505 relations: A Florida Enchantment, ActionAid, Adrienne Rich, Aileen Wuornos, Akan people, Alcman, Alexander Pope, Alfred Kinsey, Algernon Charles Swinburne, Alice Roberts (actress), Alix Dobkin, All Things Considered, Allan Bérubé, Amanda Donohoe, Amazons, American Broadcasting Company, American Psychiatric Association, American Revolution, Amy Bock, Amy Lowell, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Ann Bannon, Anna Seward, Anne Lister, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Anxiety disorder, Arena Three, Argentina, Aristophanes, Artemis, Artificial insemination, Audre Lorde, Audrey Hepburn, Augusto Pinochet, Bacterial vaginosis, Baghdad, Barbara Hammer, Barbara Stanwyck, Basic Instinct, Beard (companion), Beatrice Lillie, Benedetta Carlini, Bessie Smith, Better Than Chocolate, Between Two Women, Biology and sexual orientation, Birmingham, Alabama, Birth control, Bisexuality, ..., Blackmail, Blood and Roses, Blue discharge, Blues, Bob cut, Bohemianism, Book of Ruth, Boston marriage, Boys Don't Cry (film), Breast cancer, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, But I'm a Cheerleader, Butch and femme, Caged, Cagney & Lacey, Callisto (mythology), Cameroon, Camilla (mythology), Cardiovascular disease, Carmilla, Carson McCullers, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cervical cancer, Charles Baudelaire, Charles Julius Hempel, Charlotte Brontë, Charlotte Charke, Chasing Amy, Cherríe Moraga, Cheryl Dunye, Cheshire, Chile, Christabel (poem), Christina, Queen of Sweden, Christopher Strong, Cindy Crawford, Civil union, Clitoris, Coahuiltecan, Colette, Columbia University Press, Communism, Compton Mackenzie, Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence, Condom, Congo River, Constitution of South Africa, Coronation Street, Corrective rape, Cosmopolitan (magazine), Cousin Bette, Cree, Cross-dressing, Cueva people, Cunnilingus, Cynthia Nixon, Das lila Lied, Daughters of Bilitis, David Leonhardt, Deborah Sampson, Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon, Dental dam, Depression (mood), Desert Hearts, Desert of the Heart, Designing Women, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Diana (mythology), Dictatorship, Die Freundin, Dildo, Dirty War, Discrimination, Djuna Barnes, Don't Ask, Don't Tell (Roseanne), Donna Deitch, Dorothy Allison, Dracula's Daughter, EastEnders, Eating disorder, Edith Storey, Edmund Spenser, Edna St. Vincent Millay, Edward De Lacy Evans, Eleanor Roosevelt, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Bowen, Ellen (TV series), Ellen DeGeneres, Emily Dickinson, Emmerdale, Emmy Award, Enheduanna, ER (TV series), Ernest-Aimé Feydeau, Essentialism, Ethel Waters, Eve, Fanny Hill, Feminist sex wars, Fire (1996 film), Forbidden Love: The Unashamed Stories of Lesbian Lives, Free France, Fried Green Tomatoes, Friends, From Russia with Love (film), Gale Wilhelm, Garçonne (magazine), Gateways club, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A., Gender identity, Generalized anxiety disorder, Genital wart, George Sand, Gertrude Stein, Ghana, Gladys Bentley, Glamour (magazine), Go Fish (film), Gold Medal Books, Great Depression, Greenwich Village, Greta Garbo, Gustave Flaubert, Gynaecology, H.D., Harlem, Harvard University Press, Hate crime, Hausa people, Havelock Ellis, Heavenly Creatures, Henry Fielding, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Hermaphrodite, Herpes simplex virus, Heterosexism, Heterosexuality, History of lesbianism, History of lesbianism in the United States, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Holly Robinson Peete, Hollyoaks, Homophobia, Homosexuality, Honor killing, Honora Sneyd, Honoré de Balzac, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, House Select Committee on Current Pornographic Materials, Human body weight, Human papillomavirus infection, Human sexual activity, Identity (social science), Inanna, International Lesbian Information Service, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, Iphis, Iran, James Shirley, Jane Rule, Jazz, Jeannette Augustus Marks, Jeannette Howard Foster, Joan Crawford, Joan Nestle, John Cleland, John Donne, Jonathan Ned Katz, Jorge Rafael Videla, Judy Nelson, K.d. lang, Katharine Hepburn, Katherine Mansfield, Katy Boyer, Kenya, Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, Kinsey Reports, Kissing Jessica Stein, L.A. Law, La Fille aux yeux d'or, Ladies Almanack, Ladies of Llangollen, Ladies' Home Journal, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Latin America, Leeds, Leeds Revolutionary Feminist Group, Lesbian bar, Lesbian bed death, Lesbian erotica, Lesbian feminism, Lesbian Herstory Archives, Lesbian kiss episode, Lesbian literature, Lesbian pulp fiction, Lesbian sexual practices, Lesbian wine, Lesbophobia, Lesbos, Lesotho, LGBT themes in speculative fiction, Lianna, Lillian Faderman, Lillian Hellman, Lindsay Lohan, List of lesbian periodicals, Lorena Hickok, Louise Brooks, Louise Labé, Ma Rainey, Mabel Dodge Luhan, Mad About You, Mademoiselle (magazine), Madonna (entertainer), Magnus Hirschfeld, Major depressive disorder, Malaysia, Manifesto, Manila, Mapuche language, Marcus Welby, M.D., Margaret Fuller, Marguerite Yourcenar, Marie Antoinette, Mariel Hemingway, Marijane Meaker, Mario Praz, Marlene Dietrich, Married... with Children, Martina Navratilova, Mary Emma Woolley, Mary Hamilton (transvestite), Mary Renault, Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary: A Fiction, Masturbation, Mädchen in Uniform, Medical Center (TV series), Melissa Etheridge, Mesopotamia, Mexico, Michele Greene, Middle East, Minority stress, Misogyny, Mohave people, Mongo language, Monocle, Monster (2003 film), Morocco (film), Motion Picture Production Code, Mount Holyoke College, N.Y.P.D. (TV series), Natalie Clifford Barney, National Academies Press, National LGBTQ Task Force, Nazi concentration camps, New Left, New Queer Cinema, New Wave, New Woman, New York (magazine), Newsweek, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Nightwood, Nitrate Kisses, NORC at the University of Chicago, NPR, Obesity, Obscenity, Office for National Statistics, Olivia (film), Oral sex, Orgasm, Original sin, Orlando: A Biography, Ovarian cancer, Pandora's Box (1929 film), Pap test, Paragraph 175, Patricia Highsmith, Pederasty in ancient Greece, Penance, Pepper Schwartz, Personal Best (film), Peter Jackson, Philippines, Picket Fences, Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme, Pierre Louÿs, Pillory, Plato, Police Story (1973 TV series), Police Woman (TV series), Polity (publisher), Pornography, Pottery of ancient Greece, Prejudice, Queen Christina (film), Queer as Folk (U.S. TV series), Radclyffe Hall, Realism (arts), Rebecca (1940 film), Reference.com, Regents of the University of California, Relativity (TV series), Renaissance, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Rita Mae Brown, Romaine Brooks, Roman à clef, Romantic comedy, Romantic friendship, Rosa Klebb, Rose Troche, Roseanne, Routledge, Rubyfruit Jungle, Ruth Barrett, Ruth Margarete Roellig, Sadomasochism, Salammbô, Salt Lake City, Same-sex marriage, Sampling (statistics), Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Sandinista National Liberation Front, Sandy Dennis, Sappho, Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Séraphîta, School story, Scientific-Humanitarian Committee, Second-wave feminism, Sexology, Sexual assault, Sexual identity, Sexual inversion (sexology), Sexual orientation, Sexual revolution, Sexually transmitted infection, Sharon Stone, Sheila Jeffreys, Shelley Winters, Shere Hite, Sheridan Le Fanu, Shirley MacLaine, Showtime (TV network), Sigmund Freud, Silkwood, Sinister Wisdom, Sit-in, Smoking, Social science, Social status, Sodomy, Speyer, Spring Fire, Squamous intraepithelial lesion, St. Nicholas Magazine, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Stonewall riots, Substance abuse, Sudan, Suicidal ideation, Suicide, Sumerian religion, SUNY Press, Sylvia Scarlett, Symbolic annihilation, Symposium (Plato), Syphilis, Tallulah Bankhead, Tara Maclay, Terry Castle, Théophile Gautier, The Balcony (film), The Beverly Hillbillies, The Bird in a Cage, The Bold Ones: The New Doctors, The Celluloid Closet, The Children's Hour (film), The Children's Hour (play), The Color Purple (film), The Eleventh Hour (U.S. TV series), The Facts of Life (TV series), The Faerie Queene, The Fox (1967 film), The Furies Collective, The Golden Girls, The Hollywood Reporter, The Hunger (1983 film), The Incredibly True Adventure of Two Girls in Love, The Killing of Sister George (film), The L Word, The Ladder (magazine), The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, The New York Times, The Price of Salt, The Puppy Episode, The Watermelon Woman, The Well of Loneliness, The Woman-Identified Woman, Thelma Wood, These Three, Third gender, Time (magazine), Timucua, Tomboy, Transgender, Transvestism, Tribadism, Trichomoniasis, Twelfth Night, Two-spirit, UCLA Center for the Study of Women, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Massachusetts Press, Uranian, V for Vendetta (film), Vagina, Valerie Taylor (novelist), Vampyros Lesbos, Vanity Fair (magazine), Vern Bullough, Victorian era, Villette (novel), Virginia Woolf, Vita Sackville-West, Vito Russo, Vogue (magazine), Walk on the Wild Side (film), WAVES, WBMA-LD, Western Asia, Western Cape, When Night Is Falling, William Shakespeare, William Wyler, Willow Rosenberg, Women who have sex with women, Women's Army Corps, World War II, Yemen, Ying Shao, Yuri (genre), Zuni language, 21 Jump Street. 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A Florida Enchantment (1914) is a silent film directed by and starring Sidney Drew and released by Vitagraph Studios.
