364 relations: Aérospatiale Ludion, Acme Sierra, Adaridi AD 3, AEA Silver Dart, Aerobee, Aeroelasticity, Aerojet General X-8, Airco DH.9, Akaflieg Berlin B9, Akaflieg Darmstadt/Akaflieg München DM1, Ambrosini Sagittario, Ambrosini SS.4, Antonov A-40, Armstrong Whitworth A.W.52, Armstrong Whitworth Ape, Arsenal O.101, Arsenal VG 70, Arsenal-Delanne 10, AstroFlight Sunrise, Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility, Avro 707, Avro Ashton, Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar, Avro Tudor, Avro Vulcan, Ball-Bartoe Jetwing, Bartini Beriev VVA-14, Bartini Stal-6, Baumgartl PB-60, Baynes Bat, Bell 533, Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey, Bell D-292, Bell Model 65, Bell P-63 Kingcobra, Bell UH-1 Iroquois, Bell X-1, Bell X-14, Bell X-2, Bell X-22, Bell X-5, Bell X-9 Shrike, Bell XV-15, Bensen B-8, Birdman Project 102, Blackburn B-20, Blohm & Voss BV 238, Boeing B-47 Stratojet, Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar, Boeing X-32, ..., Boeing X-37, Boeing X-40, Boeing X-45, Boeing X-46, Boeing X-48, Boeing X-50 Dragonfly, Boeing X-51 Waverider, Boeing X-53 Active Aeroelastic Wing, Bossi-Bonomi Pedaliante, Boulton Paul P.111, Boulton Paul P.120, Boulton Paul P.6, Boulton Paul P.92, Breguet-Dorand Gyroplane Laboratoire, Breguet-Richet Gyroplane, Bristol 188, Bristol Type 138, British Aerospace EAP, Budd BB-1 Pioneer, Burnelli RB-1, Canadair CL-84, Caproni Campini N.1, Chizhevski BOK-1, Chizhevski BOK-5, Chrysler VZ-6, Chu Hummingbird, Chyeranovskii BICh-11, Chyeranovskii BICh-16, Chyeranovskii BICh-18, Chyeranovskii BICh-3, Cierva C.4, Cierva C.6, Cierva W.9, Closed wing, Convair NB-36H, Convair X-6, Curtiss-Wright VZ-7, Curtiss-Wright X-19, Custer Channel Wing, DARPA Falcon Project, Dassault Balzac V, Dassault LOGIDUC, Dassault Mirage G, Dassault Mirage III, Dassault Mirage IIIV, Dassault nEUROn, Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet, De Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo, De Havilland DH 108, DFS 194, DFS 346, Doak VZ-4, Dornier Do 29, Dornier Do 31, Dornier Do 335, Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak, Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket, Douglas X-3 Stiletto, EcoDemonstrator, English Electric Lightning, EWR VJ 101, Experimental aircraft, Fairchild VZ-5, Fairey Delta 1, Fairey Delta 2, Fairey Jet Gyrodyne, Farman F.1010, Farman F.1020, Farrar LSG-1 Bird Flight Machine, Fieseler Fi 158, Flettner airplane, Flettner Fl 185, Flying submarine, FMA I.Ae. 37, Focke-Wulf F 19, Focke-Wulf Fw 61, Fokker V.1, Folland Fo.108, Fouga CM.88 Gemeaux, Future Aircraft Technology Enhancements, GAF Jindivik, Gasuden Koken, Gérin 1936 Varivol biplane, Göppingen Gö 9, General Aircraft GAL.56, General Dynamics F-16 VISTA, General Dynamics F-16XL, Gloster E.28/39, Gloster Meteor, Gloster Meteor F8 "Prone Pilot", Gotha G.VI, Gotha Go 147, Grigorovich I-Z, Ground effect vehicle, Grumman G-21 Goose, Grumman X-29, Gulfstream X-54, Gyrodyne, Hafner A.R.III Gyroplane, Handiwork 181, Handley Page H.P.20, Handley Page HP.115, Handley Page HP.88, Handley Page Manx, Handley Page Victor, Hanriot HD.28, Hawker Hunter, Hawker P.1052, Hawker P.1072, Hawker Siddeley Harrier, Hawker Siddeley P.1127, Heinkel He 119, Heinkel He 176, Heinkel He 178, Hiller VZ-1 Pawnee, Hiller X-18, Hillson Bi-mono, Honda MH02, Horten H.III, Horten H.IV, Horten H.VI, Hunting H.126, Hurel-Dubois HD.10, International Space Station, Johns Multiplane, Joint Strike Fighter program, Jona J-6, Junkers EF 61, Junkers J 1, Junkers Ju 49, Kaman K-16B, Kaman K-225, Kawasaki Ki-78, Kayaba Ku-2, Kayaba Ku-3, Kayaba Ku-4, Kimura HK-1, Kyushu J7W, Leduc 0.10, Leduc 0.21, Lippisch Delta IV, Lippisch Ente, Lippisch P.13a, List of German aircraft projects, 1939–45, Lockheed Altair, Lockheed CL-1200 Lancer, Lockheed Have Blue, Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, Lockheed Martin X-33, Lockheed Martin X-35, Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA, Lockheed Martin X-55, Lockheed Martin X-56, Lockheed Vega, Lockheed X-17, Lockheed X-7, Lockheed XC-35, Lockheed XV-4 Hummingbird, LTV XC-142, Lualdi-Tassotti ES 53, MacCready Gossamer Albatross, MacCready Gossamer Condor, Magnus effect, Makhonine Mak-10, Marsden Gemini, Martin B-26 Marauder, Martin Marietta X-24, Martin PBM Mariner, Martin X-23 PRIME, McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, McDonnell Douglas X-36, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet, Messerschmitt P.1101, Mikoyan Project 1.44, Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8, Miles Falcon, Miles M.30, Miles M.35 Libellula, Miles M.39B Libellula, Miles M.52, Mitsubishi RP-1, NASA AD-1, NASA ERAST Program, NASA Hyper III, NASA M2-F1, NASA Pathfinder, NASA X-38, NASA X-43, NIAI RK, NIAI RK-I, Nikitin PSN-2, Nikitin-Shevchenko IS, Nord 1500 Griffon, Nord 1601, Nord Aviation N 500 Cadet, Nord Gerfaut, North American X-10, North American X-15, Northrop Grumman X-47A Pegasus, Northrop HL-10, Northrop M2-F2, Northrop M2-F3, Northrop N-1M, Northrop N-9M, Northrop Tacit Blue, Northrop X-21, Northrop X-4 Bantam, Northrop YB-35, NRC tailless glider, Opel RAK.1, Orbital Sciences X-34, Osprey Osprey I, Parnall Parasol, Parnall Peto, Parnall Prawn, Payen Pa 49, Payen PA-22, Piaggio P.111, Piasecki PV-2, Piasecki VZ-8 Airgeep, Piasecki X-49, Potez-CAMS 160, Power Jets, Reid and Sigrist R.S.3, Republic XF-84H Thunderscreech, Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor, RFB X-113, RFB X-114, Robin X4, Rockwell HiMAT, Rockwell X-30, Rockwell-MBB X-31, Rolls-Royce Dart, Rolls-Royce Thrust Measuring Rig, Rotary Rocket, Ryan VZ-3 Vertiplane, Ryan X-13 Vertijet, Ryan XV-5 Vertifan, Saab 210, Saab 32 Lansen, Saab 35 Draken, Saab 91 Safir, Sack AS-6, Saro Shrimp, Saunders-Roe SR.177, Saunders-Roe SR.53, Sawyer Skyjacker II, Scaled Composites Proteus, Schweizer SGS 1-29, Schweizer X-26 Frigate, Shaped Sonic Boom Demonstration, Shin Meiwa US-1A, Short Cockle, Short Mayo Composite, Short Mussel, Short S.6 Sturgeon, Short SB.1, Short SB.4 Sherpa, Short SB.5, Short SC.1, Short Silver Streak, Short Springbok, Short Stirling, Sikorsky S-69, Sikorsky S-72, Sikorsky S-75, Sikorsky S-76, SM-65 Atlas, SM-65A Atlas, SM-65B Atlas, SNCAC NC.130, SNCASE SE-1210, SNCASO Farfadet, SNECMA Atar Volant, SNECMA Coléoptère, Solar Impulse, Stinson L-1 Vigilant, Stipa-Caproni, Sud-Ouest Ariel, Sud-Ouest Triton, Sukhoi Su-15, Sukhoi Su-27, Sukhoi Su-47, Sukhoi T-4, Supermarine 525, Supermarine Scimitar, Thrust vectoring, Tiltrotor, Travel Air 2000, Tsybin RSR, Tupolev ANT-20, Tupolev Tu-95LAL, United States Department of Energy, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Unmanned combat aerial vehicle, UTIAS Ornithopter No.1, VentureStar, Vertol VZ-2, VFW VAK 191B, Vickers VC.1 Viking, Vought V-173, Vought XF5U, Vought-Sikorsky VS-300, VTOL, Westland-Hill Pterodactyl, X-41 Common Aero Vehicle, X-42 Pop-Up Upper Stage, Yakovlev AIR-3, Yakovlev Yak-1000, Yakovlev Yak-36, Youngman-Baynes High Lift, Zveno project. 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The Sud Aviation/Aérospatiale SA-610 Ludion (Ludion - Cadet) was a tiny, unorthodox VTOL aircraft demonstrated at the 1967 Paris Air Show.
