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Leopard 1

Index Leopard 1

The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a main battle tank designed and produced in West Germany that first entered service in 1965. [1]

121 relations: AIFV, Alvis plc, AMX-30, AMX-50, Anti-aircraft warfare, Ariete, Armoured recovery vehicle, Armoured vehicle-launched bridge, Army of Republika Srpska, ASELSAN, Atlas Elektronik, Australia, Auxiliary power unit, Balkans, Base Borden Military Museum, Beach armoured recovery vehicle, Belgium, Blohm+Voss, Bosnian War, Bundeswehr, Canada, Canadian Army, Canadian Army Trophy, Canadian dollar, Centurion (tank), CFB Gagetown, Chemical weapon, Chieftain (tank), Chile, Chilean Army, Cold War, Denmark, Displacement (fluid), EMES 15, Fire-control system, Flakpanzer Gepard, FN MAG, France, French Fourth Republic, German Army, Gordon O'Connor, Greece, Helmut Schmidt, Herald Sun, High-explosive anti-tank warhead, Ice, Italian Army, Italy, Kinetic energy penetrator, Kosovo, ..., Kosovo Force, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present), Landing craft, Lebanese Armed Forces, Leopard 2, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), M1 Abrams, M1128 Mobile Gun System, M113 armored personnel carrier, M47 Patton, M48 Patton, M60 Patton, M88 Recovery Vehicle, Main battle tank, Marconi Electronic Systems, Marksman anti-aircraft system, MBT-70, MEXAS, MGM-51 Shillelagh, Military engineering vehicle, Mowag Piranha, MTU Friedrichshafen, Munich, NATO, Netherlands, Night vision, Night vision device, Norway, Nuclear fallout, Operation Amanda, Operation Bøllebank, OTO Melara, Porsche, Regiment Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn – Grenadiers, Returned and Services League of Australia, Rheinmetall, Rheinmetall MG 3, Rifling, Rolled homogeneous armour, Royal Marines, Royal Ordnance L7, Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon, Shaped charge, Sloped armour, Spain, Squadron (army), Stridsvagn 103, T-62, Taliban, Tanque Argentino Mediano, The Tank Museum, Thermal sleeve, TR-85, Tractive force, Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, Triangulation, Turkey, Turkish Land Forces, United Kingdom, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Warsaw Pact, Weapon mount, West Germany, Wire-guided missile, Yom Kippur War, ZSU-23-4, 1/3rd Lancers Battalion, 1st Armoured Regiment (Australia), 2/4th Lancers Regiment, 4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group. Expand index (71 more) »


The AIFV (Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle) is a tracked light armored vehicle that serves as an infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) in the armies of several countries.

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Alvis plc

Alvis Ltd. was created when United Scientific Holdings plc acquired the Alvis division of the nationalised vehicle manufacturer British Leyland in 1981.

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The AMX-30 is a main battle tank designed by Ateliers de construction d'Issy-les-Moulineaux (AMX, then GIAT) and first delivered to the French Army in 1966.

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The AMX 50 (official designation) or AMX-50 was a French heavy tank designed in the immediate post Second World War period.

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Anti-aircraft warfare

Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).

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The C1 Ariete is the main battle tank of the Italian Army, developed by a consortium formed by Iveco-Fiat and Oto Melara (CIO, Consorzio Iveco Oto Melara).

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Armoured recovery vehicle

An armoured recovery vehicle (ARV) is typically a powerful tank or armoured personnel carrier (APC) chassis modified for use during combat for towing or repair of battle-damaged, stuck, and/or inoperable armoured fighting vehicles, such as tanks and armoured personnel carriers (APCs).

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Armoured vehicle-launched bridge

An armoured vehicle-launched bridge (AVLB) is a combat support vehicle, sometimes regarded as a subtype of military engineering vehicle, designed to assist militaries in rapidly deploying tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles across gap-type obstacles, such as (and primarily) rivers.

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Army of Republika Srpska

The Army of Republika Srpska (Војска Републике Српске/Vojska Republike Srpske; ВРС/VRS), commonly referred to in English as the Bosnian Serb Army (BSA), was the military of Republika Srpska (RS), the self-proclaimed Serb secessionist republic, a territory within the newly independent Bosnia and Herzegovina (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Bosnian War (1992–95).