ActionAid is an international non-governmental organization whose primary aim is to work against poverty and injustice worldwide.
Adrienne Cecile Rich (May 16, 1929 – March 27, 2012) was an American poet, essayist and feminist.
Aileen Carol Wuornos Pralle (born Aileen Carol Pittman; February 29, 1956 – October 9, 2002) was an American serial killer who murdered seven men in Florida between 1989 and 1990 by shooting them at point-blank range.
The Akan are a meta-ethnicity predominantly speaking Central Tano languages and residing in the southern regions of the former Gold Coast region in what is today the nation of Ghana.
Alcman (Ἀλκμάν Alkmán; fl.  7th century BC) was an Ancient Greek choral lyric poet from Sparta.
Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 – 30 May 1744) was an 18th-century English poet.
Alfred Charles Kinsey (June 23, 1894 – August 25, 1956) was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, previously known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction.
Algernon Charles Swinburne (5 April 1837 – 10 April 1909) was an English poet, playwright, novelist, and critic.
Alice Roberts (29 July 190629 October 1985) was a Belgian actress active from the late 1920s to the late 1930s.
Alix Dobkin (born August 16, 1940) is an American folk singer-songwriter, and feminist activist.
All Things Considered (ATC) is the flagship news program on the American network National Public Radio (NPR).
Allan Bérubé (December 3, 1946 – December 11, 2007) was an American historian, activist, independent scholar, self-described "community-based" researcher and college drop-out, and award-winning author, best known for his research and writing about homosexual members of the American Armed Forces during World War II.
Amanda Donohoe (born 29 June 1962) is an English actress.
In Greek mythology, the Amazons (Ἀμαζόνες,, singular Ἀμαζών) were a tribe of women warriors related to Scythians and Sarmatians.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
Amy Maud Bock (1859 – 29 August 1943) was a Tasmanian-born New Zealand female confidence trickster and male impersonator, whose trials and cross-dressing interlude have made her a subject of perennial historical interest in her adopted country.
Amy Lawrence Lowell (February 9, 1874 – May 12, 1925) was an American poet of the imagist school from Brookline, Massachusetts.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Ann Weldy (born September 15, 1932), better known by her pen name Ann Bannon, is an American author who, from 1957 to 1962, wrote six lesbian pulp fiction novels known as The Beebo Brinker Chronicles.
Anna Seward (12 December 1742often wrongly given as 174725 March 1809) was a long-eighteenth-century English Romantic poet, often called the Swan of Lichfield.
Anne Lister (1791–1840) was a well-off Yorkshire landowner, diarist, mountaineer and traveller.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear.
Arena Three was a British monthly publication founded by Esme Langley and Diana Chapman in 1964.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Aristophanes (Ἀριστοφάνης,; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion (Cydathenaeum), was a comic playwright of ancient Athens.
Artemis (Ἄρτεμις Artemis) was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.
Audre Lorde (born Audrey Geraldine Lorde; February 18, 1934 – November 17, 1992) was an American writer, feminist, womanist, librarian, and civil rights activist.
Audrey Hepburn (born Audrey Kathleen Ruston; 4 May 192920 January 1993) was a British actress, model, dancer and humanitarian.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a disease of the vagina caused by excessive growth of bacteria.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Barbara Hammer (born May 15, 1939) is an American feminist filmmaker known for being one of the pioneers of lesbian film whose career has spanned over 40 years.
Barbara Stanwyck (born Ruby Catherine Stevens; July 16, 1907 – January 20, 1990) was an American actress, model, and dancer.
Basic Instinct is a 1992 neo-noir erotic thriller film directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Joe Eszterhas, and starring Michael Douglas and Sharon Stone.
Beard is a slang term describing a person who is used, knowingly or unknowingly, as a date, romantic partner (boyfriend or girlfriend), or spouse either to conceal infidelity or to conceal one's sexual orientation.
Beatrice Gladys Lillie (29 May 1894 – 20 January 1989), known as Bea Lillie, was a Canadian-born British actress, singer and comedic performer.
Benedetta Carlini (1591–1661) was a Catholic mystic and lesbian nun who lived in counter-reformation Italy.
Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.
Better Than Chocolate is a 1999 Canadian romantic comedy movie shot in Vancouver directed by Anne Wheeler.
Between Two Women may refer to.
The relationship between biology and sexual orientation is a subject of research.
Birmingham is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the seat of Jefferson County.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
Bisexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or romantic or sexual attraction to people of any sex or gender identity; this latter aspect is sometimes alternatively termed pansexuality. The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, all of which exist on the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.
Blackmail is an act, often criminal, involving unjustified threats to make a gain—most commonly money or property—or cause loss to another unless a demand is met.
Blood and Roses (lit) is a horror film directed by Roger Vadim.
A blue discharge (also known as a "blue ticket") was a form of administrative military discharge formerly issued by the United States beginning in 1916.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
A bob cut or bob is a short haircut for women (and occasionally men) in which the hair is typically cut straight around the head at about jaw-level, often with a fringe (or "bangs") at the front.
Bohemianism is the practice of an unconventional lifestyle, often in the company of like-minded people and with few permanent ties.
The Book of Ruth (מגילת רות, Ashkenazi pronunciation:, Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible; in most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel, as it is set "in the days when the judges judged", although the Syriac Christian tradition places it later, between Ecclesiastes and the Song of Songs.
A "Boston marriage" was, historically, the cohabitation of two women, independent of financial support from a man.
Boys Don't Cry is a 1999 American biographical film directed by Kimberly Peirce and co-written by Peirce and Andy Bienen.
Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.
Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an American supernatural drama television series created by Joss Whedon under his production tag, Mutant Enemy Productions, with later co-executive producers being Jane Espenson, David Fury, David Greenwalt, Doug Petrie, Marti Noxon, and David Solomon.
But I'm a Cheerleader is a 1999 American satirical romantic comedy film directed by Jamie Babbit and written by Brian Wayne Peterson.
Butch and femme are terms used in the lesbian and gay subculture to ascribe or acknowledge a masculine (butch) or feminine (femme) identity with its associated traits, behaviors, styles, self-perception, and so on.
Caged is a 1950 film noir directed by John Cromwell and starring Eleanor Parker, Agnes Moorehead, Ellen Corby, Betty Garde and Hope Emerson.
Cagney & Lacey is an American television series that originally aired on the CBS television network for seven seasons from March 25, 1982 to May 16, 1988.
In Greek mythology, Callisto or Kallisto (Καλλιστώ) was a nymph, or the daughter of King Lycaon; the myth varies in such details.
In Virgil's Aeneid, Camilla of the Volsci is the daughter of King Metabus and Casmilla.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Carmilla is a Gothic novella by Irish author, Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu and one of the early works of vampire fiction, predating Bram Stoker's Dracula (1897) by 26 years.
Carson McCullers (February 19, 1917 – September 29, 1967) was an American novelist, short story writer, playwright, essayist, and poet.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix.
Charles Pierre Baudelaire (April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe.
Charles Julius Hempel (5 September 1811 in Solingen, Prussia – 25 September 1879 in Grand Rapids, Michigan) was a German-born translator and homeopathic physician who worked in the United States.
Charlotte Brontë (commonly; 21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels have become classics of English literature.
Charlotte Charke (née Cibber, also Charlotte Secheverell, aka Charles Brown) (13 January 1713 – 6 April 1760) was an English actress, playwright, novelist, autobiographer, and noted transvestite.
Chasing Amy is a 1997 American romantic comedy-drama film written and directed by Kevin Smith.
Cherríe Lawrence Moraga (born September 25, 1952) is a Chicana writer, feminist activist, poet, essayist, and playwright.
Cheryl Dunye (born May 13, 1966) is a film director, producer, screenwriter, editor and actress.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Christabel is a long narrative poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, in two parts.
Christina (– 19 April 1689) reigned as Queen of Sweden from 1632 until her abdication in 1654.
Christopher Strong (a.k.a. The Great Desire and The White Moth) is a 1933 American pre-Code film, produced by RKO and directed by Dorothy Arzner.
Cynthia Ann Crawford (born February 20, 1966) is an American model and actress.
A civil union, also referred to by a variety of other names, is a legally recognized arrangement similar to marriage.
The clitoris is a female sex organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of other animals.
The Coahuiltecan were various small, autonomous bands of Native Americans who inhabited the Rio Grande valley in what is now southern Texas and northeastern Mexico.
Colette (Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette, 28 January 1873 – 3 August 1954) was a French novelist nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948.
Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Sir Compton Mackenzie, OBE (born Edward Montague Compton Mackenzie, 17 January 1883 – 30 November 1972) was an English-born Scottish writer of fiction, biography, histories and a memoir, as well as a cultural commentator, raconteur and lifelong Scottish nationalist.
"Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence" is a 1980 essay by Adrienne Rich, which was also published in her 1986 book Blood, Bread, and Poetry as a part of the radical feminism movement of the late '60s, '70s, and '80s.
A condom is a sheath-shaped barrier device, used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
The Congo River (also spelled Kongo River and known as the Zaire River) is the second longest river in Africa after the Nile and the second largest river in the world by discharge volume of water (after the Amazon), and the world's deepest river with measured depths in excess of.
The Constitution of South Africa is the supreme law of the Republic of South Africa.
Coronation Street (also informally referred to as Corrie) is a British soap opera created by Granada Television and shown on ITV since 9 December 1960.
Corrective rape is a hate crime in which one or more people are raped because of their perceived sexual orientation or gender identity.
Cosmopolitan is an international fashion magazine for women, which was formerly titled The Cosmopolitan. The magazine was first published and distributed in 1886 in the United States as a family magazine; it was later transformed into a literary magazine and eventually became a women's magazine (since 1965).
La Cousine Bette (Cousin Bette) is an 1846 novel by French author Honoré de Balzac.
The Cree (script; Cri) are one of the largest groups of First Nations in North America, with over 200,000 members living in Canada.
Cross-dressing is the act of wearing items of clothing and other accoutrements commonly associated with the opposite sex within a particular society.
The Cueva were an indigenous people who lived in the Darién region of eastern Panama.
Cunnilingus is an oral sex act performed by a person on a female's genitalia (the clitoris, other parts of the vulva or the vagina).
Cynthia Ellen Nixon (born April 9, 1966) is an American actress, activist, and gubernatorial candidate in the State of New York.
"" (German for "The Lavender Song") is a German cabaret song written in 1920 with lyrics by and music by Mischa Spoliansky and is considered one of the first gay anthems.
The Daughters of Bilitis, also called the DOB or the Daughters, was the first lesbian civil and political rights organization in the United States.
David Leonhardt (born January 1, 1973) is an American journalist and columnist writing from a liberal progressive perspective.
Deborah Sampson Gannett (December 17, 1760 – April 29, 1827), better known as Deborah Samson or Deborah Sampson, was a Massachusetts woman who disguised herself as a man in order to serve in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
Dorothy Louise Taliaferro "Del" Martin (May 5, 1921 – August 27, 2008) and Phyllis Ann Lyon (born November 10, 1924) were an American lesbian couple known as feminist and gay-rights activists.
A dental dam or rubber dam (sometimes termed "Kofferdam"—from German), designed in the United States in 1864 by Sanford Christie Barnum, is a thin, square sheet, usually latex or nitrile, used in dentistry to isolate the operative site (one or more teeth) from the rest of the mouth.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Desert Hearts is a 1985 American romantic drama film directed by Donna Deitch.
Desert of the Heart is a 1964 novel written by Jane Rule.
Designing Women is an American sitcom created by Linda Bloodworth-Thomason that aired on CBS from September 29, 1986, until May 24, 1993, producing seven seasons and 163 episodes.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
Diana (Classical Latin) was the goddess of the hunt, the moon, and nature in Roman mythology, associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals.
A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders with either no party or a weak party, little mass mobilization, and limited political pluralism.
Die Freundin (The Girlfriend: The Ideal Friendship Journal) was a popular Weimar-era German lesbian magazine published from 1924 to 1933.
A dildo is a sex toy, often explicitly phallic in appearance, intended for sexual penetration or other sexual activity during masturbation or with sex partners.
The "Dirty War" (guerra sucia) is the name used for the period of state terrorism committed by Argentina's military junta from 1974 to 1983, during which military and security forces and right-wing death squads in the form of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Triple A) hunted down any political dissidents and anyone believed to be associated with socialism, left-wing Peronism or the Montoneros movement.
In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
Djuna Barnes (June 12, 1892 – June 18, 1982) was an American writer and artist best known for her novel Nightwood (1936), a cult classic of lesbian fiction and an important work of modernist literature.
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell" is an episode of the American situation comedy series Roseanne.
Donna Deitch (born June 8, 1945 in San Francisco, California) is an American film and television director, producer, and writer best known for her 1985 film Desert Hearts.
Dorothy Allison (born April 11, 1949) is an American writer from South Carolina whose writing expresses themes of class struggle, sexual abuse, child abuse, feminism and lesbianism.
Dracula's Daughter is a 1936 American vampire horror film produced by Universal Pictures as a sequel to the 1931 film Dracula.
EastEnders is a British soap opera created by Julia Smith and Tony Holland which has been broadcast on BBC One since 1985.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
Edith Storey (March 18, 1892 – October 9, 1967) was an American actress during the silent film era.
Edmund Spenser (1552/1553 – 13 January 1599) was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.
