92 relations: Acid rain, Aggregate (geology), Agricultural lime, Alkali, Aluminate, Ankerite, Argillaceous minerals, Brucite, Calcination, Calcisol, Calcite, Calcium, Calcium carbonate, Calcium hydroxide, Calcium oxide, Carbonate, Carbonic acid, Cement, Cement render, Central America, Chalk, Chemical substance, Clay, Coal seam fire, Concrete, Conglomerate (geology), Corrosive substance, Dolomite, Dolomites, Eco-cement, Gypsum, Henry Young Darracott Scott, Hydrate, Hydraulic lime, Hydroxide, Inorganic compound, Iron(II) sulfate, Kankar, Kiln, Lias Group, Lime kiln, Lime mortar, Lime plaster, Lime render, Lime softening, Lime-ash floor, Limelight, Limestone, Limewater, Liming (leather processing), ..., Liming (soil), Limiting reagent, List of types of limestone, Magnesite, Magnesium carbonate, Marble, Marl, Mineral, Mining, Mortar (masonry), New World, Old World, Oolite, Optical granulometry, Oxide, Periclase, Plaster, Plasterwork, Plasticity (physics), Portlandite, Pozzolana, Prehistory, Quarry, Roman architectural revolution, Roman concrete, Sascab, Selenite (mineral), Silicate, Silicate mineral paint, Silicon dioxide, Slaking (geology), Soda–lime glass, Stucco, Sugar refinery, Sulfate, Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar, Tabby concrete, Volcano, Wastewater treatment, Whitewash, Word sense, Xenolith. Expand index (42 more) » « Shrink index
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).
In the Earth sciences, aggregrate has three possible meanings.
Agricultural lime, also called aglime, agricultural limestone, garden lime or liming, is a soil additive made from pulverized limestone or chalk.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
In chemistry aluminate is a compound containing an oxyanion of aluminium, such as sodium aluminate.
Ankerite is a calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese carbonate mineral of the group of rhombohedral carbonates with formula: Ca(Fe,Mg,Mn)(CO3)2.
Argillaceous minerals may appear silvery upon optical reflection and are minerals containing substantial amounts of clay-like components (ἄργιλλος.
Brucite is the mineral form of magnesium hydroxide, with the chemical formula Mg(OH)2.
The IUPAC defines calcination as "heating to high temperatures in air or oxygen".
A Calcisol in the FAO World Reference Base for Soil Resources is a soil with a substantial secondary accumulation of lime.
Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3).
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.
Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
Cement rendering is the application of a premixed layer of sand and cement to brick, cement, stone, or mud brick.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
A coal-seam fire refers to natural burning of an outcrop or underground coal seam.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Conglomerate is a coarse-grained clastic sedimentary rock that is composed of a substantial fraction of rounded to subangular gravel-size clasts, e.g., granules, pebbles, cobbles, and boulders, larger than in diameter.
A corrosive substance is one that will destroy and damage other substances with which it comes into contact.
Dolomite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite.
The Dolomites (Dolomiti; Ladin: Dolomites; Dolomiten; Dołomiti: Dolomitis) are a mountain range located in northeastern Italy.
Eco-Cement is a brand-name for a type of cement which incorporates reactive magnesia (sometimes called caustic calcined magnesia or magnesium oxide, MgO), another hydraulic cement such as Portland cement, and optionally pozzolans and industrial by-products, to reduce the environmental impact relative to conventional cement.
Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O.
Henry Young Darracott Scott RE (1822–1883) was an English Major-General in the Corps of Royal Engineers, best known for the construction of London's Royal Albert Hall.
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
Hydraulic lime (HL) is a general term for varieties of lime (calcium oxide), or slaked lime (calcium hydroxide), used to make lime mortar which set through hydration.
Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
Iron(II) sulfate (British English: iron(II) sulphate) or ferrous sulfate denotes a range of salts with the formula FeSO4·xH2O.
Kankar or kunkur is a sedimentological term derived from Hindi, occasionally applied in India and the United States to detrital or residual rolled, often nodular calcium carbonate formed in soils of semi-arid regions.
A kiln (or, originally pronounced "kill", with the "n" silent) is a thermally insulated chamber, a type of oven, that produces temperatures sufficient to complete some process, such as hardening, drying, or chemical changes.
The Lias Group or Lias is a lithostratigraphic unit (a sequence of rock strata) found in a large area of western Europe, including the British Isles, the North Sea, the Low Countries and the north of Germany.
A lime kiln is a kiln used for the calcination of limestone (calcium carbonate) to produce the form of lime called quicklime (calcium oxide).
Lime mortar is composed of lime and an aggregate such as sand, mixed with water.
Lime plaster is a type of plaster composed of sand, water, and lime, usually non-hydraulic hydrated lime (also known as slaked lime, high calcium lime or air lime).
Lime render is the first coat of lime "plaster or the like" applied to the external surfaces of traditionally-built stone or brick buildings.
