478 relations: Aagje Deken, Addams (crater), Adela Zamudio, Adelina Patti, Adivar (crater), Adriana Budevska, Aelia Eudocia, Agatha Christie, Aglaonice, Agnesi (crater), Agniya Barto, Agrippina the Elder, Aisha Taymur, Akan language, Albania, Alcott (crater), Aleksandra Potanina, Aleksandra Yablochkina, Alessandra Giliani, Alfonsina Storni, Algeria, Alice B. Toklas, Altai language, Amalasuntha, Amenirdis I, Amy Johnson, Anaïs Nin, Anandi Gopal Joshi, Anaxandra, Ancient Greece, Angelica Kauffman, Anglo-Saxons, Anna Akhmatova, Anna Blackburne, Anna Cora Mowatt, Anna Golubkina, Anna Komnene, Anna Magnani, Anna Maria van Schurman, Anna Morandi Manzolini, Anna Volkova, Anne Boleyn, Anne Bradstreet, Anne Conway (philosopher), Anne Frank, Anne Sullivan, Annie Oakley, Annie Smith Peck, Anthropology, Anyte of Tegea, ..., Aphra Behn, Arabic, Ariadne (crater), Ariel Durant, Armenian language, Artemisia Gentileschi, Astronomer, Augusta, Lady Gregory, Aurelia (crater), Aurelia Cotta, Avvaiyar, Ayn Rand, Azar Andami, Æthelflæd, Édith Piaf, Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, Émilie du Châtelet, Balch (crater), Ballet, Ban Zhao, Baranamtarra, Barbara Hepworth, Barton (crater), Bathsheba, Beatrix Potter, Beatriz Galindo, Belarusian language, Belva Ann Lockwood, Bertha von Suttner, Berthe Morisot, Beryl Markham, Billie Holiday, Božena Němcová, Bronislava Nijinska, Buck (crater), Bulgaria, Byzantine Empire, Cai Yan, Callisto (moon), Carmen Amaya, Caroline Yale, Caterina Scarpellini, Catharine Beecher, Central Tano languages, Ceres (dwarf planet), Charles II of England, Charlotte Mary Yonge, Chechen language, Christina Nilsson, Christina Rossetti, Circassian languages, Clara Barton, Clara Schumann, Cleopatra, Cleopatra (crater), Cora Sandel, Corinna, Cunitz (crater), Czechs, Danilova (crater), Dat So La Lee, De Lalande (crater), Delia Akeley, Dervorguilla of Galloway, Dewi Sartika, Diameter, Dian Fossey, Dickey Chapelle, Dickinson (crater), Dione (moon), Dorothea Dix, Dorothea Erxleben, Dorothy L. Sayers, Edith Sitwell, Edith Wharton, Edna Ferber, Edna St. Vincent Millay, Egypt, Elena Andreianova, Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Elena Văcărescu, Eleonora Duse, Elisabeth Hevelius, Elisabetta Sirani, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Elizabeth Kenny, Ella Cara Deloria, Ellen Swallow Richards, Emily Carr, Emily Dickinson, Emily Greene Balch, Emma Lazarus, Emma Orczy, Emma Willard, Enceladus, Eponym, Erinna, Estonian language, Estonians, Ethel Barrymore, Ethel Voynich, Eugénie Cotton, Europa (moon), Ewe language, Fanny Bullock Workman, Fanny Kemble, Faustina the Younger, Flannery O'Connor, Flora MacDonald, Florence Bascom, Florence R. Sabin, François Huber, Frances Abington, Frances Brooke, Frances Milton Trollope, Francesca Caccini, Fredegund, Frida Kahlo, Fukuda Chiyo-ni, Fula language, Fula people, Fumiko Hayashi (author), Fusae Ichikawa, Gabriele Münter, Galicia (Spain), Galileo Galilei, Ganymede (moon), Georgia O'Keeffe, Germaine de Staël, Gertrude Stein, Gerty Cori, Given name, Goeppert-Mayer (crater), Golubkina (crater), Grandma Moses, Grazia Deledda, Gregory (crater on Venus), Grimke (crater), Guan Daosheng, Guilbert (crater), Halide Edib Adıvar, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Harriet Quimby, Harriet Tubman, Hausa language, Héloïse, Hōjō Masako, Hebrew language, Hebrews, Helen B. Taussig, Helen Keller, Himiko, Hua Mulan, Huang Daopo, Hungarians, Hwang Jini, Iapetus (moon), Impact crater, Inge Lehmann, International Astronomical Union, Iran, Irène Joliot-Curie, Isabella (crater), Isabella Cortese, Isabella d'Este, Isabella I of Castile, Isadora Duncan, Jacqueline Cochran, Jahonotin Uvaysiy, Jane Addams, Jane Austen, Jane Seymour, Jean Batten, Jean Rhys, Jeanne (crater), Jenny Lind, Jerusha Jhirad, Josefa de Óbidos, Josefa Llanes Escoda, Josephine Baker, Joy Adamson, Judith Gautier, Judith Leyster, Julia Ward Howe, Juliette Récamier, Julius Caesar, Kaikilani, Kalmykia, Kalmyks, Karen Blixen, Karin Boye, Kartini, Kate Greenaway, Katharina Klafsky, Katharine Susannah Prichard, Kathleen Ferrier, Kathleen Lonsdale, Kazakhstan, Keleanohoanaapiapi, Kirsten Flagstad, Komi-Permyak language, Kora of Sicyon, Kristine Bonnevie, Kumyks, Kyrgyz language, La Caramba, Lady Godiva, Lady Jane Grey, Lakota people, Laura Bassi, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Leonardo da Vinci, Li Qingzhao, Lidia Ruslanova, Lidiya Tseraskaya, Lillian Hellman, Lillie Langtry, Lise Meitner, List of coronae on Venus, List of craters in the Solar System, List of craters on Callisto, List of craters on Europa, List of craters on Ganymede, List of craters on Mars, List of craters on Mercury, List of craters on the Moon, List of minor planets: 3001–4000, List of montes on Venus, Lithuania, Lola Montez, Lorraine Hansberry, Louisa May Alcott, Louise Arner Boyd, Louise Nevelson, Lucy Meredith Bryce, Lydia Koidula, Lydia Maria Adams DeWitt, Lyubov Orlova, M. Carey Thomas, Ma Shouzhen, Macedonian language, Madame de La Fayette, Mandinka language, Margaret Bourke-White, Margaret Eliza Maltby, Margaret Mead, Margaret Sanger, Margaretta Riley, Marguerite Higgins, Mari language, Maria Callas, Maria Celeste, Maria Celeste (crater), Maria Cunitz, Maria Danilova, Maria Edgeworth, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Maria Klenova, Maria Konopnicka, Maria Martinez, Maria Montessori, Maria Sibylla Merian, Maria Theresia von Paradis, Maria Yermolova, Marianne Moore, Marie Bashkirtseff, Marie Boivin, Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, Marie Fouquet, Marie Laurencin, Marie Taglioni, Marie Tussaud, Marie-Aimée Lullin, Marie-Jeanne de Lalande, Marie-Louise Lachapelle, Mariko (crater), Marina Tsvetaeva, Martine Bertereau, Mary Ann Bickerdyke, Mary Gilmore, Mary Horner Lyell, Mary Kingsley, Mary Lyon, Mary Sidney, Mary Watson Whitney, Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary, Queen of Scots, Maybelle Carter, Mead (crater), Meitner (Venusian crater), Mercia, Mercy Otis Warren, Merit Ptah (crater), Merit-Ptah, Mesopotamia, Mihri Hatun, Moldovan language, Mona Lisa, Mona Lisa (crater), Mu Guiying, Mumtaz Mahal, Nadezhda Obukhova, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Nadia Boulanger, Nanichi, NASA, Natalia Goncharova, Nell Gwyn, Nellie Bly, Nellie Melba, Nenets languages, Netherlands, Ngaio Marsh, Nicanor Parra, Nina Simonovich-Efimova, Nivkh people, Nodira, Nofret, North Caucasus, Ola Cohn, Olga Bergholz, Oliva Sabuco, Ossetia, Ossetian language, Ostrogoths, Pandita Ramabai, Pathology, Patsy Cline, Pausanias (geographer), Pearl S. Buck, Peggy Hull, Persian language, Phillis Wheatley, Philology, Phryne, Planetary nomenclature, Polina Osipenko, Polynesian languages, Puerto Rico, Rachel Carson, Rebecca West, Regina von Siebold, Rembrandt, Rhea (moon), Riley (crater), Roman Empire, Rosa Bonheur, Rosa Ponselle, Rosalía de Castro, Ruth (Venusian crater), Sabina von Steinbach, Samoyedic languages, Sarah Bernhardt, Sarah Moore Grimké, Sarah Whiting, Sarah Winnemucca, Sarra Lebedeva, Saskia van Uylenburgh, Selma Lagerlöf, Serbo-Croatian, Sibylle Riqueti de Mirabeau, Sidnie Manton, Sigrid Undset, Simone de Beauvoir, Simone Weil, Sioux, Sioux language, Socrates, Sojourner Truth, Solar System, Sonja Henie, Sophia Jex-Blake, Sophie Germain, Soviet Union, Stefania (crater), Susan Glaspell, Susanna Centlivre, Suzanne Valadon, Taíno language, Tamils, Taylor Caldwell, Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska, Teresa Carreño, Tethys (moon), Tilly Edinger, Toby Riddle, Tonita Peña, Turkey, Tuvan language, United States Geological Survey, University Park, Maryland, Valeria Barsova, Varvara Rudneva, Venezuela, Venus, Vera Fedorovna Gaze, Vera Mukhina, Virginia Woolf, Wanda (crater), Wanda Landowska, Wang Zhenyi, Washoe people, Wheatley (crater), Willa Cather, Wilma Neruda, Wolof language, Wrexie Leonard, Wu Zetian, Xanthippe, Xiao Hong, Xue Tao, Yablochkina (crater), Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova, Yelena Polenova, Yevgenia Bugoslavskaya, Yosano Akiko, Yoshioka Yayoi, Yvette Guilbert, Zenobia, Zhu Shuzhen, Zinaida Aksentyeva, Zitkala-Sa, Zofia Nałkowska, Zofia Oleśnicka, Zora Neale Hurston, 4 Vesta. Expand index (428 more) » « Shrink index
Agatha ("Aagje") Deken (Nieuwer-Amstel, 1741 – The Hague, 14 November 1804) was a Dutch writer.
