292 relations: Abraham de Fabert, Achille Baraguey d'Hilliers, Admiral of France, Adolphe Niel, Adrien Maurice de Noailles, Aimable Pélissier, Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Albéric Clément, Albert de Gondi, Alphonse Juin, Amaury de Sévérac, Ancien Régime, André de Laval-Montmorency, André Masséna, Anne de Montmorency, Anne Hilarion de Tourville, Anne Jules de Noailles, Anne Pierre d'Harcourt, Antoine Coiffier de Ruzé, marquis d'Effiat, Antoine de Roquelaure, Antoine Gaston de Roquelaure, Antoine III de Gramont, Antoine V de Gramont, Argentan, Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron, Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, Armand Nompar de Caumont, Arnoul d'Audrehem, Auguste de Marmont, Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély, Augustin-Joseph de Mailly, Aumont family, Édouard Mortier, Duke of Trévise, Éléonor Marie du Maine du Bourg, Élie Frédéric Forey, Émile Fayolle, Étienne Maurice Gérard, Baton (military), Bernard Pierre Magnan, Bernardin Gigault de Bellefonds, Bertrand Clausel, Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc, Bon-Adrien Jeannot de Moncey, Boniface de Castellane, Boulevards of the Marshals, Bourbon Restoration, Caesar, duc de Choiseul, Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard, Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon, César Phoebus d'Albret, Count of Miossens, ..., Charles de Batz de Castelmore d'Artagnan, Charles de Blanchefort, Charles de Cossé, Count of Brissac, Charles de Fitz-James, Charles de Gontaut, duc de Biron, Charles de La Porte, Charles de Schomberg, Charles du Houx de Vioménil, Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix, Charles II d'Amboise, Charles II de Cossé, Duke of Brissac, Charles Juste de Beauvau, Prince of Craon, Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de Belle-Isle, Charles O'Brien, 6th Viscount Clare, Charles XIV John of Sweden, Charles, Prince of Soubise, Charles-Armand de Gontaut, duc de Biron, Charles-Auguste de Goyon, Christian Louis de Montmorency-Luxembourg, Claude d'Annebault, Claude de Choiseul-Francières, Claude François Bidal d'Asfeld, Claude Louis Hector de Villars, Claude Louis, Comte de Saint-Germain, Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, Concino Concini, Conrad von Rosen, Duke of Montmorency, Eagle, Edmond Le Bœuf, Emmanuel de Croÿ-Solre, Emmanuel de Grouchy, marquis de Grouchy, Emmanuel-Félicité de Durfort de Duras, Ferdinand de Marsin, Ferdinand Foch, First French Empire, Fleur-de-lis, François Achille Bazaine, François Annibal d'Estrées, François Certain Canrobert, François Christophe de Kellermann, François d'Aubusson de La Feuillade, François de Bassompierre, François de Bonne, Duke of Lesdiguières, François de Créquy, François de Franquetot de Coigny, François de Montmorency, François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy, François de Scépeaux, François Gaston de Lévis, François Joseph Lefebvre, François Louis Rousselet de Châteaurenault, François-Henri de Franquetot de Coigny, François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg, François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, Frederick Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg, Gabriel Jean Joseph Molitor, Gaspard de Clermont-Tonnerre, Gaspard de Saulx, Gaspard I de Coligny, Gaspard III de Coligny, Gaston Pierre de Lévis, General officer, Georges Cadoudal, Georges Mouton, Gian Giacomo Trivulzio, Gilbert Motier de La Fayette, Gilles de Rais, Gilles de Souvré, Marquis de Courtanvaux, Baron de Lezines, Godefroi, Comte d'Estrades, Grand Constable of France, Grand Dignitaries of the French Empire, Great Officers of the Crown of France, Guillaume Brune, Guillaume Dode de la Brunerie, Guy Aldonce de Durfort de Lorges, Guy André Pierre de Montmorency-Laval, Guy I of Clermont, Guy II de Nesle, Guy Michel de Durfort, Henri de La Ferté-Senneterre, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne, Henri de Schomberg, Henri I de Montmorency, Henri II de Montmorency, Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke, Henri Joseph Bouchard d'Esparbès de Lussan d'Aubeterre, Henri, Duke of Joyeuse, Henry d'Harcourt, Honorat II of Savoy, Honoré Charles Reille, Honoré d'Albert (1581–1649), Horace François Bastien Sébastiani de La Porta, Hubert de Brienne, Hubert Lyautey, Imbert de La Plâtière, Jacques Bazin de Bezons, Jacques Dalbon, Seigneur de Saint Andre, Jacques de La Palice, Jacques Eléonor Rouxel de Grancey, Jacques Henri de Durfort de Duras, Jacques Lauriston, Jacques Leroy de Saint-Arnaud, Jacques Louis Randon, Jacques MacDonald, Jacques Philippe de Choiseul-Stainville, Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force, James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, Jérôme Bonaparte, Józef Poniatowski, Jean Caylar d'Anduze de Saint-Bonnet, Jean Charles de Saint-Nectaire, Jean de Baudricourt, Jean de Brosse, Jean de Clermont, Jean de Gassion, Jean de La Baume, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, Jean de Lescun, Jean de Schulemberg, Jean de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, Jean II d'Estrées, Jean II de Rieux, Jean Isidore Harispe, Jean Lannes, Jean Le Maingre, Jean Paul Timoléon de Cossé Brissac, Jean Poton de Xaintrailles, Jean Victor Marie Moreau, Jean-Armand de Joyeuse, Marquis de Grandpré, Jean-Baptiste Bessières, Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Jean-Baptiste d'Ornano, Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon, Jean-Baptiste François des Marets, marquis de Maillebois, Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, Jean-Baptiste Louis Andrault de Maulévrier, Jean-Baptiste Philibert Vaillant, Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Jean-Mathieu-Philibert Sérurier, Joachim Murat, Joachim Rouault, Joseph Gallieni, Joseph Joffre, Josias von Rantzau, Ladislas Ignace de Bercheny, Lancelot de Saint-Maard, Latin, Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, List of Swedish monarchs, Lords and Counts of Harcourt, Louis Aloysius, Prince of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein, Louis Antoine de Gontaut, Louis Charles César Le Tellier, Louis d'Aubusson de La Feuillade, Louis de Brienne de Conflans d'Armentières, Louis de Crevant, Duke of Humières, Louis de Marillac, Louis de Noailles, Louis de Sancerre, Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, Louis Georges Érasme de Contades, Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme, Louis Nicolas Victor de Félix d'Ollières, Louis Victor de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Louis, Marquis of Brancas and Prince of Nisaro, Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont, Louis-François de Boufflers, Louis-Gabriel Suchet, Louis-Nicolas Davout, Marie-Pierre Kœnig, Marshal General of France, Marshal of the Empire, Mathieu de Trie, Maurice de Saxe, Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, Michel Ney, Michel-Joseph Maunoury, Miles de Noyers, Military rank, Napoleon, Napoleon III, National Convention, Nicolas Catinat, Nicolas Chalon du Blé, Nicolas de L'Hôpital, Nicolas de Neufville de Villeroy, Nicolas Joseph Maison, Nicolas Luckner, Nicolas Oudinot, Nicolay family, Noël Bouton de Chamilly, Noël Jourda de Vaux, Odet of Foix, Viscount of Lautrec, Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta, Paul de Thermes, Philip II of France, Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, Philippe Charles de La Fare, Philippe de Crèvecœur d'Esquerdes, Philippe de Culant, Philippe de La Mothe-Houdancourt, Philippe de Noailles, Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, Philippe Pétain, Piero Strozzi, Pierre Augereau, Pierre de Montesquiou d'Artagnan, Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville, Pierre François Bosquet, Principality of Pontecorvo, Raoul II Sores, Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans, René de Froulay de Tessé, Robert III de La Marck, Robert IV de La Marck, Robert Stewart, 4th Lord of Aubigny, Roger de Saint-Lary de Bellegarde, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Second French Empire, Simon de Melun, Sylvain Charles Valée, Teodoro Trivulzio, Thomas de Foix-Lescun, Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Timoléon d'Espinay, Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar, Comte de Lowendal, Urbain de Maillé-Brézé, Veere, Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Victor-Marie d'Estrées, Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, Wolfert VI of Borselen, World War I, Yves d'Alègre, Zeeland, 16th century, 19th century. 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Abraham de Fabert, marquis d'Esternay (11 October 159917 May 1662) was a Marshal of France,.
