231 relations: Absolute zero, Ada, Countess of Holland, Airbus, Albert Einstein, Albertus Willem Sijthoff, Amsterdam, Anabaptism, Ancient Rome, Archaism, Armin van Buuren, Arriva, B.S. Leiden, Baize, Banknote, Berne Convention, Bernhard Siegfried Albinus, Brill Publishers, Brittenburg, Broadcloth, Bubonic plague, Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, Burcht van Leiden, Burgemeester, Burgrave, Buurtpoes Bledder, Camlet, Canal, Canning, Capacitor, Carice van Houten, Carolus Clusius, Castellum, Castle, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Christophe Plantin, City gate, City rights in the Low Countries, Classicism, Constitution of the Netherlands, Convent, Cornelis Engebrechtsz., Count of Holland, Country, Cryogenics, Cryptogram, Dative case, Defensive wall, DJ Mag, Dutch language, ..., Dutch Revolt, Dyro, E. E. Cummings, Eighty Years' War, Elsevier, English language, Episcopal principality of Utrecht, Ethnography, Ethnology, Eurotransplant, Ewald Georg von Kleist, Explosion, Expressionism, Factor V Leiden, FIBA EuroChallenge, Flanders, Fortification, Franklin Park, Illinois, Frans Post, Gabriël Metsu, Gegard Mousasi, Gemeenlandshuis van Rijnland, Geography, Gerrit Dou, Gottfried van Swieten, Gouda, South Holland, Gunpowder, Gymnasium (school), Haarlem, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Heilige Lodewijkkerk, Helium, Hendrick van der Burgh, Hendrik Casimir, Hendrik Lorentz, Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, Herman Boerhaave, Holy Spirit Orphanage, Hooglandse Kerk, Hook and Cod wars, Hortus Botanicus Leiden, House of Elzevir, Jacob van Campen, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, Jan Elias Kikkert, Jan Oort, Jan Steen, Jan van Goyen, Johan Rudolph Thorbecke, Johann Bachstrom, Johannes Diderik van der Waals, John III, Duke of Bavaria, John of Leiden, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Jouke de Vries, Juigalpa, Chontales, Kagerplassen, Katwijk, Krefeld, Labour Party (Netherlands), Langston Hughes, Leiden Bio Science Park, Leiden Classical, Leiden International Film Festival, Leiden Observatory, Leiden scale, Leiden University, Leiden University Library, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiderdorp, Leidschendam-Voorburg, Leidse Hout, Levee, Leyden cheese, Leyden High School District 212, Leyden jar, Leyden, Massachusetts, Leyden, New York, Lieven de Key, Light rail, List of cities in the Netherlands by province, List of municipalities of the Netherlands, Lodewijk Elzevir, Louis Bonaparte, Love Brewster, Lucas van Leyden, Ludolph van Ceulen, Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde, Marekerk, Marinus van der Lubbe, Matilo, Münster rebellion, Motte-and-bailey castle, Municipal council (Netherlands), Museum De Lakenhal, Museum De Valk, Nagasaki, National Museum of Ethnology (Netherlands), Natural history, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Nøkkelost, Netherlands, New Amsterdam, New World, Nieuwe Kerk (Haarlem), Nina Foch, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Physics, Noordwijk, Noordwijkerhout, Nouvelles Extraordinaires de Divers Endroits, Oegstgeest, Organ donation, Oude Rijn (Utrecht and South Holland), Oudt Leyden, Oxford, Pancras of Rome, Paul Ehrenfest, Peter Blomevenna, Philipp Franz von Siebold, Pi, Pieter de Ring, Pieter Post, Pieter van Musschenbroek, Pieter Zeeman, Pieterskerk, Leiden, Pilgrims (Plymouth Colony), Plural, Postal codes in the Netherlands, Printer (publishing), Provinces of the Netherlands, Pulpit, Reformation, Reichstag fire, Rembrandt, Renaissance, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, RijnGouweLijn, Roman numerals, Saint Peter, SieboldHuis, Siege of Leiden, Singel, Sister city, South Holland, St. Joseph, Leiden, Statistics Netherlands, Stedelijk Gymnasium Leiden, Telephone numbers in the Netherlands, Teylingen, The Hague, The Jakarta Post, Theo van Doesburg, Toruń, University of Oxford, Vernacular, Voorschoten, Wall poems in Leiden, Waring Cuney, Wassenaar, Weaving, Weigh house, Weigh House (Leiden), Wharf, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Willebrord Snellius, Willem de Sitter, Willem Einthoven, William Bradford (Plymouth Colony governor), William Brewster (Mayflower passenger), William I, Count of Holland, William II of Holland, William II, Duke of Bavaria, William Shakespeare, William the Silent, Wireless Leiden, World War II, Wouter Bos, Zijlpoort (Leiden), Zoeterwoude, 3 October Festival. Expand index (181 more) » « Shrink index
Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reach their minimum value, taken as 0.
