70 relations: Activated carbon, Altlußheim, Asphyxiant gas, BMW H2R, Bubble chamber, Catalysis, Chromium(III) oxide, Compressed hydrogen, Critical point (thermodynamics), Cryo-adsorption, Cryogenic fuel, Cryogenics, DeepC, Deuterium, Elastic collision, Energy density, Exothermic reaction, Expansion ratio, Fuel cell, Gasoline gallon equivalent, Germany, Hydrogen, Hydrogen infrastructure, Hydrogen peroxide, Hydrogen safety, Hydrogen storage, Hydrogen vehicle, Hydrogen-powered aircraft, Industrial gas, Internal combustion engine, Iron(III) oxide, Ivy Mike, James Dewar, Karl Friedrich Bonhoeffer, Kelvin, Liquefaction of gases, Liquefied natural gas, Liquid, Liquid fuel, Liquid hydrogen tank car, Liquid hydrogen tanktainer, Liquid oxygen, List of data references for chemical elements, List of UN numbers 1901 to 2000, Metallic hydrogen, Metastability, Molecule, Museum Autovision, NASA, Ozone, ..., Paul Harteck, Regenerative cooling, Regenerative cooling (rocket), Relative density, Rocket engine, Rocket propellant, Slush hydrogen, Solid hydrogen, Spacecraft propulsion, Specific energy, Specific impulse, Spin (physics), Spin isomers of hydrogen, Thermonuclear weapon, Triple point, Type 212 submarine, Type 214 submarine, United States Air Force, Vacuum flask, Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
Altlußheim is a municipality in Baden-Württemberg and belongs to Rhein-Neckar-Kreis.
An asphyxiant gas is a nontoxic or minimally toxic gas which reduces or displaces the normal oxygen concentration in breathing air.
The BMW H2R ("Hydrogen Record Car") is one of the first of a new breed of racecars adapted to run on liquid hydrogen fuel.
A bubble chamber is a vessel filled with a superheated transparent liquid (most often liquid hydrogen) used to detect electrically charged particles moving through it.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Chromium(III) oxide (or chromia) is the inorganic compound of the formula.
Compressed hydrogen (CH2, CGH2 or CGH2) is the gaseous state of the element hydrogen kept under pressure.
In thermodynamics, a critical point (or critical state) is the end point of a phase equilibrium curve.
Cryo-adsorption is a method used for hydrogen storage where gaseous hydrogen at cryogenic temperatures (150—60 K) is physically adsorbed on porous material, mostly activated carbon.
Cryogenic fuels are fuels that require storage at extremely low temperatures in order to maintain them in a liquid state.
In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.
The DeepC is a hydrogen-fueled Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV), power-assisted by an electric motor that gets its electricity from a fuel cell.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
An elastic collision is an encounter between two bodies in which the total kinetic energy of the two bodies after the encounter is equal to their total kinetic energy before the encounter.
Energy density is the amount of energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit volume.
An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases energy by light or heat.
The expansion ratio of a liquefied and cryogenic substance is the volume of a given amount of that substance in liquid form compared to the volume of the same amount of substance in gaseous form, at room temperature and normal atmospheric pressure.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
Gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) or gasoline-equivalent gallon (GEG) is the amount of alternative fuel it takes to equal the energy content of one liquid gallon of gasoline.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrogen infrastructure is the infrastructure of hydrogen pipeline transport, points of hydrogen production and hydrogen stations (sometimes clustered as a hydrogen highway) for distribution as well as the sale of hydrogen fuel, and thus a crucial pre-requisite before a successful commercialization of automotive fuel cell technology.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
Hydrogen safety covers the safe production, handling and use of hydrogen - particularly hydrogen gas fuel and liquid hydrogen.
Methods of hydrogen storage for subsequent use span many approaches including high pressures, cryogenics, and chemical compounds that reversibly release H2 upon heating.
