236 relations: Act Anent the demission of the Crown in favour of our Sovereign Lord, and his Majesty's Coronation 1567, Adam Archibald, Alexander Morgan (mathematician), American Revolutionary War, Andrew Barton (privateer), Antarctic, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Bailie, Battle of Dunbar (1650), Battle of Trafalgar, Beeching cuts, Bernard Street, Edinburgh, Bishop of Ross (Scotland), British African-Caribbean people, British Asian, Burgage, Burgh, Calton Hill, Catholic Church, Chandelier, Channel 4, Chaplain, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Chris Small, Christian Salvesen, Church of Scotland, Clarice Shaw, Cleanse the Causeway, Constitution Street, Crabbie's, Craigmillar Festival Society, Cricket, Danny Swanson, David Cousin, David Craigie, David Leslie, 1st Lord Newark, David Lindsay (bishop of Ross), Deindustrialization, Diageo, Dick Gaughan, Dry dock, Easter Road, Edinburgh, Eastern Europe, Edinburgh, Edinburgh Athletic F.C., Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh Corporation Tramways, Edinburgh Crystal, Edinburgh Mela, Edinburgh North and Leith (UK Parliament constituency), ..., Edinburgh Northern and Leith (Scottish Parliament constituency), Edinburgh Trams, Eduardo Paolozzi, Elbe, Eric Brown (pilot), Ernest Cruickshank, Erskine Nicol, Falkirk F.C., Falklands War, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Fife, Firth of Forth, Forth Ports, Frank Doran (British politician), George III of the United Kingdom, George IV of the United Kingdom, George Kellie, George Ritchie Gilruth, George T. H. Reid, Glasgow School of Art, Gordon Donaldson, Governor of New South Wales, Great Junction Street, Handyside Edgar, Hanseatic League, Harold Mahony, Helen Crummy, Henderson Street, Henry Robb, Hibernian F.C., Hinduism, HMY Britannia, Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood Palace, Horse racing, Hugo Arnot, Hussainiya, Intravenous therapy, Irvine Welsh, J. K. Rowling, James Brown (footballer, born 1907), James Campbell Irons, James Craig (architect), James Currie (shipowner), James Morton (footballer), James Pringle (Provost), James Scarth Combe, James VI and I, John Armstrong (journalist/poet), John Barry (naval officer), John Cheyne (physician), John Chisholm (soldier), John Coldstream, John Hall (minister), John Home, John Hughes (footballer, born 1964), John Hunter (Royal Navy officer), John Paul Jones, John Russell Greig, København (ship), Kirk, Lagavulin distillery, Laphroaig distillery, Leigh Griffiths, Leith Academy, Leith Athletic F.C., Leith Central railway station, Leith Citadel railway station, Leith Corporation Tramways, Leith dockers strike 1913, Leith Festival, Leith Harbour, Leith Library, Leith Links, Leith Races, Leith Roads, Leith School of Art, Leith Walk, Limited company, List of Lord High Admirals of Scotland, List of provosts of Edinburgh, Lord Provost, Lords of the Congregation, Lothian Buses, Magazine, Magistrate, Malcolm Smith (British politician), Marian civil war, Martin Melvin Cruickshank, Mary of Guise, Mary, Queen of Scots, Member of parliament, Mercantilism, Midlothian, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Moredun Research Institute, MTV Europe Music Award, Muirfield, Musselburgh, Musselburgh Links, Napoleonic Wars, National Museum of Scotland, National service, Neil Smith (geographer), North Leith Parish Church, Norwegian Church Abroad, Ocean Terminal, Edinburgh, Oliver Cromwell, Paddy Buckley, Patent slip, Pentecostalism, Peter Heatly, Peterborough United F.C., Pilrig, Politics of Edinburgh, Pop art, Portobello, Edinburgh, Queen's Police Medal, Referendum, Regent, Restalrig, Richard Mackie, Robert Barton of Over Barnton, Robert James Blair Cunynghame, Robert Jameson, Rose's lime juice, Royal Society of Edinburgh, Rules of golf, Sam McCluskie, Scottish Government, Scottish Labour Party, Scottish national identity, Scottish Office, Scottish Premiership, Scottish Reformation, Shia Islam, Shires of Scotland, Shopping mall, Siege of Leith, Sikhism, Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet, Skagboys, Slum clearance, Snooker, South Leith Parish Church, South Queensferry, SS Great Western, SS Sirius (1837), St Mary's Star of the Sea Church, Leith, Subdivisions of Scotland, Sunni Islam, Talisker distillery, The Proclaimers, The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, Thomas Anderson (chemist), Thomas Gladstones, Thomas Hastie Bell, Thomas Jamieson Boyd, Thomas Latta, Thomas Morton (shipwright), Timber Bush, Toll bridge, Tom Farmer, Trainspotting (novel), Treasurer of Scotland, Treaty of Edinburgh, Trinity House of Leith, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, Unicorn Kid, United Kingdom census, 2011, United States Navy, Vat 69, Victoria Cross, Visit of King George IV to Scotland, Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, Vitamin C, Water of Leith, White-collar worker, William Ewart Gladstone, William Henry Johnston, William Jameson (botanist, born 1815), William Lindsay (shipowner), William Lindsay Alexander, William Maitland (historian), William Merrilees, William Pitt the Younger. 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Act Anent the demission of the Crown in favour of our Sovereign Lord, and his Majesty's Coronation 1567
