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List of heads of state of Libya

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This article lists the heads of state of Libya since the country's independence in 1951. [1]

54 relations: Abdul Ati al-Obeidi, Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa, Abu Bakr Baira, Aguila Saleh Issa, Armed Forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Battle of Tripoli (2011), Benghazi, Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution, Death of Muammar Gaddafi, Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People, Fayez al-Sarraj, General National Congress, General People's Congress (Libya), Giuma Ahmed Atigha, Government of National Accord, Head of state, High Council of State (Libya), History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi, House of Representatives (Libya), Idris of Libya, Imbarek Shamekh, Independent politician, Kingdom of Libya, Libya, Libyan Arab Socialist Union, Libyan Civil War (2011), Libyan Civil War (2014–present), Libyan parliamentary election, 2014, Libyan Revolutionary Command Council, List of Governors-General of Italian Libya, List of heads of government of Libya, Lustration, Mifta al-Usta Umar, Miftah Muhammed K'eba, Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai, Mohammed Ali Salim, Mohammed Magariaf, Muammar Gaddafi, Muhammad az-Zanati, Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab, Mustafa Abdul Jalil, National Front Party (Libya), National Salvation Government, National Transitional Council, Nouri Abusahmain, Presidential Council (Libya), Senussi, The Green Book (Muammar Gaddafi), Tobruk, Tripoli, ..., 1969 Libyan coup d'état, 1986 United States bombing of Libya, 2011 military intervention in Libya, 2016–18 West Libya clashes. Expand index (4 more) »

Abdul Ati al-Obeidi

Abdul Ati al-Obeidi (عبد العاطي العبيدي; born 10 October 1939) is a Libyan politician and diplomat.

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Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa

Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa (عبد الرزاق الصوصاع) was a former Head of State of Libya from 7 October 1990 to 18 November 1992.

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Abu Bakr Baira

Abu Bakr Baira (أبوبكر مصطفى بعيرة)), is a Libyan politician who was the Acting President of the Council of Deputies (also known as the Libyan House of Representatives-HoR مجلس النواب) of Libya, a role he held as the oldest member of Libya's legislature until Aguila Saleh Issa was appointed permanent chair. Former candidate as Prime Minister of Government of National Accord-GNA in Libya. (Known as Chairman of the Presidential Council of Libya).

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Aguila Saleh Issa

Aguila Saleh Issa (Arabic: عقيلة صالح عيسى; born 1944) is a Libyan jurist and politician who is President of the Libyan House of Representatives since 5 August 2014.

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Armed Forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

The Armed Forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya consisted of the Libyan Army, Libyan Air Force and the Libyan Navy and other services including the People's Militia.

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Battle of Tripoli (2011)

The Battle of Tripoli (ﻣﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﻃﺮﺍﺑﻠﺲ) was a military confrontation in Tripoli, Libya, between loyalists of Muammar Gaddafi, the longtime leader of Libya, and the National Transitional Council, which was attempting to overthrow Gaddafi and take control of the capital.

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Benghazi

Benghazi (بنغازي) is the second-most populous city in Libya and the largest in Cyrenaica.

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Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution

The Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution (الأخ القائد ومرشد الثورة) was an unofficial title held by former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, who claimed to be merely a symbolic figurehead of the country's official governance structure.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Death of Muammar Gaddafi

Muammar Gaddafi, the deposed leader of Libya, was captured and killed on 20 October 2011 during the Battle of Sirte.

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Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People

The Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People was brought into force on 2 March 1977 by the General People's Congress, in the name of the Arab people of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

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Fayez al-Sarraj

Fayez Mustafa al-Sarraj (فائز السراج or فايز السراج; born 1960) is the Chairman of the Presidential Council of Libya and prime minister of the Government of National Accord (GNA) of Libya that was formed as a result of the Libyan Political Agreement signed on 17 December 2015.

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General National Congress

The General National Congress (المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the legislative authority of Libya for two years following the end of the Libyan Civil War.

