429 relations: A cappella, Addis Ababa, Adolf Endler, Alfred-Kunze-Sportpark, Altenburg, Amarcord (ensemble), Amazon (company), Angela Merkel, Annemarie Renger, Arena Leipzig, Arthur Nikisch, Artificial whitewater, Aryanization (Nazism), Association football, Auerbachs Keller, Augsburg, Augsburg Eiskanal, August Bebel, Augusteum (Leipzig), Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, Augustusplatz, Auschwitz concentration camp, Austria, Auto show, Autobahn, Bach Archive, Bach family, Bachfest Leipzig, Baroque architecture, Battle of Breitenfeld (1631), Battle of Breitenfeld (1642), Battle of Leipzig, Beirut (band), Berenberg Bank, Berlin, Berlin Hauptbahnhof, Berliner Zeitung, Bicycle-friendly, Birmingham, Blüthner, BMW, BMW Central Building, Bologna, Borsdorf, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brandenburg, Brandis, Germany, Brühl (Leipzig), Breitenfeld, Leipzig, Brno, ..., Bruno Apitz, Bruno-Plache-Stadion, Brussels Airport, BSG Chemie Leipzig (1997), Buchenwald concentration camp, Bundesautobahn 14, Bundesautobahn 38, Bundesautobahn 9, Bundesliga, Burkhard Jung, Bus, Cantor (Christianity), Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, Carl Gustav Carus, Carl Maria von Weber, Carl Reinecke, Carpzov, Central Europe, Chamber music, Chemnitz, Christian Gottfried Körner, Christian Hermann Weisse, City-Hochhaus Leipzig, Clara Schumann, Comecon, Communist Party of Germany, Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference, Conne Island, Cospudener See, Cotton mill, Crane (rail), Crayfish, Czech Republic, Delitzsch, Dessau, Deutsche Telekom, Deutscher Wetterdienst, DHL Express, Die drei Pintos, Die Zeit, Dok Leipzig, Dramaturgy, Dresden, Drumlin, East Germany, Eastern Europe, EHF Champions League, Elba, Elbe, Elfriede Rinkel, Elster-Saale Canal, English language, Erfurt, Erich Kästner, Erich Loest, Ernst Bloch, Ethiopia, Euro, European Energy Exchange, Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (Germany), FC Sachsen Leipzig, Federal Administrative Court (Germany), Felix Mendelssohn, Fencing, Ferdinand Lassalle, First French Empire, Frankfurt, Frauen-Regionalliga, Fraunhofer Society, Fred Wander, Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Schiller, Future Electronics, Gemeinde, General German Workers' Association, Georgius Agricola, Gera, German Football Association, German Institute for Literature, German language, German Museum of Books and Writing, German National Library, German reunification, Germany, Gewandhaus, GfK, Global city, Goethe's Faust, Gose, Goslar, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Grassi Museum, Gründerzeit, Großpösna, Groningen, Gulag Orkestar, Gustav Fechner, Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Gustav Mahler, Halle (Saale), Hamburg State Opera, Handball Club Leipzig, Handball-Bundesliga, Handelsblatt, Hanns Eisler, Hanover, Hans Mayer, Hans Meyer (geologist), HASAG, Haus Auensee, Heike Hennig, Heinrich Himmler, Heinz Czechowski, Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Herbert Blomstedt, Herzliya, HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management, High school clubs and organizations, Historic roads, Historicism (art), History of the Jews in Leipzig, History of the Jews in Poland, Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire, Houston, Ice hockey, Institute of Contemporary History (Munich), Inter Leipzig, Intercity-Express, International Johann Sebastian Bach Competition, Israel, Jena, Jesewitz, Jews, Johann Christian Bach, Johann Eck, Johann Friedrich Mayer (theologian), Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Sigismund Scholze, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Karl Eberhard Schöngarth, Karl Liebknecht, Karl Wittgenstein, Kassel, Köppen climate classification, Kiev, Kitzen, Kraków, Kristallnacht, Kristin Otto, Kristjan Järvi, Kurt Masur, La Fenice, Landesbank Baden-Württemberg, Landesliga, Larger urban zone, Latin, Latvia, Leipzig Bay, Leipzig Bayerischer Bahnhof, Leipzig Book Fair, Leipzig Botanical Garden, Leipzig City Tunnel, Leipzig Debate, Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, Leipzig Hauptbahnhof, Leipzig Human Rights Award, Leipzig Museum of Applied Arts, Leipzig Museum of Ethnography, Leipzig Opera, Leipzig Panometer, Leipzig Riverside Forest, Leipzig Synagogue, Leipzig Trade Fair, Leipzig University, Leipzig University Library, Leipzig University of Applied Sciences, Leipzig Wilhelm-Leuschner-Platz railway station, Leipzig Zoological Garden, Leipzig/Halle Airport, Leipzig–Altenburg Airport, Leipziger Allerlei, Leipziger Baumwollspinnerei, Leipziger Lerche, Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe, Liepāja, Line of contact, Lipetsk, List of cities in Germany by population, List of Labour parties, List of mayors of Leipzig, List of tallest buildings in Germany, Live in Leipzig, Louise Otto-Peters, Lyon, Margrave, Markkleeberg, Markkleeberger See, Markranstädt, Martin Broszat, Martin Luther, Mathematician, Matthias Weischer, Max Beckmann, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Max Planck Society, Mayhem (band), Mayor, München Hauptbahnhof, MDR Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra, Middle Ages, Mill race, Mining, Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk, Monastery, Monday demonstrations in East Germany, Monument to the Battle of the Nations, Moorish Revival architecture, Moraine, Moritzbastei, Most livable cities in the world, Munich, Museum der bildenden Künste, Museum of Antiquities of Leipzig University, Museum of Musical Instruments of Leipzig University, Music school, Musical composition, Nanjing, Napoleon, Natural History Museum, Leipzig, Naunhof, Nazi Germany, Nazism, Neo Rauch, Neuseenland, New Leipzig School, New Town Hall (Leipzig), Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Literature, NOFV-Oberliga Süd, North European Plain, North German Plain, Nuremberg Laws, Oceanic climate, Ode to Joy, Open-pit mining, Orchestra, Otto II, Margrave of Meissen, Parthe, Paul Frölich, Paulinerkirche, Leipzig, Paulinum (University of Leipzig), Pentecost, Philosopher, Plattenbau, Pleiße, Poland, Porsche, Prayer, Primate, Propsteikirche, Leipzig, Prussia, Prussian