1722 relations: Aaltje Noordewier-Reddingius, Aaron Copland, Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, Abolitionism, Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur, Achilles, Adam Carolla, Adam Ries, Adam Smith, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Aden Meinel, Adolf Born, Adolf Loos, Adolph Friedrich Lindemann, Adolphe Quetelet, Adrien Brody, Aeneas, Aesop, Agamemnon, Akhenaten, Akimasa Nakamura, Al-Biruni, Al-Farabi, Alan Alda, Alan Bean, Alan Boss, Alan Hale (astronomer), Alban Berg, Albert Bierstadt, Albert Einstein, Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Albert Uderzo, Alberto Angela, Albrecht Unsöld, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Aleksandr Leonidovich Zaitsev, Aleksandra Pakhmutova, Alessandro Scarlatti, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Borodin, Alexander Opekushin, Alexander Pokryshkin, Alexander Pushkin, Alexander Scriabin, Alexander von Humboldt, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Alfred Adler, Alfred Hitchcock, Alfred Nobel, Alfred Wegener, ..., Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Alphonse Borrelly, Alphonse Mucha, Amalasuntha, Amélie Nothomb, Amenemhat, American Graffiti, Amy Mainzer, Anatoly Karpov, Anaximander, Anders Celsius, André Franquin, André Patry, André-Louis Danjon, Andrea Bocelli, Andreas Gryphius, Andrei Sakharov, Andrew Wiles, Andy Warhol, Ang Lee, Anna Akhmatova, Anna Freud, Anne Brontë, Anne Frank, Annibale de Gasparis, Annie Jump Cannon, Anoushka Shankar, Anpanman, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Antoine Lavoisier, Anton Bernolák, Anton Bruckner, Anton Webern, Antonín Bečvář, Antonín Dvořák, Antonín Mrkos, Antonín Rükl, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Antonio Abetti, Antonio Vivaldi, Apollo 11, Arabs, Aram Khachaturian, Archimedes, Arctic, Aretha Franklin, Aristarchus of Samos, Aristarkh Belopolsky, Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, Aristophanes, Aristotle, Armand Pien, Arnold Schoenberg, Arnold Sommerfeld, Arsène Wenger, Artaxerxes II of Persia, Arthur C. 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Swift, Lewis Carroll, Libuše, Liisi Oterma, Lindsey Stirling, Linus Pauling, Linus Torvalds, Lise Meitner, List of exceptional asteroids, List of minor planets, List of minor planets named after places, List of minor planets named after rivers, List of minor planets: 100001–101000, List of minor planets: 10001–11000, List of minor planets: 1001–2000, List of minor planets: 103001–104000, List of minor planets: 106001–107000, List of minor planets: 11001–12000, List of minor planets: 116001–117000, List of minor planets: 117001–118000, List of minor planets: 12001–13000, List of minor planets: 127001–128000, List of minor planets: 128001–129000, List of minor planets: 13001–14000, List of minor planets: 132001–133000, List of minor planets: 133001–134000, List of minor planets: 135001–136000, List of minor planets: 14001–15000, List of minor planets: 144001–145000, List of minor planets: 15001–16000, List of minor planets: 151001–152000, List of minor planets: 152001–153000, List of minor planets: 153001–154000, List of minor planets: 16001–17000, List of minor planets: 161001–162000, List of minor planets: 165001–166000, List of minor planets: 166001–167000, List of minor planets: 17001–18000, List of minor planets: 171001–172000, List of minor planets: 172001–173000, List of minor planets: 175001–176000, List of minor planets: 18001–19000, List of minor planets: 184001–185000, List of minor planets: 19001–20000, List of minor planets: 20001–21000, List of minor planets: 2001–3000, List of minor planets: 21001–22000, List of minor planets: 22001–23000, List of minor planets: 224001–225000, List of minor planets: 227001–228000, List of minor planets: 230001–231000, List of minor planets: 23001–24000, List of minor planets: 231001–232000, List of minor planets: 234001–235000, List of minor planets: 24001–25000, List of minor planets: 241001–242000, List of minor planets: 242001–243000, List of minor planets: 243001–244000, List of minor planets: 249001–250000, List of minor planets: 250001–251000, List of minor planets: 25001–26000, List of minor planets: 260001–261000, List of minor planets: 26001–27000, List of minor planets: 261001–262000, List of minor planets: 262001–263000, List of minor planets: 263001–264000, List of minor planets: 27001–28000, List of minor planets: 274001–275000, List of minor planets: 28001–29000, List of minor planets: 29001–30000, List of minor planets: 292001–293000, List of minor planets: 294001–295000, List of minor planets: 300001–301000, List of minor planets: 30001–31000, List of minor planets: 3001–4000, List of minor planets: 308001–309000, List of minor planets: 31001–32000, List of minor planets: 316001–317000, List of minor planets: 32001–33000, List of minor planets: 326001–327000, List of minor planets: 327001–328000, List of minor planets: 33001–34000, List of minor planets: 337001–338000, List of minor planets: 347001–348000, List of minor planets: 35001–36000, List of minor planets: 36001–37000, List of minor planets: 365001–366000, List of minor planets: 37001–38000, List of minor planets: 38001–39000, List of minor planets: 39001–40000, List of minor planets: 40001–41000, List of minor planets: 4001–5000, List of minor planets: 41001–42000, List of minor planets: 42001–43000, List of minor planets: 43001–44000, List of minor planets: 44001–45000, List of minor planets: 46001–47000, List of minor planets: 47001–48000, List of minor planets: 48001–49000, List of minor planets: 49001–50000, List of minor planets: 495001–496000, List of minor planets: 50001–51000, List of minor planets: 5001–6000, List of minor planets: 52001–53000, List of minor planets: 53001–54000, List of minor planets: 55001–56000, List of minor planets: 58001–59000, List of minor planets: 59001–60000, List of minor planets: 60001–61000, List of minor planets: 6001–7000, List of minor planets: 61001–62000, List of minor planets: 64001–65000, List of minor planets: 65001–66000, List of minor planets: 67001–68000, List of minor planets: 68001–69000, List of minor planets: 69001–70000, List of minor planets: 70001–71000, List of minor planets: 7001–8000, List of minor planets: 72001–73000, List of minor planets: 73001–74000, List of minor planets: 78001–79000, List of minor planets: 79001–80000, List of minor planets: 80001–81000, List of minor planets: 8001–9000, List of minor planets: 82001–83000, List of minor planets: 85001–86000, List of minor planets: 90001–91000, List of minor planets: 9001–10000, List of minor planets: 91001–92000, List of minor planets: 92001–93000, List of minor planets: 94001–95000, List of minor planets: 95001–96000, List of minor planets: 98001–99000, List of minor planets: 99001–100000, List of named minor planets (alphabetical), List of people with craters of the Moon named after them, Loránd Eötvös, Lou Gehrig, Louis Armstrong, Louis Boyer (astronomer), Louis Braille, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, Louis Paul Cailletet, Louis Slotin, Louis Spohr, Luboš Kohoutek, Luboš Perek, Luciano Pavarotti, Luděk Pešek, Ludwig van Beethoven, Luis Walter Alvarez, Lutz D. Schmadel, Lynn Anderson, Lyudmila Chernykh, Mahalia Jackson, Malala Yousafzai, Malaysia, Marc Aaronson, Marcel Proust, March Hare, Marcus Manilius, Margherita Hack, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Maria Mitchell, Maria Theresa, Marie Curie, Marilyn Monroe, Mario De Caro, Mario J. Molina, Mark Antony, Mark Knopfler, Mark Twain, Marsupilami, Martin Brendel, Martin Gardner, Martin Luther, Martin Rees, Mary Wollstonecraft, Matthias Braun, Maurice Jarre, Maurice Ravel, Max Beckmann, Max Born, Max Bruch, Max Pechstein, Max Planck, Max Wolf, Meanings of minor planet names, Meanings of minor planet names: 25001–26000, Meanings of minor planet names: 48001–49000, Meanings of minor planet names: 5001–6000, Mechthild of Magdeburg, Meenakshi Wadhwa, Meg Ryan, Menkaure, Merlin, Messalina, Michael Ballack, Michael Collins (astronaut), Michael Faraday, Michael J. Smith (astronaut), Michael James Gaffey, Michael P. 