54 relations: Absolute continuity, Almost everywhere, Analytic function, Argumentum a fortiori, Arzelà–Ascoli theorem, Banach fixed-point theorem, Banach space, Bounded variation, Continuous function, Contraction mapping, Derivative, Differentiable function, Differentiable manifold, Differential equation, Dini continuity, Equicontinuity, Essential supremum and essential infimum, Exponential function, Function (mathematics), Hölder condition, Hemicontinuity, Homeomorphism, If and only if, Initial value problem, Injective function, Inverse function, Kirszbraun theorem, Lebesgue measure, Locally compact space, Mathematical analysis, Mean value theorem, Metric (mathematics), Metric map, Metric space, Modulus of continuity, Neighbourhood (mathematics), Norm (mathematics), Picard–Lindelöf theorem, Piecewise linear manifold, Pseudogroup, Quasi-isometry, Rademacher's theorem, Real number, Real-valued function, Rudolf Lipschitz, Sine, Springer Science+Business Media, Stone–Weierstrass theorem, Topological manifold, Total derivative, ..., Triangle inequality, Uniform boundedness, Uniform continuity, Uniform convergence. Expand index (4 more) » « Shrink index
In calculus, absolute continuity is a smoothness property of functions that is stronger than continuity and uniform continuity.
In measure theory (a branch of mathematical analysis), a property holds almost everywhere if, in a technical sense, the set for which the property holds takes up nearly all possibilities.
In mathematics, an analytic function is a function that is locally given by a convergent power series.
Argumentum a fortiori (Latin: "from a/the stronger ") is a form of argumentation which draws upon existing confidence in a proposition to argue in favor of a second proposition that is held to be implicit in the first.
The Arzelà–Ascoli theorem is a fundamental result of mathematical analysis giving necessary and sufficient conditions to decide whether every sequence of a given family of real-valued continuous functions defined on a closed and bounded interval has a uniformly convergent subsequence.
In mathematics, the Banach fixed-point theorem (also known as the contraction mapping theorem or contraction mapping principle) is an important tool in the theory of metric spaces; it guarantees the existence and uniqueness of fixed points of certain self-maps of metric spaces, and provides a constructive method to find those fixed points.
In mathematics, more specifically in functional analysis, a Banach space (pronounced) is a complete normed vector space.
In mathematical analysis, a function of bounded variation, also known as function, is a real-valued function whose total variation is bounded (finite): the graph of a function having this property is well behaved in a precise sense.
In mathematics, a continuous function is a function for which sufficiently small changes in the input result in arbitrarily small changes in the output.
In mathematics, a contraction mapping, or contraction or contractor, on a metric space (M,d) is a function f from M to itself, with the property that there is some nonnegative real number 0\leq k such that for all x and y in M, The smallest such value of k is called the Lipschitz constant of f. Contractive maps are sometimes called Lipschitzian maps.
The derivative of a function of a real variable measures the sensitivity to change of the function value (output value) with respect to a change in its argument (input value).
In calculus (a branch of mathematics), a differentiable function of one real variable is a function whose derivative exists at each point in its domain.
In mathematics, a differentiable manifold (also differential manifold) is a type of manifold that is locally similar enough to a linear space to allow one to do calculus.
A differential equation is a mathematical equation that relates some function with its derivatives.
In mathematical analysis, Dini continuity is a refinement of continuity.
In mathematical analysis, a family of functions is equicontinuous if all the functions are continuous and they have equal variation over a given neighbourhood, in a precise sense described herein.
In mathematics, the concepts of essential supremum and essential infimum are related to the notions of supremum and infimum, but adapted to measure theory and functional analysis, where one often deals with statements that are not valid for all elements in a set, but rather almost everywhere, i.e., except on a set of measure zero.
In mathematics, an exponential function is a function of the form in which the argument occurs as an exponent.
In mathematics, a function was originally the idealization of how a varying quantity depends on another quantity.
In mathematics, a real or complex-valued function f on d-dimensional Euclidean space satisfies a Hölder condition, or is Hölder continuous, when there are nonnegative real constants C, α, such that for all x and y in the domain of f. More generally, the condition can be formulated for functions between any two metric spaces.
In mathematics, the notion of the continuity of functions is not immediately extensible to multivalued mappings or correspondences between two sets A and B. The dual concepts of upper hemicontinuity and lower hemicontinuity facilitate such an extension.
In the mathematical field of topology, a homeomorphism or topological isomorphism or bi continuous function is a continuous function between topological spaces that has a continuous inverse function.
In logic and related fields such as mathematics and philosophy, if and only if (shortened iff) is a biconditional logical connective between statements.
In mathematics, the field of differential equations, an initial value problem (also called the Cauchy problem by some authors) is an ordinary differential equation together with a specified value, called the initial condition, of the unknown function at a given point in the domain of the solution.