state railways, Psychophysics, Publishing, Rackwitz, Rail transport, Ralph Giordano, Rammstein, Rate of natural increase, RB Leipzig, Reclam, Red Army, Red Bull, Red Bull Arena (Leipzig), Regionalliga Nordost, Reichsgericht, Renaissance architecture, René Müller, Revolutions of 1989, Riccardo Chailly, Richard Wagner, Riparian forest, Rita Wilden, Robert Schumann, Rosa Luxemburg, Royal Air Force, Royal Saxon State Railways, Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg, Ruth Fischer, Ruth Pfau, Ryanair, S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland, S-train, Saale, Sarah Kirsch, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Südfriedhof (Leipzig), SC DHfK Leipzig, Schkeuditz, Shopping mall, Shortcrust pastry, Siemens, Simone Thomalla, Sister city, Slavic languages, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Sour beer, Sparkasse Leipzig, Spreadshirt, St. Nicholas Church, Leipzig, St. Peter, Leipzig, St. Thomas Church, Leipzig, St. Thomas School, Leipzig, Startup company, Stasi, States of Germany, Suburbanization, Suhrkamp Verlag, Switzerland, Symphony No. 1 (Mahler), Taucha, The Economist, The Holocaust, The New York Times, Theodor Mommsen, Theresienstadt concentration camp, Thessaloniki, Thietmar of Merseburg, Thirty Years' War, Thomanerchor, Thuringia, Tilia, Till Lindemann, Train station, Tram, Trams in Leipzig, Travnik, UBI Theatre Leipzig, Ukraine, Unfree labour, University of Music and Theatre Leipzig, Via Imperii, Via Regia, VNG – Verbundnetz Gas, Volkssturm, Walter Ulbricht, Wave-Gotik-Treffen, Weimar, Werner Heisenberg, Werner Neumann, Werner Tübke, White Elster, Wilhelm Backhaus, Wilhelm Ostwald, Wilhelm Souchon, Wilhelm Wundt, Women's EHF Champions League, World War II, Zeitgeschichtliches Forum Leipzig, Zionism, Zwenkau, Zwickau, 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig, 1965–66 Intertoto Cup, 1973–74 UEFA Cup, 1986–87 European Cup Winners' Cup, 2. Handball-Bundesliga, 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2015–16 2. Bundesliga, 2nd Infantry Division (United States), 69th Infantry Division (United States). Expand index (379 more) » « Shrink index
A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.
Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ,, "new flower"; or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Finfinne "natural spring") is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia.
Adolf Endler (20 September 1930 – 2 August 2009) was a lyric poet, essayist and prose author who played a central role in subcultural activities that attacked and challenged an outdated model of socialist realism in the German Democratic Republic up until the collapse of communism in the early 1990s.
Alfred-Kunze-Sportpark is a multi-use stadium in Leipzig, Germany.
Altenburg is a city in Thuringia, Germany, located south of Leipzig, west of Dresden and east of Erfurt.
amarcord is a German male classical vocal ensemble based in Leipzig, founded in 1992 by five former members of the Thomanerchor.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
Annemarie Renger (née Wildung), (7 October 1919 in Leipzig – 3 March 2008 in Remagen-Oberwinter), was a German politician for the "Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands" (Social Democratic Party of Germany – SPD).
The Arena Leipzig is a multipurpose indoor arena located in Leipzig, Germany.
Arthur Nikisch (12 October 185523 January 1922) was a Hungarian conductor who performed internationally, holding posts in Boston, London, Leipzig and—most importantly—Berlin.
An artificial whitewater course (AWWC) is a site for whitewater canoeing, whitewater kayaking, whitewater racing, whitewater rafting, playboating and slalom canoeing with artificially generated rapids.
Aryanization (Arisierung) is a term coined during Nazism referring to the forced expulsion of so-called "non-Aryans", mainly Jews, from business life in Nazi Germany and the territories it controlled.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Auerbachs Keller (Auerbach's Cellar in English) is the best known and second oldest restaurant in Leipzig, Germany.
Augsburg (Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
The Augsburg Eiskanal is an artificial whitewater river in Augsburg, Germany, constructed as the canoe slalom venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics in nearby Munich.
Ferdinand August Bebel (22 February 1840 – 13 August 1913) was a German socialist politician, writer, and orator.
The Augusteum was a building on the Augustusplatz in Leipzig, Germany, to the left of the Paulinerkirche.
Augustus Quirinus Rivinus (9 December 1652 – 20 December 1723), also known as August Bachmann or A. Q. Bachmann, was a German physician and botanist who helped to develop better ways of classifying plants.
The Augustusplatz is a square located at the east end of the city centre of Leipzig.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
An auto show, also known as a motor show or car show, is a public exhibition of current automobile models, debuts, concept cars, or out-of-production classics.
The Autobahn (plural) is the federal controlled-access highway system in Germany.
The Bach-Archiv Leipzig or Bach-Archiv is an institution for the documentation and research of the life and work of Johann Sebastian Bach.
The Bach family was of importance in the history of music for nearly two hundred years, with over 50 known musicians and several notable composers, the best-known of whom was Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750).
The Bachfest Leipzig (Leipzig Bach Festival) is a music festival which takes place annually, in the month of July, in the city of Leipzig, where J. S. Bach worked as the Thomaskantor from 1723 until his death in 1750.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
The Battle of Breitenfeld (Schlacht bei Breitenfeld; Slaget vid Breitenfeld) or First Battle of Breitenfeld (in older texts sometimes known as Battle of Leipzig), was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately five miles north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on September 17 (Gregorian calendar), or September 7 (Julian calendar, in wide use at the time), 1631.