Addams is a crater on Venus.
Paz Juana Plácida Adela Rafaela Zamudio Rivero, or more popularly known as Adela Zamudio (1854–1928) was a Bolivian poet, feminist, and educator.
Adelina Patti (10 February 184327 September 1919) was an Italian-French 19th-century opera singer, earning huge fees at the height of her career in the music capitals of Europe and America.
Adivar is an impact crater on Venus, named in honor of Turkish writer and pilot Halide Edip Adıvar.
Adriana Budevska (13 December 1878 – 9 December 1955), was a Bulgarian actress, one of the founders of the professional theater in Bulgaria.
Aelia Eudocia Augusta (Late Greek: Αιλία Ευδοκία Αυγούστα; 401–460 AD), also called Saint Eudocia, was a Greek Eastern Roman Empress by marriage to Byzantine emperor Theodosius II (r. 408–450), and a prominent historical figure in understanding the rise of Christianity.
Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie, Lady Mallowan, (born Miller; 15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976) was an English writer.
Aglaonice or Aganice of Thessaly (Ἀγλαονίκη, Aglaoníkē) was a Greek astronomer of the 2nd or 1st century BC.
Agnesi is a crater on the planet Venus.
Agniya Lvovna Barto (a; – 1 April 1981) was a Soviet poet and children's writer of Russian Jewish origin.
Agrippina the Elder (Latin:Vipsania Agrippina; Classical Latin: AGRIPPINA•GERMANICI, c. 14 BC – AD 33), commonly referred to as "Agrippina the Elder" (Latin: Agrippina Maior), was a prominent member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Aisha E'ismat Taymur (عائشة عصمت تيمور‎ or Aisha al-Taymuriyya; 1840–1902) was an Egyptian social activist, at Egyptian State Information Service poet, novelist, and feminist in the Ottoman era.
Akan is a Central Tano language that is the principal native language of the Akan people of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 58% of the population, and among 30% of the population of Ivory Coast.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Alcott is an impact crater on Venus.
Aleksandra Potanina (1843–1893), was a Russian explorer.
Aleksandra Aleksandrovna Yablochkina (Александра Александровна Яблочкина; November 3, 1866 - March 20, 1964) was a leading actress of the Maly Theatre in Moscow for more than 75 years.
Alessandra Giliani (1307-1326) was an Italian scientist, best known as the first woman to be recorded in historical documents as practicing anatomy and pathology.
Alfonsina Storni (29 May 1892 – 25 October 1938) was an Argentine poet of the modernist period.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Alice Babette Toklas (April 30, 1877 – March 7, 1967) was an American-born member of the Parisian avant-garde of the early 20th century, and the life partner of American writer Gertrude Stein.
Gorno-Altai (also Gorno-Altay) is a Turkic language, spoken officially in the Altai Republic, Russia.
Amalasuntha (also known as Amalasuentha, Amalaswintha, Amalasuintha, Amalswinthe, Amalasontha or Amalsenta) (30 April 534/535) was a regent of the Ostrogoths during the minority of her son from 526 to 534, and ruling queen regnant from 534 to 535.
Amenirdis I (throne name: Hatneferumut) was a God's Wife of Amun during the 25th Dynasty of ancient Egypt.
Amy Johnson (1 July 1903 – 5 January 1941) was a pioneering English aviator who was the first female pilot to fly alone from Britain to Australia.
Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell (February 21, 1903 – January 14, 1977), known professionally as Anaïs Nin, was a French-American diarist, essayist, novelist, and writer of short stories and erotica.
Anandibai Gopalrao Joshi (31 March 1865 – 26 February 1887) was one of the earliest Indian female physicians.
Anaxandra (Ἀναξάνδρα; fl. 220s BC) was an ancient Greek female artist and painter from Greece.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Maria Anna Angelika Kauffmann (30 October 1741 – 5 November 1807), usually known in English as Angelica Kauffman, was a Swiss Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Anna Andreyevna Gorenkoa; Анна Андріївна Горенко, Anna Andriyivna Horenko (– 5 March 1966), better known by the pen name Anna Akhmatova (Анна Ахматова), was one of the most significant Russian poets of the 20th century.
Anna Blackburne (1726 – 30 December 1793) was an English naturalist.
Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie (1819–1870) was an author, playwright, public reader, and actress.
Anna Semyonovna Golubkina (Анна Семёновна Голубкина; January 28, 1864 - September 7, 1927) was a Russian impressionist sculptor.
Anna Komnene (Ἄννα Κομνηνή, Ánna Komnēnḗ; 1 December 1083 – 1153), commonly latinized as Anna Comnena, was a Byzantine princess, scholar, physician, hospital administrator, and historian.
Anna Magnani (7 March 1908 – 26 September 1973) was an Italian stage and film actress.
Anna Maria van Schurman (November 5, 1607 – May 14 or 15, 1678) was a Dutch painter, engraver, poet, and scholar, who is best known for her exceptional learning and her defence of female education.
Anna Morandi Manzolini (21 January 1714 – 9 July 1774) was an internationally known anatomist and anatomical wax modeler, as lecturer of anatomical design at the University of Bologna.
Anna Feodorovna Volkova (Анна Федоровна Волкова, d. 1876), was a Russian chemist working predominantly with amides.
Anne Boleyn (1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII.
Anne Bradstreet (March 20, 1612 – September 16, 1672), née Dudley, was the most prominent of early English poets of North America and first writer in England's North American colonies to be published.
Anne Conway (also known as Viscountess Conway; née Finch; 14 December 1631 – 23 February 1679) was an English philosopher whose work, in the tradition of the Cambridge Platonists, was an influence on Gottfried Leibniz.
Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February or March 1945)Research by The Anne Frank House in 2015 revealed that Frank may have died in February 1945 rather than in March, as Dutch authorities had long assumed.
Johanna Mansfield Sullivan Macy (April 14, 1866 – October 20, 1936), better known as Anne Sullivan, was an American teacher, best known for being the instructor and lifelong companion of Helen Keller,Herrmann, Dorothy.
Annie Oakley (born Phoebe Ann Mosey; August 13, 1860 – November 3, 1926) was an American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter.
Annie Smith Peck (October 19, 1850 – July 18, 1935) was an American mountaineer and adventurer.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Anyte of Tegea (Ἀνύτη Τεγεᾶτις, Anýtē Tegeâtis; fl. early 3rd century BC) was an Arcadian poet.
Aphra Behn (14 December 1640? (baptismal date)–16 April 1689) was a British playwright, poet, translator and fiction writer from the Restoration era.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Ariadne Crater is a crater on Venus.
Ariel Durant (10 May 1898 – 25 October 1981) was a Russian-born American researcher and writer and the coauthor of The Story of Civilization with her husband Will Durant.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
Artemisia Gentileschi (July 8, 1593c. 1656) was an Italian Baroque painter, today considered one of the most accomplished painters in the generation following that of Caravaggio.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
Isabella Augusta, Lady Gregory (née Persse; 15 March 1852 – 22 May 1932) was an Irish dramatist, folklorist and theatre manager.
Aurelia is a crater on Venus.
Aurelia Cotta or Aurelia (May 21, 120 – July 31, 54 BC) was the mother of Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar (100 – 44 BC).
The Avvaiyars (ஔவையார்; 'Respectable Women') was the title of more than one poet who was active during different periods of Tamil literature.
Ayn Rand (born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum; – March 6, 1982) was a Russian-American writer and philosopher.
Azar Andami, born in Rasht (Iran) in 1926, died in Tehran on 28 August 1984, was an Iranian physician and bacteriologist.
Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians (870 – 12 June 918), ruled Mercia in the English Midlands from 911 until her death.
Édith Piaf (19 December 1915 – 10 October 1963; nee Édith Giovanna Gassion) was a French singer, songwriter, cabaret performer and film actress noted as France's national chanteuse and one of the country's most widely known international stars.
Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun (16 April 1755 – 30 March 1842), also known as Madame Lebrun or Madame Le Brun, was a prominent French portrait painter of the late eighteenth century.
Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise Du Châtelet (17 December 1706 – 10 September 1749) was a French natural philosopher, mathematician, physicist, and author during the early 1730s until her untimely death due to childbirth in 1749.