Lime softening, also known as Clark's process, is a type of water treatment used for water softening which uses the addition of limewater (calcium hydroxide) to remove hardness (calcium and magnesium) ions by precipitation.
Lime-ash floors were an economic form of floor construction from the 15th century to the 19th century, for upper floors in parts of England where limestone or chalk were easily available.
Limelight (also known as Drummond light or calcium light)James R. Smith (2004) San Francisco's Lost Landmarks, Quill Driver Books.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Limewater is the common name for a diluted solution of calcium hydroxide.
Liming is a process used for parchment or leather processing, in which hides are soaked in an alkali solution.
Liming is the application (to soil) of calcium- and magnesium-rich materials in various forms, including marl, chalk, limestone, or hydrated lime.
The limiting reagent (or limiting reactant, LR) in a chemical reaction is the substance that is totally consumed when the chemical reaction is complete.
This is a list of types of limestone arranged according to location.
Magnesite is a mineral with the chemical formula MgCO3 (magnesium carbonate).
Magnesium carbonate, MgCO3 (archaic name magnesia alba), is an inorganic salt that is a white solid.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
Marl or marlstone is a calcium carbonate or lime-rich mud or mudstone which contains variable amounts of clays and silt.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Mortar is a workable paste used to bind building blocks such as stones, bricks, and concrete masonry units together, fill and seal the irregular gaps between them, and sometimes add decorative colors or patterns in masonry walls.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").
Oolite or oölite (egg stone) is a sedimentary rock formed from ooids, spherical grains composed of concentric layers.
Optical granulometry is the process of measuring the different grain sizes in a granular material, based on a photograph.
An oxide is a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element in its chemical formula.
Periclase is a magnesium mineral that occurs naturally in contact metamorphic rocks and is a major component of most basic refractory bricks.
Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.
Plasterwork refers to construction or ornamentation done with plaster, such as a layer of plaster on an interior or exterior wall structure, or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls.
In physics and materials science, plasticity describes the deformation of a (solid) material undergoing non-reversible changes of shape in response to applied forces.
Portlandite is an oxide mineral.
Pozzolana, also known as pozzolanic ash (pulvis puteolanus in Latin), is a natural siliceous or siliceous and aluminous material which reacts with calcium hydroxide in the presence of water at room temperature (cf. pozzolanic reaction).
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
A quarry is a place from which dimension stone, rock, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, gravel, or slate has been excavated from the ground.
The Roman architectural revolution, also known as the Concrete revolution, was the widespread use in Roman architecture of the previously little-used architectural forms of the arch, vault, and dome.
Roman concrete, also called opus caementicium, was a material used in construction during the late Roman Republic until the fading of the Roman Empire.
Sascab is a naturally occurring mineral material described variously as "decomposed limestone", "breccia", and "the lime gravel mixture the Maya used as mortar." It has been used as a building and paving material in Mesoamerica since antiquity.
Selenite, satin spar, desert rose, and gypsum flower are four varieties of the mineral gypsum; all four varieties show obvious crystalline structure.
In chemistry, a silicate is any member of a family of anions consisting of silicon and oxygen, usually with the general formula, where 0 ≤ x Silicate anions are often large polymeric molecules with an extense variety of structures, including chains and rings (as in polymeric metasilicate), double chains (as in, and sheets (as in. In geology and astronomy, the term silicate is used to mean silicate minerals, ionic solids with silicate anions; as well as rock types that consist predominantly of such minerals. In that context, the term also includes the non-ionic compound silicon dioxide (silica, quartz), which would correspond to x.
Silicate mineral paints or mineral colors are paint coats with mineral binding agents.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Slaking is the process in which earth materials disintegrate and crumble when exposed to moisture.
Soda–lime glass, also called soda–lime–silica glass, is the most prevalent type of glass, used for windowpanes and glass containers (bottles and jars) for beverages, food, and some commodity items.
Stucco or render is a material made of aggregates, a binder and water.
A sugar refinery is a refinery which processes raw sugar into white refined sugar or that processes sugar beet to refined sugar.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
Sulfate attack in concrete and mortar can be 'external' or 'internal'.
Tabby is a type of concrete made by burning oyster shells to create lime, then mixing it with water, sand, ash and broken oyster shells.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Wastewater treatment is a process used to convert wastewater into an effluent (outflowing of water to a receiving body of water) that can be returned to the water cycle with minimal impact on the environment or directly reused.
Whitewash, or calcimine, kalsomine, calsomine, or lime paint is a low-cost type of paint made from slaked lime (calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2) and chalk (calcium carbonate, (CaCO3), sometimes known as "whiting". Various other additives are also used.
In linguistics, a word sense is one of the meanings of a word (some words have multiple meanings, some words have only one meaning).
A xenolith ("foreign rock") is a rock fragment that becomes enveloped in a larger rock during the latter's development and solidification.