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Leopard 2

Index Leopard 2

The Leopard 2 is a main battle tank developed by Krauss-Maffei in the 1970s for the West German Army. [1]

246 relations: Active protection system, Advanced Modular Armor Protection, Afghanistan, Al-Khalid tank, Altay (tank), Amaq News Agency, AMX Leclerc, Ariete, Arjun (tank), Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia, Armed forces of the Netherlands, Armoured Corps Training Centre (Germany), Armoured recovery vehicle, Armoured vehicle-launched bridge, Army Combat and Fire Support Centre, Army of the Czech Republic, ASELSAN, Atlas Elektronik, Australian Army, Austria, Austrian Armed Forces, Autocannon, Autoloader, Świętoszów, Żagań, Bahrain, Bahraini uprising of 2011, Battle of al-Bab, Battlefield management system, Bergen-Hohne Training Area, Bore evacuator, British Armed Forces, Bulldozer, Bundestag, Bundeswehr, Canada, Canada in the War in Afghanistan, Canadian American Strategic Review, Canadian Armed Forces, Canadian Army, CBC.ca, CBRN defense, Challenger 1, Challenger 2, Chile, Chilean Army, Chobham armour, Composite armour, Cooking off, Crane (machine), ..., Danish Defence, Department of National Defence (Canada), Deutsche Mark, Diesel engine, EMES 15, Etelä-Suomen Sanomat, EuroPowerPack, Eurosatory, Excavator, Explosive material, Federal Ministry of Defence (Germany), Federation of American Scientists, Fiberglass, Finnish Army, Finnish Defence Forces, Fire-control system, Flensburger Fahrzeugbau, FLW remote weapon station, FMC Corporation, FN MAG, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, General Electric, Georg Leber, German Army, Germany, Greece, Grenade launcher, Grouser, Halomethane, Heckler & Koch GMG, Hellenic Armed Forces, Hellenic Army, Hellenic Vehicle Industry, Helmand Province, Helmand River, Honeywell AGT1500, Hughes Aircraft Company, Human rights in Saudi Arabia, Hydropneumatic suspension, Image intensifier, Improvised explosive device, Indonesia, Indonesian Army, Indonesian National Armed Forces, International Security Assistance Force, Iraqi Army, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Jack-in-the-box effect, James R. Schlesinger, Jane's Defence Weekly, Jane's Information Group, Jutland Dragoon Regiment, K1 88-Tank, K2 Black Panther, Krauss-Maffei, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, LAHAT, Laser rangefinder, Leopard 1, Leopard 2E, Lince (tank), London, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), Low intensity conflict, Low light level television, M-84, M-84AS, M-95 Degman, M1 Abrams, M1128 Mobile Gun System, M113 armored personnel carrier, M2 Browning, Machine gun, Main battle tank, MAN SE, Marder (IFV), Marksman anti-aircraft system, Maschinenbau Kiel, MBT-70, Memorandum of understanding, Mercury cadmium telluride, Merkava, MEXAS, MG 51, Military engineering vehicle, Military Load Classification, Ministry of Defence (Bulgaria), Ministry of Defence (Croatia), Ministry of Defence (Netherlands), Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), MTU Friedrichshafen, Nad Ali District, NATO, Nd:YAG laser, Netherlands, Nexter Systems, Norwegian Army, Operation Euphrates Shield, Operation Medusa, Operation Red Dagger, Osprey Publishing, Panzerhaubitze 2000, Patria (company), Paul-Werner Krapke, People's Protection Units, Peruvian Army, Polish Armed Forces, Polish Land Forces, Polish złoty, Porsche, Portuguese Army, Prizren, Qatar Armed Forces, Radiator (engine cooling), Remote weapon station, Revolutions per minute, Rheinmetall, Rheinmetall 120 mm gun, Rheinmetall MG 3, Rick Hillier, Rocket-propelled grenade, Rolled homogeneous armour, Royal Danish Army, Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Ordnance, Royal Ordnance L7, Saab Group, Santa Bárbara Sistemas, Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon, Shot trap, Show of force, Sigmar Gabriel, Singapore, Singapore Armed Forces, Singapore Army, Situation awareness, Slat armor, Smoothbore, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Soviet Union, Spaced armour, Spain, Spanish Armed Forces, Spanish Army, Spiegel Online, Sprocket, ST Kinetics, Stridsvagn 103, Stridsvagn 122, Sweden, Swedish Armed Forces, Swedish Army, Swiss Armed Forces, Switzerland, Syrian Army, Syrian Civil War, T-14 Armata, T-54/T-55, T-80, T-84, T-90, Tanks in the German Army, Telefunken, Testbed, The Globe and Mail, Thermographic camera, Thun, Torque, Torque converter, Torsion bar suspension, Tungsten, Turkey, Turkish Armed Forces, Turkish Land Forces, Turkish military operation in Afrin, Twin-turbo, Type 10, Type 90 Kyū-maru, Type 96 tank, Type 99 tank, United Kingdom, United States, Urban warfare, V12 engine, Vehicle snorkel, VT-4, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Welt am Sonntag, West Germany, Winch, Yom Kippur War, Zulfiqar (tank), 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade (Poland), 7.62×51mm NATO, 9K111 Fagot, 9M113 Konkurs. Expand index (196 more) »

Active protection system

An active protection system is a system (usually for a military application) designed to prevent line-of-sight guided anti-tank missiles/projectiles from acquiring and/or destroying a target.

