107 relations: Alex MacFarlane, Asia, Asia Pacific Forum, Associated Press, Australian Capital Territory, British Columbia, California, Castration, CBC News, Celle, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Chief Justice of Pakistan, City of Hobsons Bay, Civil marriage, CNN, Constitutional Court (Austria), Cross-dressing, Daily Mail, Dayanita Singh, Der Spiegel, Discrimination against non-binary gender persons, Early day motion, Equality before the law, Eunuch, Federal Court of Justice, Female, Gender, Gender dysphoria, Gender identity, Genderqueer, Global Action for Trans Equality, Global News, Hida Viloria, High Court of Australia, Higher education, Higher Education Statistics Agency, Hijra (South Asia), Homosexuality, Human rights, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, India, International Bill of Human Rights, Intersex, Intersex Campaign for Equality, Intersex Human Rights Australia, Intersex medical interventions, Intersex rights in Australia, Intersex rights in New Zealand, Kathoey, ..., Lambda Legal, Legal recognition of intersex people, LGBT rights by country or territory, Male, Mauro Cabral Grinspan, Mumbai, Mx (title), National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India, National LGBTI Health Alliance, NBC News, Nepal, New York (state), Norrie May-Welby, Northwest Territories, Oberlandesgericht, Ontario, Open Society Foundations, Oregon, Pakistan, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Passport, Pew Research Center, Philippines, Sex, Sex assignment, Sex reassignment surgery, Sexual characteristics, Singapore, Social movement, Special Broadcasting Service, Statistics New Zealand, Structural violence, Student, Supreme Court of India, Supreme Court of Nepal, Supreme Court of Pakistan, Thailand, The Canberra Times, The Daily Dot, The Guardian, The Sun (United Kingdom), The Washington Post, The West Australian, Third gender, Tony Briffa, Transgender, Transgender Law Center, Transgender rights, Transgender Victoria, Transsexual, Transvestism, United Nations, United States Department of State, Urdu, Victoria (Australia), Washington Blade, Washington, D.C.. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Alex MacFarlane is an intersex person born with XXY sex chromosomes in Victoria, Australia.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Asia Pacific Forum (APF) is one of four regional networks of national human rights institutions (NHRIs) within the International Co-ordinating Committee of NHRIs.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT; known as the Federal Capital Territory until 1938) is Australia's federal district, located in the south-east of the country and enclaved within the state of New South Wales.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Castration (also known as gonadectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles.
CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca.
Celle is a town and capital of the district of Celle, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chiang Mai (from เชียงใหม่, ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦ ᩲᩉ᩠ᨾ᩵) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the largest city in northern Thailand.
The Chief Justice of Pakistan (initials as CJP) is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The City of Hobsons Bay is a local government area in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
A civil marriage is a marriage performed, recorded and recognised by a government official.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
In the Republic of Austria, the Constitutional Court (German: Verfassungsgerichtshof or VfGH) is the tribunal in charge of the judicial review of the constitutionality of statutes, the legality of ordinances and other secondary legislation, and the constitutionality of decisions of certain other courts.
Cross-dressing is the act of wearing items of clothing and other accoutrements commonly associated with the opposite sex within a particular society.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Dayanita Singh is a photographer whose primary format is the book.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
Discrimination or prejudice against non-binary people, people who do not identify as exclusively masculine or feminine, is a form of sexism, as well as a specific type of transphobia.
An early day motion (EDM), in the Westminster system, is a motion, expressed as a single sentence, tabled by Members of Parliament that formally calls for debate "on an early day".
Equality before the law, also known as: equality under the law, equality in the eyes of the law, or legal equality, is the principle that each independent being must be treated equally by the law (principle of isonomy) and that all are subject to the same laws of justice (due process).
The term eunuch (εὐνοῦχος) generally refers to a man who has been castrated, typically early enough in his life for this change to have major hormonal consequences.
The Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) in Karlsruhe is the highest court in the system of ordinary jurisdiction (ordentliche Gerichtsbarkeit) in Germany.
Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.
Gender dysphoria (GD), or gender identity disorder (GID), is the distress a person experiences as a result of the sex and gender they were assigned at birth.
Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender.
Genderqueer, also known as non-binary, is a catch-all category for gender identities that are not exclusively masculine or feminineidentities which are outside the gender binary and cisnormativity.
Global Action for Trans* Equality (GATE) is an organisation and think tank for transgender and intersex rights.
Global News is the news and current affairs division of the Global Television Network in Canada, itself owned by Corus Entertainment, overseeing all local and national news programming on the network's twelve owned-and-operated stations (O&Os).
Hida Viloria (born May 29, 1968) is a Latinx American writer, author of Born Both: An Intersex Life (Hachette Books), and intersex and non-binary rights activist of Colombian and Venezuelan descent.
The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
The Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) is the official agency for the collection, analysis and dissemination of quantitative information about higher education in the United Kingdom.
