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Index Liepāja

Liepāja (pronounced) (Libau; see other names) is a city in western Latvia, located on the Baltic Sea. [1]

289 relations: Adventism, Adviser, AirBaltic, Aizpute, Albert, Duke of Prussia, Alexander III of Russia, Amateur radio, Ammunition, Amsterdam, Anastasija Sevastova, Andrievs Niedra, Army Group North, Art Nouveau, Arvīds Jansons, Šķēde, Baltic Fleet, Baltic International Academy, Baltic Sea, Baltic states, Baptists, Beatrix of the Netherlands, Bellevue, Washington, Bergen, BK Liepājas Lauvas, Blue Flag beach, Boarding school, Bolsheviks, Breakwater (structure), Burgomaster, Camera operator, Charles XII of Sweden, Cimdenieki, Closed city, Code-division multiple access, Cogeneration, Courland, Courland Governorate, Courland Pocket, Couronian colonization, Crimean War, Curonians, Dalkia, Darmstadt, Daugava Stadium (Liepāja), Daugavpils, DHL Express, Dienvidrietumi (Liepāja), Diplomat, Dora Gordine, DPD Group, ..., Duchess Sophie of Prussia, Eastern European Summer Time, Eastern European Time, Economy of the Soviet Union, Eduard Tisse, Education in the Soviet Union, Einsatzgruppen, Elbląg, Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler, Enercon, European Union, Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia, Expo 2000, Ezerkrasts, Fast ice, FK Liepāja, Fomins and Kleins, Forward (association football), Freemasonry, Friedrich Kettler, Gazprom, Gdynia, German Army (German Empire), German language, Goalkeeper (association football), Golf-class submarine, Gomel, Gotland, Gotthard Kettler, Grand Embassy of Peter the Great, Grīnvalti, Great Northern War, Grobiņa, GSM, Gulf of Riga, Hanover, Heikki Nurmio, Helsingborg, Herberts Cukurs, Hermes, Hero of Socialist Labour, Historia Lettica, HK Liepāja, Holy See, Holy Trinity Cathedral, Liepāja, Ice hockey, Ice Hockey World Championships, Imants Kalniņš, Imants Sudmalis, Imperial Russian Army, Internet service provider, Israelis, Ivan Yelagin, Jacob Kettler, Jacob Klein (philosopher), Jan Heidatel, Jauna Pasaule (Liepāja), Jäger March, Jānis Rinkus, Jānis Vanags, Jūrmala, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jelgava, Joseph Stalin, Journalist, Juliett-class submarine, June deportation, Kaliningrad, Karlshamn, Karosta, Kaunas, Kārlis Ulmanis, Klaipėda, KOD-1, Konstantīns Konstantinovs, Kristaps Porziņģis, Kurzeme Planning Region, Lake Liepāja, Latgyprogorstroy, Lattelecom, Latvenergo, Latvia, Latvian Hockey Higher League, Latvian language, Latvian lats, Latvian National Armed Forces, Latvian Provisional Government, Latvijas Gāze, Latvijas Televīzija, Līva, Līvi (band), Leon Josephson, Libau–Romny Railway, Liepāja, Liepāja International Airport, Liepāja Lighthouse, Liepāja massacres, Liepāja Museum, Liepāja Party, Liepāja Special Economic Zone, Liepāja Symphony Orchestra, Liepāja Theatre, Liepājas Rokāde, Liepājas tramvajs, Lina Stern, Linguistics, List of National Roads in Latvia, Lithuania, Lithuanian language, Lithuanians, Livonia, Livonian language, Livonian War, Lutheranism, Mariss Jansons, Māris Kučinskis, Māris Verpakovskis, Metre per second, Miķelis Valters, Minibus, Mirdza Ķempe, Mobile television, Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Monument to the sailors and fishermen perished in the sea, Moonzund (film), Morris Halle, Moscow, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NATO, Nautical mile, Nīca, Nelson Stepanyan, Neurology, Nuclear weapon, Nykøbing Falster, Nynäshamn, Old Believers, Oliver Kahn, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Priboi, Order of the October Revolution, Palanga, Palanga International Airport, Partitions of Poland, Paul Einhorn, Paul the Apostle, Pärnu, Pāvilosta, Pērkone, Pentecostalism, Peter the Great, Piemare, Pipe organ, Plague (disease), Polish language, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Port, Port of Liepāja, Ports of the Baltic Sea, Postal code, Protestantism, Rabbi, Rail transport, Reuven Dov Dessler, Rhenish guilder, Riga, Riga International Airport, Riga Technical University, Right-wing politics, Rogaland, Roman Catholic Diocese of Liepāja, Romāns Miloslavskis, Rotary International, Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes, Royal Navy, Russia, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian chanson, Russian Empire, Russian language, Russian Orthodox Church, Saint Anne, Saint Joseph, Saint Meinhard, Saldus, Sandpit, Siberia, Sigismund III Vasa, Sister city, Soviet Army, Soviet submarine L-3, St Nicholas Naval Cathedral, Karosta, St. Joseph Cathedral, Liepāja, Stanisław Jaśkiewicz, Stockholm, Sweden, Tālivaldis Ķeniņš, Telephone numbering plan, Telia Carrier, Teodors Eniņš, Teofils Biķis, Teutonic Order, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Tilia, Tosmare, Town privileges, Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Trinity, Tsar, Turība University, Uldis Sesks, UMTS, Union of Greens and Farmers, United Parcel Service, University of Liepāja, Urban legend, Valdemārs Baumanis, Vasily Kosyakov, Vecliepāja, Velnciems, Venta, Ventspils, Vladimir Lenin, Web portal, Whiskey-class submarine, Wilhelm Kettler, Wind farm, Woldemar Kernig, World War I, World War II, Yacht, Yad Vashem, Yanka Maur, Yiddish, Zaļa birze, Zenta Mauriņa, Zeppelin, Ziemeļu priekšpilsēta (Liepāja), Zvi Harry Hurwitz. Expand index (239 more) »