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Advanced Modular Armor Protection

Advanced Modular Armor Protection (AMAP) is modular composite armour concept, developed by the German company IBD Deisenroth Engineering.

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Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

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Al-Khalid tank

The Al-Khalid (الخالد ٹینک—, literally "The Eternal Tank") is a main battle tank jointly developed by Pakistan and China during the 1990s, based on the Chinese Type 90-IIM tank.

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Altay (tank)

The Altay is a modern main battle tank, based on the South Korean K2 Black Panther tank, developed by Otokar, a subsidiary of Koç Holding, for the Turkish Army and export markets.

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Amaq News Agency

Amaq News Agency is a news outlet linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), It is often the "first point of publication for claims of responsibility by the group".

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AMX Leclerc

The Char Leclerc is a main battle tank (MBT) built by GIAT, now Nexter of France.

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The C1 Ariete is the main battle tank of the Italian Army, developed by a consortium formed by Iveco-Fiat and Oto Melara (CIO, Consorzio Iveco Oto Melara).

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Arjun (tank)

The Arjun (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, in Classical Sanskrit and in Hindi) is a third generation main battle tank developed by India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), for the Indian Army.

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Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia

The Royal Saudi Arabian Armed Forces (al-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥah as-Su‘ūdiyyah) is the Armed Forces, consists of the Saudi Arabian Army, the Royal Saudi Air Force, the Royal Saudi Navy, the Royal Saudi Air Defense, and the Royal Saudi Strategic Missile Force.

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Armed forces of the Netherlands

The Armed forces of the Netherlands consist of the Army, Navy, and Air Force.

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Armoured Corps Training Centre (Germany)

The Armoured Corps Training Centre (Ausbildungszentrum Panzertruppen) in Munster is one of the German Army's training centres (Zentren des Heeres) with particular responsibility for the basic and continuation training of armoured troops, including the armoured and the mechanized infantry corps of the German Army.

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Armoured recovery vehicle

An armoured recovery vehicle (ARV) is typically a powerful tank or armoured personnel carrier (APC) chassis modified for use during combat for towing or repair of battle-damaged, stuck, and/or inoperable armoured fighting vehicles, such as tanks and armoured personnel carriers (APCs).

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Armoured vehicle-launched bridge

An armoured vehicle-launched bridge (AVLB) is a combat support vehicle, sometimes regarded as a subtype of military engineering vehicle, designed to assist militaries in rapidly deploying tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles across gap-type obstacles, such as (and primarily) rivers.

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Army Combat and Fire Support Centre

The Army Combat and Fire Support Centre (Hærens Kamp- og Ildstøttecenter), formerly Army Combat School (Hærens Kampskole), is a training centre for the Royal Danish Army, with the purpose of developing, educating and training various forms of combat for infantry, armor, reconnaissance and fire support.

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Army of the Czech Republic

The Army of the Czech Republic (Armáda České republiky, AČR), also known as the Czech Army or Czech Armed Forces, is the military service responsible for the defence of the Czech Republic in compliance with international obligations and treaties on collective defence.

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ASELSAN A.Ş., (ASELSAN, acronym: Askeri Elektronik Sanayi, Military Electronic Industries) is a Turkish corporation that produces tactical military radios and defense electronic systems for the Turkish Armed Forces.

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Atlas Elektronik

Atlas Elektronik is a naval/marine electronics and systems business based in Bremen, Germany.

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Australian Army

The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.

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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Austrian Armed Forces

The Austrian Armed Forces (Bundesheer) are the military forces of the Republic of Austria and the main military organisation responsible for the national defense.

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An autocannon or automatic cannon is a large, fully automatic, rapid-fire projectile weapon that fires armour-piercing or explosive shells, as opposed to the bullet fired by a machine gun.

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In armored warfare, an autoloader or auto-loader is a mechanical aid or replacement for the personnel that load ordnance into crew-served weapons, such as tanks and artillery.

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Świętoszów (Neuhammer am Queis) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Osiecznica, within Bolesławiec County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland in the Lower Silesian Wilderness, on the river Kwisa.

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Żagań (French and Sagan, Zahań, Zaháň, Saganum) is a town on the Bóbr river in western Poland, with 26,253 inhabitants (2010).

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Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.

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Bahraini uprising of 2011

The Bahraini uprising of 2011 was a series of anti-government protests in Bahrain led by the Shia-dominant Bahraini Opposition from 2011 until 2014.