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Ostro, Steven Spielberg, Stevie Wonder, STS-107, STS-51-L, Svante Arrhenius, Svatopluk I of Moravia, Sven Kullander (physicist), Sylvain Arend, Syosset, New York, Tacitus, Tadeáš Hájek, Taira no Tokuko, Takashi Asahina, Takeshi Urata, Tamar of Georgia, Tamara Smirnova, Tanya Savicheva, Taras Shevchenko, Tarmo Oja, Téa Leoni, Tenzing Norgay, Terry Farrell (actress), Terry Gilliam, Terry Jones, Terry Pratchett, Thailand, Thales of Miletus, The Adventures of Pinocchio, The Adventures of Tintin, The Bartered Bride, The Beatles, The Diary of a Young Girl, The Discovery Channel Young Scientist Challenge (DCYSC), The Egyptian, The Good Soldier Švejk, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The Hobbit, The Little Prince, The Open University of Japan, The Rolling Stones, The Walt Disney Company, Theodor von Oppolzer, Theodore Lyman, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Bopp, Thomas Edison, Thomas Gainsborough, Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Mann, Thomas Moran, Thor Heyerdahl, Thorvald N. Thiele, Thutmose, Thyra, Tikhon Khrennikov, Tim Hunter (astronomer), Tom Hanks, Tomaso Albinoni, Tomáš Baťa, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, Tor Hagfors, Tove Jansson, Toyen, Tristan, Tutankhamun, Tycho Brahe, Ulugh Beg, Undine (novella), United States, University of Minnesota Morris, University of Tokyo, Urbain Le Verrier, Valeri Kharlamov, Vanessa-Mae, Vangelis, Václav Neumann, Václav Talich, Víctor Jara, Věra Čáslavská, Večerníček, Velimir Khlebnikov, Venetia Burney, Vera Rubin, Vera Voloshina, Vesto Slipher, Victor Hugo, Victoria (mythology), Vienna Observatory, Viktor Patsayev, Vilnius photometric system, Vincent d'Indy, Vincent van Gogh, Vincenzo Cerulli, Vincenzo Zappalà, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimír Remek, Vladimir Komarov, Vladimir Lenin, Vladimir Nabokov, Vladimir Shkodrov, Vladimir Vernadsky, Vladimir Vysotsky, Vladislav Volkov, Volsci, Voltaire, Vulcan (Star Trek), Vytautas Straižys, Walter Baade, Walter Cronkite, Walter Payton, Walther Bothe, Wenceslaus Hollar, Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Werner Heisenberg, Wilhelm Beer, Wilhelm Tempel, Wilhelm von Biela, Wilhelm Wundt, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Will Cuppy, Willem de Sitter, William C. McCool, William Cranch Bond, William Henry Pickering, William Herschel, William Huggins, William IV of the United Kingdom, William Shakespeare, William Wallace Campbell, Wolf von Engelhardt, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Wolfgang Pauli, World War II, Wubbo Ockels, Xanthippe, Xerxes I, Xkcd, Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Yang Liwei, Yao Beina, Yehudi Menuhin, Yes (band), Yevgeniya Rudneva, Yevgeny Tolstikov, Yoko Ono, Yrjö Väisälä, Yuji Hyakutake, Yuki Kajiura, Yuri Gagarin, Yuri Temirkanov, Yves Coppens, Zdeněk Burian, Zdeněk Miler, Zdenek Sekanina, Zdislava Berka, Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Zoltán Latinovits, Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Zu Chongzhi, ZZ Top, 1000 Piazzia, 1001 Gaussia, 1002 Olbersia, 1004 Belopolskya, 1005 Arago, 1006 Lagrangea, 1007 Pawlowia, 1021 Flammario, 1024 Hale, 10251 Mulisch, 1034 Mozartia, 1038 Tuckia, 1040 Klumpkea, 1059 Mussorgskia, 1065 Amundsenia, 1068 Nofretete, 1069 Planckia, 107 Camilla, 10979 Fristephenson, 11020 Orwell, 110393 Rammstein, 1111 Reinmuthia, 1120 Cannonia, 1123 Shapleya, 1128 Astrid, 1129 Neujmina, 1134 Kepler, 1143 Odysseus, 115 Thyra, 1172 Äneas, 11755 Paczynski, 1186 Turnera, 12 Victoria, 1215 Boyer, 12373 Lancearmstrong, 1239 Queteleta, 1241 Dysona, 12621 Alsufi, 127 Johanna, 1280 Baillauda, 12838 Adamsmith, 12848 Agostino, 1303 Luthera, 13070 Seanconnery, 13123 Tyson, 1322 Coppernicus, 13241 Biyo, 1405 Sibelius, 1412 Lagrula, 14335 Alexosipov, 1449 Virtanen, 1455 Mitchella, 1462 Zamenhof, 15017 Cuppy, 15092 Beegees, 1510 Charlois, 15262 Abderhalden, 1529 Oterma, 153 Hilda, 15374 Teta, 154 Bertha, 1551 Argelander, 1552 Bessel, 156 Xanthippe, 1563 Noël, 1565 Lemaître, 1569 Evita, 1573 Väisälä, 1578 Kirkwood, 1590 Tsiolkovskaja, 1600 Vyssotsky, 162 Laurentia, 1622 Chacornac, 1637 Swings, 1655 Comas Solà, 16765 Agnesi, 1677 Tycho Brahe, 1683 Castafiore, 1691 Oort, 1693 Hertzsprung, 1714 Sy, 1740 Paavo Nurmi, 1741 Giclas, 1743 Schmidt, 17473 Freddiemercury, 1761 Edmondson, 1766 Slipher, 1772 Gagarin, 1776 Kuiper, 1778 Alfvén, 1780 Kippes, 1789 Dobrovolsky, 1790 Volkov, 1791 Patsayev, 1793 Zoya, 1803 Zwicky, 1815 Beethoven, 1818 Brahms, 1830 Pogson, 1831 Nicholson, 1832 Mrkos, 1834 Palach, 1836 Komarov, 1840 Hus, 1841 Masaryk, 1846 Bengt, 1850 Kohoutek, 1855 Korolev, 1858 Lobachevskij, 1859 Kovalevskaya, 1861 Komenský, 18610 Arthurdent, 187 Lamberta, 1877 Marsden, 1889 Pakhmutova, 1907 Rudneva, 1909 Alekhin, 19139 Apian, 1931 Čapek, 19367 Pink Floyd, 19383 Rolling Stones, 1940 Whipple, 1965 van de Kamp, 1979 Sakharov, 1983 Bok, 1991 Darwin, 1995 Hajek, 1996 Adams, 1997 Leverrier, 1998 Titius, 1999 Hirayama, 2000 Herschel, 2001 Einstein, 2002 Euler, 2003 Harding, 2005 Hencke, 2009 Voloshina, 2010 Chebyshev, 2012 Guo Shou-Jing, 2047 Smetana, 2054 Gawain, 2055 Dvořák, 2069 Hubble, 2074 Shoemaker, 2099 Öpik, 211 Isolda, 2126 Gerasimovich, 2127 Tanya, 2143 Jimarnold, 21501 Acevedo, 216 Kleopatra, 218 Bianca, 220 Stephania, 2227 Otto Struve, 2244 Tesla, 2308 Schilt, 2325 Chernykh, 238 Hypatia, 2420 Čiurlionis, 2436 Hatshepsut, 2483 Guinevere, 24988 Alainmilsztajn, 25143 Itokawa, 254 Augusta, 2578 Saint-Exupéry, 25924 Douglasadams, 2598 Merlin, 264 Libussa, 2644 Victor Jara, 2675 Tolkien, 26858 Misterrogers, 2709 Sagan, 2730 Barks, 2751 Campbell, 2807 Karl Marx, 281 Lucretia, 2839 Annette, 28439 Miguelreyes, 2874 Jim Young, 2934 Aristophanes, 2940 Bacon, 295 Theresia, 2985 Shakespeare, 3047 Goethe, 305 Gordonia, 3067 Akhmatova, 3070 Aitken, 3102 Krok, 31641 Cevasco, 3169 Ostro, 3174 Alcock, 3184 Raab, 3204 Lindgren, 323 Brucia, 3255 Tholen, 326 Tamara, 3267 Glo, 327 Columbia, 3277 Aaronson, 335 Roberta, 3350 Scobee, 3352 McAuliffe, 3353 Jarvis, 3362 Khufu, 339 Dorothea, 340 Eduarda, 3412 Kafka, 342843 Davidbowie, 344 Desiderata, 348 May, 349 Dembowska, 3552 Don Quixote, 3581 Alvarez, 359 Georgia, 3628 Božněmcová, 366 Vincentina, 3673 Levy, 3905 Doppler, 3917 Franz Schubert, 392 Wilhelmina, 3936 Elst, 3962 Valyaev, 4001 Ptolemaeus, 4003 Schumann, 4055 Magellan, 4065 Meinel, 4147 Lennon, 4149 Harrison, 4150 Starr, 4151 Alanhale, 42 Isis, 4217 Engelhardt, 423 Diotima, 4318 Baťa, 4354 Euclides, 4364 Shkodrov, 4492 Debussy, 45 Eugenia, 4587 Rees, 4659 Roddenberry, 4674 Pauling, 4790 Petrpravec, 4804 Pasteur, 4897 Tomhamilton, 4923 Clarke, 4942 Munroe, 496 Gryphia, 5010 Amenemhêt, 5080 Oja, 511 Davida, 5148 Giordano, 51823 Rickhusband, 51824 Mikeanderson, 51825 Davidbrown, 51826 Kalpanachawla, 51827 Laurelclark, 51828 Ilanramon, 51829 Williemccool, 525 Adelaide, 5318 Dientzenhofer, 54 Alexandra, 5430 Luu, 545 Messalina, 546 Herodias, 5535 Annefrank, 562 Salome, 5655 Barney, 5656 Oldfield, 588 Achilles, 598 Octavia, 6042 Cheshirecat, 609 Fulvia, 615 Roswitha, 617 Patroclus, 6223 Dahl, 6235 Burney, 624 Hektor, 635 Vundtia, 6377 Cagney, 6398 Timhunter, 6433 Enya, 644 Cosima, 6469 Armstrong, 6470 Aldrin, 650 Amalasuntha, 653 Berenike, 6546 Kaye, 676 Melitta, 677 Aaltje, 68109 Naomipasachoff, 689 Zita, 697 Galilea, 712 Boliviana, 7166 Kennedy, 719 Albert, 729 Watsonia, 734 Benda, 742 Edisona, 761 Brendelia, 7655 Adamries, 767 Bondia, 768 Struveana, 77185 Cherryh, 775 Lumière, 777 Gutemberga, 7796 Járacimrman, 7835 Myroncope, 784 Pickeringia, 786 Bredichina, 792 Metcalfia, 806 Gyldénia, 816 Juliana, 818 Kapteynia, 819 Barnardiana, 823 Sisigambis, 827 Wolfiana, 828 Lindemannia, 83 Beatrix, 831 Stateira, 8318 Averroes, 832 Karin, 834 Burnhamia, 837 Schwarzschilda, 8373 Stephengould, 843 Nicolaia, 852 Wladilena, 853 Nansenia, 854 Frostia, 855 Newcombia, 856 Backlunda, 857 Glasenappia, 8661 Ratzinger, 87 Sylvia, 872 Holda, 873 Mechthild, 876 Scott, 879 Ricarda, 886 Washingtonia, 888 Parysatis, 89 Julia, 892 Seeligeria, 898 Hildegard, 904 Rockefellia, 911 Agamemnon, 914 Palisana, 92 Undina, 932 Hooveria, 944 Hidalgo, 9617 Grahamchapman, 9826 Ehrenfreund, 9912 Donizetti, 993 Moultona, 9936 Al-Biruni, 995 Sternberga, 9969 Braille, 999 Zachia, 99942 Apophis, 9999 Wiles. Expand index (1672 more) » « Shrink index
Aaltje Noordewier-Reddingius (born Aaltje Reddingius; 1 September 1868, Deurne – 6 April 1949, Hilversum) was a noted Dutch classical soprano who had an active performance career in the concert repertoire from 1888 through the 1930s.
Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music.
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Abolitionism is a general term which describes the movement to end slavery.
Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur (Abulgʻozi Bahodirxon Abulgazi, Ebulgazi, Abu-l-Ghazi, August 24, 1603 – 1663) was a khan of the Khanate of Khiva from 1643 to 1663.
In Greek mythology, Achilles or Achilleus (Ἀχιλλεύς, Achilleus) was a Greek hero of the Trojan War and the central character and greatest warrior of Homer's Iliad.
Adam Carolla (born May 27, 1964) is an American comedian, radio personality, television host, actor, podcaster, and director.
Adam Ries (January 17, 1492 – March 30, 1559) was a German mathematician.
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (Adelaide Louise Theresa Caroline Amelia;; 13 August 1792 – 2 December 1849) was the queen consort of the United Kingdom and of Hanover as spouse of William IV of the United Kingdom.
Aden B. Meinel (November 25, 1922 – October 3, 2011) was an American astronomer.
Adolf Born (12 June 1930 – 22 May 2016) was a Czech painter, illustrator, caricaturist, and filmmaker.
Adolf Franz Karl Viktor Maria Loos (10 December 1870 – 23 August 1933) was an Austrian and Czech architect and influential European theorist of modern architecture.
Adolph Friedrich Lindemann (13 May 1846 – 25 August 1931) was a British engineer, businessman, and amateur astronomer of German origin.
Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet FRSFor FRSE (22 February 1796 – 17 February 1874) was a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist.
Adrien Brody (born April 14, 1973) is an American actor and producer.
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).
Aesop (Αἴσωπος,; c. 620 – 564 BCE) was a Greek fabulist and storyteller credited with a number of fables now collectively known as Aesop's Fables.