The Acme Aircraft Co S-1 Sierra was an experimental aircraft of unusual configuration built in the US in 1948 to investigate the advantages of a pusher propeller configuration.
Adaridi AD 3 was a wooden aircraft designed by the Russian engineer Boris Adaridin, who lived in Finland.
The Silver Dart (or Aerodrome #4) was a derivative of an early aircraft built by a Canadian/U.S. team, which after many successful flights in Hammondsport, New York, earlier in 1908, was dismantled and shipped to Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
The Aerobee rocket was a small (8 m) unguided suborbital sounding rocket used for high atmospheric and cosmic radiation research in the United States in the 1950s.
Aeroelasticity is the branch of physics and engineering that studies the interactions between the inertial, elastic, and aerodynamic forces that occur when an elastic body is exposed to a fluid flow.
The Aerojet General X-8 was an unguided, spin-stabilized sounding rocket designed to launch a payload to.
The Airco DH.9 (from de Havilland 9) – also known after 1920 as the de Havilland DH.9 – was a British single-engined biplane bomber developed and deployed during the First World War.
The Akaflieg Berlin B 9 was a twin-engined experimental aircraft, developed by Akaflieg Berlin and Flugtechnische Fachgruppe in the 1940s.
The Akaflieg Darmstadt/Akaflieg München DM1 was a single-seat research glider that was designed and built in Germany from 1944.
The Ambrosini Sagittario was an Italian aerodynamic research aircraft based on the manufacturer's S.7.
The SAI-Ambrosini SS.4 was an Italian fighter prototype developed in the late 1930s, featuring a canard-style wing layout and a 'pusher' propeller.
The Antonov A-40 Krylya Tanka (крылья танка, meaning "tank wings") was a Soviet attempt to allow a tank to glide onto a battlefield after being towed aloft by an airplane, to support airborne forces or partisans.
The Armstrong Whitworth A.W.52 was a British flying wing aircraft design of the late 1940s for research into a proposed flying wing jet airliner.
The Ape was a British biplane experimental aeroplane built by Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft in the early 1920s and first flown on 5 January 1926 to "answer all the questions of aerodynamics.".
The Arsenal O.101 was a French research aircraft that flew shortly after World War II.
The Arsenal VG 70 was a research aircraft flown in France shortly after World War II to assist development of high-speed jet fighters.
The Arsenal-Delanne 10 was an experimental fighter aircraft of French origin.
The AstroFlight Sunrise was an unmanned experimental electric aircraft technology demonstrator and the first aircraft to fly on solar power.
The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM Climate Research Facility) is a United States Department of Energy scientific user facility for the study of global climate change by the national and international research community.
The Avro 707 (also known as Type 707) is a British experimental aircraft built to test the tailless thick delta wing configuration chosen for the Avro 698 jet bomber, later named the Vulcan.
The Avro 706 Ashton was a British prototype jet airliner made by Avro during the 1950s.
The Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar was a VTOL aircraft developed by Avro Canada as part of a secret U.S. military project carried out in the early years of the Cold War.
The Avro Type 688 Tudor was a British piston-engined airliner based on Avro's four-engine Lincoln bomber, itself a descendant of the famous Lancaster heavy bomber, and was Britain's first pressurised airliner.
The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered tailless delta wing high-altitude strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984.
The Ball-Bartoe JW-1 Jetwing was a US research aircraft flown in the 1970s to investigate blown wing technology.
The Bartini Beriev VVA-14 Vertikal`no-Vzletayuschaya Amphibia (vertical take-off amphibious aircraft) was a wing-in-ground-effect aircraft developed in the Soviet Union during the 1970s.
The Bartini Stal-6, was a single-engined experimental aircraft designed, built and tested in the USSR from 1930.
The Baumgärtl PB-60 was a 1940s experimental single-seat rotor kite designed and built by Austrian designer Paul Baumgartl for the Brazilian Air Ministry.
The Baynes Bat (or sometimes Slingsby-Baynes Bat) was an experimental glider of the Second World War, designed by L. E. Baynes.
The Bell 533 was a research helicopter built by Bell Helicopter under contract with the United States Army during the 1960s, to explore the limits and conditions experienced by helicopter rotors at high airspeeds.
The Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey is an American multi-mission, tiltrotor military aircraft with both vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL), and short takeoff and landing (STOL) capabilities.
The Bell D-292 was an American experimental helicopter developed by Bell Helicopters for the United States Army Advanced Composite Airframe Program (ACAP), as part of the studies involved in the Light Helicopter Experimental (LHX) program.
The Bell Model 65 Air Test Vehicle (ATV) was an experimental tiltjet VTOL aircraft built by Bell using parts from a number of commercial aircraft.
The Bell P-63 Kingcobra is an American fighter aircraft developed by Bell Aircraft in World War II from the Bell P-39 Airacobra in an attempt to correct that aircraft's deficiencies.
The Bell UH-1 Iroquois (nicknamed "Huey") is a utility military helicopter powered by a single turboshaft engine, with two-blade main and tail rotors.
The Bell X-1 was a rocket engine–powered aircraft, designated originally as the XS-1, and was a joint National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics–U.S. Army Air Forces–U.S. Air Force supersonic research project built by Bell Aircraft.
The Bell X-14 (Bell Type 68) was an experimental VTOL aircraft flown in the United States in the 1950s.
The Bell X-2 (nicknamed "Starbuster") was an X-plane research aircraft built to investigate flight characteristics in the Mach 2–3 range.
The Bell X-22 was an American V/STOL X-plane with four tilting ducted fans.
The Bell X-5 was the first aircraft capable of changing the sweep of its wings in flight.