Balch is a crater on Venus at latitude 29.9, longitude 282.9 in Devana Chasma, Central Beta Regio.
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
Ban Zhao (45 – c. 116 CE), courtesy name Huiban, was a Chinese historian, philosopher, and politician.
Baranamtarra was the Queen of Lagash during the 24th century BCE.
Dame Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth DBE (10 January 1903 – 20 May 1975) was an English artist and sculptor.
Barton crater is a 54-km (32-mi) diameter crater on Venus.
Bathsheba was the wife of Uriah the Hittite and later of David, according to the Hebrew Bible.
Helen Beatrix Potter (British English, North American English also, 28 July 186622 December 1943) was an English writer, illustrator, natural scientist, and conservationist best known for her children's books featuring animals, such as those in The Tale of Peter Rabbit.
Beatriz Galindo, sometimes spelled Beatrix, (born 1465? Salamanca – 23 November 1534 in Madrid) was a Spanish Latinist and educator.
Belarusian (беларуская мова) is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is spoken abroad, mainly in Ukraine and Russia.
Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood (October 24, 1830 – May 19, 1917) was an American attorney, politician, educator, and author.
Bertha Felicitas Sophie Freifrau von Suttner (Baroness Bertha von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky, Gräfin Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau; 9 June 184321 June 1914) was an Austrian-Bohemian pacifist and novelist.
Berthe Marie Pauline Morisot (January 14, 1841 – March 2, 1895) was a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists.
Beryl Markham (née Clutterbuck; 26 October 1902 – 3 August 1986) was a British-born Kenyan aviator (one of the first bush pilots), adventurer, racehorse trainer and author.
Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.
Božena Němcová (4 February 1820 in Vienna – 21 January 1862 in Prague) was a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.
Bronislava Nijinska (Bronisława Niżyńska; Бронисла́ва Фоми́нична Нижи́нская, Bronislava Fominichna Nizhinskaya, Браніслава Ніжынская); (– February 21, 1972) was a Polish ballet dancer, and an innovative choreographer.
Buck is a crater in the Navka region of Venus.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Cai Yan (178 – post 206; or 170–215; or died 249), courtesy name Wenji, was a poet and musician who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
Callisto (Jupiter IV) is the second-largest moon of Jupiter, after Ganymede.
Carmen Amaya (2 November 1918 – 19 November 1963) was a Romani flamenco dancer and singer, born in the Somorrostro district of Barcelona, Spain.
Caroline Ardelia Yale (September 29, 1848 – July 2, 1933) was an American educator who revolutionized the teaching of hearing-impaired students.
Caterina Scarpellini (29 October 1808 – 28 November 1873), was an Italian astronomer and meteorologist.
Catharine Esther Beecher (September 6, 1800 – May 12, 1878) was an American educator known for her forthright opinions on female education as well as her vehement support of the many benefits of the incorporation of kindergarten into children's education.
The Central Tano or Akan languages are languages of the Niger-Kongo family (or perhaps the theorised Kwa languages) spoken in Ghana and Ivory Coast by the Akan people.
Ceres (minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the largest object in the asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, slightly closer to Mars' orbit.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823–1901) was an English novelist who wrote to the service of the church.
Chechen (нохчийн мотт / noxçiyn mott / نَاخچیین موٓتت / ნახჩიე მუოთთ, Nokhchiin mott) is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken by more than 1.4 million people, mostly in the Chechen Republic and by members of the Chechen diaspora throughout Russia, Jordan, Central Asia (mainly Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan), and Georgia.
Christina Nilsson, Countess de Casa Miranda, (20 August 1843 – 20 November 1921) was a Swedish operatic soprano.
Christina Georgina Rossetti (5 December 1830 – 29 December 1894) was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems.
Circassian, also known as Cherkess, is a subdivision of the Northwest Caucasian language family.
Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912) was a pioneering nurse who founded the American Red Cross.
Clara Schumann (née Clara Josephine Wieck; 13 September 1819 – 20 May 1896) was a German musician and composer, considered one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era.
Cleopatra VII Philopator (Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ Cleopatra Philopator; 69 – August 10 or 12, 30 BC)Theodore Cressy Skeat, in, uses historical data to calculate the death of Cleopatra as having occurred on 12 August 30 BC.
Cleopatra, initially called Cleopatra Patera, is an impact crater on Venus, in Maxwell Montes.
Sara Cecilia Görvell Fabricius (20 December 1880 — 3 April 1974), better known by her pen name Cora Sandel, was a Norwegian writer and painter who lived most of her adult life abroad.
Corinna (Korinna, usually Corinna in English texts but also found as Korinna) was an ancient Greek lyric poet from Tanagra in Boeotia, who has been called the most famous ancient Greek woman poet after Sappho.
Cunitz is a crater on Venus at latitude 14.5, longitude 350.9 in western Eistla Regio.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Maria Danilova, Russian ballet dancer, (b. 1793) is honored by the impact crater Danilova on Venus.
Louisa Keyser, or Dat So La Lee (ca. 1829 - December 6, 1925) was a celebrated Native American basket weaver.
De Lalande is a multiring impact crater on Venus.
Delia Julia Akeley (December 5, 1869 – May 22, 1970), commonly known by her nickname, Mickie, was an American explorer.
Dervorguilla of Galloway (c. 1210 – 28 January 1290) was a 'lady of substance' in 13th century Scotland, the wife from 1223 of John, 5th Baron de Balliol, and mother of John I, a future king of Scotland.
Dewi Sartika (4 December 188411 September 1947) was the leading figure and pioneer for the education for women in Indonesia.
In geometry, a diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints lie on the circle.
Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932 – c. December 26, 1985) was an American primatologist and conservationist known for undertaking an extensive study of mountain gorilla groups from 1966 until her death in 1985.
Georgette Louise Meyer (March 14, 1919 – November 4, 1965) known as Dickey Chapelle was an American photojournalist known for her work as a war correspondent from World War II through the Vietnam War.
Dickinson crater is located at 74.6 degrees north latitude and 177.2 east longitude, in the northeastern Atalanta Region of Venus.
Dione (Διώνη) is a moon of Saturn.
Dorothea Lynde Dix (April 4, 1802July 17, 1887) was an American activist on behalf of the indigent mentally ill who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums.
Dorothea Christiane Erxleben née Leporin (13 November 1715, Quedlinburg – 13 June 1762 in Quedlinburg) was the first female medical doctor in Germany.
Dorothy Leigh Sayers (13 June 1893 – 17 December 1957) was a renowned English crime writer and poet.
Dame Edith Louisa Sitwell DBE (7 September 1887 – 9 December 1964) was a British poet and critic and the eldest of the three literary Sitwells.
Edith Wharton (born Edith Newbold Jones; January 24, 1862 – August 11, 1937) was an American novelist, short story writer, and designer.
Edna Ferber (August 15, 1885 – April 16, 1968) was an American novelist, short story writer and playwright.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Elena Ivanovna Andreïanova, sometimes spelt Yelena Andreyanova (Russian Елена Ивановна Андреянова), 13 July 1819 St. Petersburg - 28 October 1857 Paris, was a Russian ballerina.
Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia, also Helen Cornaro (5 June 1646 – 26 July 1684), was a Venetian philosopher of noble descent, who was one of the first women to receive an academic degree from a university and in 1678 she became the first woman in the world to receive a Ph.D. degree.
Elena Văcărescu or Hélène Vacaresco (September 21, 1864 in Bucharest – February 17, 1947 in Paris) was a Romanian-French aristocrat writer, twice a laureate of the Académie française.
Eleonora Duse (3 October 1858 – 21 April 1924) was an Italian actress, often known simply as Duse.
Elisabeth Catherina Koopmann Hevelius (in Polish also called Elżbieta Heweliusz) (January 17, 1647–December 22, 1693) is considered one of the first female astronomers, and called "the mother of moon charts".
Elisabetta Sirani (8 January 1638 – 28 August 1665) was an Italian Baroque painter and printmaker who died in unexplained circumstances at the age of 27.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (née Moulton-Barrett,; 6 March 1806 – 29 June 1861) was an English poet of the Victorian era, popular in Britain and the United States during her lifetime.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American suffragist, social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement.
Elizabeth Kenny (20 September 188030 November 1952) was an unaccredited Australian nurse who promoted a controversial new approach to the treatment of poliomyelitis.
Ella Cara Deloria (January 31, 1889 – February 12, 1971), (Yankton Dakota), also called Aŋpétu Wašté Wiŋ (Beautiful Day Woman), was an educator, anthropologist, ethnographer, linguist, and novelist of European American and Native American (American Indian) ancestry.
Ellen Henrietta Swallow Richards (December 3, 1842 – March 30, 1911) was an industrial and safety engineer, environmental chemist, and university faculty member in the United States during the 19th century.
Emily Carr (December 13, 1871 – March 2, 1945) was a Canadian artist and writer inspired by the Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American poet.
Emily Greene Balch (January 8, 1867 – January 9, 1961) was an American economist, sociologist and pacifist.
Emma Lazarus (July 22, 1849 – November 19, 1887) was an American poet, writer, translator, and Georgist from New York City.
Baroness Emma Magdolna Rozália Mária Jozefa Borbála "Emmuska" Orczy de Orci (23 September 1865 – 12 November 1947) was a Hungarian-born British novelist and playwright.