In Greek mythology, Agamemnon (Ἀγαμέμνων, Ἀgamémnōn) was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodike (Λαοδίκη), Orestes and Chrysothemis.
Akhenaten (also spelled Echnaton, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, and Khuenaten; meaning "Effective for Aten"), known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, and meaning "Amun Is Satisfied"), was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC.
(born 1961) is a Japanese astronomer.
Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Chorasmian/ابوریحان بیرونی Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; New Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī) (973–1050), known as Al-Biruni (البيروني) in English, was an IranianD.J. Boilot, "Al-Biruni (Beruni), Abu'l Rayhan Muhammad b. Ahmad", in Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden), New Ed., vol.1:1236–1238.
Al-Farabi (known in the West as Alpharabius; c. 872 – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951) was a renowned philosopher and jurist who wrote in the fields of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic.
Alan Alda (born Alphonso Joseph D'Abruzzo; January 28, 1936) is an American actor, director, screenwriter, and author.
Alan LaVern Bean (March 15, 1932 – May 26, 2018) was an American naval officer and naval aviator, aeronautical engineer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut; he was the fourth person to walk on the Moon.
Alan P. Boss (born 20 July 1951, in Lakewood, Ohio) is a United States astrophysicist and planetary scientist.
Alan Hale (born March 7, 1958) is an American professional astronomer, best known for his co-discovery of Comet Hale–Bopp along with amateur astronomer Thomas Bopp.
Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer of the Second Viennese School.
Albert Bierstadt (January 7, 1830 – February 18, 1902) was an American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Albert Salomon Anselm Freiherr von Rothschild (October 29, 1844 – February 11, 1911) was a banker in Austria-Hungary and a member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria.
Alberto Aleandro Uderzo (born 25 April 1927), known as Albert Uderzo, is a French comic book artist and scriptwriter.
Alberto Angela (born April 8, 1962) is an Italian paleontologist, scientific popularizer, writer and journalist.
Albrecht Otto Johannes Unsöld (20 April 1905 – 23 September 1995) was a German astrophysicist known for his contributions to spectroscopic analysis of stellar atmospheres.
Alejandro Jodorowsky Prullansky (born 17 February 1929) is a Chilean-French filmmaker.
Aleksandr Leonidovich Zaitsev (Александр Леонидович Зайцев; born May 19, 1945) is a Russian and Soviet radio engineer and astronomer from Fryazino.
Aleksandra Nikolayevna Pakhmutova (Александра Николаевна Пахмутова; born 9 November 1929) is a Soviet and Russian composer.
Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti (2 May 1660 – 22 October 1725) was an Italian Baroque composer, known especially for his operas and chamber cantatas.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (a; 12 November 183327 February 1887) was a Russian Romantic composer of Georgian-Russian origin, as well as a doctor and chemist.
Alexander Mikhailovich Opekushin (Александр Михайлович Опекушин) (November 28, 1838 - March 4, 1923) was a Russian sculptor.
Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Покры́шкин; 6 March 1913 – 13 November 1985) was a top Soviet flying ace and a Marshal of the Soviet Air Force.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (a) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic eraBasker, Michael.
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин; –) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (14 September 17696 May 1859) was a Prussian polymath, geographer, naturalist, explorer, and influential proponent of Romantic philosophy and science.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (born October 13, 1989) is an American political activist, educator, community organizer and politician.
Alfred W. Adler(7 February 1870 – 28 May 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology.
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English film director and producer, widely regarded as one of the most influential filmmakers in the history of cinema.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist.
Alfred Lothar Wegener (–) was a German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.
Alphonse Louis Nicolas Borrelly (December 8, 1842 – February 28, 1926) was a French astronomer.
Alfons Maria Mucha (24 July 1860 – 14 July 1939), known as Alphonse Mucha, was a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, known best for his distinct style.
Amalasuntha (also known as Amalasuentha, Amalaswintha, Amalasuintha, Amalswinthe, Amalasontha or Amalsenta) (30 April 534/535) was a regent of the Ostrogoths during the minority of her son from 526 to 534, and ruling queen regnant from 534 to 535.
Fabienne-Claire Nothomb (French), better known by her pen name Amélie Nothomb,État présent de la noblesse belge, éditions of 1979, 1995 and 2010.
Amenemhat or Amenemhet is an Ancient Egyptian name meaning "Amun is in front".
American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, and Wolfman Jack.
Amy Mainzer (born January 2, 1974) is an American astronomer, specializing in astrophysical instrumentation and infrared astronomy.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Anaximander (Ἀναξίμανδρος Anaximandros; was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus,"Anaximander" in Chambers's Encyclopædia.
Anders Celsius (27 November 170125 April 1744) was a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician.
André Franquin (3 January 1924 – 5 January 1997) was an influential Belgian comics artist, whose best known creations are Gaston and Marsupilami.
André Patry (22 November 1902 – 20 June 1960) was a French astronomer and discoverer of 9 minor planets in the late 1930s.
André-Louis Danjon (6 April 1890 – 21 April 1967) was a French astronomer born in Caen to Louis Dominique Danjon and Marie Justine Binet.
Andrea Bocelli, (born 22 September 1958) is an Italian singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Andreas Gryphius (2 October 161616 July 1664) was a German lyric poet and dramatist.
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (p; 21 May 192114 December 1989) was a Russian nuclear physicist, dissident, and activist for disarmament, peace and human rights.
Sir Andrew John Wiles (born 11 April 1953) is a British mathematician and a Royal Society Research Professor at the University of Oxford, specialising in number theory.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
Ang Lee OBS (born October 23, 1954) is a Taiwanese film director and screenwriter.
Anna Andreyevna Gorenkoa; Анна Андріївна Горенко, Anna Andriyivna Horenko (– 5 March 1966), better known by the pen name Anna Akhmatova (Анна Ахматова), was one of the most significant Russian poets of the 20th century.
Anna Freud (3 December 1895 – 9 October 1982) was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst.
Anne Brontë (commonly; 17 January 1820 – 28 May 1849) was an English novelist and poet, the youngest member of the Brontë literary family.
Annelies Marie Frank (12 June 1929 – February or March 1945)Research by The Anne Frank House in 2015 revealed that Frank may have died in February 1945 rather than in March, as Dutch authorities had long assumed.
Annibale de Gasparis (November 9, 1819, Bugnara – March 21, 1892, Naples) was an Italian astronomer, born in Bugnara to parents originally from Tocco da Casauria.
Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) was an American astronomer whose cataloging work was instrumental in the development of contemporary stellar classification.
Anoushka Shankar (Bengali: অনুষ্কা শঙ্কর) (born 9 June 1981) is a British Indian sitar player and composer.
is a Japanese picture book series written by Takashi Yanase, running from 1973 until the author's death in 2013.
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger, comte de Saint-Exupéry (29 June 1900 – 31 July 1944) was a French writer, poet, aristocrat, journalist, and pioneering aviator.
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution;; 26 August 17438 May 1794) CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) was a French nobleman and chemist who was central to the 18th-century chemical revolution and who had a large influence on both the history of chemistry and the history of biology.
Anton Bernolák (Hungarian: Bernolák Antal) (3 October 1762 in Slanica (Szlanica), a now inundated village near Námestovo) – 15 January 1813 in Nové Zámky (Érsekújvár) was a Slovak linguist and Catholic priest, and the author of the first Slovak language standard.
Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.
Anton Friedrich Wilhelm (von) Webern (3 December 188315 September 1945) was an Austrian composer and conductor.
Antonín Bečvář (10 June 1901 – 10 January 1965) was a Czech astronomer who was active in Slovakia.
Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.
Antonín Mrkos (27 January 1918 – 29 May 1996) was a Czech astronomer, born in Střemchoví, Czechoslovakia.
Antonín Rükl (September 22, 1932 – July 12, 2016) was a Czech astronomer, cartographer, and author.
Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek FRS (24 October 1632 – 26 August 1723) was a Dutch businessman and scientist in the Golden Age of Dutch science and technology.
Antonio Abetti (June 19, 1846 – February 20, 1928) was an Italian astronomer.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (4 March 1678 – 28 July 1741) was an Italian Baroque musical composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric.
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Aram Il'yich Khachaturian (Ара́м Ильи́ч Хачатуря́н; Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan;; 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.
Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American singer and songwriter.
Aristarchus of Samos (Ἀρίσταρχος ὁ Σάμιος, Aristarkhos ho Samios; c. 310 – c. 230 BC) was an ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician who presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it (see Solar system).
Aristarkh Apollonovich Belopolsky (Аристарх Аполлонович Белопольский), Moscow – 16 May 1934, Pulkovo, Leningrad) was a Russian astronomer. He was born in Moscow but his father's ancestors are from a Serbian town called Belo Polje.
Aristide Cavaillé-Coll (4 February 1811 – 13 October 1899), was a French organ builder.
Aristophanes (Ἀριστοφάνης,; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion (Cydathenaeum), was a comic playwright of ancient Athens.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Armand Pien (1920 – 2003) was a Belgian weatherman for 37 years.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld, (5 December 1868 – 26 April 1951) was a German theoretical physicist who pioneered developments in atomic and quantum physics, and also educated and mentored a large number of students for the new era of theoretical physics.
Arsène Wenger (born 22 October 1949) is a French football manager and former player.
Artaxerxes II Mnemon (𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂, meaning "whose reign is through truth") was the Xšâyathiya Xšâyathiyânâm (King of Kings) of Persia from 404 BC until his death in 358 BC.
Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008) was a British science fiction writer, science writer and futurist, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host.
Arthur Holly Compton (September 10, 1892 – March 15, 1962) was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his 1923 discovery of the Compton effect, which demonstrated the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur Philip Dent is a fictional character and the hapless protagonist of the comic science fiction series The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams.
Arthur Michell Ransome (18 January 1884 – 3 June 1967) was an English author and journalist.
Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (20 October 1854 – 10 November 1891) was a French poet who is known for his influence on modern literature and arts, which prefigured surrealism.
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.
Artturi Ilmari Virtanen (15 January 1895 – 11 November 1973) was a Finnish chemist and recipient of the 1945 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his research and inventions in agricultural and nutrition chemistry, especially for his fodder preservation method".
Asaph Hall III (October 15, 1829 – November 22, 1907) was an American astronomer who is most famous for having discovered the moons of Mars, Deimos and Phobos, in 1877.
Ashurbanipal (Aššur-bāni-apli; ܐܫܘܪ ܒܢܐ ܐܦܠܐ; 'Ashur is the creator of an heir'), also spelled Assurbanipal or Ashshurbanipal, was King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 668 BC to c. 627 BC, the son of Esarhaddon and the last strong ruler of the empire, which is usually dated between 934 and 609 BC.
Asterix or The Adventures of Asterix (Astérix or Astérix le Gaulois) is a series of French comics.
Asteroid Day (also known as International Asteroid Day) is an annual global event which is held on the anniversary of the Siberian Tunguska event that took place on June 30th, 1908, the most harmful known asteroid-related event on Earth in recent history.
Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren (born Ericsson;; 14 November 1907 – 28 January 2002) was a Swedish writer of fiction and screenplays.
Astrid of Sweden (17 November 1905 – 29 August 1935) was Queen of the Belgians as the first wife of King Leopold III.
Atahualpa, also Atahuallpa, Atabalipa (in Hispanicized spellings) or Atawallpa (Quechua) (c. 1502–26 July 1533) was the last Inca Emperor.
Audrey Hepburn (born Audrey Kathleen Ruston; 4 May 192920 January 1993) was a British actress, model, dancer and humanitarian.
August Ferdinand Möbius (17 November 1790 – 26 September 1868) was a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer.
August Herman Pfund (December 28, 1879 – January 4, 1949) was an American-born physicist, spectroscopist, and inventor.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Auguste Honoré Charlois (November 26, 1864 – March 26, 1910) was a French astronomer who discovered 99 asteroids while working at the Nice Observatory in southeastern France.
Auguste Antoine Piccard (28 January 1884 – 24 March 1962) was a Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer, known for his record-breaking helium-filled balloon flights, with which he studied Earth's upper atmosphere and cosmic rays, and for his invention of the first bathyscaphe, FNRS-2, with which he made a number of unmanned dives in 1948 to explore the ocean's depths.
Auguste von Littrow, née von Bischoff-Altenstein (13 February 1819 in Prague – 23 March 1890 in Vienna) was a German-Austrian author and women's movement leader.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
Ibn Rushd (ابن رشد; full name; 1126 – 11 December 1198), often Latinized as Averroes, was an Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, physics, Islamic jurisprudence and law, and linguistics.
Avicenna (also Ibn Sīnā or Abu Ali Sina; ابن سینا; – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.
Édouard Albert Roche (17 October 1820 – 27 April 1883) was a French astronomer and mathematician, who is best known for his work in the field of celestial mechanics.
Émile Léonard Mathieu (15 May 1835, Metz – 19 October 1890, Nancy) was a French mathematician.
Éva Ruttkai (31 December 1927, Budapest – 27 September 1986, Budapest) was a Hungarian actress, well known from her work on stage, cinema, and television productions.
Li Yaotang (25 November 190417 October 2005), better known by his pen name Ba Jin, was a Chinese author and political activist best known for his novel Family.
The Bach family was of importance in the history of music for nearly two hundred years, with over 50 known musicians and several notable composers, the best-known of whom was Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750).
Bartholomeus Jan "Bart" Bok (April 28, 1906 – August 5, 1983) was a Dutch-born American astronomer, teacher, and lecturer.
Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa,; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.
Bata Brands is a multinational shoes maker based in Lausanne, Switzerland.
The Bayreuth Festival (Bayreuther Festspiele) is a music festival held annually in Bayreuth, Germany, at which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.
Beatrice "Bice" di Folco Portinari (pronounced, 1265 – 8 June 1290) was an Italian woman who has been commonly identified as the principal inspiration for Dante Alighieri's Vita Nuova, and is also commonly identified with the Beatrice who appears as one of his guides in the Divine Comedy (La Divina Commedia) in the last book, Paradiso, and in the last four cantos of Purgatorio.
Bedřich (Friedrich) Hrozný (May 6, 1879 – December 12, 1952) was a Czech orientalist and linguist.
Bedřich Smetana (2 March 1824 – 12 May 1884) was a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style that became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood.
The Bee Gees --> were a pop music group formed in 1958.
Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren (21 January 1908 – 4 July 1987) was a Danish astronomer and astrophysicist.
Édouard Benjamin Baillaud (14 February 1848 – 8 July 1934) (aged 86) was a French astronomer.
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Benoit B.  Mandelbrot  (20 November 1924 – 14 October 2010) was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician and polymath with broad interests in the practical sciences, especially regarding what he labeled as "the art of roughness" of physical phenomena and "the uncontrolled element in life".
Beowulf is an Old English epic story consisting of 3,182 alliterative lines.
Berenice II (267 or 266 BC – 221 BC) was a ruling queen of Cyrene by birth, and a queen and co-regent of Egypt by marriage to her cousin Ptolemy III Euergetes, the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt.
Bernard M. Oliver (May 27, 1916 – November 23, 1995), also known as Barney Oliver, was a scientist who made contributions in many fields, including radar, television, and computers.
Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (1778–1842) was a Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence.
Bernhard Woldemar Schmidt (– 1 December 1935) was a German optician.
Bertha Schwarz, often known by her stage name Bianca Bianchi, was a coloratura soprano opera singer of the late 19th century.
Bianca Castafiore, the "Milanese Nightingale", is a fictional character in The Adventures of Tintin, the comics series by Belgian cartoonist Hergé.
Bilbo Baggins is the title character and protagonist of J. R. R. Tolkien's 1937 novel The Hobbit, as well as a supporting character in The Lord of the Rings.
William John Clifton Haley (July 6, 1925 – February 9, 1981) was an American rock and roll musician.
William Sanford Nye (born November 27, 1955), popularly known as Bill Nye the Science Guy, is an American science communicator, television presenter, and mechanical engineer.
Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.
Božena Němcová (4 February 1820 in Vienna – 21 January 1862 in Prague) was a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.
Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, and painter who has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for more than five decades.
Bobera Eggleton (born September 13, 1960) is an American science fiction, fantasy, and horror artist.
Bohdan Paczyński or Bohdan Paczynski (8 February 1940 – 19 April 2007) was a Polish astronomer notable in the theory of the stellar evolution, accretion discs, and gamma ray bursts.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
A Bohemian is a resident of Bohemia, a region of the Czech Republic or the former Kingdom of Bohemia, a region of the former Crown of Bohemia (lands of the Bohemian Crown).
Bohumil Hrabal (28 March 1914 – 3 February 1997) was a Czech writer, often cited as one of the best Czech writers of the 20th century.
Bohuslav Jan Martinů (December 8, 1890 – August 28, 1959) was a Czech composer of modern classical music.
Bohuslav Reynek (born 31 May 1892 at Petrkov Manor, Vysočina Region, Bohemia; died 28 October 1971, at Petrkov Manor) was one of the most important Czech poets, writers, painters and translators of the 20th century.
Boris Petrovich Gerasimovich (Борис Петрович Герасимович; – June, 1937) was a Russian and Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist.
William Bradley "Brad" Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an American actor and film producer.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
Brian Geoffrey Marsden (5 August 1937 – 18 November 2010) was an English astronomer and the longtime director of the Minor Planet Center (MPC) at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (director emeritus from 2006 to 2010).
Brian Thomas Grazer (born July 12, 1951) is an American film and television producer.
Brian Douglas Wilson (born June 20, 1942) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer who co-founded <!-- DO NOT CAPITALIZE -->the Beach Boys.
Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot (born 28 September 1934) is a French actress, singer, dancer, and fashion model, who later became an animal rights activist.
Brno University of Technology (abbreviated: BUT; in Czech: Vysoké učení technické v Brně – Czech abbreviation: VUT) is a university located in Brno, Czech Republic.
Broadcom MASTERS, a program of Society for Science & the Public, is a national science competition for U.S. middle school students.
Bruce William Hapke (born February 17, 1931) is a noted American planetary scientist.
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter and musician, known for his work with the E Street Band.
Bruno Benedetto Rossi (13 April 1905 – 21 November 1993) was an Italian experimental physicist.
Bruno Walter (born Bruno Schlesinger, September 15, 1876February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor, pianist and composer.
William Alexander "Bud" Abbott (October 2, 1897 – April 24, 1974) was an American actor of burlesque, radio, stage, television and film, producer, and comedian.
Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known as Buddy Holly, was an American musician, singer-songwriter and record producer who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll.
Buzz Aldrin (born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr.; January 20, 1930) is an American engineer, former astronaut, and Command Pilot in the United States Air Force.
Carolyn Janice Cherry (born September 1, 1942), better known by the pen name C. J. Cherryh, is an American writer of speculative fiction.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 188821 November 1970) was an Indian physicist born in the former Madras Province in India presently the state of Tamil Nadu, who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering, which earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
In Virgil's Aeneid, Camilla of the Volsci is the daughter of King Metabus and Casmilla.
Nicolas Camille Flammarion FRAS (26 February 1842 – 3 June 1925) was a French astronomer and author.
Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.
Canadians (Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada.
Carl Barks (March 27, 1901 – August 25, 2000) was an American cartoonist, author, and painter.
Carl Ferdinand Cori, ForMemRS (December 5, 1896 – October 20, 1984) was a Czech-American biochemist and pharmacologist born in Prague (then in Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic) who, together with his wife Gerty Cori and Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay, received a Nobel Prize in 1947 for their discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy.
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauß; Carolus Fridericus Gauss; 30 April 177723 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to many fields, including algebra, analysis, astronomy, differential geometry, electrostatics, geodesy, geophysics, magnetic fields, matrix theory, mechanics, number theory, optics and statistics.
Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Weizsäcker (28 June 1912 – 28 April 2007) was a German physicist and philosopher.
Carl Friedrich Zelter (11 December 1758 15 May 1832)Grove/Fuller-Maitland, 1910.
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
Carl Robert Osten-Sacken or Carl-Robert Romanovich, Baron von der Osten-Sacken (21 August 1828, St. Petersburg – 20 May 1906, Heidelberg) was a Russian diplomat and entomologist.
Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences.
Carlo Lorenzini, better known by the pen name Carlo Collodi (24 November 1826 – 26 October 1890), was an Italian author and journalist, widely known for his world-renowned fairy tale novel The Adventures of Pinocchio.
Carlos Santana (born July 20, 1947) is a Mexican and American musician who first became famous in the late 1960s and early 1970s with his band, Santana, which pioneered a fusion of rock and Latin American jazz.
Caroline Lucretia Herschel (16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, whose most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, which bears her name.
Charles de l'Écluse, L'Escluse, or Carolus Clusius (Arras, February 19, 1526 – Leiden, April 4, 1609), seigneur de Watènes, was an Artois doctor and pioneering botanist, perhaps the most influential of all 16th-century scientific horticulturists.
Carolyn C. Porco (born March 6, 1953) is an American planetary scientist known for her work in the exploration of the outer solar system, beginning with her imaging work on the Voyager missions to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune in the 1980s.
Cary Grant (born Archibald Alec Leach; January 18, 1904November 29, 1986) was an English-American actor, known as one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men.
Catherine Wolfe Bruce (January 22, 1816, New York – March 13, 1900, New York) was a noted American philanthropist and patroness of astronomy.
César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (10 December 1822 – 8 November 1890) was a composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher who worked in Paris during his adult life.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
Ceres (minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the largest object in the asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, slightly closer to Mars' orbit.
Chan Yik Hei (born 17 October 1989;, Jyutping: can4 yik6 hei1) is a young entrepreneur in Hong Kong.