The Bell X-9 Shrike was a prototype surface-to-air, liquid-fueled guided missile designed by Bell Aircraft as a testbed for the nuclear-armed GAM-63 RASCAL.
The Bell XV-15 is an American tiltrotor VTOL aircraft.
The Bensen B-8 is a small, single-seat autogyro developed in the United States in the 1950s.
The Birdman Project 102, also known as Windsoar, was an experimental high wing, single engine, pod-and-boom, conventional landing gear-equipped, ultralight motor glider originally intended for production by Birdman Enterprises.
The Blackburn B-20 was an experimental aircraft, first flying in 1940, that attempted to drastically increase the performance of flying boat designs.
The Blohm & Voss BV 238 was a German flying boat built during World War II.
The Boeing B-47 Stratojet (company Model 450) is an American long range, six-engine, turbojet-powered strategic bomber designed to fly at high subsonic speed and at high altitude to avoid enemy interceptor aircraft.
The Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar ("Dynamic Soarer") was a United States Air Force (USAF) program to develop a spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions, including aerial reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and as a space interceptor to sabotage enemy satellites.
The Boeing X-32 was a concept demonstrator aircraft in the Joint Strike Fighter contest.
The Boeing X-37, also known as the Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV), is a reusable uncrewed spacecraft.
The Boeing X-40A Space Maneuver Vehicle was a test platform for the X-37 Future-X Reusable Launch Vehicle.
The Boeing X-45 unmanned combat air vehicle is a concept demonstrator for a next generation of completely autonomous military aircraft, developed by Boeing's Phantom Works.
The Boeing X-46 was a proposed unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) that was to be developed in conjunction with the U.S. Navy and DARPA as a naval carrier-based variant of the Boeing X-45 UCAV being developed for the U.S. Air Force.
The Boeing X-48 is an American experimental unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) built to investigate the characteristics of blended wing body (BWB) aircraft, a type of flying wing.
The Boeing X-50A Dragonfly, formerly known as the Canard Rotor/Wing Demonstrator, was a VTOL rotor wing experimental unmanned aerial vehicle that was developed by Boeing and DARPA to demonstrate the principle that a helicopter's rotor could be stopped in flight and act as a fixed wing, enabling it to transition between fixed-wing and rotary-wing flight.
The Boeing X-51 Waverider is an unmanned research scramjet experimental aircraft for hypersonic flight at and an altitude of.
The X-53 Active Aeroelastic Wing (AAW) development program is a completed American research project that was undertaken jointly by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Boeing Phantom Works and NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, where the technology was flight tested on a modified McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet.
The Pedaliante (Italian for "Pedal Glider") was a human-powered aircraft designed and built by Enea Bossi and Vittorio Bonomi and credited with, in 1936, making one of the first fully human-powered flights.
The Boulton Paul P.111 (also called BP.111) is a British experimental aircraft of the 1950s designed to explore the characteristics of tailless deltas.
The Boulton Paul P.120 was a British research aircraft produced to investigate delta-wing aerodynamics in the early 1950s.
The Boulton & Paul P.6 was a one-off conventional single-engined biplane built by Boulton & Paul Ltd to test the aerodynamics of different airfoil sections.
The Boulton Paul P.92 was a British design by Boulton Paul for a two-seat turret-armed fighter/ground attack aircraft to meet Air Ministry Specification F.11/37.
The Gyroplane Laboratoire was an early helicopter.
The Breguet-Richet Gyroplane was an early French experimental quadcopter rotary-wing aircraft developed by Breguet Aviation.
The Bristol 188 is a British supersonic research aircraft built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in the 1950s.
The Bristol Type 138 High Altitude Monoplane was a British high-altitude research aircraft developed and produced by the Bristol Aeroplane Company during the 1930s.
The British Aerospace EAP (for Experimental Aircraft Programme) was a British technology demonstrator aircraft developed as a private venture in the 1980s and which eventually formed the basis for the Eurofighter Typhoon.
The Budd BB-1 Pioneer was an experimental United States flying boat of the 1930s utilizing the Savoia-Marchetti S.56 design.
The Burnelli RB-1 was a US twin engine biplane airliner prototype from 1920, incorporating a lifting body fuselage.
The Canadair CL-84 "Dynavert", designated by the Canadian Forces as the CX-131, was a V/STOL turbine tiltwing monoplane designed and manufactured by Canadair between 1964 and 1972.
The Caproni Campini N.1, also known as the C.C.2, was an experimental jet aircraft built in the 1930s by Italian aircraft manufacturer Caproni.
The BOK-1 (Byuro Osobykh Konstrooktsiy - bureau of special design), (a.k.a. SS (Stratosfernii Samolyet – stratospheric aircraft)), was an experimental high-altitude aircraft designed and built in the USSR from.
The BOK-5 (Byuro Osobykh Konstrooktsiy - bureau of special design) was a tail-less research aircraft designed and built in the USSR from.
The Chrysler VZ-6 was an American VTOL ducted-fan test vehicle designed and built by Chrysler for the United States Army Flying Jeep competition.
The Chu Hummingbird was an experimental co-axial helicopter developed by Chinese aviation engineer Major General C.J. Chu (朱家仁) in China during the 1940s in two versions, designated the Model A and Model B. Model A was a single seat double rotor test craft used for static (non-flying) test and made its debut in 1945.
The BICh-11 (a.k.a. RP-1) (Raketnyii Planer – rocket glider) was a twin-engined tailless research aircraft designed and built in the USSR from.
The Chyeranovskii BICh-16 (or sometimes Cheranovsky BICh-16) is an experimental Soviet man-powered ornithopter designed and built by Boris Ivanovich Cheranovsky.
The Chyeranovskii BICh-18 Muskulyot (or sometimes Cheranovsky BICh-18) is an experimental Soviet man-powered ornithopter designed and built by Boris Ivanovich Cheranovsky.
The BICh-3 (БИЧ-3) was a tail-less research aircraft designed and built in the USSR from.
The Cierva C.4 was an experimental autogyro built by Juan de la Cierva in Spain in 1922 which early the following year became the first autogyro to fly successfully.
The Cierva C.6 was the sixth autogyro designed by engineer Juan de la Cierva, and the first one to travel a "major" distance.
The Cierva W.9 was a British 1940s experimental helicopter with a three-blade tilting-hub controlled main rotor, and torque compensation achieved using a jet of air discharged from the rear port side of the fuselage.
A closed wing is a non-planar wing that closes back on itself, so that there are no wing tips.
The Convair NB-36H was a bomber that carried a nuclear reactor.
The Convair X-6 was a proposed experimental aircraft project to develop and evaluate a nuclear-powered jet aircraft.
The Curtiss-Wright VZ-7 (also known as the VZ-7AP) was a VTOL quadrotor helicopter aircraft designed by the Curtiss-Wright company for the US Army.
The Curtiss-Wright X-19 was an American experimental VTOL tilt propeller airplane of the early 1960s.
The Custer Channel Wing was a series of American-built experimental aircraft designs of the 1940s and 1950s incorporating a half-barrel shaped section to each wing.
The DARPA Falcon Project (Force Application and Launch from CONtinental United States) is a two-part joint project between the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the United States Air Force (USAF) and is part of Prompt Global Strike.
The Dassault Balzac V was a French vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) testbed of the early 1960s.
The Dassault LOGIDUC – sometimes spelled Logiduc in French and LogiDuc in English – (Logique de Développement d'UCAV, French for "Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle development solution") was an autonomous industrial program launched in 1999 by the French aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation in view to develop its UAV design capacities.