Emma Hart Willard (February 23, 1787 – April 15, 1870) was an American women's rights activist who dedicated her life to education.
Enceladus is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn.
An eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or after which something is named, or believed to be named.
Erinna (Ἤριννα) was an ancient Greek poet.
Estonian (eesti keel) is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia.
Estonians (eestlased) are a Finnic ethnic group native to Estonia who speak the Estonian language.
Ethel Barrymore (born Ethel Mae Blythe; August 15, 1879 – June 18, 1959) was an American actress and a member of the Barrymore family of actors.
Ethel Lilian Voynich, née Boole (11 May 1864 – 27 July 1960) was an Irish novelist and musician, and a supporter of several revolutionary causes.
Eugénie Cotton (13 October 1881 – 16 June 1967) was a French scientist and Women's rights activist.
Europa or as Ευρώπη (Jupiter II) is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and the sixth-closest to the planet.
Ewe (Èʋe or Èʋegbe) is a Niger–Congo language spoken in southeastern Ghana by approximately 6–7 million people as either the first or second language.
Fanny Bullock Workman (January 8, 1859 – January 22, 1925) was an American geographer, cartographer, explorer, travel writer, and mountaineer, notably in the Himalayas.
Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble (27 November 180915 January 1893) was a notable British actress from a theatre family in the early and mid-19th century.
Annia Galeria Faustina Minor (Minor is Latin for the Younger), Faustina Minor or Faustina the Younger (born probably 21 September CE, died in winter of 175 or spring of 176 CE) was a daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius and Roman Empress Faustina the Elder.
Mary Flannery O'Connor (March 25, 1925August 3, 1964) was an American novelist, short story writer and essayist.
Flora MacDonald (Gaelic: Fionnghal nic Dhòmhnaill; 1722 – 5 March 1790) was a Scottish Jacobite heroine famous for her part in Charles Edward Stuart, pretender to the throne, escape after his defeat at the Battle of Culloden.
Florence Bascom (July 14, 1862 – June 18, 1945) was the second woman to earn her Ph.D in geology in the United States, and the first woman to receive a Ph.D from Johns Hopkins University.
Florence Rena Sabin (November 9, 1871 – October 3, 1953) was an American medical scientist.
François Huber (July 2, 1750 – December 22, 1831) was a Swiss naturalist.
Frances "Fanny" Abington (1737 – 4 March 1815) was a British actress, known not only for her acting, but her sense of fashion.
Frances Brooke (née Moore; 12 January 1724 – 23 January 1789) was an English novelist, essayist, playwright and translator.
Frances Milton Trollope (10 March 1779 – 6 October 1863) was an English novelist and writer who published as Mrs.
Francesca Caccini (18 September 1587 – after 1641) was an Italian composer, singer, lutenist, poet, and music teacher of the early Baroque era.
Fredegund or Fredegunda (Latin: Fredegundis; French: Frédégonde; died 8 December 597) was the Queen consort of Chilperic I, the Merovingian Frankish king of Soissons.
Frida Kahlo de Rivera (born Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón; July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954) was a Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self-portraits, and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico.
Fukuda Chiyo-ni (Kaga no Chiyo) (福田 千代尼; 1703 - 2 October 1775) was a Japanese poet of the Edo period, widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of haiku (then called hokku).
Fula Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh, also known as Fulani or Fulah (Fula: Fulfulde, Pulaar, Pular; Peul), is a language spoken as a set of various dialects in a continuum that stretches across some 20 countries in West and Central Africa.
The Fula people or Fulani or Fulany or Fulɓe (Fulɓe; Peul; Fulani or Hilani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw), numbering between 40 and 50 million people in total, are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.
was a Japanese novelist and poet.
was a Japanese feminist, politician and women's suffrage leader.
Gabriele Münter (Berlin, 19 February 1877 – 19 May 1962) was a German expressionist painter who was at the forefront of the Munich avant-garde in the early 20th century.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.
Ganymede (Jupiter III) is the largest and most massive moon of Jupiter and in the Solar System.
Georgia Totto O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist.
Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein (née Necker; 22 April 176614 July 1817), commonly known as Madame de Staël, was a French woman of letters of Swiss origin whose lifetime overlapped with the events of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era.
Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.
Gerty Theresa Cori (née Radnitz; August 15, 1896 – October 26, 1957) was a Jewish Czech-American biochemist who became the third woman—and first American woman—to win a Nobel Prize in science, and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
A given name (also known as a first name, forename or Christian name) is a part of a person's personal name.
Goeppert-Mayer is a crater on the planet Venus.
Golubkina is a crater on Venus.
Anna Mary Robertson Moses (September 7, 1860 – December 13, 1961), known by her nickname Grandma Moses, was an American folk artist.
Grazia Maria Cosima Damiana Deledda (28 September 1871 – 15 August 1936) was an Italian writer who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926 "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general".
Grimke is a crater on Venus at latitude 7.1, longitude 95.8.
Grimke is a crater on Venus at latitude 17.2, longitude 215.3.
Guan Daosheng (1262–1319) was a Chinese poet and painter who was active during the early Yuan Dynasty.
Guilbert is an impact crater on Venus.
Halide Edib Adıvar (خالده اديب; sometimes spelled Halidé Edib in English) (11 June 1884 – 9 January 1964) was a Turkish novelist, nationalist, and political leader for women's rights.
Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe (June 14, 1811 – July 1, 1896) was an American abolitionist and author.
Harriet Quimby (May 11, 1875 – July 1, 1912) was an early American aviator and a movie screenwriter.
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist and political activist.
Hausa (Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa) is the Chadic language (a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by some 27 million people, and as a second language by another 20 million.
Héloïse (or;; 1090?/1100–1? – 16 May 1164) was a French nun, writer, scholar, and abbess, best known for her love affair and correspondence with Peter Abélard.
was a political leader, and the eldest daughter of Hōjō Tokimasa (the first shikken, or regent, of the Kamakura shogunate) by his wife Hōjō no Maki.
Hebrews (Hebrew: עברים or עבריים, Tiberian ʿIḇrîm, ʿIḇriyyîm; Modern Hebrew ʿIvrim, ʿIvriyyim; ISO 259-3 ʕibrim, ʕibriyim) is a term appearing 34 times within 32 verses of the Hebrew Bible.
Helen Brooke Taussig (May 24, 1898 – May 20, 1986) was an American cardiologist, working in Baltimore and Boston, who founded the field of pediatric cardiology.
Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) was an American author, political activist, and lecturer.
was a shamaness-queen of Yamataikoku in Wa (ancient Japan).
Hua Mulan is a legendary woman warrior from the Northern and Southern dynasties period (420–589) of Chinese history, originally described in the Ballad of Mulan.
Huang Dao po (1245 – 1330) rose from poverty to become one of the most famous women in the early Chinese textile industry.
Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.
Hwang Jini or Hwang Jin-Yi (c. 1506 – c. 1560), also known by her gisaeng name Myeongwol ("bright moon", 명월), was one of the most famous gisaeng of the Joseon Dynasty.
Iapetus (Ιαπετός), or occasionally Japetus, is the third-largest natural satellite of Saturn, eleventh-largest in the Solar System, and the largest body in the Solar System known not to be in hydrostatic equilibrium.
An impact crater is an approximately circular depression in the surface of a planet, moon, or other solid body in the Solar System or elsewhere, formed by the hypervelocity impact of a smaller body.
Inge Lehmann (13 May 1888 – 21 February 1993) was a Danish seismologist and geophysicist.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Irène Joliot-Curie (12 September 1897 – 17 March 1956) was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie.
Crater Isabella is the second largest impact crater on Venus.
Isabella Cortese (fl. 1561), was an Italian alchemist and writer of the Renaissance.
Isabella d'Este (19 May 1474 – 13 February 1539) was Marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure.
Isabella I (Isabel, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death.
Angela Isadora Duncan (May 26, 1877 or May 27, 1878 – September 14, 1927) was an American dancer who performed to acclaim throughout Europe.
Jacqueline Cochran (May 11, 1906 – August 9, 1980) was a pioneer in the field of American aviation and one of the most prominent racing pilots of her generation.
Jahonotin Uvaysiy (1780–1845), was a Sufi poet from Margilon in the Ferghana Valley in Uzbekistan.
Jane Addams (September 8, 1860May 21, 1935), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century.
Jane Seymour (c. 150824 October 1537) was Queen of England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of King Henry VIII.
Jean Gardner Batten, CBE, OSC (15 September 1909 – 22 November 1982) was a New Zealand aviatrix.
Jean Rhys, (born Ella Gwendolyn Rees Williams; 24 August 1890 – 14 May 1979) was a mid-20th-century novelist who was born and grew up in the Caribbean island of Dominica, though she was mainly resident in England from the age of 16.
Jeanne is an impact crater on Venus.
Johanna Maria "Jenny" Lind (6 October 18202 November 1887) was a Swedish opera singer, often known as the "Swedish Nightingale".
Jerusha Jhirad (21 March 1891 – 2 June 1984) was an Indian physician.
Josefa de Óbidos (ca. 1630 – 22 July 1684) was a Spanish-born Portuguese painter.
Josefa Llanes Escoda (September 20, 1898 – January 6, 1945) is a Filipina war heroine, great civic leader, and social worker.
