132 relations: Agave, Ant, Atole, Avocado, Axolotl, Aztecs, Beetle, Bixa orellana, Breast, Byrsonima crassifolia, Cactus, Cajeta, Calabash, Chapulines, Chapultepec, Chayote, Chenopodium nuttalliae, Chicle, Child, Chili pepper, Chimaltenango, Chinampa, Chipotle, Chocolate, Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl, Cocoa bean, Comal (cookware), Copal, Cordia boissieri, Corn smut, Coyote, Crataegus mexicana, Crayfish, Cucurbita ficifolia, Culiacán, Cup, Cuscatlán Department, Dysphania ambrosioides, Ehretia anacua, El Salvador, Escamol, Escuintla, Grasshopper, Green bean, Guacamole, Guatemala, Hominy, Huarache (shoe), Huehuetenango, Indigenous languages of the Americas, ..., Influences on the Spanish language, Iztacalco, Iztaccihuatl, Iztapalapa, Jalapeño, Jalisco, Jocoque, Kite, La Malinche, List of English words from indigenous languages of the Americas, List of English words of Spanish origin, Lowland paca, Maize, Manilkara zapota, Mazatlán, Mesquite, Metate, Mexican Hairless Dog, Mexico, Mezcal, Milpa, Mimosa tenuiflora, Mockingbird, Mole sauce, Mortar and pestle, Mosquito, Nahuatl, Nevado de Toluca, Nicaragua, Nopal, Oaxaca, Oaxtepec, Ocelot, Opossum, Opuntia, Owl, Pachyrhizus erosus, Peanut, Peyote, Pico de Orizaba, Pinacate, Pinole, Pinus montezumae, Poaceae, Popocatépetl, Pozole, Pulque, Quetzal, Quetzaltenango, Raccoon, Red snapper, Sacatepéquez, Sahuayo, Schoenoplectus acutus, Shack, Spanish language, Squirrel, Straw, Sweet potato, Tabasco, Tacuba, Tamale, Taxodium mucronatum, Tenochtitlan, Tepeyac, Tequila, Texcoco, Tianguis, Tlacoyo, Tlaxcala, Tlayuda, Tomatillo, Tomato, Tumpline, Turkey (bird), Twin, Tzompantli, Vachellia farnesiana var. farnesiana, Vulture, Xalapa, Xochimilco, Zacatecas. Expand index (82 more) » « Shrink index
Agave is a genus of monocots native to the hot and arid regions of Mexico and the Southwestern United States.
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.
Atole or Spanish, from Nahuatl ātōlli), also known as atol and atol de elote, is a traditional hot corn- and masa-based beverage of Mesoamerican origin. Chocolate atole is known as champurrado or atole. It is typically accompanied with tamales, and very popular during the Christmas holiday season (Las Posadas).
The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.
The axolotl (from āxōlōtl) also known as a Mexican salamander (Ambystoma mexicanum) or a Mexican walking fish, is a neotenic salamander, closely related to the tiger salamander.
The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.
Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera, in the superorder Endopterygota.
Achiote (Bixa orellana) is a shrub or small tree originating from the tropical region of the Americas.
The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.
Byrsonima crassifolia is a species of flowering plant in the acerola family, Malpighiaceae, that is native to tropical America.
A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae,Although the spellings of botanical families have been largely standardized, there is little agreement among botanists as to how these names are to be pronounced.
Cajeta is a confection of thickened syrup usually made of sweetened caramelised goat's milk.
A calabash, bottle gourd, or white-flowered gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, also known by many other names, including long melon, New Guinea bean and Tasmania bean, is a vine grown for its fruit, which can be either harvested young to be consumed as a vegetable, or harvested mature to be dried and used as a utensil.
Chapulines, plural for chapulín, are grasshoppers of the genus Sphenarium, that are commonly eaten in certain areas of Mexico.
Chapultepec, more commonly called the "Bosque de Chapultepec" (Chapultepec Forest) in Mexico City, is one of the largest city parks in the Western Hemisphere, measuring in total just over 686 hectares (1,695 acres).