The Dassault Mirage G was a French two-seat twinjet variable-geometry prototype fighter, built by Dassault Aviation in the late 1960s.
The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Mirage IIIV, also spelled Mirage III V, was a French vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) prototype fighter aircraft of the mid-1960s developed and produced by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault nEUROn is an experimental unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) being developed with international cooperation, led by the French company Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet is a light attack jet and advanced jet trainer co-manufactured by Dassault Aviation of France and Dornier Flugzeugwerke of Germany.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo is a short takeoff and landing (STOL) utility transport turboprop aircraft developed from the earlier piston-powered DHC-4 Caribou.
The de Havilland DH 108 "Swallow" was a British experimental aircraft designed by John Carver Meadows Frost in October 1945.
The DFS 194 was a rocket-powered aircraft designed by Alexander Lippisch at the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS - "German Institute for Sailplane Flight").
The DFS 346 (Samolyot 346) was a German rocket-powered swept-wing vehicle subsequently completed and flown (with indifferent success) in the Soviet Union after World War II.
The Doak VZ-4 (or Doak Model 16) was an American prototype Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL) aircraft built in the 1950s for service in the United States Army.
The Dornier Do 29 was an experimental aircraft developed by Dornier Flugzeugwerke and the Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt (German Aviation Laboratory) in the 1950s, used to test a tilting-propeller system for short takeoff and landing (STOL) aircraft.
The Dornier Do 31 was a West German experimental VTOL jet transport built by Dornier.
The Dornier Do 335 Pfeil ("Arrow") was a World War II heavy fighter built by the Dornier company.
The Douglas Skystreak (D-558-1 or D-558-I) was an American single-engine jet research aircraft of the 1940s.
The Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (or D-558-II) was a rocket and jet-powered supersonic research aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the United States Navy.
The Douglas X-3 Stiletto was a 1950s United States experimental jet aircraft with a slender fuselage and a long tapered nose, manufactured by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
The ecoDemonstrator Program is a flight test research program of aircraft company Boeing, which has used a series of specially modified aircraft to develop and test aviation technologies designed to improve fuel economy and reduce the noise and ecological footprint of airliners.
The English Electric Lightning is a supersonic fighter aircraft of the Cold War era.
The EWR VJ 101 was an experimental German jet fighter vertical takeoff/landing (VTOL) tiltjet aircraft.
An experimental aircraft is an aircraft that has not yet been fully proven in flight.
The Fairchild VZ-5 (or Model M-224-1) was a 1950s American experimental VTOL research aircraft built by Fairchild Aircraft for the United States Army.
The Fairey Delta 1 (FD1) was a British research aircraft produced by the Fairey Aviation Company for investigation of delta wing flight characteristics and control at transonic speeds.
The Fairey Delta 2 or FD2 (internal designation Type V within Fairey) was a British supersonic research aircraft produced by the Fairey Aviation Company in response to a specification from the Ministry of Supply for a specialised aircraft for conducting investigations into flight and control at transonic and supersonic speeds.
The Fairey Jet Gyrodyne was a British experimental compound autogyro built by the Fairey Aviation Company that incorporated helicopter, gyrodyne and autogyro characteristics.
The Farman F.1010 was a small, low-wing, single-seat monoplane ordered by the French government in 1931 to test in flight a large-calibre cannon.
The Farman F.1020 was an experimental aircraft built in France in 1933 to investigate the behaviour of a semi-circular wing fitted with unconventional controls.
The Farrar LSG-1 Bird Flight Machine is an American, high-wing, V-tailed, single-seat, experimental research glider that was designed and built by Demetrius F. Farrar Jr. in 1969 for exploring aspects of bird flight.
The Fieseler Fi 158 was a civilian research aircraft designed and built in Germany from 1938.
A flettner airplane is a type of rotor airplane which uses a Flettner rotor to provide lift.
The Flettner Fl 185 was an experimental German gyrodyne developed by Anton Flettner, a machine which could fly both as a helicopter and as a gyroplane.
A flying submarine, submersible aircraft or aerosub is a combination of a seaplane and a submarine.
The FMA I.Ae.
The Focke-Wulf F 19 Ente (German: "Duck") was a German experimental "canard" aircraft in the late 1920s.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 61 is often considered the first practical, functional helicopter, first flown in 1936.
The Fokker V.1 was a small German sesquiplane experimental fighter prototype built in 1916 by the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Folland Fo.108, also known as the Folland 43/37 and by the nickname Folland Frightful (or Frightener), was a large monoplane engine testbed aircraft of the 1940s.
The Fouga CM.88 Gemeaux was a 1950s French engine test-bed aircraft produced by Fouga.
The Future Aircraft Technology Enhancements (FATE) program is a program to develop new technologies.
The GAF Jindivik is a target drone produced by the Australian Government Aircraft Factories (GAF).
The Gasuden Koken (also known as the) was a Japanese long-range research aircraft of the 1930s.
The Gerin Varivol was a 1930s French research aircraft designed and built by Jacques Gerin.
The Göppingen Gö 9 was a German research aircraft built to investigate the practicalities of powering a plane using a pusher propeller located far from the engine and turned by a long driveshaft.
The General Aircraft GAL.56 was a family of 1940s British experimental tailless swept wing glider designs.
The General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) F-16 VISTA ("Variable stability In-flight Simulator Test Aircraft") is an experimental aircraft, derived from the F-16 Fighting Falcon, which was modified as a joint venture between General Dynamics and Calspan for use by the USAF.
The General Dynamics F-16XL is a derivative of the F-16 Fighting Falcon, with a cranked-arrow delta wing.
The Gloster E.28/39, (also referred to as the Gloster Whittle, Gloster Pioneer, or Gloster G.40) was the first British jet-engined aircraft to fly, in 1941.
The Gloster Meteor was the first British jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft to achieve combat operations during the Second World War.
A much modified Gloster Meteor F8 fighter, the "prone position/prone pilot" Meteor, was used to evaluate the effects of acceleration/inertia-induced forces while flying in a prone position.
The Gotha G.VI was an experimental bomber aircraft designed and built in Germany during World War I.
The Gotha Go 147 was a German experimental prototype reconnaissance aircraft designed in 1936.
The Grigorovich I-Z was a fighter aircraft developed in the Soviet Union during the 1930s.
A ground-effect vehicle (GEV) is a vehicle that is designed to attain sustained flight over a level surface (usually over the sea) by making use of ground effect, the aerodynamic interaction between the wings and the surface.
The Grumman G-21 Goose is an amphibious aircraft designed by Grumman to serve as an eight-seat "commuter" aircraft for businessmen in the Long Island area.
The Grumman X-29 was an American experimental aircraft that tested a forward-swept wing, canard control surfaces, and other novel aircraft technologies.
The Gulfstream X-54 is a proposed research and demonstration aircraft, under development in the United States by Gulfstream Aerospace for NASA, that is planned for use in sonic boom and supersonic transport research.
A gyrodyne is a type of VTOL aircraft with a helicopter rotor-like system that is driven by its engine for takeoff and landing and also includes one or more conventional propellers to provide forward thrust during cruising flight.
The Hafner A.R.III Gyroplane was a British 1930s experimental autogyro designed by Austrian Raoul Hafner, and built by the A.R.III Construction Company at Denham, Buckinghamshire.
Handiwork 181 (Изделие 181), was a Soviet experimental aircraft, built by OKB Antonov in Kiev at the end of the 1980s.