The Act Anent the demission of the Crown in favour of our Sovereign Lord, and his Majesty’s Coronation was an Act of the Parliament of Scotland passed on 12 December 1567.
Adam Archibald VC (14 January 1879 – 10 March 1957) was a Scottish First World War recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Alexander Morgan PEIS FRSE OBE LLD (1860–1946) was a Scottish mathematician and educator.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Sir Andrew Barton (c. 1466 – 2 August 1511) was a Scottish sailor from Leith, who served as High Admiral of the Kingdom of Scotland.
The Antarctic (US English, UK English or and or) is a polar region around the Earth's South Pole, opposite the Arctic region around the North Pole.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
A bailie or baillie is a civic officer in the local government of Scotland.
The Battle of Dunbar (3 September 1650) was a battle of the Third English Civil War.
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1815).
The Beeching cuts (also Beeching Axe) were a reduction of route network and restructuring of the railways in Great Britain, according to a plan outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board.
Bernard Street is a thoroughfare in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Bishop of Ross was the ecclesiastical head of the Diocese of Ross, one of Scotland's 13 medieval bishoprics.
British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.
British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.
Burgage is a medieval land term used in Great Britain and Ireland, well established by the 13th century.
A burgh was an autonomous municipal corporation in Scotland and Northern England, usually a town, or toun in Scots.
Calton Hill is a hill in central Edinburgh, Scotland, situated beyond the east end of Princes Street and included in the city's UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
A chandelier (also known as girandole, candelabra lamp, or least commonly suspended lights) is a branched ornamental light fixture designed to be mounted on ceilings or walls.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
A chaplain is a cleric (such as a minister, priest, pastor, rabbi, or imam), or a lay representative of a religious tradition, attached to a secular institution such as a hospital, prison, military unit, school, business, police department, fire department, university, or private chapel.
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Sophia Charlotte; 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was a British queen consort and wife of King George III.
Christopher "Chris" Small (born 26 September 1973) is a retired Scottish professional snooker player and now a qualified snooker coach.
Christian Salvesen was a Scottish whaling, transport and logistics company with a long and varied history, employing 13,000 staff and operating in seven countries in western Europe.
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
Clarice Marion Shaw (née McNab; 22 October 1883 – 27 October 1946) was a Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom.
The skirmish known as Cleanse the Causeway, or Clear the Causeway, took place in the High Street of Edinburgh, Scotland, on 30 April 1520, between rivals James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran, chief of Clan Hamilton, and Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, chief of Clan Douglas.
Constitution Street is a thoroughfare in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Crabbie's is a Scottish brand traditionally known for its green ginger wine and blended whiskies produced at John Crabbie & Co's extensive premises in Leith.
The Craigmillar Festival Society (CFS) was a Community Arts organisation that existed in the Craigmillar area of Edinburgh, Scotland from 1962 to 2002.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Daniel Joseph Swanson (born 28 December 1986) is a Scottish footballer, who plays as an attacking midfielder for Hibernian.