Louis-Achille Baraguey d'Hilliers, 1st Comte Baraguey d'Hilliers (6 September 1795 – 6 June 1878) was a Marshal of France and politician.
Admiral of France (Amiral de France) is a French title of honour.
Adolphe Niel (4 October 180213 August 1869) was a French Army general and statesman, also Marshal of France.
Adrien Maurice de Noailles, 3rd Duke of Noailles (29 September 1678 – 24 June 1766) was a French nobleman and soldier.
Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, 1st Duc de Malakoff (6 November 179422 May 1864), was a Marshal of France.
Alain-Emmanuel de Coëtlogon (4 December 1646 at Rennes – 6 June 1730 in Paris), was a Marshal of France during the reign of Louis XIV and Louis XV.
Albéric Clément (c. 1165 – 3 July 1191) was the first Marshal of France (Marescallus Franciae), a position created for him by Philip Augustus in 1185.
Albert de Gondi (4 November 1522 in Florence – 1602) seigneur du Perron, comte, then marquis de Belle-Isle (1573), duc de Retz (from 1581), was a marshal of France and a member of the Gondi family.
Alphonse Pierre Juin (16 December 1888 – 27 January 1967) was a senior French Army officer who became a Marshal of France.
Amaury, lord of Sévérac-le-Château, and Beaucaire of Chaudes-Aigues, was Marshal of France from 1422-1427.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
André de Laval-Montmorency, seigneur de Lohéac (1485) was a Marshal of France.
André Masséna, 1st Duc de Rivoli, 1st Prince d'Essling (born Andrea Massena; 16 May 1758 – 4 April 1817) was a French military commander during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Anne, Duke of Montmorency, Honorary Knight of the Garter (15 March 1493, Chantilly, Oise12 November 1567, Paris) was a French soldier, statesman and diplomat.
Anne-Hilarion de Costentin, Comte de Tourville (24 November 1642, Paris – 23 May 1701) was a French naval commander who served under King Louis XIV.
Anne Jules de Noailles, 2nd Duke of Noailles (5 February 16502 October 1708) was one of the chief generals of France towards the end of the reign of Louis XIV, and, after raising the regiment of Noailles in 1689, he commanded in Spain during both the War of the Grand Alliance and the War of the Spanish Succession, and was made marshal of France in 1693.
Anne Pierre d'Harcourt was a French nobleman, notable as a duke of Harcourt and the fourth marshal of France from the House of Harcourt.
Antoine Coiffier (or Coëffier) de Ruzé d'Effiat, marquis d'Effiat, (1581- 7 July 1632) was a French noble and Superintendent of Finances to Louis XIII during the years 1626 to 1632.
Antoine de Roquelaure (Antòni de Ròcalaura in Occitan), lord of Roquelaure, Gaudoux, Sainte-Christie, Mirepoix, Montbert, Baron of Lavardens and Biran (1544 – Lectoure, 1625) was an important sixteenth-century French statesman and close collaborator of Henry IV.
Antoine Gaston de Roquelaure (1656-6 May 1738) was a French nobleman and Marshal of France.
Antoine III Agénor de Gramont, Duke of Gramont, comte de Guiche, comte de Gramont, comte de Louvigny, Souverain de Bidache, (1604, Chateau d'Hagetmau – 12 July 1678, Bayonne) was a French military man and diplomat.
Antoine V de Gramont (January 1672 – September 16, 1725), Duke of Guiche, and Marshal of France.
Argentan is a commune and the seat of two cantons and of an arrondissement in the Orne department in northwestern France.
Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron (152426 July 1592) was a celebrated French soldier of the 16th century.
Louis François Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, 3rd Duke of Richelieu (13 March 1696 – 8 August 1788), was a French soldier, diplomat and statesman.
Armand-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force (30 October 1580 – 16 December 1675) was a Marshal of France and peer of France.
Arnoul d'Audrehem (c. 1305 – 1370) was a Marshal of France, who fought in the Hundred Years' War.
Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont (20 July 1774 – 22 March 1852) was a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title (duc de Raguse).
Auguste Michel Étienne Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély, later 2nd Count Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély (30 July 1794, Paris – 1 February 1870 Cannes) was a Marshal of France, soldier and politician.
Augustin-Joseph de Mailly (5 April 1708, Villaines-sous-Lucé – 25 March 1794, Arras) was a French general, governor and nobleman.
The family of Aumont is a French noble house which takes its name from Aumont, a small commune in the department of the Somme.
Adolphe Édouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, 1st Duc de Trévise (13 February 1768 – 28 July 1835) was a French general and Marshal of France under Napoleon I. He was one of 18 people killed in 1835 during Giuseppe Marco Fieschi's assassination attempt on King Louis Philippe I.
Eléonor Marie du Maine (14 September 1655, Changy - 15 January 1739, Strasbourg), count of Le Bourg, baron of Espinasse was a French nobleman and general.
Élie Frédéric Forey (10 January 1804 – 20 June 1872) was a Marshal of France.