Josephine Baker (born Freda Josephine McDonald; 3 June 1906 – 12 April 1975) was an American-born French entertainer, activist, and French Resistance agent.
Friederike Victoria "Joy" Adamson (née Gessner, 20 January 1910 – 3 January 1980) was a naturalist, artist and author.
Judith Gautier (25 August 1845, Paris – 26 December 1917) was a French poet and historical novelist, the daughter of Théophile Gautier and Ernesta Grisi, sister of the noted singer and ballet dancer Carlotta Grisi.
Judith Jans Leyster (also Leijster) (c. July 28, 1609Molenaer, Judith. National Gallery of Art website. Accessed Feb. 1, 2014.– February 10, 1660) was a Dutch Golden Age painter.
Julia Ward Howe (May 27, 1819 – October 17, 1910) was an American poet and author, best known for writing "The Battle Hymn of the Republic." She was also an advocate for abolitionism and was a social activist, particularly for women's suffrage.
Jeanne-Françoise Julie Adélaïde Récamier (4 December 1777 – 11 May 1849), known as Juliette, was a French socialite, whose salon drew Parisians from the leading literary and political circles of the early 19th century.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Kaikilani was a legendary figure in Hawaiian native oral tradition who dates to around the 16th century in the western calendar.
The Republic of Kalmykia (p; Хальмг Таңһч, Xaľmg Tañhç) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
The Kalmyks (Kalmyk: Хальмгуд, Xaľmgud, Mongolian: Халимаг, Halimag) are the Oirats in Russia, whose ancestors migrated from Dzungaria in 1607.
Baroness Karen Christenze von Blixen-Finecke (née Dinesen; 17 April 1885 – 7 September 1962) was a Danish author who wrote works in Danish and English.
Karin Maria Boye (26 October 1900 – 24 April 1941) was a Swedish poet and novelist.
Raden Adjeng Kartini (21 April 1879 – 17 September 1904), sometimes known as Raden Ayu Kartini, was a prominent Indonesian national heroine from Java. She was also a pioneer in the area of education for girls and women's rights for Indonesians. Born into an aristocratic Javanese family in the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia, she attended a Dutch language primary school. She aspired to further education but the option was unavailable to her and other girls in Javanese society. She came into contact with various officials and influential people including J.H. Abendanon, in charge of implementing the Dutch Ethical Policy. Kartini wrote letters about her feelings and they were published in a Dutch magazine and later as: Out of Darkness to Light, Women's Life in the Village and Letters of a Javanese Princess. Her birthday is now celebrated as Kartini Day in Indonesia. She took an interest in mysticism and opposed polygamy. Her advocacy for the education of girls was continued by her sisters. Kartini Schools were named for her and a fund established in her name to fund the education of girls.
Catherine Greenaway (17 March 18466 November 1901) was a Victorian artist and writer, known for her children's book illustrations.
Katharina Klafsky (19 September 1855 – 22 September 1896) was a Hungarian operatic singer whose acclaimed international career was cut short by a chronic illness which proved fatal.
Katharine Susannah Prichard (4 December 18832 October 1969) was an Australian author and co-founding member of the Communist Party of Australia.
Kathleen Mary Ferrier, CBE (22 April 19128 October 1953) was an English contralto singer who achieved an international reputation as a stage, concert and recording artist, with a repertoire extending from folksong and popular ballads to the classical works of Bach, Brahms, Mahler and Elgar.
Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, DBE, FRS (née Yardley; 28 January 1903 – 1 April 1971) was an Irish crystallographer who proved, in 1929, that the benzene ring is flat by using X-ray diffraction methods to elucidate the structure of hexamethylbenzene.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
Keleanohoanaapiapi, whose short name was just Kelea, was an ancient Hawaiian noblewoman, who is mentioned in ancient legends and her genealogy is given in chants.
Kirsten Malfrid Flagstad (12 July 1895 – 7 December 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer and a highly regarded Wagnerian soprano.
Komi-Permyak language (перем коми кыв or коми-пермяцкӧй кыв) is one of two regional varieties of the pluricentrical Komi language, the other variety being Komi-Zyrian.
Kora or Callirhoe (c. 650 B.C., Sicyon, ancient Greece) was the daughter of Butades of Sicyon.
Kristine Elisabeth Heuch Bonnevie (8 October 1872 – 30 August 1948) was a Norwegian biologist and Norway's first female professor.
Kumyks (къумукълар, qumuqlar, кумыки) are a Turkic people living in the Kumyk plateau (in northern Dagestan to the south of the Terek river), the lands bordering the Caspian Sea, Northern Ossetia, Chechnya and the banks of the Terek river.
Kyrgyz (natively кыргызча, قىرعىزچه, kyrgyzcha or кыргыз тили, قىرعىز تيلى, kyrgyz tili) is a Turkic language spoken by about four million people in Kyrgyzstan as well as China, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russia.
María Antonia Vallejo Fernández (9 March 1751 – 10 June 1787) was a flamenco singer and dancer.
Godiva, Countess of Mercia (died between 1066 and 1086), in Old English Godgifu, was an English noblewoman who, according to a legend dating at least to the 13th century, rode naked – covered only in her long hair – through the streets of Coventry to gain a remission of the oppressive taxation that her husband imposed on his tenants.
Lady Jane Grey (Her exact date of birth is uncertain; many historians agree on the long-held estimate of 1537 while others set it in the later half of 1536 based on newer research. – 12 February 1554), known also as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage) and as "the Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.
The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe.
Laura Maria Caterina Bassi (October 1711 – 20 February 1778) was an Italian physicist and academic.
Laura Ingalls Wilder (February 7, 1867 – February 10, 1957) was an American writer known for the Little House on the Prairie series of children's books, published between 1932 and 1943, which were based on her childhood in a settler and pioneer family.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
Li Qingzhao (1084 – ca 1155/1156, alternatively 1081 – c. 1141), pseudonym Householder of Yi'an (易安居士), was a Chinese writer and poet in the Song dynasty.
Lidia Andreyevna Ruslanova (sometimes spelt Lidiya or Lydia, Лидия Андреевна Русланова; 27 October 1900 in Saratov Governorate – 21 September 1973 in Moscow) was one of the greatest and best-loved performers of Russian folk songs.
Lidiya Tseraskaya (Russian: Лидия Петровна Цераская) (1855 - 1931) was a Soviet astronomer.
Lillian Florence Hellman (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism.
Emilie Charlotte Langtry (née Le Breton; October 13, 1853 – February 12, 1929), known as Lillie (or Lily) Langtry and nicknamed "The Jersey Lily", was a British-American socialite, actress and producer.
Lise Meitner (7 November 1878 – 27 October 1968) was an Austrian-Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics.
This is a list of named coronae on Venus.
This is a list of named craters in the Solar System as named by IAU's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature.
This is a list of named craters on Callisto, one of the many moons of Jupiter, the most heavily cratered natural satellite in the Solar System (for other features, see list of geological features on Callisto).
This is a list of craters on Europa.
Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system, and thus has many craters covering its hard surface.
This is a list of craters on Mars.
This is a list of named craters on Mercury, the innermost planet of the Solar System (for other features, see list of geological features on Mercury).
This is a list of named lunar craters.
#d6d6d6 | 3089 Oujianquan || || December 3, 1981 || Nanking || Purple Mountain Obs.
This is a list of montes (mountains, singular mons) on the planet Venus.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Marie Dolores Eliza Rosanna Gilbert, Countess of Landsfeld (17 February 1821 – 17 January 1861), better known by the stage name Lola Montez, was an Irish dancer and actress who became famous as a "Spanish dancer", courtesan, and mistress of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, who made her Countess of Landsfeld.
Lorraine Vivian Hansberry (May 19, 1930 – January 12, 1965) was an African-American playwright and writer.
Louisa May Alcott (November 29, 1832March 6, 1888) was an American novelist and poet best known as the author of the novel Little Women (1868) and its sequels Little Men (1871) and Jo's Boys (1886).
Louise Arner Boyd (September 16, 1887 – September 14, 1972) was an American explorer of Greenland and the Arctic, who wrote extensively of her explorations, and in 1955 became the first woman to fly over the North Pole privately chartering a DC-4 and crew that included aviation pioneer Thor Solberg.
Louise Nevelson (September 23, 1899 – April 17, 1988) was an American sculptor known for her monumental, monochromatic, wooden wall pieces and outdoor sculptures.
Lucy Meredith Bryce (12 June 1897 – 30 July 1968) was an Australian haematologist and medical researcher, who worked with the Australian Red Cross Society to establish the first blood transfusion service in Australia.
Lydia Emilie Florence Jannsen, (–), known by her pen name Lydia Koidula, was an Estonian poet.
Lydia Maria Adams DeWitt, born Lydia Maria Adams (February 1, 1859 – March 10, 1928) was an American pathologist and anatomist.
Lyubov Petrovna Orlova (Любо́вь Петро́вна Орло́ва;, Zvenigorod – 26 January 1975, Moscow) was the first recognized star of Soviet cinema, a famous theatre actress, and a gifted singer.
Martha Carey Thomas (January 2, 1857 – December 2, 1935) was an American educator, suffragist, linguist.
Ma Shouzhen (c. 1548–1604), also known by her courtesy name Ma Xianglan (meaning "Orchid of the Xiang River") and pen name Yuejiao ("Lunar Beauty"), was a Chinese courtesan and artist born in Nanjing during the late Ming dynasty (1550-1644).
