276 relations: Adolf Albin, Adolf Anderssen, Akiba Rubinstein, Alapin's Opening, Albéric O'Kelly de Galway, Albert Becker (chess player), Albin Countergambit, Alekhine's Defence, Alessandro Salvio, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Cunningham (jurist), Alexander Ilyin-Genevsky, Alexander Kevitz, Alexander Konstantinopolsky, Alexander McDonnell, Alexander Morozevich, Alexander Petrov (chess player), Alexander Shabalov, Alexander Wagner, Alexander Zaitsev (chess player), Alexei Shirov, Alexey Sokolsky, Alvis Vītoliņš, Anatoly Karpov, Anatoly Lutikov, Anderssen's Opening, Andrew Soltis, Anthony Santasiere, Armand Blackmar, Aron Nimzowitsch, Ashot Nadanian, Éric Prié, Balogh Defense, Barnes Opening, Béla Perényi, Benjamin Blumenfeld, Benko Gambit, Benoni Defense, Bent Larsen, Bernhard Fleissig, Bird's Opening, Bishop's Opening, Blackmar–Diemer Gambit, Blumenfeld Gambit, Bobby Fischer, Bogo-Indian Defence, Bogo-Indian Defence, Monticelli Trap, Boris Avrukh, Budapest Gambit, Bukhuti Gurgenidze, ..., Carl Göring, Carl Jaenisch, Carl Schlechter, Carlo Cozio, Carlos Torre Repetto, Caro–Kann Defence, Chess opening, ChessCafe.com, Chessgames.com, Clemenz Opening, Colle System, Count Dracula, Damiano Defence, Daniël Noteboom, Danvers Opening, Dawid Janowski, Desprez Opening, Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani, Dragoljub Velimirović, Dunst Opening, Durkin Opening, Dutch Defence, Edgard Colle, Efim Bogoljubov, Efstratios Grivas, Emil Josef Diemer, Emil Schallopp, English Opening, Englund Gambit, Erik Lundin, Ernst Falkbeer, Ernst Grünfeld, Eugène Rousseau (chess player), Eugene Ernest Colman, Evans Gambit, Evgeny Sveshnikov, Four Knights Game, François-André Danican Philidor, Frank Marshall (chess player), Frankenstein's monster, Franz Brentano, French Defence, Friedrich Sämisch, Gavriil Veresov, Géza Maróczy, Gedeon Barcza, George Koltanowski, Georgy Lisitsin, Giambattista Lolli, Grünfeld Defence, Grünfeld Defence, Nadanian Variation, Grigory Levenfish, Grob's Attack, Grzegorz Gajewski, Gunderam Defense, Gyula Breyer, H. J. R. Murray, Henri Grob, Henry Bird (chess player), Hodgson Attack, Horatio Caro, Howard Staunton, Igor Glek, Igor Khenkin, Igor Zaitsev, Ilya Kan, Isaac Boleslavsky, Isaac Rice, István Abonyi, Italian Game, Italian Game, Blackburne Shilling Gambit, Italian Game, Rousseau Gambit, Jacob Sarratt, Jacques Mieses, James Hanham, János Balogh (chess player), Jørgen Møller, Jerzy Konikowski, Johann Baptist Allgaier, John Cochrane (chess player), John Owen (chess player), José Raúl Capablanca, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Julian Hodgson, Karel Hromádka, Karel Opočenský, Karel Traxler, Karl Robatsch, Keith Arkell, Ken Smith (chess), Keres Defence, King's Fianchetto Opening, King's Gambit, King's Gambit, Falkbeer Countergambit, King's Gambit, Fischer Defense, King's Gambit, McDonnell Gambit, King's Gambit, Rice Gambit, King's Indian Attack, King's Indian Defence, Konstantinopolsky Opening, Kurt Richter, Larsen's Opening, Lev Alburt, Lev Polugaevsky, Lionel Kieseritzky, Lisitsin Gambit, List of chess openings, List of chess openings named after places, Lopez Opening, Louis Eisenberg, Louis Paulsen, Luis Ramírez de Lucena, Maróczy Bind, Mario Monticelli, Mark Taimanov, Marshall Defense, Martin Severin From, Max Lange, Michael Basman, Mieses Opening, Miguel Najdorf, Miguel Quinteros, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Chigorin, Modern Benoni, Modern Defense, Napoleon, Napoleon Opening, Neil McDonald (chess player), Nicholas MacLeod, Nicolai Jasnogrodsky, Nicolas Rossolimo, Nigel Short, Nikolai Riumin, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Nimzowitsch Defence, Octávio Trompowsky, Old Indian Defense, Oldřich Duras, Owen's Defence, Oxford University Press, Pal Benko, Paul Keres, Paul Morphy, Paul Saladin Leonhardt, Pedro Damiano, Peter Leko, Petrov's Defence, Philidor Defence, Philipp Stamma, Pirc Defence, Ponziani Opening, Preston Ware, Quality Chess, Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Accepted, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Indian Defense, Queen's Pawn Game, Ratmir Kholmov, Raymond Keene, Réti Opening, Richard Réti, Richter–Veresov Attack, Robert Hübner, Robert Wade (chess player), Rudolf Spielmann, Ruy López de Segura, Ruy Lopez, Salo Flohr, Sammi Fajarowicz, Samuel Boden, Scotch Game, Semi-Slav Defense, Semi-Tarrasch Defense, Semyon Alapin, Semyon Furman, Sergey Urusov (chess player), Sicilian Defence, Sicilian Defence, Alapin Variation, Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Sicilian Defence, Najdorf Variation, Sicilian Defence, Smith–Morra Gambit, Siegbert Tarrasch, Slav Defense, Sokolsky Opening, Staunton