In mathematics, an injective function or injection or one-to-one function is a function that preserves distinctness: it never maps distinct elements of its domain to the same element of its codomain.
In mathematics, an inverse function (or anti-function) is a function that "reverses" another function: if the function applied to an input gives a result of, then applying its inverse function to gives the result, and vice versa.
In mathematics, specifically real analysis and functional analysis, the Kirszbraun theorem states that if U is a subset of some Hilbert space H1, and H2 is another Hilbert space, and is a Lipschitz-continuous map, then there is a Lipschitz-continuous map that extends f and has the same Lipschitz constant as f. Note that this result in particular applies to Euclidean spaces En and Em, and it was in this form that Kirszbraun originally formulated and proved the theorem.
In measure theory, the Lebesgue measure, named after French mathematician Henri Lebesgue, is the standard way of assigning a measure to subsets of n-dimensional Euclidean space.
In topology and related branches of mathematics, a topological space is called locally compact if, roughly speaking, each small portion of the space looks like a small portion of a compact space.
Mathematical analysis is the branch of mathematics dealing with limits and related theories, such as differentiation, integration, measure, infinite series, and analytic functions.
In mathematics, the mean value theorem states, roughly, that for a given planar arc between two endpoints, there is at least one point at which the tangent to the arc is parallel to the secant through its endpoints.
In mathematics, a metric or distance function is a function that defines a distance between each pair of elements of a set.
In the mathematical theory of metric spaces, a metric map is a function between metric spaces that does not increase any distance (such functions are always continuous).
In mathematics, a metric space is a set for which distances between all members of the set are defined.
In mathematical analysis, a modulus of continuity is a function ω: → used to measure quantitatively the uniform continuity of functions.
In topology and related areas of mathematics, a neighbourhood (or neighborhood) is one of the basic concepts in a topological space.
In linear algebra, functional analysis, and related areas of mathematics, a norm is a function that assigns a strictly positive length or size to each vector in a vector space—save for the zero vector, which is assigned a length of zero.
In mathematics, in the study of differential equations, the Picard–Lindelöf theorem, Picard's existence theorem or Cauchy–Lipschitz theorem is an important theorem on existence and uniqueness of solutions to first-order equations with given initial conditions.
In mathematics, a piecewise linear (PL) manifold is a topological manifold together with a piecewise linear structure on it.
In mathematics, a pseudogroup is an extension of the group concept, but one that grew out of the geometric approach of Sophus Lie, rather than out of abstract algebra (such as quasigroup, for example).
In mathematics, quasi-isometry is an equivalence relation on metric spaces that ignores their small-scale details in favor of their coarse structure.
In mathematical analysis, Rademacher's theorem, named after Hans Rademacher, states the following: If is an open subset of '''R'''''n'' and    is Lipschitz continuous, then   is differentiable almost everywhere in; that is, the points in at which   is not differentiable form a set of Lebesgue measure zero.
In mathematics, a real number is a value of a continuous quantity that can represent a distance along a line.
In mathematics, a real-valued function is a function whose values are real numbers.
Rudolf Otto Sigismund Lipschitz (14 May 1832 – 7 October 1903) was a German mathematician who made contributions to mathematical analysis (where he gave his name to the Lipschitz continuity condition) and differential geometry, as well as number theory, algebras with involution and classical mechanics.
In mathematics, the sine is a trigonometric function of an angle.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
In mathematical analysis, the Weierstrass approximation theorem states that every continuous function defined on a closed interval can be uniformly approximated as closely as desired by a polynomial function.
In topology, a branch of mathematics, a topological manifold is a topological space (which may also be a separated space) which locally resembles real n-dimensional space in a sense defined below.
In the mathematical field of differential calculus, a total derivative or full derivative of a function f of several variables, e.g., t, x, y, etc., with respect to an exogenous argument, e.g., t, is the limiting ratio of the change in the function's value to the change in the exogenous argument's value (for arbitrarily small changes), taking into account the exogenous argument's direct effect as well as indirect effects via the other arguments of the function.
In mathematics, the triangle inequality states that for any triangle, the sum of the lengths of any two sides must be greater than or equal to the length of the remaining side.
In mathematics, a bounded function is a function for which there exists a lower bound and an upper bound, in other words, a constant that is larger than the absolute value of any value of this function.
In mathematics, a function f is uniformly continuous if, roughly speaking, it is possible to guarantee that f(x) and f(y) be as close to each other as we please by requiring only that x and y are sufficiently close to each other; unlike ordinary continuity, the maximum distance between f(x) and f(y) cannot depend on x and y themselves.
In the mathematical field of analysis, uniform convergence is a type of convergence of functions stronger than pointwise convergence.
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