David Cousin (19 May 1809 – 14 August 1878) was a Scottish architect, landscape architect and planner, closely associated with early cemetery design and many prominent buildings in Edinburgh.
David Craigie FRSE (6 June 1793 – 17 May 1866) was a Scottish physician, known as a medical author.
David Leslie, 1st Lord Newark (c. 1600–1682) was a cavalry officer.
David Lindsay (1531–1613) was of the twelve original ministers nominated to the "chief places in Scotland" in 1560.
Deindustrialization or deindustrialisation is a process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity or activity in a country or region, especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry.
Diageo plc is a British multinational alcoholic beverages company, with its headquarters in London, England.
Richard Peter Gaughan (born 17 May 1948 in Glasgow) is a Scottish musician, singer and songwriter, particularly of folk and social protest songs.
A dry dock (sometimes dry-dock or drydock) is a narrow basin or vessel that can be flooded to allow a load to be floated in, then drained to allow that load to come to rest on a dry platform.
Easter Road is a main road in Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edinburgh Athletic Football Club was an amateur senior Scottish football team based in Edinburgh.
Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position on the Castle Rock.
Edinburgh Corporation Tramways formerly served the City of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Edinburgh Crystal was a cut glass crystal manufactured in Scotland between 1867 and 2006, and was also the name of the manufacturing company.
The Edinburgh Mela is an annual multi-cultural festival held in Edinburgh, Scotland, and is one of the 12 festivals that make up the Edinburgh Festival.
Edinburgh North and Leith is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster), first used in the 1997 general election.
Edinburgh Northern and Leith is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).
Edinburgh Trams is a tramway in Edinburgh, Scotland, operated by Transport for Edinburgh.
Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi (7 March 1924 – 22 April 2005) was a Scottish sculptor and artist.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
Captain Eric Melrose "Winkle" Brown, CBE, DSC, AFC, Hon FRAeS, RN (21 January 1919 – 21 February 2016) was a British Royal Navy officer and test pilot who flew 487 types of aircraft, more than anyone else in history.
Ernest William Henderson Cruickshank FRSE LLD (1888–1964) was a Scottish physician and physiologist.
Erskine Nicol (3 July 1825 – 1904) was a Scottish figure and genre painter.
Falkirk Football Club is a Scottish professional association football club based in the town of Falkirk.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland judges to be "eminently distinguished in their subject".
Fife (Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
Forth Ports Limited is one of the largest port operators in the United Kingdom.
Frank Doran (13 April 1949 – 30 October 2017) was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aberdeen South from 1987 to 1992, when he lost his seat.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover following the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later.
Dr George Kellie MD, FRSE (1770–1829) was a Scottish surgeon who, together with Alexander Monro secundus gave his name to the Monro-Kellie doctrine, a concept which relates intracranial pressure to the volume of intracranial contents and is a basic tenet of our understanding of the neuropathology of raised intracranial pressure.
Dr George Ritchie Gilruth FRSE LRCP LRCSE (1842-1921) was a Scottish surgeon and author.
Very Rev Dr George T. H. Reid DD MC (b.1910) was a 20th century Scottish minister of the Church of Scotland who served as Moderator of the General Assembly in 1973/74.
The Glasgow School of Art (GSA) is Scotland's only public self-governing art school offering university-level programmes and research in architecture, fine art and design.
Gordon Donaldson, (13 April 1913 – 16 March 1993) was a Scottish historian.
The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales.
Great Junction Street is a street in Leith, on the northern outskirts of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Dr Handyside Edgar (sometimes written Handasyde Edgar) FRSE (1754-1806) was a Scottish physician who settled in Jamaica as both doctor and plantation owner.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Harold Segerson Mahony (13 February 1867 – 27 June 1905) was a Scottish-born Irish tennis player who is best known for winning the singles title at the Wimbledon Championships in 1896.
Helen Crummy MBE (10 May 1920 – 11 July 2011) was a founder of The Craigmillar Festival Society, and served as the Organising Secretary for the group until 1985.
Henderson Street is a street in Leith, a district of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Henry Robb, Limited, known colloquially as Robbs, was a Scottish shipbuilding company based at Leith Docks in Edinburgh.