Gambit, Stepan Levitsky, Stojan Puc, Svetozar Gligorić, Swiss Gambit, Szymon Winawer, Tarrasch Defense, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Thomas Wilson Barnes, Tigran Petrosian, Tony Miles, Torre Attack, Trompowsky Attack, Two Knights Defense, Two Knights Defense, Max Lange Attack, Vadim Zvjaginsev, Van't Kruijs Opening, Vasily Panov, Vasily Smyslov, Vasja Pirc, Veniamin Sozin, Viacheslav Ragozin, Victor Soultanbeieff, Vienna Game, Vienna Game, Frankenstein–Dracula Variation, Viktor Knorre, Vitaly Chekhover, Vladas Mikėnas, Vladimir Epishin, Vladimir Makogonov, Vsevolod Rauzer, Wade Defence, Ware Opening, Weaver W. Adams, Wilhelm Steinitz, William Davies Evans, William H. K. Pollock, Yuri Averbakh, Zukertort Opening. Expand index (226 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Albin (14 September 1848 – 1 February 1920) was a Romanian chess player.
Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 – March 13, 1879)"Anderssen, Adolf" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alapin's Opening is an unusual chess opening that starts with the moves: It is named after the Russo-Lithuanian player and openings analyst Semyon Alapin (1856–1923).
Albéric Joseph Rodolphe Marie Robert Ghislain O'Kelly de Galway (17 May 1911, Anderlecht – 3 October 1980, Brussels) was a Belgian chess Grandmaster (1956), an International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster (1962), and the third ICCF World Champion in correspondence chess (1959–1962).
Albert Becker (5 September 1896 in Vienna – 7 May 1984 in Vicente López), also known as Alberto Becker, was an Austrian–Argentine chess master.
The Albin Countergambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: and the usual continuation is: The opening is an uncommon defense to the Queen's Gambit.
Alekhine's Defence is a chess opening which begins with the moves: Black tempts White's pawns forward to form a broad pawn centre, with plans to undermine and attack the white structure later in the spirit of hypermodern defence.
Alessandro Salvio (c. 1570 – c. 1640) was an Italian chess player who is considered to be the unofficial world champion around the year 1600.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Cunningham of Block (1655–1730) was a Scottish jurist, classical critic and opponent of Richard Bentley.
Alexander Fyodorovich Ilyin (Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ильи́н-Жене́вский; November 28, 1894 – September 3, 1941), known with the party name Zhenevsky, "the Genevan" because he joined the Bolshevik group of Russian émigrés while exiled in that city, was a Soviet chess master and organizer, one of founders of the Soviet chess school, an Old-Guard Bolshevik cadre, a writer, a military organizer, a historian and a diplomat.
Alexander Kevitz (September 1, 1902 – October 24, 1981) was an American chess master.
Alexander Markovich Konstantinopolsky (Александр Маркович Константинопольский; 19 February 1910, Zhytomir, Russian Empire, now Ukraine – 21 September 1990, Moscow, USSR) was a Soviet International Master (IM) of chess, chess coach and trainer, and a chess author.
Alexander McDonnell (1798–1835) was an Irish chess master, who contested a series of six matches with the world's leading player Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais in the summer of 1834.
Alexander Sergeyevich Morozevich (Александр Серге́евич Морозе́вич; born July 18, 1977) is a Russian chess Grandmaster.
Alexander Dmitrievich Petrov (Алекса́ндр Дми́триевич Петро́в) (February 12, 1794, in Biserovo, near Pskov – April 22, 1867, in Warsaw) was a Russian chess player, chess composer, and chess writer.
Alexander Shabalov (Александр Анатольевич Шабалов, Aleksandr Anatolyevich Shabalov; Aleksandrs Šabalovs; born September 12, 1967) is an American chess grandmaster and a four-time winner of the United States Chess Championship (1993, 2000, 2003, 2007).
Alexander (Aleksander) Wagner (7 August 1868 – 1942) was a Polish chess correspondence master and theoretician.
Alexander Nikolayevich Zaitsev (June 15, 1935 – October 31, 1971) was a leading Soviet chess grandmaster.
Alexei Shirov (Aleksejs Širovs;; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess grandmaster.
Alexey Pavlovich Sokolsky (3 November 1908 – 27 December 1969) was a Ukrainian-Belarusian chess player of International Master strength in chess, a noted correspondence chess player, and an opening theoretician.
Alvis Vītoliņš (Vitolinš, Vitolins, Vitolinsh) (15 June 1946, in Sigulda – 16 February 1997) was a Latvian chess master.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Anatoly Lutikov (5 February 1933 in Leningrad – 15 October 1989 in Tiraspol) was a Russian chess player.