Marie Émile Fayolle (14 May 1852 – 27 August 1928) was a Marshal of France.
Étienne Maurice Gérard, 1er Comte Gérard (4 April 177317 April 1852) was a French general, statesman and Marshal of France.
The ceremonial baton is a short, thick stick-like object, typically in wood or metal, that is traditionally the sign of a field marshal or a similar very high-ranking military officer, and carried as a piece of their uniform.
Bernard Pierre Magnan (December 7, 1791 in Paris – May 29, 1865 in Paris) was a Marshal of France.
Bernardin Gigault de Bellefonds (1630 - 4 December 1694) was a French general and marshal of France.
Bertrand, comte Clausel (or Clauzel) (12 December 177221 April 1842) was a marshal of France.
Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc (or Blaise de Montluc) (26 July 1577) was a marshal of France.
Bon-Adrien Jeannot de Moncey (or Jannot de Moncey), 1st Duke of Conegliano, 1st Baron of Conegliano, Peer of France (31 July 1754 – 20 April 1842), Marshal of France, was a prominent soldier in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
Esprit Victor Elisabeth Boniface de Castellane, comte de Castellane (March 21, 1788September 16, 1862), was a French military officer and ultimately a Marshal of France.
The Boulevards of the Marshals (Boulevards des Maréchaux) are a collection of thoroughfares that encircle the city of Paris, France, near its outermost margins.
The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.
César, duc de Choiseul, comte du Plessis-Praslin (1602 – 23 December 1675) was a Marshal of France and French diplomat, generally known for the best part of his life as the maréchal (marshal) du Plessis-Praslin.
Camille d'Hostun de la Baume, duc de Tallard (14 February 1652 – 20 March 1728) was a French noble, diplomat and military commander, who became Marshal of France.
Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon, 1st Marquis de Grenade (31 May 1754 – 25 December 1818) was Marshal of France.
César Phoebus d'Albret, comte de Miossens (16143 September 1676), was a French soldier, a Marshal of France under Louis XIV (his distant cousin), and a court gallant.
Charles Ogier de Batz de Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan (1611 – 25 June 1673) served Louis XIV as captain of the Musketeers of the Guard and died at the Siege of Maastricht in the Franco-Dutch War.
Charles I de Blanchefort, Marquis de Créquy, Prince de Poix, Duc de Lesdiguières, (1578–1638), was a marshal of France.
Charles de Cossé, comte de Brissac (1505 (O.S.)/06 — 1563), was a French courtier and soldier, named beau Brissac at court and remembered as the Maréchal Brissac.
Charles de Fitz-James, Duke of Fitz-James (4 November 1712 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye – 22 March 1787 at his hôtel particulier, Paris) was a French general and 4th Duke of Fitz-James, who descended from the British House of Stuart.
Charles de Gontaut, duc de Biron (156231 July 1602) was a French soldier whose military achievements were accompanied by plotting to dismember France and set himself up as ruler of an independent Burgundy.
Charles de La Porte (1602, Paris – 8 February 1664, Paris) was a French nobleman and general.
Charles de Schomberg (16 February 1601 – 6 June 1656), Duke d'Halluin, was a French soldier from the 17th century and Marshal of France.
Charles Joseph Hyacinthe du Houx de Vioménil, Marquis of Vioménil (August 22, 1734 - March 5, 1827) was a Marshal of France.
Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix de Castries, marquis de Castries, baron des États de Languedoc, comte de Charlus, baron de Castelnau et de Montjouvent, seigneur de Puylaurens et de Lézignan (25 February 1727, Paris – 11 January 1801, Wolfenbüttel) was a French marshal.
Charles d'Amboise, Seigneur de Chaumont (1473 – 11 February 1511) was a French nobleman, who acted as French governor of Milan (1503–1511) during the reign of Louis XII and as a French commander during the War of the League of Cambrai.
Charles II de Cossé (1550June 1621) was the first Duke of Brissac, a title he was granted in 1611.
Charles Juste de Beauvau, Prince of Craon (10 September 1720 – 21 May 1793), 2nd Prince of Craon (1754), Marshal of France (1783) was a French scholar, nobleman and general.
Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de Belle-Isle (22 September 1684 – 26 January 1761) was a French general and statesman.
Charles O'Brien, (17 March 1699 – 9 September 1761), 6th Viscount Clare (titular 9th Earl of Thomond) was an Irish military officer in French service, known to posterity as the Maréchal de Thomond.
Charles XIV and III John or Carl John, (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl Johan; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden (as Charles XIV John) and King of Norway (as Charles III John) from 1818 until his death, and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818.
Charles de Rohan (16 July 17151 July 1787), duke of Rohan-Rohan, seigneur of Roberval, and marshal of France from 1758, was a military man, and a minister to the kings Louis XV and Louis XVI.
Charles Armand de Gontaut, duc de Biron (5 August 1663 — 23 July 1756), great-grandson of Armand de Gontout-Biron, was a French military leader who served with distinction under Louis XIV and Louis XV, and was made a Marshal of France by the latter.
Charles-Auguste de Goÿon de Matignon, comte de Gacé (1647-1729), was the French soldier, diplomat and Marshal of France.
Christian de Montmorency-Luxembourg (February 9, 1675 – November 23, 1746), prince of Tingry, count of Beaumont and count of Luxe, was a marshal of France (1734).
Claude d'Annebault (1495– 2 November 1552) was a French military officer; Marshal of France (1538–52); Admiral of France (1543–1552); and Governor of Piedmont in 1541.
Claude de Choiseul-Francières (January 1, 1632 – March 15, 1711) was count of Choiseul, marquis of Francières, seigneur d'Yroüerre, and a Marshal of France beginning in 1693.
Claude François Bidal, marquis d'Asfeld (Paris, July 2, 1665 – Paris, March 7, 1743), was a French Marshal of France.
Claude Louis Hector de Villars, Prince de Martigues, Marquis then Duc de Villars, Vicomte de Melun (8 May 1653 – 17 June 1734) was a general of Louis XIV of France, one of only six Marshals who have been promoted to Marshal General of France.
Claude Louis, Comte de Saint-Germain (15 April 1707 – 15 January 1778), French general, was born on 15 April 1707, at the Château of Vertamboz.
Claude Victor-Perrin, First Duc de Belluno (7 December 1764 – 1 March 1841) was a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Concino Concini, 1er Marquis d'Ancre (c1575 – 24 April 1617), was an Italian politician, best known for being a minister of Louis XIII of France, as the favourite of Louis's mother, Marie de Medici, Queen of France.
Conrad von Rosen (1628, Straupe – 1715) was a soldier from Livonia, noted for his long service in the French Army.
