entertainment Limited) is a British video game developer based in Leeds, England.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Leeds is a Roman Catholic diocese of the Latin Rite centred on Leeds Cathedral in the city of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.
Rothwell is a market town in the south east of the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England.
Roundhay is a large suburb and city council ward in north-east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Roundhay Garden Scene is an 1888 short silent actuality film recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince.
Roundhay Park in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is one of the biggest city parks in Europe.
The Royal Armouries Museum in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is a national museum which displays the National Collection of Arms and Armour.
The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc (also known as RBS Group) is a British banking and insurance holding company, based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Royal Mail plc (Post Brenhinol; a' Phuist Rìoghail) is a postal service and courier company in the United Kingdom, originally established in 1516.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
The Rugby League Conference (RLC) (also known as the Co-operative Rugby League Conference as a result of sponsorship from The Co-operative Group), was a series of regionally based divisions of amateur rugby league teams spread throughout England, Scotland and Wales.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Salem Chapel is a former Congregational church, located on Hunslet Lane, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Salford is a town in the City of Salford, North West England.
Sangha (saṅgha; saṃgha; සංඝයා; พระสงฆ์; Tamil: சங்கம்) is a word in Pali and Sanskrit meaning "association", "assembly", "company" or "community" and most commonly refers in Buddhism to the monastic community of bhikkhus (monks) and bhikkhunis (nuns).
Sarah Siddons (née Kemble; 5 July 1755 – 8 June 1831) was a Welsh-born actress, the best-known tragedienne of the 18th century.
Scarborough is a town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England.
Schofields was a department store that operated on The Headrow in Leeds, England, from 1901 to 1996.
Seacroft is an outer-city suburb/township consisting mainly of council estate housing covering an extensive area of east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Seacroft Hospital is based in York Road in the area of Seacroft, Leeds, LS14 West Yorkshire, England and is operated by the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.
The Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions was a United Kingdom Cabinet position created in 1997, with responsibility for the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR).
The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.
Sewerage is the infrastructure that conveys sewage or surface runoff (stormwater, meltwater, rainwater) using sewers.
Shadwell is a small but affluent village, suburb and civil parish in north east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Sheepscar is an inner city district of Leeds in West Yorkshire England, lying to the north east of Leeds city centre.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
The Sheffield Supertram (officially the Stagecoach Supertram) is a light rail tram system in the city of Sheffield, England.
Shipley is a town and commuter-suburb within the City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, north of Bradford.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Sky Plaza (also known as The Plaza Tower) is a 37 storey, residential skyscraper, in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Skyrack was a wapentake of the West Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Slum clearance, slum eviction or slum removal is an urban renewal strategy used to transform low income settlements with poor reputation into another type of development or housing.
Soft Cell are an English synthpop duo who came to prominence in the early 1980s, consisting of vocalist Marc Almond and instrumentalist David Ball.
is a Japanese Buddhist religious movement based on the teachings of the 13th-century Japanese priest Nichiren as taught by its first three presidents Tsunesaburō Makiguchi, Jōsei Toda and Daisaku Ikeda.
The South Yorkshire Coalfield is so named from its position within Yorkshire.
The Spice Girls are an English pop girl group formed in 1994.
St George's Church, Leeds is a Church of England parish church based in the centre of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
St Ives (Porth Ia, meaning "St Ia's cove") is a seaside town, civil parish and port in Cornwall.
The Church of Saint John the Baptist in Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England is an active Anglican parish church in the archdeaconry of Leeds and the Diocese of Leeds.
The St John's Centre is an indoor shopping centre in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Stagecoach in Hull Lincolnshire Road Car Co Limited is a bus operator providing services in Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Stanningley is a district of Pudsey, West Yorkshire, England.
Stass Paraskos (Στας Παράσκος; 17 March 1933 – 4 March 2014) was an artist from Cyprus, although much of his life was spent teaching and working in England.
