90 relations: Aiglon College, Albania, Albanian Civil War, Albanian Kingdom (1928–39), Albanian monarchy referendum, 1997, Albanians, Ascot, Berkshire, Assembly hall, Australians, Bagrationi dynasty, Bazooka, BBC News Online, Berkshire, Biarritz, British Army, Bryanston, Gauteng, Buckinghamshire, Civil ceremony, Coalition, Count, Crown prince, Diplomatic recognition, Egypt, England, Europe, Farouk of Egypt, Frieth, Gabon, Geraldine of Albania, Government in exile, Government of South Africa, Government of Spain, Hôtel Le Bristol Paris, Heir apparent, House of Romanov, House of Savoy, House of Zogu, Italian invasion of Albania, Johannesburg, Juan Carlos I of Spain, King of Albania, King of Italy, Legality Movement Party, Leka, Crown Prince of Albania (born 1982), Line of succession to the former Albanian throne, London, Madrid, Mat District, Mausoleum of the Albanian Royal Family, Monarchy, ..., National Review, Order of Fidelity, Order of Saint Vladimir, Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Order of Skanderbeg (1925–90), Order of the Eagle of Georgia, Ottoman Empire, Paris, Parmoor, Passport, Politics of Albania, Presidential Palace, Tirana, Prince, Queen Mother Sadije, Rhodesia, Robert Mugabe, Royal family, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Seat of local government, Sedition, Skanderbeg, Sorbonne, South Ascot, Sunni Islam, Susan of Albania, Switzerland, Thai people, The Economist, The Ritz Hotel, London, Time (magazine), Tirana, Tirana County, United Kingdom, University Medical Center of Tirana "Mother Teresa", Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, Villars-sur-Ollon, Weapon, Xhelal Pasha Zogolli, Xhemal Pasha Zogu, Zog I of Albania. Expand index (40 more) » « Shrink index
Aiglon College is a private co-educational boarding school in Switzerland, broadly modelled on British boarding school lines.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
The Albanian Civil War, also known as the Albanian rebellion, Albanian unrest or the Pyramid crisis, was a period of civil disorder in Albania in 1997, sparked by Ponzi scheme failures.
The Kingdom of Albania (Gheg Albanian: Mbretnija Shqiptare, Standard Albanian: Mbretëria Shqiptare) was the official name of Albania between 1928 and 1939.
A referendum on restoring the monarchy was held in Albania on 29 June 1997 alongside parliamentary elections.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
Ascot is a small town in East Berkshire, England, south of Windsor, east of Bracknell and west of London.
An assembly hall is a kind of function hall, a large room used to hold public meetings or meetings of the members of an organization such as a school, church, or deliberative assembly.
Australians, colloquially known as Aussies, are people associated with Australia, sharing a common history, culture, and language (Australian English).
The Bagrationi dynasty (bagrat’ioni) is a royal family that reigned in Georgia from the Middle Ages until the early 19th century, being among the oldest extant Christian ruling dynasties in the world. In modern usage, this royal line is often referred to as the Georgian Bagratids (a Hellenized form of their dynastic name), also known in English as the Bagrations. The common origin with the Armenian Bagratuni dynasty has been accepted by several scholars Toumanoff, Cyril, "Armenia and Georgia", in The Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge, 1966, vol. IV, p. 609. Accessible online at (Although, other sources claim, that dynasty had Georgian roots). Early Georgian Bagratids through dynastic marriage gained the Principality of Iberia after succeeding Chosroid dynasty at the end of the 8th century. In 888, the Georgian monarchy was restored and united various native polities into the Kingdom of Georgia, which prospered from the 11th to the 13th century. This period of time, particularly the reigns of David IV the Builder (1089–1125) and his great granddaughter Tamar the Great (1184–1213) inaugurated the Georgian Golden Age in the history of Georgia.Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh. "Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume II Africa & the Middle East, 1980, pp. 56-67 After fragmentation of the unified Kingdom of Georgia in the late 15th century, the branches of the Bagrationi dynasty ruled the three breakaway Georgian kingdoms, Kingdom of Kartli, Kingdom of Kakheti, and Kingdom of Imereti, until Russian annexation in the early 19th century. While the Treaty of Georgievsk's 3rd Article guaranteed continued sovereignty for the Bagrationi dynasty and their continued presence on the Georgian Throne, the Russian Imperial Crown later broke the terms of the treaty, and their treaty became an illegal annexation. The dynasty persisted within the Russian Empire as an Imperial Russian noble family until the 1917 February Revolution. The establishment of Soviet rule in Georgia in 1921 forced some members of the family to accept demoted status and loss of property in Georgia, others relocated to Western Europe, although some repatriated after Georgian independence in 1991.
