154 relations: American Civil War, Australia, Australia Post, Australian Gold Nugget, Australian Silver Kookaburra, Bahrain, Bahraini dinar, Bank of Canada, Bank of England, Bank of England note issues, Bank of France, Bank of New South Wales, Bank of New Zealand, Bank of Thailand, Bank run, Banknote, Barter, Base metal, Bhutan, Bhutanese ngultrum, Bitcoin, Black market, Brunei, Brunei dollar, Bullion coin, Canada, Canadian dollar, Canberra, Cash rounding, Central Bank of Ireland, Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan), Cheque, Coin, Coinage Act of 1965, Colonial Bank of Issue, Conclusion of the American Civil War, Confederate States dollar, Confederate States of America, Constitution of Australia, Counterfeit, Credit card, Currency, Customs union, De La Rue, Decimal Day, Decimalisation, Demand Note, Deposit (politics), Digital currency, Elections in Taiwan, ..., England and Wales, Euro, Euro banknotes, Euro coins, Eurozone, Federal Reserve System, Fiat money, Fifty pence (British coin), Financial transaction, Finnish euro coins, Five pence (British coin), Five pounds (British coin), Gold standard, Government of India, Greece, Greenback (1860s money), Gresham's law, Guilloché, Gulf rupee, History of the British farthing, India, Indian black money, Indian rupee, Invitation to treat, Iraqi Swiss dinar, Irish euro coins, Juilliard v. Greenman, Jurisdiction, Kuwait, Kuwaiti dinar, Law of the United Kingdom, Legal Tender Cases, License, Liechtenstein, Literal translation, Malaysia, Minister of Finance (New Zealand), Monetary Authority of Singapore, Narendra Modi, National Bank of New Zealand, Nepal, Nepalese rupee, New South Wales, New Taiwan dollar, New Zealand, New Zealand dollar, New Zealand pound, Non-circulating legal tender, Norway, Norwegian krone, Numismatics, OFG Bancorp, Omani rial, One pound (British coin), Pakistani rupee, Parliament of Australia, Partition of India, Payment, Penny (British decimal coin), Perth Mint, Portugal, Postage stamp demonetization, Pound sterling, Prajadhipok, Prime Minister of India, Qatar, Qatari riyal, Queensland, Renminbi, Republic of Ireland, Reserve Bank of India, Reserve Bank of New Zealand, Royal Australian Mint, Royal Canadian Mint, Royal Maundy, Royal Ploughing Ceremony, Seigniorage, Shilling, Singapore, Singapore dollar, Sovereign (British coin), Soviet ruble, Soviet Union, Standard of deferred payment, Straits dollar, Straits Settlements, Succession of states, Swiss franc, Switzerland, Taiwan, Ten pence (British coin), Trucial States, Twenty pence (British coin), Two pence (British decimal coin), Two pounds (British coin), United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States Department of the Treasury, United States Note, Vajiravudh, Vending machine, Western Australia, Withdrawal of low-denomination coins, 2016 Indian banknote demonetisation. Expand index (104 more) » « Shrink index
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Postal Corporation (formerly Commission), operating as Australia Post, is the government-owned corporation that provides postal services in Australia.
The Australian Gold Nugget is a gold bullion coin minted by the Perth Mint.
The Silver Kookaburra is a silver bullion coin originating from Australia, and produced at the Perth Mint starting in 1990.
Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.
The dinar (دينار) (sign:.د.ب or BD; code: BHD) is the currency of Bahrain.
The Bank of Canada (or BoC) (Banque du Canada) is Canada's central bank.
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
The Bank of England, which is now the central bank of the United Kingdom, has issued banknotes since 1694.
The Bank of France known in French as the Banque de France, headquartered in Paris, is the central bank of France; it is linked to the European Central Bank (ECB).
The Bank of New South Wales (BNSW), also known commonly as The Wales, was the first bank in Australia, being established in Sydney in 1817 and situated on Broadway.
