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Legal case

Index Legal case

A legal case is a dispute between opposing parties resolved by a court, or by some equivalent legal process. [1]

44 relations: Arbitration, Case law, Charles Dickens, Civil law (common law), Class action, Common law, Commonwealth of Nations, Complaint, Controversy (law), Court, Criminal law, D v D, Declaratory judgment, Defendant, District attorney, Early case assessment, Evidence (law), Filing (legal), In re, In re Gault, Indictment, Injunction, Inquisitorial system, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, John Doe, King, Lawsuit, Legal remedy, List of legal terms, Lists of case law, Natural person, Plaintiff, Plea bargain, Private Eye, Procedural law, Prosecutor, Queen regnant, R v Adams, Roe v. Wade, Service of process, Settlement (litigation), The Crown, Tochigi patricide case, Trial.

Arbitration

Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts.

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Case law

Case law is a set of past rulings by tribunals that meet their respective jurisdictions' rules to be cited as precedent.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Civil law (common law)

Civil law is a branch of the law.

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Class action

A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is a group of people who are represented collectively by a member of that group.

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Common law

Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Complaint

In legal terminology, a complaint is any formal legal document that sets out the facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that the filing party or parties (the plaintiff(s)) believes are sufficient to support a claim against the party or parties against whom the claim is brought (the defendant(s)) that entitles the plaintiff(s) to a remedy (either money damages or injunctive relief).

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Controversy (law)

In jurisprudence, a controversy differs from a case; while the latter includes all suits, criminal as well as civil, a controversy is a purely civil proceeding.

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Court

A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.

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Criminal law

Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.

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D v D

D v D 1 FLR 495 was a Court of Appeal case determining the criteria necessary in disputes regarding residence in the United Kingdom.

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Declaratory judgment

A declaratory judgment, also called a declaration, is the legal determination of a court that resolves legal uncertainty for the litigants.

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Defendant

A defendant is a person accused of committing a crime in criminal prosecution or a person against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.

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District attorney

In the United States, a district attorney (DA) is the chief prosecutor for a local government area, typically a county.

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Early case assessment

Early case assessment refers to estimating risk (cost of time and money) to prosecute or defend a legal case.

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Evidence (law)

The law of evidence, also known as the rules of evidence, encompasses the rules and legal principles that govern the proof of facts in a legal proceeding.

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Filing (legal)

In law, filing is the act of submitting a document to the clerk of a court for the court's immediate consideration and for storage in the court's files.

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In re

In re, Latin for "in the matter ", is a term with several different, but related meanings.

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In re Gault

In re Gault,, was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults, such as the right to timely notification of the charges, the right to confront witnesses, the right against self-incrimination, and the right to counsel.

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Indictment

An indictment is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime.

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Injunction

An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts.

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Inquisitorial system

An inquisitorial system is a legal system where the court or a part of the court is actively involved in investigating the facts of the case, as opposed to an adversarial system where the role of the court is primarily that of an impartial referee between the prosecution and the defense.

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Jarndyce and Jarndyce

Jarndyce and Jarndyce (or Jarndyce v Jarndyce) is a fictional court case in Bleak House (1852-3) by Charles Dickens, progressing in the English Court of Chancery.

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John Doe

"John Doe", "John Roe" or "Richard Roe" (for men), "Jane Doe" or "Jane Roe" (for women), and "Baby Doe", "Janie Doe" or "Johnny Doe" (for children), or just "Doe" or "Roe" are multiple-use names that have two distinct usages.

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King

King, or King Regnant is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts.

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Lawsuit

A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." A lawsuit is any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.

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Legal remedy

A legal remedy, also judicial relief or a judicial remedy, is the means with which a court of law, usually in the exercise of civil law jurisdiction, enforces a right, imposes a penalty, or makes another court order to impose its will.

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List of legal terms

The following pages contain lists of legal terms.

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Lists of case law

This list consists of lists of case law.

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Natural person

In jurisprudence, a natural person is a person (in legal meaning, i.e., one who has its own legal personality) that is an individual human being, as opposed to a legal person, which may be a private (i.e., business entity or non-governmental organization) or public (i.e., government) organization.

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Plaintiff

A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand) is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court.

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Plea bargain

The plea bargain (also plea agreement, plea deal, copping a plea, or plea in mitigation) is any agreement in a criminal case between the prosecutor and defendant whereby the defendant agrees to plead guilty to a particular charge in return for some concession from the prosecutor.

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Private Eye

Private Eye is a British fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, founded in 1961.

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Procedural law

Procedural law, adjective law, or rules of court comprises the rules by which a court hears and determines what happens in civil, lawsuit, criminal or administrative proceedings.

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Prosecutor

A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system.

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Queen regnant

A queen regnant (plural: queens regnant) is a female monarch, equivalent in rank to a king, who reigns in her own right, in contrast to a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king, or a queen regent, who is the guardian of a child monarch and reigns temporarily in the child's stead.

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R v Adams

R v Adams 2 Cr App R 467, Crim LR 898, CA and R v Adams 1 Cr App R 377, The Times, 3 November 1997, CA, are rulings that ousted explicit Bayesian statistics from the reasoning admissible before a jury in DNA cases.

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Roe v. Wade

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), is a landmark decision issued in 1973 by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of the constitutionality of laws that criminalized or restricted access to abortions.

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Service of process

Service of process is the procedure by which a party to a lawsuit gives an appropriate notice of initial legal action to another party (such as a defendant), court, or administrative body in an effort to exercise jurisdiction over that person so as to enable that person to respond to the proceeding before the court, body, or other tribunal.

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Settlement (litigation)

In law, a settlement is a resolution between disputing parties about a legal case, reached either before or after court action begins.

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The Crown

The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).

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Tochigi patricide case

The, or Aizawa patricide case, is a landmark father–daughter incest and patricide case in Tochigi Prefecture, Japan.

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Trial

In law, a trial is a coming together of parties to a dispute, to present information (in the form of evidence) in a tribunal, a formal setting with the authority to adjudicate claims or disputes.

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Redirects here:

Case (law), Court action, Court case, Judicial proceeding, Judicial proceedings, Legal dispute.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_case

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