Hibernian Football Club, commonly known as Hibs, is a Scottish professional football club based in Leith in the north of Edinburgh.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Her Majesty's Yacht Britannia, also known as the Royal Yacht Britannia, is the former royal yacht of the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in service from 1954 until 1997.
Holyrood Abbey is a ruined abbey of the Canons Regular in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Palace of Holyroodhouse, commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland, Queen Elizabeth II.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
Hugo Arnot of Balcormo (1749-1786) was a Scottish advocate, writer, and campaigner.
A ḥosayniya (حسینیه hoseyniye), also known as an ashurkhana, imambargah, or imambara, is a congregation hall for Shi'i commemoration ceremonies, especially those associated with the Mourning of Muharram.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
Irvine Welsh (born 27 September 1958) is a Scottish novelist, playwright and short story writer.
Joanne Rowling, ("rolling";Rowling, J.K. (16 February 2007).. Accio Quote (accio-quote.org). Retrieved 28 April 2008. born 31 July 1965), writing under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist, philanthropist, film and television producer and screenwriter best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series.
James "Jimmy" Brown (1907 – unknown) was a Scottish footballer who played at right half-back.
James Campbell Irons FRSE SSC (1840-1910) was a Scottish lawyer, historical author and amateur geologist.
James Craig (31 October 1739 – 23 June 1795) was a Scottish architect who worked mostly in lowlands of the country and especially his native city of Edinburgh.
James Currie FRSE MA LLD JP (1863-1930) was owner and senior partner of the international shipping company, the Currie Line plus a keen amateur botanist, mineralogist and archaeologist, making sufficient impact on the Scottish world of science as to rise to be President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
James Morton (22 August 1885 – 29 July 1926) was a Scottish professional footballer who played for Hibernian, Bradford City, Stoke City, Tottenham Hotspur, St Bernard's, Bathgate, Barnsley and Bristol City.
James Pringle FRSE FRSGS (1822–1886) was a Scottish rope manufacturer who served as Provost of Leith 1881 until 1886.
Dr James Scarth Combe FRSE, FRCSE (1796–1883) was a Scottish surgeon.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
John Armstrong (1771–1797), was a Scottish journalist and poet.
John Barry (March 25, 1745 – September 13, 1803) was an officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War and later in the United States Navy.
Dr John Cheyne FRSE (3 February 1777 – 31 January 1836) was a British physician, surgeon and author of monographs on a number of medical topics.
John Chisholm, 16th-century Scottish soldier and chief officer, Comptroller and Prefect of the Scottish artillery for Mary, Queen of Scots and James VI of Scotland, and keeper of the King's Wark in Leith.
John Coldstream (1806–1863) was a Scottish physician.
John Hall (ca. 1559 – August 1627) was the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, meeting in Burntisland in 1601.
Rev John Home FRSE (13 September 1722 – 4 September 1808) was a Scottish minister, soldier and author.
John Hughes (born 9 September 1964 in Edinburgh) is a Scottish professional football player and manager.
Vice Admiral John Hunter (29 August 1737 – 13 March 1821) was an officer of the Royal Navy, who succeeded Arthur Phillip as the second governor of New South Wales, Australia and served as such from 1795 to 1800.
John Paul Jones (born John Paul; July 6, 1747 July 18, 1792) was the United States' first well-known naval commander in the American Revolutionary War.
Prof John McDougal Russell Greig CBE FRSE (September 1889-1 May 1963) was a Scottish veterinarian who was Director of the Moredun Research Institute from 1930 to 1954.
København was a Danish five-masted barque used as a naval training vessel until its disappearance after December 22, 1928.
Kirk is a Scottish and Northern English word meaning "church", or more specifically, the Church of Scotland.
Lagavulin distillery is an Islay single malt Scotch whisky distillery in Lagavulin on the island of Islay, Scotland.
Laphroaig distillery is an Islay single malt Scotch whisky distillery.
Leigh Griffiths (born 20 August 1990) is a Scottish professional footballer who plays as a striker for Scottish Premiership club Celtic and the Scottish national team.