Ada (1188–1223) was Countess of Holland between 1203 and 1207.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Albertus Willem Sijthoff (June 30, 1829 – July 29, 1913) was a prominent Dutch publisher from Leiden, Netherlands.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "re-" and βαπτισμός "baptism", Täufer, earlier also WiedertäuferSince the middle of the 20th century, the German-speaking world no longer uses the term "Wiedertäufer" (translation: "Re-baptizers"), considering it biased. The term Täufer (translation: "Baptizers") is now used, which is considered more impartial. From the perspective of their persecutors, the "Baptizers" baptized for the second time those "who as infants had already been baptized". The denigrative term Anabaptist signifies rebaptizing and is considered a polemical term, so it has been dropped from use in modern German. However, in the English-speaking world, it is still used to distinguish the Baptizers more clearly from the Baptists, a Protestant sect that developed later in England. Cf. their self-designation as "Brethren in Christ" or "Church of God":.) is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
In language, an archaism (from the ἀρχαϊκός, archaïkós, 'old-fashioned, antiquated', ultimately ἀρχαῖος, archaîos, 'from the beginning, ancient') is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current or that is current only within a few special contexts.
Armin van Buuren OON (born 25 December 1976) is a Dutch DJ, record producer and remixer from South Holland.
Arriva is a multinational public transport company headquartered in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom.
Bona Stars Leiden, known for sponsorship reason as Zorg en Zekerheid Leiden or ZZ Leiden, is a basketball club based in Leiden, Netherlands that plays in the Dutch first division Dutch Basketball League (DBL).
Baize is a coarse woollen (or in cheaper variants cotton) cloth.
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright, which was first accepted in Berne, Switzerland, in 1886.
Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (originally Weiss) (24 February 16979 September 1770) was a German-born Dutch anatomist.
Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
The Brittenburg (Classical Latin: Batavorum Lugdunum) is a Roman ruin west of Leiden, presumedly of the even older Celtic Lugdunum fortress,, The Celts that was visible on the beach between Katwijk aan Zee and Noordwijk aan Zee after storms in the years of 1520, 1552 and 1562.
Broadcloth is a dense, plain woven cloth, historically made of wool.
Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Buffalo City is a metropolitan municipality situated on the east coast of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.
The Burcht van Leiden (Fort of Leiden) is an old shell keep in Leiden constructed in the 11th century.
In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.
Burgrave also rendered as Burggrave (from Burggraf, praefectus), was since the medieval period in Europe (mainly Germany) the official title for the ruler of a castle, especially a royal or episcopal castle, and its territory called a Burgraviate or Burgravate (German Burggrafschaft also Burggrafthum, Latin praefectura).
Buurtpoes Bledder (c. 2011 – August 7, 2013) was a male domestic cat who attracted national media attention in the Netherlands after becoming a regular fixture at various businesses in Leiden's central district.
Camlet, also commonly known as camelot or camblet, is a woven fabric that might have originally been made of camel or goat's hair, later chiefly of goat's hair and silk, or of wool and cotton.
Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.
Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.
A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores potential energy in an electric field.
Carice Anouk van Houten (born 5 September 1976) is a Dutch actress and singer.