Anderssen's Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Anderssen's Opening is named after unofficial World Chess Champion Adolf Anderssen, who played it three times in his 1858 match against Paul Morphy.
Andrew Eden Soltis (born May 28, 1947 in Hazleton, Pennsylvania) is an American chess grandmaster, author and columnist.
Anthony Edward Santasiere (9 December 1904 – 13 January 1977) was an American chess master and chess writer, who also wrote extensively on non-chess topics.
Armand Edward Blackmar, was born in Vermont in 1826, to parents Reuben Harmon and Amanda (Cushman) Blackmar.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Ashot Nadanian (sometimes transliterated as Nadanyan; Աշոտ Նադանյան; born September 19, 1972) is an Armenian chess International Master (1997), chess theoretician and chess coach.
Éric Prié, born 14 March 1962 in Paris, is a French chess player, International Grandmaster since 1996, currently playing for Montpellier Échecs.
The Balogh Defense (also known as the Balogh Counter Gambit) is an unusual chess opening beginning with the moves: It may also arise by transposition from the Staunton Gambit against the Dutch Defense, 1.d4 f5 2.e4!?, if Black declines the gambit with 2...d6.
Barnes Opening is a chess opening where White opens with: The opening is named after Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874), an English player who had an impressive eight wins over Paul Morphy, including one game where Barnes answered 1.e4 with 1...f6, known as Barnes Defence.
Béla Perényi (October 20, 1953–November 13, 1988) was a Hungarian chess international master known for his work in opening theory.
Benjamin Blumenfeld (24 May 1884, Vilkaviškis – 5 March 1947, Moscow) was a Russian chess master.
The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.
The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
Bernhard (Bernát) Fleissig (born 1853, Hungary – died 7 March 1931, Vienna) was a Hungarian-born Austrian chess master.
Bird's Opening (or the Dutch Attack) is a chess opening characterised by the move: Bird's is a standard flank opening.
The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White attacks Black's f7-square and prevents Black from advancing his d-pawn to d5.
The Blackmar–Diemer Gambit (or BDG) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: where White intends to follow up with f2–f3, usually on the fourth move.
The Blumenfeld Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves 3...e6 4.Nf3 b5 in the Benoni Defense arising after: or alternatively: In fact, as many as 30 different move orders are possible.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
The Bogo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The position arising after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 is common.
In chess, the Monticelli Trap is a combination in the Bogo–Indian Defence, named for Italian champion Mario Monticelli from the game Monticelli versus Prokeš, Budapest 1926.
Boris Leonidovich Avrukh (בוריס ליאונידוביץ' אברוך; Борис Леонидович Аврух; born 10 February 1978 in Karaganda, Soviet Union) is an Israeli chess grandmaster.
The Budapest Gambit (or Budapest Defence) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Despite an early debut in 1896, the Budapest Gambit received attention from leading players only after a win as Black by Grandmaster Milan Vidmar over Akiba Rubinstein in 1918.
Bukhuti (Buchuti) Ivanovich Gurgenidze (ბუხუტი გურგენიძე; November 13, 1933 – May 24, 2008) was a Georgian chess Grandmaster, born in Surami.
Carl Theodor Göring (Goering) (28 April 1841 in Brüheim – 2 April 1879 in Eisenach) was a German professor, philosopher and chess master.
Carl Ferdinand von Jaenisch (Карл Андреевич Яниш; Vyborg, April 11, 1813 – Saint Petersburg, March 7, 1872) was a Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist.
Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.
Carlo Cozio, Count of Montiglio and Salabue (c. 1715 – c. 1780) was an Italian chess player and theorist.
Carlos Jesús Torre Repetto (29 November 1904Hooper/Whyld, Gaige say 1905. in Mérida, Yucatán – 19 March 1978 in Mérida, Yucatán) was a chess grandmaster from Mexico.
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
ChessCafe.com is a website that publishes endgame studies, book reviews and other articles related to chess on a weekly basis.
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
The Clemenz Opening is a chess opening beginning with the move: This opening is named after Hermann Clemenz (1846–1908), an Estonian player.
The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski.
Count Dracula is the title character of Bram Stoker's 1897 gothic horror novel Dracula.
The Damiano Defence is a chess opening beginning with the moves.
Daniël Noteboom (26 February 1910 – 12 January 1932) was a Dutch chess player.
The Danvers Opening,Edward Winter, at chesshistory.com also known as the Kentucky Opening,, Dubuque Chess Journal, May 1875, page 250 scanned at Hathitrust (original from New York Public Library) Queen's Attack, Queen's Excursion, Wayward Queen Attack, Patzer OpeningLev Alburt & Al Lawrence,, Rowman & Littlefield, 2010 or Parham AttackThe Chess Drum,, 6 July 2003 is an unorthodox chess opening characterized by the moves.
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (25 May 1868 – 15 January 1927; often spelled David) was a leading Polish chess master and subsequent French citizen.
The Desprez Opening is a chess opening characterized by the opening move: The opening is named after the French player Marcel Desprez.
Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani (9 November 1719 – 15 July 1796) was an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician.
Dragoljub Velimirović (Serbian Cyrillic: Драгољуб Велимировић; 12 May 1942 – 22 May 2014) was a Serbian (formerly Yugoslav) chess grandmaster, born in Valjevo.
The Dunst Opening is a chess opening where White opens with the move: This fairly uncommon opening may have more names than any other: it is also called the Heinrichsen Opening, Baltic Opening, van Geet's Opening, Sleipnir Opening, Kotrč's Opening, Meštrović Opening, Romanian Opening, Queen's Knight Attack, Queen's Knight Opening, Millard's Opening, Knight on the Left, and (in German) der Linksspringer.
The Durkin Opening (also known as the Durkin Attack or the Sodium Attack) is a rarely played chess opening beginning with the move: The Durkin Opening is named for Robert James Durkin (1923–?) of New Jersey.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
Edgard Colle (18 May 1897, in Ghent, Belgium – 20 April 1932) was a Belgian chess master.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
Efstratios Grivas (born March 30, 1966) is a Greek chess Grandmaster.
Emil Joseph (Josef) Diemer (15 May 1908 in Radolfzell – 10 October 1990 in Fussbach/Gengenbach) was a German chess master.
Emil Schallopp (1 August 1843, Friesack, Germany – 9 April 1919, Berlin) was a German chess player and author.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
The Englund Gambit is a rarely played chess opening that starts with the moves: Black's idea is to avoid the traditional closed queen's pawn games and create an open game with tactical chances, but at the cost of a pawn.
Erik Ruben Lundin (Stockholm 2 July 1904, – Stockholm 5 December 1988) was a Swedish chess master.
Ernst Karl Falkbeer (June 27, 1819 – December 14, 1885) was an Austrian chess master and journalist.
---- Ernst Franz Grünfeld (November 21, 1893 – April 3, 1962) was a leading Austrian chess grandmaster and chess writer, mainly on opening theory.
Eugène Rousseau (c. 1810 in St. Denis, France – 1870) was a French chess master.
Eugene Ernest Colman (11 October 1878, Merton, England – 20 July 1964) was an English chess master.
The Evans Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Evans Gambit is an aggressive line of the Giuoco Piano, which normally continues with the positional moves 4.c3 or 4.d3.
Evgeny Ellinovich Sveshnikov (Евгений Эллинович Све́шников; Latvian: Jevgēņijs Svešņikovs; born 11 February 1950) is a Russian grandmaster of chess and a chess author.
The Four Knights Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This is the most common sequence, but the knights may in any order to reach the same position.
François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), often referred to as André Danican Philidor during his lifetime, was a French composer and chess player.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
Frankenstein's monster, often erroneously referred to as "Frankenstein", is a fictional character who first appeared in Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus.
Franz Clemens Honoratus Hermann Brentano (16 January 1838 – 17 March 1917) was an influential German philosopher, psychologist, and priest whose work strongly influenced not only students Edmund Husserl, Sigmund Freud, Tomáš Masaryk, Rudolf Steiner, Alexius Meinong, Carl Stumpf, Anton Marty, Kazimierz Twardowski, and Christian von Ehrenfels, but many others whose work would follow and make use of his original ideas and concepts.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Friedrich Sämisch (September 20, 1896, Charlottenburg – August 16, 1975, Berlin) was a German chess Grandmaster (1950).
Gavriil Nikolayevich Veresov (Гаўрыла Мікалаевіч Верасаў, Гавриил Николаевич Вересов; 28 July 1912 – 12 November 1979) was a Soviet chess player.
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
Gedeon (Gideon) Barcza (August 21, 1911 in Kisújszállás – February 27, 1986 in Budapest) was a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
George Koltanowski (also "Georges"; 17 September 1903 – 5 February 2000) was a Belgian-born American chess player, promoter, and writer.
Georgy Mikhailovich Lisitsin or Lisitsyn (Гео́ргий Миха́йлович Лиси́цын; 11 October 1909 – 20 March 1972) was a Russian chess master.
Giambattista Lolli (1698 in Nonantola, Italy – 4 June 1769) was an Italian chess player.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
The Nadanian Variation (sometimes called the Nadanian Attack) of the Grünfeld Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Nadanian Variation is classified in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings with the code D85.
Grigory Yakovlevich Levenfish (Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Левенфи́ш; in Piotrków – 9 February 1961 in Moscow) was a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s.
Grob's Attack is an unconventional chess opening where White immediately moves the king knight's pawn two squares ahead.
Grzegorz Gajewski (born 19 July 1985 in Skierniewice) is a Polish chess player who became Grandmaster in 2006.
The Gunderam Defense is a rarely played chess opening starting with the moves: It is named after the chess player Gerhard Gunderam.
Gyula "Julius" Breyer (30 April 1893 Budapest – 9 November 1921) was a Hungarian chess player and 1912 Hungarian national champion.
Harold James Ruthven Murray (24 June 1868 – 16 May 1955) was an English educationalist, inspector of schools, and prominent chess historian.
Henri Grob (4 June 1904 – 5? July 1974) was a Swiss chess master, artist and painter.
Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.
The Hodgson Attack (also called the Pseudo-Trompowsky, Levitsky Attack after Stepan Levitsky, Queen's Bishop Attack, and Bishop Attack) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Strategically, the bishop on g5 exerts an annoying influence where it pins Black's e-pawn and is ready to meet 2...Nf6 with 3.Bxf6, giving up the bishop pair in exchange for saddling Black with doubled pawns.
Horatio Caro (5 July 1862 – 15 December 1920) was an English chess master.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Igor Vladimirovich Glek (Игорь Владимирович Глек; born 7 November 1961) is a Russian chess Grandmaster, coach, theorist, writer and organiser.
Igor Khenkin (born 21 March 1968 in Vladimir, Russia) is a German chess player.
Igor Arkadyevich Zaitsev (Игорь Аркадьевич Зайцев; born 27 May 1938) is a Russian grandmaster of chess.
Ilya Abramovich Kan (Илья Абрамович Кан; 4 May 1909, Samara – 12 December 1978), was a Russian / Soviet International Master (IM) of Chess.
Isaac Yefremovich Boleslavsky (Ісаак Єфремович Болеславський, Исаак Ефремович Болеславский; June 9, 1919 in Zolotonosha, Ukraine – February 15, 1977 in Minsk) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
Isaac Leopold Rice (February 22, 1850 – November 2, 1915) was a German-born Jewish American businessman, investor, musicologist, author, and noted chess patron.
István Abonyi (18 August 1886 – 5 June 1942) was a Hungarian chess master, who was born and died in Budapest.
The Italian Game is a family of chess openings beginning with the moves: The Italian Game is part of the large family of Open Games or Double King's Pawn Games.
The Blackburne Shilling Gambit is the name facetiously given to a dubious chess opening, derived from an offshoot of the Italian Game, that begins: It is also sometimes referred to as the Kostić Gambit after the Serbian grandmaster Borislav Kostić, who played it in the early 20th century.
The Rousseau Gambit (or Ponziani Countergambit) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The gambit is named after French chess master Eugène Rousseau.
Jacob Henry Sarratt (1772 – 6 November 1819) was one of the top English chess players of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Jacques Mieses (born Jakob Mieses; 27 February 1865 – 23 February 1954) was a German-born chess Grandmaster and writer.
Major James Moore Hanham (January 4, 1840 Woodville, Mississippi – December 30, 1923 New York, New York) was an American chess master, who played in many American and international chess tournaments between 1884 and 1889.
János Balogh (10 September 1892, Kézdivásárhely, now Târgu Secuiesc – 12 September 1980, Budapest) was a Hungarian–Romanian chess master.
Jørgen Møller (sometimes Jorgen Moeller or Jörgen Möller) (4 November 1873 – 20 November 1944) was a Danish chess master.
Jerzy Konikowski (born 24 January 1947, Bytom, Poland) a Polish–German chess master, problemist and author.
Johann Baptist Allgaier (June 19, 1763, Schussenried – January 3, 1823, Vienna) was a German-Austrian chess master and theoretician.
John Cochrane (1798 – 2 March 1878) was a Scottish chess master and lawyer.
John Owen (8 April 1827 in Marchington – 24 November 1901 in Twickenham) was an English vicar and strong amateur chess master.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Joseph Henry Blackburne (10 December 1841 – 1 September 1924), nicknamed "The Black Death", dominated British chess during the latter part of the 19th century.
Julian Michael "Jules" Hodgson (born 25 July 1963) is a British International Grandmaster and former British Chess Champion.
Karel Hromádka (23 April 1887 in Großweikersdorf, Austria – 16 July 1956) was a Czech chess player, two-time Czech champion, 1913 and 1921 (jointly).
Karel Opočenský (7 February 1892, Most, Bohemia – 16 November 1975, Prague) was a Czech chess master.
---- Karel Traxler (1866 in Vlachovo Březí – 1936 in Volyně) was a Czech chess master and composer of chess problems.
Karl Robatsch (October 14, 1929 in Klagenfurt – September 19, 2000) was a leading Austrian chess player and a noted botanist.
Keith Charles Arkell (born 8 January 1961 in Birmingham) is an English chess Grandmaster.
Kenneth Ray Smith (September 13, 1930 – February 4, 1999) was a chess player and author.
The Keres Defence (also known as the Kangaroo Defence or Franco-Indian Defense) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named for Estonian grandmaster Paul Keres.
The King's Fianchetto Opening or Benko's Opening (also known as the Hungarian Opening, Barcza Opening, or Bilek Opening) is a chess opening characterized by the move: White's 1.g3 ranks as the fifth most popular opening move, but it is far less popular than 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.c4 and 1.Nf3.
The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White offers a pawn to divert the black e-pawn.
The Falkbeer Countergambit is a chess opening that begins: In this aggressive, Black disdains the pawn offered as a sacrifice, instead opening the centre to exploit White's weakness on the.
The Fischer Defense to the King's Gambit is a chess opening variation that begins with the moves: Although 3...d6 was previously known, it did not become a major variation until Fischer advocated it in a famous 1961 article in the first issue of the American Chess Quarterly.