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Battle of al-Bab

The Battle of al-Bab was a battle for the city of al-Bab in the Aleppo Governorate that included a military offensive launched by Syrian rebel groups (including groups affiliated with the Free Syrian Army) and the Turkish Armed Forces north of al-Bab, a separate Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) offensive east and west of the city, and another Syrian Army offensive from the south of the city.

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Battlefield management system

Battlefield management system (BMS) is a system meant to integrate information acquisition and processing to enhance command and control of a military unit.

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Bergen-Hohne Training Area

Bergen-Hohne Training Area (German: NATO-Truppenübungsplatz Bergen or Schießplatz Bergen-Hohne) is a NATO military training area in the southern part of the Lüneburg Heath, in the state of Lower Saxony in northern Germany.

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Bore evacuator

A bore evacuator or fume extractor is a device which removes lingering gases and airborne residues from the barrel of an armored fighting vehicle's gun after firing, particularly in tanks and self-propelled guns.

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British Armed Forces

The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.

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A bulldozer is a crawler (continuous tracked tractor) equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade) used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, or other such material during construction or conversion work and typically equipped at the rear with a claw-like device (known as a ripper) to loosen densely compacted materials.

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The Bundestag ("Federal Diet") is the German federal parliament.

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The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Canada in the War in Afghanistan

Canada's role in the Afghanistan War began in late 2001.

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Canadian American Strategic Review

The Canadian American Strategic Review was an influential Canadian think-tank that comments on Canadian Defence and sovereignty issues.

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Canadian Armed Forces

The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (Forces canadiennes, FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).

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Canadian Army

The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.

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CBC.ca is the English-language online service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

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CBRN defense

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defense (CBRN defense or CBRNE defense) is protective measures taken in situations in which chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear warfare (including terrorism) hazards may be present.

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Challenger 1

The FV4030/4 Challenger 1 is a British main battle tank (MBT) used by the British Army from 1983 to the mid-1990s, when it was superseded by the Challenger 2.

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Challenger 2

The FV4034 Challenger 2 (MOD designation "CR2") is a British main battle tank (MBT) in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman.

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Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Chilean Army

The Chilean Army (Ejército de Chile) is the land arm of the Military of Chile.

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Chobham armour

Chobham armour is the informal name of a composite armour developed in the 1960s at the British tank research centre on Chobham Common, Surrey.

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Composite armour

Composite armour is a type of vehicle armour consisting of layers of different material such as metals, plastics, ceramics or air.

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Cooking off

Cooking off (or thermally induced firing) is ammunition exploding prematurely due to heat in the surrounding environment.

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Crane (machine)

A crane is a type of machine, generally equipped with a hoist rope, wire ropes or chains, and sheaves, that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally.

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Danish Defence

The Danish Defence (Forsvaret, Danska verjan, Illersuisut) is the unified armed forces of the Kingdom of Denmark, charged with the defence of Denmark and its constituent, self-governing nations Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

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Department of National Defence (Canada)

The Department of National Defence (Ministère de la Défense nationale), commonly abbreviated as DND, is a Canadian government department responsible for defending Canada's interests and values at home and abroad.

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Deutsche Mark

The Deutsche Mark ("German mark"), abbreviated "DM" or, was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later the unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.

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Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

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EMES 15 is a main sight used in Leopard 2 tanks.

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Etelä-Suomen Sanomat

Etelä-Suomen Sanomat (meaning South Finland News in English; nickname Etlari) is a Finnish daily newspaper published in Lahti, Finland.

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The EuroPowerPack is the combination of the MTU MT883 Ka-500/501 diesel engine delivering over 1100 kW (1500 PS) shaft power with the ten-speed (five forward, five reverse) Renk HSWL 295TM automatic transmission for the use in heavy tracked vehicles like tanks.

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Eurosatory is an international Defence and Security industry trade fair that is held every two years in the Paris-Nord Villepinte Exhibition Centre, Paris, France.

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Excavators (hydraulic) are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, dipper (or stick), bucket and cab on a rotating platform known as the "house".

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Explosive material

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

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Federal Ministry of Defence (Germany)

The Federal Ministry of Defence (Bundesministerium der Verteidigung), abbreviated BMVg, is a top-level federal agency, headed by the Federal Minister of Defence as a member of the Cabinet of Germany.

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Federation of American Scientists

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.

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Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.

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Finnish Army

The Finnish Army (Finnish: Maavoimat, Swedish: Armén) is the land forces branch of the Finnish Defence Forces.

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Finnish Defence Forces

The Finnish Defence Forces (Puolustusvoimat, Försvarsmakten) are responsible for the defence of Finland.

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Fire-control system

A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.

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Flensburger Fahrzeugbau

The Flensburger Fahrzeugbau Gesellschaft mbH (FFG) (Flensburg Vehicle Manufacturing Company) is a medium-sized German Company in the form of a GmbH, which is based in Flensburg.

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FLW remote weapon station

Under the name fernbedienbare leichte Waffenstation (abbreviated with the acronym FLW) the German defence company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann brands its family of remote weapon stations.

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FMC Corporation

FMC Corporation is an American chemical manufacturing company headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.