Chayote (Sechium edule) is an edible plant belonging to the gourd family Cucurbitaceae, along with melons, cucumbers and squash.
Huauzontle (literally "hairy amaranth", from the Nahuatl huauhtli 'amaranth' and tzontli 'hair') is the common name for Chenopodium nuttalliae, a species of edible plant native to Mexico.
Chicle is a natural gum traditionally used in making chewing gum and other products.
Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty.
The chili pepper (also chile pepper, chilli pepper, or simply chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids. Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced. China is the world's largest producer of green chillies, providing half of the global total.
Chimaltenango is a town in Guatemala of some 43,900 people (as of 2002).
Chinampa (chināmitl) is a type of Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.
A chipotle, or chilpotle, which comes from the Nahuatl word chilpoctli (meaning "smoked chili"), is a smoke-dried jalapeño.
Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground.
Nezahualcóyotl, or more commonly Neza, is a city and municipality of State of Mexico adjacent to the northeast corner of Mexico City: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area.
The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed's fat, cocoa butter can be extracted.
A comal is a smooth, flat griddle typically used in Mexico, Central and parts of South America to cook tortilla, arepas, toast spices and nuts, sear meat, and generally prepare food.
Copal is a name given to tree resin, particularly the aromatic resins from the copal tree Protium copal (Burseraceae) used by the cultures of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica as ceremonially burned incense and for other purposes.
Cordia boissieri is a species of flowering shrub or small tree in the borage family, Boraginaceae.
Corn smut is a plant disease caused by the pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis that causes smut on maize and teosinte.
The coyote (Canis latrans); from Nahuatl) is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, and slightly smaller than the closely related eastern wolf and red wolf. It fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, and is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. The coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, and into Central America. The species is versatile, able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans. It is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U.S., and was sighted in eastern Panama (across the Panama Canal from their home range) for the first time in 2013., 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs and the average female. Their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography. It is highly flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. It has a varied diet consisting primarily of animal meat, including deer, rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrates, though it may also eat fruits and vegetables on occasion. Its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by cougars and gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern United States and eastern Canada, the eastern coyote (a larger subspecies, though still smaller than wolves) is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA. The coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore, mainly in the Southwestern United States and Mexico, usually depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions. The animal was especially respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was reviled in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves (gray, eastern, or red), which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain largely negative.
Crataegus mexicana is a species of hawthorn known by the common names tejocote, manzanita, tejocotera and Mexican hawthorn.
Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.
Cucurbita ficifolia is a species of squash, grown for its edible seeds, fruit, and greens.
Culiacán is a city in northwestern Mexico.
A cup is a small container used for drinking and carrying drinks.
Cuscatlán is a department of El Salvador, located in the center of the country.
Dysphania ambrosioides, formerly Chenopodium ambrosioides, known as wormseed, Jesuit's tea, Mexican-tea, payqu (paico), epazote, mastruz, or herba sanctæ Mariæ, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb native to Central America, South America, and southern Mexico.
Ehretia anacua is medium-sized tree found in eastern Mexico and southern Texas in the United States.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Escamoles (azcamolli, from azcatl (ant) and molli (puree)) are the edible larvae and pupae of ants of the species Liometopum apiculatum and L. occidentale var.
Escuintla is a city in south central Guatemala.
Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.
Green beans are the unripe, young fruit and protective pods of various cultivars of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).
Guacamole (or; sometimes informally referred to as "guac" in North America) is an avocado-based dip, spread, or salad first developed by the Aztecs in what is now Mexico.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Hominy is a food produced from dried maize (corn in the U.S.) kernels that have been treated with an alkali, in a process called nixtamalization.
Huaraches (derived from Warachi, in Purépecha, indigenous language, singular huarache) are a type of Mexican sandal, Pre-Columbian in origin.
Huehuetenango is a city and a municipality in the highlands of western Guatemala.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
The Spanish language has a long history of borrowing words, expressions and subtler features of other languages it has come in contact with.