The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig, took place on 23 October 1642 at Breitenfeld, some north-east of Leipzig, Germany, during the Thirty Years' War.
The Battle of Leipzig or Battle of the Nations (Битва народов, Bitva narodov; Völkerschlacht bei Leipzig; Bataille des Nations, Slaget vid Leipzig) was fought from 16 to 19 October 1813, at Leipzig, Saxony.
Beirut is an American band which was originally the solo musical project of Santa Fe native Zach Condon.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Berlin Hauptbahnhof (English: Berlin Central Station) is the main railway station in Berlin, Germany.
The Berliner Zeitung (Berlin Newspaper) is a German daily newspaper based in Berlin, Germany.
Bicycle-friendly policies and practices help some people feel more comfortable about traveling by bicycle with other traffic.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Julius Blüthner Pianofortefabrik GmbH, is a piano-manufacturing company in Leipzig Germany.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW Central Building Located in Leipzig, Germany was the winning design submitted for competition by Pritzker Prize winning architect, Zaha Hadid.
Bologna (Bulåggna; Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.
Borsdorf is a municipality in the Leipzig district in Saxony, Germany.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Brandenburg (Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany.
Brandis is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The is a street in Leipzig, Germany, just within the former city wall.
The village of Breitenfeld belongs to the city of Leipzig.
Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.
Bruno Apitz (28 April 1900 – 7 April 1979) was a German writer and a survivor of the Buchenwald concentration camp.
Bruno-Plache-Stadion is a multi-use stadium in Leipzig, Germany.
Brussels Airport (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
BSG Chemie Leipzig is a German football club from the Leutzsch district of Leipzig, Saxony.
Buchenwald concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Buchenwald,; literally, in English: beech forest) was a German Nazi concentration camp established on Ettersberg hill near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil, following Dachau's opening just over four years earlier.
is an autobahn in eastern Germany.
is an autobahn in Germany.
is an autobahn in Germany, connecting Berlin and Munich via Leipzig and Nuremberg.
The Bundesliga (lit. "Federal League", sometimes referred to as the Fußball-Bundesliga or 1. Bundesliga) is a professional association football league in Germany and the football league with the highest average stadium attendance worldwide.
Burkhard Jung (born 7 March 1958 in Siegen) is a German politician, representative of the Social Democratic Party.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
In Christianity, the cantor, sometimes called the precentor or the protopsaltes (from) is the chief singer, and usually instructor, employed at a church, a cathedral or monastery with responsibilities for the ecclesiastical choir and the preparation of liturgy.
Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (31 July 1884 – 2 February 1945) was a monarchist conservative German politician, executive, economist, civil servant, and opponent of the Nazi regime.
Carl Gustav Carus (3 January 1789 – 28 July 1869) was a German physiologist and painter, born in Leipzig, who played various roles during the Romantic era.
Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, and was one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.
Carl Reinecke (23 June 182410 March 1910) was a German composer, conductor, and pianist.
Carpzov is the name of a family, many of whose members attained distinction in Saxony in the 17th and 18th centuries as jurists, theologians and statesmen.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
Chemnitz, known from 1953 to 1990 as Karl-Marx-Stadt, is the third-largest city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Christian Gottfried Körner (2 July 1756, Leipzig – 13 May 1831, Berlin) was a German jurist.
Christian Hermann Weisse (Weiße in modern German; 10 August 1801 – 19 September 1866) was a German Protestant religious philosopher and professor of philosophy at the University of Leipzig.
City-Hochhaus is 36-storey skyscraper in Leipzig, Germany.
Clara Schumann (née Clara Josephine Wieck; 13 September 1819 – 20 May 1896) was a German musician and composer, considered one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era.
The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (English abbreviation COMECON, CMEA, or CAME) was an economic organization from 1949 to 1991 under the leadership of the Soviet Union that comprised the countries of the Eastern Bloc along with a number of communist states elsewhere in the world.
The Communist Party of Germany (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956.
The Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference (CELC) is an international conference of Confessional Lutheran national churches.
Conne Island is a music venue and cultural centre in Leipzig in the district Connewitz.
The Cospudener See (sometimes translated as Lake Cospuden) is a lake situated south of Leipzig.
A cotton mill is a factory housing powered spinning or weaving machinery for the production of yarn or cloth from cotton, an important product during the Industrial Revolution when the early mills were important in the development of the factory system.
A railroad crane (North America: crane car or wrecker; UK: breakdown crane) is a type of crane used on a railroad for one of three primary purposes: freight handling in goods yards, permanent way (PW) maintenance, and accident recovery work.
Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Delitzsch (Slavic: delč or delčz for hill) is a town in the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Dessau is a town and former municipality in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt.
Deutsche Telekom AG (short form in writing only: DT) is a German telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn and by revenue the largest telecommunications provider in Europe.
The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes.
DHL Express is a division of the German logistics company Deutsche Post DHL providing international courier, parcel, and express mail services.
(The Three Pintos) is a comic opera of which Carl Maria von Weber began composing the music, working on a libretto by Theodor Hell.
Die Zeit (literally "The Time") is a German national weekly newspaper published in Hamburg in north Germany.
DOK Leipzig is one of the oldest documentary festivals of the world that takes place every year in Leipzig, Germany.
The word Dramaturgy, is from the greek δραματουργέιν 'to write a drama'.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
A drumlin, from the Irish word droimnín ("littlest ridge"), first recorded in 1833, and in the classical sense is an elongated hill in the shape of an inverted spoon or half-buried egg formed by glacial ice acting on underlying unconsolidated till or ground moraine.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
The EHF Champions League is the most important handball club competition for men's teams in Europe and involves the leading teams from the top European nations.
Elba (isola d'Elba,; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
Elfriede Lina Rinkel (née Huth, born 14 July 1922, Leipzig, Germany) was a Nazi guard at the Ravensbrück concentration camp from June 1944 until April 1945 handling an SS-trained guard dog.