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Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Frankfurt General Newspaper), abbreviated FAZ, is a centre-right, liberal-conservativeHans Magnus Enzensberger: (in German).

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Georg Leber

Georg Leber (7 October 1920 – 21 August 2012) was a German Trades Union leader and a politician in the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).

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German Army

The German Army (Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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No description.

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Grenade launcher

A grenade launcher is a weapon that fires a specially-designed large-caliber projectile, often with an explosive, smoke or gas warhead.

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Grousers are devices intended to increase the traction of continuous tracks, especially in loose material such as soil or snow.

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Halomethane compounds are derivatives of methane (CH4) with one or more of the hydrogen atoms replaced with halogen atoms (F, Cl, Br, or I).

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Heckler & Koch GMG

The GMG (Granatmaschinengewehr or "grenade machine gun") is an automatic grenade launcher developed by Heckler & Koch for the German Army.

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Hellenic Armed Forces

The Hellenic Armed Forces (Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις) are combined military forces of Greece.

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Hellenic Army

The Hellenic Army (Ελληνικός Στρατός, Ellinikós Stratós, sometimes abbreviated as ΕΣ), formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece (with Hellenic being a synonym for Greek).

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Hellenic Vehicle Industry

Hellenic Vehicle Industry (ELVO) is a Greek vehicle manufacturer based in Thessaloniki.

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Helmand Province

Helmand (Pashto/Dari: هلمند), also known as Hillmand or Helman, and, in ancient times, as Hermand and Hethumand is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, in the south of the country.

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Helmand River

The Helmand River (also spelled Helmend, Helmund, Hirmand; Pashto/Persian: هیرمند, هلمند Hīrmand, Helmand, Greek: Ἐτύμανδρος (Etýmandros), Latin: Erymandrus) is the longest river in Afghanistan and the primary watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin.

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Honeywell AGT1500

The Honeywell AGT1500 is a gas turbine engine.

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Hughes Aircraft Company

The Hughes Aircraft Company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor founded in 1932 by Howard Hughes in Glendale, California as a division of Hughes Tool Company.

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Human rights in Saudi Arabia

Human rights in Saudi Arabia are intended to be based on the Hanbali Islamic religious laws under absolute rule of the Saudi royal family.

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Hydropneumatic suspension

Hydropneumatic suspension is a type of motor vehicle suspension system, designed by Paul Magès, invented by Citroën, and fitted to Citroën cars, as well as being used under licence by other car manufacturers, notably Rolls-Royce (Silver Shadow), Maserati (Quattroporte II) and Peugeot.

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Image intensifier

An image intensifier or image intensifier tube is a vacuum tube device for increasing the intensity of available light in an optical system to allow use under low-light conditions, such as at night, to facilitate visual imaging of low-light processes, such as fluorescence of materials in X-rays or gamma rays (X-ray image intensifier), or for conversion of non-visible light sources, such as near-infrared or short wave infrared to visible.

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Improvised explosive device

An improvised explosive device (IED) is a bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Indonesian Army

The Indonesian Army (Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Darat, TNI–AD), the land component of the Indonesian National Armed Forces, has an estimated strength of 300,000 active personnel.

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Indonesian National Armed Forces

The Indonesian National Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI; literally "Indonesian National Military") are the military forces of the Republic of Indonesia.

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International Security Assistance Force

The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement.

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Iraqi Army

The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.

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Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.

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Jack-in-the-box effect

The jack-in-the-box effect refers to a specific effect of a catastrophic kill on a tank or other turreted armored vehicle in which an ammunition explosion causes the tank's turret to be violently blown off the chassis and into the air.

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James R. Schlesinger

James Rodney Schlesinger (February 15, 1929 – March 27, 2014) was an American economist and public servant who was best known for serving as Secretary of Defense from 1973 to 1975 under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

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Jane's Defence Weekly

Jane's Defence Weekly (abbreviated as JDW) is a weekly magazine reporting on military and corporate affairs, edited by Peter Felstead.

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Jane's Information Group

Jane's Information Group (often referred to as Jane's) is a British publishing company specialising in military, aerospace and transportation topics.

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Jutland Dragoon Regiment

The Jutland Dragoon Regiment (Jydske Dragonregiment) is the only regiment of the Royal Danish Army that has an armored (MBT) battalion, and is one of the Danish combat regiment in which soldiers are entitled to wear the black beret of the Armoured corps.

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K1 88-Tank

The K1 is a South Korean main battle tank in use with the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, developed by Hyundai Precision (later Hyundai Rotem).

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K2 Black Panther

The K2 Black Panther (Hangul: K2 '흑표'; Hanja: K2 '黒豹') is a South Korean main battle tank that will replace most of the M48 Patton tanks and complement the K1 series of main battle tanks currently fielded by the Republic of Korea.

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KraussMaffei Group GmbH is a manufacturer of injection molding machines, machines for plastics extrusion technology, and reaction process machinery.

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Krauss-Maffei Wegmann

Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co.