Charles de l'Écluse, L'Escluse, or Carolus Clusius (Arras, February 19, 1526 – Leiden, April 4, 1609), seigneur de Watènes, was an Artois doctor and pioneering botanist, perhaps the most influential of all 16th-century scientific horticulturists.
A castellum in Latin is usually.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Christophe Plantin (Christoffel Plantijn; – 1 July 1589) was an influential Renaissance humanist and book printer and publisher.
A city gate is a gate which is, or was, set within a city wall.
City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.
Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for a classical period, classical antiquity in the Western tradition, as setting standards for taste which the classicists seek to emulate.
The Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) is one of two fundamental documents governing the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as the fundamental law of the European territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
A convent is either a community of priests, religious brothers, religious sisters, or nuns; or the building used by the community, particularly in the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion.
Cornelis Engebrechtsz., also known as Cornelis Engelbrechtsz. (c.1462–1527) was an early Dutch painter.
The Counts of Holland ruled over the County of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.
A cryptogram is a type of puzzle that consists of a short piece of encrypted text.
The dative case (abbreviated, or sometimes when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case used in some languages to indicate, among other uses, the noun to which something is given, as in "Maria Jacobī potum dedit", Latin for "Maria gave Jacob a drink".
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
DJ Magazine (also known as DJ Mag) is a British monthly magazine dedicated to electronic dance music and DJs.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.
Jordy van Egmond (born), professionally known by his stage name Dyro, is a Dutch DJ and EDM producer.
Edward Estlin "E.
The Eighty Years' War (Tachtigjarige Oorlog; Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against the political and religious hegemony of Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The Bishopric of Utrecht (1024–1528) was a civil principality of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, in present Netherlands, which was ruled by the bishops of Utrecht as princes of the Holy Roman Empire.
Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.
Ethnology (from the Greek ἔθνος, ethnos meaning "nation") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them (cf. cultural, social, or sociocultural anthropology).
The Eurotransplant International Foundation, commonly known simply as Eurotransplant, is an international non-profit organization responsible for encouraging and coordinating organ transplants in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and Slovenia.
Ewald Georg von Kleist (10 June 1700 – 11 December 1748) was a German jurist, Lutheran cleric, and physicist.
An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner, usually with the generation of high temperatures and the release of gases.
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
Factor V Leiden (rs6025) is a variant (mutated form) of human factor V (one of several substances that helps blood clot), which causes an increase in blood clotting (hypercoagulability).
FIBA EuroChallenge (called the FIBA Europe League in 2003–05, and FIBA EuroCup in 2005–08) was the 3rd tier level transnational men's professional club basketball competition in Europe, from 2003 to 2015.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
Franklin Park is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
Frans Janszoon Post (17 November 1612 – 17 February 1680) was a painter during the Dutch Golden Age.
Gabriël Metsu (1629–1667) was a Dutch painter of history paintings, still lifes, portraits, and genre works.
Gegard Mousasi (born 1 August 1985), is a Dutch mixed martial artist and former kickboxer currently competing in Bellator MMA where he is the reigning Bellator Middleweight Champion.
The Gemeenlandshuis van Rijnland on the Breestraat in Leiden is the oldest Gemeenlandshuis of the Netherlands that kept its function until the current century.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
Gerrit Dou (7 April 1613 – 9 February 1675), also known as Gerard and Douw or Dow, was a Dutch Golden Age painter, whose small, highly polished paintings are typical of the Leiden fijnschilders.
Gottfried, Freiherr van Swieten (October 29, 1733 – March 29, 1803) was a Dutch-born Austrian diplomat, librarian, and government official who served the Austrian Empire during the 18th century.
Gouda is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands with a population of 72,338.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.
Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.
Professor Heike Kamerlingh Onnes FRSFor HFRSE FCS (21 September 1853 – 21 February 1926) was a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate.
The Heilige Lodewijkkerk, also called the St.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
Hendrick van der Burgh (1627 – after 1664), was a Dutch Golden Age genre painter.
Hendrik Brugt Gerhard Casimir ForMemRS (July 15, 1909 – May 4, 2000) was a Dutch physicist best known for his research on the two-fluid model of superconductors (together with C. J. Gorter) in 1934 and the Casimir effect (together with D. Polder) in 1948.