The title of Duke of Montmorency was created several times for members of the Montmorency family, who were lords of Montmorency, near Paris.
Eagle is the common name for many large birds of prey of the family Accipitridae.
Edmond Leboeuf (5 November 1809 – 7 June 1888) was a marshal of France.
Emanuel de Croÿ-Solre, Duke of Croy (June 23, 1718 - March 30, 1784) was a French soldier of the 18th century who attained the rank of Marshal of France.
Emmanuel de Grouchy, 2ème Marquis de Grouchy (23 October 1766 – 29 May 1847) was a French general and marshal.
Emmanuel-Félicité de Durfort, duc de Duras (19 September 1715 – 6 September 1789, Versailles) was a French politician, diplomat, peer, marshal and Freemason (belonging to the l'Olympique de la Parfaite Estime lodge).
Ferdinand, comte de Marsin (or Marchin) (February 10, 1656 – September 9, 1706) was a French general and diplomat, who was Marshal of France.
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The fleur-de-lis/fleur-de-lys (plural: fleurs-de-lis/fleurs-de-lys) or flower-de-luce is a stylized lily (in French, fleur means "flower", and lis means "lily") that is used as a decorative design or motif, and many of the Catholic saints of France, particularly St. Joseph, are depicted with a lily.
François Achille Bazaine (13 February 181123 September 1888) was an officer of the French army.
François-Annibal d'Estrées, duc d'Estrées (1573 – 5 May 1670 in Paris) was a French diplomat, soldier and Marshal of France.
François Marcellin Certain de Canrobert, born François Certain de Canrobert at Saint-Céré on June 27, 1809, and died in Paris on January 28, 1895, was a French Marshal.
François Christophe Kellermann or de Kellermann, 1st Duc de Valmy (28 May 1735 – 23 September 1820) was a French military commander, later the Général d'Armée, a Marshal of France and a freemason.
François d'Aubusson de La Feuillade, Duc de Roannais (1625 or 1631 – 1691) was a French officer and noble who eventually rose to become a Marshal of France.
François de Bassompierre (12 April 157912 October 1646) was a French courtier.
François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières (1 April 1543 – 21 September 1626) was a French soldier of the French Wars of Religion and Constable of France.
François, chevalier de Créquy and marquis de Marines (1625 – 3 February 1687) was marshal of France.
François de Franquetot de Coigny (16 March 1670 – 18 December 1759) was a Marshal of France, Count, and from 1747, the Duke of Coigny.
François de Montmorency, Duc de Montmorency (17 July 1530 – 6 May 1579) was a French soldier, diplomat and peer who served as governor of Paris.
François de Neufville, (2nd) Duke of Villeroy (7 April 164418 July 1730) was a French soldier.
François de Scépeaux de Vieille-Ville (1509–1571), lord of Vieilleville, 1st comte of Durtal, was a French governor, diplomat, ambassador, conseillé du roi and marshal under king Francis I of France.
François-Gaston de Lévis, Duc de Lévis (20 August 1719 – 20 November 1787), styled as the Chevalier de Lévis until 1785, was a French noble and a Marshal of France.
François Joseph Lefebvre (25 October 1755 – 14 September 1820), Duc de Dantzig,Francis Joseph Lefebvre, Alvin K. Benson, Magill's Guide to Military History, Vol.
François-Louis Rousselet, marquis de Châteaurenault (Châteaurenaut, Châteauregnaud) (1637- Paris, November 15, 1716) was a French vice-admiral, maréchal, and nobleman.
François-Henri de Franquetot de Coigny, 1er duc de Coigny (1737 – May 19, 1821) was a Marshal of France.
François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, Duke of Piney-Luxembourg, called Luxembourg, (8 January 1628 – 4 January 1695) was a French general, marshal of France, famous as the comrade and successor of the great Condé.
François-Marie de Broglie, 1st Duke of Broglie (11 January 167122 May 1745) was a French military leader.
Friedrich Hermann von Schönberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg, 1st Count of Mertola, KG (French: Frédéric-Armand; Portuguese: Armando Frederico; 6 December 1615 – 1 July 1690) was a marshal of France and a General in the British and Portuguese Army.
Gabriel-Jean-Joseph, 1er Comte Molitor (7 March 1770 – 28 July 1849), was a Marshal of France.
Gaspard de Clermont-Tonnerre (16 August 1688 at Dijon – 16 March 1781 at the Hôtel Matignon, Paris), was a French noble, descendant of a family which traced its origins to the 12th century.
Gaspard de Saulx, sieur de Tavannes (1509–1575) was a French Roman Catholic military leader during the Italian Wars and the French Wars of Religion.
Gaspard I de Coligny, Count of Coligny, seigneur de Châtillon (1465/1470–1522), known as the Marshal of Châtillon, was a French soldier.
Gaspard III de Coligny, Maréchal de Châtillon, of the House of Coligny (26 July 1584, Montpellier – 4 January 1646, Châtillon), comte de Coligny and seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Loing, then duc de Coligny, marquis d'Andelot, Peer of France, Marshal of France (1622), was a French Protestant general.
Gaston Pierre de Lévis, known as the duc de Lévis-Mirepoix (Gaston-Charles-Pierre-François de Lévis; 1699–1757), maréchal de France (1757) and Ambassador of Louis XV, was a member of a family established in Languedoc as Seigneurs of Mirepoix, Ariège since the 11th century.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
Georges Cadoudal (Jorj Kadoudal; 1 January 1771 – 25 June 1804), sometimes called simply Georges, was a Breton politician, and leader of the Chouannerie during the French Revolution.
Georges Mouton, comte de Lobau (21 February 1770 – 27 November 1838) was a French soldier and political figure who rose to the rank of Marshal of France.
Gian Giacomo Trivulzio (1440 or 1441 – December 5, 1518) was an Italian aristocrat and condottiero who held several military commands during the Italian Wars.
Gilbert Motier de La Fayette (1380 – 22 February 1462) Seigneur of La Fayette, Pontgibaud, Ayes, Nébouzac, Saint-Romain and Montel-de-Gelat was a Marshal of France and an ancestor of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette.
Gilles de Montmorency-Laval (prob. c. September 1405 – 26 October 1440), Baron de Rais, was a knight and lord from Brittany, Anjou and Poitou, a leader in the French army, and a companion-in-arms of Joan of Arc.
Gilles de Souvré, Marquis de Courtanvaux, Baron de Lezines (c. 1540 – 1626), marshal of France, belonged to an old family of the Perche.
Godefroi, Comte d'Estrades (1607 – February 26, 1686) was a French diplomatist and marshal.
The Grand Constable of France (Grand Connétable de France, from Latin comes stabuli for 'count of the stables'), as the First Officer of the Crown, was one of the original five Great Officers of the Crown of France (along with seneschal, chamberlain, butler, and chancellor) and Commander in Chief of the army.