Stratford-upon-Avon is a market town and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon District, in the county of Warwickshire, England, on the River Avon, north west of London, south east of Birmingham, and south west of Warwick.
Stuart James Andrew (born 25 November 1971) is a Welsh Conservative MP for the Pudsey constituency in West Yorkshire.
A student publication is a media outlet such as a newspaper, magazine, television show, or radio station produced by students at an educational institution.
Suffragettes were members of women's organisations in the late-19th and early-20th centuries who, under the banner "Votes for Women", fought for women's suffrage, the right to vote in public elections.
Super League (currently known as the Betfred Super League for sponsorship reasons) is the top-level professional rugby league club competition in the Northern hemisphere.
Swarcliffe, originally the Swarcliffe Estate, is a district of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Tadcaster Rural District was a rural district in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1894 to 1974.
TD Waterhouse is the brand used for a Canadian brokerage within Toronto–Dominion Bank.
Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.
Telefónica Europe plc was a European broadband and telecommunications company that traded as O2 (typeset as O2).
Temple Newsam (historically Temple Newsham), is a Tudor-Jacobean house with grounds landscaped by Capability Brown, in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Temple Works is a former flax mill in Holbeck, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Tempo FM is the local community radio station for Wetherby, Boston Spa, as well as the surrounding villages in the West Yorkshire and North Yorkshire areas.
Terry Atkinson (born 1939) is an English artist.
Sir Terry Frost RA (born Terence Ernest Manitou Frost) (13 October 1915 – 1 September 2003) was an English abstract artist, who worked in Newlyn, Cornwall.
The Thackray Medical Museum in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is a museum of the history of medicine adjacent to St James's University Hospital.
The Calls is an area and street by the River Aire in Leeds city centre, West Yorkshire, England.
The Chevin is the name given to the ridge on the south side of Wharfedale in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, overlooking the market town of Otley, and often known as Otley Chevin.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
The Cottage Road Cinema is the oldest cinema in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
The First Film is a 2015 British documentary film about cinema pioneer Louis Le Prince, made by David Nicholas Wilkinson.
The Good Old Days is a BBC television light entertainment programme produced by Barney Colehan which ran from 1953 to 1983.
The Gryphon, formerly known as Leeds Student, is a British weekly student newspaper, published free every Friday during term-time and distributed around the University of Leeds, Leeds, England.
The Headrow is a street in Leeds city centre, West Yorkshire, England.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Leeds Guide was a monthly "What's on" magazine published in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England from 1997 until 2012.
The Leeds Studios (also known as the Yorkshire Television Studios or YTV Studios) is a television production complex on Kirkstall Road in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
The Light is a leisure and retail centre in central Leeds, England.
The New Penny is a gay pub in The Calls area of Leeds, West Yorkshire.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Pigeon Detectives are an English indie rock band from Rothwell in Leeds, West Yorkshire, who formed in 2004.
The Ramblers, formally known as The Ramblers' Association, is the largest walkers' rights organisation in Great Britain, and aims to represent the interests of walkers (or ramblers).
The Rhythm Sisters is an English acoustic/pop duo from Leeds which formed in 1987.
The Rodillian Academy (formerly Rodillian School) is a mixed secondary School and sixth form with academy status located in Lofthouse, West Yorkshire, England.
The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.
The Sisters of Mercy are an English gothic rock band, formed in 1980 in Leeds.
The Sunshine Underground (often shortened to TSU) were an English alternative dance band based in Leeds.
The Tetley, is a contemporary art gallery based to the south of the centre of Leeds, England, on the site for the former Tetley's Brewery.
The Theatre in Hunslet, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, was a theatre for summer shows, built in 1771 by Tate Wilkinson and redeveloped in 1867.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Wedding Present are a British indie rock group originally formed in 1985 in Leeds, England, from the ashes of the Lost Pandas.
The White Rose Way is a walking trail in England from Leeds, West Yorkshire to Scarborough, North Yorkshire.