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (18 July 1853 – 4 February 1928) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect.
Henry III (28 October 1016 – 5 October 1056), called the Black or the Pious, was a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors.
Herman Boerhaave (31 December 1668 – 23 September 1738)Underwood, E. Ashworth.
The Holy Spirit Orphanage (Dutch: Heilige Geest- of Arme Wees- en Kinderhuis) was an orphanage in the city of Leiden in the Netherlands.
Hooglandse Kerk is a Gothic church in Leiden dating from the fifteenth century.
The Hook and Cod wars (Hoekse en Kabeljauwse twisten) comprise a series of wars and battles in the County of Holland between 1350 and 1490.
The Hortus botanicus of Leiden is the oldest botanical garden of the Netherlands, and one of the oldest in the world.
Elzevir is the name of a celebrated family of Dutch booksellers, publishers, and printers of the 17th and early 18th centuries.
Jacob van Campen (2 February 1596 – 13 September 1657), was a Dutch artist and architect of the Golden Age.
Jacqueline (Jacoba van Beieren; Jacqueline de Bavière; 15 July 1401 – 8 October 1436), was a Duchess of Bavaria-Straubing, Countess of Holland and Zeeland and Countess of Hainaut from 1417 to 1433.
Jan Elias Kikkert (24 June 1843, Amsterdam - 11 April 1925, Leiden) was a Dutch lithographer and watercolorist, best known for his street scenes of Leiden.
Jan Hendrik Oort (or; 28 April 1900 – 5 November 1992) was a Dutch astronomer who made significant contributions to the understanding of the Milky Way and who was a pioneer in the field of radio astronomy.
Jan Havickszoon Steen (c. 1626 – buried 3 February 1679) was a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century (also known as the Dutch Golden Age).
Jan Josephszoon van Goyen (13 January 1596 – 27 April 1656) was a Dutch landscape painter.
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke (14 January 1798 – 4 June 1872) was a Dutch statesman of a liberal bent, one of the most important Dutch politicians of the 19th century.
Jan Fryderyk or Johann Friedrich Bachstrom (24 December 1688, near Rawitsch, now Rawicz, Poland - June 1742, Nieswiez, now Nyasvizh, Belarus) was a writer, scientist and Lutheran theologian who spent the last decade of his life in Leiden.
Johannes Diderik van der Waals (23 November 1837 – 8 March 1923) was a Dutch theoretical physicist and thermodynamicist famous for his work on an equation of state for gases and liquids.
John III the Pitiless, Duke of Bavaria-Straubing (1374–1425), of the House of Wittelsbach, was first bishop of Liège 1389–1418 and then duke of Bavaria-Straubing and count of Holland and Hainaut 1418–1425.
John of Leiden (Jan van Leiden; also Jan Beukelsz, Jan Beukelszoon, John Bockold, John Bockelson; February 2, 1509January 22, 1536), was an Anabaptist leader from Leiden, in the Holy Roman Empire's County of Holland.
Joseph Justus Scaliger (5 August 1540 – 21 January 1609) was a French religious leader and scholar, known for expanding the notion of classical history from Greek and ancient Roman history to include Persian, Babylonian, Jewish and ancient Egyptian history.
Professor Jouke de Vries (born 26 September 1960, Dearsum) is Dean of the University of Groningen/Campus Fryslân in Leeuwarden.
Juigalpa is the capital city of the Chontales Department of Nicaragua.
The Kagerplassen (a Dutch term meaning "the Kaag Lakes") is a small lake system in South Holland located to the northeast of Leiden.
Katwijk is a coastal municipality and town in the province of South Holland, which is situated in the mid-western part of the Netherlands.
Krefeld, also known as Crefeld until 1929, is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid,, abbreviated as PvdA, or P van de A) is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.
James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri.
The Leiden Bio Science park (LBSP) ranks in the top five of the most successful science parks in Europe.
Leiden Classical was a distributed computing project run by the Theoretical Chemistry Department of the Leiden Institute of Chemistry at Leiden University.
