119 relations: Alban Berg, Alberto Franchetti, Alexander Serov, Amilcare Ponchielli, Andrea Chénier, Antonio Salieri, Aria, Arrigo Boito, Ballad opera, Ballet, Betty Grable, Broadway (Manhattan), Cantata, Capriccio (opera), Carmen Miranda, Carousel (musical), Charles Dickens, Classical music, Claude Debussy, Composer, Daniel Auber, Don Ameche, Dorothy Heyward, Drama, Dresden, DuBose Heyward, Duet, Eugène Scribe, Ferenc Molnár, Fiddler on the Roof, Four Saints in Three Acts, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Gaetano Donizetti, Georg Büchner, George Bernard Shaw, George Gershwin, Georges Bizet, Gertrude Stein, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Giacomo Puccini, Gilbert and Sullivan, Gioachino Rossini, Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti, Giuseppe Verdi, Green Grow the Lilacs (play), Guido Menasci, Hamburg, Hector Berlioz, Henri Meilhac, Henry Purcell, ..., I, Don Quixote, Italian language, J. M. Barrie, Jacques Offenbach, Jerry Bock, Joseph Stein, Jules Massenet, La damnation de Faust, La figlia di Iorio, Les Troyens, Liliom, Lionel Bart, List of opera librettists, Lorenz Hart, Lorenzo Da Ponte, Ludovic Halévy, Lynn Riggs, Lyrics, Man of La Mancha, Masque, Mass (liturgy), Maurice Maeterlinck, Michael Kennedy (music critic), Mikhail Glinka, Miscegenation, Musical theatre, My Fair Lady, Naxos Records, Nessun dorma, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Oklahoma!, Oliver Twist, Oliver!, Opera, Operetta, Oratorio, Pelléas et Mélisande (opera), Peter Pan, Pietro Mascagni, Pietro Metastasio, Porgy (play), Porgy and Bess, Prima la musica e poi le parole, Public domain, Pygmalion (play), Recitative, Refrain, Requiem, Richard Rodgers, Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, Rodgers and Hammerstein, Saint Petersburg, Scenario, Sheet music, Sheldon Harnick, Show Boat, Show Boat (novel), Singspiel, Tannhäuser (opera), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, The Wizard of Oz (1902 musical), Translation, Trio (music), Turandot, Vincenzo Bellini, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Woyzeck, Wozzeck. Expand index (69 more) » « Shrink index
Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer of the Second Viennese School.
Alberto Franchetti (18 September 18604 August 1942) was an Italian opera composer.
Alexander Nikolayevich Serov (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Серо́в, Saint Petersburg, – Saint Petersburg) was a Russian composer and music critic.
Amilcare Ponchielli (31 August 1834 – 16 January 1886) was an Italian opera composer, best known for his opera ''La Gioconda''.
Andrea Chénier is a verismo opera in four acts by Umberto Giordano, set to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica, and first performed on 28 March 1896 at La Scala, Milan.
Antonio Salieri (18 August 17507 May 1825) was an Italian classical composer, conductor, and teacher.
An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.
Arrigo Boito (24 February 1842 10 June 1918) (whose original name was Enrico Giuseppe Giovanni Boito and who wrote essays under the anagrammatic pseudonym of Tobia Gorrio), was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist, librettist and composer, best known today for his libretti, especially those for Giuseppe Verdi's operas Otello and Falstaff, and his own opera Mefistofele.
The ballad opera is a genre of English stage entertainment that originated in the early 18th century, and continued to develop over the following century and later.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
Elizabeth Ruth "Betty" Grable (December 18, 1916 – July 2, 1973) was an American actress, pin-up girl, dancer, and singer.
Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York.
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
Carmen Miranda GCIH, OMC, born Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha (February 9, 1909 – August 5, 1955), was a Portuguese-born Brazilian samba singer, dancer, Broadway actress, and film star who was popular from the 1930s to the 1950s.
Carousel is the second musical by the team of Richard Rodgers (music) and Oscar Hammerstein II (book and lyrics).
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
Daniel François Esprit Auber (29 January 178212/13 May 1871) was a French composer.