The Who are an English rock band formed in 1964.
The Yorkshire Post is a daily broadsheet newspaper, published in Leeds in northern England.
Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core.
A think tank, think factory or policy institute is a research institute/center and organisation that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Thomas Hudson (1701 – 26 January 1779) was an English portrait painter.
Three-tier education refers to those structures of schooling, which exist in some parts of England, where pupils are taught in three distinct school types.
Throstle Nest is a football ground situated in Farsley, in the Metropolitan District of the City of Leeds in England, and is the current home of Farsley Celtic.
Thwaite Mills is an industrial museum in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.
Topshop (originally Top Shop) is a British multinational fashion retailer of clothing, shoes, make-up and accessories.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
Tower Works is a former factory notable for its three listed towers.
The Trafford Centre (also known as the intu Trafford Centre) is a large indoor shopping centre and leisure complex in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
The Trans Pennine Trail is a long-distance path running from coast to coast across Northern England entirely on surfaced paths and using only gentle gradients (it runs largely along disused railway lines and canal towpaths).
Transdev Blazefield is a bus group in England.
A Travel to Work Area or TTWA is a statistical tool used by UK Government agencies and local authorities, especially by the Department for Work and Pensions and Jobcentres, to indicate an area where the population would generally commute to a larger town, city or conurbation for the purposes of employment.
Trinity Leeds is a shopping and leisure centre in Leeds, England, named after the adjacent 18th-century Holy Trinity Church.
The Triratna Buddhist Community (formerly the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order (FWBO)) is an international fellowship of Buddhists, and others who aspire to its path of mindfulness, under the leadership of the Triratna Buddhist Order (formerly the Western Buddhist Order).
The Leeds trolleybus system served the West Riding of Yorkshire city of Leeds in England between 1911 and 1928.
The 1996 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 96, was the 10th UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations and organised by UEFA.
The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.
List of railway stations in the United Kingdom, split alphabetically.
A nationwide census, known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday, 29 April 2001.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The 2,520 railway stations on the National Rail network in Great Britain are classified into six categories (two of which are each divided into two subcategories) by the Department for Transport.
The United Reformed Church (URC) is a Christian church in the United Kingdom.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The University of Law (ULaw) (formerly the College of Law) is a for-profit, private university in the United Kingdom, providing law degrees, specialist legal training, and continuing professional development courses for British barristers and solicitors.
The University of Leeds is a Russell Group university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
In England, an unparished area is an area that is not covered by a civil parish (a small administrative division of local government, not to be confused with an ecclesiastical parish).
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
Utah Saints are an English electronic music group.
Vague was an influential art club night held at The Warehouse nightclub in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, from 1993 to 1996.
Vaisakhi (IAST), also known as Baisakhi, Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi is a historical and religious festival in Sikhism and Hinduism.
Valentine's Day, also called Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is celebrated annually on February 14.
Vesak (Pali: Vesākha, Vaiśākha), also known as Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists and some Hindus on different days in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia and the Philippines and in China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam as "Buddha's Birthday" as well as in other parts of the world.
Victoria Leeds is a shopping and leisure area in Leeds city centre.
VisitEngland is the official tourist board for England.
Vivienne Isabel Westwood (née Swire; born 8 April 1941) is a British fashion designer and businesswoman, largely responsible for bringing modern punk and new wave fashions into the mainstream.
Wakefield is a city in West Yorkshire, England, on the River Calder and the eastern edge of the Pennines, which had a population of 99,251 at the 2011 census.
Wakefield Cathedral, or the Cathedral Church of All Saints in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom, is one of three co-equal Anglican cathedrals for the Diocese of Leeds and a seat of the Bishop of Leeds.
A war memorial is a building, monument, statue or other edifice to celebrate a war or victory, or (predominating in modern times) to commemorate those who died or were injured in a war.
The wards and electoral divisions in the United Kingdom are electoral districts at sub-national level represented by one or more councillors.
