82 relations: Agniya Barto, AK-47, Aleksandr Chernyshyov, Aleksei Pogorelov, Alexander Bereznyak, Alexander Davydov, Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Alykul Osmonov, Anatol Zhabotinsky, And Quiet Flows the Don, Andrey Kolmogorov, Antonina Prikhot'ko, Architecture, Ballad of a Soldier, Boris Babayan, Boris Pavlovich Belousov, Chinghiz Aitmatov, Dimitri Nalivkin, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dmitry Okhotsimsky, Emmanuel Rashba, Gavriil Ilizarov, Giorgi Melikishvili, Grigory Chukhray, Hanon Izakson, Igor Grekhov, Igor Moiseyev, Ilya Lifshitz, Innokenty Smoktunovsky, Irena Sedlecká, Juhan Smuul, Konstantin Simonov, Korney Chukovsky, Lenin Peace Prize, Lev Artsimovich, Literature, Mikhail Arkadyevich Svetlov, Mikhail Kalashnikov, Mikhail Leontovich, Mikhail Sholokhov, Mikhail Simonov, Nadezhda Agaltsova, Nikolai Aleksandrovich Nevsky, Nikolai Kravkov, Nikolay Bogolyubov, Nikolay Demyanov, Nikolay Krasovsky, Oleg Firsov, Otar Taktakishvili, P-15 Termit, ..., Pyotr Novikov, Qaysin Quli, Rudolf Muradyan, Russia, Science, Sergei Brukhonenko, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Sergeyev-Tsensky, Sergei Tumansky, Sergey Ivanovich Morozov, Soviet Union, Sviatoslav Richter, Symphony No. 7 (Prokofiev), Technology, The arts, Ulyanovsk Oblast, Undecidable problem, USSR State Prize, Valery Panov, Vladimir Arnold, Vladimir Broude, Vladimir Kotelnikov, Vladimir Lenin, Vladimir Lobashev, Vladimir Marchenko, Vladimir Teplyakov, Vladimir Veksler, Word problem for groups, Yevgeny Vuchetich, Yuri Nikolaevich Denisyuk, Yuri Raizer, Yury Osipov. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
Agniya Lvovna Barto (a; – 1 April 1981) was a Soviet poet and children's writer of Russian Jewish origin.
The AK-47, or AK as it is officially known, also known as the Kalashnikov, is a gas-operated, 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.
Aleksandr Alekseyevich Chernyshov (Александр Андреевич Чернышeв; 21 August 1882 – 28 April 1940), anglicised Alexander Chernyshov, was a Russian electrical engineer.
Aleksei Vasil'evich Pogorelov (Алексе́й Васи́льевич Погоре́лов, Олексі́й Васи́льович Погорє́лов; March 2, 1919 – December 17, 2002), was a Soviet mathematician.
Alexander Yakovlevich Bereznyak) (– 7 July 1974) was a Soviet aircraft and missile designer. He was the Chief Designer of MKB "Raduga", from March 1957. He was born on 29 December 1912 in Boyarkino, Ozerski District, Moscow Region. Alexander Bereznyak was a Soviet aircraft designer, a doctor of technical science (1968), and an honoured worker of science and technology in the RSFSR (1973). He became a member of the CPSU in 1932. He was employed in aviation industries since 1931. Bereznyak was a graduate of the Moscow Aviation Institute named after Ordzhonikidze (1938). He was an engineer in the experimental design bureau of V.F.Bolkhovitinov While working in the bureau, he designed the first soviet jet, the BI-1, which was equipped with liquid fuel to power a rocket engine. The BI-1 was created in 1942 in co-operation with A.M.Isayev). He became Vice-chief designer of OKB-2 in 1946, later to become The chief designer in 1957. In March 1957 he was assigned to lead the newly established MKB Raduga in the village of Ivan'kovo near the town of Dubna This had started in 1951 as Branch 2 of Artem Mikoyan's OKB-155 to produce the KS-1 Kometa AShM. Raduga specialised in a range of tactical missiles Bereznyak was later awarded with the Lenin Prize,the USSR State Prize, the Order of Lenin,the Order of October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, and numerous medals. He died on 7 July 1974 in Dubna, Moscow region.
Alexander Sergeevich Davydov (Александр Сергеевич Давы́дов, Олекса́ндр Сергі́йович Дави́дов) (26 December 1912 – 19 February 1993) was a Soviet and Ukrainian physicist.