Edward De Lacy Evans (born Ellen Tremayne or Tremaye, 1830? – 25 August 1901) was a servant, blacksmith and gold miner, who immigrated from Ireland to Australia in 1856, and made international news in 1879 when it was revealed he was born a woman.
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American political figure, diplomat and activist.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (née Moulton-Barrett,; 6 March 1806 – 29 June 1861) was an English poet of the Victorian era, popular in Britain and the United States during her lifetime.
Elizabeth Bowen, CBE (7 June 1899 – 22 February 1973) was an Anglo-Irish novelist and short story writer, notable for some of the best fiction about life in wartime London.
Ellen is an American television sitcom that aired on the ABC network from March 29, 1994, to July 22, 1998, consisting of 109 episodes.
Ellen Lee DeGeneres (born January 26, 1958) is an American comedian, television host, actress, writer, producer, and LGBT activist.
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American poet.
Emmerdale (known as Emmerdale Farm until 1989) is a British soap opera set in Emmerdale (known as Beckindale until 1994), a fictional village in the Yorkshire Dales.
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).
Enheduanna (Sumerian:, also transliterated as Enheduana, En-hedu-ana, or variants; fl. 23rd century BC) "ca.
ER is an American medical drama television series created by novelist and medical doctor Michael Crichton that aired on NBC from September 19, 1994, to April 2, 2009, with a total of 331 episodes spanning over 15 seasons.
Ernest-Aimé Feydeau (16 March 1821 – 27 October 1873) was a French writer and the father of the notorious comic playwright Georges Feydeau.
Essentialism is the view that every entity has a set of attributes that are necessary to its identity and function.
Ethel Waters (October 31, 1896 – September 1, 1977) was an American singer and actress.
Eve (Ḥawwā’; Syriac: ܚܘܐ) is a figure in the Book of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible.
Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (popularly known as Fanny Hill, an anglicisation of the Latin mons veneris, mound of Venus) is an erotic novel by English novelist John Cleland first published in London in 1748.
The feminist sex wars, also known as the lesbian sex wars, or simply the sex wars or porn wars, are terms used to refer to collective debates amongst feminists regarding a number of issues broadly relating to sexuality and sexual activity.
Fire (फायर) is a 1996 Indian-Canadian romantic drama film written and directed by Deepa Mehta, starring Shabana Azmi and Nandita Das.
Forbidden Love: The Unashamed Stories of Lesbian Lives is a 1992 Canadian documentary film about the lives of lesbians and their experiences of lesbian pulp fiction.
Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre and Forces françaises libres) were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France.
Fried Green Tomatoes is a 1991 comedy-drama film based on the novel Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe by Fannie Flagg.
Friends is an American television sitcom, created by David Crane and Marta Kauffman, which aired on NBC from September 22, 1994 to May 6, 2004, lasting ten seasons.
From Russia with Love is a 1963 British spy film and the second in the ''James Bond'' film series produced by Eon Productions, as well as Sean Connery's second role as MI6 agent James Bond.
Gale Wilhelm (April 26, 1908 – July 11, 1991) was an American writer most noted for two books that featured lesbian themes written in the 1930s: We Too Are Drifting and Torchlight to Valhalla.
Garçonne was a Weimar-era German magazine for:lesbians.
The Gateways club was a noted lesbian nightclub located at 239 Kings Road on the corner of Bramerton Street, Chelsea, London, England.
Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. is a book by Jonathan Ned Katz.
Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry, that is, apprehensive expectation about events or activities.
Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV).
Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876), best known by her nom de plume George Sand, was a French novelist and memoirist.
Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Gladys Alberta Bentley (August 12, 1907 – January 18, 1960) was an American blues singer, pianist, and entertainer during the Harlem Renaissance.
Glamour is a women's magazine published by Condé Nast Publications.
Go Fish is a 1994 American lesbian-themed independent drama film written by Guinevere Turner and Rose Troche and directed by Rose Troche.
Gold Medal Books, launched by Fawcett Publications in 1950, was a U.S. book publisher known for introducing paperback originals, a publishing innovation at the time.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Greenwich Village often referred to by locals as simply "the Village", is a neighborhood on the west side of Lower Manhattan, New York City.
Greta Garbo (born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson; 18 September 1905 – 15 April 1990) was a Swedish film actress during the 1920s and 1930s.
Gustave Flaubert (12 December 1821 – 8 May 1880) was a French novelist.
Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts.
Hilda "H.D." Doolittle (September 10, 1886 – September 27, 1961) was an American poet, novelist, and memoirist, associated with the early 20th century avant-garde Imagist group of poets, including Ezra Pound and Richard Aldington.
Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
A hate crime (also known as a bias-motivated crime or bias crime) is a prejudice-motivated crime which occurs when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her membership (or perceived membership) in a certain social group or race.
The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa and general: Hausa; exonyms: Ausa) are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
Henry Havelock Ellis, known as Havelock Ellis (2 February 1859 – 8 July 1939), was an English physician, writer, progressive intellectual and social reformer who studied human sexuality.
Heavenly Creatures is a 1994 New Zealand psychological drama directed by Peter Jackson, from a screenplay he co-wrote with his partner, Fran Walsh, about the notorious 1954 Parker–Hulme murder case in Christchurch, New Zealand.
Henry Fielding (22 April 1707 – 8 October 1754) was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich, earthy humour and satirical prowess, and as the author of the picaresque novel Tom Jones.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline.
In biology, a hermaphrodite is an organism that has complete or partial reproductive organs and produces gametes normally associated with both male and female sexes.
Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2), also known as human herpesvirus 1 and 2 (HHV-1 and HHV-2), are two members of the herpesvirus family, Herpesviridae, that infect humans.
Heterosexism is a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favor of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships.
Heterosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between persons of the opposite sex or gender.
Lesbianism is the sexual and romantic desire between females.
This article addresses the history of lesbianism in the United States. Unless otherwise noted, the members of same-sex female couples discussed here are not known to be lesbian (rather than for example bisexual), but they are mentioned as part of discussing the practice of lesbianism — that is, same-sex female sexual and romantic behavior.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Holly Elizabeth Robinson Peete (born September 18, 1964) is an American actress and singer.
Hollyoaks is a British soap opera, first broadcast on Channel 4 on 23 October 1995.
Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
An honor killing or shame killing is the murder of a member of a family, due to the perpetrators' belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonor upon the family, or has violated the principles of a community or a religion, usually for reasons such as refusing to enter an arranged marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by their family, having sex outside marriage, becoming the victim of rape, dressing in ways which are deemed inappropriate, engaging in non-heterosexual relations or renouncing a faith.
Honora Edgeworth (née Sneyd; 1751 – 1 May 1780) was an eighteenth-century English writer, mainly known for her associations with literary figures of the day particularly Anna Seward and the Lunar Society, and for her work on children's education.
Honoré de Balzac (born Honoré Balzac, 20 May 1799 – 18 August 1850) was a French novelist and playwright.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House Select Committee on Current Pornographic Materials, commonly known as the Gathings Committee, was a select committee of the United States House of Representatives which was active in 1952 and 1953.
Human body weight refers to a person's mass or weight.
Human papillomavirus infection is an infection by human papillomavirus (HPV).
Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality.
In psychology, identity is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity) or group (particular social category or social group).
Inanna was the ancient Sumerian goddess of love, beauty, sex, desire, fertility, war, combat, justice, and political power.
The International Lesbian Information Service (ILIS) was an international organization which aimed at fostering international lesbian organizing.
The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 750 LGBTI groups from around the world.
Iphis (Ἶφις) was a name attributed to the following individuals in Greek mythology.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
James Shirley (or Sherley) (September 1596 – October 1666) was an English dramatist.
Jane Vance Rule, CM, OBC (28 March 1931 – 27 November 2007) was a Canadian writer of lesbian-themed novels and non-fiction.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jeannette Augustus Marks (August 16, 1875 – March 15, 1964) was an American professor at Mount Holyoke College.