The Grand Dignitaries of the French Empire (French: Grands Dignitaires de l'Empire Français) were created in 1804 by the Constitution of the Year XII, which established Napoleon Bonaparte, previously First Consul for Life, as Emperor of the French.
The Great Officers of the Crown of France (French: Grands officiers de la couronne de France) were the most important officers of state in the French royal court during the Ancien Régime and Bourbon Restoration.
Guillaume Marie-Anne Brune, 1st Comte Brune (13 March 1763 – 2 August 1815) was a French soldier and political figure who rose to Marshal of France.
Guillaume Dode de la Brunerie (April 30, 1775 – February 28, 1851) was a Marshal of France.
Guy Aldonce de Durfort, duc de Lorges, marshal of France, (22 August 1630 – 22 October 1702), was a French nobleman and soldier, remembered chiefly as father-in-law of the Duc de St.
Guy-André-Pierre de Montmorency-Laval (21 September 1723, château de Bayers - 22 September 1798, Paris), 1st duke of Laval, first baron of Marche, marquis de Lezay was a French general and marshal of France.
Guy I of Clermont-Nesle (c. 1255 – July 11, 1302) was a Marshal of France, Seigneur (Lord) of Offemont jure uxoris, and possibly of Ailly, Maulette and Breteuil.
Guy II de Nesle (died August 14, 1352), Lord of Mello, was a Marshal of France (1348) who was killed in the Battle of Mauron.
Guy Michel de Durfort (26 August 1704 - 6 June 1773, Courbevoie) was a French general and nobleman.
Henri II de La Ferté-Senneterre (1599 – 27 September 1681) was a marshal of France and governor of Lorraine.
Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne (titular Duke of Bouillon, jure uxoris, comte de Montfort et Negrepelisse, vicomte de Turenne, Castillon, et Lanquais) (28 September 1555 – 25 March 1623) was a member of the powerful (then Huguenot) House of La Tour d'Auvergne, Prince of Sedan and a marshal of France.
Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, often called simply Turenne (11 September 161127 July 1675) was a French Marshal General and the most illustrious member of the La Tour d'Auvergne family.
Henri de Schomberg, Comte de Nanteuil (1575 – 17 November 1632), was a Marshal of France during the reign of Louis XIII.
Henri I de Montmorency (15 June 1534 in Chantilly, Oise – 2 April 1614), Marshal of France, and Constable of France, seigneur of Damville, served as Governor of Languedoc from 1563 to 1614.
Henri II de Montmorency (30 April 1595 – 30 October 1632) was a French nobleman and military commander.
Henri-Jacques-Guillaume Clarke, 1st Count of Hunebourg, 1st Duke of Feltre (17 October 1765 – 28 October 1818), born to Irish parents from Lisdowney, Co.
Henri Joseph Bouchard d'Esparbès de Lussan (24 January 1714 - 28 August 1788), marquis d'Aubeterre, baron de Saint-Quentin, was a French general and marshal.
Henri, Duc de Joyeuse (Toulouse, 21 September 1563 – Rivoli, 28 September 1608) was a General in the French Wars of Religion and a member of the Catholic League, who became ordained as a Capuchin after the death of his wife, Catherine de La Valette.
Henry d'Harcourt (2 April 1654 – 19 October 1718) was a French noble, first Duke of Harcourt, Marshal of France and extraordinary ambassador to Madrid.
Honorat de Savoie, marquis of Villars (c. 1511 - 20 September 1580, Le Grand-Pressigny) was a marshal of France and admiral of France.
Honoré Charles Michel Joseph Reille (1 September 1775 – 4 March 1860) was a Marshal of France, born in Antibes.
Honoré d'Albert (1581 – 30 October 1649), Marshal of France, Vidame of Amiens and Seigneur of Picquigny through his marriage to Claire Charlotte Eugénie d'Ailly, Countess of Chaulnes, was the first Duke of Chaulnes, a title created by Louis XIII in 1621.
Horace François Bastien Sébastiani de La Porta (Oraziu Francescu Bastianu Sebastiani De A Porta; 11 November 1771 – 20 July 1851) was a French soldier, diplomat, and politician, who served as Naval Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of State under the July Monarchy.
Hubert de Brienne, Comte de Conflans (1690, in Paris – 27 January 1777, in Paris) was a French naval commander.
Louis Hubert Gonzalve Lyautey (17 November 1854 – 21 July 1934) was a French Army general and colonial administrator.
Imbert de La Platière, seigneur de Bourdillon (1524 - 4 April 1567, Fontainebleau Palace) was a French army officer and Marshal of France.
Jacques Bazin de Bezons, Marquis of Bezons (November 14, 1646 – May 22, 1733) was a French Field Marshal.
Jacques d'Albon, Seigneur de Saint-André (c. 1505-1562) was a French soldier and favorite of Henry II of France.
Jacques de La Palice (or de La Palisse) (1470 – 24 February 1525) was a French nobleman and military officer.
Jacques Eléonor Rouxel de Grancey, Comte de Médavy (31 May 1655 – 6 November 1725) was a French military officer and Marshal of France who fought in the Nine Years War and the War of the Spanish Succession.
Jacques Henri de Durfort, Duke of Duras (9 October 1625 – 12 October 1704) was marshal of France.
Jacques Alexandre Bernard Law, marquis de Lauriston (1 February 1768 – 12 June 1828) was a French soldier and diplomat of Scottish descent, and a general officer in the French army during the Napoleonic Wars.
Armand-Jacques Leroy de Saint-Arnaud (20 August 1798 – 29 September 1854) was a French soldier and Marshal of France.
Jacques Louis César Alexandre Randon, 1st Count Randon (25 March 1795 – 16 January 1871) was a French military and political leader, also Marshal of France and governor of Algeria.
Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre MacDonald, 1st Duke of Taranto (17 November 1765 – 25 September 1840) was a Marshal of the Empire and military leader during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Jacques Philippe de Choiseul (6 September 1727, Lunéville - 2 June 1789, Strasbourg) was a French Marshal of France, general and nobleman.
Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force (30 December 1558 – 10 May 1652) was a marshal of France and peer of France.
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duke of Fitz-James, 1st Duke of Liria and Jérica (21 August 1670 – 12 June 1734) was an Anglo-French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough.
Jérôme-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Girolamo Buonaparte; 15 November 1784 – 24 June 1860) was the youngest brother of Napoleon I and reigned as Jerome I (formally Hieronymus Napoleon in German), King of Westphalia, between 1807 and 1813.