Adventism is a branch of Protestant Christianity which was started in the United States during the Second Great Awakening when Baptist preacher William Miller first publicly shared his belief that the Second Coming of Jesus Christ would occur at some point between 1843 and 1844.

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An adviser or advisor is normally a person with more and deeper knowledge in a specific area and usually also includes persons with cross-functional and multidisciplinary expertise.

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airBaltic, legally incorporated as AS Air Baltic Corporation, is a state-owned Latvian low-cost carrier and the country's flag carrier, with its head office on the grounds of Riga International Airport in Mārupe municipality near Riga.

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Aizpute (Hasenpoth) is a town in western Latvia's Aizpute Municipality in the valley of Tebra River, northeast of Liepāja.

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Albert, Duke of Prussia

Albert of Prussia (Albrecht von Preussen, 17 May 149020 March 1568) was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first ruler of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights.

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Alexander III of Russia

Alexander III (r; 1845 1894) was the Emperor of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland from until his death on.

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Amateur radio

Amateur radio, also known as ham radio, describes the use of radio frequency spectrum for purposes of non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, private recreation, radiosport, contesting, and emergency communication.

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Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.

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Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Anastasija Sevastova

Anastasija Sevastova (born 13 April 1990) is a professional tennis player from Latvia.

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Andrievs Niedra

Andrievs Niedra (archaic spelling: Andreews Needra; born 8 February 1871 in Tirza parish, Russian Empire – 25 September 1942 in Riga, Reichskommissariat Ostland) was a Latvian writer, Lutheran pastor and the Prime Minister of the German puppet government in Latvia between April and June 1919, during the Latvian War of Independence.

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Army Group North

Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord) was a German strategic echelon formation, commanding a grouping of field armies during World War II.

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Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.

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Arvīds Jansons

Arvīds Jansons (10 October 1914 in Liepāja – 21 November 1984 in Manchester) was a Latvian conductor and father of conductor Mariss Jansons.

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Šķēde is a suburban settlement near Liepāja, Latvia, in Medze parish.

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Baltic Fleet

The Baltic Fleet (Балтийский флот) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Baltic Sea.

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Baltic International Academy

The Baltic International Academy (Baltijas Starptautiskā akadēmija, Балтийская международная академия) is the largest degree-awarding tertiary educational institution in Latvia teaching primarily in the Russian language and the largest non-government higher education establishment in the Baltic countries.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

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Baltic states

The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

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Baptists are Christians distinguished by baptizing professing believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).

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Beatrix of the Netherlands

Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard,; born 31 January 1938) is a member of the Dutch royal family who reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 30 April 1980 until her abdication on 30 April 2013.

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Bellevue, Washington

Bellevue is a city in the Eastside region of King County, Washington, United States, across Lake Washington from Seattle.

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Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.

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BK Liepājas Lauvas

BK Liepājas Lauvas is a professional basketball club in Liepāja, Latvia playing in the Latvian Basketball League and Baltic Basketball League.

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Blue Flag beach

The Blue Flag is a certification by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE) that a beach, marina or sustainable boating tourism operator meets its stringent standards.

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Boarding school

A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school.

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The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

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Breakwater (structure)

Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal management or to protect an anchorage from the effects of both weather and longshore drift.

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Burgomaster (alternatively spelled burgermeister, literally master of the town, master of the borough, master of the fortress, or master of the citizens) is the English form of various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate or chairman of the executive council, usually of a sub-national level of administration such as a city or a similar entity.

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Camera operator

A camera operator, sometimes informally called a cameraman, is a professional operator of a film or video camera.

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Charles XII of Sweden

Charles XII, also Carl (Karl XII; 17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718 O.S.), Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718.

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Cimdenieki is a small suburban settlement in Grobiņa parish near Liepāja, Latvia.

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Closed city

A closed city or closed town is a settlement where travel or residency restrictions are applied so that specific authorization is required to visit or remain overnight.

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Code-division multiple access

Code-division multiple access (CDMA) is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.

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Cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time.

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Courland, or Kurzeme (in Latvian; Kurāmō; German and Kurland; Curonia/Couronia; Курляндия; Kuršas; Kurlandia), is one of the historical and cultural regions in western Latvia.