Bank of New Zealand (BNZ) is one of New Zealand's big four banks and has been operating in the country since the first office was opened in Auckland in October 1861 followed shortly after by the first branch in Dunedin in December 1861.
The Bank of Thailand (BOT, ธนาคารแห่งประเทศไทย) is the central bank of Thailand.
A bank run (also known as a run on the bank) occurs when a large number of people withdraw their money from a bank, because they believe the bank may cease to function in the near future.
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
In trade, barter is a system of exchange where participants in a transaction directly exchange goods or services for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money.
A base metal is a common and inexpensive metal, as opposed to a precious metal such as gold or silver.
Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia.
The ngultrum (དངུལ་ཀྲམ, symbol: Nu., code: BTN) is the currency of the Kingdom of Bhutan.
Bitcoin (₿) is the world's first cryptocurrency, a form of electronic cash.
A black market, underground economy, or shadow economy is a clandestine market or transaction that has some aspect of illegality or is characterized by some form of noncompliant behavior with an institutional set of rules.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
The Brunei dollar (Malay: ringgit Brunei, currency code: BND), has been the currency of the Sultanate of Brunei since 1967.
A bullion coin is a coin struck from precious metal and kept as a store of value or an investment, rather than used in day-to-day commerce.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
Cash rounding or Swedish rounding (New Zealand English) occurs when the minimum unit of account is smaller than the lowest physical denomination of currency.
The Central Bank of Ireland (Banc Ceannais na hÉireann) is Ireland's central bank, and as such part of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).
The Central Bank of the Republic of China (CBC), known in English from 1924 to 2007 as the Central Bank of China, is the central bank of the Republic of China, now commonly known as Taiwan.
A cheque, or check (American English; see spelling differences), is a document that orders a bank to pay a specific amount of money from a person's account to the person in whose name the cheque has been issued.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A coin is a small, flat, (usually) round piece of metal or plastic used primarily as a medium of exchange or legal tender.
The Coinage Act of 1965,, eliminated silver from the circulating United States dime (ten-cent piece) and quarter dollar coins.
The Colonial Bank of Issue was a New Zealand state owned bank that operated between 1847 and 1856 in an early unsuccessful attempt to create a government-owned issuer of bank notes in New Zealand.
This is a timeline of the conclusion of the American Civil War which includes important battles, skirmishes, raids and other events of 1865.
The Confederate States of America dollar was first issued just before the outbreak of the American Civil War by the newly formed Confederacy.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.
The counterfeit means to imitate something.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
A customs union was defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.
De La Rue plc is a British banknote manufacturing, security printing of passports and tax stamps, brand authentication and paper-making company with headquarters in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England.
On 15 February 1971, known as Decimal Day, the United Kingdom and Ireland decimalised their currencies.
Decimalisation is the process of converting a currency from its previous non-decimal denominations to a decimal system (i.e., a system based on one basic unit of currency and one or more sub-units, such that the number of sub-units in one basic unit is a power of 10, most commonly 100).
A Demand Note is a type of United States paper money that was issued between August 1861 and April 1862 during the American Civil War in denominations of 5, 10, and 20 US$.
In an electoral system, a deposit is the sum of money that a candidate for an elected office, such as a seat in a legislature, is required to pay to an electoral authority before he or she is permitted to stand for election.
Digital currency (digital money or electronic money or electronic currency) is a type of currency available only in digital form, not in physical (such as banknotes and coins).
Elections in Taiwan are held on national and local level.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Banknotes of the euro, the currency of the Eurozone, have been in circulation since the first series was issued in 2002.
There are eight euro coin denominations, ranging from one cent to two euros (the euro is divided into a hundred cents).
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
Fiat money is a currency without intrinsic value that has been established as money, often by government regulation.
The British decimal fifty pence (50p) coin – often pronounced fifty pee – is a unit of currency equaling one half of a pound sterling.
A financial transaction is an agreement, or communication, carried out between a buyer and a seller to exchange an asset for payment.
Finnish euro coins feature three designs.
The British decimal five pence (5p) coin – often pronounced five pee – is a unit of currency equaling five one-hundredths of a pound sterling.