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.
Weetwood is an area between Headingley and Meanwood in north-west Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England.
West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England.
West Yorkshire County Council (WYCC) — also known as West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council (WYMCC) — was the top-tier local government administrative body for West Yorkshire from 1974 to 1986.
The West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service is the county-wide, statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, England.
West Yorkshire Joint Services (WYJS) provides a range of public services to the five districts of West Yorkshire, England (Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds and Wakefield).
Metro is the passenger information brand used by the West Yorkshire Combined Authority in England.
West Yorkshire Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing West Yorkshire in England.
The West Yorkshire Built-up Area, previously known as the West Yorkshire Urban Area is a term used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to refer to a conurbation in West Yorkshire, England, based on the cities of Leeds, Bradford and Wakefield, and the large towns of Huddersfield and Halifax.
Wetherby is a market town and civil parish within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England.
The Wetherby News is a local weekly tabloid newspaper published on a Thursday and based in Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England.
Wetherby Racecourse is a racecourse situated near the market town of Wetherby in West Yorkshire, England, located from Leeds city centre.
Wetherby was a rural district in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1894 to 1974.
The WF postcode area, also known as the Wakefield postcode area, is a group of seventeen postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of eleven post towns.
Wharfedale Hospital (formerly known as Wharfedale General Hospital) is located in the market town of Otley, West Yorkshire, England, and is part of the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.
Wharfedale was a rural district in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1894 to 1974.
Whitby is a seaside town, port and civil parish in the Borough of Scarborough and English county of North Yorkshire.
White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
The White Rose Centre is a shopping centre in the Beeston area of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
William Hill plc is a bookmaker based in London, England.
A wind tunnel is a tool used in aerodynamic research to study the effects of air moving past solid objects.
Windermere is the largest natural lake in England.
Women's association football, also commonly known as women’s football, or women's soccer, is the most prominent team sport played by women around the globe.
Women's football has been played in England for over a century, sharing a common history with the men's game as the country in which the Laws of the Game were codified.
Woodhouse Moor is an open space approximately one mile (1.6 km) from Leeds city centre, West Yorkshire, England.
Wordsworth Donisthorpe (Leeds, 24 March 1847 – Shottermill, 30 January 1914) was an English individualist anarchist and inventor, pioneer of cinematography and chess enthusiast.
In England and Wales a workhouse, colloquially known as a spike, was a place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yeadon is a town within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
Yorkshire and the Humber is a constituency of the European Parliament.
Yorkshire Bank is a bank operating in England as a trading division of Clydesdale Bank plc and is ultimately owned by CYBG plc.
The Yorkshire Building Society is the third largest building society in the UK, with its headquarters in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
Yorkshire Carnegie (formerly Leeds Carnegie, Leeds Tykes and Leeds RUFC) are an English rugby union club in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, who play in the RFU Championship.
Yorkshire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.
The Yorkshire Dales is an upland area of the Pennines in Northern England in the historic county of Yorkshire, most of it in the Yorkshire Dales National Park created in 1954.
The Yorkshire Evening Post is a daily evening publication (delivered to newsagents every morning) published by Yorkshire Post Newspapers in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
The Yorkshire Hockey Association runs hockey in Yorkshire, England.
Yorkshire Post Newspapers are publishers of the Yorkshire Post and Yorkshire Evening Post.
Yorkshire Radio was a British digital radio station serving Yorkshire on DAB.
Yorkshire Water is a water supply and treatment utility company servicing West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, the East Riding of Yorkshire, part of North Lincolnshire, most of North Yorkshire and part of Derbyshire, in England.
The Youth Hostels Association (England & Wales) is a charitable organisation, registered with the Charity Commission, providing youth hostel accommodation in England and Wales.
Zen (p; translit) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan Buddhism.
The 1st White Cloth Hall is a Grade II* listed building on Kirkgate, in the city centre of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England.
The 2014 Tour de France was the 101st edition of the race, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
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