Jeannette Howard Foster (November 3, 1895 – July 26, 1981) was an American librarian, professor, poet, and researcher in the field of lesbian literature.
Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; March 23, c. 1904 – May 10, 1977) was an American film and television actress who began her career as a dancer and stage showgirl. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Crawford tenth on its list of the greatest female stars of Classic Hollywood Cinema. Beginning her career as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies, before debuting as a chorus girl on Broadway, Crawford signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925. In the 1930s, Crawford's fame rivaled, and later outlasted, MGM colleagues Norma Shearer and Greta Garbo. Crawford often played hard-working young women who find romance and success. These stories were well received by Depression-era audiences, and were popular with women. Crawford became one of Hollywood's most prominent movie stars, and one of the highest-paid women in the United States, but her films began losing money, and, by the end of the 1930s, she was labelled "box office poison". But her career gradually improved in the early 1940s, and she made a major comeback in 1945 by starring in Mildred Pierce, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She would go on to receive Best Actress nominations for Possessed (1947) and Sudden Fear (1952). She continued to act in film and television throughout the 1950s and 1960s; she achieved box office success with the highly successful horror film Whatever Happened To Baby Jane? (1962), in which she starred alongside Bette Davis, her long-time rival. In 1955, Crawford became involved with the Pepsi-Cola Company through her marriage to company Chairman Alfred Steele. After his death in 1959, Crawford was elected to fill his vacancy on the board of directors, serving until she was forcibly retired in 1973. After the release of the British horror film Trog in 1970, Crawford retired from the screen. Following a public appearance in 1974, after which unflattering photographs were published, Crawford withdrew from public life and became increasingly reclusive until her death in 1977. Crawford married four times. Her first three marriages ended in divorce; the last ended with the death of husband Alfred Steele. She adopted five children, one of whom was reclaimed by his birth mother. Crawford's relationships with her two elder children, Christina and Christopher, were acrimonious. Crawford disinherited the two, and, after Crawford's death, Christina wrote a well-known "tell-all" memoir titled Mommie Dearest (1978).
Joan Nestle (born May 12, 1940) is a Lambda Award winning writer and editor and a founder of the Lesbian Herstory Archives, which holds, among other things, everything she has ever written.
John Cleland (baptised 24 September 1709 – 23 January 1789) was an English novelist best known as the author of Fanny Hill: or, the Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure.
John Donne (22 January 1572 – 31 March 1631) was an English poet and cleric in the Church of England.
Jonathan Ned Katz (born 1938) is an American historian of human sexuality who has focused on same-sex attraction and changes in the social organization of sexuality over time.
Jorge Rafael Videla (2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a senior commander in the Argentine Army and dictator of Argentina from 1976 to 1981.
Judy Hill Nelson is an American author best known for her 1983–1991 romance (while married) with and eventual palimony suit against women's tennis star Martina Navratilova.
Kathryn Dawn Lang, OC (born November 2, 1961), known by her stage name k.d. lang, is a Canadian pop and country singer-songwriter and occasional actress.
Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an American actress.
Kathleen Mansfield Murry (née Beauchamp; 14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist short story writer who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield.
Katy Boyer (Katherine McLeod Boyer) is an American actress.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction (often shortened to The Kinsey Institute) was a nonprofit research institute at Indiana University until November 30, 2016, when it merged with Indiana University "abolishing the 1947 independent incorporation absolutely and completely." It was established in Bloomington, Indiana in 1947.
The Kinsey Reports are two books on human sexual behavior, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), written by Alfred Kinsey, Paul Gebhard, Wardell Pomeroy and others and published by Saunders.
Kissing Jessica Stein is a 2001 American independent romantic comedy film, written and co-produced by the film's stars, Jennifer Westfeldt and Heather Juergensen.
L.A. Law is an American television legal drama series that ran for eight seasons on NBC, from September 15, 1986 to May 19, 1994.
La Fille aux yeux d'or (English: The Girl With the Golden Eyes) is a novella by Honoré de Balzac.
Ladies Almanack, or Ladies Almanack: showing their Signs and their Tides; their Moons and their Changes; the Seasons as it is with them; their Eclipses and Equinoxes; as well as a full Record of diurnal and nocturnal Distempers, written & illustrated by a lady of fashion, was written by Djuna Barnes in 1928.
The "Ladies of Llangollen", Eleanor Butler and Sarah Ponsonby, were two upper-class Irish women whose relationship during the late 18th and early 19th century scandalized and fascinated their contemporaries.
Ladies' Home Journal is an American magazine published by the Meredith Corporation.
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (baptised 26 May 1689 – 21 August 1762) (née Pierrepont) was an English aristocrat, letter writer and poet.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
The Leeds Revolutionary Feminist Group was a feminist organisation active in the United Kingdom in the 1970s and 1980s.
A lesbian bar (sometimes called a "women's bar") is a drinking establishment that caters exclusively or predominantly to lesbian women.
Lesbian bed death is a concept in which lesbian couples in committed relationships have less sex than any other type of couple, and generally experience less sexual intimacy the longer the relationship lasts.
Lesbian erotica deals with depictions in the visual arts of lesbianism, which is the expression of female-to-female sexuality.
Lesbian feminism is a cultural movement and critical perspective, most influential in the 1970s and early 1980s (primarily in North America and Western Europe), that encourages women to direct their energies toward other women rather than men, and often advocates lesbianism as the logical result of feminism.
The Lesbian Herstory Archives (LHA) is a New York City-based archive, community center, and museum dedicated to preserving lesbian history, located in Park Slope, Brooklyn.
The "lesbian kiss episode" is a subgenre of the media portrayal of lesbianism in American television media, created in the 1990s.
Lesbian literature is a subgenre of literature addressing lesbian themes.
Lesbian pulp fiction is a genre of lesbian literature that refers to any mid-20th century paperback novel or pulp magazine with overtly lesbian themes and content.
Lesbian sexual practices are sexual activities involving women who have sex with women, regardless of their sexual orientation.
Lesbos wine is wine made on the Greek island of Lesbos in the Aegean Sea.
Lesbophobia (sometimes lesbiphobia) comprises various forms of negativity towards lesbians as individuals, as couples, or as a social group.
Lesbos (Λέσβος), or Lezbolar in Turkish sometimes referred to as Mytilene after its capital, is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea.
Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho ('Muso oa Lesotho), is an enclaved country in southern Africa.
LGBT themes in speculative fiction refer to the incorporation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) themes into science fiction, fantasy, horror fiction and related genres.
Lianna is a 1983 drama film written and directed by John Sayles and starring Linda Griffiths, Jane Hallaren, and Jon DeVries.
Lillian Faderman (born July 18, 1940) is an American historian whose books on lesbian history and LGBT history have earned critical praise and awards.
Lillian Florence Hellman (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism.
Lindsay Dee Lohan (born July 2, 1986) is an American actress, businesswoman, fashion designer and singer.
A list of notable lesbian magazines, periodicals, newsletters, and journals.
Lorena Alice "Hick" Hickok (March 7, 1893 – May 1, 1968) was an American journalist known for her close relationship with First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.
Mary Louise Brooks (November 14, 1906 – August 8, 1985), who worked professionally as Louise Brooks, was an American film actress and dancer noted as an iconic symbol of the flapper, and for popularizing the bobbed haircut.
Louise Labé, (c. 1524, Lyon – 25 April 1566, Parcieux), also identified as La Belle Cordière (The Beautiful Ropemaker), was a feminist French poet of the Renaissance born in Lyon, the daughter of wealthy ropemaker Pierre Charly and his second wife, Etiennette Roybet.
"Ma" Rainey (born Gertrude Pridgett, September 1882 or April 26, 1886 – December 22, 1939) was one of the earliest African-American professional blues singers and one of the first generation of blues singers to record.