The Elster-Saale Canal (Elster-Saale-Kanal), renamed in 1999 by the Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration as the Saale-Leipzig Canal (Saale-Leipzig-Kanal) or SLK, Wasser- und Schifffahrtsverwaltung des Bundes and on the Halle side also called the Saale-Elster Canal, was a canal project, started in 1933 and aborted in 1943, that was intended to link the White Elster river with the Saale near Leuna and thus enable the city of Leipzig to be joined to Germany's inland waterway network.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany.
Emil Erich Kästner (23 February 1899 – 29 July 1974) was a German author, poet, screenwriter and satirist, known primarily for his humorous, socially astute poems and for children's books including Emil and the Detectives.
Erich Loest (24 February 1926 – 12 September 2013) was a German writer born in Mittweida, Saxony.
Ernst Bloch (July 8, 1885 – August 4, 1977) was a German Marxist philosopher.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
European Energy Exchange AG, Germany's energy exchange, is the leading energy exchange in Central Europe.
The Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (German: Evangelisch-Lutherische Freikirche) is a confessional Lutheran denomination based in Germany and Austria.
FC Sachsen Leipzig was a German football club from the Leutzsch district of Leipzig, Saxony.
The Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht) is one of the five federal supreme courts of Germany.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.
Ferdinand Lassalle (11 April 1825 – 31 August 1864), born as Ferdinand Johann Gottlieb Lassal and also known as Ferdinand Lassalle-Wolfson, was a German-Jewish jurist, philosopher, socialist, and political activist.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
The Frauen-Regionalliga is the third-tier of German women's association football.
The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., "Fraunhofer Society for the Advancement of Applied Research") is a German research organization with 69institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science (as opposed to the Max Planck Society, which works primarily on basic science).
Fred Wander (5 January 1917 – 10 July 2006) was an Austrian writer and Holocaust survivor.
Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus (4 May 1772 – 20 August 1823) was a German encyclopedia publisher and editor, famed for publishing the Conversations-Lexikon, which is now published as the Brockhaus encyclopedia.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.
Future Electronics Inc. is a distributor of electronic and electro-mechanical components headquartered in Pointe-Claire, Quebec.
Gemeinde (plural: Gemeinden) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland is the smallest administrative division of local government having corporate status and powers of self-government.
The General German Workers' Association (Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiter-Verein, ADAV) was a German political party initiated on 23 May 1863 in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony by Ferdinand Lassalle.
Georgius Agricola (24 March 1494 – 21 November 1555) was a German mineralogist and metallurgist.
Gera is the third-largest city in Thuringia, Germany, with 96,000 inhabitants, located south of Leipzig, east of Erfurt and west of Dresden.
The German Football Association (Deutscher Fußball-Bund; DFB) is the governing body of football in Germany.
The German Institute for Literature (German: Deutsches Literaturinstitut Leipzig, DLL) is a part of Leipzig University.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
German Museum of Books and Writing (Deutsche Buch- und Schriftmuseum (DBSM)) in Leipzig, Germany, founded in 1884 as Deutsches Buchgewerbe-Museum, is the world's oldest museum of its kind, dedicated to collecting and preserving objects and documents as well as literature connected with the history of books, including paper, printing techniques, the art of illustration, and bookbinding.
The German National Library (Deutsche Nationalbibliothek or DNB) is the central archival library and national bibliographic centre for the Federal Republic of Germany.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gewandhaus is a concert hall in Leipzig, Germany, the home of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra.
The GfK SE (established in 1934 as Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung, "Society for Consumer Research") is Germany's largest market research institute, and the fourth largest market research organisation in the world, after Nielsen Company, Kantar Group and Ipsos.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
Faust is a tragic play in two parts by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, usually known in English as Faust, Part One and Faust, Part Two.
Gose is a top-fermented beer that originated in Goslar, Germany.
Goslar is a historic town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781) was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the Enlightenment era.
The Grassi Museum is a building complex in Leipzig, Germany, home to three museums: the Ethnography Museum, Musical Instruments Museum, and Applied Arts Museum.
Gründerzeit (literally: “founders’ period”) was the economic phase in 19th-century Germany and Austria before the great stock market crash of 1873.
Großpösna is a municipality in the Leipzig district, in Saxony, Germany.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.
Gulag Orkestar is the debut album of Beirut.
Gustav Theodor Fechner (19 April 1801 – 18 November 1887), was a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist.
Gustav Ludwig Hertz (22 July 1887 – 30 October 1975) was a German experimental physicist and Nobel Prize winner, and a nephew of Heinrich Rudolf Hertz.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
Halle (Saale) is a city in the southern part of the German state Saxony-Anhalt.
The Hamburg State Opera (in German: Hamburgische Staatsoper) is a Germany opera company based in Hamburg.
HC Leipzig is a women's handball club based in Leipzig, Germany.
The Handball-Bundesliga (HBL) is the top German professional handball league.
The Handelsblatt (literally "commerce paper" in English) is a leading German-language business newspaper published in Düsseldorf by Verlagsgruppe Handelsblatt.
Hanns Eisler (6 July 1898 – 6 September 1962) was an Austrian composer (his father was Austrian, and Eisler fought in a Hungarian regiment in World War I).
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
Hans Mayer (19 March 1907 in Cologne – 19 May 2001 in Tübingen) was a German literary scholar.
Hans Heinrich Josef Meyer (March 22, 1858 – July 5, 1929) was a German geographer from Hildburghausen, who was the son of publisher Herrmann Julius Meyer (1826-1909).
HASAG (also known as Hugo Schneider AG, or by its original name in Hugo Schneider Aktiengesellschaft Metallwarenfabrik) was a German metal goods manufacturer founded in 1863.
Haus Auensee is a concert hall located in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany.
Heike Hennig (born 8 November 1966) is a German dancer, choreographer and director of the opera and dance ensemble "Heike Hennig & Co".