Prince Józef Antoni Poniatowski (7 May 1763 – 19 October 1813) was a Polish leader, general, minister of war and army chief, who became a Marshal of the French Empire.
Jean Caylar d'Anduze de Saint-Bonnet, Marquis de Toiras (1585–1636), often just called Toiras, was a Marshal of France of the 17th century.
Jean-Charles, marquis de Saint-Nectaire (11 November 1685 – 23 January 1771, Didonne, Saintonge) was a French aristocrat, diplomat and Marshal of France.
Jean de Baudricourt was a French Grand Officer Royal and a marshal of France born in 1435 CE.
Jean de Brosse (1375–1433), Lord of Boussac, Sainte-Sévère, Huriel, and Perugia, was a councillor and chamberlain to Charles VII of France; he was made a Marshal of France in 1426.
Jean de Clermont (d. 19 September 1356), Lord of Chantilly and of Beaumont, was a Marshal of France (1352) who was killed fighting in the Hundred Years' War at the Battle of Poitiers.
Jean, comte de Gassion (1609 Pau – 1647 Lens) was a Gascon military commander for France, prominent at the battle of Rocroi (1643) who reached the rank of Marshal of France at the age of thirty-four.
Jean de La Baume (dead after 25 January 1435) was a Marshal of France from 1422.
Jean Joseph Marie Gabriel de Lattre de Tassigny, GCB, MC (2 February 1889 – 11 January 1952) was a French military commander in World War II and the First Indochina War.
Jean de Lescun d'Armagnac (died 1473?), known as “the bastard of Armagnac”, was an ally of king Louis XI of France from before the latter's accession to the throne.
Jean III de Schulemberg, comte de Montejeu (ca 1597/98 - 25 March 1671), of distant Prussian origin, was born at the château de Guincourt, son of Jean, seigneur de Montejeu and his wife Anne, daughter of Jean d'Averhoult, seigneur de La Lobe.
Jean de Villiers, Lord of L'Isle-Adam (1384 – 22 May 1437), was governor of Paris, a Marshal of France and Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Jean, Comte d'Estrées, (3 November 1624 in Solothurn, Switzerland – 19 May 1707 in Paris), was a Marshal of France, and an important naval commander of Louis XIV.
Jean II de Rieux (1342 - 1417) Lord of Rieux, Rochefort and Ancenis, was a Marshal of France in the service of King Charles VI.
Jean Isidore Harispe, 1st Comte Harispe (7 December 1768 – 26 May 1855) was a distinguished French soldier of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as of the following period.
Jean Lannes, 1st Duc de Montebello, 1st Prince de Siewierz (10 April 1769 – 31 May 1809), was a Marshal of the Empire.
Jean II Le Maingre (in Old French, Jehan le Meingre), called Boucicaut (August 28, 1366 — June 21, 1421) was marshal of France and a knight renowned for his military skill.
Jean Paul Timoléon de Cossé-Brissac, 7th Duke of Brissac (12 October 1698, Paris - 1784, Sarrelouis), was a French general during the reign of King Louis XV.
Jean Poton de Xaintrailles (1390? – 7 October 1461), a minor noble of Gascon origin, was one of the chief lieutenants of Joan of Arc.
Jean Victor Marie Moreau (14 February 1763 – 2 September 1813) was a French general who helped Napoleon Bonaparte to power, but later became a rival and was banished to the United States.
Jean-Armand de Joyeuse (1631 – 1 July 1710), Marquis de Grandpré and Baron de Verpel, was a soldier and Marshal of France during the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.
Jean-Baptiste Bessières, 1st Duc d' Istria (6 August 17681 May 1813) was a Marshal of France of the Napoleonic Era.
Jean-Baptiste Budes, comte de Guébriant (1602 – 17 November 1643) was marshal of France.
Jean-Baptiste d'Ornano, Marquis de (1581-1626) was a French nobleman and Marshal of France (1626).
Marshal Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1 July 1725 – 10 May 1807) was a French nobleman and general who played a major role in helping the Thirteen Colonies win independence during the American Revolution.
Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon (29 July 176525 January 1844) was a marshal of France and a soldier in Napoleon's Army.
Jean-Baptiste François Desmarets (Paris, 1682 – 1762), marquis of Maillebois, was a Marshal of France.
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, 1st Comte Jourdan (29 April 1762 – 23 November 1833), enlisted as a private in the French royal army and rose to command armies during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Jean-Baptiste Louis Andrault, marquis de Maulévrier (November 3, 1677 – March 20, 1754) was a French militarist and diplomat.
Jean-Baptiste Philibert Vaillant, 1st Comte Vaillant (6 December 1790 – 4 June 1872), born in Dijon, was a Marshal of France.
Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (29 March 1769 – 26 November 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult.
Jean-Mathieu-Philibert Sérurier, 1st Comte Sérurier (8 December 1742 – 21 December 1819) led a division in the War of the First Coalition and became a Marshal of France under Emperor Napoleon.
Joachim-Napoléon Murat (born Joachim Murat; Gioacchino Napoleone Murat; Joachim-Napoleon Murat; 25 March 1767 – 13 October 1815) was a Marshal of France and Admiral of France under the reign of Napoleon.
Joachim Rouault (died 1478), French soldier, was a member of an old family of Poitou.
Joseph Simon Gallieni (24 April 1849 – 27 May 1916) was a French soldier, active for most of his career as a military commander and administrator in the French colonies.
Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.
Josias Rantzau (Bothkamp, near Kiel, 18 October 1609 – Paris, 14 September 1650) was a Danish military leader and Marshal of France.
Ladislas Ignace de Bercheny (Bercsényi László) (August 3, 1689 in Eperjes, Sáros County, Kingdom of Hungary (today Prešov, Slovakia) - January 9, 1778 in Luzancy, Kingdom of France (today France) was a Hungarian-born soldier who became Marshal of France.
Lancelot de Saint-Maard (died 1278) was the fourteenth marshal of France at the time of the Eighth Crusade in 1270.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, 1st Marquis of Gouvion-Saint-Cyr (13 April 1764 – 17 March 1830) was a French commander in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars who rose to Marshal of France and Marquis.
This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden, including regents and viceroys of the Kalmar Union, up to the present time.
When the Viking chieftain Rollo obtained via the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte the territories which would later make up Normandy, he distributed them as estates among his main supporters.
Louis Aloysius, Prince of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein (Ludwig Aloysius Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein) (August 18, 1765 – May 30, 1829) was a German prince and Marshal of France.
Louis Antoine de Gontaut-Biron, duc de Biron (1700–1788) was Duke of Biron and a French military leader who served with distinction under Louis XV, and was made a Marshal of France in 1757.
Louis Charles César Le Tellier, Duke d'Estrées (2 July 1695 – 2 January 1771) was a French military commander and Marshal of France.