Mabel Evans Dodge Sterne Luhan (pronounced LOO-hahn; née Ganson; February 26, 1879 – August 13, 1962) was a wealthy American patron of the arts, who was particularly associated with the Taos art colony.
Mad About You is an American sitcom that aired on NBC from September 23, 1992 to May 24, 1999.
Mademoiselle was a women's magazine first published in 1935 by Street and Smith and later acquired by Condé Nast Publications.
Madonna Louise Ciccone (born August 16, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman.
Magnus Hirschfeld (14 May 1868 – 14 May 1935) was a German Jewish physician and sexologist educated primarily in Germany; he based his practice in Berlin-Charlottenburg.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
A manifesto is a published verbal declaration of the intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Mapuche or Mapudungun (from mapu 'land' and dungun 'speak, speech') is a language isolate spoken in south-central Chile and west central Argentina by the Mapuche people (from mapu 'land' and che 'people').
Marcus Welby, M.D. is an American medical drama television program that aired Tuesdays at 10:00–11:00 p.m. (EST) on ABC from September 23, 1969, to July 29, 1976.
Sarah Margaret Fuller Ossoli (May 23, 1810 – July 19, 1850), commonly known as Margaret Fuller, was an American journalist, critic, and women's rights advocate associated with the American transcendentalism movement.
Marguerite Yourcenar (8 June 1903 – 17 December 1987) was a French novelist and essayist born in Brussels, Belgium, who became a US citizen in 1947.
Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution.
Mariel Hadley Hemingway (born November 22, 1961) is an American actress.
Marijane Meaker (born May 27, 1927) is an American novelist and short story writer in several genres using different pen names.
Mario Praz KBE (September 6, 1896, Rome – March 23, 1982, Rome) was an Italian-born critic of art and literature, and a scholar of English literature.
Marie Magdalene "Marlene" Dietrich (27 December 1901 – 6 May 1992) was a German actress and singer who held both German and American citizenship.
Martina Navratilova (Martina Navrátilová; born Martina Šubertová; October 18, 1956) is a former Czechoslovak and later American professional tennis player and coach.
Mary Emma Woolley (July 13, 1863 – September 5, 1947) was an American educator, peace activist and women's suffrage supporter.
Mary Hamilton (fl. 1746) was the subject of a notorious 18th-century case of fraud and female cross-dressing, in which Hamilton, under the name of Charles, duped a woman into a supposed marriage.
Mary Renault (4 September 1905 – 13 December 1983), born Eileen Mary Challans, was an English writer best known for her historical novels set in ancient Greece.
Mary Wollstonecraft (27 April 1759 – 10 September 1797) was an English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights.
Mary: A Fiction is the only complete novel by 18th-century British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.
Masturbation is the sexual stimulation of one's own genitals for sexual arousal or other sexual pleasure, usually to the point of orgasm.
(Girls in Uniform) is a 1931 German feature-length film based on the play (Then and Now, lit. Yesterday and Today) by Christa Winsloe and directed by Leontine Sagan with artistic direction from Carl Froelich, who also funded the film.
Medical Center is an American medical drama series which aired on CBS from 1969 to 1976.
Melissa Lou Etheridge (born May 29, 1961) is an American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and activist.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Michele Dominguez Greene (born February 13, 1962, in Las Vegas, Nevada) is an American actress, singer/songwriter and author.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Minority stress describes chronically high levels of stress faced by members of stigmatized minority groups.
Misogyny is the hatred of, contempt for, or prejudice against women or girls.
Mohave or Mojave (Mojave: 'Aha Makhav) are a Native American people indigenous to the Colorado River in the Mojave Desert.
Mongo, also called Nkundo or Mongo-Nkundu (Lomongo, Lonkundu), is a Bantu language spoken by several of the Mongo peoples in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
A monocle is a type of corrective lens used to correct or enhance the vision in only one eye.
Monster is a 2003 biographical crime drama film written and directed by Patty Jenkins.
Morocco is a 1930 American Pre-Code romantic drama film directed by Josef von Sternberg and starring Gary Cooper, Marlene Dietrich, and Adolphe Menjou.
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968.
Mount Holyoke College is a liberal arts college for women, in South Hadley, Massachusetts, United States.
N.Y.P.D. is the title of a half-hour American television crime drama of the 1960s set in the context of the New York City Police Department.
Natalie Clifford Barney (October 31, 1876 – February 2, 1972) was an American playwright, poet and novelist who lived as an expatriate in Paris.
The National Academies Press (NAP) was created to publish the reports issued by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Medicine, and the National Research Council.
The National LGBTQ Task Force is an American social justice advocacy non-profit organizing the grassroots power of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) community.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
The New Left was a broad political movement mainly in the 1960s and 1970s consisting of activists in the Western world who campaigned for a broad range of social issues such as civil and political rights, feminism, gay rights, abortion rights, gender roles and drug policy reforms.
"New Queer Cinema" is a term first coined by the academic B. Ruby Rich in Sight & Sound magazine in 1992 to define and describe a movement in queer-themed independent filmmaking in the early 1990s.
New Wave may refer to.
The New Woman was a feminist ideal that emerged in the late nineteenth century and had a profound influence on feminism well into the twentieth century.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Nightwood is a 1936 novel by Djuna Barnes first published in London by Faber and Faber.
Nitrate Kisses is a 1992 experimental documentary film directed by Barbara Hammer.
NORC at the University of Chicago is one of the largest independent social research organizations in the United States, established in 1941.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
An obscenity is any utterance or act that strongly offends the prevalent morality of the time.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament.
Olivia (also known as The Pit of Loneliness) is a 1951 French film directed by Jacqueline Audry, and based on the 1950 semi-autobiographical novel by Dorothy Bussy.
Oral sex, sometimes referred to as oral intercourse, is sexual activity involving the stimulation of the genitalia of a person by another person using the mouth (including the lips, tongue or teeth) or throat.
Orgasm (from Greek ὀργασμός orgasmos "excitement, swelling"; also sexual climax) is the sudden discharge of accumulated sexual excitement during the sexual response cycle, resulting in rhythmic muscular contractions in the pelvic region characterized by sexual pleasure.
Original sin, also called "ancestral sin", is a Christian belief of the state of sin in which humanity exists since the fall of man, stemming from Adam and Eve's rebellion in Eden, namely the sin of disobedience in consuming the forbidden fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Orlando: A Biography is a novel by Virginia Woolf, first published on 11 October 1928.
Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary.
Pandora's Box (Die Büchse der Pandora) is a 1929 German silent melodrama film based on Frank Wedekind's plays Erdgeist (Earth Spirit, 1895) and Die Büchse der Pandora (1904).
The Papanicolaou test (abbreviated as Pap test, also known as Pap smear, cervical smear, or smear test) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (opening of the uterus or womb).
Paragraph 175 (known formally as §175 StGB; also known as Section 175 in English) was a provision of the German Criminal Code from 15 May 1871 to 10 March 1994.
Patricia Highsmith (January 19, 1921 – February 4, 1995) was an American novelist and short story writer best known for her psychological thrillers, including her series of five novels based on the character of Tom Ripley.
Pederasty in ancient Greece was a socially acknowledged romantic relationship between an adult male (the erastes) and a younger male (the eromenos) usually in his teens.
Penance is repentance of sins as well as an alternate name for the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox sacrament of Reconciliation or Confession.
Pepper Schwartz (born May 11, 1945) is an American sociologist and sexologist teaching at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington, United States.
Personal Best is a 1982 film centered on a group of women trying to qualify for the American track-and-field team bound for the 1980 Olympic Games.
Sir Peter Robert Jackson (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter and film producer.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Picket Fences is an American television drama about the residents of the town of Rome, Wisconsin, created and produced by David E. Kelley.
Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme (– 15 July 1614), also known as the abbé de Brantôme, was a French historian, soldier, and biographer.
Pierre Louÿs (10 December 1870 – 6 June 1925) was a French poet and writer, most renowned for lesbian and classical themes in some of his writings.