Charles Augustus Young (December 15, 1834 – January 4, 1908) one of the foremost solar spectroscopist astronomers in the United States, died of pneumonia after a brief illness, at his home in Hanover, New Hampshire, on 4 January 1908.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Charles Dillon Perrine (July 28, 1867 – June 21, 1951) was an American astronomer living in Argentina.
Charles IV (Karel IV., Karl IV., Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378Karl IV. In: (1960): Geschichte in Gestalten (History in figures), vol. 2: F-K. 38, Frankfurt 1963, p. 294), born Wenceslaus, was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.
Sir Alan Charles Maclaurin Mackerras (1925 2010) was an Australian conductor.
Charles Messier (26 June 1730 – 12 April 1817) was a French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects".
Charlotte Brontë (commonly; 21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels have become classics of English literature.
The Cheshire Cat is a fictional cat popularised by Lewis Carroll in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and known for its distinctive mischievous grin.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chris Austin Hadfield (born 29 August 1959) is a retired Canadian astronaut who was the first Canadian to walk in space.
Christopher Russell Edward Squire (4March 1948 – 27June 2015) was an English musician, singer and songwriter best known as the bassist and a founder of the progressive rock band Yes.
Sharon Christa McAuliffe (born Sharon Christa Corrigan; September 2, 1948 – January 28, 1986) was an American teacher from Concord, New Hampshire and one of the seven crew members killed in the Space Shuttle ''Challenger'' disaster.
Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.
Christian Andreas Doppler (29 November 1803 – 17 March 1853) was an Austrian mathematician and physicist.
Christian Köberl (born February 18, 1959 in Vienna) is a professor of impact research and planetary geology at the University of Vienna, Austria, and director general of the Natural History Museum in Vienna.
Christoph Dientzenhofer (Kryštof Dientzenhofer) (born 7 July 1655 in St. Margarethen near Brannenburg, Landkreis Rosenheim - 20 June 1722 in Prague), retrieved 23 September 2012 (in German) was a prominent Bavarian architect of South-German, Austrian and Bohemian Baroque.
Christoph Willibald (Ritter von) Gluck (born on 2 July, baptized 4 July 1714As there is only a documentary record with Gluck's date of baptism, 4 July. According to his widow, he was born on 3 July, but nobody in the 18th century paid attention to the birthdate until Napoleon introduced it. A birth date was only known if the parents kept a diary. The authenticity of the 1785 document (published in the Allgemeinen Wiener Musik-Zeitung vom 6. April 1844) is disputed, by Robl. (Robl 2015, pp. 141–147).--> – 15 November 1787) was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period.
Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist (born 1944) is a Swedish astronomer at the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.
Claudia Octavia (Classical Latin: CLAVDIA•OCTAVIA) (late AD 39 or early AD 40 – 8 June AD 62) was an Empress of Rome.
Claudie (André-Deshays) Haigneré (born 13 May 1957) is a French doctor, politician, and former astronaut with the Centre National d'Études Spatiales (1985–1999) and the European Space Agency (1999–2002).
Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster.
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
Cleopatra VII Philopator (Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ Cleopatra Philopator; 69 – August 10 or 12, 30 BC)Theodore Cressy Skeat, in, uses historical data to calculate the death of Cleopatra as having occurred on 12 August 30 BC.
Clyde William Tombaugh (February 4, 1906January 17, 1997) was an American astronomer.
Cosima Wagner (born Francesca Gaetana Cosima Liszt; 24 December 1837 – 1 April 1930) was the illegitimate daughter of the Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt and Marie d'Agoult.
Creedence Clearwater Revival (often referred to as Creedence or CCR) was an American rock band active in the late 1960s and early 1970s which consisted of lead vocalist, lead guitarist, and primary songwriter John Fogerty, his brother rhythm guitarist Tom Fogerty, bassist Stu Cook, and drummer Doug Clifford.
Curzio Malaparte (9 June 1898 – 19 July 1957), born Kurt Erich Suckert, was an Italian writer, film-maker, war correspondent and diplomat.
Cyrus II of Persia (𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁 Kūruš; New Persian: کوروش Kuruš;; c. 600 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great  and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c. March 1212 – 25 February 1246) was Prince of Gwynedd from 1240 to 1246.
Daniel Kirkwood (September 27, 1814 – June 11, 1895) was an American astronomer.
Daniel O'Connell (Dónall Ó Conaill; 6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), often referred to as The Liberator or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century.
Danny Kaye (born David Daniel Kaminsky; January 18, 1911 – March 3, 1987) was an American actor, singer, dancer, comedian and musician.
Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.
Darius I (Old Persian: Dārayava(h)uš, New Persian: rtl Dāryuš;; c. 550–486 BCE) was the fourth king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
Darius II (Old Persian: Dārayavahuš), was king of the Persian Empire from 423 BC to 404 or 405 BC.
Darius III (c. 380 – July 330 BC), originally named Artashata and called Codomannus by the Greeks, was the last king of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia from 336 BC to 330 BC.
David A. Hardy (born 10 April 1936) is a British space artist.
David Baltimore (born March 7, 1938) is an American biologist, university administrator, and 1975 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine.
David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer-songwriter and actor.
David Gauthier (born 10 September 1932) is a Canadian-American philosopher best known for his neo-Hobbesian social contract (contractarian) theory of morality, as developed in his 1986 book Morals by Agreement.
David H. Levy (born May 22, 1948) is a Canadian astronomer, science writer and discoverer of comets and minor planets, who co-discovered Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 in 1993, which collided with the planet Jupiter in 1994.
David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.
David James Tholen (born 1955) is an American astronomer at the Institute for Astronomy of the University of Hawaii.
Sir David Lean, CBE (25 March 190816 April 1991) was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, responsible for large-scale epics such as The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965) and A Passage to India (1984).
David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946) is an American filmmaker, painter, musician, actor, and photographer.
David McDowell Brown (April 16, 1956 – February 1, 2003) was a United States Navy captain and a NASA astronaut.
David Peck Todd (March 19, 1855 – June 1, 1939) was a noted American astronomer.
Eugénie Bernardine Désirée Clary (8 November 1777 – 17 December 1860), in Swedish officially Eugenia Bernhardina Desideria, was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the consort of King Charles XIV John (a former French General and founder of the House of Bernadotte), mother of Oscar I, and one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (September 9, 1941 – October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist.
Francis Richard Scobee (May 19, 1939 – January 28, 1986) was an American astronaut.
Dientzenhofer is the name of a family of German architects, who were among the leading builders in Bohemian and German Baroque.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Dietrich Bonhoeffer (4 February 1906 – 9 April 1945) was a German pastor, theologian, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church.
Diotima of Mantinea (Διοτίμα; Diotīma) was a philosopher and priestess circa 440 B.C.E. who plays an important role in Plato's Symposium.
The Divine Comedy (Divina Commedia) is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed in 1320, a year before his death in 1321.
Jean Reinhardt (or; 23 January 1910 – 16 May 1953) stage name Django Reinhardt, was a Belgian-born Romani French jazz guitarist, musician and composer, regarded as one of the greatest musicians of the twentieth century.
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (a; 8 February 18342 February 1907 O.S. 27 January 183420 January 1907) was a Russian chemist and inventor.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
Dmitry Yevgenyevich Okhotsimsky (Дми́трий Евге́ньевич Охоци́мский) was a Soviet Russian aerospace engineer and scientist who was the pioneer of space ballistics in the USSR.
Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (Naples, 26 October 1685 Madrid, 23 July 1757) was an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families.
Dominik Hašek (born January 29, 1965) is a retired Czech ice hockey goaltender.
Sir Donald George Bradman, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001), often referred to as "The Don", was an Australian international cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time.
Don Davis (Donald E. Davis, born October 21, 1952) is a space artist known for his portrayals of space-related subjects.
The Ingenious Nobleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha (El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha), or just Don Quixote (Oxford English Dictionary, ""), is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.
Donald C. Parker, also known as Don Parker (January 28, 1939 – February 22, 2015), was an American retired physician and amateur astronomer, specializing in the research of the Solar System and planetary photography.
Donald Duck is a cartoon character created in 1934 at Walt Disney Productions.
Donald Ervin Knuth (born January 10, 1938) is an American computer scientist, mathematician, and professor emeritus at Stanford University.
Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi (c. 1386 – 13 December 1466), better known as Donatello, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor from Florence.
Dorothea Klumpke Roberts (August 9, 1861 in San Francisco – October 5, 1942 in San Francisco) was an astronomer.
Douglas Noel Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, scriptwriter, essayist, humorist, satirist and dramatist.
Douglas O. ReVelle (7 December 1945 – 2 May 2010) was an American scientist, who worked for the Earth and Environmental Sciences Division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
John H. Watson, known as Dr.
David Drew Pinsky (born September 4, 1958), commonly known as Dr.
Duke Krok is a legendary figure in Czech history, being the first judge, or duke, of the Czech people.
Earl Charles Slipher (March 25, 1883 – August 7, 1964) was an American astronomer.
Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (–) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist.
Sir Edmund Percival Hillary OSN (20 July 1919 – 11 January 2008) was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist.
Edoardo Amaldi (5 September 1908 – 5 December 1989) was an Italian physicist.
Prof Edward Charles Pickering FRS(For) HFRSE (July 19, 1846 – February 3, 1919) was an American astronomer and physicist and the older brother to William Henry Pickering.
Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire.
Edward Emerson Barnard (December 16, 1857 – February 6, 1923) was an American astronomer.
Edward James Olmos (born February 24, 1947) is an American actor and director.
Edward Singleton Holden (November 5, 1846 – March 16, 1914) was an American astronomer and the fifth president of the University of California.
Edward Tuck (August 24, 1842 – April 30, 1938) was an American banker, diplomat, and philanthropist.
Edward Witten (born August 26, 1951) is an American theoretical physicist and professor of mathematical physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.
Edwin Brant Frost II (July 14, 1866 – May 14, 1935) was an American astronomer.
Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer.
Ejnar Hertzsprung (8 October 1873 – 21 October 1967) was a Danish chemist and astronomer born in Copenhagen.
Eleanor Francis "Glo" Helin (née Francis, 19 November 1932 – 25 January 2009) was an American astronomer.
Elfriede "Elfi" von Dassanowsky (February 2, 1924October 2, 2007) was an Austrian-born singer, pianist and film producer.
Elias Lönnrot (9 April 1802 – 19 March 1884) was a Finnish physician, philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry.
was an American astronaut from Kealakekua, Hawaii, who successfully flew into space with the Space Shuttle ''Discovery'' on STS-51-C. He died in the destruction of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger'', on which he was serving as Mission Specialist for mission STS-51-L. He was the first Asian American and the first person of Japanese ancestry to reach space.
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.
Emil Abderhalden (March 9, 1877 – August 5, 1950) was a Swiss biochemist and physiologist.
Emil Zátopek (19 September 1922 – 22 November 2000) was a Czechoslovak long-distance runner best known for winning three gold medals at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki.
Emily Jane Brontë (commonly; 30 July 1818 – 19 December 1848) was an English novelist and poet who is best known for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature.