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The LAHAT (Laser Homing Attack or Laser Homing Anti-Tank, also a Hebrew word for incandescence) is a third generation semi-active laser homing guided low-weight anti-tank guided missile developed since 1992 and manufactured by Israel Aerospace Industries.

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Laser rangefinder

A laser rangefinder is a rangefinder that uses a laser beam to determine the distance to an object.

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Leopard 1

The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a main battle tank designed and produced in West Germany that first entered service in 1965.

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Leopard 2E

The Leopard 2E or Leopard 2A6E (E stands for España, Spanish for Spain) is a variant of the German Leopard 2 main battle tank, tailored to the requirements of the Spanish army, which acquired it as part of an armament modernization program named Programa Coraza, or Program Breastplate.

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Lince (tank)

The Lince (meaning "Lynx") was a Spanish development programme for a proposed main battle tank that unfolded during the late 1980s and early 1990s.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) (LdSH) is a regular armoured regiment of the Canadian Army.

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Low intensity conflict

A low-intensity conflict (LIC) is a military conflict, usually localised, between two or more state or non-state groups which is below the intensity of conventional war.

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Low light level television

Low light level television (LLLTV) is a type of electronic sensing device, usually a CCD camera sensitive to wavelengths above the normal "visible" (0.4 to 0.7 micrometre) wavelengths, and into the short-wave Infrared - usually to about 1.0 to 1.1 micrometres.

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The M-84 is a Yugoslav third generation main battle tank, a variant of the Soviet T-72.

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The M-84AS is a modernized version of the M-84 main battle tank produced by Yugoimport SDPR in Serbia.

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M-95 Degman

The M-95 Degman is a prototype Croatian main battle tank, developed by the Đuro Đaković company.

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M1 Abrams

The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams.

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M1128 Mobile Gun System

The M1128 Mobile Gun System is an eight-wheeled armored car of the Stryker armored fighting vehicle family, mounting a 105 mm tank gun, based on the Canadian LAV III light-armored vehicle manufactured by General Dynamics Land Systems.

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M113 armored personnel carrier

The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC).

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M2 Browning

The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I by John Browning.

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Machine gun

A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.

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Main battle tank

A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies.

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MAN SE (abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg), formerly MAN AG, is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group.

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Marder (IFV)

The Marder (German for "marten") is a German infantry fighting vehicle operated by the German Army as the main weapon of the Panzergrenadiere (mechanized infantry) from the 1970s through to the present day.

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Marksman anti-aircraft system

Marksman is a British short range air defense system developed by Marconi, consisting of a turret, a Marconi Series 400 radar and two Swiss Oerlikon 35 mm anti-aircraft autocannons.

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Maschinenbau Kiel

Maschinenbau Kiel GmbH designed, manufactured and marketed marine diesel engines, diesel locomotives and tracked vehicles under the MaK brand name.

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The MBT-70 (German: KPz 70) was an American–West German joint project to develop a new main battle tank during the 1960s.

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Memorandum of understanding

A memorandum of understanding (MoU) is a type of agreement between two (bilateral) or more (multilateral) parties.

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Mercury cadmium telluride

HgCdTe or mercury cadmium telluride (also cadmium mercury telluride, MCT, MerCad Telluride, MerCadTel, MerCaT or CMT) is an alloy of cadmium telluride (CdTe) and mercury telluride (HgTe) with a tunable bandgap spanning the shortwave infrared to the very long wave infrared regions.

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The Merkava (מרכבה (IPA:, "chariot") is a main battle tank used by the Israel Defense Forces. The tank began development in 1970, and entered official service in 1978. Four main variants of the tank have been deployed. It was first used extensively in the 1982 Lebanon War. The name "Merkava" was derived from the IDF's initial development program name. Design criteria include rapid repair of battle damage, survivability, cost-effectiveness and off-road performance. Following the model of contemporary self-propelled howitzers, the turret assembly is located closer to the rear than in most main battle tanks. With the engine in front, this layout is intended to grant additional protection against a frontal attack, so as to absorb some of the force of incoming shells, especially for the personnel in the main hull, such as the driver. It also creates more space in the rear of the tank that allows increased storage capacity and a rear entrance to the main crew compartment allowing easy access under enemy fire. This allows the tank to be used as a platform for medical disembarkation, a forward command and control station, and an infantry fighting vehicle. The rear entrance's clamshell-style doors provide overhead protection when off- and on-loading cargo and personnel. It was reportedly decided shortly before the beginning of the 2006 Lebanon War that the Merkava line would be discontinued within four years. However, on November 7, 2006, Haaretz reported that an Israeli General staff assessment had ruled of the Merkava Mark IV that "if properly deployed, the tank can provide its crew with better protection than in the past", and deferred the decision on discontinuing the line. On August 16, 2013, Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon announced the decision to resume production of the Merkava main battle tank for the IDF Armored Corps.

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The Modular Expandable Armor System (MEXAS) is a composite armour system developed by the German company IBD Deisenroth Engineering.