Founded in 2006, the Leiden International Film Festival (LIFF) has become one of the leading film festivals in the Netherlands showcasing feature films that examine the border between art-house and mainstream from all over the world.
Leiden Observatory (Sterrewacht Leiden in Dutch) is an astronomical observatory in the city of Leiden, the Netherlands.
The Leiden scale (°L) was used to calibrate low-temperature indirect measurements in the early twentieth century, by providing conventional values (in kelvins, then termed "degrees Kelvin") of helium vapour pressure.
Leiden University (abbreviated as LEI; Universiteit Leiden), founded in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands.
Leiden University Library is a library founded in 1575 in Leiden, Netherlands.
Leiden University Medical Center (Dutch: Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum) or LUMC is the university hospital affiliated with Leiden University, of which it forms the medical faculty.
Leiderdorp is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland near the city of Leiden.
Leidschendam-Voorburg is a municipality in the western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.
The Leidse Hout (English: Leiden Woods) is a public urban park in Leiden, Netherlands.
Leyden, from Leidse kaas, is a semi-hard, cumin and caraway seed flavoured cheese made in the Netherlands from cow's milk.
The Leyden High School District 212, named after Leiden, operates two high schools (9-12) in Cook County, Illinois, USA.
A Leyden jar (or Leiden jar) stores a high-voltage electric charge (from an external source) between electrical conductors on the inside and outside of a glass jar.
Leyden is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States.
Leyden is a town in Lewis County, New York, United States.
Lieven de Key (1560 — 17 July 1627) was a famous Dutch renaissance architect in the Netherlands, mostly known today for his works in Haarlem.
Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
Below are twelve alphabetical lists of cities in the Netherlands ordered by province.
As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.
Lodewijk Elzevir (c. 1540, Leuven – 4 February 1617, Leiden), originally Lodewijk or Louis Elsevier or Elzevier, was a printer, born in the city of Leuven (today in Belgium, then part of the Habsburg Netherlands or Spanish Netherlands).
Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (born Luigi Buonaparte; 2 September 1778 – 25 July 1846) was a younger brother of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French.
Elder Love Brewster (born ca. 1611) was an early American settler, the son of Elder William Brewster and his wife, Mary Brewster.
Lucas van Leyden (1494 – 8 August 1533), also named either Lucas Hugensz or Lucas Jacobsz, was a Dutch engraver and painter.
Ludolph van Ceulen (28 January 1540 – 31 December 1610) was a German-Dutch mathematician from Hildesheim.
The Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde (English "Society of Dutch Literature", often abbreviated MNL) is a prestigious and exclusive literary society.
The Marekerk is a Protestant church in Leiden, located at the Lange Mare and the Oude Vest canal.
Marinus (Rinus) van der Lubbe (13 January 1909 – 10 January 1934) was a Dutch council communist tried, convicted and executed for setting fire to the German Reichstag building on 27 February 1933, an event known as the Reichstag fire.
Matilo or Matilone was once a Roman fort (castellum) in modern-day Leiden.
The Münster rebellion was an attempt by radical Anabaptists to establish a communal sectarian government in the German city of Münster.
A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.
In the Netherlands the municipal council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.
Museum De Lakenhal is a city museum of history and fine art in Leiden, Netherlands.
De Valk is a tower mill and museum in Leiden, Netherlands.
() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
The National Museum of Ethnology is a museum about ethnology in the Netherlands is located in the university city of Leiden.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
Naturalis Biodiversity Center (Nederlands Centrum voor Biodiversiteit Naturalis) is a national museum of natural history and a research center on biodiversity in Leiden, Netherlands.
Nøkkelost (Norwegian: "key cheese"), also seen in Swedish as Nökkelost and sometimes called kuminost (cumin cheese), is a Norwegian cheese flavored with cumin and cloves.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam, or) was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
The Nieuwe Kerk is a historical Protestant Reformed church dating from the 17th century on the Nieuwe Kerksplein in Haarlem, Netherlands.