Louis d'Aubusson de la Feuillade, duc de Roannais (30 March 1673 – 28 January 1725) was a French military officer and Marshal of France who fought in the Nine Years War and the War of the Spanish Succession.
Louis de Conflans, marquis of Armentières (23 February 1711 - 18 January 1774) was a French general.
Louis de Crévant, Duc d'Humières (1628 – 30 August 1694) was a Marshal of France and Governor of Compiègne, Bourbonnais and Lille.
Jean-Louis de Marillac, comte de Beaumont-le-Roger (1572 – 10 May 1632) was an important French noble and military leader during the reign of Louis XIII.
Louis de Noailles, 4th Duke of Noailles (21 April 1713 in Versailles – 22 August 1793 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye) was a French peer and Marshal of France.
Louis de Sancerre (1341 or 1342 – 6 February 1404) was a Marshal of France and Constable of France during the Hundred Years War.
Louis Félix Marie François Franchet d'Espèrey (25 May 1856 – 8 July 1942) was a French general during World War I. As commander of the large Allied army based at Salonika, he conducted the successful Macedonian campaign, which caused the collapse of the Southern Front and contributed to the armistice.
Louis Georges Érasme de Contades (1704–1795) was the 6th Marquis de Contades and Seigneur de Montgeoffroi.
Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (Louis Joseph; 1 July 165411 June 1712) was a Marshal of France and one of the most successful French military commanders during the War of the Grand Alliance and War of the Spanish Succession.
Louis Nicolas Victor de Félix d'Ollières (23 September 1711, Aix-en-Provence – 10 October 1775, Versailles), comte du Muy, comte de Grignan, was a French soldier and statesman from a family originating in Provence.
Louis Victor de Rochechouart de Mortemart, Duke of Mortemart (25 August 1636 – 15 December 1688) was a French nobleman and member of the ancient House of Rochechouart.
Louis-Henri de Brancas-Forcalquier, (Pernes-les-Fontaines, 19 January 1672 – 9 August 1750) was a Marshal of France.
Louis-Alexandre Berthier (20 November 1753 – 1 June 1815), 1st Prince of Wagram, Sovereign Prince of Neuchâtel, was a French Marshal and Vice-Constable of the Empire, and Chief of Staff under Napoleon.
Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont (2 September 1773 – 27 October 1846) emigrated from France soon after the outbreak of the French Revolution.
Louis François de Boufflers, Duke of Boufflers (10 January 1644 – 22 August 1711) was a French soldier.
Louis-Gabriel Suchet (2 March 1770 – 3 January 1826), Duke of Albufera (Duc d'Albuféra), was a French Marshal of the Empire and one of the most successful commanders of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Louis-Nicolas d'Avout (10 May 17701 June 1823), better known as Davout, 1st Duke of Auerstaedt, 1st Prince of Eckmühl, was a French general who was Marshal of the Empire during the Napoleonic era.
Marie-Pierre Kœnig (10 October 1898 – 2 September 1970) was a French army officer and politician.
Marshal General of France, originally "Marshal General of the King's camps and armies" (maréchal général des camps et armées du roi), was a title given to signify that the recipient had authority over all of the French armies, in the days when a Marshal usually governed only one army.
Marshal of the Empire (Maréchal d'Empire) was a civil dignity during the First French Empire.
Mathieu III de Trie (died 26 November 1344) was a 14th-century French military and political leader.
Maurice, Count of Saxony (Hermann Moritz Graf von Sachsen, Maurice de Saxe; 28 October 1696 – 20 November 1750) was a German soldier and officer of the Army of the Holy Roman Empire, the Imperial Army, and at last in French service who became a Marshal and later also Marshal General of France.
Maximilien de Béthune, 1st Duke of Sully, Marquis of Rosny and Nogent, Count of Muret and Villebon, Viscount of Meaux (13 December 156022 December 1641) was a nobleman, soldier, statesman, and faithful right-hand man who assisted king Henry IV of France in the rule of France.
Marshal of the Empire Michel Ney, 1st Duke of Elchingen, 1st Prince of the Moskva (10 January 1769 – 7 December 1815), popularly known as Marshal Ney, was a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
Michel-Joseph Maunoury (17 December 1847 – 28 March 1923) was a commander of French forces in the early days of World War I. Initially commanding in Lorraine, as the success of the German thrust through Belgium became clear he was sent to take command of the new Sixth Army which was assembling near Amiens and then fell back on Paris.
Miles de Noyers (1271 – 21 September 1350) was a French diplomat.
Military ranks are a system of hierarchical relationships in armed forces, police, intelligence agencies or other institutions organized along military lines.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The National Convention (Convention nationale) was the first government of the French Revolution, following the two-year National Constituent Assembly and the one-year Legislative Assembly.
Nicolas Catinat (1 September 1637 – 22 February 1712) was a French military commander and Marshal of France under Louis XIV.
Nicolas Chalon du Blé, marquis d'Uxelles and Cormatin (24 January 1652 – 10 April 1730) was a French general and Foreign Minister.
Nicolas de L'Hôpital (or Hospital), marquis and later duc de Vitry, seigneur de Nandy et de Coubert, often referred to as Maréchal (or Marshal) de Vitry (1581-1644 in Nandy) was a French noble, military leader, friend of Louis XIII and Marshal of France (1617).
Nicolas V de Neufville de Villeroy (14 October 1598 – 28 November 1685) was a French nobleman and marshal of France.
Nicolas Joseph Maison, 1er Marquis Maison (19 December 1771 – 13 February 1840) was a Marshal of France and Minister of War.
Nicolas, Count Luckner (Johann Nikolaus, Graf Luckner; 12 January 1722, Cham in der Oberpfalz – 4 January 1794, Paris) was a German officer in French service who rose to become a Marshal of France.
Nicolas Charles Oudinot, 1st Comte Oudinot, 1st Duc de Reggio (25 April 1767 in Bar-le-Duc – 13 September 1847 in Paris), was a Marshal of France.
Nicolay (de Nicolaÿ/Nicolaï, von Nicolay/Nicolai) - refer to Nobility particle) is a European noble family of the Ancien Régime with its roots in the south of France at the early part of the 14th Century. There is however, evidence to suggest that its origins stretch further back to the growth of the city state of Florence at the beginning of the Florentine Renaissance. The Nicolay family was originally associated with the French noble classes of the Nobles of the Robe and the Nobles of the Sword. It is well documented that members of the House of Nicolay became highly influential in the spheres of national government, law, the church, academia, military and diplomatic service, as well as the arts. They held the titles of marquis, count and baron.
Noël Bouton, Marquis de Chamilly (6 April 1636 – 8 January 1715) was a French military commander of the 17th and 18th centuries.