Macedonian (македонски, tr. makedonski) is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.
Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, comtesse de La Fayette (baptized 18 March 1634 – 25 May 1693), better known as Madame de La Fayette, was a French writer, the author of La Princesse de Clèves, France's first historical novel and one of the earliest novels in literature.
The Mandinka language (Mandi'nka kango), or Mandingo, is a Mandé language spoken by the Mandinka people of the Casamance region of Senegal, the Gambia, and northern Guinea-Bissau.
Margaret Bourke-White (June 14, 1904 – August 27, 1971) was an American photographer and documentary photographer.
Margaret Eliza Maltby (10 December 1860 – 3 May 1944) was an American physicist notable for measurement of high electrolytic resistances and conductivity of very dilute solutions.
Margaret Mead (December 16, 1901 – November 15, 1978) was an American cultural anthropologist who featured frequently as an author and speaker in the mass media during the 1960s and 1970s.
Margaret Higgins Sanger (born Margaret Louise Higgins, September 14, 1879September 6, 1966, also known as Margaret Sanger Slee) was an American birth control activist, sex educator, writer, and nurse.
Margaretta Riley, née Hopper (May 4, 1804 - July 16, 1899) was an English botanist.
Marguerite Higgins Hall (September 3, 1920January 3, 1966) was an American reporter and war correspondent.
The Mari language (Mari: марий йылме, marii jõlme; марийский язык, marijskij jazyk), spoken by approximately 400,000 people, belongs to the Uralic language family.
Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was a New York-born Greek soprano, one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century.
Sister Maria Celeste (16 August 1600 – 2 April 1634), born Virginia Galilei, was a nun.
Maria Celeste is an impact crater on Venus named in honor of Maria Celeste, the daughter of Galileo Galilei.
Maria Cunitz or Maria Cunitia (other versions of surname include: Cunicia, Cunitzin, Kunic, Cunitiae, Kunicia, Kunicka) (Wołów, Silesia, 1610 – Byczyna, Silesia, August 22, 1664) was an accomplished Silesian astronomer, and one of the most notable female astronomers of the modern era.
Maria Danilova (1793-1810) was a Russian ballet dancer.
Maria Edgeworth (1 January 1768 – 22 May 1849) was a prolific Anglo-Irish writer of adults' and children's literature.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (16 May 1718 – 9 January 1799) was an Italian mathematician, philosopher, theologian, and humanitarian.
Maria Goeppert Mayer (June 28, 1906 – February 20, 1972) was a German-born American theoretical physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus.
Maria Vasilyevna Klenova (Мари́я Васи́льевна Клёнова) (12 August 1898 – 6 August 1976) was a Russian and Soviet marine geologist and one of the founders of Russian marine science and contributor to the first Soviet Antarctic atlas.
Maria Konopnicka, née Wasiłowska (23 May 1842 – 8 October 1910) was a Polish poet, novelist, children's writer, translator, journalist, critic, and activist for women's rights and for Polish independence.
Maria Montoya Martinez (1887, San Ildefonso Pueblo, New Mexico – July 20, 1980, San Ildefonso Pueblo) was a Native American artist who created internationally known pottery.
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy.
Maria Sibylla Merian (2 April 164713 January 1717) was a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family.
Maria Theresia Paradis (also von Paradies) (May 15, 1759 – February 1, 1824), was an Austrian musician and composer who lost her sight at an early age, and for whom Mozart may have written his Piano Concerto No. 18 in B-flat major.
Maria Nikolayevna Yermolova (Мария Николаевна Ермолова; in Moscow – March 12, 1928, id.) was said to be the greatest actress in the history of the Maly Theatre in Moscow and the first person to be proclaimed the "People's Artist of the Republic" (1921).
Marianne Craig Moore (November 15, 1887 – February 5, 1972) was an American Modernist poet, critic, translator, and editor.
Marie Bashkirtseff (Maria Konstantinovna Bashkirtseva; Russian: Мария Константиновна Башки́рцева), was a Russian diarist, painter, and sculptor.
Marie-Anne Victoire Gillain Boivin (9 April 1773 – 16 May 1841) was a French midwife, inventor, and obstetrics writer.
Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné (5 February 1626 – 17 April 1696) was a French aristocrat, remembered for her letter-writing.
Marie François Fouquet (1590–1681), was a French medical writer and philanthropist.
Marie Laurencin (31 October 1883 – 8 June 1956) was a French painter and printmaker.
Marie Taglioni, Comtesse Gilbert de Voisins (23 April 1804 – 22 April 1884) was a Swedish ballet dancer of the Romantic ballet era, a central figure in the history of European dance.
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.
Marie-Aimée Lullin (5 April 1751 – 21 January 1822) was a Swiss entomologist: spouse and assistant to François Huber.
Marie-Jeanne-Amélie Le Francais de Lalande, born Harlay (1768–November 8, 1832), was a French astronomer and mathematician.
Marie-Louise Lachapelle (1 January 1769 – 4 October 1821) was a French midwife, head of obstetrics at the Hôtel-Dieu, the oldest hospital in Paris.
Mariko is an impact crater on Venus.
Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva (p; 31 August 1941) was a Russian and Soviet poet.
Martine Bertereau also known as Baroness de Beausoleil (born c. 1600, France – died after 1642, Vincennes, France) was a pioneering French woman mining engineer and mineralogist who traveled extensively in Europe in search of mineral deposits.
Mary Ann Bickerdyke (July 19, 1817 – November 8, 1901), also known as Mother Bickerdyke, was a hospital administrator for Union soldiers during the American Civil War and a lifelong advocate for veterans.
Dame Mary Jean Gilmore DBE (née Cameron; 16 August 18653 December 1962) was an Australian writer and journalist known for her prolific contributions to Australian literature and the broader national discourse.
Mary Horner Lyell (9 October 1808 – 24 April 1873) was a conchologist and geologist.
Mary Henrietta Kingsley (13 October 1862 – 3 June 1900) was an English ethnographer, scientific writer, and explorer whose travels throughout West Africa and resulting work helped shape European perceptions of African cultures and British imperialism.
Mary Mason Lyon (February 28, 1797 – March 5, 1849) was an American pioneer in women's education.
Mary Herbert, Countess of Pembroke (née Sidney; 27 October 1561 – 25 September 1621) was one of the first English women to achieve a major reputation for her poetry and literary patronage.
Mary Watson Whitney (September 11, 1847 – January 20, 1921) was an American astronomer and for 22 years the head of the Vassar Observatory where 102 scientific papers were published under her guidance.
Mary Wollstonecraft (27 April 1759 – 10 September 1797) was an English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
"Mother" Maybelle Carter (born Maybelle Addington; May 10, 1909 – October 23, 1978) was an American country musician.
Mead is an impact crater on Venus named in honor of the cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead.
Meitner is a multiring impact crater on Venus.
Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
Mercy Otis Warren (September 14, 1728 – October 19, 1814) was a political writer and propagandist of the American Revolution.
Merit Ptah is an impact crater on Venus named in honor of the chief physician Merit Ptah in ancient Egypt.
Merit-Ptah ("Beloved of the god Ptah"; c. 2700 BCE) the chief physician of the pharaoh's court during the Second Dynasty of ancient Egypt.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
Mihri Hatun also known as Lady Mihri and Mihri Khatun (died 1506 AD; مهری خاتون) was an Ottoman poet.
Moldovan (also Moldavian; limba moldovenească, or лимба молдовеняскэ in Moldovan Cyrillic) is one of the two names of the Romanian language in the Republic of Moldova, prescribed by the Article 13 of the current constitution; the other name, recognized by the Declaration of Independence of Moldova and the Constitutional Court, is "Romanian".
The Mona Lisa (Monna Lisa or La Gioconda, La Joconde) is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci that has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
Mona Lisa is a crater on Venus at latitude 25.6, longitude 25.1.
Mu Guiying (穆桂英) is a legendary heroine from ancient China's Northern Song Dynasty and a prominent figure in the Generals of the Yang Family legends.
Mumtaz Mahal (مُمتاز محَل), (meaning "the Exalted One of the palace"; Arjumand Banu; 27 April 1593 – 17 June 1631) was Empress consort of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
Nadezhda Andreyevna Obukhova (Наде́жда Андре́евна Обу́хова, 1886–1961) was a Russian mezzo-soprano.
Nadezhda Andreevna Udaltsova (December 29,1885 – January 25,1961) was a Russian avant-garde artist (Cubist, Suprematist), painter and teacher.
Juliette Nadia Boulanger (16 September 188722 October 1979) was a French composer, conductor, and teacher.
Nanichi is a crater found the Magellian region on the planet Venus.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova (p; July 3, 1881 – October 17, 1962) was a Russian avant-garde artist, painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer.
Eleanor "Nell" Gwyn (2 February 1650 – 14 November 1687; also spelled Gwynn, Gwynne) was a long-time mistress of King Charles II of England and Scotland.
Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman (May 5, 1864 – January 27, 1922), better known by her pen name Nellie Bly, was an American journalist who was widely known for her record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days, in emulation of Jules Verne's fictional character Phileas Fogg, and an exposé in which she worked undercover to report on a mental institution from within.