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
Heinz Czechowski (7 February 1935 – 21 October 2009) was a German poet and dramatist.
The Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren) is the largest scientific organisation in Germany.
The work of the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ (prior to 28 November 2006 UFZ-Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig-Halle GmbH) covers both basic research and applied research.
Herbert Blomstedt (born July 11, 1927) is a conductor laureate of the San Francisco Symphony.
Herzliya (הֶרְצְלִיָּה; هرتسيليا) is an affluent city in the central coast of Israel, at the Northern part of the Tel Aviv District known for its robust start-up and entrepreneurial culture.
HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management, formerly known as Handelshochschule Leipzig, is a private business school based in Saxony, Germany.
High school clubs and organizations, are student-based school organizations, consisting of administration-approved organizations functioning with myriad tasks, varying on the specific purpose of each respective club.
Historic roads are existing or once existent travel routes of historic significance.
Historicism or also historism (Historismus) comprises artistic styles that draw their inspiration from recreating historic styles or imitating the work of historic artisans.
Leipzig, a city in the German state of Saxony, has historically been a center for Jews.
The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years.
The Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst / Academy of Fine Arts Leipzig (HGB) is one of the oldest art schools in Germany, dating back to 1764.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
The Institute of Contemporary History (Institut für Zeitgeschichte) in Munich was conceived in 1947 under the name Deutsches Institut für Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Zeit ("German Institute of the History of the National Socialist Era").
Inter Leipzig is a German association football club located in Leipzig, Saxony.
The Intercity-Express (written as InterCityExpress in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland and, formerly, in Germany) or ICE is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its surrounding countries.
The International Johann Sebastian Bach Competition (Internationaler Johann-Sebastian-Bach-Wettbewerb) is a music competition in Leipzig, Germany, held by the Bach-Archiv Leipzig.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jena is a German university city and the second largest city in Thuringia.
Jesewitz is a municipality in the district of Nordsachsen, in Saxony, Germany.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Johann Christian Bach (September 5, 1735 – January 1, 1782) was a composer of the Classical era, the eleventh surviving child and youngest son of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Johann Maier von Eck (13 November 1486 – 13 February 1543), often Anglicized as John Eck, was a German Scholastic theologian, Catholic prelate, and early counterreformer who was among Martin Luther's most important interlocutors and theological opponents.
Johann Friedrich Mayer (6 December 1650 – 30 March 1712) was a German Lutheran theologian and professor of theology at Wittenberg University.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johann Sigismund Scholze alias Sperontes (20 March 1705 in Lobendau bei Liegnitz (today Lubiatów near Złotoryja) 28 September 1750 in Leipzig) was a Silesian music anthologist and poet.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth (22 April 1903 – 16 May 1946) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era. He was a war criminal who perpetrated mass murder and genocide in German occupied Poland during the Holocaust. Schöngarth was born in Leipzig, Saxony. In 1933 he became a member of the SD, the SS's own Intelligence Service. During the German attack on Poland he was promoted to SS Obersturmbannfuhrer. He later served as a Senior Inspector for the RSHA in Dresden. In January 1941 he was sent to Kraków, occupied Poland, as Senior Commander of the SiPo and SD. During the time Schöngarth was stationed in Kraków, he formed several Einsatzgruppen (Special Action Groups) in Warsaw, Radom, and Lublin, with the intention of perpetrating massacres. He was responsible for the murder of up to 10,000 Polish Jews between July and September 1941 and the massacre of Lwów professors behind the frontline of Operation Barbarossa in the Soviet Union. Schöngarth attended the Wannsee Conference on 20 January 1942, along with Dr. Rudolf Lange (Einsatzgruppen A), who had also participated in the Holocaust. From early July 1944 until the end of war he was the BdS in the Netherlands. Schöngarth was captured by the allies at the end of the war in Europe. After an investigation into his background, he was charged with the crime of murdering a downed Allied pilot (on 21 November 1944) and tried by a British Military Court in Burgsteinfurt. He was found guilty of this war crime on 11 February 1946 and sentenced to death by hanging. Schöngarth was executed by Albert Pierrepoint on 16 May 1946 at Hameln Prison.
Karl Liebknecht (13 August 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany.
Karl Wittgenstein (April 8, 1847 – January 20, 1913) was a German-born Austrian steel tycoon of Jewish origin.
Kassel (spelled Cassel until 1928) is a city located at the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Kitzen is a former municipality in the Leipzig district, in Saxony, Germany.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Kristallnacht (lit. "Crystal Night") or Reichskristallnacht, also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, Reichspogromnacht or simply Pogromnacht, and Novemberpogrome (Yiddish: קרישטאָל נאַכט krishtol nakt), was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and German civilians.
Kristin Otto (born 7 February 1966) is a German Olympic swimming champion.
Kristjan Järvi (alternate (U.S.) spelling: Kristian Järvi) (born 13 June 1972, Tallinn) is an Estonian-born American conductor and pianist.
Kurt Masur (18 July 1927 – 19 December 2015) was a German conductor.
Teatro La Fenice ("The Phoenix") is an opera house in Venice, Italy.
Landesbank Baden-Württemberg (LBBW) is a parent company of three commercial banks and the Landesbank for some Federal States of Germany.
The Landesliga (Football State League) is a tier of football in some states of the German football league system.
The larger urban zone (LUZ), or Functional Urban Area (FUA), is a measure of the population and expanse of metropolitan areas in Europe and OECD countries.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
The Leipzig BayDickinson (1964), p. 29.
Leipzig Bayerischer Bahnhof (Leipzig Bavarian station) is Germany's oldest preserved railway station, located in Leipzig, Germany.
The Leipzig Book Fair (Leipziger Buchmesse) is the second largest book fair in Germany after the Frankfurt Book Fair.
Leipzig Botanical Garden (3.5 hectares), (Leipziger Botanische Gärten, Botanischer Garten der Universität Leipzig), is a botanical garden maintained by the University of Leipzig, and located at Linnéstraße 1, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany.