The British five pound (£5) coin is a commemorative denomination of the pound sterling.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
Greenbacks were paper currency (printed in green on the back) issued by the United States during the American Civil War.
In economics, Gresham's law is a monetary principle stating that "bad money drives out good".
Guilloché,(or guilloche) is a decorative technique in which a very precise, intricate and repetitive pattern is mechanically engraved into an underlying material via engine turning, which uses a machine of the same name, also called a rose engine lathe.
The Gulf rupee (Arabic: روبيه or روبيه خليجيه), also known as the Persian Gulf rupee, was a currency used in the countries of the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula between 1959 and 1966.
The British farthing (derived from the Anglo-Saxon feorthing, a fourthling or fourth part) was a British coin worth a quarter of an old penny (of a pound sterling).
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
In India, black money is funds earned on the black market, on which income and other taxes have not been paid.
The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.
An invitation to treat (or invitation to bargain in the United States) is a concept within contract law.
The Swiss dinar was the Iraqi currency in circulation prior to the 1990 Gulf War.
Irish euro coins all share the same design by Jarlath Hayes, that of the harp, a traditional symbol for Ireland since the Middle Ages, based on that of the Brian Boru harp, housed in Trinity College, Dublin.
Juilliard v. Greenman,, was a Supreme Court of the United States case in which issuance of greenbacks as legal tender was challenged in peacetime.
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
The Kuwaiti dinar (دينار, code: KWD) is the currency of Kuwait.
The United Kingdom has three legal systems, each of which applies to a particular geographical area.
The Legal Tender Cases were a series of United States Supreme Court cases in the latter part of the nineteenth century that affirmed the constitutionality of paper money.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.
Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time (Latin: "verbum pro verbo") with or without conveying the sense of the original whole.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
The Minister of Finance, originally known as Colonial Treasurer, is a senior figure within the Government of New Zealand and head of the New Zealand Treasury.
The Monetary Authority of Singapore (Abbreviation: MAS;; Malay: Penguasa Kewangan Singapura) is Singapore's central bank and financial regulatory authority.
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.
The National Bank of New Zealand Limited (NBNZ), often referred to as The National Bank, was one of New Zealand's largest banks.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Nepalese rupee (रुपैयाँ, symbol: रु, Rs.; code: NPR) is the official currency of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
New Taiwan dollar (sign: NT$; code: TWD) is the official currency of Taiwan.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The New Zealand dollar (sign: $; code: NZD, also abbreviated NZ$) (Tāra o Aotearoa) is the currency and legal tender of New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, the Ross Dependency, Tokelau, and a British territory, the Pitcairn Islands.
The pound (symbol £, or NZ£ for distinction) was the currency of New Zealand from 1840 until 1967, when it was replaced by the New Zealand dollar.
Non-circulating legal tender (NCLT) refers to coins that are theoretically legal tender and could circulate but do not because their issue price, and/or their melt value at the time of issue is significantly above the arbitrary legal tender value placed thereon.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The krone (sign: kr; code: NOK), plural kroner, is the currency of Norway and its dependent territories.
Numismatics is the study or collection of currency, including coins, tokens, paper money, and related objects.
OFG Bancorp, founded in 1964, more commonly known as OFG or Oriental Bank, is a financial holding company located in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The rial (ريال, ISO 4217 code OMR) is the currency of Oman.
The British one pound (£1) coin is a denomination of the pound sterling.
The Pakistani rupee (روپیہ / ALA-LC:; sign: ₨; code: PKR) is the currency of Pakistan.
The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament; also known as the Commonwealth Parliament or just Parliament) is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
A payment is the trade of value from one party (such as a person or company) to another for goods, or services, or to fulfill a legal obligation.
The British decimal one penny (1p) coin, usually simply known as a penny, is a unit of currency equaling one one-hundredth of a pound sterling.