The McDonnell Gambit is a chess opening gambit in the King's Gambit, Classical Variation that begins with the moves:Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 241.
The Rice Gambit is a chess opening that arises from the King's Gambit Accepted.
The King's Indian Attack (or KIA), also known as the Barcza System (after Gedeon Barcza), is a chess opening system for White.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
The Konstantinopolsky Opening is a rarely played chess opening that begins with the moves.
Kurt Paul Otto Joseph Richter (24 November 1900 in Berlin – 29 December 1969 in Berlin) was a German chess International Master and chess writer.
Larsen's Opening (also called the Nimzo–Larsen Attack or Queen's Fianchetto Opening) is a chess opening starting with the move: It is named after the Danish grandmaster Bent Larsen.
Lev Osipovich Alburt (born August 21, 1945) is a chess grandmaster, chess writer and chess coach.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky (in Tartu – in Paris) was a Baltic German chess master, famous primarily for a game he lost against Adolf Anderssen, which because of its brilliance was named "The Immortal Game".
The Lisitsin Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves.
This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
The Lopez Opening (or MacLeod Attack) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The opening was played frequently by 19th century Scottish–Canadian chess master Nicholas MacLeod but has otherwise arisen rarely in tournament play.
Louis R. Eisenberg (born 1876 – died ?) was a Ukrainian-American chess master.
Louis Paulsen (15 January 1833 in Gut Nassengrund near Blomberg, Principality of Lippe – 18 August 1891) was a German chess player.
Luis Ramírez de Lucena (c. 1465 – c. 1530) was a Spanish chess player who published the first still-existing chess book.
The Maróczy Bind is a pawn formation in chess, named after the Hungarian grandmaster Géza Maróczy and primarily played against the Sicilian Defence.
Mario Monticelli (16 March 1902, Venice – 30 June 1995, Milan) was an Italian chess player.
Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.
The Marshall Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Marshall Defense is a fairly dubious variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
Martin Severin Janus From (8 April 1828 – 6 May 1895) was a Danish chess master.
Max Lange (August 7, 1832, Magdeburg – December 8, 1899, Leipzig) was a German chess player and problem composer.
Michael John Basman (born 16 March 1946 in St Pancras, London) is an English chess player, chess author and International Master.
The Mieses Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: The opening is named after the German-British grandmaster Jacques Mieses.
Miguel Najdorf (born Mojsze Mendel Najdorf) (15 April 1910 – 4 July 1997) was a Polish-Argentine chess grandmaster.
Miguel Ángel Quinteros (born December 28, 1947 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.
The Modern Defense (also known as the Robatsch Defence after Karl Robatsch) is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleon Opening is an irregular chess opening starting with the moves: As with the similar Wayward Queen Attack (2.Qh5), White hopes for the Scholar's Mate (2.Qf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5?? 4.Qxf7#), but Black can easily avoid the trap.
Neil R McDonald (born 21 January 1967) is an English chess grandmaster and a player on the international chess circuit.
Nicholas Menalaus MacLeod (8 February 1870, Quebec – 27 September 1965, Spokane, Washington) was a Scottish–Canadian chess master.
Nicolai Jasnogrodsky (6 August 1859, Lubny – 23 April 1914, New York City) was a Russian–born American chess master.
Nicolas Rossolimo (Николай Спиридонович Россоли́мо; February 28, 1910, Kiev – July 24, 1975, New York) was an American-French-Greek-Russian chess Grandmaster.
Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.
Nikolai (Nikolay) Nikolaevich Riumin (Ryumin, Rjumin, Rumin) (Николай Николаевич Рюмин; 5 September 1908, Moscow – 1942, Omsk) was a Russian chess master, one of the strongest Soviet players of the 1930s.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
The Nimzowitsch Defence is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the moves: This opening is an example of a hypermodern opening where Black invites White to occupy the of the board at an early stage with pawns.
Octávio Figueira Trompowsky de Almeida (30 November 1897 – 26 March 1984) was a Brazilian chess player, who was born and died in Rio de Janeiro.
The Old Indian Defense is a chess opening defined by the moves: This opening is distinguished from the King's Indian Defense in that Black develops his on e7 rather than by fianchetto on g7.
Oldřich Duras (also Důras; 30 October 1882, Pchery, Bohemia, then Austria-Hungary – 5 January 1957, Prague, then Czechoslovakia) was a leading Czech chess master of the early 20th century.
Owen's Defence (also known as the Queen's Fianchetto Defence or Greek Defense) is an uncommon chess opening defined by the moves: By playing 1...b6, Black prepares to fianchetto the where it will participate in the battle for the.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Paul Charles Morphy (June 22, 1837 – July 10, 1884) was an American chess player.
Paul Saladin Leonhardt (13 November 1877 – 14 December 1934) was a German chess master.
Pedro Damiano (in Portuguese, Pedro Damião; Damiano is the Italian form, much like the Latin Damianus) was a Portuguese chess player who lived from 1480 to 1544.