The pillory was a device made of a wooden or metal framework erected on a post, with holes for securing the head and hands, formerly used for punishment by public humiliation and often further physical abuse.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Police Story is an anthology television crime drama that aired on NBC from 1973 through 1978.
Police Woman is an American television Police procedural starring Angie Dickinson that ran on NBC for four seasons, from September 13, 1974, to March 29, 1978.
Polity is a publisher in the social sciences and humanities.
Pornography (often abbreviated porn) is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal.
Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over 100,000 painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.
Prejudice is an affective feeling towards a person or group member based solely on that person's group membership.
Queen Christina is a pre-Code Hollywood biographical film, produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1933 by Walter Wanger and directed by Rouben Mamoulian.
Queer as Folk is an American-Canadian drama television series that ran from December 3, 2000 to August 7, 2005.
Marguerite Radclyffe Hall (12 August 1880 – 7 October 1943) was an English poet and author.
Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements.
Rebecca is a 1940 American romantic psychological thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
Reference.com is an online encyclopedia, thesaurus, and dictionary.
The Regents of the University of California is the governing board of the University of California system.
Relativity is an American drama television series which followed a twenty-something couple, Isabel Lukens (played by Kimberly Williams) and Leo Roth (played by David Conrad), and the lives and loves of their friends and siblings in Los Angeles.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902; full name Richard Fridolin Joseph Freiherr Krafft von Festenberg auf Frohnberg, genannt von Ebing) was an Austro–German psychiatrist and author of the foundational work Psychopathia Sexualis (1886).
Rita Mae Brown (born November 28, 1944) is an American writer, activist, and feminist.
Romaine Brooks, born Beatrice Romaine Goddard (May 1, 1874 – December 7, 1970), was an American painter who worked mostly in Paris and Capri.
Roman à clef (anglicised as), French for novel with a key, is a novel about real life, overlaid with a façade of fiction.
Romantic comedy (also known as the portmanteaus romedy or romcom) is a genre with light-hearted, humorous plotlines, centered on romantic ideals such as that true love is able to surmount most obstacles.
A romantic friendship or passionate friendship is a very close but typically non-sexual relationship between friends, often involving a degree of physical closeness beyond that which is common in the contemporary Western societies.
Colonel Rosa Klebb is a fictional character and the main antagonist from the James Bond 1957 novel and 1963 film From Russia with Love.
Rose Troche (born 1964 in Chicago) is an American film and television director, television producer, and screenwriter.
Roseanne is an American television sitcom starring Roseanne Barr.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rubyfruit Jungle is the first novel by Rita Mae Brown.
Ruth Barrett is a British music composer.
Ruth Margarete Roellig (14 December 1878 – 31 July 1969) was a German writer.
Sadomasochism is the giving or receiving pleasure from acts involving the receipt or infliction of pain or humiliation.
Salammbô (1862) is a historical novel by Gustave Flaubert.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony.
In statistics, quality assurance, and survey methodology, sampling is the selection of a subset (a statistical sample) of individuals from within a statistical population to estimate characteristics of the whole population.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 177225 July 1834) was an English poet, literary critic, philosopher and theologian who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets.
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN) is a democratic socialist political party in Nicaragua.
Sandra Dale “Sandy” Dennis (April 27, 1937 – March 2, 1992) was an American theater and film actress.
Sappho (Aeolic Greek Ψαπφώ, Psappho; c. 630 – c. 570 BC) was an archaic Greek poet from the island of Lesbos.
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (née Jenyns, spelt Jennings in most modern references; 5 June 1660 (Old Style) – 18 October 1744) rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship with Queen Anne of Great Britain.
Séraphîta is a French novel by Honoré de Balzac with themes of androgyny.
The school story is a fiction genre centering on older pre-adolescent and adolescent school life, at its most popular in the first half of the twentieth century.
The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (German: Wissenschaftlich-humanitäres Komitee, WhK) was founded in Berlin on 14 or 15 May 1897, to campaign for social recognition of gay, bisexual and transgender men and women, and against their legal persecution.
Second-wave feminism is a period of feminist activity and thought that began in the United States in the early 1960s and lasted roughly two decades.
Sexology is the scientific study of human sexuality, including human sexual interests, behaviors and functions.
Sexual assault is an act in which a person coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.
Sexual identity is how one thinks of oneself in terms of to whom one is romantically or sexually attracted.
Sexual inversion is a term used by sexologists, primarily in the late 19th and early 20th century, to refer to homosexuality.
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
The sexual revolution, also known as a time of sexual liberation, was a social movement that challenged traditional codes of behavior related to sexuality and interpersonal relationships throughout the United States and subsequently, the wider world, from the 1960s to the 1980s.
Sexually transmitted infections (STI), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or venereal diseases (VD), are infections that are commonly spread by sexual activity, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex.
Sharon Yvonne Stone (born March 10, 1958) is an American actress, producer, and former fashion model.
Sheila Jeffreys (born 13 May 1948) is a former professor of political science at the University of Melbourne.
Shelley Winters (born Shirley Schrift; August 18, 1920 – January 14, 2006) was an American actress whose career spanned five decades.
Shere Hite (born November 2, 1942) is an American-born German sex educator and feminist.
Joseph Thomas Sheridan Le Fanu (28 August 1814 – 7 February 1873) was an Irish writer of Gothic tales, mystery novels, and horror fiction.
Shirley MacLaine (née Beaty; born April 24, 1934) is an American film, television and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author.
Showtime is an American premium cable and satellite television network that serves as the flagship service of the Showtime Networks subsidiary of CBS Corporation, which also owns sister services The Movie Channel and Flix.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Silkwood is a 1983 American biographical drama film directed by Mike Nichols and starring Meryl Streep, Cher and Kurt Russell.
Sinister Wisdom is a lesbian literary, theory, and art journal published quarterly in Berkeley, California.
A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change.
Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Social status is the relative respect, competence, and deference accorded to people, groups, and organizations in a society.
Sodomy is generally anal or oral sex between people or sexual activity between a person and a non-human animal (bestiality), but it may also mean any non-procreative sexual activity.
Speyer (older spelling Speier, known as Spire in French and formerly as Spires in English) is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, with approximately 50,000 inhabitants.
Spring Fire, is a 1952 paperback novel written by Marijane Meaker, under the pseudonym "Vin Packer".
A squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) is an abnormal growth of epithelial cells on the surface of the cervix, commonly called squamous cells.
Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (sometimes abbreviated to DS9) is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe in the Milky Way galaxy, in the years 2369–2375.
Star Trek: The Next Generation (abbreviated as TNG and ST:TNG) is an American science-fiction television series in the Star Trek franchise created by Gene Roddenberry that ran from 1987 to 1994.
The Stonewall riots (also referred to as the Stonewall uprising or the Stonewall rebellion) were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay (LGBT) communityAt the time, the term "gay" was commonly used to refer to all LGBT people.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Suicidal ideation, also known as suicidal thoughts, is thinking about or having an unusual preoccupation with suicide.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Sumerian religion was the religion practiced and adhered to by the people of Sumer, the first literate civilization of ancient Mesopotamia.
The State University of New York Press (or SUNY Press), is a university press and a Center for Scholarly Communication.
Sylvia Scarlett is a 1935 romantic comedy film starring Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant, based on The Early Life and Adventures of Sylvia Scarlett, a novel by Compton MacKenzie.
Symbolic annihilation is a term first used by George Gerbner in 1976 to describe the absence of representation, or underrepresentation, of some group of people in the media (often based on their race, sex, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, etc.), understood in the social sciences to be a means of maintaining social inequality.
The Symposium (Συμπόσιον) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385–370 BC.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.
Tallulah Brockman Bankhead (January 31, 1902 – December 12, 1968) was an American actress of the stage and screen.
Tara Maclay is a fictional character created for the action-horror/fantasy television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997–2003).