Nina Foch (born Nina Consuelo Maud Fock; April 20, 1924 – December 5, 2008) was a Dutch American actress.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
Noordwijk is a town and municipality in the west of the Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
Noordwijkerhout is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
Nouvelles Extraordinaires de Divers Endroits (English: "Extraordinary News from Various Places") or Gazette de Leyde (Gazette of Leiden) was the most important newspaper of record of the international European newspapers of the late 17th to the late 18th century.
Oegstgeest is a town and municipality in the province of South Holland in the western Netherlands.
Organ donation is when a person allows an organ of theirs to be removed, legally, either by consent while the donor is alive or after death with the assent of the next of kin.
The Oude Rijn (Old Rhine) is a branch of the Rhine delta in the Dutch provinces of Utrecht and South Holland.
Oudt Leyden is a restaurant in Leiden in the Netherlands.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Saint Pancras (Latin: Sanctus Pancratius) was a Roman citizen who converted to Christianity, and was beheaded for his faith at the age of fourteen, around the year 304.
Paul Ehrenfest (18 January 1880 – 25 September 1933) was an Austrian and Dutch theoretical physicist, who made major contributions to the field of statistical mechanics and its relations with quantum mechanics, including the theory of phase transition and the Ehrenfest theorem.
Peter Blomevenna or Blommeveen (born 29 March 1466 in Leiden; died 14 August 1536 in Cologne) was a Carthusian author and prior of Cologne Charterhouse from 1507 to 1536.
Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold (17 February 1796 – 18 October 1866) was a German physician, botanist, and traveler.
The number is a mathematical constant.
Pieter de Ring, or Ryng (1615/1620 – 22 September 1660) was a Dutch Golden Age painter of still lifes.
Pieter Post in 1651. Portrait by Pieter Nolpe, detail of a larger work Pieter Jansz Post (1 May 1608 – buried 8 May 1669) was a Dutch Golden Age architect, painter and printmaker.
Pieter van Musschenbroek (14 March 1692 – 19 September 1761) was a Dutch scientist.
Pieter Zeeman (25 May 1865 – 9 October 1943) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Hendrik Lorentz for his discovery of the Zeeman effect.
The Pieterskerk is a late-Gothic church in Leiden dedicated to Saint Peter.
The Pilgrims or Pilgrim Fathers were early European settlers of the Plymouth Colony in present-day Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States.
The plural (sometimes abbreviated), in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number.
Postal codes in the Netherlands, known as postcodes, are alphanumeric, consisting of four digits followed by two uppercase letters.
In publishing, printers are both companies providing printing services and individuals who directly operate printing presses.
There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.
Pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
The Reichstag fire (Reichstagsbrand) was an arson attack on the Reichstag building (home of the German parliament) in Berlin on 27 February 1933, just one month after Adolf Hitler had been sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (English: National Museum of Antiquities) is the national archaeological museum of the Netherlands.
The RijnGouweLijn (Gouwe Line), or RGL, was a proposed light rail project in South Holland, Netherlands, that used some new tracks and some existing tracks from the Gouda–Alphen aan den Rijn railway and the Woerden–Leiden railway.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
Saint Peter (Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa; שמעון בר יונה; Petros; Petros; Petrus; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Great Church.
Japan Museum SieboldHuis (Siebold House) is a museum located at the in Leiden, Netherlands.
The Siege of Leiden occurred during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War in 1573 and 1574, when the Spanish under Francisco de Valdez attempted to capture the rebellious city of Leiden, South Holland, the Netherlands.
The Singel is a canal in Amsterdam which encircled the city in the Middle Ages.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
South Holland (Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about, making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas.
Statistics Netherlands, founded in 1899, is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands.
Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.
Teylingen is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
The Jakarta Post is a daily English language newspaper in Indonesia.
Theo van Doesburg (30 August 1883 – 7 March 1931) was a Dutch artist, who practiced painting, writing, poetry and architecture.
Toruń (Thorn) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Voorschoten (population: in) is a village and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
Wall Poems (Muurgedichten, alternatively Gedichten op muren or Dicht op de Muur) is a project in which more than 110 poems in many different languages were painted on the exterior walls of buildings in the city of Leiden, The Netherlands.