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MG 51

The 7.5 mm Maschinengewehr 1951 or Mg 51 is a general-purpose machine gun manufactured by W+F of Switzerland.

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Military engineering vehicle

A military engineering vehicle is a vehicle built for the construction work or for the transportation of combat engineers on the battlefield.

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Military Load Classification

The Military Load Classification (MLC) is a system of standards used by NATO to classify the safe amount of load a surface can withstand.

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Ministry of Defence (Bulgaria)

The Ministry of Defence (Министерство на отбраната, Ministerstvo na otbranata) of Bulgaria is the ministry charged with regulating the Bulgarian Armed Forces.

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Ministry of Defence (Croatia)

The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Croatia (Ministarstvo obrane Republike Hrvatske or MORH) is the ministry in the Government of Croatia which is in charge of the nation's military.

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Ministry of Defence (Netherlands)

The Ministry of Defence (Ministerie van Defensie; MinDef) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for the armed forces of the Netherlands and Veterans Affairs.

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Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)

The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.

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MTU Friedrichshafen

MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH is a manufacturer of commercial internal combustion engines founded by Wilhelm Maybach and his son Karl Maybach in 1909.

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Nad Ali District

Nad Ali or Nad-e Ali is a district in Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.

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Nd:YAG laser

Nd:YAG (neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet; Nd:Y3Al5O12) is a crystal that is used as a lasing medium for solid-state lasers.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Nexter Systems

Nexter Systems (formerly known as GIAT Industries or Groupement des Industries de l'Armée de Terre, Army Industries Group) is a French government-owned weapons manufacturer, based in Roanne, Loire.

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Norwegian Army

Norway achieved full independence in 1905, and in the first century of its short life has contributed to three major conflicts, World War II, the Cold War and the War on Terror.

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Operation Euphrates Shield

Operation Euphrates Shield (Fırat Kalkanı Harekâtı) was a cross-border operation by the Turkish military and Turkey-aligned Syrian opposition groups in the Syrian Civil War which led to the Turkish occupation of northern Syria. Operations were carried out in the region between the Euphrates river to the east and the rebel-held area around Azaz to the west. The Turkish military and Turkey-aligned Syrian rebel groups, some of which used the Free Syrian Army label, fought against forces of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) as well as against the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) from 24 August 2016. On 29 March 2017, the Turkish military officially announced that Operation Euphrates Shield was "successfully completed". The Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said on the first day of the operation that it was aimed against both the ISIL and Syrian Kurdish "terror groups that threaten our country in northern Syria". The objective to capture Manbij, under the de facto control of the Rojava administration, that had been promulgated by the Turkish president at the end of February 2017 remained unfulfilled.

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Operation Medusa

Operation Medusa (September 2–17, 2006) was a Canadian-led offensive during the second Battle of Panjwaii of the war in Afghanistan.

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Operation Red Dagger

Operation Sond Chara (Red Dagger in Pashto) was an 18-day-long campaign with its aims and objectives centred on four Taliban strongholds near the town of Nad-e-Ali in Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

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Osprey Publishing

Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.

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Panzerhaubitze 2000

The Panzerhaubitze 2000 ("armoured howitzer 2000"), abbreviated PzH 2000, is a German 155 mm self-propelled howitzer developed by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) and Rheinmetall for the German Army.

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Patria (company)

Patria Plc (Patria Oyj, Patria Abp) is a Finnish provider of defence, security and aviation life-cycle support services and technology solutions.

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Paul-Werner Krapke

Paul-Werner Krapke (born 1915, died 2011) is a German armored fighting vehicle engineer, notable for his management of the Leopard 2 project.

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People's Protection Units

The People's Protection Units (یەکینەکانی پاراستنی گەل;Yekîneyên Parastina Gel, وحدات حماية الشعب, translit; YPG) is a mainly-Kurdish militia in Syria and the primary component of the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria's Syrian Democratic Forces.

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Peruvian Army

The Peruvian Army (Ejército del Perú, abbreviated EP) is the branch of the Peruvian Armed Forces tasked with safeguarding the independence, sovereignty and integrity of national territory on land through military force.

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Polish Armed Forces

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland (Polish:Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, abbreviated SZ RP; popularly called Wojsko Polskie in Poland, abbreviated WP—roughly, the "Polish Military") are the national armed forces of the Republic of Poland.

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Polish Land Forces

The Land Forces (Wojska Lądowe) are a military branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland.

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Polish złoty

The złoty (pronounced; sign: zł; code: PLN), which is the masculine form of the Polish adjective 'golden', is the currency of Poland.

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Portuguese Army

The Portuguese Army (Exército Português) is the land component of the Armed Forces of Portugal and is also its largest branch.

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Prizren (Prizreni; Призрен) is a city and municipality located in the Prizren District of Kosovo.

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Qatar Armed Forces

The Qatar Armed Forces are the military forces of Qatar.

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Radiator (engine cooling)

Radiators are heat exchangers used for cooling internal combustion engines, mainly in automobiles but also in piston-engined aircraft, railway locomotives, motorcycles, stationary generating plant or any similar use of such an engine.

