80 relations: Administrative division, Australia, Authority, Bicameralism, Bill (law), Budget, Bundestag, Cambridge University Press, Cato Institute, Caucus, China, City, Committee, Congress, Constitution, Cube root, Debate, Debate chamber, Deliberative assembly, Democracy, Diet (assembly), Election, Electoral district, European Union, Executive (government), Executive agency, Federal Parliament of Somalia, Federation, Germany, Government, Government agency, House of Assembly, House of Representatives (Myanmar), Indirect election, Italian Parliament, Judiciary, Law, Legislative assembly, Legislative chamber, Legislative council, Legislator, List of legislatures by number of members, Lower house, Marginal seat, Massachusetts Governor's Council, Military, Motion of no confidence, National Assembly, National People's Congress, Oxford University Press, ..., Parliament, Parliamentary procedure, Parliamentary sovereignty, Parliamentary system, Political party, Politics, Polity, Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, Population, Power (social and political), Presidential system, Primary and secondary legislation, Quorum, Safe seat, SAGE Publications, Semi-presidential system, Separation of powers, Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Social norm, South Africa, Sovereign state, State Great Khural, Steven Fish, Tetracameralism, Transitional federal parliament, Republic of Somalia, Tricameralism, Unicameralism, Upper house, Vatican City, Voting. Expand index (30 more) » « Shrink index
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature.
A budget is a financial plan for a defined period of time, usually a year.It may also include planned sales volumes and revenues, resource quantities, costs and expenses, assets, liabilities and cash flows.
The Bundestag ("Federal Diet") is the German federal parliament.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.
A caucus is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A city is a large human settlement.
A committee (or "commission") is a body of one or more persons that is subordinate to a deliberative assembly.
A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations, constituent states, organizations (such as trade unions, and political parties), or groups.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
In mathematics, a cube root of a number x is a number y such that y3.
Debate is a process that involves formal discussion on a particular topic.
A debate chamber is a room for people to discuss and debate.
A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions.
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
In politics, a diet is a formal deliberative assembly.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
An executive agency is a part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate, to carry-out some part of the executive functions of the United Kingdom government, Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive.
The Federal Parliament of Somalia (Golaha Shacabka Soomaaliya; often Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya; البرلمان الاتحادي في الصومال; Il parlamento federale della Somalia) is the national parliament of Somalia.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency.
House of Assembly is a name given to the legislature or lower house of a bicameral parliament.
The House of Representatives (ပြည်သူ့ လွှတ်တော်, Pyithu Hluttaw) is the lower house of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, the bicameral legislature of Myanmar (Burma).
An indirect election is an election in which voters do not choose between candidates for an office, but elect people who then choose.
The Italian Parliament (Parlamento Italiano) is the national parliament of the Italian Republic.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Legislative assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its branch.
A legislative chamber or house is a deliberative assembly within a legislature which generally meets and votes separately from the legislature's other chambers.
A legislative council is the name given to the legislature, or one of the legislative chambers of a nation, colony, or subnational division such as a province or state; or, in the United States, a council within a legislature which supervises nonpartisan legislative support staff.
A legislator (or lawmaker) is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature.
This is a list of legislatures by size.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
A marginal seat or swing seat is a constituency held with a small majority in a legislative election, generally one conducted under a single-winner voting system.
The Massachusetts Governor's Council (also known as the Executive Council) is a governmental body that provides advice and consent in certain matterssuch as judicial nominations, pardons, and commutationsto the Governor of Massachusetts.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
A motion of no confidence (alternatively vote of no confidence, no-confidence motion, or (unsuccessful) confidence motion) is a statement or vote which states that a person(s) in a position of responsibility (government, managerial, etc.) is no longer deemed fit to hold that position, perhaps because they are inadequate in some respect, are failing to carry out obligations, or are making decisions that other members feel are detrimental.
National Assembly politically is either a legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries.
The National People's Congress (usually abbreviated NPC) is the national legislature of the People's Republic of China. With 2,980 members in 2018, it is the largest parliamentary body in the world. Under China's Constitution, the NPC is structured as a unicameral legislature, with the power to legislate, the power to oversee the operations of the government, and the power to elect the major officers of state. However, the NPC has been described as a "rubber stamp," having "never rejected a government proposal" in its history. The NPC is elected for a term of five years. It holds annual sessions every spring, usually lasting from 10 to 14 days, in the Great Hall of the People on the west side of Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The NPC's sessions are usually timed to occur with the meetings of the National Committee of the People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a consultative body whose members represent various social groups. As the NPC and the CPPCC are the main deliberative bodies of China, they are often referred to as the Lianghui (Two Assemblies). According to the NPC, its annual meetings provide an opportunity for the officers of state to review past policies and present future plans to the nation.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.
Parliamentary procedure is the body of rules, ethics and customs governing meetings and other operations of clubs, organizations, legislative bodies and other deliberative assemblies.
Parliamentary sovereignty (also called parliamentary supremacy or legislative supremacy) is a concept in the constitutional law of some parliamentary democracies.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
A polity is any kind of political entity.
The Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State (Italian: Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano, Latin: Pontificia Commissio pro Civitate Vaticana) is the legislative body of Vatican City.
In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
In parliamentary systems and presidential systems of government, primary legislation and secondary legislation, the latter also called delegated legislation or subordinate legislation, are two forms of law, created respectively by the legislative and executive branches of government.
A quorum is the minimum number of members of a deliberative assembly (a body that uses parliamentary procedure, such as a legislature) necessary to conduct the business of that group.
A safe seat is an electoral district (constituency) in a legislative body (e.g. Congress, Parliament, City Council) which is regarded as fully secure, for either a certain political party, or the incumbent representative personally or a combination of both.
SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.
A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible for the legislature of a state.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
The Seventeenth Amendment (Amendment XVII) to the United States Constitution established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
The State Great Khural (Улсын Их Хурал, Ulsyn Ikh Khural, also State Great Hural, and Ikh Khural; English: lit. State Great Assembly) is the unicameral parliament of Mongolia.
Michael Steven Fish (born August 3, 1962) is tenured political science professor at the University of California, Berkeley.
Tetracameralism (tetra-, four + camera, chamber) is the practice of having four legislative or parliamentary chambers.
The Transitional Federal Parliament of the Somali Republic (TFP) (Golaha Shacabka Federaalka Kumeelgaarka ee Jamhuuriyada Soomaaliya; often Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya) was the national parliament of Somalia from 2004 until 2012.
Tricameralism is the practice of having three legislative or parliamentary chambers.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
Voting is a method for a group, such as, a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion, usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.
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