Peter Leko ('Lékó Péter'; Петер Леко; born September 8, 1979 in Subotica, Yugoslavia) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Petrov's Defence or the Petrov Defence (also called Petroff's Defence, Russian Defence, and Russian Game) is a chess opening characterised by the following moves: Though this symmetrical response has a long history, it was first popularised by Alexander Petrov, a Russian chess player of the mid-19th century.
The Philidor Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named after the famous 18th-century player François-André Danican Philidor, who advocated it as an alternative to the common 2...Nc6.
Philipp Stamma (c. 1705 – c. 1755), a native of Aleppo, Ottoman Syria, later resident of England and France, was a chess master and a pioneer of modern chess.
The Pirc Defence (correctly pronounced "peerts", but often mispronounced "perk"), sometimes known as the Ufimtsev Defence or Yugoslav Defence, is a chess opening characterised by Black responding to 1.e4 with 1...d6 and 2...Nf6, followed by...g6 and...Bg7, while allowing White to establish an impressive-looking centre with pawns on d4 and e4.
The Ponziani Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is one of the oldest chess openings, having been discussed in the literature by 1497.
Preston Ware Jr. (August 12, 1821 – January 29, 1890) was a US chess player.
Quality Chess UK Ltd (known as Quality Chess) is a chess publishing company, founded in 2004 by International Master Ari Ziegler, Grandmaster Jacob Aagaard and Grandmaster John Shaw.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Gambit Accepted (or QGA) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Queen's Gambit Accepted is the third most popular option on Black's second move, after 2...e6 (the Queen's Gambit Declined) and 2...c6 (the Slav Defense).
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.
Ratmir Dmitrievich Kholmov (Russian: Ратмир Дмитриевич Холмов) (13 May 1925 in Shenkursk – 18 February 2006 in Moscow) was a Russian chess Grandmaster.
Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.
The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves: White plans to bring the d5-pawn under attack from the, or entice it to advance to d4 and undermine it later.
Richard Selig Réti (28 May 1889, Bösing, now Pezinok – 6 June 1929, Prague) was an Austro-Hungarian, later Czechoslovak chess grandmaster, chess author, and composer of endgame studies.
The Richter–Veresov Attack (or Veresov Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is also often reached by transposition, for example 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Bg5 (the most common move order), 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 d5 3.Nc3, or 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.d4 d5 3.Bg5.
Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948) is a German chess Grandmaster, chess writer, and papyrologist.
Robert Graham Wade OBE (10 April 1921 Dunedin, New Zealand – 29 November 2008, London), was a New Zealand and British chess player, writer, arbiter, coach, and promoter.
Rudolf Spielmann (5 May 1883 – 20 August 1942) was an Austrian-Jewish chess player of the romantic school, and chess writer.
Rodrigo (Ruy) López de Segura (c. 1530 – c. 1580) was a Spanish priest and later bishop in Segura whose 1561 book Libro de la invención liberal y arte del juego del Axedrez was one of the first definitive books about modern chess in Europe, preceded only by Pedro Damiano's 1512 book, Luis Ramírez de Lucena's 1497 book (the oldest surviving printed book on chess), and the Göttingen manuscript (authorship and exact date of the manuscript are unknown).
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
Sammi Fajarowicz (5 June 1908 in Möckern/Leipzig – 4 July 1940 in Leipzig) was a German chess master.
Samuel Standidge Boden (1826–1882) was an English professional chess master.
The Scotch Game, or Scotch Opening, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Ercole del Rio, in his 1750 treatise Sopra il giuoco degli Scacchi, Osservazioni pratiche d’anonimo Autore Modenese ("On the game of Chess, practical Observations by an anonymous Modenese Author"), was the first author to mention what is now called the Scotch Game.
The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves: The position may readily be reached by a number of different.
The Semi-Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the following moves: The Semi-Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined (ECO codes D40 through D42).
Semyon Zinovyevich Alapin (Семён Зиновьевич Алапин; in Saint Petersburg – 15 July 1923 in Heidelberg) was a chess master, openings analyst, and puzzle composer.
Semyon Abramovich Furman (December 1, 1920 – March 17, 1978) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster and trainer.
Prince Sergey Semyonovich Urusov Сергей Семёнович Уру́сов (3 August 1827 – 20 November 1897) was a leading 19th century Russian chess player; he was also a self-published amateur mathematician.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
In chess, the Sicilian Defence, Alapin Variation is a response to the Sicilian Defence characterised by the moves: It is named after the Russian master Semyon Alapin (1856–1923).
The Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation (also sometimes called the Szily Variation or Hungarian Variation) is a chess opening named after Vitaly Chekhover, from the game Chekhover–Lisitsin, Leningrad 1938.
In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: In the Dragon, Black fianchettoes their bishop on the h8–a1 diagonal, building a home for the king on g8 while aiming the bishop at the center and.
The Najdorf Variation of the Sicilian Defence is one of the most respected and deeply studied of all chess openings.
In chess, the Smith–Morra Gambit (or simply Morra Gambit) is an opening gambit against the Sicilian Defence distinguished by the moves: White sacrifices a pawn to quickly and create attacking chances.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.
The Sokolsky Opening (also known as the Orangutan or Polish) is an uncommon chess opening that begins with the move: According to various databases, out of the twenty possible first moves from White, the move 1.b4 ranks ninth in popularity.