The City Tunnel is a twin-bore railway tunnel for the city-centre S-Bahn in Leipzig.
The Leipzig Debate (Leipziger Disputation) was a theological disputation originally between Andreas Karlstadt, Martin Luther, Philipp Melanchthon, and Johann Eck.
The Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra (Gewandhausorchester; also previously known in German as the Gewandhausorchester Leipzig) is a German symphony orchestra based in Leipzig, Germany.
Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (Leipzig main station) is the central railway terminus in Leipzig, Germany.
The Leipzig Human Rights Award is an honor given by the European-American Citizens Committee for Human Rights and Religious Freedom in the USA, which recognizes "efforts towards human rights and freedom of expression in the USA" and actions against what the organization refers to as "human rights violations by the totalitarian Scientology." Prior to 2001, the honor was known as the Alternative Charlemagne Award.
The Museum of Applied Arts (Museum für Angewandte Kunst) is a museum in Leipzig, Germany.
The Leipzig Museum of Ethnography (Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig) is a large ethnographic museum in Leipzig, Germany.
The Leipzig Opera (in German) is an opera house and opera company located at the Augustusplatz in Leipzig, Germany.
The Leipzig Panometer is an attraction in Leipzig, Germany.
Leipzig Riverside Forest (German: Leipziger Auenwald) is a Riparian forest, which lies mostly within the city limits of Leipzig city in Germany.
The ornate Moorish Revival Leipzig Synagogue in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany, was built in 1855 by German Jewish architect Otto Simonson who had studied under Gottfried Semper, architect of the Semper Synagogue in Dresden.
The Leipzig Trade Fair (Leipziger Messe) is a major trade fair, which traces its roots back for nearly a millennium.
Leipzig University (Universität Leipzig), in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the world's oldest universities and the second-oldest university (by consecutive years of existence) in Germany.
Leipzig University Library (Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig), known also as Bibliotheca Albertina, is the central library of the University of Leipzig.
The Leipzig University of Applied Sciences is a Fachhochschule in Leipzig, Germany.
Leipzig Wilhelm-Leuschner-Platz is a new central railway station in the city of Leipzig, Germany.
Leipzig Zoological Garden, or Leipzig Zoo is a zoo in Leipzig city, Germany.
Leipzig/Halle Airport (German: Flughafen Leipzig/Halle) is an international airport located in Schkeuditz, Saxony and serves both Leipzig, Saxony and Halle, Saxony-Anhalt.
Leipzig–Altenburg Airport; (known as Altenburg–Nobitz Airport until February 2008) is a German regional airport in Nobitz, southeast of Altenburg and south of Leipzig in the state of Thuringia.
Leipziger Allerlei is a regional German vegetable dish consisting of peas, carrots, asparagus, morels and crayfish.
The Leipziger Baumwollspinnerei (Leipzig Cotton Mill) is an industrial site in Leipzig, Germany.
The Leipziger Lerche is a pastry of Leipzig.
The Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe or LVB, literally translated into English as the Leipzig Transport Authority, operates the tramway and bus transport services in Leipzig, Germany.
Liepāja (pronounced) (Libau; see other names) is a city in western Latvia, located on the Baltic Sea.
The Line of Contact marked the farthest advance of Canadian, American, British and Soviet Armies into German controlled territory at the End of World War II in Europe.
Lipetsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Lipetsk Oblast, Russia, located on the banks of the Voronezh River in the Don basin, southeast of Moscow.
As defined by the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development, a Großstadt (large city) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.
The name Labour (or Labor) Party, or similar, is used by political parties around the world, particularly in countries of the Commonwealth of Nations.
This is a list of mayors of Leipzig since 1778.
This lists ranks the tallest buildings in Germany that stand at least tall.
Live in Leipzig is a live album by the Norwegian black metal band Mayhem.
Louise Otto-Peters (26 March 1819, Meissen – 13 March 1895, Leipzig) was a German suffragist and women's rights movement activist who wrote novels, poetry, essays, and libretti.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Margrave was originally the medieval title for the military commander assigned to maintain the defense of one of the border provinces of the Holy Roman Empire or of a kingdom.
Markkleeberg is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Markkleeberger See is a lake in Saxony, Germany, next to Markkleeberg, a suburb on the south side of Leipzig.
Markranstädt is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Martin Broszat (14 August 1926 – 14 October 1989) was a German historian specializing in modern German social history whose work has been described by The Encyclopedia of Historians as indispensable for any serious study of Nazi Germany.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
Matthias Weischer (born 1973 in Rheine, West Germany) is a painter living in Leipzig.
Max Beckmann (February 12, 1884 – December 27, 1950) was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, and writer.
The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie, shortened to MPI EVA) is a research institute based in Leipzig, Germany, founded in 1997.
The Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences is located in Leipzig, Germany.
The Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences(MPI MiS) in Leipzig was founded on March 1, 1996.
The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.; abbreviated MPG) is a formally independent non-governmental and non-profit association of German research institutes founded in 1911 as the Kaiser Wilhelm Society and renamed the Max Planck Society in 1948 in honor of its former president, theoretical physicist Max Planck.
Mayhem is a Norwegian black metal band formed in 1984 in Oslo.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
München Hauptbahnhof (German for Munich main railway station) is the main railway station in the city of Munich, Germany.
The MDR Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra (in German simply the MDR Sinfonieorchester) is a German radio orchestra based in Leipzig.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A mill race, millrace or millrun is the current of water that turns a water wheel, or the channel (sluice) conducting water to or from a water wheel.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (Central German Broadcasting, MDR) is the public broadcaster for the federal states of Thuringia, Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).
The Monday demonstrations in East Germany in 1989 to 1991 (Montagsdemonstrationen) were a series of peaceful political protests against the government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) that took place every Monday evening.
The Monument to the Battle of the Nations (Völkerschlachtdenkmal, sometimes shortened to Völki) is a monument in Leipzig, Germany, to the 1813 Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of the Nations.
Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Romanticist fascination with all things oriental.