Hijra is a term given to eunuchs, intersex people, and transgender people in South Asia.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (اِفتِخار مُحَمّد چودهرى; born 12 December 1948) was the 20th Chief Justice of Pakistan, who served over three non-consecutive terms from 29 June 2005 to 11 December 2013.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The International Bill of Human Rights was the name given to and two international treaties established by the United Nations.
Intersex people are born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".
The Intersex Campaign for Equality (IC4E) is a non-governmental organization that advocates for the human rights of intersex people.
Intersex Human Rights Australia (IHRA) is a voluntary organisation for intersex people that promotes the human rights and bodily autonomy of intersex people in Australia, and provides education and information services.
Intersex medical interventions are surgical, hormonal and other medical interventions performed to modify atypical or ambiguous genitalia and other sex characteristics, primarily for the purposes of making a person's appearance more normal and to reduce the likelihood of future problems.
Intersex rights in Australia are protections and rights afforded to intersex people through statutes, regulations, and international human rights treaties, including through the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 (Cth) which makes it unlawful to discriminate against a person based upon that person's intersex status in contexts such as work, education, provision of services, and accommodation.
Intersex rights in New Zealand are protections and rights afforded to intersex people.
Kathoey or katoey (กะเทย) is a transgender woman or an effeminate gay male in Thailand.
Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, better known as Lambda Legal.
Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as chromosomes, gonads, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
A male (♂) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm.
Mauro Cabral Grinspan, also known as Mauro Cabral, is an Argentinian intersex and trans activist, who serves as the executive director of Global Action for Trans* Equality (GATE).
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Mx ("mix"), is an English language neologistic honorific that indicates a gender other than male or female, or no gender.
National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India is a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of India, which declared transgender people to be a 'third gender', affirmed that the fundamental rights granted under the Constitution of India will be equally applicable to transgender people, and gave them the right to self-identification of their gender as male, female or third-gender.This judgement is a major step towards gender equality in India.
The National LGBTI Health Alliance is a peak health organisation for LGBT and intersex organisations in Australia.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Norrie May-Welby, born 23 May 1961 is a Scottish-Australian transsexual person who pursued the legal status of being neither a man nor a woman, between 2010 and 2014.
The Northwest Territories (NT or NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO; Athabaskan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a federal territory of Canada.
An Oberlandesgericht (plural – Oberlandesgerichte; OLG, Higher Regional Court, or in Berlin Kammergericht: KG) is a higher court in Germany.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Open Society Foundations (OSF), formerly the Open Society Institute, is an international grantmaking network founded by business magnate George Soros.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.
Sex assignment (sometimes known as gender assignment) is the determination of an infant's sex at birth.
Sex reassignment surgery or SRS (also known as gender reassignment surgery, gender confirmation surgery, genital reconstruction surgery, gender-affirming surgery, or sex realignment surgery) is the surgical procedure (or procedures) by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender.
Sexual characteristics are physical or behavioral traits of an organism (typically of a sexually dimorphic organism) which are indicative of its biological sex.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
A social movement is a type of group action.
The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is a hybrid-funded Australian public broadcasting radio, online, and television network.
Statistics New Zealand (Tatauranga Aotearoa), branded as Stats NZ, is the public service department of New Zealand charged with the collection of statistics related to the economy, population and society of New Zealand.
Structural violence is a term commonly ascribed to Johan Galtung, which he introduced in the article "Violence, Peace, and Peace Research" (1969).
A student is a learner or someone who attends an educational institution.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
The Supreme Court of Nepal (सर्वोच्च अदालत) is the highest court in Nepal.
The Supreme Court of Pakistan (عدالت عظمیٰ پاکستان; Adālat-e-Uzma Pākistān) is the apex court in the judicial hierarchy of Pakistan.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Canberra Times is a daily newspaper, published by Fairfax Media in Canberra.
The Daily Dot is a digital media company covering Internet culture and life on the web.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The West Australian, widely known as The West (Saturday edition: The Weekend West) is the only locally edited daily newspaper published in Perth, Western Australia, and is owned by Seven West Media (SWM), as is the state's other major newspaper, The Sunday Times.
Third gender or third sex is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman.
Tony Briffa (born Antoinette Briffa in Altona, Victoria) is an Australian-Maltese who has Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome.
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex.
The Transgender Law Center (TLC) is the largest American transgender-led civil rights organization in the United States.
A person may be considered to be a transgender person if their gender identity is inconsistent or not culturally associated with the sex they were assigned at birth, and consequently also with the gender role and social status that is typically associated with that sex.
Transgender Victoria (TGV) is a voluntary organisation for transgender people, their partners, families and friends.
Transsexual people experience a gender identity that is inconsistent with, or not culturally associated with, their assigned sex, and desire to permanently transition to the gender with which they identify, usually seeking medical assistance (including hormone replacement therapy and other sex reassignment therapies) to help them align their body with their identified sex or gender.
Transvestism is the practice of dressing and acting in a style or manner traditionally associated with the opposite sex.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
The Washington Blade is a lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) newspaper in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.