Iztacalco is one of the 16 delegaciones (boroughs) into which Mexico's Federal District is divided.
Iztaccíhuatl (alternative spellings include Ixtaccíhuatl, or either variant spelled without the accent) (or, as spelled with the x), is a dormant volcanic mountain in Mexico located on the border between the State of Mexico and Puebla.
Iztapalapa is one of the Federal District of Mexico City’s 16 boroughs, located on the east side of the entity.
The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper pod type cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum.
Jalisco, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Jalisco (Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Jocoque or jocoqui is a dairy product based on fermented milk, typical of Mexican cuisine.
A kite is a tethered heavier-than-air craft with wing surfaces that react against the air to create lift and drag.
La Malinche (c. 1496 or c. 1501 – c. 1529), known also as Malinalli, Malintzin or Doña Marina, was a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a key role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, acting as an interpreter, advisor, and intermediary for the Spanish conquistador, Hernán Cortés.
This is a list of English language words borrowed from indigenous languages of the Americas, either directly or through intermediate European languages such as Spanish or French.
It is a list of English language words whose origin can be traced to the Spanish language as "Spanish loan words".
The lowland paca (Cuniculus paca), also known as the spotted paca, is a large rodent found in tropical and sub-tropical America, from East-Central Mexico to Northern Argentina.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Manilkara zapota, commonly known as the sapodilla, is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean.
Mazatlán is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa.
Mesquite is a common name for several plants in the genus Prosopis, which contains over 40 species of small leguminous trees.
A metate or metlatl (or mealing stone) is a type or variety of quern, a ground stone tool used for processing grain and seeds.
The Xoloitzcuintli, or Xolo for short, is a hairless breed of dog, found in toy, miniature, and standard sizes.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mezcal (or mescal) is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from any type of agave.
A typical modern Central American Milpa. The corn stalks have been bent and left to dry with cobs still on, for other crops, such as beans, to be planted. (Note: the banana plants in the background are not native, but are now a common part of modern Central American agriculture) Milpa is a crop-growing system used throughout Mesoamerica.
Mimosa tenuiflora, syn.
Mockingbirds are a group of New World passerine birds from the Mimidae family.
Mole (from Nahuatl mōlli, "sauce") is a traditional sauce originally used in Mexican cuisine, as well as for dishes based on these sauces.
A mortar and pestle is a kitchen implement used since ancient times to prepare ingredients or substances by crushing and grinding them into a fine paste or powder.
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae.
Nahuatl (The Classical Nahuatl word nāhuatl (noun stem nāhua, + absolutive -tl) is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl (the standard spelling in the Spanish language),() Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua.), known historically as Aztec, is a language or group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan language family.
Nevado de Toluca (Spanish) is a large stratovolcano in central Mexico, located about west of Mexico City near the city of Toluca.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Nopal (from the Nahuatl word nohpalli for the pads of the plant) is a common name in Mexican Spanish for Opuntia cacti (commonly referred to in English as prickly pear), as well as for its pads.
Oaxaca (from Huāxyacac), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca (Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.
Oaxtepec is a town within the municipality of Yautepec in the northern part of the Mexican state of Morelos.
The ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a wild cat native to the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central and South America.
The opossum is a marsupial of the order Didelphimorphia endemic to the Americas.
Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.
Owls are birds from the order Strigiformes, which includes about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey typified by an upright stance, a large, broad head, binocular vision, binaural hearing, sharp talons, and feathers adapted for silent flight.
Pachyrhizus erosus, commonly known as jicama (or; Spanish jícama; from Nahuatl xīcamatl), Mexican yam bean, or Mexican turnip, is the name of a native Mexican vine, although the name most commonly refers to the plant's edible tuberous root.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
Lophophora williamsii or peyote is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline.
Pico de Orizaba, also known as Citlaltépetl (from Nahuatl citlal(in).
Pinacate may refer to.
Pinole, also called pinol or pinolillo, is an ancient power food originating with the Aztecs, who spread it throughout Mesoamerica.