Leith Academy is a state school in Leith, Edinburgh.
Leith Athletic Football Club is a football club based in the Leith area of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Leith Central Railway Station was a railway station in Leith, Scotland.
Leith Citadel, renamed in 1952 from North Leith, was an early railway terminus in Leith, Scotland.
Leith Corporation Tramways operated a passenger tramway service in Leith between 1904 and 1920.
The Leith dockers strike of 1913 was a strike of the dockers of Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland, from 26 June to 14 August 1913.
The Leith Festival is an arts festival held in the Leith area of Edinburgh and takes place mainly in the EH6 and EH7 postcodes of Edinburgh which cover the old burgh of Leith.
Leith Harbour, also known as Port Leith, was a whaling station on the northeast coast of South Georgia, established and operated by Christian Salvesen Ltd, Edinburgh.
Leith Library is one of Edinburgh's 28 freely-accessible libraries.
Leith Links (Fìghdean Lìte) is the principal open space within Leith, the docks district of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Leith Races were the most important horse racing event in Scotland in the eighteenth century.
Leith Roads is a stretch of water off the coastal town of Leith, Scotland.
Leith School of Art (LSA) is an independent art college in Edinburgh, Scotland, providing tertiary education in art and design.
Leith Walk is one of the longest streets in Edinburgh, Scotland, and is the main road connecting the port area of Leith to the centre of the city.
In a limited company, the liability of members or subscribers of the company is limited to what they have invested or guaranteed to the company.
The Lord High Admiral of Scotland was one of the Great Officers of State of the Kingdom of Scotland before the Union with England in 1707.
The Right Honourable Lord Provost of Edinburgh is the convener of the City of Edinburgh local authority.
A Lord Provost (Scottish Gaelic: Àrd-Phrobhaist) is convenor of the local authority, the civic head and the lord-lieutenant of one of the principal cities of Scotland.
The Lords of the Congregation, originally styling themselves "the Faithful Congregation of Christ Jesus in Scotland", were a group of Protestant Scottish nobles who in the mid-16th century favoured a reformation of the church according to Protestant principles and a Scottish-English alliance.
Lothian Buses is the largest municipal bus company in the United Kingdom.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law.
Sir Malcolm Smith (1 December 1856 – 12 March 1935) was a Scottish Liberal Party politician.
The Marian civil war in Scotland (1568–1573) was a period of conflict which followed the abdication of Mary, Queen of Scots, and her escape from Loch Leven Castle in May 1568.
Brigadier Martin Melvin Cruickshank CIE FRSE FRCSE FACS FICS (1888-1964) was a Scottish surgeon, specialising in ophthalmic surgery.
Mary of Guise (Marie; 22 November 1515 – 11 June 1560), also called Mary of Lorraine, ruled Scotland as regent from 1554 until her death.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Mercantilism is a national economic policy designed to maximize the trade of a nation and, historically, to maximize the accumulation of gold and silver (as well as crops).
Midlothian (Midlowden, Meadhan Lodainn) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, UK.
The Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is the minister or elder chosen to moderate (chair) the annual General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, which is held for a week in Edinburgh every year.
The Moredun Research Institute is a scientific research institution based at the Pentlands Science Park, in the Bush Estate area of Midlothian, Scotland.
An MTV Europe Music Award (commonly abbreviated as a EMAs) is an award presented by Viacom International Media Networks to honour artists and music in pop culture.
Muirfield is a privately owned links which is the home of The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers.
Musselburgh Links, The Old Golf Course in Musselburgh, East Lothian, Scotland, is generally accepted as being one of the oldest golf courses in the world.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland, was formed in 2006 with the merger of the new Museum of Scotland, with collections relating to Scottish antiquities, culture and history, and the adjacent Royal Museum (so renamed in 1995), with collections covering science and technology, natural history, and world cultures.
National service is a system of either compulsory or voluntary government service, usually military service.
Neil Robert Smith (18 June 1954 – 29 September 2012) was a Scottish geographer and academic.
North Leith Parish Church is a congregation of the Church of Scotland, within the Presbytery of Edinburgh.
The Norwegian Church Abroad or The Norwegian Seamen’s Church (Sjømannskirken) is a religious organisation serving Norwegians and other Scandinavians travelling abroad.
