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Index Limonene

Limonene is a clear, colorless liquid hydrocarbon classified as a cyclic monoterpene, and is the major component in the oil of citrus fruit peels. [1]

58 relations: Adduct, Alkene, Benzene, Black pepper, Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules, Cannabis, Caraway, Carbocation, Carbon disulfide, Carbon tetrachloride, Carveol, Carvone, Celery, Centrifugation, Chirality (chemistry), Chloroform, Citrus, Cleaning agent, Conjugated system, Cracking (chemistry), Diels–Alder reaction, Dill, Enantiomer, Epoxide, Essential oil, Ethanol, Ether, Fennel, Geranyl pyrophosphate, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrolysis, Isomer, Isoprene, Lemon, Maleic anhydride, Markovnikov's rule, Mentha, Menthol, Meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid, Mineral acid, Monoterpene, Nerol, Orange (fruit), P-Cymene, Peel (fruit), Pine, Precursor (chemistry), Racemic mixture, Racemization, ..., Solvent, Steam distillation, Terpene, Terpinene, Terpineol, Trifluoroacetic acid, Turpentine, Vitex agnus-castus. Expand index (8 more) »


An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward" alternatively, a contraction of "addition product") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components.

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In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

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Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Black pepper

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.

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Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules

The Cahn–Ingold–Prelog (CIP) sequence rules, named for organic chemists Robert Sidney Cahn, Christopher Kelk Ingold, and Vladimir Prelog — alternatively termed the CIP priority rules, system, or conventions — are a standard process used in organic chemistry to completely and unequivocally name a stereoisomer of a molecule.

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Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae.

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Caraway, also known as meridian fennel, and Persian cumin, (Carum carvi) is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae,USDA Plants native to western Asia, Europe, and North Africa.

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A carbocation (/karbɔkətaɪː'jɔ̃/) is an ion with a positively charged carbon atom.

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Carbon disulfide

Carbon disulfide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2.

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Carbon tetrachloride

Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.

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Carveol is a natural unsaturated, monocyclic monoterpenoid alcohol that is a constituent of spearmint essential oil in the form of cis-(−)-carveol.

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Carvone is a member of a family of chemicals called terpenoids.

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Celery (Apium graveolens) is a marshland plant in the family Apiaceae that has been cultivated as a vegetable since antiquity.

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Centrifugation is a technique which involves the application of centrifugal force to separate particles from a solution according to their size, shape, density, viscosity of the medium and rotor speed.

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Chirality (chemistry)

Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.

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Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.

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Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.

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Cleaning agent

Cleaning agents are substances (usually liquids, powders, sprays, or granules) used to remove dirt, including dust, stains, bad smells, and clutter on surfaces.

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Conjugated system

In chemistry, a conjugated system is a system of connected p-orbitals with delocalized electrons in molecules which are conventionally represented as having alternating single and multiple bonds, which in general may lower the overall energy of the molecule and increase stability.

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Cracking (chemistry)

In petrochemistry, petroleum geology and organic chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or long-chain hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules such as light hydrocarbons, by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds in the precursors.

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Diels–Alder reaction

The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene derivative.

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Dill (Anethum graveolens) is an annual herb in the celery family Apiaceae.

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In chemistry, an enantiomer, also known as an optical isomer (and archaically termed antipode or optical antipode), is one of two stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other that are non-superposable (not identical), much as one's left and right hands are the same except for being reversed along one axis (the hands cannot be made to appear identical simply by reorientation).

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An epoxide is a cyclic ether with a three-atom ring.

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Essential oil

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.

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Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.

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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family.

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Geranyl pyrophosphate

Geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP), also known as geranyl diphosphate (GDP), is an intermediate in the HMG-CoA reductase pathway used by organisms in the biosynthesis of farnesyl pyrophosphate, geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate.

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In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

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Hydrogen chloride

The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.

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Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

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An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.

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Isoprene, or 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene, is a common organic compound with the formula CH2.

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The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.

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Maleic anhydride

Maleic anhydride is an organic compound with the formula C2H2(CO)2O.

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Markovnikov's rule

In organic chemistry, Markovnikov's rule or Markownikoff's rule describes the outcome of some addition reactions.

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Mentha (also known as mint, from Greek, Linear B mi-ta) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae (mint family).

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Menthol is an organic compound made synthetically or obtained from corn mint, peppermint, or other mint oils.

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Meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid

meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid (mCPBA) is a peroxycarboxylic acid used widely as an oxidant in organic synthesis.

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Mineral acid

A mineral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds.

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Monoterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of two isoprene units and have the molecular formula C10H16.

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Nerol is a monoterpene found in many essential oils such as lemongrass and hops.

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Orange (fruit)

The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.

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p-Cymene is a naturally occurring aromatic organic compound.

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Peel (fruit)

Peel, also known as rind or skin, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable which can be peeled off.

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A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.

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Precursor (chemistry)

In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.

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Racemic mixture

In chemistry, a racemic mixture, or racemate, is one that has equal amounts of left- and right-handed enantiomers of a chiral molecule.

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In chemistry, racemization is the conversion of an enantiomerically pure mixture (one where only one enantiomer is present) into a mixture where more than one of the enantiomers are present.

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A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

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Steam distillation

Steam distillation is a special type of distillation (a separation process) for temperature sensitive materials like natural aromatic compounds.

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Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

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The terpinenes are a group of isomeric hydrocarbons that are classified as monoterpenes.

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Terpineol is a monoterpene alcohol that has been isolated from a variety of sources such as cajuput oil, pine oil, and petitgrain oil.

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Trifluoroacetic acid

Trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) is an organofluorine compound with the chemical formula CF3CO2H.

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Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.

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Vitex agnus-castus

Vitex agnus-castus, also called vitex, chaste tree (or chastetree), chasteberry, Abraham's balm, lilac chastetree, or monk's pepper, is a native of the Mediterranean region.

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Redirects here:

(+)-(4R)-limonene, (+)-(R)-limonene, (-)-(4S)-limonene, (-)-(S)-limonene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-cyclohexene, 4-isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene, Cajeputene, Cinene, D'Limonene, D-Limonene, D-limonene, DL-limonene, Dipentene, Limonine.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limonene

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