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Courland Governorate

Courland Governorate, also known as the Province of Courland, Governorate of Kurland (Курля́ндская губерния), and Government of Courland (Kurländisches Gouvernement, Kurzemes guberņa), was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, that is now part of the Republic of Latvia.

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Courland Pocket

The Courland Pocket was a group of German forces of Reichskommissariat Ostland on the Courland Peninsula that was cut off and surrounded by the Red Army from July 1944 through May 1945.

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Couronian colonization

Couronian colonization refers to the colonization efforts of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, a vassal of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.

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The Curonians or Kurs (Curonian: Kursi; Kuren; kurši; курши; kuršiai; kuralased; Kurowie) were a Baltic tribe living on the shores of the Baltic Sea in what are now the western parts of Latvia and Lithuania from the 5th to the 16th centuries, when they merged with other Baltic tribes.

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Dalkia is an energy service company that offers management and maintenance services to operators of industrial production sites, public utilities, offices and hospitals.

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Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area (Frankfurt Metropolitan Region).

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Daugava Stadium (Liepāja)

Daugava Stadium (Daugavas stadions) is a multi-purpose stadium in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Daugavpils (Daugpiļs; Даугавпилс; see other names) is a city in southeastern Latvia, located on the banks of the Daugava River, from which the city gets its name.

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DHL Express

DHL Express is a division of the German logistics company Deutsche Post DHL providing international courier, parcel, and express mail services.

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Dienvidrietumi (Liepāja)

Dienvidrietumi or Southwestern (Dienvidrietumu rajons) is one of the prestigious and modern neighbourhoods of Liepāja, Latvia.

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A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations.

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Dora Gordine

Dora Gordine (8th June 1895 – 29 December 1991) was an Estonian Modernist sculptor who spent the majority of her career in Britain.

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DPD Group

DPDgroup is an international parcel delivery for parcels weighing less than 30 kg.

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Duchess Sophie of Prussia

Duchess Sophie of Prussia (c. 31 March 1582 – c. 24 November 1610) was a German princess of the Duchy of Prussia, a fief of Kingdom of Poland and a member of the House of Hohenzollern.

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Eastern European Summer Time

Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

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Eastern European Time

Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

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Economy of the Soviet Union

The economy of the Soviet Union (экономика Советского Союза) was based on a system of state ownership of the means of production, collective farming, industrial manufacturing and centralized administrative planning.

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Eduard Tisse

Eduard Kazimirovich Tisse (Эдуа́рд Казими́рович Тиссэ́, Eduards Tisē; 13 April 1897 – 18 November 1961) was a Soviet cinematographer.

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Education in the Soviet Union

Education in the Soviet Union was organized in a highly centralized government-run system.

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Einsatzgruppen ("task forces" or "deployment groups") were Schutzstaffel (SS) paramilitary death squads of Nazi Germany that were responsible for mass killings, primarily by shooting, during World War II (1939–45).

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Elbląg (Elbing; Old Prussian: Elbings) is a city in northern Poland on the eastern edge of the Żuławy region with 124,257 inhabitants (December 31, 2011).

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Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler

Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler (1892 – 30 December 1953) was an Orthodox rabbi, Talmudic scholar, and Jewish philosopher of the 20th century.

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Enercon GmbH, based in Aurich, Lower Saxony, Germany, is the fourth-largest wind turbine manufacturer in the world and has been the market leader in Germany since the mid-nineties.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia

The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia (Latvijas evaņģēliski luteriskā baznīca, or LELB) is a Lutheran Protestant church in Latvia.

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Expo 2000

Expo 2000 was a World's Fair held in Hanover, Germany from Thursday, June 1 to Tuesday, October 31, 2000.

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Ezerkrasts is one of the largest and most modern neighbourhoods of Liepāja, Latvia.

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Fast ice

Fast ice (also called land-fast ice, landfast ice, and shore-fast ice) is sea ice that is "fastened" to the coastline, to the sea floor along shoals or to grounded icebergs.

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FK Liepāja

FK Liepāja/Mogo is a Latvian football club, founded in 2014.

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Fomins and Kleins

Fomins & Kleins is a Latvian rock group formed in 2002.

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Forward (association football)

Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals.

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Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.

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Friedrich Kettler

Friedrich Kettler (Latvian: Frīdrihs Ketlers, 25 November 1569 in Mītava (German: Mitau, now Jelgava) – 17 August 1642) was Duke of Courland and Semigallia (Latvian: Kurzemes un Zemgales hercogiste, now part of Latvia) from 1587 to 1642.

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Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom (Публи́чное акционе́рное о́бщество «Газпром», Publichnoe Aktsionernoe Obshchestvo Gazprom, abbreviated PAO Gazprom, ПАО «Газпром») is a large Russian company founded in 1989, which carries on the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of natural gas.

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Gdynia (Gdingen, Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and a seaport of Gdańsk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea.

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German Army (German Empire)

The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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Goalkeeper (association football)

The goalkeeper, often shortened to keeper or goalie, is one of the major positions of association football.

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Golf-class submarine

Project 629, also known by the NATO reporting name of Golf class, were diesel electric ballistic missile submarines of the Soviet Navy.