Emma Vyssotsky (October 23, 1894 – May 12, 1975), born Emma T. R. Williams in Media, Pennsylvania was an American astronomer.
Emmy Destinn (26 February 1878 – 28 January 1930) was a Czech operatic soprano with a strong and soaring lyric-dramatic voice.
Engelbert Humperdinck (1 September 1854 – 27 September 1921) was a German composer, best known for his opera Hansel and Gretel.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Enrico Caruso (25 February 1873 – 2 August 1921) was an Italian operatic tenor.
Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian-American physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.
Eithne Pádraigín Ní Bhraonáin (anglicised as Enya Patricia Brennan; born 17 May 1961), known professionally as Enya, is an Irish singer, songwriter and musician.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene (Ἐρατοσθένης ὁ Κυρηναῖος,; –) was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist.
Ercole (Hercules) Dembowski (12 January 1812 – 19 January 1881) was an Italian astronomer.
Erhard Mauersberger (29 December 1903 in Mauersberg, Saxony – 11 December 1982 in Leipzig) was a German choral conductor, conducting the Thomanerchor as the fourteenth Thomaskantor since Johann Sebastian Bach.
Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
Eric Idle (born 29 March 1943) is an English comedian, actor, voice actor, author, singer-songwriter, musician, writer and comedic composer.
Eric Walter Elst (born 1936) is a Belgian astronomer at the Observatory at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Uccle and a prolific discoverer of asteroids.
Eric XIV (Erik XIV; 13 December 1533 – 26 February 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568.
Erich Seligmann Fromm (March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German-born American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist.
Erik Homberger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings.
Éric Alfred Leslie Satie (17 May 18661 July 1925), who signed his name Erik Satie after 1884, was a French composer and pianist.
Ernst Karl Abbe HonFRMS (23 January 1840 – 14 January 1905) was a German physicist, optical scientist, entrepreneur, and social reformer.
Ernst Julius Öpik (– 10 September 1985) was an Estonian astronomer and astrophysicist who spent the second half of his career (1948–1981) at the Armagh Observatory in Northern Ireland.
Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach (18 February 1838 – 19 February 1916) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as study of shock waves.
Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (12 August 1887 – 4 January 1961), sometimes written as or, was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory, which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation (stationary and time-dependent Schrödinger equation) and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics.
Esperanto (or; Esperanto) is a constructed international auxiliary language.
Euclid (Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs; fl. 300 BC), sometimes given the name Euclid of Alexandria to distinguish him from Euclides of Megara, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "founder of geometry" or the "father of geometry".
Doña María Eugenia Ignacia Augustina de Palafox y KirkPatrick, 16th Countess of Teba, 15th Marchioness of Ardales (5 May 1826 – 11 July 1920), known as Eugénie de Montijo, was the last Empress Consort of the French (1853–70) as the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French.
Paul Eugen Bleuler (30 April 1857 – 15 July 1939) was a Swiss psychiatrist and eugenicist most notable for his contributions to the understanding of mental illness.
Eugene Andrew Cernan (March 14, 1934 – January 16, 2017) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, electrical engineer, aeronautical engineer, and fighter pilot.
Eugene Merle Shoemaker (April 28, 1928 – July 18, 1997), also known as Gene Shoemaker, was an American geologist and one of the founders of the field of planetary science.
Euripides (Εὐριπίδης) was a tragedian of classical Athens.
Eva María Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952.
Ewen Adair Whitaker (22 June 1922 – 11 October 2016) was a British-born astronomer who specialized in lunar studies.
Professor F. Richard Stephenson (born 1941) is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Durham, in the Physics department and the East Asian Studies department.
Colonel Fei Junlong (born 1965) is a Chinese military pilot and an astronaut.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
Ferdinand Magellan (or; Fernão de Magalhães,; Fernando de Magallanes,; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
Ferenc Puskás (born Ferenc Purczeld; 2 April 1927 – 17 November 2006) was a Hungarian footballer and manager, widely regarded as one of the greatest footballers of all time.
Fernandus Payne (February 13, 1881 – October 13, 1977) was an American zoologist, geneticist and educator.
Fibonacci (c. 1175 – c. 1250) was an Italian mathematician from the Republic of Pisa, considered to be "the most talented Western mathematician of the Middle Ages".
FictionJunction is a singing group that solely performs songs written by Japanese composer Yuki Kajiura.
Filippo Brunelleschi (1377 – April 15, 1446) was an Italian designer and a key figure in architecture, recognised to be the first modern engineer, planner and sole construction supervisor.
The First Lady (Primera Dama) or First Gentleman (Primer Caballero) of Argentina is the unofficial and protocol title of the spouse of the sitting President of Argentina.
Forest Ray Moulton (April 29, 1872 – December 7, 1952) was an American astronomer.
Dominique François Jean Arago (Domènec Francesc Joan Aragó), known simply as François Arago (Catalan: Francesc Aragó) (26 February 17862 October 1853), was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.
François Couperin (10 November 1668 – 11 September 1733) was a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist.
François Rabelais (between 1483 and 1494 – 9 April 1553) was a French Renaissance writer, physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francesc Vicent (1450 in Segorbe – c. 1512) was a Spanish, author who wrote the first treatise about chess using the present-day moves for the queen and the bishop.
Francesco Maria Veracini (1 February 1690 – 31 October 1768) was an Italian composer and violinist, perhaps best known for his sets of violin sonatas.
Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, (22 January 15619 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author.
Francis Baily (28 April 177430 August 1844) was an English astronomer.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.
Frank Kelley Edmondson (August 1, 1912 – December 8, 2008) was an American astronomer.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
Sir Frank Watson Dyson, KBE, FRS, FRSE (8 January 1868 – 25 May 1939) was an English astronomer and Astronomer Royal who is remembered today largely for introducing time signals ("pips") from Greenwich, England, and for the role he played in proving Einstein's theory of general relativity.
Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American musician, composer, activist and filmmaker.
František Drtikol (3 March 1883, Příbram – 13 January 1961, Prague) was a Czech photographer of international renown.
František Kupka (23 September 1871 – 24 June 1957), also known as Frank Kupka or François Kupka, was a Czech painter and graphic artist.
František Palacký (14 June 1798 – 26 May 1876) was a Czech historian and politician, the most influential person of the Czech National Revival, called "Father of the Nation".
Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature.
Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.
Baron Franz Xaver von Zach (Franz Xaver Freiherr von Zach) (4 June 1754 – 2 September 1832) was a Hungarian astronomer born at Pest, Hungary (now Budapest in Hungary).
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Frédéric Sy was a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Fred Espenak (born 1953) is a retired emeritus American astrophysicist.
Fred Lawrence Whipple (November 5, 1906 – August 30, 2004) was an American astronomer, who worked at the Harvard College Observatory for over 70 years.
Fred McFeely Rogers (March 20, 1928 – February 27, 2003) was an American television personality, musician, puppeteer, writer, producer, and Presbyterian minister.
Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 194624 November 1991) was a British singer, songwriter and record producer, best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Queen.
Frederic Edwin Church (May 4, 1826 – April 7, 1900) was an American landscape painter born in Hartford, Connecticut.
Frederick Sumner Brackett (August 1, 1896 – January 28, 1988), was an American physicist and spectroscopist.
Frederik George Pohl Jr. (November 26, 1919 – September 2, 2013) was an American science-fiction writer, editor, and fan, with a career spanning more than 75 years—from his first published work, the 1937 poem "Elegy to a Dead Satellite: Luna", to the 2011 novel All the Lives He Led and articles and essays published in 2012.
Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (22 July 1784 – 17 March 1846) was a German astronomer, mathematician, physicist and geodesist.
Friedrich Heinrich Karl de la Motte, Baron Fouqué (12 February 1777 – 23 January 1843) was a German writer of the Romantic style.
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Василий Яковлевич Струве, trans. Vasily Yakovlevich Struve; 15 April 1793 –) was a German-Russian astronomer and geodesist from the famous Struve family.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Louis Carl Heinrich Friedrich Paschen (22 January 1865 - 25 February 1947), was a German physicist, known for his work on electrical discharges.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.
Philipp Friedrich Silcher (27 June 1789 in Schnait (today part of Weinstadt) – 26 August 1860 in Tübingen), was a German composer, mainly known for his lieder (songs), and an important folksong collector.
Friedrich Wilhelm August Argelander (22 March 1799 – 17 February 1875) was a German astronomer.
Frits Zernike (16 July 1888 – 10 March 1966) was a Dutch physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize for physics in 1953 for his invention of the phase-contrast microscope.
Fritz Zwicky (February 14, 1898 – February 8, 1974) was a Swiss astronomer.
Fulvia (c. 83 BC – 40 BC) was an aristocratic Roman woman who lived during the Late Roman Republic.
Fyodor Aleksandrovich Bredikhin (Фёдор Александрович Бредихин, 8 December 1831 – 14 May 1904 (O.S.: 1 May)) was a Russian astronomer.
Fyodor Mikhailovich DostoevskyHis name has been variously transcribed into English, his first name sometimes being rendered as Theodore or Fedor.
Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer.
Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.
Eugene Wesley Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American television screenwriter and producer.
Georg Ots (21 March 1920 – 5 September 1975) was an Estonian singer and actor.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher and the most important figure of German idealism.
George Eric Deacon Alcock, MBE (28 August 1912 Peterborough, Northamptonshire– 15 December 2000) was an English astronomer.
George Timothy Clooney (born May 6, 1961) is an American actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and businessman.
George Ellery Hale (June 29, 1868 – February 21, 1938) was an American solar astronomer, best known for his discovery of magnetic fields in sunspots, and as the leader or key figure in the planning or construction of several world-leading telescopes; namely, the 40-inch refracting telescope at Yerkes Observatory, 60-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory, 100-inch Hooker reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson, and the 200-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Palomar Observatory.
George Enescu (19 August 1881 – 4 May 1955), known in France as Georges Enesco, was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor, and teacher.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
George Gamow (March 4, 1904- August 19, 1968), born Georgiy Antonovich Gamov, was a Russian-American theoretical physicist and cosmologist.
George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.
George Harrison (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001) was an English guitarist, singer-songwriter, and producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur.
George Ogden Abell (March 1, 1927 – October 7, 1983) taught at UCLA.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
George Phillips Bond (May 20, 1825February 17, 1865) was an American astronomer.
Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876), best known by her nom de plume George Sand, was a French novelist and memoirist.
George Hosato Takei (born Hosato Takei, April 20, 1937) is an American actor, director, author, and activist.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
George William Hill (March 3, 1838 – April 16, 1914), was an American astronomer and mathematician.
Georges Henri Joseph Édouard Lemaître, RAS Associate (17 July 1894 – 20 June 1966) was a Belgian Catholic Priest, astronomer and professor of physics at the Catholic University of Leuven.
Georges Perec (7 March 1936 – 3 March 1982) was a French novelist, filmmaker, documentalist, and essayist.