Ocean Terminal located in the Leith area of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a shopping centre, designed by Sir Terence Conran.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
Patrick McCabe Buckley (31 January 1925 – 4 November 2008) was a Scottish footballer, who played for Bo'ness United, St Johnstone, Aberdeen and the Scotland national team.
The patent slip or marine railway is an inclined plane extending from shoreline into water, featuring a "cradle" onto which a ship is first floated, and a mechanism to haul the ship, attached to the cradle, out of the water onto a slip.
Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
Sir Peter Heatly, CBE, DL (9 June 1924 – 17 September 2015) was a Scottish diver and Chairman of the Commonwealth Games Federation.
Peterborough United Football Club is a professional football club based in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.
Pilrig is a suburb of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
The politics of Edinburgh, are expressed in the deliberations and decisions of the City of Edinburgh Council, in elections to the council, the Scottish Parliament, the House of Commons and the European Parliament.
Pop art is an art movement that emerged in Britain and the United States during the mid- to late-1950s.
Portobello is a coastal suburb of Edinburgh.
The Queen's Police Medal (QPM) is awarded to police officers in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations, for gallantry or distinguished service.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
A regent (from the Latin regens: ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.
Restalrig is a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland (historically, an estate and independent parish).
Sir Richard Mackie KONS COCI (1851–1923) was a 19th century Scottish businessman involved in ship brokerage and coal exporter who served as Provost of Leith from 1899 to 1908.
Robert Barton of Over Barnton (died 1540) was a Scottish landowner, merchant, sailor and politician.
Robert James Blair Cunynghame of Cronan FRSE JP (1841–1903) was a prominent Scottish surgeon, physiologist and early forensic scientist in the later 19th century.
Robert Jameson Professor Robert Jameson FRS FRSE (11 July 1774 – 19 April 1854) was a Scottish naturalist and mineralogist.
Rose's lime juice, often known simply as Rose's, is a concentrated fruit juice patented in 1867.
The Royal Society of Edinburgh is Scotland's national academy of science and letters.
The rules of golf consist of a standard set of regulations and procedures by which the sport of golf should be played and prescribe penalties for rule infractions.
Sam McCluskie (11 August 1932–15 September 1995) was a British Labour Party politician and trade unionist.
The Scottish Government (Riaghaltas na h-Alba; Scots Govrenment) is the executive of the devolved Scottish Parliament.
The Scottish Labour Party (Pàrtaidh Làbarach na h-Alba, Scots Labour Pairty; branded Scottish Labour) is the devolved Scotland section of the United Kingdom Labour Party.
Scottish national identity is a term referring to the sense of national identity, as embodied in the shared and characteristic culture, languages and traditions, of the Scottish people.
The Scottish Office was a department of the United Kingdom Government from 1885 until 1999, exercising a wide range of government functions in relation to Scotland under the control of the Secretary of State for Scotland.
The Scottish Premiership, known for sponsorship reasons as the Ladbrokes Premiership, is the top division of the Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL), the league competition for men's professional football clubs in Scotland.
The Scottish Reformation was the process by which Scotland broke with the Papacy and developed a predominantly Calvinist national Kirk (church), which was strongly Presbyterian in outlook.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
The counties or shires of Scotland (Siorrachdan na h-Alba) are geographic subdivisions of Scotland established in the Middle Ages.
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.
The Siege of Leith ended a twelve-year encampment of French troops at Leith, the port near Edinburgh, Scotland.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Sir John Gladstone of Fasque, 1st Baronet, FRSE LLD (11 December 1764 – 7 December 1851) was a Scottish merchant, slave-trader, Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.
Skagboys is a 2012 novel by Scottish writer Irvine Welsh.
Slum clearance, slum eviction or slum removal is an urban renewal strategy used to transform low income settlements with poor reputation into another type of development or housing.
Snooker is a cue sport which originated among British Army officers stationed in India in the latter half of the 19th century.
South Leith Parish Church, originally the Kirk of Our Lady, is a congregation of the Church of Scotland.
Queensferry, also called South Queensferry or simply "The Ferry", is a town to the west of Edinburgh, Scotland, traditionally a royal burgh of West Lothian.