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Gomel (also Homieĺ, Homiel, Homel or Homyel’; Belarusian: Го́мель, Łacinka: Homiel,, Russian: Го́мель) is the administrative centre of Gomel Region and with 526,872 inhabitants (2015 census) the second-most populous city of Belarus.

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Gotland (older spellings include Gottland or Gothland), Gutland in the local dialect, is a province, county, municipality, and diocese of Sweden.

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Gotthard Kettler

Gotthard von Kettler (also Ketteler, Gotthard Kettler, Herzog von Kurland; 2 February 1517 – 17 May 1587) was the last Master of the Livonian Order and the first Duke of Courland and Semigallia.

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Grand Embassy of Peter the Great

The Grand Embassy (translit) was a Russian diplomatic mission to Western Europe in 1697–98 led by Peter the Great.

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Grīnvalti is a village in the Nīca parish of Liepāja District, Latvia.

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Great Northern War

The Great Northern War (1700–1721) was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.

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Grobiņa (Grobin) is a town in western Latvia, eleven kilometers east of Liepāja.

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GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.

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Gulf of Riga

The Gulf of Riga, Bay of Riga, or Gulf of Livonia (Rīgas jūras līcis, Liivi laht, Рижский залив) is a bay of the Baltic Sea between Latvia and Estonia.

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Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

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Heikki Nurmio

Heikki Nurmio (1887-1947) - Finnish jäger and writer.

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Helsingborg (spelled Hälsingborg between 1912 and 1970) is a town and the seat of Helsingborg Municipality, Scania, Sweden.

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Herberts Cukurs

Herberts Cukurs (17 May 1900 in Liepāja, Russian Empire – 23 February 1965 in Shangrilá, Uruguay) was a Latvian aviator and a war criminal.

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Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).

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Hero of Socialist Labour

Hero of Socialist Labour was an honorary title of the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact countries.

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Historia Lettica

Historia Lettica is one of the oldest historical books about Latvia, Latvian mythology and Latvian language.

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HK Liepāja

HK Liepāja is a Latvian ice hockey club, founded in 2014.

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Holy See

The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.

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Holy Trinity Cathedral, Liepāja

Liepāja Holy Trinity Lutheran Cathedral (Liepājas Svētās Trīsvienības katedrāle) is a historical Lutheran cathedral in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Ice hockey

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.

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Ice Hockey World Championships

The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual international men's ice hockey tournament organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF).

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Imants Kalniņš

Imants Kalniņš (born 26 May 1941 in Riga, Latvian SSR) is a Latvian composer, musician and politician.

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Imants Sudmalis

Imants Sudmalis (18 March 1916 OS, Cēsis, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire – 25 May 1944 NS, Riga, Latvia) was a Latvian editor and Soviet communist and partisan, the Hero of the Soviet Union (awarded posthumously on October 23, 1957).

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Imperial Russian Army

The Imperial Russian Army (Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия) was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917.

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Internet service provider

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.

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Israelis (ישראלים Yiśraʾelim, الإسرائيليين al-ʾIsrāʾīliyyin) are citizens or permanent residents of the State of Israel, a multiethnic state populated by people of different ethnic backgrounds.

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Ivan Yelagin

Ivan Perfilievich Yelagin (Иван Перфильевич Елагин; 1725–94) was a Russian historian, an amateur poet and translator who acted as unofficial secretary to Catherine the Great in the early years of her reign.

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Jacob Kettler

Jacob Kettler (Jakob von Kettler) (28 October 1610 – 1 January 1682) was a Baltic German Duke of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (1642–1682).

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Jacob Klein (philosopher)

Jacob Klein (March 3, 1899 – July 16, 1978) was a Russian-American philosopher and interpreter of Plato, who worked extensively on the nature and historical origin of modern symbolic mathematics.

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Jan Heidatel

Jan Rotwill Heidatel (1801 – 21 March 1871, Kraków) was a famous Russian engineer, general-mayor, Candidate of Philosophy, head of Liepāja port.

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Jauna Pasaule (Liepāja)

Jauna Pasaule is Kārlis of Liepāja, Latvia.

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Jäger March

The "Jäger March" (italic, originally "Jääkärien marssi"),, is a military march by Jean Sibelius.

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Jānis Rinkus

Jānis Rinkus (born 12 April 1977) is a football midfielder from Latvia.

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Jānis Vanags

Jānis Vanags (born 25 May 1958, Liepāja) is a Latvian Lutheran Archbishop.

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Jūrmala ("seaside") is a city in Latvia, about west of Riga.

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.

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Jelgava (Mitau; see also other names) is a city in central Latvia about southwest of Riga with about 63,000 inhabitants.

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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.

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A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public.

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Juliett-class submarine

The Project 651, known in the West by its NATO reporting name Juliett class, was a class of Soviet diesel-electric submarines armed with cruise missiles.

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June deportation

The June deportation (Juuniküüditamine, Jūnija deportācijas, Birželio trėmimai) was a mass deportation by the Soviet Union of tens of thousands of people from the territories occupied in 1940–1941: Baltic states, occupied Poland (mostly present-day western Belarus and western Ukraine), and Moldavia.