A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris (regolith and rock) that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions on Earth (i.e. a past glacial maximum), through geomorphological processes.
The Moritzbastei is the only remaining part of the ancient town fortifications of Leipzig.
The world's most liveable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on an annual survey of living conditions.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Museum der bildenden Künste (German: "Museum of Fine Arts") is a museum in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany.
The Museum of Antiquities of the University of Leipzig (Antikenmuseum der Universität Leipzig) is a collection of antiques in Leipzig, Germany.
The Museum of Musical Instruments of the University of Leipzig (Museum für Musikinstrumente der Universität Leipzig) is a museum in Leipzig, Germany.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Musical composition can refer to an original piece of music, either a song or an instrumental music piece, the structure of a musical piece, or the process of creating or writing a new song or piece of music.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Natural History Museum in Leipzig (Naturkundemuseum Leipzig) is a natural history museum in the city of Leipzig, Germany.
Naunhof is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Neo Rauch (born 18 April 1960, in Leipzig, East Germany) is a German artist whose paintings mine the intersection of his personal history with the politics of industrial alienation.
Neuseenland is an area south of Leipzig, Germany, where old open-cast mines are being converted into a huge lake district.
The term New Leipzig School (Neue Leipziger Schule) refers to a movement in modern German painting.
Leipzig New Town Hall (Neues Rathaus) is the seat of the Leipzig city administration since 1905.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The NOFV-Oberliga Süd is the fifth tier of the German football league system in the southern states of the former East Germany.
The North European Plain (Norddeutsches Tiefland or Norddeutsche Tiefebene, North German Plain; Nizina Środkowoeuropejska, Middle European Plain) is a geomorphological region in Europe, mostly in Poland, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands (Low Countries), and a small part of northern France and Czech republic.
The North German Plain or Northern Lowland (Norddeutsches Tiefland) is one of the major geographical regions of Germany.
The Nuremberg Laws (Nürnberger Gesetze) were antisemitic and racial laws in Nazi Germany.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
"Ode to Joy" (German), is an ode written in the summer of 1785 by German poet, playwright, and historian Friedrich Schiller and published the following year in Thalia.
Open-pit, open-cast or open cut mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
Otto II, the Rich (Otto der Reiche; 1125 – 18 February 1190), a member of the House of Wettin, was Margrave of Meissen from 1156 until his death.
The Parthe is a river in Saxony, Germany, right tributary of the White Elster.
Paul Frölich (7 August 1884 – 16 March 1953) was a journalist and left wing political activist who was a founding member of the Communist Party of Germany and founder of the party's paper, Die Rote Fahne. A Communist Party deputy in the Reichstag on two occasions, Frölich was expelled from the Party in 1928, after which he joined the organized German Communist Opposition movement.
The Paulinerkirche was a church on the Augustusplatz in Leipzig, named after the "Pauliner", its original Dominican friars.
The Paulinum is a university building of University of Leipzig, whose construction began in 2007.
The Christian feast day of Pentecost is seven weeks after Easter Sunday: that is to say, the fiftieth day after Easter inclusive of Easter Sunday.
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.
Plattenbau (plural: Plattenbauten, Platte: panel/ slab; Bau: building/ construction) is a building constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs.
The Pleiße is a right tributary of the White Elster in Saxony, Germany.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Prayer is an invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with an object of worship, typically a deity, through deliberate communication.
A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").
The Propsteikirche St.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The term Prussian state railways (German: Preußische Staatseisenbahnen) encompasses those railway organisations that were owned or managed by the State of Prussia.
Psychophysics quantitatively investigates the relationship between physical stimuli and the sensations and perceptions they produce.
Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.
Rackwitz is a municipality in the district of Nordsachsen, in Saxony, Germany.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Ralph Giordano (23 March 1923 – 10 December 2014) was a German writer and publicist.
Rammstein is a German heavy metal band formed in 1994 in Berlin, Germany.
Within the study of demography, the rate of natural increase (RNI) is classified as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
RasenBallsport Leipzig e.V., commonly known as RB Leipzig, is a German association football club based in Leipzig, Saxony.
Reclam Verlag or just Reclam is a German publishing house, established in Leipzig in 1828 by Anton Philipp Reclam (1807–1896).
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Red Bull is an energy drink sold by Red Bull GmbH, an Austrian company created in 1987.
Red Bull Arena (formerly Zentralstadion), is a football facility located in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany.
The Regionalliga Nordost is the fourth tier of the German football league system in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia.
The Reichsgericht (Imperial Court of Justice) was the supreme criminal and civil court in the German Reich from 1879 to 1945.
Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 17th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture.
René Müller (born 11 February 1959) is a German former footballer.
The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
Riccardo Chailly, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (born 20 February 1953) is an Italian conductor.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
A riparian forest or riparian woodland is a forested or wooded area of land adjacent to a body of water such as a river, stream, pond, lake, marshland, estuary, canal, sink or reservoir.
Rita Wilden, née Jahn (born 9 October 1947 in Leipzig) is a German athlete, who competed mainly in the 400 metres.
Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and an influential music critic.
Rosa Luxemburg (Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia Luxenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist, anti-war activist, and revolutionary socialist who became a naturalized German citizen at the age of 28.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Saxon State Railways (Königlich Sächsische Staatseisenbahnen) were the state-owned railways operating in the Kingdom of Saxony from 1869 to 1918.
Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg (rbb) (Berlin-Brandenburg Broadcasting) is an institution under public law (national broadcaster) for the German states of Berlin and Brandenburg, situated in Berlin and Potsdam.
Ruth Fischer (11 December 1895 – 13 March 1961) was an Austrian and German Communist and a co-founder of the Austrian Communist Party in 1918.
Dr Ruth Katherina Martha Pfau HI, RM, HP, NQA, SQA Aga Khan University, Karachi Retrieved 6 July 2010.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.
S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland represents an enlargement of the previous Leipzig-Halle S-Bahn.
The S-train is a type of hybrid urban-suburban rail serving a metropolitan region.