Noël Jourda de Vaux (12 March 1705 in Château des Vaux au Puy-en-Velay – 14 September 1788 in Grenoble), comte de Vaux, seigneur d'Artiac was a French nobleman and General.
Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec (1485 – 15 August 1528) was a French military leader.
Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta, 6th Marquess of MacMahon, 1st Duke of Magenta (born Marie Edme Patrice Maurice; 13 June 1808 – 17 October 1893), was a French general and politician, with the distinction of Marshal of France.
Paul de La Barthe de Thermes (1482–1562), also Paul de Terme or Maréchal de Thermes, was a French Army Marshal ("Maréchal") who led the French effort in the Invasion of Corsica in 1553.
Philip II, known as Philip Augustus (Philippe Auguste; 21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223, a member of the House of Capet.
Philippe Antoine d'Ornano, 1st Comte d'Ornano (January 17, 1784 - October 13, 1863) was a French soldier and political figure who rose to the rank of Marshal of France.
Philippe-Charles de La Fare, or Marquis de La Fare, 4th Marquis of Monclar, Conte of Laugères)15 February 1687 – 14 September 1752 in Paris), was a Marshal of France.
Philippe de Crèvecœur, seigneur d'Esquerdes (1418–1494), was a French military commander and a Marshal of France in 1486.
Philippe de Culant (1413 – December 1454) was a French nobleman and soldier of the Hundred Years' War.
Philippe, comte de la Mothe-Houdancourt (1605 – March 24, 1657), Duke of Cardona, was French and a Marshal of France who fought in the Thirty Years' War.
Philippe de Noailles, comte de Noailles and later prince de Poix, duc de Mouchy, and duc de Poix à brevêt (27 December 1715 in Paris – 27 June 1794 in Paris), was a younger brother of Louis de Noailles, and a more distinguished soldier than his brother.
Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur (20 January 1724 – 3 October 1801) was a marshal of France.
Philippe François Marie Leclerc de Hauteclocque (22 November 1902 – 28 November 1947) was a French general during the Second World War.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Piero (or Pietro) Strozzi (c. 1510 – 21 June 1558) was an Italian military leader.
Charles Pierre François Augereau, 1st Duc de Castiglione (21 October 1757 – 12 June 1816) was a soldier and general and Marshal of France.
Pierre de Montesquiou, comte d'Artagnan and later comte de Montesquiou (1640 – 12 August 1725) was a French soldier and Marshal of France.
Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville (10 May 1752 – 23 April 1821) was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and later a marshal of France and Deputy Grand Master of Grand Orient de France.
Pierre François Joseph Bosquet (8 November 18105 February 1861) was a French Army general.
The Principality of Pontecorvo was a principality in Italy created by Napoleon after he became King of Italy in 1805.
Raoul II († 1282), called Sores or d'Estrée, was the marshal of France briefly in 1270 following the death of Héric de Beaujeu and before being replaced or joined by Lancelot de Saint-Maard.
Marshal Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans, 1st Comte Exelmans (13 November 1775 – 22 June 1852) was a distinguished French soldier of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as a political figure of the following period.
René de Froulay, Comte de Tessé (14 May 1648 – 30 March 1725) was a French soldier and diplomat during the reign of Louis XIV and the 1715-1723 Regency.
Robert III de La Marck (1491, Sedan, Ardennes – 1537), Seigneur of Fleuranges, Marshal of France and historian, was the son of Robert II de la Marck; Duke of Bouillon, ''Seigneur'' of Sedan and Fleuranges, whose uncle was the celebrated William de La Marck, The Wild Boar of the Ardennes.
Robert IV de La Marck (1491, Sedan, Ardennes, 15 January 1512 – Guise, 1556), was Duke of Bouillon, Seigneur of Sedan and a Marshal of France.
Robert Stewart (or Stuart) (c. 1470–1544), Lord of Aubigny, Count of Beaumont-le-Roger, was a French soldier belonging to the family of Stewart of Darnley.
Roger de Saint-Lary de Bellegarde (died 1579) was a member of an important French family.
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (1 May 163330 March 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a French military engineer who rose in the service to the king and was commissioned as a Marshal of France.
The French Second Empire (Second Empire) was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.
Simon de Melun (1250 – 11 July 1302 in Kortrijk) was a Marshal of France killed in the Battle of the Golden Spurs.
Sylvain-Charles, comte Valée (17 December 1773 – 16 August 1846), born in Brienne-le-Château, was a Marshal of France.
Teodoro Trivulzio (1458–1531) was an Italian condottiero and marshal of France.
Thomas de Foix-Lescun (died 3 March 1525), commonly known as Lescun, was a French commander during the Italian War of 1521, and the brother of Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec, André de Foix, Lord of Lesparre and Françoise de Foix.
Thomas Robert Bugeaud, marquis de la Piconnerie, duc d'Isly (15 October 178410 June 1849) was a Marshal of France and Governor-General of Algeria.
Timoléon d'Espinay (1580–1644), French soldier, was the eldest of the four sons of François d'Espinay, seigneur de Saint Luc (1554–1597), and was himself marquis de Saint Luc.
Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar, Comte de Lowendal (Ulrich Friedrich Woldemar Graf von Löwendal, literally transliterated into Russian as Ульрих Фридрих Вольдемар граф фон Левендаль, 1700–1755) was a Danish, German-born soldier and statesmen, from 1744 to 1755 serving in the French army.
Urbain de Maillé-Brézé (1597 – February 13, 1650), was a Marshal of France during the Thirty Years' War and Franco-Spanish War (1635).
Veere (Zeelandic: Ter Veere) is a municipality with a population of 22,000 and a town with a population of 1,500 in the southwestern Netherlands, in the region of Walcheren in the province of Zeeland.
Victor François de Broglie, 2nd duc de Broglie (19 October 171830 March 1804) was a French aristocrat and soldier and a marshal of France.
Victor-Marie d'Estrées, Duke of Estrées count then duke (1723) of Estrées (30 November 1660, Paris – 27 December 1737, Paris) was a Marshal of France and subsequently known as the "Maréchal d'Estrées".
Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie (12 March 16474 August 1727) was a French soldier and general.
Wolfert VI of Borselen (c. 1433 – 29 April 1486, Saint-Omer) was stadholder of Holland, Friesland and Zeeland, Admiral of the Netherlands outside Flanders and Lord of Veere.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yves d'Alègre (1653 – 3 March 1733).
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
The 16th century begins with the Julian year 1501 and ends with either the Julian or the Gregorian year 1600 (depending on the reckoning used; the Gregorian calendar introduced a lapse of 10 days in October 1582).
The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, 1801, and ended on December 31, 1900.