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Kaliningrad (p; former German name: Königsberg; Yiddish: קעניגסבערג, Kenigsberg; r; Old Prussian: Twangste, Kunnegsgarbs, Knigsberg; Polish: Królewiec) is a city in the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.

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Karlshamn is a locality and the seat of Karlshamn Municipality in Blekinge County, Sweden.

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Karosta (War Port) is a neighbourhood in the north of Liepāja in western Latvia by the Baltic sea.

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Kaunas (also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.

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Kārlis Ulmanis

Kārlis Augusts Vilhelms Ulmanis (September 4, 1877 in Bērze, Bērze Parish, Courland Governorate, Russian Empire – September 20, 1942 in Krasnovodsk prison, Soviet Union, now Türkmenbaşy, Turkmenistan) was one of the most prominent Latvian politicians of pre-World War II Latvia during the interwar period of independence from November 1918 to June 1940.

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Klaipėda (Samogitian name: Klaipieda, Polish name: Kłajpeda, German name: Memel), is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

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The KOD-1 was an Estonian-designed Latvian trainer aircraft built by Liepājas Kara Ostas Darbnīcas (Liepāja military manufacturing).

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Konstantīns Konstantinovs

Konstantīns Konstantinovs (Константи́н Константи́нов, born 1978) is a Russian powerlifter.

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Kristaps Porziņģis

Kristaps Porziņģis (born 2 August 1995) is a Latvian professional basketball player for the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

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Kurzeme Planning Region

Kurzeme Region (Kurzemes reģions), officially Kurzeme Planning Region (Kurzemes plānošanas reģions) is one of the five planning regions of Latvia, it is situated in the western part of Latvia, at the shores of the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Riga.

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Lake Liepāja

Lake Liepāja (Liepājas ezers) is the fifth-largest lake in Latvia, located near Liepāja in the Liepāja District.

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Institute "Latgyprogorstoy" (Институт "Латгипрогорстрой") - was a main institute of designing apartment houses in Latvian SSR.

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Lattelecom (previously Lattelekom) is a Latvian internet service provider, telecommunications, technology and entertainment company.

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Latvenergo is a state-owned electric utility company in Latvia.

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Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Latvian Hockey Higher League

The Latvian Hockey Higher League (Latvijas Virslīgas hokeja čempionāts), now called Optibet Hockey League due to sponsorship by Optibet, is the top tier league of ice hockey in Latvia currently comprising six teams.

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Latvian language

Latvian (latviešu valoda) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.

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Latvian lats

The lats (plural: lati (2–9) latu (10 and more)), ISO 4217 currency code: LVL or 428) was the currency of Latvia until it was replaced by the euro on 1 January 2014. A two-week transition period during which the lats was in circulation alongside the euro ended on 14 January 2014. It is abbreviated as Ls and was subdivided into 100 santīmi (singular: santīms; from French centime).

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Latvian National Armed Forces

The Latvian National Armed Forces (Nacionālie Bruņotie Spēki) are the armed forces of the Republic of Latvia.

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Latvian Provisional Government

The Latvian Provisional Government (Latvijas Pagaidu valdība; 1918–1920) was formed on November 18, 1918 by the People's Council of Latvia.

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Latvijas Gāze

A/S Latvijas Gāze is a Latvian natural gas company, which deals in the importation and sale of natural gas.

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Latvijas Televīzija

Latvijas Televīzija (Latvian Television, LTV) is the state-owned public service television company in Latvia.

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Līva (Lyva, Lyua, Libau) was a famous river in Kurzeme in today's Latvia.

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Līvi (band)

Līvi was a Latvian hard rock and heavy metal band that was influential in the formation of Latvian rock culture.

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Leon Josephson

Leon Josephson (1898–1966) was a 20th-century American, Communist labor lawyer for International Labor Defense and Soviet spy, best known for a 1947 Contempt of Congress citation from House Un-American Activities Committee.

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Libau–Romny Railway

The Libau–Romny Railway was a railway line built by the Russian Empire in 1871–74 to connect Romny in Ukraine with the port in Libau (Liepāja) in present-day Latvia.

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Liepāja (pronounced) (Libau; see other names) is a city in western Latvia, located on the Baltic Sea.

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Liepāja International Airport

Liepāja International Airport is a regional airport in western Latvia which is certified for international air traffic in the summer.

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Liepāja Lighthouse

The Liepāja Lighthouse (Latvian: Liepājas bāka) is a lighthouse located in Liepāja on the Latvian coast of the Baltic Sea.

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Liepāja massacres

The Liepāja massacres were a series of mass executions, many public or semi-public, in and near the city of Liepāja (Libau), on the west coast of Latvia in 1941 after the Nazi occupation of Latvia.

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Liepāja Museum

Liepāja Museum is the largest museum in the historical region of Courland, Latvia and possesses more than 100,000 articles, but in the halls of the museum you can see 1,500 exhibits.

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Liepāja Party

The Liepāja Party (Liepājās Partija) is a regionalist political party in Latvia.