Dame Nellie Melba GBE (born Helen Porter Mitchell; 19 May 186123 February 1931) was an Australian operatic soprano.
Nenets (in former work also Yurak) is a pair of closely related languages spoken in northern Russia by the Nenets people.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Dame Ngaio Marsh (23 April 1895 – 18 February 1982), born Edith Ngaio Marsh, was a New Zealand crime writer and theatre director.
Nicanor Segundo Parra Sandoval (5 September 1914 – 23 January 2018) was a Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist.
Nina Simonovich-Efimova (Нина Симонович-Ефимова, 9 January 1877 OS/21 January 1877 N.S. – 24 February 1948) was a Russian artist, puppet designer and one of the first professional Russian puppeteers. Together with her husband she founded the tradition of Soviet puppet theater, acting as the driving force behind the Efimovs' presentations. Born in Saint Petersburg into a family with German-Jewish roots whose professionals included merchants, doctors, composers and academics, Simonovich-Efimova was highly educated, spending almost two decades studying art in both Russia and Paris to perfect her craft. Skilled in etching, watercolor and oil painting, she helped revive silhouette art in 20th-century Russia. Having performed in parlor theatricals as a child, from 1916 Simonovich-Efimova began staging puppet shows for fellow artists. The plays were so well received that she and her husband were invited to create a children's puppet theater by the Russian authorities in 1918, becoming two of the first professional puppeteers in Russia. She created innovative designs to make her manikins lifelike, promoting her work by publishing books and teaching puppetry theory and design. She and her husband are known as the first couple of Russian puppetry, though she was the one determined to elevate the craft. They performed over 1,500 shows throughout Russia between 1920 and 1940, moving from place to place with their traveling puppet theater. Inspired by the people she met and the countryside she experienced as they traveled across Russia, Simonovich-Efimova continued to paint throughout her life. While many of her scenes depict landscapes and historic architecture, she was also known for her works of women in traditional costume going about their daily lives. She also created a series of sketches while working at the First Mobile Hospital during World War II. Her works from the "Wounded Warrior" period sought to capture the courageous efforts of the soldiers she tended. Examples of her work are held in major Russian museums.
The Nivkh (also Nivkhs, Nivkhi, or Gilyak; ethnonym: Nivxi; language, нивхгу - Nivxgu) are an indigenous ethnic group inhabiting the northern half of Sakhalin Island and the region of the Amur River estuary in Russia's Khabarovsk Krai.
Mohlaroyim (Mohlaroyim, Моҳларойим; 1792–1842), most commonly known by her pen name Nodira, was an Uzbek poet and stateswoman.
Nofret was a woman who lived in Ancient Egypt during the 4th dynasty of Egypt.
The North Caucasus (p) or Ciscaucasia is the northern part of the Caucasus region between the Sea of Azov and Black Sea on the west and the Caspian Sea on the east, within European Russia.
Ola Cohn (born Carola Cohn; 25 April 1892 – 23 December 1964) was an Australian artist, author and philanthropist best known for her work in sculpture in a modernist style and famous for her Fairies Tree in the Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne.
Olga Fyodorovna Bergholz (a; – November 13, 1975) was a Soviet poet, writer, playwright and journalist.
Oliva Sabuco de Nantes Barrera (1562–1622) was a Spanish writer in holistic medical philosophy in the late 16th – early 17th century.
Ossetia (Ir, Iryston; Osetiya; ოსეთი, translit. Oseti) is an ethnolinguistic region located on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, largely inhabited by the Ossetians.
Ossetian, also known as Ossete and Ossetic, is an Eastern Iranian language spoken in Ossetia, a region on the northern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains.
The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).
Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati (23 April 1858 – 5 April 1922) was an Indian social reformer, a champion for the emancipation of women, and a pioneer in education.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Patsy Cline (born Virginia Patterson Hensley; September 8, 1932 – March 5, 1963) was an American country music singer and part of the Nashville sound during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Pausanias (Παυσανίας Pausanías; c. AD 110 – c. 180) was a Greek traveler and geographer of the second century AD, who lived in the time of Roman emperors Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.
Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (June 26, 1892 – March 6, 1973; also known by her Chinese name Sai Zhenzhu) was an American writer and novelist.
Peggy Hull (December 30, 1889 – June 19, 1967), was the pen name of Henrietta Eleanor Goodnough Deuell, an American journalist who covered World War I and World War II.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Phillis Wheatley, also spelled Phyllis and Wheatly (c. 1753 – December 5, 1784) was the first published African-American female poet.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
Phryne (Φρύνη) (born c. 371 BC) was an ancient Greek courtesan (hetaira), from the fourth century BC.
Planetary nomenclature, like terrestrial nomenclature, is a system of uniquely identifying features on the surface of a planet or natural satellite so that the features can be easily located, described, and discussed.
Polina Denisovna Osipenko (Полина Денисовна Осипенко, Поліна Денисівна Осипенко; October 8, 1907 – May 11, 1939) was a Soviet military pilot, most notable as the co-pilot who, together with Valentina Grizodubova and Marina Raskova on September 24–25, 1938 performed a non-stop flight between Moscow and the Sea of Okhotsk, setting a new distance record for non-stop flights operated by women.
The Polynesian languages are a language family spoken in geographical Polynesia and on a patchwork of outliers from south central Micronesia to small islands off the northeast of the larger islands of the southeast Solomon Islands and sprinkled through Vanuatu.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
Rachel Louise Carson (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was an American marine biologist, author, and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.
Dame Cicely Isabel Fairfield DBE (21 December 1892 – 15 March 1983), known as Rebecca West, or Dame Rebecca West, was a British author, journalist, literary critic and travel writer.
Regina Josepha von Siebold, née Henning (14 December 1771 – 28 February 1849), was a German physician and obstetrician.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
Rhea (Ῥέᾱ) is the second-largest moon of Saturn and the ninth-largest moon in the Solar System.
Riley is a crater on Venus.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Rosa Bonheur, born Marie-Rosalie Bonheur, (16 March 1822 – 25 May 1899) was a French artist, an animalière (painter of animals) and sculptor, known for her artistic realism. Her most well-known paintings are Ploughing in the Nivernais, first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1848, and now at Musée d’Orsay in Paris, and The Horse Fair (in French: Le marché aux chevaux), which was exhibited at the Salon of 1853 (finished in 1855) and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York City. Bonheur was widely considered to be the most famous female painter during the nineteenth century.
Rosa Ponselle (January 22, 1897 – May 25, 1981), was an American operatic soprano with a large, opulent voice.
María Rosalía Rita de Castro (24 February 1837 – 15 July 1885), was a Galician romanticist writer and poet.
Ruth is an impact crater on Venus.
Sabina von Steinbach was – according to legend – a female stonemason living in Alsace (in what is now eastern France) during the 13th century.
The Samoyedic or Samoyed languages are spoken on both sides of the Ural mountains, in northernmost Eurasia, by approximately 25,000 people altogether.
Sarah Bernhardt (22 or 23 October 1844 – 26 March 1923) was a French stage actress who starred in some of the most popular French plays of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including La Dame Aux Camelias by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', Ruy Blas by Victor Hugo, Fédora and La Tosca by Victorien Sardou, and L'Aiglon by Edmond Rostand.
Sarah Moore Grimké (November 26, 1792 – December 23, 1873) was an American abolitionist, writer, and member of the women's suffrage movement.
Sarah Whiting is a design principal of WW Architecture and is the Dean of Rice University's School of Architecture.
Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (born Thocmentony, meaning "Shell Flower; also seen as "Tocmetone" in Northern Paiute; – October 16, 1891) was a Northern Paiute author, activist and educator.
Sarra Dmitrievna Lebedeva (December 11 (23), 1892 – March 7, 1967) was a Soviet sculptor, mainly of portraits, but also of statuettes, figures for porcelain and delft ware.
Saskia van Uylenburgh (2 August 1612 – 14 June 1642) was the wife of painter Rembrandt van Rijn.
Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf (20 November 1858 – 16 March 1940) was a Swedish author and teacher.
Serbo-Croatian, also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.
Sibylle Aimée Marie-Antoinette Gabrielle de Riquetti de Mirabeau, Comtesse de Martel de Janville (16 August 1849 – 28 June 1932) was a French writer who wrote under the pseudonym Gyp.
Sidnie Milana Manton, FRS (4 May 1902 – 2 January 1979) was a British entomologist.
Sigrid Undset (20 May 1882 – 10 June 1949) was a Norwegian novelist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928.
Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir (or;; 9 January 1908 – 14 April 1986) was a French writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist.
Simone Weil (3 February 1909 – 24 August 1943) was a French philosopher, mystic, and political activist. The mathematician Andre Weil was her brother. After her graduation from formal education, Weil became a teacher. She taught intermittently throughout the 1930s, taking several breaks due to poor health and to devote herself to political activism, work that would see her assisting in the trade union movement, taking the side of the Anarchists known as the Durruti Column in the Spanish Civil War, and spending more than a year working as a labourer, mostly in auto factories, so she could better understand the working class. Taking a path that was unusual among twentieth-century left-leaning intellectuals, she became more religious and inclined towards mysticism as her life progressed. Weil wrote throughout her life, though most of her writings did not attract much attention until after her death. In the 1950s and 1960s, her work became famous in continental Europe and throughout the English-speaking world. Her thought has continued to be the subject of extensive scholarship across a wide range of fields. A meta study from the University of Calgary found that between 1995 and 2012 over 2,500 new scholarly works had been published about her. Albert Camus described her as "the only great spirit of our times".