The Handley Page H.P.20 was an experimental monoplane modification of a de Havilland DH.9A, built to study controllable slots and slotted ailerons as high lift devices.
The Handley Page HP.115 was a British delta wing research aircraft built by Handley Page to test the low-speed handling characteristics to be expected from a supersonic airliner of slender delta configuration.
The Handley Page HP.88 was a British research aircraft, built in the early 1950s for Handley Page to test the aerodynamics of the Victor crescent wing design, and was intended to be a scaled-down version of that aircraft.
The H.P. 75 Manx was a British experimental aircraft designed by Handley Page that flew test flights in the early 1940s.
The Handley Page Victor was a British jet-powered strategic bomber, developed and produced by the Handley Page Aircraft Company, which served during the Cold War.
The Hanriot HD.28 was a military trainer aircraft developed in France in the 1920s as a modernised version of the HD.14 for export markets.
The Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet-powered fighter aircraft that was developed by Hawker Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
The Hawker P.1052 was a British experimental aircraft built by Hawker Aircraft Limited for trials with swept wings.
The Hawker P.1072 was a 1949 experimental British aircraft acting as test bed for the Armstrong Siddeley Snarler rocket booster.
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, developed in the 1960s, was the first of the Harrier Jump Jet series of aircraft.
The Hawker P.1127 and the Hawker Siddeley Kestrel FGA.1 are the experimental and development aircraft that led to the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first vertical and/or short take-off and landing (V/STOL) jet fighter-bomber.
The Heinkel He 119 was an experimental single-propeller monoplane with two coupled engines, developed in Germany.
The Heinkel He 176 was a German rocket-powered aircraft.
The Heinkel He 178 was the world's first aircraft to fly under turbojet power, and the first practical jet aircraft.
The Hiller VZ-1 Pawnee (U.S. Army designation; earlier Army designation: HO-1) was a unique direct-lift rotor aircraft, using contra-rotating ducted fans for lift inside a platform upon which the single pilot shifted body weight for directional control.
The Hiller X-18 was an experimental cargo transport aircraft designed to be the first testbed for tiltwing and V/STOL (vertical/short takeoff and landing) technology.
The Hillson Bi-mono was a British experimental aircraft of the 1940s.
The Honda MH02 was an experimental business jet built by Honda, in cooperation with Mississippi State University, to research engine placement and composite construction.
The Horten H.III was a flying wing sailplane built by Walter and Reimar Horten in Germany from 1937 to 1944.
The Horten H.IV was a German tailless flying wing glider in which the pilot was to lie in a prone position to reduce the frontal area, and hence drag.
The Horten H.VI was a flying wing aircraft designed by the Horten brothers during World War II.
The Hunting H.126 was a British experimental aircraft designed and built by Hunting Aircraft in order to test the concept of blown flaps, or as they were known in Britain, "jet flaps".
The Hurel-Dubois HD.10 was a French research aircraft first flown in 1948 to investigate Maurice Hurel's ideas about high aspect ratio wings.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
The Johns Multiplane was a very large unsuccessful experimental aircraft having seven wings and six ailerons, powered by three Liberty L-12 V-12 aircraft engines.
Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) is a development and acquisition program intended to replace a wide range of existing fighter, strike, and ground attack aircraft for the United States, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Italy, Canada, Australia, the Netherlands and their allies.
The Jona J-6 was an experimental Italian sesquiplane built in 1936 to demonstrate a novel, tilting wing stabilisation system.
The Junkers EF 61 was a German prototype twin-engined high-altitude bomber aircraft of the 1930s.
The Junkers J 1, nicknamed the Blechesel ("Tin Donkey" or "Sheet Metal Donkey"), was an experimental monoplane aircraft developed by Junkers & Co.
The Junkers Ju 49 was a German aircraft designed to investigate high-altitude flight and the techniques of cabin pressurization.
The Kaman K-16B was an experimental vertical-takeoff-and-landing aircraft that was constructed by Kaman Aircraft for the United States Navy in 1959 to evaluate the tiltwing concept.
The Kaman K-225 was an experimental helicopter developed by Kaman Aircraft.
The Kawasaki Ki-78, originally given the designation KEN III (Kensan III - research III), was a high speed research aircraft, also intended to attempt breaking the World Absolute speed record.
The Kayaba Ku-2 (萱場 2型無尾翼滑空機) was a glider built in Japan in 1940 to investigate the possibilities of tailless aircraft.
The Kayaba Ku-3 was a glider built in Japan in 1941 to investigate the possibilities of tailless aircraft.
The Kayaba Ku-4 was a research aircraft built in Japan in 1940 to investigate the possibilities of tailless designs.
The Kimura HK-1 was a glider built in Japan in 1939 to investigate the possibilities of tailless aircraft.
The Kyūshū J7W1 Shinden (震電, "Magnificent Lightning") fighter was a World War II Japanese propeller-driven aircraft prototype with wings at the rear of the fuselage, a nose mounted canard, and pusher engine.
The Leduc 0.10 was a research aircraft built in France, one of the world's first aircraft to fly powered solely by a ramjet.
The Leduc 0.21 was a research aircraft built in France in 1953 to refine the practicalities of ramjet propulsion.
Alexander Lippisch's Delta IV was a continuation of his work on delta wing designs pioneered in his Delta I, Delta II and Delta III aircraft.
The Ente (duck) was the world’s first rocket-powered full-size aircraft.
The Lippisch P.13a was an experimental ramjet-powered delta wing interceptor aircraft designed in late 1944 by Dr. Alexander Lippisch for Nazi Germany.
The aircraft in this list include prototype versions of aircraft used by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and unfinished wartime experimental programmes.
The Lockheed Altair was a single-engined sport aircraft of the 1930s.
The Lockheed CL-1200 Lancer was a late 1960s company-funded proposal for an improved Lockheed F-104 Starfighter.
Lockheed Have Blue was the code name for Lockheed's proof of concept demonstrator that preceded the production F-117 Nighthawk stealth aircraft.
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
The Lockheed Martin X-33 was an unmanned, sub-scale technology demonstrator suborbital spaceplane developed in the 1990s under the U.S. government-funded Space Launch Initiative program.
The Lockheed Martin X-35 was a concept demonstrator aircraft (CDA) developed by Lockheed Martin for the Joint Strike Fighter program.
The Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA (Multi-Axis No-Tail Aircraft) was a conceptual aircraft design by Lockheed Martin that has been studied by NASA and the U.S. Air Force.
The Lockheed Martin X-55 Advanced Composite Cargo Aircraft (ACCA) is an experimental twinjet transport aircraft.
The Lockheed Martin X-56 is an American modular unmanned aerial vehicle that is being designed to explore High-Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) flight technologies for use in future military unmanned reconnaissance aircraft.
The Lockheed Vega is an American six-passenger high-wing monoplane airliner built by the Lockheed Corporation starting in 1927.
The Lockheed X-17 was a three-stage solid-fuel research rocket to test the effects of high mach atmospheric reentry.
The Lockheed X-7 (dubbed the "Flying Stove Pipe") was an American unmanned test bed of the 1950s for ramjet engines and missile guidance technology.
The Lockheed XC-35 is a twin-engine, experimental pressurized airplane.
The Lockheed XV-4 Hummingbird (originally designated VZ-10) was a U.S. Army project to demonstrate the feasibility of using VTOL for a surveillance aircraft carrying target-acquisition and sensory equipment.
The Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) XC-142 was a tri-service tiltwing experimental aircraft designed to investigate the operational suitability of vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) transports.