The Saale, also known as the Saxon Saale (Sächsische Saale) and Thuringian Saale (Thüringische Saale), is a river in Germany and a left-bank tributary of the Elbe.
Sarah Kirsch (16 April 1935 – 5 May 2013) was a German poet.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt,, official: Land Sachsen-Anhalt) is a landlocked federal state of Germany surrounded by the federal states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia.
Südfriedhof (South Cemetery) is, with an area of 82 hectares, the largest cemetery in Leipzig.
SC DHfK Leipzig is a German handball team.
Schkeuditz is a town in the district of Nordsachsen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.
Shortcrust pastry is a type of pastry often used for the base of a tart, quiche or pie.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Simone Thomalla (born April 11, 1965) is a German actress.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
Sour beer is beer which has an intentionally acidic, tart or sour taste.
The Stadt- und Kreissparkasse Leipzig ("City and Regional Saving Bank of Leipzig") is a German public bank, a type of savings bank, based in Leipzig, Saxony.
Spreadshirt Spreadshirt is the self-expression global e-commerce company; working across Europe and north America.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
The Ministry for State Security (Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, MfS) or State Security Service (Staatssicherheitsdienst, SSD), commonly known as the Stasi, was the official state security service of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Suburbanization is a population shift from central urban areas into suburbs, resulting in the formation of (sub)urban sprawl.
Suhrkamp Verlag is a German publishing house, established in 1950 and generally acknowledged as one of the leading European publishers of fine literature.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Symphony No.
Taucha is a town in the district of Nordsachsen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (30 November 1817 – 1 November 1903) was a German classical scholar, historian, jurist, journalist, politician and archaeologist.
Theresienstadt concentration camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt ghetto, was a concentration camp established by the SS during World War II in the garrison city of Terezín (Theresienstadt), located in German-occupied Czechoslovakia.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Thietmar (also Dietmar or Dithmar; 25 July 975 – 1 December 1018), Prince-Bishop of Merseburg from 1009 until his death, was an important chronicler recording the reigns of German kings and Holy Roman Emperors of the Ottonian (Saxon) dynasty.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
The Thomanerchor (English: St. Thomas Choir of Leipzig) is a boys' choir in Leipzig, Germany.
The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is a federal state in central Germany.
Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
Till Lindemann (born 4 January 1963) is a German singer, songwriter, musician, actor, poet, and pyrotechnician.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
The Leipzig tramway network (Straßenbahnnetz Leipzig) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Leipzig, a city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Travnik is a town and municipality and the administrative center of Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
UBI Theatre Leipzig is a bilingual (English and German) theatre company based in Leipzig (Germany).
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), compulsion, or other forms of extreme hardship to themselves or members of their families.
The University of Music and Theatre "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy" Leipzig (Hochschule für Musik und Theater "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy" Leipzig) is a public university in Leipzig (Saxony, Germany).
Via Imperii (Imperial Road) was one of the most important of a class of roads known collectively as imperial roads (Reichsstraßen) of the Holy Roman Empire.
A Via Regia (Royal Highway) was a type of historic road in the Middle Ages which were legally associated with the king and remained under his special protection and guarantee of public peace.
VNG – Verbundnetz Gas AG (VNG) is a natural gas company headquartered in Leipzig, Germany.
The Volkssturm ("people's storm") was a national militia established by Nazi Germany during the last months of World War II.
Walter Ernst Paul Ulbricht (30 June 18931 August 1973) was a German Communist politician.
Wave-Gotik-Treffen (ger. das Treffen means "the meeting") is an annual world festival for "dark" music and arts in Leipzig, Germany.
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.
Werner Karl Heisenberg (5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976) was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.
Werner Neumann (21 January 1905, Königstein – 24 April 1991, Leipzig) was a German musicologist.
Werner Tübke (30 July 1929 in Schönebeck, Germany – 27 May 2004 in Leipzig, Germany) was a German painter, best known for his monumental Peasants' War Panorama located in Bad Frankenhausen.
The White Elster is a long river in central Europe, right tributary of the Saale.
Wilhelm Backhaus ('Bachaus' on some record labels) (26 March 1884 – 5 July 1969) was a German pianist and pedagogue.
Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald (2 September 1853 – 4 April 1932) was a German chemist.
Wilhelm Anton Souchon (2 June 1864 – 13 January 1946) was a German-born Ottoman admiral in World War I. Souchon commanded the Kaiserliche Marines Mediterranean squadron in the early days of the war.
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology.
The Women's EHF Champions League is an official competition for women's handball clubs of Europe, organised annually by the European Handball Federation (EHF).
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Zeitgeschichtliches Forum Leipzig (English: Forum of Contemporary History) is a museum of contemporary German history.
Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).
Zwenkau is a town in the district of Leipzig, in Saxony, Germany.
Zwickau (Sorbian (hist.): Šwikawa, Czech Cvikov) is a town in Saxony, Germany, it is the capital of the district of Zwickau.
The 1965–66 Intertoto Cup was won by Lokomotive Leipzig, who had lost the previous season's final (under their previous name of SC Leipzig).
The 1973–74 UEFA Cup was won by Feyenoord Rotterdam over Tottenham Hotspur 4–2 on aggregate.
The 1986–87 season of the European Cup Winners' Cup was won by Ajax in the final against Lokomotive Leipzig.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2015–16 2.
The 2nd Infantry Division ("Indianhead"; "2ID," "2nd ID", or "Second D") is a formation of the United States Army.
The 69th Infantry Division, nicknamed the "fighting 69th," was a Division of the United States Army formed during World War II.
Buch-Stadt, City of Leipzig, DELEJ, Großzschocher, History of Leipzig, Kleinzschocher, Knauthain, Knautnaundorf, Leibzig, Leipsig, Leiptzig, Leipzig, East Germany, Leipzig, Germany, Leipzig-Heiterblick, Liepsic, Liepzig, Lipsia, Lipsiae, Plagwitz (Leipzig), R-52 Leipzig/Mockau, UN/LOCODE:DELEJ.