43 relations: Allergy, Anemia, Antihistamine, Blood, Blood pressure, Cardiology, Chest pain, Chronic condition, Clouding of consciousness, Codeine, Common cold, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Dizziness, Electrolyte, Fever, Human brain, Human eye, Hyperventilation, Hypoglycemia, Influenza, Inner ear, Intravenous therapy, Levocetirizine, Myocardial infarction, Narcotic, Nervous system, Nicotine, Oxygen, Panic attack, Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, Presyncope, Pulmonary embolism, Reflex syncope, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Shock (circulatory), Sinus rhythm, Stroke, Syncope (medicine), Tobacco products, Vertigo, Vomiting, Water intoxication.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
Antihistamines are drugs which treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system.
Chest pain is pain in any region of the chest.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
Clouding of consciousness, also known as brain fog or mental fog, is a term used in medicine denoting an abnormality in the regulation of the overall level of consciousness that is mild and less severe than a delirium.
Codeine is an opiate used to treat pain, as a cough medicine, and for diarrhea. It is typically used to treat mild to moderate degrees of pain. Greater benefit may occur when combined with paracetamol (acetaminophen) or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as aspirin or ibuprofen. Evidence does not support its use for acute cough suppression in children or adults. In Europe it is not recommended as a cough medicine in those under twelve years of age. It is generally taken by mouth. It typically starts working after half an hour with maximum effect at two hours. The total duration of its effects last for about four to six hours. Common side effects include vomiting, constipation, itchiness, lightheadedness, and drowsiness. Serious side effects may include breathing difficulties and addiction. It is unclear if its use in pregnancy is safe. Care should be used during breastfeeding as it may result in opiate toxicity in the baby. Its use as of 2016 is not recommended in children. Codeine works following being broken down by the liver into morphine. How quickly this occurs depends on a person's genetics. Codeine was discovered in 1832 by Pierre Jean Robiquet. In 2013 about 361,000 kilograms of codeine were produced while 249,000 kilograms were used. This makes it the most commonly taken opiate. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 0.04 and 0.29 USD per dose as of 2014. In the United States it costs about one dollar a dose. Codeine occurs naturally and makes up about 2% of opium.
The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose.
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
Dizziness is an impairment in spatial perception and stability.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
Hyperventilation (a.k.a. overbreathing) occurs when the rate or tidal volume of breathing eliminates more carbon dioxide than the body can produce.
Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
The inner ear (internal ear, auris interna) is the innermost part of the vertebrate ear.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
Levocetirizine (as levocetirizine dihydrochloride) is a third-generation, non-sedating antihistamine, developed from the second-generation antihistamine cetirizine.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.
The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Panic attacks are sudden periods of intense fear that may include palpitations, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, numbness, or a feeling that something bad is going to happen.
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a condition in which a change from lying to standing causes an abnormally large increase in heart rate.
Presyncope is a state of lightheadedness, muscular weakness, blurred vision, and feeling faint (as opposed to a syncope, which is actually fainting).
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has moved from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
Reflex syncope is a brief loss of consciousness due to a neurologically induced drop in blood pressure.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a class of drugs that are typically used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders.
Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.
A sinus rhythm is any cardiac rhythm where depolarization of the cardiac muscle begins at the sinus node.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Syncope, also known as fainting, is a loss of consciousness and muscle strength characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery.
Tobacco is the agricultural product of the leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana.
Vertigo is a symptom where a person feels as if they or the objects around them are moving when they are not.
Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
Water intoxication, also known as water poisoning, hyperhydration, or water toxemia is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside safe limits by overhydration (excessive water intake).