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Liepāja Special Economic Zone

Liepāja Special Economic Zone (Liepājas SEZ) - is a zone in Liepāja, Latvia with a lowered tax rates, compared to the rest of the territory of Latvia.

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Liepāja Symphony Orchestra

Liepāja Symphony Orchestra (LSO) (Liepājas simfoniskais orķestris) is an orchestra located in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Liepāja Theatre

Liepāja Theatre (Liepāja teātris) is a theatre in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Liepājas Rokāde

Liepājas Rokāde ("Liepāja Castling") is international "open" chess championship, annually held in Liepāja, Latvia in August.

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Liepājas tramvajs

Liepājas tramvajs is a municipal company that operates a single tram line in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Lina Stern

Lina Solomonovna Stern (or Shtern; Лина Соломоновна Штерн; 26 August 1878 – 7 March 1968) was a Soviet biochemist, physiologist and humanist whose medical discoveries saved thousands of lives at the fronts of World War II.

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Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

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List of National Roads in Latvia

This is a list of National Roads in Latvia.

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Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.

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Lithuanian language

Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.

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Lithuanians (lietuviai, singular lietuvis/lietuvė) are a Baltic ethnic group, native to Lithuania, where they number around 2,561,300 people.

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Livonia (Līvõmō, Liivimaa, German and Scandinavian languages: Livland, Latvian and Livonija, Inflanty, archaic English Livland, Liwlandia; Liflyandiya) is a historical region on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea.

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Livonian language

Livonian (Livonian: līvõ kēļ or rāndakēļ) is a Finnic language.

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Livonian War

The Livonian War (1558–1583) was fought for control of Old Livonia (in the territory of present-day Estonia and Latvia), when the Tsardom of Russia faced a varying coalition of Denmark–Norway, the Kingdom of Sweden, and the Union (later Commonwealth) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland.

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Mariss Jansons

Mariss Ivars Georgs Jansons (born 14 January 1943) is a Latvian conductor, the son of conductor Arvīds Jansons and the singer Iraida Jansone.

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Māris Kučinskis

Māris Kučinskis (born 28 November 1961) is a Latvian politician and the current Prime Minister of Latvia.

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Māris Verpakovskis

Māris Verpakovskis (born 15 October 1979 in Liepāja), is a Latvian footballer who currently plays for FK Karosta.

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Metre per second

Metre per second (American English: meter per second) is an SI derived unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector quantity which specifies both magnitude and a specific direction), defined by distance in metres divided by time in seconds.

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Miķelis Valters

Miķelis Valters (formerly, and as an author in German, Walters) (May 7, 1874 in Liepāja – March 27, 1968 in Nice) was a prominent Latvian politician, diplomat, writer, and editor.

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A minibus, microbus, or minicoach is a passenger carrying motor vehicle that is designed to carry more people than a multi-purpose vehicle or minivan, but fewer people than a full-size bus.

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Mirdza Ķempe

Mirdza Ķempe (later Naikovska) (Liepāja – 12 April 1974, Riga) was a noted Latvian poet, translator and tutor.

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Mobile television

Mobile television is television watched on a small handheld or mobile device.

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Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact

The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.

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Monument to the sailors and fishermen perished in the sea

Monument to the sailors and fishermen lost at sea (Piemineklis bojā gājušajiem jūrniekiem un zvejniekiem) is a notable modern monument and a sightseeing place in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Moonzund (film)

Moonzund (Моонзунд) is a 1987 Soviet war film by Aleksandr Muratov based on a novel with the same name by Valentin Pikul.

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Morris Halle

Morris Halle (July 23, 1923 – April 2, 2018) was a Latvian-American linguist who was an Institute Professor, and later professor emeritus, of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.

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Nautical mile

A nautical mile is a unit of measurement defined as exactly.

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Nīca is a village in Nīca municipality, Latvia.

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Nelson Stepanyan

Nelson Stepanyan (Նելսոն Գևորգի Ստեփանյան, Нельсон Георгиевич Степанян, Nelson Gevorkovich Stepanyan; – 14 December 1944) was a Soviet Armenian Il-2 ground-attack aircraft pilot during the Second World War in the Red Air Force.

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Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

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Nuclear weapon

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).

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Nykøbing Falster

Nykøbing Falster (originally named Nykøbing) is a southern Danish city, seat of the Guldborgsund ''kommune''.

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Nynäshamn is a locality and the seat of Nynäshamn Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 13,510 inhabitants in 2010.

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Old Believers

In Eastern Orthodox church history, the Old Believers, or Old Ritualists (старове́ры or старообря́дцы, starovéry or staroobryádtsy) are Eastern Orthodox Christians who maintain the liturgical and ritual practices of the Eastern Orthodox Church as they existed prior to the reforms of Patriarch Nikon of Moscow between 1652 and 1666.

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Oliver Kahn

Oliver Rolf Kahn (born 15 June 1969) is a German former football goalkeeper.

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Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.

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Operation Priboi

Operation Priboi ("Coastal Surf") was the code name for the Soviet mass deportation from the Baltic states on 25–28 March 1949.

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Order of the October Revolution

The Order of the October Revolution (Орден Октябрьской Революции, Orden Oktyabr'skoy Revolyutsii) was instituted on October 31, 1967, in time for the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution.