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (Алексе́й Алексе́евич Абрико́сов; 25 June 1928 – 29 March 2017) was a Soviet, Russian and AmericanAlexei A. Abrikosov.
Alykul Osmonov (Алыкул Осмонов, 21 March 1915 – 12 December 1950) was a Kyrgyz poet, significant for his efforts to modernizing poetry in Kyrgyzstan.
Anatol Markovich Zhabotinsky (Анато́лий Ма́ркович Жаботи́нский) (January 17, 1938 – September 16, 2008) was a Soviet biophysicist who created a theory of the chemical clock known as Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in the 1960s and published a comprehensive body of experimental data on chemical wave propagation and pattern formation in nonuniform media.
And Quiet Flows the Don or Quietly Flows the Don (Тихий Дон, literally "Quiet Don") is an epic novel in four volumes by Russian writer Mikhail Alexandrovich Sholokhov.
Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (a, 25 April 1903 – 20 October 1987) was a 20th-century Soviet mathematician who made significant contributions to the mathematics of probability theory, topology, intuitionistic logic, turbulence, classical mechanics, algorithmic information theory and computational complexity.
Antonina Fedorovna Prikhot'ko (April 26, 1906 in Pyatigorsk, Russia – September 29, 1995 in Kiev, Ukraine), was a Russian-born Ukrainian Soviet experimental physicist.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Ballad of a Soldier (Баллада о солдате, Ballada o soldate), is a 1959 Soviet film directed by Grigori Chukhrai and starring Vladimir Ivashov and Zhanna Prokhorenko.
Boris Artashesovich Babayan (Բորիս Արտաշեսի Բաբայան; Борис Арташеcович Бабаян; born Baku, 20 December 1933) is an Armenian supercomputer architect, notable as the pioneering creator of supercomputers in the Soviet Union.
Boris Pavlovich Belousov (Бори́с Па́влович Белоу́сов; 19 February 1893 – 12 June 1970) was a Soviet chemist / biophysicist who discovered the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction (BZ reaction) in the early 1950s.
Chyngyz Aitmatov (Чыңгыз Айтматов, Çıñğız Aytmatov, چىڭعىز ايتماتوۋ; Чинги́з Тореку́лович Айтма́тов, Chingiz Torekulovich Aytmatov) (12 December 1928 – 10 June 2008) was a Soviet and Kyrgyz author who wrote in both Russian and Kyrgyz.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Dimitri Vasilievich Nalivkin (1889–1982) was a geologist from the Soviet Union.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Dmitry Yevgenyevich Okhotsimsky (Дми́трий Евге́ньевич Охоци́мский) was a Soviet Russian aerospace engineer and scientist who was the pioneer of space ballistics in the USSR.
Emmanuel I. Rashba (born October 30, 1927, Kiev) is a Soviet-American theoretical physicist of Jewish origin who worked at Ukraine, Russia and the US.
Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (Гавриил Абрамович Илизаров; 15 June 1921 – 24 July 1992) was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery.
Giorgi Melikishvili (გიორგი მელიქიშვილი; Гео́ргий Алекса́ндрович Меликишви́ли; December 30, 1918 – March 27, 2002) was a Georgian historian known for his fundamental works in the history of Georgia, Caucasia and the Middle East.
Grigory Naumovich Chukhray (Григо́рий Нау́мович Чухра́й, Григорiй Наумович Чухрай; 23 May 1921 – 29 October 2001) was a prominent Soviet film director and screenwriter, and a People's Artist of the USSR (1981).
Hanon Ilyich Izakson (Изаксон, Ханон Ильич) (March 15, 1909–April 4, 1985) was a Soviet designer of farm machines who was born in Novo-Bereslav, Kherson Oblast.
Igor Vsevolodovich Grekhov (Игорь Всеволодович Грехов, born 10 September 1934 in Smolensk) is a Soviet and Russian physicist and electrical engineer, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Igor Alexandrovich Moiseyev (Игорь Александрович Моисеев; – 2 November 2007) has been widely acclaimed as the greatest 20th-century choreographer of character dance, a dance style similar to folk dance but with more professionalism and theatrics.
Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz (Илья́ Миха́йлович Ли́фшиц; January 13, 1917 – October 23, 1982) was a leading Soviet theoretical physicist, brother of Evgeny Lifshitz.