The Lualdi-Tassotti ES 53 was an Italian experimental helicopter designed by Carlo Lualdi around a Hiller-designed rotor system and a gyro stabiliser of his own design.
The Gossamer Albatross is a human-powered aircraft built by American aeronautical engineer Dr.
The MacCready Gossamer Condor was the first human-powered aircraft capable of controlled and sustained flight; as such, it won the Kremer prize in 1977.
The Magnus effect is an observable phenomenon that is commonly associated with a spinning object that drags air faster around one side, creating a difference in pressure that moves it in the direction of the lower-pressure side.
The Makhonine Mak-10, was a variable geometry research aircraft, built to investigate variable area / telescopic wings during 1931 in France.
The Marsden Gemini is a Canadian mid-wing, T-tailed, two-seats in side-by-side configuration, experimental research glider that was designed and constructed by Dr. David Marsden at the University of Alberta, first flying in 1973.
The Martin B-26 Marauder was an American World War II twin-engined medium bomber built by the Glenn L. Martin Company in Middle River, Maryland (just east of Baltimore) from 1941 to 1945.
The Martin Marietta X-24 was an American experimental aircraft developed from a joint United States Air Force-NASA program named PILOT (1963–1975).
The Martin PBM Mariner was an American patrol bomber flying boat of World War II and the early Cold War period.
The Martin X-23A PRIME (Precision Reentry Including Maneuvering reEntry) (SV-5D) was a small lifting-body re-entry vehicle tested by the United States Air Force in the mid-1960s.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F-15E Strike Eagle is an American all-weather multirole strike fighter derived from the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.
The McDonnell Douglas (later Boeing) X-36 Tailless Fighter Agility Research Aircraft was an American subscale prototype jet designed to fly without the traditional tail assembly found on most aircraft.
The Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet was a German rocket-powered interceptor aircraft.
The Messerschmitt P.1101 was a single-seat, single-jet fighter project of World War II, developed in response to the 15 July 1944 Emergency Fighter Program which sought a second generation of jet fighters for the Third Reich.
The Mikoyan Project 1.44/1.42 (Микоян МиГ-1.44; NATO reporting name: Flatpack) was a technology demonstrator developed by the Mikoyan design bureau.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250 (Samolet N) was a Soviet fighter aircraft developed as part of a crash program in 1944 to develop a high-performance fighter to counter German turbojet-powered aircraft such as the Messerschmitt Me-262.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-105 part of a programme known as the Spiral (aerospace system), was a manned test vehicle to explore low-speed handling and landing.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8 Utka ((Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-8 «Утка»), "duck") was a Soviet experimental aircraft.
The Miles M.3 Falcon is a 1930s British three/four-seat cabin monoplane aircraft designed by Miles Aircraft Limited.
The Miles M.30 X-Minor was an experimental aircraft, designed by Miles Aircraft to evaluate the characteristics of blended fuselage and wing intersections.
The Miles M.35 or Miles Libellula was a tandem wing research aircraft built by Miles Aircraft as a precursor to a proposed naval carrier fighter.
The M.39B Libellula (from Libellulidae, a taxonomic family of dragonflies) was a Second World War tandem wing experimental aircraft built by Miles Aircraft, designed to give the pilot the best view possible for landing on aircraft carriers.
The Miles M.52 was a turbojet-powered supersonic research aircraft project designed in the United Kingdom in the mid-1940s.
The Mitsubishi RP-1 is an Experimental Japanese twin-engined helicopter developed as part of a secret company research programme.
The NASA AD-1 was both an aircraft and an associated flight test program conducted between 1979 and 1982 at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards California, which successfully demonstrated an aircraft wing that could be pivoted obliquely from zero to 60 degrees during flight.
The Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology, or ERAST program was a NASA program to develop cost-effective, slow-flying unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that can perform long-duration science missions at altitudes above 60,000 feet.
The NASA Hyper III was an American unpowered full-scale lifting body remotely piloted vehicle designed and built at the NASA Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
The NASA M2-F1 was a lightweight, unpowered prototype aircraft, developed to flight-test the wingless lifting body concept.
The NASA Pathfinder and NASA Pathfinder Plus were the first two aircraft developed as part of an evolutionary series of solar- and fuel-cell-system-powered unmanned aerial vehicles.
The X-38 was an experimental re-entry vehicle designed by NASA to research a possible emergency crew return vehicle (CRV) for the International Space Station (ISS).
The X-43 was an experimental unmanned hypersonic aircraft with multiple planned scale variations meant to test various aspects of hypersonic flight.
The RK (Razdvizhnoye Krylo – extending wing) (a.k.a. LIG-7) was a two-seat cabin aircraft designed and built in the USSR from April 1936.
The RK-I (Razdvizhnoye Krylo - Istrebitel – extending wing - fighter) (a.k.a. RK-2) was a two-seat cabin aircraft designed and built in the USSR from October 1938.
The Nikitin PSN-2, (Planer Spetsial'no Naznachenaya - glider for special purpose) was a single seat glider bomb research aircraft designed and produced in the USSR from 1934.
The Nikitin-Schyevchyenko IS series, (Istrebitel Skladnoi – folding fighter), were single seat polymorphic fighters designed and produced in the USSR from 1938.
The Nord 1500 Griffon was an experimental ramjet-powered fighter aircraft designed and built in the mid-1950s by French state-owned aircraft manufacturer Nord Aviation.
The Nord 1601 was a French aerodynamic research aircraft designed and built by Nord Aviation.
The Nord Aviation N 500 Cadet was a single-seat VTOL research aircraft built by Nord Aviation in 1967.
The Nord Gerfaut (en:Gyrfalcon) was a delta wing experimental research aircraft, originally designed and built by SFECMAS - Société Française d'Etude et de Construction de Matériel Aéronautiques Spéciaux which was later merged with SNCAN - Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Nord to form Nord Aviation.
The North American X-10 (model RTV-A-5) was an unmanned technology demonstrator, developed by North American Aviation.
The North American X-15 was a hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as part of the X-plane series of experimental aircraft.
The Northrop Grumman X-47 is a demonstration Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle.
The Northrop HL-10 was one of five American heavyweight lifting body designs flown at NASA's Flight Research Center (FRC—later Dryden Flight Research Center) in Edwards, California, from July 1966 to November 1975 to study and validate the concept of safely maneuvering and landing a low lift-over-drag vehicle designed for reentry from space.
The Northrop M2-F2 was a heavyweight lifting body based on studies at NASA's Ames and Langley research centers and built by the Northrop Corporation in 1966.
The Northrop M2-F3 was a heavyweight lifting body rebuilt from the Northrop M2-F2 after it crashed at the Dryden Flight Research Center in 1967.
The Northrop N-1M, also known by the nickname "Jeep", was an American experimental aircraft used in the development of the flying wing concept by Northrop Aircraft during the 1940s.
The Northrop N-9M is an approximately one-third scale, 60-ft span all-wing aircraft used for the development of the full size, 172-ft wingspan Northrop XB-35 and YB-35 flying wing long-range, heavy bomber.
The Northrop Tacit Blue was a technology demonstrator aircraft created to demonstrate that a low-observable stealth surveillance aircraft with a low probability of intercept radar and other sensors could operate close to the forward line of battle with a high degree of survivability.
The Northrop X-21A was an experimental aircraft designed to test wings with laminar flow control.
The Northrop X-4 Bantam was a prototype small twinjet aircraft manufactured by Northrop Corporation in 1948.
The Northrop XB-35 and YB-35 were experimental heavy bomber aircraft developed by the Northrop Corporation for the United States Army Air Forces during and shortly after World War II.