Don Ameche (born Dominic Felix Amici; May 31, 1908 – December 6, 1993) was an American actor and voice artist.
Dorothy Heyward née Kuhns, (June 6, 1890 – November 19, 1961) was an American playwright.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Edwin DuBose Heyward (August 31, 1885 – June 16, 1940) was an American author best known for his 1925 novel Porgy.
A duet is a musical composition for two performers in which the performers have equal importance to the piece, often a composition involving two singers or two pianists.
Augustin Eugène Scribe (24 December 179120 February 1861) was a French dramatist and librettist.
Ferenc Molnár (born Ferenc Neumann, 12 January 1878–1 April 1952, anglicized as Franz Molnar) was a Hungarian-born author, stage-director, dramatist, and poet, widely regarded as Hungary’s most celebrated and controversial playwrights.
Fiddler on the Roof is a musical with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein, set in the Pale of Settlement of Imperial Russia in 1905.
Four Saints in Three Acts is an opera by American composer Virgil Thomson with a libretto by Gertrude Stein.
General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso, Duke of Gallese (12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924.
Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer.
Karl Georg Büchner (17 October 1813 – 19 February 1837) was a German dramatist and writer of poetry and prose, considered part of the Young Germany movement.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.
Georges Bizet (25 October 18383 June 1875), registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the romantic era.
Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.
Giacomo Meyerbeer (born Jacob Liebmann Beer; 5 September 1791 – 2 May 1864) was a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century.
Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".
Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian-era theatrical partnership of the dramatist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and the composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) and to the works they jointly created.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti (17 March 186330 May 1934) was an Italian librettist, best known for his friendship and collaboration with the composer Pietro Mascagni.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
Green Grow the Lilacs is a 1930 play by Lynn Riggs named for the popular folk song of the same name.
Guido Menasci (24 March 1867 – 27 December 1925) was an Italian opera librettist.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Henri Meilhac (23 February 1830 – 6 July 1897) was a French dramatist and opera librettist.
Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
I, Don Quixote is a non-musical play written for television, and broadcast on the CBS anthology series DuPont Show of the Month on the evening of November 9, 1959.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1860 19 June 1937) was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan.
Jacques Offenbach (20 June 1819 – 5 October 1880) was a German-born French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period.
Jerrold Lewis "Jerry" Bock (November 23, 1928November 3, 2010) was an American musical theater composer.
Joseph Stein (May 30, 1912 – October 24, 2010) was an American playwright best known for writing the books for such musicals as Fiddler on the Roof and Zorba.
Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet (12 May 184213 August 1912) was a French composer of the Romantic era best known for his operas, of which he wrote more than thirty.
La damnation de Faust (English: The Damnation of Faust), Op.
La figlia di Iorio (The Daughter of Iorio), sometimes written as La figlia di Jorio, is an opera in three acts by Alberto Franchetti to a libretto by Gabriele D'Annunzio.
Les Troyens (in English: The Trojans) is a French grand opera in five acts by Hector Berlioz.
Liliom is a 1909 play by the Hungarian playwright Ferenc Molnár.
Lionel Bart (1 August 1930 – 3 April 1999) was a writer and composer of British pop music and musicals.
This is an incomplete list of authors who have written libretti for operas.
Lorenz Milton Hart (May 2, 1895 – November 22, 1943) was the lyricist and librettist half of the Broadway songwriting team Rodgers and Hart.
Lorenzo Da Ponte (10 March 174917 August 1838) was an Italian, later American opera librettist, poet and Roman Catholic priest.
Ludovic Halévy (1 January 1834 – 7 May 1908) was a French author and playwright.
Rollie Lynn Riggs (August 31, 1899 – June 30, 1954) was an American author, poet, playwright and screenwriter born on a farm near Claremore, Oklahoma.
Lyrics are words that make up a song usually consisting of verses and choruses.
Man of La Mancha is a 1965 musical with a book by Dale Wasserman, lyrics by Joe Darion, and music by Mitch Leigh.
The masque was a form of festive courtly entertainment that flourished in 16th- and early 17th-century Europe, though it was developed earlier in Italy, in forms including the intermedio (a public version of the masque was the pageant).
Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity.
Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (also called Comte (Count) Maeterlinck from 1932; in Belgium, in France; 29 August 1862 – 6 May 1949) was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French.
George Michael Sinclair Kennedy CBE (19 February 1926 – 31 December 2014) was an English biographer, journalist and writer on classical music.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Mikhaíl Ivánovich Glínka) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music.
Miscegenation (from the Latin miscere "to mix" + genus "kind") is the mixing of different racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, sexual relations, or procreation.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
My Fair Lady is a musical based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, with book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe.
Naxos Records is a record label specializing in classical music.
"" (English: "None shall sleep") is an aria from the final act of Giacomo Puccini's opera Turandot and one of the best-known tenor arias in all opera.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.
Oklahoma! is the first musical written by the team of composer Richard Rodgers and librettist Oscar Hammerstein II.
Oliver Twist; or, the Parish Boy's Progress is author Charles Dickens's second novel, and was first published as a serial 1837–39.
Oliver! is an English musical, with music and lyrics by Lionel Bart.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
Pelléas et Mélisande (Pelléas and Mélisande) is an opera in five acts with music by Claude Debussy.
Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie.
Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni (7 December 1863 – 2 August 1945) was an Italian composer most noted for his operas.
Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi, better known by his pseudonym of Pietro Metastasio (3 January 1698 – 12 April 1782), was an Italian poet and librettist, considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti.
Porgy: A Play in Four Acts is a play by Dorothy Heyward and DuBose Heyward, adapted from the short novel by DuBose Heyward.
Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.
(First the music and then the words), also called is an opera in one act by Antonio Salieri to a libretto by Giovanni Battista Casti.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
Pygmalion is a play by George Bernard Shaw, named after a Greek mythological figure.
Recitative (also known by its Italian name "recitativo") is a style of delivery (much used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas) in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech.
A refrain (from Vulgar Latin refringere, "to repeat", and later from Old French refraindre) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the "chorus" of a song.
A Requiem or Requiem Mass, also known as Mass for the dead (Latin: Missa pro defunctis) or Mass of the dead (Latin: Missa defunctorum), is a Mass in the Catholic Church offered for the repose of the soul or souls of one or more deceased persons, using a particular form of the Roman Missal.
Richard Charles Rodgers (June 28, 1902 – December 30, 1979) was an American composer of music, with over 900 songs and 43 Broadway musicals, leaving a legacy as one of the most significant composers of 20th century American music.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Rodgers and Hammerstein refers to composer Richard Rodgers (1902–1979) and lyricist-dramatist Oscar Hammerstein II (1895–1960), who together were an influential, innovative and successful American musical theatre writing team.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
In the performing arts, a scenario (from Italian: that which is pinned to the scenery; pronounced) is a synoptical collage of an event or series of actions and events.
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
Sheldon Mayer Harnick (born April 30, 1924) is an American lyricist and songwriter best known for his collaborations with composer Jerry Bock on musicals such as Fiddler on the Roof.
Show Boat is a musical in two acts, with music by Jerome Kern and book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II, based on Edna Ferber's best-selling novel of the same name.
Show Boat is a 1926 novel by American author and dramatist Edna Ferber.
A Singspiel (plural: Singspiele; literally "sing-play") is a form of German-language music drama, now regarded as a genre of opera.
Tannhäuser (full title Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg, "Tannhäuser and the Minnesingers' Contest at Wartburg") is an 1845 opera in three acts, music and text by Richard Wagner, based on two German legends; Tannhäuser, the legendary medieval German Minnesänger and poet, and the tale of the Wartburg Song Contest.
The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject.
The Wizard of Oz was a 1902 musical extravaganza based on The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, which was originally published in 1900.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.
In music, a trio (an Italian word) is a method of instrumentation or vocalization by three different sounds or voices to make a melodious music or song.
Turandot (see below) is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini, completed by Franco Alfano, and set to a libretto in Italian by Giuseppe Adami and Renato Simoni.
Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer,Lippmann and McGuire 1998, in Sadie, p. 389 who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania".
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Woyzeck is a stage play written by Georg Büchner.
Wozzeck is the first opera by the Austrian composer Alban Berg.