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ASELSAN A.Ş., (ASELSAN, acronym: Askeri Elektronik Sanayi, Military Electronic Industries) is a Turkish corporation that produces tactical military radios and defense electronic systems for the Turkish Armed Forces.

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Atlas Elektronik

Atlas Elektronik is a naval/marine electronics and systems business based in Bremen, Germany.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Auxiliary power unit

An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.

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The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.

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Base Borden Military Museum

Base Borden Military Museum is a military museum located on the grounds of CFB Borden, in Borden, Ontario, Canada.

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Beach armoured recovery vehicle

A beach armoured recovery vehicle (BARV) is an armoured recovery vehicle used for amphibious landings.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Blohm+Voss (B+V), also written historically as Blohm & Voss, Blohm und Voß etc., is a German shipbuilding and engineering company, Founded in Hamburg in 1877 to specialise in steel-hulled ships, its most famous product is the World War II battleship Bismarck.

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Bosnian War

The Bosnian War was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995.

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The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Canadian Army

The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.

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Canadian Army Trophy

The Canadian Army Trophy (CAT) was a tank gunnery competition established to foster excellence, camaraderie and competition among the armoured forces of the NATO countries in Western Europe.

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Canadian dollar

The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.

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Centurion (tank)

The Centurion was the primary British main battle tank of the post-Second World War period.

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CFB Gagetown

5th Canadian Division Support Base (5 CDSB) Gagetown, formerly known as and commonly referred to as CFB Gagetown, is a large Canadian Forces Base covering an area over, located in southwestern New Brunswick.

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Chemical weapon

A chemical weapon (CW) is a specialized munition that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm on humans.

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Chieftain (tank)

The FV4201 Chieftain was the main battle tank of the United Kingdom during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. The main battle tank was further improved by being the first tank in service to incorporate the Chobham armour upgrades. A development of the Centurion, the Chieftain introduced the supine (reclining backwards) driver position to British design enabling a heavily sloped hull with reduced height. A new powerpack and improved transmission gave it higher speed than the Centurion despite being heavier due to major upgrades to armour protection and the armament. It remained in service until replaced by the Challenger 1 which shared a large number of the Chieftain's features.

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Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Chilean Army

The Chilean Army (Ejército de Chile) is the land arm of the Military of Chile.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Displacement (fluid)

In fluid mechanics, displacement occurs when an object is immersed in a fluid, pushing it out of the way and taking its place.

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EMES 15 is a main sight used in Leopard 2 tanks.

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Fire-control system

A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.

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Flakpanzer Gepard

The Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard ("anti-aircraft cannon tank Cheetah", better known as the Flakpanzer Gepard) is an all-weather-capable German self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG).

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The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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French Fourth Republic

The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution.

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German Army

The German Army (Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.

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Gordon O'Connor

Gordon James O'Connor, (born May 18, 1939) is a retired Brigadier-General, businessman, lobbyist, and was a Conservative Member of Parliament from 2004 to 2015.

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No description.

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Helmut Schmidt

Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt (23 December 1918 – 10 November 2015) was a German politician and member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), who served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1974 to 1982.

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Herald Sun

The Herald Sun is a morning newspaper based in Melbourne, Australia published by The Herald and Weekly Times, a subsidiary of News Corp Australia, itself a subsidiary of News Corp. The Herald Sun primarily serves Victoria and shares many articles with other News Corporation daily newspapers, especially those from Australia. It is also available for purchase in Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and border regions of South Australia and southern New South Wales such as the Riverina and NSW South Coast, and is available digitally through its website and apps. In March 2009, the paper had a daily circulation of 530,000 from Monday to Friday.

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High-explosive anti-tank warhead

A high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead is a type of shaped charge explosive that uses the Munroe effect to penetrate thick tank armor.

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Ice is water frozen into a solid state.

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Italian Army

The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Kinetic energy penetrator

A kinetic energy penetrator (KEP, KE weapon, long-rod penetrator or LRP) is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate vehicle armour.

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Kosovo (Kosova or Kosovë; Косово) is a partially recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo (Republika e Kosovës; Република Косово / Republika Kosovo).

