24 relations: Électricité de France, Civil and political rights, Democratization, Deregulation, Drug liberalization, Economic liberalism, Economic liberalization, Emancipation, Energy liberalisation, European Union, Free market, Free trade, German reunification, Government, Marketization, Oligopoly, Overseas Development Institute, Prentice Hall, Privatization, Public, Regulation, Sovereign state, Vattenfall, Washington Consensus.
Électricité de France S.A. (EDF; Electricity of France) is a French electric utility company, largely owned by the French state.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Democratization (or democratisation) is the transition to a more democratic political regime.
Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere.
Drug liberalization is the process of eliminating or reducing drug prohibition laws.
Economic liberalism is an economic system organized on individual lines, which means the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by individuals or households rather than by collective institutions or organizations.
Economic liberalization (or economic liberalisation) is the lessening of government regulations and restrictions in an economy in exchange for greater participation by private entities; the doctrine is associated with classical liberalism.
Emancipation is any effort to procure economic and social rights, political rights or equality, often for a specifically disenfranchised group, or more generally, in discussion of such matters.
Energy liberalisation refers to the liberalisation of energy markets, with specific reference to electricity generation markets, by bringing greater competition into electricity and gas markets in the interest of creating more competitive markets and reductions in price by privatisation.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Marketization or marketisation is a restructuring process that enables state enterprises to operate as market-oriented firms by changing the legal environment in which they operate.
An oligopoly (from Ancient Greek ὀλίγος (olígos) "few" + πωλεῖν (polein) "to sell") is a market form wherein a market or industry is dominated by a small number of large sellers (oligopolists).
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is an independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues, founded in 1960.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.
In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings.
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Vattenfall is a Swedish power company, wholly owned by the Swedish government.
The Washington Consensus is a set of 10 economic policy prescriptions considered to constitute the "standard" reform package promoted for crisis-wracked developing countries by Washington, D.C.–based institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and United States Department of the Treasury.