Bazooka is the common name for a man-portable recoilless anti-tank rocket launcher weapon, widely fielded by the United States Army.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
Biarritz (Biarritz or Miarritze; Gascon Biàrritz) is a city on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the French Basque Country in Southwestern France.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Bryanston, Gauteng is an affluent residential suburb of Sandton, South Africa.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
A civil, or registrar, ceremony is a non-religious legal marriage ceremony performed by a government official or functionary.
The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc.
Count (Male) or Countess (Female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Diplomatic recognition in international law is a unilateral political act with domestic and international legal consequences, whereby a state acknowledges an act or status of another state or government in control of a state (may be also a recognized state).
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Farouk I (فاروق الأول Fārūq al-Awwal; 11 February 1920 – 18 March 1965) was the tenth ruler of Egypt from the Muhammad Ali dynasty and the penultimate King of Egypt and the Sudan, succeeding his father, Fuad I, in 1936.
Frieth is a village in the parish of Hambleden, in Buckinghamshire, England.
Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic (République gabonaise), is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa.
Countess Géraldine Margit Virginia Olga Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony (6 August 1915 – 22 October 2002) was the Queen consort of King Zog I of Albania and the mother of Leka I, Crown Prince of Albania.
A government in exile is a political group which claims to be a country or semi-sovereign state's legitimate government, but is unable to exercise legal power and instead resides in another state or foreign country.
The Republic of South Africa is a parliamentary republic with three-tier system of government and an independent judiciary, operating in a parliamentary system.
The Government of Spain (Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain.
Hôtel Le Bristol is a five star hotel located in Paris, France at 112 rue du Faubourg Saint Honoré, in the heart of the fashion, design, and art district.
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person.
The House of Romanov (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. also Romanoff; Рома́новы, Románovy) was the second dynasty to rule Russia, after the House of Rurik, reigning from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the February Revolution.
The House of Savoy (Casa Savoia) is a royal family that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region. Through gradual expansion, the family grew in power from ruling a small county in the Alps of northern Italy to absolute rule of the kingdom of Sicily in 1713 to 1720 (exchanged for Sardinia). Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946 and, briefly, the Kingdom of Spain in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.
The House of Zogu is an Albanian dynasty founded in the early 20th century.
The Italian invasion of Albania (April 7–12, 1939) was a brief military campaign by the Kingdom of Italy against the Albanian Kingdom.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born 5 January 1938) reigned as King of Spain from 1975 until his abdication in 2014.
While the medieval Angevin Kingdom of Albania was a monarchy, it did not encompass the entirety of the modern state of Albania.
King of Italy (Latin: Rex Italiae; Italian: Re d'Italia) was the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom of Italy after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
The Legality Movement Party (LMP) (or PLL) is a right-wing monarchist political party in Albania, led by Sulejman Gjana.
Prince Leka of Albania (Leka Anwar Zog Reza Baudouin Msiziwe Zogu, born 26 March 1982) is the only child of the first Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, and Susan Cullen-Ward.
The line of succession to the former Albanian throne is an ordered list of those eligible to succeed to the headship of the Royal House of Albania, grand mastership of the dynastic orders and ascend the throne of Albania in the event the monarchy is restored.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Mat District was one of the thirty-six districts of Albania (which were dissolved in 2000) that is now part of Dibër County.
The Mausoleum of the Albanian Royal Family is a building in Tirana, capital of Albania, which holds the remains of King Zog and other members of his family.
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.
National Review (NR) is an American semi-monthly conservative editorial magazine focusing on news and commentary pieces on political, social, and cultural affairs.
The Order of Fidelity (Urdhëri i Besa), also known as the Order of Besa, was established by Ahmet Zogu (later King Zog I) when he was President of Albania.
The Order of Saint Vladimir (Орден Святого Владимира) was an Imperial Russian Order established in 1782 by Empress Catherine II (r. 1762–1796) in memory of the deeds of Saint Vladimir, the Grand Prince and the Baptizer of the Kievan Rus'.
The Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro) is a Roman Catholic dynastic order of knighthood bestowed by the House of Savoy, founded in 1572 by Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, through amalgamation approved by Pope Gregory XIII of the Order of Saint Maurice, founded in 1434, with the medieval Order of Saint Lazarus, founded circa 1119, considered its sole legitimate successor.
The Order of Skanderbeg (Urdhëri i Skënderbeut) was originally instituted in 1925 as an order of merit of the Albanian Republic.
The Order of the Eagle of Georgia and the Seamless Tunic of Our Lord Jesus Christ, commonly known as the Order of the Eagle of Georgia (OEG), is the highest order of chivalry awarded by the House of Bagration, whose Chief and Grand Master is Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani, Duke of Lasos, Prince of Kakheti, Prince of Kartli and Prince of Mukhrani.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Parmoor is a hamlet to the south of Frieth in the parish of Hambleden, in Buckinghamshire, England.
A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel.
Albania is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, where the President of Albania is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Albania the head of government in a multi-party system.
The Presidential Palace, formerly the Royal Palace and popularly known as the Palace of Brigades, is the official residence of the president of Albania.
A prince is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family ranked below a king and above a duke.
Queen Mother Sadijé, born as Sadiya Toptani Khanum (Sadijé Hanem) (Nëna Mbretëreshë e Shqiptarëve Sadije; Tirana, August 28, 1876 – Durrës, November 25, 1934) was the Queen Mother of the Albanians from September 1928 until her death in 1934.
Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.
Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a former Zimbabwean politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017.
A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family.
The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS or RMA Sandhurst), commonly known simply as Sandhurst, is one of several military academies of the United Kingdom and is the British Army's initial officer training centre.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
Sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order.
George Castriot (Gjergj Kastrioti, 6 May 1405 – 17 January 1468), known as Skanderbeg (Skënderbej or Skënderbeu from اسکندر بگ İskender Bey), was an Albanian nobleman and military commander, who served the Ottoman Empire in 1423–43, the Republic of Venice in 1443–47, and lastly the Kingdom of Naples until his death.
The Sorbonne is an edifice of the Latin Quarter, in Paris, France, which was the historical house of the former University of Paris.
South Ascot is a village just south of and down the hill from the small town of Ascot in the English county of Berkshire.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
Queen Susan of the Albanians (née Susan Cullen-Ward, formerly Williams; 28 January 1941 – 17 July 2004), also known as Susan Barbara Zogu (Albanian: Suzana Zog, Mbretëreshë e Shqiptarëve), was the Australian-born wife of Leka, Crown Prince of Albania.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Thai people or the Thais (ชาวไทย), also known as Siamese (ไทยสยาม), are a nation and Tai ethnic group native to Southeast Asia, primarily living mainly Central Thailand (Siamese proper).
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Ritz London is a Grade II listed 5-star hotel located in Piccadilly in London, England.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tirana (—; Tiranë; Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of Albania.
Tirana County (Qarku i Tiranës) is one of the 12 counties of the Republic of Albania, with the capital in Tirana.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
University Medical Center "Mother Teresa" (QSUT) is a central hospital in Tirana, Albania.
Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Vittorio Emanuele III, Viktor Emanueli III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946.
Villars-sur-Ollon, commonly referred to as Villars, is a village in Switzerland in the canton of Vaud, part of the municipality of Ollon.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
Xhelal Pasha Zogolli was hereditary governor of Mati, father of Xhemal Pasha Zogu and grandfather of King Zog I.
Xhemal Pasha Zogu (1860–1911), also known as Jamal Pasha or Jamal Pasha Zogolli, was the Hereditary Governor of Mati, Albania (at the time part of the Ottoman Empire).
Zog I, King of the Albanians (Nalt Madhnija e Tij Zogu I, Mbreti i Shqiptareve,; 8 October 18959 April 1961), born Ahmet Muhtar Zogolli, taking the surname Zogu in 1922, was the leader of Albania from 1922 to 1939.
Crown Prince Leka of Albania, King Leeka I., King Leka, King Leka Zog I, King Leka of Albania, Leka Crown Prince of Albania, Leka I, Leka I of Albania, Leka I of the Albanians, Leka I, Crown Prince of Albania, Leka Zog, Leka Zogu, Leka of Albania, Leka, Crown Prince of Albania (1939-2011), Leka, Crown Prince of Albania (1939–2011), Medieval Albanian pedigree of Leka, Medieval Albanian pedigree of Leka Zogu.