The NRC tailless glider, also called the NRL tailless glider, was a two-seat tailless research glider designed by the Canada National Research Council and built by the National Research Laboratories, at the instigation of G.T.R. Hill who had previously designed the British Westland-Hill Pterodactyl series of tailless aircraft.
The Opel RAK.1 (also known as the Opel RAK.3) was the world's first purpose-built rocket-powered aircraft.
The Orbital Sciences X-34 was intended to be a low-cost testbed for demonstrating "key technologies" which could be integrated into the Reusable Launch Vehicle program.
The Osprey GP2 Osprey, also known as the Air Skimmer, Sea Skimmer, or Pereira GP2 Osprey, was a single-seat flying boat designed by Eut Tileston under contract to George Pereira, a private builder.
The Parnall Parasol was an experimental parasol winged aircraft design to measure the aerodynamic forces on wings in flight.
The Parnall Peto was a small seaplane designed to Air Ministry specification 16/24 in the early 1920s for use as a submarine-carried reconnaissance aircraft.
The Parnall Prawn was an experimental flying boat built in the United Kingdom in 1930.
The Payen Pa 49 Katy was a small experimental French turbojet powered tailless aircraft, first flown in 1954, was the first French aircraft of this kind and the smallest jet aircraft of its day.
The Payen PA-22 was a French experimental aircraft designed by Nicolas Roland Payen.
The Piaggio P.111 was an Italian high-altitude research aircraft designed and built by Piaggio for the Regia Aeronautica (Italian Royal Air Force).
The Piasecki PV-2 was a helicopter designed by Frank Piasecki.
The Piasecki VZ-8 Airgeep (company designation PA-59) was a prototype vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft developed by Piasecki Aircraft.
The Piasecki X-49 "SpeedHawk" is an American four-bladed, twin-engined experimental high-speed compound helicopter under development by Piasecki Aircraft.
The Potez-CAMS 160 was a one-off 5/13 scale flight model built in France, first flown in the summer of 1938 to test aerodynamic and hydrodynamic qualities of the Potez-CAMS 161 airliner and mail carrier, which was too large for detailed modelling in existing wind tunnels.
Power Jets was a British company set up by Frank Whittle for the purpose of designing and manufacturing jet engines.
The Reid and Sigrist R.S.3 Desford was a British twin-engined, three-seat advanced trainer developed in the Second World War for postwar use.
The Republic XF-84H "Thunderscreech" was an experimental turboprop aircraft derived from the F-84F Thunderstreak.
The Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor (originally designated XP-91) was a mixed-propulsion prototype interceptor aircraft, developed by Republic Aviation.
The RFB X-113 Aerofoil Boat was an experimental ground effect vehicle intended to work over water.
The RFB X-114 was a ground effect craft, designed chiefly to operate over water but capable of flight at higher altitudes where required, carrying five or six passengers or freight along coasts and capable of surveillance duties.
The Robin X4 was an experimental French four-seat light aircraft designed and built by Avions Robin to test different wing configurations and construction materials.
The Rockwell RPRV-870 HiMAT (Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology) is an experimental remotely piloted aircraft that was produced for a NASA program to develop technologies for future fighter aircraft.
The Rockwell X-30 was an advanced technology demonstrator project for the National Aero-Space Plane (NASP), part of a United States project to create a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) spacecraft and passenger spaceliner.
The Rockwell-Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm X-31 was an experimental jet fighter designed to test fighter thrust vectoring technology.
The Rolls-Royce RB.53 Dart is a long-lived British turboprop engine designed, built and manufactured by Rolls-Royce Limited.
The Rolls-Royce Thrust Measuring Rig (TMR), was a pioneering vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft developed by Rolls-Royce in the 1950s.
Rotary Rocket Company was a rocketry company that developed the Roton concept in the late 1990s as a fully reusable single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) manned spacecraft.
The Ryan VZ-3 Vertiplane, also known by the company designation Ryan Model 92 was an American experimental vertical/short take-off (VSTOL) aircraft built by the Ryan Aeronautical Company for the United States Army.
The Ryan X-13 Vertijet (company designation Model 69) was an experimental vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) jet aircraft flown in the United States in the 1950s.
The Ryan XV-5 Vertifan was a jet-powered V/STOL experimental aircraft in the 1960s.
The Saab 210 Draken (the Dragon or the Kite) is a scaled-down testbed for the double-delta concept in the development of the J 35 fighter.
The Saab 32 Lansen (English: Lance) is a two-seat, transonic military aircraft designed and manufactured by Saab from 1955 to 1960 for the Swedish Air Force (Flygvapnet).
The Saab 35 Draken ("the kite" or "the dragon") was a Swedish fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Saab between 1955 and 1974.
The Saab 91 Safir (Swedish: "sapphire") is a three (91A, B, B-2) or four (91C, D) seater, single engine trainer aircraft.
The Sack AS-6 was a German prototype circular-winged aircraft built privately during the Second World War.
The Saunders Roe A.37 Shrimp was a 1930s British two-seat four-engined experimental flying boat built by Saunders-Roe Limited ("Saro") at Cowes.
The Saunders-Roe SR.177 was a 1950s project to develop a combined jet- and rocket-powered interceptor aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) and Royal Navy.
The Saunders-Roe SR.53 was a British prototype interceptor aircraft of mixed jet and rocket propulsion developed for the Royal Air Force (RAF) by Saunders-Roe in the early 1950s.
The Sawyer Skyjacker II is an American homebuilt aircraft that was designed and produced by Ralph V. Sawyer of Lancaster, California, in 1974.
The Scaled Composites Model 281 Proteus is a tandem-wing High-Altitude Long Endurance aircraft designed by Burt Rutan to investigate the use of aircraft as high altitude telecommunications relays.
The Schweizer SGS 1-29 is an American single-seat, mid-wing, experimental laminar flow airfoil glider built by Schweizer Aircraft of Elmira, New York.
The X-26 Frigate is the longest-lived of the X-plane programs.
The NASA Shaped Sonic Boom Demonstration, also known as the Shaped Sonic Boom Experiment, was a two-year program that used a Northrop F-5E with a modified fuselage to demonstrate that the aircraft's shock wave, and accompanying sonic boom, can be shaped, and thereby reduced.
The Shin Meiwa PS-1 and US-1A (新明和 PS-1, US-1A) are large STOL aircraft designed for anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and air-sea rescue (SAR) work respectively by Japanese aircraft manufacturer Shin Meiwa.
The Short S.1 Cockle was a single-seat sport monoplane flying boat, with a novel monocoque duralumin hull.
The Short Mayo Composite was a piggy-back long-range seaplane/flying boat combination produced by Short Brothers to provide a reliable long-range air transport service to North America and, potentially, to other distant places in the British Empire and the Commonwealth.
The Short S.7 Mussel was a single-engined two-seat monoplane built by Short Brothers to test the performance of their duralumin monocoque floats.
The Short S.6 Sturgeon was a prototype single-engined biplane naval reconnaissance aircraft, built to an Air Ministry specification but mostly intended as a demonstrator of the corrosion resistance of duralumin aircraft structures.
The Short SB.1 was a British tailless glider designed by David Keith-Lucas and Professor Geoffrey T.R. Hill.
The Short SB.4 Sherpa was a British experimental aircraft designed and built during the 1950s to test the flight characteristics of the aero-isoclinic wing.