A hydrogen vehicle is a vehicle that uses hydrogen as its onboard fuel for motive power.
A hydrogen-powered aircraft is an aeroplane that uses hydrogen fuel as a power source.
Industrial gases are gaseous materials that are manufactured for use in Industry.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
Iron(III) oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe2O3.
Ivy Mike was the codename given to the first test of a full-scale thermonuclear device, in which part of the explosive yield comes from nuclear fusion.
Sir James Dewar FRS FRSE (20 September 1842 – 27 March 1923) was a Scottish chemist and physicist.
Karl Friedrich Bonhoeffer (13 January 1899 – 15 May 1957) was a German chemist.
The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
Liquefaction of gases is physical conversion of a gas into a liquid state (condensation).
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4, with some mixture of ethane C2H6) that has been converted to liquid form for ease and safety of non-pressurized storage or transport.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
Liquid fuels are combustible or energy-generating molecules that can be harnessed to create mechanical energy, usually producing kinetic energy; they also must take the shape of their container.
A liquid hydrogen tank car, also called liquid hydrogen tank wagon or liquid hydrogen tanker wagon is a railroad tank car designed to carry cryogenic liquid hydrogen (LH2).
A liquid hydrogen tank-tainer also known as a liquid hydrogen tank container is a specialized type of container designed to carry cryogenic liquid hydrogen (LH2) on standard intermodal equipment.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
Values for many properties of the elements, together with various references, are collected on these data pages.
The UN numbers from UN1901 to UN2000 as assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
Metallic hydrogen is a phase of hydrogen in which it behaves like an electrical conductor.
In physics, metastability is a stable state of a dynamical system other than the system's state of least energy.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Museum Autovision is a museum for cars, motorcycles, bicycles (most of which were built by NSU Motorenwerke AG) and alternative propulsion in Altlußheim, a small town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.
Paul Karl Maria Harteck (20 July 190222 January 1985) was a German physical chemist.
Regenerative cooling is a method of cooling gases in which compressed gas is cooled by allowing it to expand and thereby take heat from the surroundings.
Regenerative cooling, in the context of rocket engine design, is a configuration in which some or all of the propellant is passed through tubes, channels, or in a jacket around the combustion chamber or nozzle to cool the engine.
Relative density, or specific gravity, is the ratio of the density (mass of a unit volume) of a substance to the density of a given reference material.
A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.
Rocket propellant is a material used either directly by a rocket as the reaction mass (propulsive mass) that is ejected, typically with very high speed, from a rocket engine to produce thrust, and thus provide spacecraft propulsion, or indirectly to produce the reaction mass in a chemical reaction.
Slush hydrogen is a combination of liquid hydrogen and solid hydrogen at the triple point with a lower temperature and a higher density than liquid hydrogen.
Solid hydrogen is the solid state of the element hydrogen, achieved by decreasing the temperature below hydrogen's melting point of (−434.45 °F).
Spacecraft propulsion is any method used to accelerate spacecraft and artificial satellites.
Specific energy is energy per unit mass.
Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.
In quantum mechanics and particle physics, spin is an intrinsic form of angular momentum carried by elementary particles, composite particles (hadrons), and atomic nuclei.
Molecular hydrogen occurs in two isomeric forms, one with its two proton nuclear spins aligned parallel (orthohydrogen), the other with its two proton spins aligned antiparallel (parahydrogen).
A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material (tritium, deuterium or lithium deuteride) and causing a fusion reaction.
In thermodynamics, the triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium.
The German Type 212 class, also Italian Todaro class, is a highly advanced design of non-nuclear submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) for the German and Italian navies.
The Type 214 is a diesel-electric submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW).
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
A vacuum flask (also known as a Dewar flask, Dewar bottle or thermos) is an insulating storage vessel that greatly lengthens the time over which its contents remain hotter or cooler than the flask's surroundings.
Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski (28 October 1845 – 16 April 1888) was a Polish physicist and chemist.