66 relations: Africa, Americas, Asia, Atlantis, Australia, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Biogeography, Biology, Continent, Continental drift, Cradle of civilization, Darwinism, Devaneya Pavanar, Dinosaur, Doggerland, Ernst Haeckel, Evolution, Evolution of lemurs, Fossil, Geology, Gondwana, Hypothesis, India, J. Z. Knight, Jane Roberts, JOIDES Resolution, Kerguelen Plateau, Kumari Kandam, L. Sprague de Camp, Land bridge, Legends of Mount Shasta, Lemur, Lemuria in popular culture, Lost city, Lost Continents, Lost lands, Madagascar, Mammal, Mauritia (microcontinent), Mauritius, Melchior Neumayr, Middle East, Mu (lost continent), New Age, Occult, Pangaea, Phantom island, Philip Sclater, Plate tectonics, Pole shift hypothesis, ..., Pollen, Quarterly Journal of Science, Representations, Scientific theory, Sediment, Species, Supercontinent, Taxonomy (biology), The Journal of Asian Studies, Theory, Theosophy (Blavatskian), Thesis, Thule, Zealandia, Zoology, 19th century in science. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Atlantis (Ἀτλαντὶς νῆσος, "island of Atlas") is a fictional island mentioned within an allegory on the hubris of nations in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias, where it represents the antagonist naval power that besieges "Ancient Athens", the pseudo-historic embodiment of Plato's ideal state in The Republic.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (15 April 1772 – 19 June 1844) was a French naturalist who established the principle of "unity of composition".
Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
A continent is one of several very large landmasses of the world.
Continental drift is the movement of the Earth's continents relative to each other, thus appearing to "drift" across the ocean bed.
The term "cradle of civilization" refers to locations where, according to current archeological data, civilization is understood to have emerged.
Darwinism is a theory of biological evolution developed by the English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and others, stating that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual's ability to compete, survive, and reproduce.
Devaneya Pavanar (Tamil:. தேவநேயப் பாவாணர்;; also known as G. Devaneyan, Ñanamuttan Tevaneyan; 7 February 1902–15 January 1981) was a prominent Indian Tamil author who wrote over 35 books.
Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.
Doggerland is the name of a land mass now beneath the southern North Sea that connected Great Britain to continental Europe.
Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist, and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including anthropogeny, ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista. Haeckel promoted and popularised Charles Darwin's work in Germany and developed the influential but no longer widely held recapitulation theory ("ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny") claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarises its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
The evolutionary history of lemurs occurred in isolation from other primates, on the island of Madagascar, for at least 40 million years.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Judy Zebra "JZ" Knight (born Judith Darlene Hampton; March 16, 1946) is an American New Age teacher and author known for her purported channelling of a spiritual entity named Ramtha.
Dorothy Jane Roberts (May 8, 1929 – September 5, 1984) was an American author, poet, self-proclaimed psychic, and spirit medium, who claimed to channel an energy personality who called himself "Seth." Her publication of the Seth texts, known as the Seth Material, established her as one of the preeminent figures in the world of paranormal phenomena.
Drillship ''JOIDES Resolution'' in 1988 The riserless research vessel JOIDES Resolution (Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling), often referred to as the JR, is one of the scientific drilling ships used by the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP), an international, multi-drilling platform research program.
The Kerguelen Plateau is an oceanic plateau and a large igneous province (LIP) in the southern Indian Ocean.
Kumari Kandam (குமரிக்கண்டம்) refers to a mythical lost continent with an ancient Tamil civilization, located south of present-day India, in the Indian Ocean.
Lyon Sprague de Camp (27 November 1907 – 6 November 2000), better known as L. Sprague de Camp, was an American writer of science fiction, fantasy and non-fiction.
A land bridge, in biogeography, is an isthmus or wider land connection between otherwise separate areas, over which animals and plants are able to cross and colonise new lands.
California's Mount Shasta has been the subject of an unusually large number of myths and legends.
Lemurs are a clade of strepsirrhine primates endemic to the island of Madagascar.
Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical "lost land" variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
A lost city is a settlement that fell into terminal decline and became extensively or completely uninhabited, with the consequence that the site's former significance was no longer known to the wider world.
Lost Continents: The Atlantis Theme in History, Science, and Literature is a study by L. Sprague de Camp.
Lost lands can be continents, islands or other regions existing during prehistory, having since disappeared as a result of catastrophic geological phenomena or slowly rising sea levels since the end of the last Ice Age.
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
Mauritia was a Precambrian microcontinent that broke away as India and Madagascar separated some 60 million years ago.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
Melchior Neumayr (October 24, 1845 in Munich – January 29, 1890), Austrian palaeontologist, the son of Max von Neumayr, a Bavarian Minister of State.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Mu is the name of a suggested lost continent whose concept and name were proposed by 19th-century traveler and writer Augustus Le Plongeon, who claimed that several ancient civilizations, such as those of Egypt and Mesoamerica, were created by refugees from Mu—which he located in the Atlantic Ocean.
New Age is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.
The term occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".
Pangaea or Pangea was a supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras.
A phantom island is a purported island that appeared on maps for a period of time (sometimes centuries) during recorded history, but was removed from later maps after it was proven not to exist.
Philip Lutley Sclater (4 November 1829 – 27 June 1913) was an English lawyer and zoologist.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
The cataclysmic pole shift hypothesis suggests that there have been geologically rapid shifts in the relative positions of the modern-day geographic locations of the poles and the axis of rotation of the Earth, creating calamities such as floods and tectonic events.
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).
Quarterly Journal of Science was the title of two British scientific periodicals of the 19th century.
Representations is an interdisciplinary journal in the humanities published quarterly by the University of California Press.
A scientific theory is an explanation of an aspect of the natural world that can be repeatedly tested, in accordance with the scientific method, using a predefined protocol of observation and experiment.
Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
In geology, a supercontinent is the assembly of most or all of Earth's continental blocks or cratons to form a single large landmass.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
The Journal of Asian Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Association for Asian Studies, covering Asian studies, ranging from history, the arts, social sciences, to philosophy of East, South, and Southeast Asia.
A theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking.
Theosophy is an esoteric religious movement established in the United States during the late nineteenth century.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.
Thule (Θούλη, Thoúlē; Thule, Tile) was the place located furthest north, which was mentioned in ancient Greek and Roman literature and cartography.
Zealandia, also known as the New Zealand continent or Tasmantis is an almost entirely submerged mass of continental crust that sank after breaking away from Australia 60–85 million years ago, having separated from Antarctica between 85 and 130 million years ago.
Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.
The 19th century in science saw the birth of science as a profession; the term scientist was coined in 1833 by William Whewell, which soon replaced the older term of (natural) philosopher.