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Remote weapon station

A remote weapon station, also known as a remote weapon system, (RWS) is a remotely operated weaponized system often equipped with fire-control system for light and medium caliber weapons which can be installed on ground combat vehicle or sea and air-based combat platforms.

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Revolutions per minute

Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.

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Rheinmetall AG has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.

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Rheinmetall 120 mm gun

The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AG company, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats.

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Rheinmetall MG 3

The MG 3 is a German general-purpose machine gun chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge.

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Rick Hillier

General Rick Hillier (born 1955) is a former Chief of the Defence Staff of the Canadian Forces.

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Rocket-propelled grenade

A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.

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Rolled homogeneous armour

Rolled homogeneous armour (RHA) is a type of armour made of a single steel composition hot-rolled to improve its material characteristics, as opposed to layered or cemented armour.

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Royal Danish Army

The Royal Danish Army (Hæren) is the land-based branch of the Danish Defence, together with the Danish Home Guard.

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Royal Netherlands Army

The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.

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Royal Ordnance

Royal Ordnance plc was formed on 2 January 1985 as a public corporation, owning the majority of what until then were the remaining United Kingdom government-owned Royal Ordnance Factories (abbreviated ROFs) which manufactured explosives, ammunition, small arms including the Lee–Enfield rifle, guns and military vehicles such as tanks.

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Royal Ordnance L7

The Royal Ordnance L7 is the basic model of Britain's most successful tank gun.

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Saab Group

Saab Group (originally Svenska Aeroplan AB, later SAAB and Saab AB) is a Swedish aerospace and defence company, founded in 1937.

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Santa Bárbara Sistemas

Santa Bárbara Sistemas is a Spanish defense contractor based in Madrid, integrated under the European Land Systems of General Dynamics.

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Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon

An anti-aircraft vehicle, also known as a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) or self-propelled air defense system (SPAD), is a mobile vehicle with a dedicated anti-aircraft capability.

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Shot trap

A shot trap is a location on an armoured vehicle where, depending on the angle of impact, an impacting shell that fails to penetrate may bounce off in such a manner that it hits another area of the vehicle where it is more likely to cause damage to the vehicle and/or injure its crew.

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Show of force

A show of force is a military operation intended to warn (such as a warning shot) or to intimidate an opponent by showcasing a capability or will to act if one is provoked.

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Sigmar Gabriel

Sigmar Hartmut Gabriel (born 12 September 1959) is a German politician who was Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2017 to 2018 and Vice-Chancellor of Germany from 2013 to 2018.

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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Singapore Armed Forces

The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) is the military component of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Singapore as part of the city-state's Total Defence strategy.

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Singapore Army

The Singapore Army is the service of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) tasked with land operations.

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Situation awareness

Situational awareness or situation awareness (SA) is the perception of environmental elements and events with respect to time or space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status after some variable has changed, such as time, or some other variable, such as a predetermined event.

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Slat armor

Slat armor (or slat armour, see spelling differences), also known as bar armor, cage armor and standoff armor, is a type of vehicle armor designed to protect against anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) attacks.

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A smoothbore weapon is one that has a barrel without rifling.

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Social Democratic Party of Germany

The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spaced armour

Armor with two or more plates spaced a distance apart is called spaced armour.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Spanish Armed Forces

The Spanish Armed Forces are in charge of guaranteeing the sovereignty and independence of Spain, defender of its territorial integrity and the constitutional order, according to the functions entrusted in the Constitution of 1978.

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Spanish Army

The Spanish Army (Ejército de Tierra; "Army of the Land/Ground") is the terrestrial army of the Spanish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.

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Spiegel Online

Spiegel Online (SPON) is one of the most widely read German-language news websites.

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A sprocket or sprocket-wheel is a profiled wheel with teeth, or cogs, that mesh with a chain, track or other perforated or indented material.

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ST Kinetics

Singapore Technologies Kinetics Ltd (ST Kinetics), in Singapore, is a strategic business area of ST Engineering and handles land systems and specialty vehicles.

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Stridsvagn 103

The Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103), "Strv" is the Swedish military abbreviation of stridsvagn, Swedish for tank while the 103 comes from being the third tank in Swedish service to be equipped with a 10 cm gun.

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Stridsvagn 122

Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) ("Tank 122") is a Swedish main battle tank based on the German Leopard 2.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Swedish Armed Forces

The Swedish Armed Forces (Försvarsmakten, literally “Defense Force”) is the government agency that forms the military forces of Sweden, and which is tasked with defence of the country, as well as promoting Sweden's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping efforts, and providing humanitarian aid.

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Swedish Army

The Swedish Army (Armén) is a branch of the Swedish Armed Forces in which its main responsibility is land operations.

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Swiss Armed Forces

The Swiss Armed Forces (German: Schweizer Armee, French: Armée suisse, Italian: Esercito svizzero, Romanisch: Armada svizra) operates on land, in the air, and in international waters.