The Perth Mint is Australia's official bullion mint and wholly owned by the Government of Western Australia.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The demonetization of postage and revenue stamps is the process by which the stamps are rendered no longer valid.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Prajadhipok (ประชาธิปก; 8 November 1893 – 30 May 1941), also Rama VII, was the seventh monarch of Siam of the Chakri dynasty.
The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive of the Government of India.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Qatari riyal is the currency of the State of Qatar.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee.
The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ, Te Pūtea Matua) is the central bank of New Zealand.
The Royal Australian Mint is the sole producer of all of Australia's circulating coins.
The Royal Canadian Mint (Monnaie royale canadienne) is a Crown corporation of Canada, operating under the Royal Canadian Mint Act.
Royal Maundy is a religious service in the Church of England held on Maundy Thursday, the day before Good Friday.
The Royal Ploughing Ceremony (พระราชพิธีจรดพระนังคัลแรกนาขวัญ Phra Ratcha Phithi Charot Phra Nangkhan Raek Na Khwan; ព្រះរាជពិធីបុណ្យច្រត់ព្រះនង្គ័ល Preah Reach Pithi Chrot Preah Neangkol; වප් මඟුල් Vap Magula) also known as The Ploughing Festival is an ancient royal rite held in many Asian countries to mark the traditional beginning of the rice growing season. The royal ploughing ceremony, called Lehtun Mingala or Mingala Ledaw, was also practiced in pre-colonial Burma until 1885 when the monarchy was abolished.
Seigniorage, also spelled seignorage or seigneurage (from Old French seigneuriage "right of the lord (seigneur) to mint money"), is the difference between the value of money and the cost to produce and distribute it.
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
The Singapore dollar (sign: S$; code: SGD) is the official currency of Singapore.
The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling.
The Soviet ruble (рубль; see below for other languages of the USSR) was the currency of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A standard of deferred payment is the accepted way, in a given market, to settle a debt – a deferred payment is not as widely used as other terms for functions of money, namely medium of exchange, store of value, and unit of account, though it is distinguished in some works.
The Straits dollar was the currency of the Straits Settlements from 1898 until 1939.
The Straits Settlements (Negeri-negeri Selat, نݢري٢ سلت) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia.
Succession of states is a theory and practice in international relations regarding successor states.
The franc (sign: Fr. or SFr.; Franken, French and Romansh: franc, franco; code: CHF) is the currency and legal tender of Switzerland and Liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the Italian exclave Campione d'Italia.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The British decimal ten pence (10p) coin – often pronounced ten pee – is a unit of currency equalling ten one-hundredths of a pound sterling.
The Trucial Coast (or أو المتصالح; also known as Trucial States, Trucial Oman, Trucial States of the Coast of Oman, and Trucial Sheikhdoms) were a group of tribal confederations in the south-eastern Persian Gulf, previously known to the British as the "Pirate Coast", which were signatories to treaties (hence 'trucial') with the British government.
The British decimal twenty pence (20p) coin – often pronounced "twenty pee" – is a unit of currency equal to 20/100 of a pound sterling.
The British decimal two pence (2p) coin – often pronounced two pee – is a unit of currency equaling two one-hundredths of a pound sterling.
The British two pound (£2) coin is a denomination of the pound sterling.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government.
A United States Note, also known as a Legal Tender Note, is a type of paper money that was issued from 1862 to 1971 in the U.S. Having been current for more than 100 years, they were issued for longer than any other form of U.S. paper money.
Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Vajiravudh Phra Mongkut Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาวชิราวุธฯ พระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Phra Bat Somdet Phra Ramathibodi Si Sinthra Maha Vajiravudh Phra Mongkut Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระรามาธิบดีศรีสินทรมหาวชิราวุธฯ พระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Rama VI (1 January 1880 – 26 November 1925), was the sixth monarch of Siam under the Chakri dynasty, ruling from 1910 until his death.
A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
The withdrawal of a country's lowest-denomination coins from circulation (usually a one-cent coin or equivalent) may either be through a decision to remove the coins from circulation, or through simply ceasing minting.
On 8 November 2016, the Government of India announced the demonetisation of all 500 and 1000 banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi Series.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.