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Palanga (Palanga (also till 1934)) is a seaside resort town in western Lithuania, on the shore of the Baltic Sea.

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Palanga International Airport

Palanga International Airport is a regional international airport located near the resort town Palanga at the Baltic Sea.

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Partitions of Poland

The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.

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Paul Einhorn

Paul Einhorn (born in Iecava, Latvia, the exact birth date is not known, died in 1655 in Jelgava) was a famous historian of the Latvians and a Lutheran pastor.

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Paul the Apostle

Paul the Apostle (Paulus; translit, ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ; c. 5 – c. 64 or 67), commonly known as Saint Paul and also known by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus (translit; Saũlos Tarseús), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of the Christ to the first century world.

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Pärnu (Pernau) is the fourth-largest city in Estonia.

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Pāvilosta (Paulshafen) is a small port town in Latvia located at the mouth of Saka river in Courland.

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Pērkone (Perkuhnenhof, Pērkons inn) is a small suburban settlement in Nīca parish, near the south border of Liepāja, Latvia.

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Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.

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Peter the Great

Peter the Great (ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj), Peter I (ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj) or Peter Alexeyevich (p; –)Dates indicated by the letters "O.S." are in the Julian calendar with the start of year adjusted to 1 January.

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Piemare (Piemarė; Bihavelanc) was one of the main Curonian kihelkonds with an administrative center in Esestua (Seeburg) before the 13th century.

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Pipe organ

The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.

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Plague (disease)

Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

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Polish language

Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.

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Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.

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A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.

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Port of Liepāja

Liepāja Port (Liepājas osta) is the port authority of Liepāja, Latvia.

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Ports of the Baltic Sea

There are over 200 ports in the Baltic Sea.

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Postal code

A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, Eircode, PIN Code or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.

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Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.

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Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

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Reuven Dov Dessler

Reuven Dov Dessler (1863–1935) was a rabbinic leader of the Musar movement and the director of the Kelm Talmud Torah from 1918 until 1931.

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Rhenish guilder

Rhenish guilder (Rheinischer Gulden; florenus Rheni) is the name of the golden, base currency coin of the Rhineland in the 14th and 15th centuries.

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Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.

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Riga International Airport

Riga International Airport (Starptautiskā lidosta "Rīga") is the international airport of Riga, the capital of Latvia, and the largest airport in the Baltic states with direct flights to 100 destinations in 30 countries.

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Riga Technical University

Riga Technical University (RTU) (Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte) is the oldest technical university in the Baltics established on October 14, 1862.

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Right-wing politics

Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.

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Rogaland is a county in Western Norway, bordering Hordaland, Telemark, Aust-Agder, and Vest-Agder counties.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Liepāja

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Liepāja (Liepaien(sis)) is a diocese located in the city of Liepāja in the Ecclesiastical province of Riga in Latvia.

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Romāns Miloslavskis

Romāns Miloslavskis (born 17 October 1983 in Liepāja, Latvia) is a swimmer and politician from Latvia.

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Rotary International

Rotary International is an international service organization whose stated purpose is to bring together business and professional leaders in order to provide humanitarian services, encourage high ethical standards in all vocations, and to advance goodwill and peace around the world.

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Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes

The Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes (RAOB) is one of the largest fraternal organisations in the United Kingdom.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian Academy of Sciences

The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.

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Russian chanson

Russian chanson (r; from French "chanson") is a neologism for a musical genre covering a range of Russian songs, including city romance songs, author song performed by singer-songwriters, and Blatnaya Pesnya or "criminals' songs" that are based on the themes of the urban underclass and the criminal underworld.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Russian language

Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

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Russian Orthodox Church

The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.

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Saint Anne

Saint Anne, of David's house and line, was the mother of Mary and grandmother of Jesus according to apocryphal Christian and Islamic tradition.

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Saint Joseph

Joseph (translit) is a figure in the Gospels who was married to Mary, Jesus' mother, and, in the Christian tradition, was Jesus's legal father.

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Saint Meinhard

Saint Meinhard (b. 1134 or 1136 - died August 14 or October 11, 1196) was a German canon regular and the first Bishop of Livonia.

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Saldus (Frauenburg) is a Latvian town located in Courland (Kurzeme) and is the main town in Saldus District.

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A sandpit (most Commonwealth countries) or sandbox (US/Canada) is a low, wide container or shallow depression filled with soft (beach) sand in which children can play.

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Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Sigismund III Vasa

Sigismund III Vasa (also known as Sigismund III of Poland, Zygmunt III Waza, Sigismund, Žygimantas Vaza, English exonym: Sigmund; 20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, monarch of the united Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden (where he is known simply as Sigismund) from 1592 as a composite monarchy until he was deposed in 1599.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Soviet Army

The Soviet Army (SA; Советская Армия, Sovetskaya Armiya) is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not taken fully out of service until 25 December 1993.

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Soviet submarine L-3

The World War II Soviet submarine L-3 belonged to the L-class or ''Leninets'' class of minelayer submarines.