Georgiy Timofeyevich Dobrovolsky (Гео́ргий Тимофе́евич Доброво́льский; June 1, 1928June 30, 1971) was a Soviet cosmonaut who served on the three-man crew of the Soyuz 11 spacecraft.
Georgy Yakovlevich Sedov (–) was a Russian Arctic explorer.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (– 18 June 1974) was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo.
Gerard Peter Kuiper (born Gerrit Pieter Kuiper; December 7, 1905 – December 23, 1973) was a Dutch–American astronomer, planetary scientist, selenographer, author and professor.
Gerardus Mercator (5 March 1512 – 2 December 1594) was a 16th-century German-Flemish cartographer, geographer and cosmographer.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gerty Theresa Cori (née Radnitz; August 15, 1896 – October 26, 1957) was a Jewish Czech-American biochemist who became the third woman—and first American woman—to win a Nobel Prize in science, and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Giacomo Girolamo Casanova (or; 2 April 1725 – 4 June 1798) was an Italian adventurer and author from the Republic of Venice.
Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giordano Bruno (Iordanus Brunus Nolanus; 1548 – 17 February 1600), born Filippo Bruno, was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet, and cosmological theorist.
Giorgio Abetti (5 October 1882 – 24 August 1982) was an Italian solar astronomer.
Giovanni Battista Donati Associate RAS (16 December 1826, Pisa, Italy20 September 1873, Florence, Italy) was an Italian astronomer.
Giovanni Battista Draghi (4 January 1710 – 16 or 17 March 1736), often referred to as Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, was an Italian composer, violinist and organist.
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (March 5, 1696 – March 27, 1770), also known as Gianbattista or Giambattista Tiepolo, was an Italian painter and printmaker from the Republic of Venice.
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525 – 2 February 1594) was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.
Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli FRS(For) HFRSE (14 March 1835 Savigliano – 4 July 1910 Milan) was an Italian astronomer and science historian.
Girolamo Alessandro Frescobaldi (also Gerolamo, Girolimo, and Geronimo Alissandro; September, 15831 March 1643) was a musician from Ferrara, one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods.
Giuseppe Garibaldi; 4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. His last military campaign took place during the Franco-Prussian War as commander of the Army of the Vosges. Garibaldi was very popular in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand, showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances. In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers, the Garibaldini, in lieu of a uniform.
Giuseppe Paolo Stanislao "Beppo" Occhialini ForMemRS (5 December 1907 – 30 December 1993) was an Italian physicist, who contributed to the discovery of the pion or pi-meson decay in 1947, with César Lattes and Cecil Frank Powell (Nobel Prize for Physics).
Giuseppe Piazzi (16 July 1746 – 22 July 1826) was an Italian Catholic priest of the Theatine order, mathematician, and astronomer.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
Glenn Theodore Seaborg (April 19, 1912February 25, 1999) was an American chemist whose involvement in the synthesis, discovery and investigation of ten transuranium elements earned him a share of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
This is a list of the Goa'uld characters that appear in Stargate, Stargate SG-1, and Stargate Atlantis.
Gorm the Old (Gorm den Gamle, Gormr gamli, Gormus Senex), also called Gorm the Languid (Gorm Løge, Gorm den Dvaske), was the first historically recognized ruler of Denmark, reigning from to his death.
Marcel Gottlieb (14 July 1934 – 4 December 2016), known professionally as Gotlib, was a French comics artist/writer and publisher.
Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege (8 November 1848 – 26 July 1925) was a German philosopher, logician, and mathematician.
Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929September 14, 1982) was an American film actress who became Princess of Monaco after marrying Prince Rainier III, in April 1956.
Graham Arthur Chapman (8 January 1941 – 4 October 1989) was an English comedian, writer, actor, author, and one of the six members of the British surreal comedy group Monty Python.
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; Velká Morava; Veľká Morava; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), and Hungary.
Gregor Johann Mendel (Řehoř Jan Mendel; 20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia.
Gregory Bruce Jarvis (August 24, 1944 – January 28, 1986) was an American engineer who died during the destruction of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger'' on mission STS-51-L, where he was serving as Payload Specialist for Hughes Aircraft.
Gregory Skovoroda, also Hryhorii Skovoroda, or Grigory Skovoroda (Gregorius Scovoroda, Григорій Савич Сковорода, Hryhorii Savych Skovoroda; Григо́рий Са́ввич Сковорода́, Grigory Savvich Skovoroda; 3 December 1722 – 9 November 1794) was a philosopher of Cossack origin, who wrote primarily in the Sloboda Ukraine dialect of the Russian language.
Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman (a; born 13 June 1966) is a Russian mathematician.
Grigorij S. Richters (born 21 May 1987) is a director, activist and producer.
Grigory Nikolayevich Neujmin (Григорий Николаевич Неуймин; –December 17, 1946) was a Georgian–Russian astronomer, native of Tbilisi in Georgia, and a discoverer of minor planets and comets at the Pulkovo and Simeiz Observatories during the first half of the 20th century.
Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault; c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer.
Guinevere (Gwenhwyfar; Gwenivar), often written as Guenevere or Gwenevere, is the wife of King Arthur in Arthurian legend.
Guo Shoujing (1231–1316), courtesy name Ruosi (若思), was a Chinese astronomer, engineer, and mathematician born in Xingtai, Hebei who lived during the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).
Gustav Theodor Fechner (19 April 1801 – 18 November 1887), was a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist.
Gustav Theodore Holst (born Gustavus Theodore von Holst; 21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934) was an English composer, arranger and teacher.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
Gustav Adolf Feodor Wilhelm Ludwig Mie (29 September 1868 – 13 February 1957) was a German physicist.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
Gustave Flaubert (12 December 1821 – 8 May 1880) was a French novelist.
György "Kolo" Kolonics (4 June 1972 – 15 July 2008) was a Hungarian sprint canoeist who won two gold and two bronze medals at four Summer Olympics.
Hammurabi was the sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty, reigning from 1792 BC to 1750 BC (according to the Middle Chronology).
Johanna "Hannah" Arendt (14 October 1906 – 4 December 1975) was a German-born American philosopher and political theorist.
Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (30 May 1908 – 2 April 1995) was a Swedish electrical engineer, plasma physicist and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on magnetohydrodynamics (MHD).
Hans Albrecht Bethe (July 2, 1906 – March 6, 2005) was a German-American nuclear physicist who made important contributions to astrophysics, quantum electrodynamics and solid-state physics, and won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis.
Hans Christian Ørsted (often rendered Oersted in English; 14 August 17779 March 1851) was a Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields, which was the first connection found between electricity and magnetism.
Hans Freudenthal (17 September 1905 – 13 October 1990) was a Jewish-German-born Dutch mathematician.
Johannes Wilhelm "Hans" Geiger (30 September 1882 – 24 September 1945) was a German physicist.
Hans Florian Zimmer (born 12 September 1957) is a German film score composer and record producer.
Hans-Emil Schuster (born September 19, 1934 in Hamburg) is a German astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and comets, who retired in October 1991.
Harlan Jay Ellison (May 27, 1934 – June 28, 2018) was an American writer, known for his prolific and influential work in New Wave speculative fiction, and for his outspoken, combative personality.
Harlow Shapley (November 2, 1885 – October 20, 1972) was a 20th-century American scientist, head of the Harvard College Observatory (1921–1952), and political activist during the latter New Deal and Fair Deal.
Sir Harold Spencer Jones KBE FRS FRSE PRAS (29 March 1890 Kensington, London – 3 November 1960) was an English astronomer.
Harold Clayton Urey (April 29, 1893 – January 5, 1981) was an American physical chemist whose pioneering work on isotopes earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 for the discovery of deuterium.
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist and political activist.
Harrison Hagan "Jack" Schmitt (born July 3, 1935) is an American geologist, retired NASA astronaut, university professor, former U.S. senator from New Mexico, and the most recent living person to have walked on the Moon.
Harry Kurt Victor Mulisch (29 July 1927 – 30 October 2010) was a Dutch writer.
Hatshepsut (also Hatchepsut; Egyptian: ḥꜣt-šps.wt "Foremost of Noble Ladies"; 1507–1458 BCE) was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
The Hatter is a fictional character in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass.
is a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter, animator, author, and manga artist.
In Greek mythology and Roman mythology, Hector (Ἕκτωρ Hektōr) was a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Heidi is a work of children's fiction published in 1881 by Swiss author Johanna Spyri, originally published in two parts as Heidi: her years of wandering and learning (Heidis Lehr- und Wanderjahre) and Heidi: How she used what she learned (Heidi kann brauchen, was sie gelernt hat).
Prof Heinrich Christian Schumacher FRS(For) FRSE (September 3, 1780 – December 28, 1850) was a German-Danish astronomer and mathematician.
Heinrich Eduard von Lade (24 February 1817 – 7 August 1904) was a German banker and amateur astronomer.
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of the electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light.
Heinrich Louis d'Arrest (13 August 1822 – 14 June 1875) was a German astronomer, born in Berlin.
Luiz (Ludwig) Heinrich Mann (27 March 1871 – 11 March 1950) was a German novelist who wrote works with strong social themes.
Heinrich Schütz (– 6 November 1672) was a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century.
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (October 11, 1758 – March 2, 1840) was a German physician and astronomer.
Helen Battles Sawyer Hogg, CC (1 August 1905 – 28 January 1993) was an astronomer noted for pioneering research into globular clusters and variable stars.
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.
Henry David Thoreau (see name pronunciation; July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian.
Henry Lee Giclas (December 9, 1910 – April 2, 2007) was an American astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and comets.
Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
Herbert Hall Turner FRS (13 August 1861, Leeds – 20 August 1930, Stockholm) was a British astronomer and seismologist.
Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American engineer, businessman and politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression.
Georges Prosper Remi (22 May 1907 – 3 March 1983), known by the pen name Hergé, was a Belgian cartoonist.
Herluf Bidstrup (10 September 1912 – 26 December 1988) was a Danish cartoonist and illustrator.
Hermann Carl Vogel (April 3, 1841 – August 13, 1907) was a German astrophysicist.
Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt (June 17, 1802 – April 26, 1866) was a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France.
Hermann Minkowski (22 June 1864 – 12 January 1909) was a German mathematician and professor at Königsberg, Zürich and Göttingen.
Hermann Julius Oberth (25 June 1894 – 28 December 1989) was an Austro-Hungarian-born German physicist and engineer.
Karl Hermann Struve (October 3, 1854 – August 12, 1920) was a Russian astronomer.
Herod II (ca. 27 BC – 33/34 AD) was the son of Herod the Great and Mariamne II, the daughter of Simon Boethus the High Priest (Mark 6:17).
Herodias (Ἡρωδιάς, Hērōdiás; c. 15 BC — after 39 AD) was a princess of the Herodian dynasty of Judaea during the time of the Roman Empire.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
is a Japanese animator, film director, and actor.
was a pioneer of Japanese rocketry, popularly known as "Dr.
Hildegard of Bingen (Hildegard von Bingen; Hildegardis Bingensis; 1098 – 17 September 1179), also known as Saint Hildegard and Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German Benedictine abbess, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath.