The Staunton Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: White sacrifices a pawn for quick development, hoping to launch an attack against Black's, which has been somewhat weakened by 1...f5.
Stepan (Stefan) Levitsky (Levitski, Lewitzki) (25 April 1876, Serpukhov – 21 March 1924, Glubokaya) was a Russian chess master and national chess champion.
Stojan Puc (9 April 1921 – 29 January 2004) was a Slovenian chess master.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
The Swiss Gambit is an chess opening which is an offshoot of Bird's Opening (1.f4) and begins with the moves.
Szymon Abramowicz Winawer (Warsaw, March 6, 1838 – Warsaw, November 29, 1919) was a leading chess player who won the German Chess Championship in 1883.
The Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874) was an English chess master, one of the leading British masters of his time.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
Anthony John Miles (23 April 1955 – 12 November 2001) was an English chess grandmaster, the first Englishman to earn the Grandmaster title in over-the-board play.
The Torre Attack is a chess opening characterized by the moves: or the Tartakower Variation in the Queen's Pawn Game (ECO code D03): or the Torre Attack in the East Indian Defence (ECO code A48): or the Torre Attack in the Indian Defence (ECO code A47).
The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: With his second move, White intends to exchange his bishop for Black's knight, inflicting doubled pawns upon Black in the process.
The Two Knights Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First recorded by Polerio (c. 1550 – c. 1610) in the late 16th century, this line of the Italian Game was extensively developed in the 19th century.
The Max Lange Attack is a chess opening that can arise from many different opening lines, including the Two Knights Defense, Petroff's Defense, Scotch Gambit, Bishop's Opening, Center Game, and Giuoco Piano.
Vadim Zvjaginsev (Vadim Zvyagintsev; born 18 August 1976 in Moscow) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The Van't Kruijs Opening is a chess opening defined by the move: It is named after the Amsterdam player Maarten van 't Kruijs (1813–85) who won the sixth Dutch championship in 1878.
Vasily Nikolayevich Panov (Васи́лий Никола́евич Пано́в, November 1, 1906 – January 13, 1973) was a Soviet chess player, author, and journalist.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Vasja Pirc (December 19, 1907 – June 2, 1980) was a leading Yugoslav (Slovenian) chess player.
Veniamin Innokentevich Sozin (Вениамин Иннокентьевич Созин, 1896–1956) was a Russian chess master, author, and theoretician.
Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (Вячесла́в Васи́льевич Раго́зин, 8 October 1908 – 11 March 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion.
Victor Ivanovich Soultanbéieff (also spelled Sultanbajew, Sultanbaev, Sultanbeev, Sultanbejeff, Sultanbaieff, etc.; 11 November 1895 – 9 February 1972) was a Belgian chess master.
The Vienna Game is an opening in chess that begins with the moves: White's second move is less common than 2.Nf3, and is also more recent.
The Frankenstein–Dracula Variation is a chess opening variation for Black, usually considered a branch of the Vienna Game, beginning with the moves: or it can be reached by transposition from the Bishop's Opening: The opening involves many complications; however, with accurate play the opening is viable for both sides.
Viktor Karlovich Knorre Виктор Карлович Кнорре(4 October 1840 – 25 August 1919) was a Russian astronomer of German ethnic origin.
Vitaly Alexandrovich Chekhover (also spelled Tschechower or Czechower, pronounced "chekh a VYAIR") (Вита́лий Алекса́ндрович Чехове́р) (December 22, 1908 – February 11, 1965) was a Soviet chess player and chess composer.
Vladas Mikėnas (17 April 1910 – 3 November 1992) was a Lithuanian International Master of chess, an Honorary Grandmaster, and a journalist.
Vladimir Epishin (born 11 July 1965 in Leningrad) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov (Влади́мир Андре́евич Макого́нов, August 27, 1904 – January 2, 1993) was a chess player from Azerbaijan.
Vsevolod Alfredovich Rauzer (16 October 1908 – 29 December 1941, Leningrad) was a Soviet Ukrainian chess master known for his great contributions to chess opening theory, especially of the Sicilian Defence.
The Wade Defence is a chess opening characterised by the initial moves: The position can also arise from the move order 1.Nf3 d6 2.d4 Bg4.
The Ware Opening, also known as Meadow Hay Opening, is an uncommon chess opening for White beginning with the move: It is named after Preston Ware, a U.S. chess player who often played uncommon openings.
Weaver Warren Adams (April 28, 1901 – January 6, 1963) was an American chess master, author, and opening theoretician.
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.
Captain William Davies Evans (27 January 1790 – 3 August 1872) was a seafarer and inventor, though he is best known today as a chess player.
William Henry Krause Pollock (21 February 1859 in Cheltenham – 5 October 1896 in Clifton, England) was an English chess master, and a surgeon.
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; born February 8, 1922) is a Soviet and Russian chess player and author.
The Zukertort Opening is a chess opening named after Johannes Zukertort that begins with the move: Sometimes the term "Réti Opening" is used to describe the opening move 1.Nf3, although most sources define the Réti more narrowly as the sequence 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4.