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General People's Congress (Libya)

The General People's Congress of Libya (Mu'tammar al-sha'ab al 'âmm) (مؤتمر الشعب العام الليبي) was the national legislature of Muammar Gaddafi's Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya governance structure.

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Giuma Ahmed Atigha

Giuma Ahmad Atigha (born 1950) is Libyan politician who has served as Deputy President of the General National Congress of Libya since 2012, and Acting President of the General National Congress of Libya since resignation of Mohamed Yousef el-Magariaf on 28 May 2013.

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Government of National Accord

The Government of National Accord (حكومة الوفاق الوطني) is an interim government for Libya that was formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement, a United Nations-led initiative, signed on 17 December 2015.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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High Council of State (Libya)

The High Council of State, (المجلس الأعلى للدولة), also known as the Supreme Council of State, is an advisory body for Libya formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement which was signed on 17 December 2015.

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History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi

Muammar Gaddafi became the de facto leader of Libya on 1 September 1969 after leading a group of young Libyan military officers against King Idris I in a bloodless coup d'état.

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House of Representatives (Libya)

The House of Representatives (HoR) (translation, Camera dei rappresentanti libica) is the legislature of Libya.

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Idris of Libya

Idris, GBE (إدريس الأول; El Sayyid Prince Muhammad Idris bin Muhammad al-Mahdi as-Senussi; 12 March 1889 – 25 May 1983), was a Libyan political and religious leader who served as the Emir of Cyrenaica and then as the King of Libya from 1951 to 1969.

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Imbarek Shamekh

Imbarek Shamekh (امبارك عبدالله الشامخ) (sometimes Mubarak Abdallah al-Shamikh or Embarek Shamekh) (born 15 May 1952) is a Libyan politician and bureaucrat.

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Independent politician

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.

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Kingdom of Libya

The Kingdom of Libya (المملكة الليبية; Libyan Kingdom; Regno di Libia), originally called the United Kingdom of Libya, came into existence upon independence on 24 December 1951 and lasted until a coup d'état led by Muammar Gaddafi on 1 September 1969 overthrew King Idris and established the Libyan Arab Republic.

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Libya

Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

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Libyan Arab Socialist Union

The Arab Socialist Union of Libya (ASU; الاتحاد الاشتراكي العربي الليبي, Al-Ittiḥād Al-Ištirākī Al-ʿArabī Al-Liby; Unione Socialista Araba Libica) was a political party in Libya from 1971 to 1977 led by Muammar Gaddafi.

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Libyan Civil War (2011)

The first Libyan Civil War, also referred to as the Libyan Revolution or 17 February Revolution, was an armed conflict in 2011 in the North African country of Libya fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government.

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Libyan Civil War (2014–present)

The second Libyan Civil War is an ongoing conflict among rival factions seeking control of the territory and oil of Libya.

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Libyan parliamentary election, 2014

Parliamentary elections were held in Libya on 25 June 2014 for the House of Representatives.

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Libyan Revolutionary Command Council

The Libyan Revolutionary Command Council was the twelve-person governing body that ruled the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977.

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List of Governors-General of Italian Libya

This article lists the Governors-General of Italian Libya, a colony of the Italian Empire from 1934 to 1943.

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List of heads of government of Libya

This article lists the heads of government of Libya since the country's independence in 1951.

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Lustration

In politics, lustration refers to the purge of government officials once characteristic of the Communist system in Central and Eastern Europe.

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Mifta al-Usta Umar

Mifta al-Usta Umar (مفتاح الاسطى عمر) (1935-22 March 2010) was the General Secretary of Libya's General People's Congress from 15 February 1984 to 7 October 1990.

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Miftah Muhammed K'eba

Miftah Muhammed K'eba (Arabic:مفتاح محمد كعيبة), also translated as Miftah Muhammad Kuayba, was the Secretary-General of the General People's Congress of Libya from 3 March 2008 to 5 March 2009 and as such head of state.