The Sioux also known as Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America.
Sioux is a Siouan language spoken by over 30,000 Sioux in the United States and Canada, making it the fifth most spoken indigenous language in the United States or Canada, behind Navajo, Cree, Inuit languages and Ojibwe.
Socrates (Sōkrátēs,; – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.
Sojourner Truth (born Isabella (Belle) Baumfree; – November 26, 1883) was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
Sonja Henie (8 April 1912 – 12 October 1969) was a Norwegian figure skater and film star.
Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake (21 January 1840 – 7 January 1912) was an English physician, teacher and feminist.
Marie-Sophie Germain (1 April 1776 – 27 June 1831) was a French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stephania is a crater on Venus in the northern Sedna Planitia.
Susan Keating Glaspell (July 1, 1876 – July 28, 1948) was an American playwright, novelist, journalist and actress. With her husband George Cram Cook she founded the Provincetown Players, the first modern American theatre company. During the Great Depression, she served in the Works Progress Administration as Midwest Bureau Director of the Federal Theater Project. Glaspell is known to have composed nine novels, fifteen plays, over fifty short stories, and one biography. Often set in her native Midwest, these semi-autobiographical tales typically explore contemporary social issues, such as gender, ethics, and dissent, while featuring deep, sympathetic characters who make principled stands. Her 1930 play Alison's House earned her the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Although she was a best-selling author in her own time, Glaspell's stories fell out of print after her death. She was noted primarily for discovering playwright Eugene O'Neill. Critical reassessment of women's contributions since the late 20th century has led to renewed interest in her career. In the early 21st century she is today recognized as a pioneering feminist writer and America's first important modern female playwright.Ben-Zvi, Linda (2005). Susan Glaspell: Her Life and Times. Oxford University Press, second cover Her one-act play Trifles (1916) is frequently cited as one of the greatest works of American theatre. She remains, according to Britain's leading theatre critic Michael Billington, "American drama's best-kept secret.".
Susanna Centlivre (c. 1667–1670 – 1 December 1723), born Susanna Freeman and also known professionally as Susanna Carroll, was an English poet, actress, and "the most successful female playwright of the eighteenth century".
Suzanne Valadon (23 September 18657 April 1938) was a French painter and artists' model who was born Marie-Clémentine Valadon at Bessines-sur-Gartempe, Haute-Vienne, France.
Taíno is an extinct and poorly-attested Arawakan language that was spoken by the Taíno people of the Caribbean.
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilans, or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.
Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell (September 7, 1900August 30, 1985) was an Anglo-American novelist and prolific author of popular fiction, also known by the pen names Marcus Holland and Max Reiner, and by her married name of J. Miriam Reback.
Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska (1829/1834 – 29 September 1861) was a Polish composer.
María Teresa Carreño García de Sena (22 December 185312 June 1917) was a Venezuelan pianist, singer, composer, and conductor.
Tethys (or Saturn III) is a mid-sized moon of Saturn about across.
Johanna Gabrielle Ottilie "Tilly" Edinger (13 November 1897 – 27 May 1967) was a German-American paleontologist and the founder of paleoneurology.
Toby "Winema" Riddle (1848–1920) was a Modoc woman who served as an interpreter in negotiations between the Native American Modoc tribe and the United States Army during the Modoc War (also called the Lava Beds War).
Tonita Peña (born May 10, 1893 in San Ildefonso – died September 9, 1949 in Santo Domingo Pueblo) born as Quah Ah (meaning white coral beads) but also used the name Tonita Vigil Peña and María Antonia Tonita Peña.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Tuvan (Tuvan: Тыва дыл, Tıwa dıl; tʰɯˈʋa tɯl), also known as Tuvinian, Tyvan or Tuvin, is a Turkic language spoken in the Republic of Tuva in south-central Siberia in Russia.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
University Park is a town in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.
Valeria Vladimirovna Barsova (Astrakhan, 13 June 1892 – Sochi, 13 December 1967), PAU, was a Russian operatic soprano, one of the leading lyric-coloratura sopranos of the first half of the 20th century in Russia.
Varvara Kashevarova Rudneva (1844–1899), was a Russian physician.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.
Vera Fedorovna Gaze (Вера Фёдоровна Газе; 29 December 1899 – 3 October 1954) was a Russian astronomer who studied emission nebula and minor planets.
Vera Ignatyevna Mukhina (Ве́ра Игна́тьевна Му́хина; Vera Muhina; – 6 October 1953) was a prominent Soviet sculptor.
Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 188228 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device.
Wanda is a crater in the Akna Montes on Venus first mapped first by the Soviet Venera 15/16 mission in 1984.
Wanda Aleksandra Landowska (5 July 1879 – 16 August 1959) was a Polish-French harpsichordist whose performances, teaching, recordings and writings played a large role in reviving the popularity of the harpsichord in the early 20th century.
Wang Zhenyi (born November 30, 1924) is a Chinese pathophysiologist, hematologist, and a professor emeritus of Medicine and Pathophysiology at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU).
The Washoe are a Great Basin tribe of Native Americans, living near Lake Tahoe at the border between California and Nevada.
Wheatley is a crater on Venus at latitude 16.6, longitude 268 in Asteria Regio.
Willa Sibert Cather (December 7, 1873 Cather's birth date is confirmed by a birth certificate and a January 22, 1874, letter of her father's referring to her. While working at McClure's Magazine, Cather claimed to be born in 1875. After 1920, she claimed 1876 as her birth year. That is the date carved into her gravestone at Jaffrey, New Hampshire. – April 24, 1947 Retrieved March 11, 2015.) was an American writer who achieved recognition for her novels of frontier life on the Great Plains, including O Pioneers! (1913), The Song of the Lark (1915), and My Ántonia (1918).
Wilma Neruda, Lady Hallé, originally Wilhelmine Maria Franziska Neruda (21 March 1838 – 15 April 1911) was a Moravian violinist.
Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people.
Wrexie Leonard (September 15, 1867 – November 9, 1937), also known as Louise Leonard, was an American astronomer who worked as an assistant to Percival Lowell and published her observations of Mars.
Wu Zetian (624 December16, 705),Paludan, 100 alternatively named Wu Zhao, Wu Hou, and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, also referred to in English as Empress Consort Wu or by the deprecated term "Empress Wu", was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as empress consort and empress dowager and later, officially as empress regnant (皇帝) during the brief Zhou dynasty (周, 684–705), which interrupted the Tang dynasty (618–690 & 705–907).
Xanthippe (Ξανθίππη,; 5th – 4th century BCE) was an ancient Athenian, the wife of Socrates and mother of their three sons: Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus.
Xiao Hong or Hsiao Hung (2 June 1911 – 22 January 1942) was a Chinese writer.
Xue Tao (768–831), courtesy name Hongdu (洪度/宏度) was a Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty.
Yablochkina is an impact crater on Venus.
Princess Yekaterina Romanovna Vorontsova-Dashkova (Екатери́на Рома́новна Воронцо́ва-Да́шкова; 28 March 1743 – 15 January 1810) was the closest female friend of Empress Catherine the Great and a major figure of the Russian Enlightenment.
Yelena Dmitrievna Polenova (Russian: Елена Дмитриевна Поленова; 15 November 1850, Saint Petersburg - 7 November 1898, Moscow) was a Russian painter and graphic artist in the Art Nouveau style.
Yevgenia Yakovlevna Bugoslavskaya (21 December 1899 – 30 May 1960) was a Soviet era Russian astronomer.
(7 December 1878 – 29 May 1942) was the pen-name of a Japanese author, poet, pioneering feminist, pacifist, and social reformer, active in the late Meiji period as well as the Taishō and early Shōwa periods of Japan.
was a physician and women's rights activist.
Yvette Guilbert (20 January 1865 – 3 February 1944) was a French cabaret singer and actress of the Belle Époque.
Septimia Zenobia (Palmyrene: (Btzby), pronounced Bat-Zabbai; 240 – c. 274 AD) was a third-century queen of the Syria-based Palmyrene Empire.
Zhu Shuzhen (1135 – 1180) was a Chinese poet who lived during the Song dynasty.
Zinaïda Mikolaïevna Aksentieva (June 25, 1900 – April 8, 1969) was a Ukrainian/Soviet astronomer.
Zitkála-Šá (1876–1938) (Lakota: Red Bird), also known by the missionary-given and later married name Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, was a Sioux (Yankton Dakota) writer, editor, musician, teacher, and political activist.
Zofia Nałkowska (Warsaw, Congress Poland, 10 November 1884 – 17 December 1954, Warsaw) was a Polish prose writer, dramatist, and prolific essayist.
Zofia Oleśnicka (Pieskowa Skała ? - c.1567) was a Polish Calvinist noblewoman, for many years considered to be the first Polish woman poet for a collection of Protestant hymns published in Cracow in 1556.
Zora Neale Hurston (January 7, 1891 – January 28, 1960) was an influential author of African-American literature and anthropologist, who portrayed racial struggles in the early 20th century American South, and published research on Haitian voodoo.
Vesta, minor-planet designation 4 Vesta, is one of the largest objects in the asteroid belt, with a mean diameter of.