Pinus montezumae, known as the Montezuma pine, is a species of conifer in the family Pinaceae.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Popocatépetl (Nahuatl: Popōcatepētl) is an active stratovolcano, located in the states of Puebla, Mexico, and Morelos, in Central Mexico, and lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt.
Pozole (pozolli, pozole), which means "hominy", is a traditional soup or stew from Mexico.
Pulque (occasionally referred to as agave wine) is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented sap of the maguey (agave) plant.
Quetzal are strikingly colored birds in the trogon family.
Quetzaltenango, also known by its Maya name, Xelajú or Xela, is the second largest city of Guatemala.
The raccoon (or, Procyon lotor), sometimes spelled racoon, also known as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, or northern raccoon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America.
Red snapper is a common name of several fish species.
Sacatepéquez was a city in Guatemala from November 21, 1542 until July 29, 1773 when it was destroyed by the Santa Marta earthquake.
Sahuayo (Nahuatl: Tzacuātlayotl) is a city in the state of Michoacán, in western México, near the southern shore of Lake Chapala.
Schoenoplectus acutus (syn. Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. acutus), called tule, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America.
A shack is a type of small, often primitive shelter or dwelling.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae, a family that includes small or medium-size rodents.
Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed.
The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.
Tabasco, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Tabasco (Estado Libre y Soberano de Tabasco), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Tacuba is a municipality in the Ahuachapán department of El Salvador.
A tamale (tamal, tamalli) is a traditional Mesoamerican dish made of masa or dough (starchy, and usually corn-based), which is steamed in a corn husk or banana leaf.
Taxodium mucronatum, also known as Montezuma bald cypress, Montezuma cypress, sabino, or ahuehuete is a species of Taxodium that is native to Mexico, and Guatemala.
Tenochtitlan (Tenochtitlan), originally known as México-Tenochtitlán (meːˈʃíʔ.ko te.noːt͡ʃ.ˈtí.t͡ɬan), was a large Mexica city-state in what is now the center of Mexico City.
Tepeyac or the Hill of Tepeyac, historically known by the names "Tepeyacac" and "Tepeaquilla", is located inside Gustavo A. Madero, the northernmost delegación or borough of the Mexican Federal District.
Tequila is a regional distilled beverage and type of alcoholic drink made from the blue agave plant, primarily in the area surrounding the city of Tequila, northwest of Guadalajara, and in the highlands (Los Altos) of the central western Mexican state of Jalisco.
Texcoco or Tezcoco may refer to.
A tianguis is an open-air market or bazaar that is traditionally held on certain market days in a town or city neighborhood in Mexico and Central America.
A tlacoyo is an oval-shaped pre-Hispanic Mexican dish made of masa.
Tlaxcala (Spanish;; from Tlaxcallān), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Tlaxcala (Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala), is one of the 31 states which along with the Federal District make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.
Tlayuda, sometimes incorrectly spelled clayuda, is a handmade dish in traditional Oaxacan cuisine, consisting of a large, thin, crunchy, partially fried or toasted tortilla covered with a spread of refried beans, asiento (unrefined pork lard), lettuce or cabbage, avocado, meat (usually shredded chicken, beef tenderloin or pork), Oaxaca cheese, and salsa.
The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name.
The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.
A tumpline (/tump-lyne/) is a strap attached at both ends to a sack, backpack, or other luggage and used to carry the object by placing the strap over the top of the head.
The turkey is a large bird in the genus Meleagris, which is native to the Americas.
Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy.
A tzompantli or skull rack is a type of wooden rack or palisade documented in several Mesoamerican civilizations, which was used for the public display of human skulls, typically those of war captives or other sacrificial victims.
Vachellia farnesiana var.
A vulture is a scavenging bird of prey.
Xalapa (often spelled Jalapa,;; officially Xalapa-Enríquez) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Veracruz and the name of the surrounding municipality.
Xochimilco (Xōchimīlco) is one of the 16 ''mayoralities'' (Spanish: alcaldías) or boroughs within Mexico City.
Zacatecas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Zacatecas (Estado Libre y Soberano de Zacatecas), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.