Innokenty Mikhaylovich Smoktunovsky (Иннокентий Михайлович Смоктуновский; born Smoktunovich, 28 March 19253 August 1994) was a Soviet actor acclaimed as the "king of Soviet actors".
Irena Sedlecká (born September 7, 1928 in Plzeň, Czechoslovakia) is a Czech sculptor and Fellow of the Royal British Society of Sculptors.
Juhan Smuul (18 February 1922 – 13 April 1971) was an Estonian writer.
Konstantin Mikhailovich Simonov, born Kirill (Константи́н Миха́йлович Си́монов, – 28 August 1979), was a Soviet author and a war poet.
Korney Ivanovich Chukovsky (a; 31 March NS 1882 – 28 October 1969) was one of the most popular children's poets in the Russian language.
The International Lenin Peace Prize (международная Ленинская премия мира, mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya mira) was a Soviet Union award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin.
Lev Andreevich Artsimovich (Арцимович, Лев Андреевич in Russian; also transliterated Arzimowitsch) (February 25, 1909 (NS) – March 1, 1973) was a Soviet physicist, academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1953), member of the Presidium of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1957), and Hero of Socialist Labor (1969).
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
Mikhail Arkadyevich Svetlov (Михаил Аркадьевич Светлов), born Scheinkman (Шейнкман) (Yekaterinoslav, Russian Empire (present Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine) – 28 September 1964, Moscow, RSFSR, USSR) - was a Russian poet.
Lieutenant-General Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov (p; 10 November 1919 – 23 December 2013) was a Russian general, inventor, military engineer and small arms designer.
Mikhail Alexandrovich Leontovich (Михаи́л Алекса́ндрович Леонто́вич, 22 February 1903, St. Petersburg – 30 March 1981, Moscow) was a Soviet dissident, Soviet physicist, member of USSR Academy of Sciences, specializing in plasma and radiophysics.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov (p; – February 21, 1984) was a Soviet/Russian novelist and winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Mikhail Simonov (19 October 1929 – 4 March 2011) was a Russian aircraft designer famed for creating the Sukhoi Su-27 fighter-bomber, the Soviet Union's answer to the American F-15 Eagle.
Nadezhda Alekseyevna Agaltsova (born 1938) is a Russian scientist, the Lenin Prize winner for participation in the development of wide-angle aerial survey lenses of the third, fourth and fifth generations for cartographic purposes.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Nevsky (Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Не́вский; the surname is also transcribed Nevskij;, Yaroslavl - 24 November 1937, Leningrad) was a Russian and Soviet linguist, an expert on a number of East Asian languages.
Nikolai Pavlovich Kravkov (in Russian Николай Павлович Кравков) was a prominent Russian pharmacologist, Full Member of the Imperial Military Medical Academy (1914), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Science (1920), and one of the first laureates of the Lenin Prize (1926).
Nikolay Nikolayevich Bogolyubov (Никола́й Никола́евич Боголю́бов; 21 August 1909 – 13 February 1992), also transliterated as Bogoliubov and Bogolubov, was a Soviet mathematician and theoretical physicist known for a significant contribution to quantum field theory, classical and quantum statistical mechanics, and the theory of dynamical systems; He was the recipient of the 1992 Dirac Prize.
Nikolay Yakovlevich Demyanov (Никола́й Я́ковлевич Демья́нов;, Tver – March 19, 1938, Moscow), also known as Demjanov and Demjanow, was a Russian organic chemist and a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1929).
Nikolay Nikolayevich Krasovsky (Никола́й Никола́евич Красо́вский; September 7, 1924 – April 4, 2012) was a prominent Russian mathematician who worked in the mathematical theory of control, the theory of dynamical systems, and the theory of differential games.
Oleg Borisovich Firsov (Олег Борисович Фирсов, June 13 1915, Petrograd – April 2, 1998, Moscow) – was a Russian Soviet physicist-theorist known for his work on atomic interaction.
Otar Vasilisdze Taktakishvili (ოთარ თაქთაქიშვილი; Отар Васильевич Тактакишвили; 27 July 1924 – 21 February 1989) was a prominent Georgian composer, teacher, conductor, and musicologist of the Soviet period.
The P-15 Termit (П-15 "Термит"; termite) is an anti-ship missile developed by the Soviet Union's Raduga design bureau in the 1950s.
Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov (Пётр Серге́евич Но́виков; 15 August 1901, Moscow, Russian Empire – 9 January 1975, Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Soviet mathematician.
Kaisyn Shuvayevich Kuliev or Qaysin Quli (r; Quliylanı Şuwanı caşı Qaysın; 1 November 1917 – 4 June, 1985) was a Balkar poet.
Rudolf Muradovich Muradyan (born 19 June 1936 in Yerevan, Armenia) is an Armenian theoretical physicist who has done work in elementary particle physics, mathematical physics, and cosmology.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Sergei Sergeyevich Brukhonenko (Серге́й Серге́евич Брюхоненко, 30 April 1890 – 20 April 1960) was a Soviet biomedical scientist and technologist during the Stalinist era.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Sergei Nikolayevich Sergeyev-Tsensky (Серге́й Николаевич Сергеев-Ценский, August 25, 1958) was a prolific Russian and Soviet writer and academician.
Sergei Konstantinovich Tumansky (Серге́й Константинович Туманский) (21 May 1901 – 9 September 1973) was a designer of Soviet aircraft engines and the chief designer in the Tumansky Design Bureau, OKB-300.
Sergey Ivanovich Morozov (Russian — Серге́й Ива́нович Моро́зов) (born 6 September 1959, Ulyanovsk) is the governor of Ulyanovsk Oblast in Russia.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter (svʲjətɐsˈlaf tʲɪɐˈfʲiləvʲɪtɕ ˈrʲixtər; – August 1, 1997) was a Soviet pianist of Russian-German origin, who is generally regarded as one of the greatest pianists of the 20th century.
Sergei Prokofiev's Symphony No.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity found in human societies and cultures.
Ulyanovsk Oblast (Улья́новская о́бласть, Ulyanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
In computability theory and computational complexity theory, an undecidable problem is a decision problem for which it is known to be impossible to construct a single algorithm that always leads to a correct yes-or-no answer.
The USSR State Prize (Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР, Gosudarstvennaya premiya SSSR) was the Soviet Union's state honor.
Valery Matveevich Panov (Валерий Матвеевич Панов; born 12 March 1938) is an Israeli dancer and choreographer.
Vladimir Igorevich Arnold (alternative spelling Arnol'd, Влади́мир И́горевич Арно́льд, 12 June 1937 – 3 June 2010) was a Soviet and Russian mathematician.
Vladimir L'vovich Broude (December 1, 1924, Moscow, Russia – June 22, 1978, Chernogolovka, Russia), was a Soviet experimental physicist of Jewish descent.
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kotelnikov (Russian Владимир Александрович Котельников, scientific transliteration Vladimir Alexandrovič Kotelnikov, 6 September 1908 in Kazan – 11 February 2005 in Moscow) was an information theory and radar astronomy pioneer from the Soviet Union.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Vladimir Mikhailovich Lobashev (July 29, 1934–August 3, 2011) was a Russian physicist and expert in nuclear physics and particle physics.
Vladimir Alexandrovich Marchenko (Влади́мир Алекса́ндрович Ма́рченко, Володимир Олександрович Марченко; born July 7, 1922) is a Soviet and Ukrainian mathematician who specializes in mathematical physics.
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Teplyakov (Владимир Александрович Тепляков) (November 6, 1925 – December 10, 2009) was a Russian experimental physicist known for his work on particle accelerators.
Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler (March 4, 1907 in Zhytomyr, Volhynian Governorate Russian Empire (now Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine) – September 22, 1966 in Moscow, USSR) was a prominent Soviet experimental physicist.
In mathematics, especially in the area of abstract algebra known as combinatorial group theory, the word problem for a finitely generated group G is the algorithmic problem of deciding whether two words in the generators represent the same element.
Yevgeny Viktorovich Vuchetich (–12 April 1974) (Євген Вікторович Вучетич, Evhen Viktorovich Vuchetich; Евгений Викторович Вучетич) was a prominent Soviet sculptor and artist.
Yuri Nikolaevich Denisyuk (July 27, 1927 in Sochi – May 14, 2006 in Saint Petersburg) a Soviet physicist, one of the founders of optical holography.
Yuri Petrovich Raizer (Юрий Петрович Райзер, born January 26, 1927 in Kharkiv, USSR) is a prominent Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist.
Yury Sergeyevich Osipov (Ю́рий Серге́евич О́сипов; born 7 July 1936) is a Soviet and Russian mathematician.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.