Terry Castle (born October 18, 1953) is an American literary scholar.
Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier (30 August 1811 – 23 October 1872) was a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.
The Balcony is a 1963 film adaptation of Jean Genet's play The Balcony, directed by Joseph Strick.
The Beverly Hillbillies is an American sitcom originally broadcast on CBS from 1962 to 1971.
The Bird in a Cage, or The Beauties is a Caroline era comedy written by James Shirley, first published in 1633.
The Bold Ones: The New Doctors (also known as The New Doctors) is an American medical drama that lasted for four seasons on NBC, from 1969 to 1973.
The Celluloid Closet is a 1995 American documentary film directed and written by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman.
The Children's Hour (released as The Loudest Whisper in the United Kingdom) is a 1961 American drama film directed by William Wyler.
The Children's Hour is a 1934 American play by Lillian Hellman.
The Color Purple is a 1985 American period drama film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Menno Meyjes, based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name by Alice Walker.
The Eleventh Hour is an American medical drama about psychiatry starring Wendell Corey, Jack Ging and Ralph Bellamy, which aired 62 new episodes plus selected rebroadcasts on NBC from October 3, 1962, to September 9, 1964.
The Facts of Life is an American sitcom and a spin-off of Diff'rent Strokes that originally aired on NBC from August 24, 1979 to May 7, 1988, making it one of the longest-running sitcoms of the 1980s.
The Faerie Queene is an English epic poem by Edmund Spenser.
The Fox is a 1967 Canadian drama film directed by Mark Rydell.
The Furies Collective was a communal lesbian group in Washington, D.C. that was established in the summer of 1971.
The Golden Girls is an American sitcom created by Susan Harris that originally aired on NBC from September 14, 1985, to May 9, 1992, with a total of 180 half-hour episodes spanning seven seasons.
The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is a multi-platform American digital and print magazine founded in 1930 and focusing on the Hollywood film industry, television, and entertainment industries, as well as Hollywood's intersection with fashion, finance, law, technology, lifestyle, and politics.
The Hunger is a 1983 British-American erotic horror film directed by Tony Scott and starring Catherine Deneuve, David Bowie, and Susan Sarandon.
The Incredibly True Adventure of Two Girls in Love is a 1995 film, written and directed by Maria Maggenti and starring Laurel Holloman, Nicole Ari Parker, and Maggie Moore.
The Killing of Sister George is a 1968 film directed by Robert Aldrich based on the 1964 play by Frank Marcus.
The L Word is an American/Canadian co-production television drama series portraying the lives of a group of lesbians and their friends, connections, family, and lovers in the trendy Greater Los Angeles, California city of West Hollywood.
The Ladder was the first nationally distributed lesbian publication in the United States.
The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis (also known as simply Dobie Gillis or Max Shulman's Dobie Gillis in later seasons and in syndication) is an American sitcom that aired on CBS from September 29, 1959, to June 5, 1963.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Price of Salt (later republished under the title Carol) is a 1952 romance novel by Patricia Highsmith, first published under the pseudonym "Claire Morgan".
"The Puppy Episode" is a two-part episode of the situation comedy television series Ellen.
The Watermelon Woman is a 1996 romantic comedy-drama film written, directed, and edited by Cheryl Dunye.
The Well of Loneliness is a lesbian novel by British author Radclyffe Hall that was first published in 1928 by Jonathan Cape.
"The Woman-Identified Woman" was a ten-paragraph manifesto, written by the Radicalesbians in 1970.
Thelma Ellen Wood (July 3, 1901 – December 10, 1970) was an American sculptor.
These Three is a 1936 American drama film directed by William Wyler.
Third gender or third sex is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia.
A tomboy is a girl who exhibits characteristics or behaviors considered typical of a boy,, SpringerLink, Archives of Sexual Behavior, Volume 31, Number 4 including wearing masculine clothing and engaging in games and activities that are physical in nature and are considered in many cultures to be unfeminine or the domain of boys.
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex.
Transvestism is the practice of dressing and acting in a style or manner traditionally associated with the opposite sex.
Tribadism or tribbing, commonly known by its scissoring position, is a sex act in which a woman rubs her vulva against her partner's body for sexual stimulation, especially for ample stimulation of the clitoris.
Trichomoniasis (trich) is an infectious disease caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.
Twelfth Night, or What You WillUse of spelling, capitalization, and punctuation in the First Folio: "Twelfe Night, Or what you will" is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written around 1601–1602 as a Twelfth Night's entertainment for the close of the Christmas season.
Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some indigenous North Americans to describe certain people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial role in their cultures.
UCLA Center for the Study of Women (CSW) is an organized unit at the University of California, Los Angeles and a member of the.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) is the United States' official memorial to the Holocaust.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
The University of Massachusetts Press is a university press that is part of the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
From John Addington Symonds' 1891 book ''A Problem in Modern Ethics''. Uranian is a 19th-century term that referred to a person of a third sex—originally, someone with "a female psyche in a male body" who is sexually attracted to men, and later extended to cover homosexual gender variant females, and a number of other sexual types.
V for Vendetta is a 2005 dystopian political thriller film directed by James McTeigue and written by The Wachowski Brothers, based on the 1988 DC/Vertigo Comics limited series of the same name by Alan Moore and David Lloyd.
In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
Valerie Taylor (September 7, 1913 – October 22, 1997) was an American author of books published in the lesbian pulp fiction genre, as well as poetry and novels after the "golden age" of lesbian pulp fiction.
Vampyros Lesbos (Las Vampiras) is a 1971 West German-Spanish horror film directed and co-written by Jesús Franco.
Vanity Fair is a magazine of popular culture, fashion, and current affairs published by Condé Nast in the United States.
Vern Leroy Bullough (July 24, 1928 – June 21, 2006) was an American historian and sexologist.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Villette is an 1853 novel written by English author Charlotte Brontë.
Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
Victoria Mary Sackville-West, Lady Nicolson, CH (9 March 1892 – 2 June 1962), usually known as Vita Sackville-West, was an English poet, novelist, and garden designer.
Vito Russo (July 11, 1946 – November 7, 1990) was an American LGBT activist, film historian and author who is best remembered as the author of the book The Celluloid Closet (1981, revised edition 1987).
Vogue is a fashion and lifestyle magazine covering many topics including fashion, beauty, culture, living, and runway.
Walk on the Wild Side is a 1962 film directed by Edward Dmytryk, adapted from the 1956 novel A Walk on the Wild Side by American author Nelson Algren.
The United States Naval Reserve (Women's Reserve), better known as the WAVES for the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service, was the World War II women's branch of the United States Naval Reserve.
WBMA-LD, virtual channel 58 (UHF digital channel 40), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
The Western Cape (Wes-Kaap, Ntshona Koloni) is a province of South Africa, situated on the south-western coast of the country.
When Night is Falling is a 1995 Canadian drama film directed by Patricia Rozema.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
William Wyler (July 1, 1902 – July 27, 1981) was an American film director, producer and screenwriter.
Willow Danielle Rosenberg is a fictional character created for the fantasy television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997–2003).
Women who have sex with women (WSW) are women who engage in sexual activities with other women, whether or not they identify themselves as lesbian, bisexual, pansexual, heterosexual, or dispense with sexual identification altogether.
The Women's Army Corps (WAC) was the women's branch of the United States Army.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yemen (al-Yaman), officially known as the Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
Ying Shao (140-206), courtesy name Zhongyuan, was an official, writer and historian who lived during the Eastern Han dynasty of China.
, also known by the wasei-eigo construction, is a Japanese jargon term for content and a genre involving lesbian relationships in manga, anime, and related Japanese media.
Zuni (also formerly Zuñi) is a language of the Zuni people, indigenous to western New Mexico and eastern Arizona in the United States.
21 Jump Street is an American police procedural television series that aired on the Fox network and in first run syndication from April 12, 1987, to April 27, 1991, with a total of 103 episodes.
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