The Short SB.5 (serial WG768) was a "highly unorthodox, adjustable wing"Staples K.J. British research aircraft designed by Short Brothers in response to the UK Air Ministry requirement ER.100; to provide input for the design of the English Electric P.1 (prototype of the English Electric Lightning) by testing the low speed flight characteristics of various configurations of wing-sweep required for supersonic flight.
The Short SC.1 was the first British fixed-wing vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) jet aircraft developed by Short Brothers.
The Short Silver Streak was the first British all-metal aircraft.
The Short Springbok was a two-seat, all-metal reconnaissance biplane produced for the British Air Ministry in the 1920s.
The Short Stirling was a British four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War.
The Sikorsky S-69 (military designation XH-59) is an experimental co-axial compound helicopter developed by Sikorsky Aircraft as the demonstrator of the Advancing Blade Concept (ABC) under US Army and NASA funding.
The Sikorsky S-72 was an experimental hybrid helicopter/fixed-wing aircraft developed by helicopter manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft.
The Sikorsky S-75 was a proof-of-concept all-composite helicopter.
The Sikorsky S-76 is an American medium-size commercial utility helicopter, manufactured by the Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation.
The SM-65 Atlas was the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the United States and the first member of the Atlas rocket family.
The Convair SM-65A Atlas, or Atlas A was the first full-scale prototype of the Atlas missile, which first flew on 11 June 1957.
The Convair SM-65B Atlas, or Atlas B, also designated X-12 was a prototype of the Atlas missile.
The SNCAC NC.130 was a French high-altitude research aircraft of the 1930s.
The SNCASE SE-1210 was an experimental French flying-boat designed and built by SNCASE as a flying scale model of the proposed SE-1200 transatlantic flying boat.
The SNCASO SO.1310 Farfadet was an experimental French convertiplane of the 1950s.
The SNECMA Atar Volant or C.400 P1 was a French turbojet engine produced by SNECMA as part of their "Atar" series.
The SNECMA C.450 Coléoptère (meaning "beetle" in French, descended from Greek for "sheathed wing") was a VTOL aircraft developed by the French company SNECMA in the 1950s.
Solar Impulse is a Swiss long-range experimental solar-powered aircraft project, and also the name of the project's two operational aircraft.
The Stinson L-1 Vigilant (company designation Model 74) was a 1940s American light observation aircraft built by the Stinson Aircraft Company at Wayne, Michigan (by November 1940 a division of Vultee Aircraft Corporation).
The Stipa-Caproni, also generally called the Caproni Stipa, was an experimental Italian aircraft designed in 1932 by Luigi Stipa (1900–1992) and built by Caproni.
The Sud-Ouest Ariel is a French two-seat light helicopter designed and built by Sud-Ouest later Sud Aviation.
The Sud-Ouest SO.6000 Triton was the first French jet aircraft to be manufactured and was completed during the 1940s by SNCASO.
The Sukhoi Su-15 (NATO reporting name: Flagon) was a twinjet supersonic interceptor aircraft developed by the Soviet Union.
The Sukhoi Su-27 (Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi.
The Sukhoi Su-47 Berkut (translation) (NATO reporting name Firkin), also designated S-32 and S-37 (not to be confused with the twin-engined delta canard designButtler, Tony and Gordon, Yefim. "Soviet Secret Projects: Fighters Since 1945". Midland Publishing, 2005.. offered by Sukhoi in the early 1990s under the designation Su-37) during initial development, was an experimental supersonic jet fighter developed by Sukhoi Aviation Corporation.
The Sukhoi T-4, or "Aircraft 100", or "Project 100", or "Sotka" was a Soviet high-speed reconnaissance, anti-ship and strategic bomber aircraft that did not proceed beyond the prototype stage.
The Supermarine Type 525 was a British prototype naval jet fighter aircraft of the 1950s.
The Supermarine Scimitar was a British naval fighter aircraft operated by the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm.
Thrust vectoring, also thrust vector control or TVC, is the ability of an aircraft, rocket, or other vehicle to manipulate the direction of the thrust from its engine(s) or motor(s) in order to control the attitude or angular velocity of the vehicle.
A tiltrotor is an aircraft which generates lift and propulsion by way of one or more powered rotors (sometimes called proprotors) mounted on rotating engine pods or nacelles usually at the ends of a fixed wing or an engine mounted in the fuselage with drive shafts transferring power to rotor assemblies mounted on the wingtips.
The Travel Air 2000/3000/4000 (originally, the Model A, Model B and Model BH and later marketed as a Curtiss-Wright product under the names CW-14, Speedwing, Sportsman and Osprey), were open-cockpit biplane aircraft produced in the United States in the late 1920s by the Travel Air Manufacturing Company.
The Tsybin RSR (Reactivnyi Strategicheskii Razvedchik) was a Soviet design for an advanced, long-range, Mach 3 strategic reconnaissance aircraft.
The Tupolev ANT-20 Maksim Gorki (Туполев АНТ-20 "Максим Горький") was a Soviet eight-engine aircraft, the largest of the 1930s.
The Tupolev Tu-95LAL, (Летающая Атомная Лаборатория – Letayushchaya Atomnaya Laboratoriya – literally: flying atomic laboratory), was an experimental aircraft that was a modified Tupolev Tu-95 Soviet bomber aircraft, which flew from 1961 to 1965, analogous to the United States' earlier Convair NB-36H Crusader.
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
An unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV), also known as a combat drone or simply a drone, is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that usually carries aircraft ordnance such as missiles and is used for drone strikes.
The UTIAS Ornithopter No.1 (registration C-GPTR) is an ornithopter that was built in Canada in the late 1990s.
VentureStar was a single-stage-to-orbit reusable launch system proposed by Lockheed Martin and funded by the U.S. government.
The Vertol VZ-2 (or Model 76) was a research aircraft built in the United States in 1957 to investigate the tiltwing approach to vertical take-off and landing.
The VFW VAK 191B was an experimental German vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) strike fighter of the early 1970s.
The Vickers VC.1 Viking was a British twin-engine short-range airliner derived from the Vickers Wellington bomber and built by Vickers-Armstrongs Limited at Brooklands near Weybridge in Surrey.
The Vought V-173 "Flying Pancake" was an American experimental test aircraft built as part of the Vought XF5U "Flying Flapjack" United States Navy fighter aircraft program during World War II.
The Vought XF5U "Flying Flapjack" was an experimental U.S. Navy fighter aircraft designed by Charles H. Zimmerman for Vought during World War II.
The Vought-Sikorsky VS-300 (or S-46) is a single-engine helicopter designed by Igor Sikorsky.
A vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft is one that can hover, take off, and land vertically.
Pterodactyl was the name given to a series of experimental tailless aircraft designs developed by Geoffrey T. R. Hill in the 1920s and early 1930s.
Initiated in 2003, X-41 is the designation for a still-classified U.S. military spaceplane.
X-42 is the designation of a still-classified U.S. military space project.
The Yakovlev AIR-3 was a 1920s Soviet two-seat general aviation monoplane designed and built by Aleksandr Sergeyevich Yakovlev.
The Yakovlev Yak-1000 was a Soviet supersonic technology demonstrator intended to evaluate the aerodynamic layout and field performance of the cropped delta wing discussed in captured German documents in combination with the new Lyulka AL-5 turbojet.
The Yakovlev Yak-36, also known as Izdeliye V, (NATO reporting name "Freehand") was a Soviet technology demonstrator for a VTOL combat aircraft.
The Youngman-Baynes High Lift was a British, experimental aircraft of the 1940s.
Zveno (Russian: Звено, Chain link or a military unit "Flight") was a parasite aircraft concept developed in the Soviet Union during the 1930s.