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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Syrian Army

The Syrian Army, officially the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) (al-Jayš al-ʿArabī as-Sūrī), is the land force branch of the Syrian Armed Forces.

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Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Civil War (الحرب الأهلية السورية, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations.

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T-14 Armata

The T-14 Armata (Т-14 «Армата»; industrial designation "Ob'yekt 148") is a next generation Russian main battle tank based on the Armata Universal Combat Platform.

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The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War.

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The T-80 is a third-generation main battle tank (MBT) designed and manufactured in the Soviet Union.

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The T-84 is a Ukrainian main battle tank (MBT), a development of the Soviet T-80 main battle tank.

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The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993.

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Tanks in the German Army

This article on military tanks deals with the history of tanks serving in the German Army from World War I, the interwar period, and the Panzers of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, the Cold War and modern times.

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Telefunken was a German radio and television apparatus company, founded in Berlin in 1903, as a joint venture of Siemens & Halske and the Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG) (General electricity company).

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A testbed (also spelled test bed) is a platform for conducting rigorous, transparent, and replicable testing of scientific theories, computational tools, and new technologies.

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The Globe and Mail

The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.

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Thermographic camera

A thermographic camera (also called an infrared camera or thermal imaging camera) is a device that forms an image using infrared radiation, similar to a common camera that forms an image using visible light.

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Thun (Thoune) is a town and a municipality in the administrative district of Thun in the canton of Bern in Switzerland with about 43,783 inhabitants (around 90,000 in the agglomeration), as of 31 December 2013.

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Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.

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Torque converter

A torque converter is a type of fluid coupling which transfers rotating power from a prime mover, like an internal combustion engine, to a rotating driven load.

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Torsion bar suspension

A front VW Beetle suspension cross-section A torsion bar suspension, also known as a torsion spring suspension (not to be confused with a torsion beam rear suspension), is a general term for any vehicle suspension that uses a torsion bar as its main weight-bearing spring.

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Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Turkish Armed Forces

The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF; Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, TSK) are the military forces of the Republic of Turkey.

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Turkish Land Forces

The Turkish Land Forces (Türk Kara Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Army (Türk Ordusu), is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.

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Turkish military operation in Afrin

In January 2018, the Turkish military launched a military operation, code-named Operation Olive Branch (Zeytin Dalı Harekâtı) by Turkey, in the SDF-controlled Afrin District and the Tell Rifaat Subdistrict.

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Twin-turbo or biturbo refers to a turbocharged engine in which two turbochargers compress the intake charge.

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Type 10

The is a next generation main battle tank of JSDF produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the Japanese Ground Self Defense Force.

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Type 90 Kyū-maru

The is a main battle tank (MBT) of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF).

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Type 96 tank

The Type 96 or ZTZ-96 is a Chinese second generation main battle tank (MBT).

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Type 99 tank

The Type 99 or ZTZ99 is a Chinese third generation main battle tank (MBT).

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Urban warfare

Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities.

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V12 engine

A V12 engine is a V engine with 12 cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two banks of six cylinders each, usually but not always at a 60° angle to each other, with all 12 pistons driving a common crankshaft.

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Vehicle snorkel

A vehicle snorkel is the land-based equivalent of the submarine snorkel which allows submarines to use diesel engines while submerged.

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The VT4 main battle tank, also known as the MBT3000, is a Chinese third generation main battle tank built by Norinco for overseas export.

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War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.

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Welt am Sonntag

Welt am Sonntag (German for World on Sunday) is a German Sunday newspaper published in Germany.

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West Germany

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.

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A winch is a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up) or let out (wind out) or otherwise adjust the "tension" of a rope or wire rope (also called "cable" or "wire cable").

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Yom Kippur War

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (or מלחמת יום כיפור,;,, or حرب تشرين), also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.

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Zulfiqar (tank)

Zulfiqar (ذوالفقار) is an Iranian main battle tank (MBT), conceived by Brigadier General Mir-Younes Masoumzadeh, deputy ground force commander for research and self-sufficiency of the armed forces.

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10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade (Poland)

The Polish 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade (Polish 10 Brygada Kawalerii Pancernej, French 10e Brigade de cavalerie blindée polonaise) was an armoured formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the West.

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7.62×51mm NATO

The 7.62×51mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 7.62 NATO) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge developed in the 1950s as a standard for small arms among NATO countries.

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9K111 Fagot

The 9K111 Fagot (Фагот; "bassoon") is a second-generation tube-launched SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile system of the Soviet Union for use from ground or vehicle mounts.

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9M113 Konkurs

The 9M113 Konkurs (9М113 «Конкурс»; cognate of Concours; "Contest") is a SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union.

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Redirects here:

L2A6, Leguan bridge layer, Leo 2, Leopard 2 tank, Leopard 2A4, Leopard 2A5, Leopard 2A6, Leopard 2A6 HEL, Leopard 2A7, Leopard A6 EX, Leopard C3, Leopard II, Panzer 87, Stridsvagn 121.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopard_2

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