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Kosovo Force

The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which was responsible for establishing a secure environment in Kosovo.

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Krauss-Maffei Wegmann

Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co.

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Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)

The Kurdish–Turkish conflict is an armed conflict between the Republic of Turkey and various Kurdish insurgent groups, which have demanded separation from Turkey to create an independent Kurdistan, or to have autonomy and greater political and cultural rights for Kurds inside the Republic of Turkey.

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Landing craft

Landing craft are small and medium seagoing vessels such as boats, and barges, used to convey a landing force (infantry and vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault.

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Lebanese Armed Forces

The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) (Arabic: القوات المسلحة اللبنانية | Al-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥa al-Lubnāniyya) or Forces Armées Libanaises (FAL) in French, also known as the Lebanese Army (Arabic: الجيش اللبناني or "Armée libanaise" in French), is the military of the Lebanese Republic.

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Leopard 2

The Leopard 2 is a main battle tank developed by Krauss-Maffei in the 1970s for the West German Army.

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Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) (LdSH) is a regular armoured regiment of the Canadian Army.

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M1 Abrams

The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams.

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M1128 Mobile Gun System

The M1128 Mobile Gun System is an eight-wheeled armored car of the Stryker armored fighting vehicle family, mounting a 105 mm tank gun, based on the Canadian LAV III light-armored vehicle manufactured by General Dynamics Land Systems.

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M113 armored personnel carrier

The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC).

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M47 Patton

The M47 Patton was an American main battle tank, a development of the M46 Patton mounting an updated turret, and was in turn further developed as the M48 Patton.

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M48 Patton

The M48 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) that was designed in the United States.

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M60 Patton

The M60 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) introduced in December 1960.

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M88 Recovery Vehicle

The M88 Recovery Vehicle is one of the largest armored recovery vehicles (ARV) currently in use by United States Armed Forces.

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Main battle tank

A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies.

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Marconi Electronic Systems

Marconi Electronic Systems (MES), or GEC-Marconi as it was until 1998, was the defence arm of The General Electric Company (GEC).

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Marksman anti-aircraft system

Marksman is a British short range air defense system developed by Marconi, consisting of a turret, a Marconi Series 400 radar and two Swiss Oerlikon 35 mm anti-aircraft autocannons.

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The MBT-70 (German: KPz 70) was an American–West German joint project to develop a new main battle tank during the 1960s.

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The Modular Expandable Armor System (MEXAS) is a composite armour system developed by the German company IBD Deisenroth Engineering.

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MGM-51 Shillelagh

The Ford MGM-51 Shillelagh (pronounced she-LAY-lee) was an American anti-tank guided missile designed to be launched from a conventional gun (cannon).

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Military engineering vehicle

A military engineering vehicle is a vehicle built for the construction work or for the transportation of combat engineers on the battlefield.

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Mowag Piranha

The MOWAG Piranha is a family of armoured fighting vehicles designed by the Swiss company MOWAG (since April 2010 the name has changed to General Dynamics European Land Systems – Mowag GmbH).

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MTU Friedrichshafen

MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH is a manufacturer of commercial internal combustion engines founded by Wilhelm Maybach and his son Karl Maybach in 1909.

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Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Night vision

Night vision is the ability to see in low-light conditions.

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Night vision device

A night vision device (NVD), also known as night optical/observation device (NOD) and night vision goggles (NVG), is an optoelectronic device that allows images to be produced in levels of light approaching total darkness.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Nuclear fallout

Nuclear fallout, or simply fallout, is the residual radioactive material propelled into the upper atmosphere following a nuclear blast, so called because it "falls out" of the sky after the explosion and the shock wave have passed.

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Operation Amanda

Operation Amanda was a United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) mission conducted by Danish peacekeeping troops, with the aim of recovering an observation post, S01, belonging to 9th mech inf coy Nordbat 2 near Gradačac, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on October 25, 1994.

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Operation Bøllebank

Operation Bøllebank (Operation Hooligan Bashing) was the first combat operation conducted by Danish Armed Forces since World War II.

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OTO Melara

OTO Melara was a subsidiary of Finmeccanica S.p.A. (today Leonardo), active in the defence sector, with factories in Brescia and La Spezia.