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Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai

Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai (born 14 May 1952) was the last Secretary General of Libya's General People's Congress and thus the country's nominal head of state of Libya from 2010 until 2011.

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Mohammed Ali Salim

Mohammed Ali Salim (born 1935) is a Libyan politician who was the Acting Chairman of the General National Congress of Libya, a role he held as the oldest member of Libya's first democratically elected legislature until Mohamed Yousef el-Magariaf was appointed permanent chair.

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Mohammed Magariaf

Mohammed Yousef el-Magariaf, (also written as Magariaf, Elmegaryaf or Almegaryaf) or, as he writes on his official website, Dr.

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Muammar Gaddafi

Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Muhammad az-Zanati

Muhammad al-Zanati was the head of state of Libya from 18 November 1992 until 3 March 2008.

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Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab

Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab (محمد الزروق رجب) (born 1940) was a former Head of State and General Secretary of the People's Committee (Prime Minister) in Libya.

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Mustafa Abdul Jalil

Mustafa Abdul Jalil (مصطفى عبد الجليل, also transcribed Abdul-Jelil, Abd-al-Jalil, Abdel-Jalil, Abdeljalil or Abdu Al Jeleil) (born 1952) is a Libyan politician who was the Chairman of the National Transitional Council from 5 March 2011 until its dissolution on 8 August 2012.

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National Front Party (Libya)

The National Front Party (حزب الجبهة الوطنية) is a political party in Libya, formed in May 2012.

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National Salvation Government

The National Salvation Government (حكومة الإنقاذ الوطني) was a government body formed by politicians from the General National Congress's blocs that lost the June 2014 elections in Libya.

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National Transitional Council

The National Transitional Council of Libya (المجلس الوطني الإنتقالي), sometimes known as the Transitional National Council, was the de facto government of Libya for a period during and after the Libyan Civil War, in which rebel forces overthrew the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya of Muammar Gaddafi.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Nouri Abusahmain

Nouri Abusahmain (Arabic: نوري أبو سهمين) is a Libyan politician.

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Presidential Council (Libya)

The Presidential Council (المجلس الرئاسي) of Libya is a body formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement which was signed on 17 December 2015.

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Senussi

The Senussi, or Sanussi (السنوسية), are a Muslim political-religious tariqa (Sufi order) and clan in colonial Libya and the Sudan region founded in Mecca in 1837 by the Grand Senussi (السنوسي الكبير), the Algerian Muhammad ibn Ali as-Senussi.

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The Green Book (Muammar Gaddafi)

The Green Book (الكتاب الأخضر) is a short book setting out the political philosophy of Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

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Tobruk

Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.

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Tripoli

Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.

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1969 Libyan coup d'état

The 1969 Libyan coup d'état, also known as the al-Fateh Revolution or the 1 September Revolution, was a military coup d'état in Libya carried out by the Free Officers Movement, a group of military officers led by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, which led to the overthrow of King Idris I.

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1986 United States bombing of Libya

The 1986 United States bombing of Libya, code-named Operation El Dorado Canyon, comprised air strikes by the United States against Libya on Tuesday, 15 April 1986.

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2011 military intervention in Libya

On 19 March 2011, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya, ostensibly to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973.

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2016–18 West Libya clashes

Clashes took place in West Libya since 14 October 2016.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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Redirects here:

Chairman of the General National Congress, Chairman of the National Transitional Council, Chairman of the New General National Congress, Chairman of the Presidential Council of Libya, Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council, Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council of Libya, General Secretary of the General People's Congress, Head of State of Libya, Heads of State of Libya, List of Libyan Heads of State, List of presidents of Libya, President of Libya, President of the House of Representatives of Libya, Secretary General of the General People's Congress, Secretary General of the General People's Congress of Libya, Secretary of the General People's Congress, Secretary of the General People's Congress of Libya, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_heads_of_state_of_Libya

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