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St Nicholas Naval Cathedral, Karosta

The St Nicholas Naval Cathedral (Sv.) (Свято-Николаевский морской собор) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral church located in the area known as Karosta in the north of Liepāja in Latvia.

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St. Joseph Cathedral, Liepāja

The St.

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Stanisław Jaśkiewicz

Stanisław Jaśkiewicz (12 January 1907, Liepāja, Russian Empire - 21 December 1980, Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish actor.

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Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Tālivaldis Ķeniņš

Tālivaldis Ķeniņš (April 23, 1919 in Liepāja – January 20, 2008 in Toronto).

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Telephone numbering plan

A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints.

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Telia Carrier

Telia Carrier, formerly named TeliaSonera International Carrier (TSIC), is an international provider of telecommunication services based in Solna, Sweden.

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Teodors Eniņš

Teodors Eniņš (December 6, 1934 in Liepāja – September 24, 2008 in Liepāja) — was a Latvian doctor, neurosurgeon, former mayor of Liepāja and former Minister of Welfare of Latvia.

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Teofils Biķis

Teofils Biķis (Liepāja, 1952–2000) was a Latvian pianist.

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Teutonic Order

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.

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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.

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Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.

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Tosmare is a district north of Liepāja, Latvia near the Karosta and lake "Tosmare".

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Town privileges

Town privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.

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Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk (Brześć Litewski; since 1945 Brest), after two months of negotiations.

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The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".

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Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.

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Turība University

Turība University (formerly known as the Turība School of Business Administration; Biznesa augstskola Turība) is a higher education institution and the largest business school in Latvia.

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Uldis Sesks

Uldis Sesks (born April 18, 1962 in Liepāja), is the mayor of Liepāja, Latvia and a businessman and former racer.

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The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard.

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Union of Greens and Farmers

Union of Greens and Farmers (Zaļo un Zemnieku savienība, ZZS) is a green conservative and agrarian political alliance in Latvia.

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United Parcel Service

United Parcel Service (UPS) is an American multinational package delivery and supply chain management company.

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University of Liepāja

The University of Liepāja (Liepājas Universitāte) is a university located in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Urban legend

An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore.

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Valdemārs Baumanis

Valdemārs Kristaps Baumanis (19 April 1905 – 24 April 1992) was a Latvian basketball player, basketball and football coach.

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Vasily Kosyakov

Vasily Antonovich Kosyakov (Василий Антонович Косяков; 1862–1921) was a Russian architect and a specialist of the Neo-Russian and Neo-Byzantine architecture in the Russian Empire.

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Vecliepāja (Old Liepāja) is the largest and oldest district in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Velnciems (Devil's village) is one of the oldest districts of Liepāja, Latvia.

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Venta is a small city in Lithuania in the Akmenė district municipality.

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Ventspils (see other names) is a town in northwestern Latvia in the historical Courland region of Latvia, and is the sixth largest city in the country.

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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Web portal

A web portal is a specially designed website that brings information from diverse sources, like emails, online forums and search engines, together in a uniform way.

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Whiskey-class submarine

Whiskey-class submarines (known in the Soviet Union as Projects 613, 644, and 665) are a class of naval submarines that the Soviet Union built in the early Cold War period.

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Wilhelm Kettler

Wilhelm Kettler (20 June 1574 – 7 April 1640) was the Duke of Courland, a region of Latvia.

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Wind farm

A wind farm is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity.

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Woldemar Kernig

Woldemar Kernig, better known as Vladimir Mikhailovich Kernig (Voldemārs Kernigs; Владимир Михайлович Керниг; June 28, 1840 in St. Petersburg – April 18, 1917 in St. Petersburg) was a notable Russian and Baltic German internist and neurologist whose medical discoveries saved thousands of people with meningitis.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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A yacht is a watercraft used for pleasure or sports.

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Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem (יָד וַשֵׁם; literally, "a monument and a name") is Israel's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust.

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Yanka Maur

Yanka Maur (Yanka Mavr), (May 11, 1883 – August 3, 1971) was a famous Belarusian writer.

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Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.

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Zaļa birze

Zaļa birzs (Green grove) is one of the modern neighbourhoods of Liepāja, Latvia (north east of Europe).

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Zenta Mauriņa

Zenta Mauriņa (15 December 1897 – 25 April 1978) was a Latvian writer, essayist and researcher in philology.

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A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.

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Ziemeļu priekšpilsēta (Liepāja)

Ziemeļu priekšpilsēta (North suburbs) is a modern neighborhood in Liepāja, Latvia.

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Zvi Harry Hurwitz

Zvi Harry Hurwitz (צבי הארי הורביץ.; August 29, 1924 – October 1, 2008), also known as Harry Zvi Hurwitz, was a noted South African Jewish journalist and community leader who moved to Israel, where he served as an Israeli diplomat and adviser to prime ministers Menachem Begin and Yitzhak Shamir before founding the Menachem Begin Heritage Center.

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Redirects here:

History of Liepāja, Libau, Courland, Libava, Liepaja, Liepajas, Liepaya, Liepoja, Liepāja, Latvia, Liepājas, Liibavi, Lipawa, Names of Liepāja, Region of Liepaja.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liepāja

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