SS Great Western of 1838, was an oak-hulled paddle-wheel steamship, the first steamship purpose-built for crossing the Atlantic, and the initial unit of the Great Western Steamship Company.
Sirius was a side-wheel wooden-hulled steamship built in 1837 for the London-Cork route operated by the Saint George Steam Packet Company.
St Mary Star of the Sea Church is a Roman Catholic Parish church in the Leith district of Edinburgh, Scotland.
For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as "council areas", which are all governed by single-tier authorities designated as "councils".
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
Talisker distillery is an Island single malt Scotch whisky distillery based in Carbost, Scotland on the Isle of Skye.
The Proclaimers are a Scottish duo composed of the identical twin brothers Charlie and Craig Reid (born 5 March 1962).
The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews is the oldest and most prestigious golf club in the world.
Thomas Anderson (2 July 1819 – 2 November 1874) was a 19th-century Scottish chemist.
Thomas Gladstones (3 June 1732 – 12 May 1809) was a Scottish merchant and philanthropist.
Thomas Hastie Bell (1867–1942) was a Scottish anarchist.
Sir Thomas Jamieson Boyd, (22 February 1818–22 August 1902) publisher and philanthropist, was Lord Provost of Edinburgh from 1877 to 1882.
Thomas Aitchison Latta (1796 – 19 October 1833) was a medical pioneer who was responsible for the introduction of the saline solution ("saline drip") methodology into the treatment of patients.
Thomas Morton (8 October 1781 – 24 December 1832) was a Scottish shipwright and inventor.
Timber Bush is an area of Leith, the port town of Edinburgh, Scotland, north of Bernard Street.
A toll bridge is a bridge where a monetary charge (or "toll") is required to pass over.
Sir Thomas "Tom" Farmer, (born 10 July 1940) is a Scottish entrepreneur.
Trainspotting is the first novel by Scottish writer Irvine Welsh, first published in 1993.
The Treasurer was a senior post in the pre-Union government of Scotland, the Privy Council of Scotland.
The Treaty of Edinburgh (also known as the Treaty of Leith) was a treaty drawn up on 5 July 1560 between the Commissioners of Queen Elizabeth I of England with the assent of the Scottish Lords of the Congregation, and the French representatives of King Francis II of France (husband of Mary Queen of Scots) to formally conclude the Siege of Leith and replace the Auld Alliance with France with a new Anglo-Scottish accord, while maintaining the peace between England and France agreed by the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis.
Trinity House, 99 Kirkgate, is a category A listed building in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland, which was a guild hall, customs house, and centre for maritime administration and poor relief.
The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) (Ecclesia Graeco-Catholica Ucrainae) is a Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See.
Oliver Sabin, formerly known as Unicorn Kid, is a Scottish electronic music/chip music composer and musician from Edinburgh, educated at Leith Academy.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Vat 69 is a Scotch blended whisky created by William Sanderson & Son Limited of South Queensferry, Scotland, now part of Diageo.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The visit of King George IV to Scotland in 1822 was the first visit of a reigning monarch to Scotland in nearly two centuries, the last being by King Charles I for his Scottish coronation in 1633.
Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, of which pernicious anemia is a type, is a disease in which not enough red blood cells are produced due to a deficiency of vitamin B12.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
The Water of Leith is the main river flowing through Edinburgh, Scotland, to the port of Leith where it flows into the sea via the Firth of Forth.
In many countries (such as Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and United States), a white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
William Henry Johnston VC (21 December 1879 – 8 June 1915) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
William Jameson CIE FRSE (1815-1882) was a Scottish physician and botanist linked to the massive spread of tea plantations in North India in the 19th century.
William Lindsay FRSE SSC (1819-1884) was a Scottish shipowner who served as Provost of Leith from 1860 to 1866.
William Lindsay Alexander FRSE (24 August 1808 – 20 December 1884) was a Scottish church leader.
William Maitland (c.1693–1757) was a Scottish merchant, known as a historian and topographer.
William Merrilees OBE QPM (24 September 1898 – 21 August 1984) was Chief Constable of the Lothians and Peebles Constabulary from 1950 to 1968.
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.