William Waring Cuney (May 6, 1906 – June 30, 1976) was a poet of the Harlem Renaissance.
Wassenaar (population: in) is a municipality and town located in the province of South Holland, on the western coast of the Netherlands.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
A weigh house or weighing house is a public building at or within which goods are weighed.
The Leiden Weigh House (De Waag in Dutch) is a Rijksmonument located on Aalmarkt street (nr. 21).
A wharf, quay (also), staith or staithe is a structure on the shore of a harbor or on the bank of a river or canal where ships may dock to load and unload cargo or passengers.
Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria; 31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948.
Willebrord Snellius (born Willebrord Snel van Royen) (13 June 158030 October 1626) was a Dutch astronomer and mathematician, known in the English-speaking world as Snell.
Willem de Sitter (6 May 1872 – 20 November 1934) was a Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer.
Willem Einthoven (21 May 1860 – 29 September 1927) was a Dutch doctor and physiologist.
William Bradford (19 March 1590May 9, 1657) was an English Separatist originally from the West Riding of Yorkshire.
William Brewster (1566 – 10 April 1644) was an English official and Mayflower passenger in 1620.
William I (c. 1167 – 4 February 1222), Count of Holland from 1203 to 1222.
William II (February 1227 – 28 January 1256) was a Count of Holland and Zeeland from 1234 until his death.
Duke William II of Bavaria-Straubing KG (5 April 1365—31 May 1417) was also count William IV of Holland, count William VI of Hainaut and count William V of Zeeland.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
William I, Prince of Orange (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also widely known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581.
Wireless Leiden is a wireless community network in Leiden, Netherlands.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wouter Jacob Bos ((born 14 July 1963) is a retired Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA). He served as a Member of the House of Representatives from 19 May 1998 until 24 March 2000, when he became State Secretary for Finance in the Cabinet Kok II following the resignation of Willem Vermeend who became Minister of Social Affairs and Employment. He returned to the House of Representatives on 23 May 2002, following the Dutch general election of 2002. The Labour Party suffered a landslide defeat in the election losing 23 seats, then Party leader Ad Melkert was blamed for the defeat and resigned. Bos announced his candidacy for the Labour Party leadership election and won by a landslide with 60% of the votes. Bos became the Labour Party party leader on 19 November 2002 and the Parliamentary leader of Labour Party in the House of Representatives on 19 November 2002 and became the lijsttrekker for the Dutch general election of 2003. The Labour Party was the largest winner of the election, gaining 19 seats (from 23 to 42) and became the second largest party in the House of Representatives. After a failed cabinet formation a new cabinet was formed without the Labour Party. Bos served as opposition leader during the parliamentary period of the Cabinets Balkenende II and III. For the Dutch general election of 2006 Bos again as lijsttrekker lost 9 seats but the Labour Party remained the second largest party with 33 seats. The following cabinet formation resulted in a coalition agreement which formed the Cabinet Balkenende IV, comprising the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), Labour Party (PvdA) and the ChristianUnion (CU). Bos became Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister, the cabinet took office on 22 February 2007. The cabinet fell on 20 February 2010 as the result of disagreement between CDA and Labour Party over the extension of ISAF mission in Afghanistan. Bos resigned his position as Party leader to spend more time with his family and retired from active politics. Since his retirement from politics, Bos became a partner at the professional services firm KPMG and is also a consultant for the financial sector. On 21 June 2013 Bos was appointed as chairman of the board of directors of VU University Medical Center.
Zijlpoort is a city gate in Leiden, The Netherlands.
Zoeterwoude is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
The 3 October Festival (Dutch: 3 Oktober Feest or simply 3 Oktober) is a festival in Leiden, Netherlands, held annually on that date (or on 4 October if it falls on a Sunday) since 1886.
Bijleveltshof, Botermarkt leiden, History of Leiden, Leiden, Germany, Leiden, Netherlands, Leyde, Leyden, Leyden, Holland, Leyden, Netherlands, Lugduni Batavorum, Molen de stier, Saint Peter’s Church in Leiden., UN/LOCODE:NLLID.