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Regiment Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn – Grenadiers

The Regiment Carabiniers Prins Boudewijn – Grenadiers is an infantry regiment in the Land Component of the Belgian Armed Forces.

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Returned and Services League of Australia

The Returned and Services League, Australia (RSL) is a support organisation for men and women who have served or are serving in the Defence Force.

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Rheinmetall AG has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.

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Rheinmetall MG 3

The MG 3 is a German general-purpose machine gun chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge.

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In firearms, rifling is the helical groove pattern that is machined into the internal (bore) surface of a gun's barrel, for the purpose of exerting torque and thus imparting a spin to a projectile around its longitudinal axis during shooting.

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Rolled homogeneous armour

Rolled homogeneous armour (RHA) is a type of armour made of a single steel composition hot-rolled to improve its material characteristics, as opposed to layered or cemented armour.

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Royal Marines

The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.

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Royal Ordnance L7

The Royal Ordnance L7 is the basic model of Britain's most successful tank gun.

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Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon

An anti-aircraft vehicle, also known as a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) or self-propelled air defense system (SPAD), is a mobile vehicle with a dedicated anti-aircraft capability.

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Shaped charge

A shaped charge is an explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy.

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Sloped armour

Sloped armour is armour that is neither in a vertical nor a horizontal position.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Squadron (army)

A squadron was historically a cavalry subunit, a company sized military formation.

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Stridsvagn 103

The Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103), "Strv" is the Swedish military abbreviation of stridsvagn, Swedish for tank while the 103 comes from being the third tank in Swedish service to be equipped with a 10 cm gun.

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The T-62 is a Soviet main battle tank that was first introduced 1961.

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The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.

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Tanque Argentino Mediano

The Tanque Argentino Mediano (TAM; English: Argentine Medium Tank) is the main battle tank in service with the Argentine Army.

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The Tank Museum

The Tank Museum (previously The Bovington Tank Museum) is a collection of armoured fighting vehicles at Bovington Camp in Dorset, South West England.

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Thermal sleeve

A thermal sleeve, or blanket, is a device around the length of a gun barrel of a large caliber gun, typically found on modern tanks.

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The TR-85 is a main battle tank designed for the armed forces of Romania.

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Tractive force

As used in mechanical engineering, the term tractive force can either refer to the total traction a vehicle exerts on a surface, or the amount of the total traction that is parallel to the direction of motion.

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Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

The original Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was negotiated and concluded during the last years of the Cold War and established comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe (from the Atlantic to the Urals) and mandated the destruction of excess weaponry.

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In trigonometry and geometry, triangulation is the process of determining the location of a point by forming triangles to it from known points.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Turkish Land Forces

The Turkish Land Forces (Türk Kara Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Army (Türk Ordusu), is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.

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Warsaw Pact

The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.

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Weapon mount

A weapon mount is a weapon component used to affix an armament for stabilization.

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West Germany

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.

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Wire-guided missile

A wire-guided missile is a missile that is guided by signals sent to it via thin wires connected between the missile and its guidance mechanism, which is located somewhere near the launch site.

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Yom Kippur War

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (or מלחמת יום כיפור,;,, or حرب تشرين), also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.

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The ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" is a lightly armored Soviet self-propelled, radar guided anti-aircraft weapon system (SPAAG).

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1/3rd Lancers Battalion

The 1/3rd Lancers Battalion (1/3 Bataillon de Lanciers) is a cavalry battalion in the Land Component of the Belgian armed forces.

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1st Armoured Regiment (Australia)

1st Armoured Regiment is an armoured regiment of the Australian Army and is the senior regiment of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps.

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2/4th Lancers Regiment

The 2/4th Lancers Regiment (2/4 Regiment Lansiers) was a cavalry regiment in the Land Component of the Belgian Armed Forces.

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4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group

4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group was a formation of the Canadian Army, then Mobile Command of the unified Canadian Forces.

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Beaver (armored bridgelayer vehicle), Beaver (bridgelayer tank), High-hardness armor, Leopard 1 tank, Leopard 1A1, Leopard 1A3, Leopard 1A4, Leopard 1A5, Leopard AS1, Leopard C1, Leopard C1 tank, Leopard C2, Leopard I.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopard_1

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