Hipparchus of Nicaea (Ἵππαρχος, Hipparkhos) was a Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician.
Hiram Bingham III (November 19, 1875 – June 6, 1956) was an American academic, explorer and politician. He made public the existence of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu in 1911 with the guidance of local indigenous farmers. Later, Bingham served as a member of the United States Senate for the state of Connecticut.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
Horace Parnell Tuttle (March 17, 1837 – August 16, 1923) was an American astronomer, an American Civil War veteran and brother of astronomer Charles Wesley Tuttle (November 1, 1829 – July 17, 1881).
A hot air balloon is a lighter-than-air aircraft consisting of a bag, called an envelope, which contains heated air.
Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim (Hrotsvitha Gandeshemensis; c. 935 – after 973) was a 10th-century German secular canoness, dramatist and poetess who lived at Gandersheim Abbey (in modern-day Bad Gandersheim, Lower Saxony), established by the Ottonian dynasty.
Hugh Malcolm Downs (born February 14, 1921) is a retired American broadcaster, television host, news anchor, TV producer, author, game show host, and music composer.
Johan August Hugo Gyldén (May 29, 1841 in Helsinki – November 9, 1896 in Stockholm) was a Finland-Swedish astronomer primarily known for work in celestial mechanics.
Hugo von Seeliger (23 September 1849 – 2 December 1924), also known as Hugo Hans Ritter von Seeliger, was a German astronomer, often considered the most important astronomer of his day.
Hugo Philipp Jacob Wolf (13 March 1860 – 22 February 1903) was an Austrian composer of Slovene origin, particularly noted for his art songs, or Lieder.
Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet (17 December 177829 May 1829) was a Cornish chemist and inventor, who is best remembered today for isolating, using electricity, a series of elements for the first time: potassium and sodium in 1807 and calcium, strontium, barium, magnesium and boron the following year, as well as discovering the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Hypatia (born 350–370; died 415 AD) was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician, who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, then part of the Eastern Roman Empire.
Iain Banks (16 February 1954 – 9 June 2013) was a Scottish author.
Ian Lancaster Fleming (28 May 1908 – 12 August 1964) was an English author, journalist and naval intelligence officer who is best known for his James Bond series of spy novels.
Hasan Ibn al-Haytham (Latinized Alhazen; full name أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم) was an Arab mathematician, astronomer, and physicist of the Islamic Golden Age.
Ida Barney (November 6, 1886 – March 7, 1982) was an American astronomer, best known for her 22 volumes of astrometric measurements on 150,000 stars.
Ignacy Domeyko or Domejko, pseudonym: Żegota (Ignacio Domeyko,; born near Nieśwież, now Karelichy District, Belarus, 31 July 1802 – 23 January 1889, Santiago de Chile) was a Polish geologist, mineralogist and educator.
Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov (И́горь Васи́льевич Курча́тов; 8(21) January 1903 – 7 February 1960), was a Soviet nuclear physicist who is widely known as the director of the Soviet atomic bomb project.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
was a Japanese composer.
Ilan Ramon (אילן רמון,, born Ilan Wolferman; June 20, 1954 – February 1, 2003) was an Israeli fighter pilot and later the first Israeli astronaut for NASA.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre and radio.
The Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (Intel ISEF) is a science fair and the largest pre-college scientific research event in the world, and is owned and administered by the Society for Science & the Public a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Washington, DC.
Iosif Samuilovich Shklovsky (Ио́сиф Самуи́лович Шкло́вский; sometimes transliterated Josif, Josif, Shklovskii, Shklovskij) (July 1, 1916 – March 3, 1985) was a Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist.
Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz y Pascual (29 May 186018 May 1909) was a Spanish virtuoso pianist, composer, and conductor.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
Isaac Ilyich Levitan (Исаа́к Ильи́ч Левита́н; &ndash) was a classical Russian landscape painter who advanced the genre of the "mood landscape".
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Iseult, alternatively Isolde, Iseo, Yseult, Isode, Isoude, Izolda, Esyllt, Isotta, is the name of several characters in the Arthurian story of Tristan and Iseult.
Isis was a major goddess in ancient Egyptian religion whose worship spread throughout the Greco-Roman world.
Isis Pogson (born Elizabeth Isis Pogson; 28 September 1852 – 14 May 1945) was a British astronomer and meteorologist.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Ivan Bella (born 25 May 1964 in Brezno, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)) is a Slovak Air Force officer who became the first Slovak citizen to fly in space.
Ivan Yakovych Franko (Іван Якович Франко) (&ndash) was a Ukrainian poet, writer, social and literary critic, journalist, interpreter, economist, political activist, doctor of philosophy, ethnographer, and the author of the first detective novels and modern poetry in the Ukrainian language.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (a; 27 February 1936) was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning.
Joseph Michael Straczynski (born July 17, 1954), known professionally as J. Michael Straczynski and informally as Joe Straczynski or jms, is an American television and film screenwriter, producer and director, and comic book writer.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
Jaan Einasto (born 23 February 1929, in Tartu) is an Estonian astrophysicist and one of the discoverers of the large-scale structure of the Universe.
"Jabberwocky" is a nonsense poem written by Lewis Carroll about the killing of a creature named "the Jabberwock".
John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney; January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist.
Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement.
Prof Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn FRS FRSE LLD (19 January 1851 – 18 June 1922) was a Dutch astronomer.
Jacques-Yves Cousteau (11 June 1910 – 25 June 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
Jacques Offenbach (20 June 1819 – 5 October 1880) was a German-born French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period.
Jacques Prévert (4 February 190011 April 1977) was a French poet and screenwriter.
Jakub Šimon Jan Ryba (surname also Poisson, Peace, Ryballandini, Rybaville; 26 October 1765 – 8 April 1815) was a Czech teacher and composer of classical music.
Jakub Krčín (June 18, 1535 Some sources doubt date, place and even year of Krčín's birth. Similarly, only the year of his death is known exactly. – 1604) was a prominent Czech Renaissance architect and engineer.
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.
James Bradley FRS (March 1693 – 13 July 1762) was an English astronomer and priest and served as Astronomer Royal from 1742, succeeding Edmond Halley.
James Francis Cagney Jr. (July 17, 1899March 30, 1986) was an American actor and dancer, both on stage and in film, though he had his greatest impact in film.
James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics.
James Craig Watson (January 28, 1838 – November 22, 1880) was a Canadian-American astronomer, discoverer of comets and minor planets, director of the Ann Arbor Observatory, and awarded with the Lalande Prize in 1869.
James Ferguson (August 31, 1797 – September 26, 1867) was a Scottish-born American astronomer and engineer, who made the first discovery of an asteroid from North America (31 Euphrosyne).
James Gordon Bennett Jr. (May 10, 1841May 14, 1918) was publisher of the New York Herald, founded by his father, James Gordon Bennett Sr. (1795–1872), who emigrated from Scotland.
James Alfred "Alf" Wight, OBE, FRCVS (3 October 1916 – 23 February 1995), known by the pen name James Herriot, was a British veterinary surgeon and writer, who used his many years of experiences as a veterinary surgeon to write a series of books each consisting of stories about animals and their owners.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
James Prescott Joule (24 December 1818 11 October 1889) was an English physicist, mathematician and brewer, born in Salford, Lancashire.
James Richard Arnold (May 5, 1923 – January 6, 2012) was the Harold C. Urey Professor of Chemistry (emeritus), and a noted pioneer in the field of planetary and space chemistry at the University of California at San Diego (UCSD), where an endowed lectureship has been established in his name.
James Randi (born Randall James Hamilton Zwinge; August 7, 1928) is a Canadian-American retired stage magician and a scientific skeptic who has extensively challenged paranormal and pseudoscientific claims.
James Vernon Scotti (born 1960) is an American astronomer.
James Whitney Young (born January 24, 1941) is an American astronomer who worked in the field of asteroid research.
Jan Šindel (1370s – between 1455 and 1457), also known as Jan Ondřejův (or Joannes de Praga) was a Czech medieval scientist and Catholic priest.
Jan Železný (born 16 June 1966) is a retired Czech track and field athlete who competed in the javelin throw.
Jan Brokoff, also known as Johann Brokoff, (23 June 1652 – 28 December 1718) was a baroque-era sculptor and carver.
Jan Welzl (15 August 1868, Zábřeh, Moravia, Austria-Hungary – 19 September 1948 Dawson City, Yukon, Canada) was a Czech traveller, adventurer, hunter, gold-digger, Eskimo chief and Chief Justice on island New Siberia and later story-teller and writer.
Jan Evangelista Purkyně (also written Johann Evangelist Purkinje) (17 or 18 December 1787 – 28 July 1869) was a Czech anatomist and physiologist.
Jan Hus (– 6 July 1415), sometimes Anglicized as John Hus or John Huss, also referred to in historical texts as Iohannes Hus or Johannes Huss) was a Czech theologian, Roman Catholic priest, philosopher, master, dean, and rectorhttps://www.britannica.com/biography/Jan-Hus Encyclopedia Britannica - Jan Hus of the Charles University in Prague who became a church reformer, an inspirer of Hussitism, a key predecessor to Protestantism and a seminal figure in the Bohemian Reformation. After John Wycliffe, the theorist of ecclesiastical reform, Hus is considered the first church reformer, as he lived before Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli. His teachings had a strong influence on the states of Western Europe, most immediately in the approval of a reformed Bohemian religious denomination, and, more than a century later, on Martin Luther himself. He was burned at the stake for heresy against the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church, including those on ecclesiology, the Eucharist, and other theological topics. After Hus was executed in 1415, the followers of his religious teachings (known as Hussites) rebelled against their Roman Catholic rulers and defeated five consecutive papal crusades between 1420 and 1431 in what became known as the Hussite Wars. Both the Bohemian and the Moravian populations remained majority Hussite until the 1620s, when a Protestant defeat in the Battle of the White Mountain resulted in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown coming under Habsburg dominion for the next 300 years and being subject to immediate and forced conversion in an intense campaign of return to Roman Catholicism.
Jan Jesenius (also written as Jessenius, Johannes Jessenius, Jeszenszky János, Ján Jesenský; December 27, 1566 – June 21, 1621) was a Bohemian physician, politician and philosopher.
Jan Letzel (April 9, 1880 – December 26, 1925) was a Czech architect, most famous for designing a building in Hiroshima whose ruins are now the A-Bomb Dome or Peace Memorial.
Jan Matzal (August 3, 1881 in Valašské Klobouky, Moravia – September 3, 1961 in Prague), known under pen names J. M. Troska and Jan Merfort, was a Czech writer.
Jan Merlin (born April 3, 1925) is an American character actor, screenwriter, and author.
Jan Nepomuk Neruda (Czech: ˈjan ˈnɛpomuk ˈnɛruda; 9 July 1834 – 22 August 1891) was a Czech journalist, writer, poet, art critic, one of the most prominent representatives of Czech Realism and a member of the "May School".
Jan Hendrik Oort (or; 28 April 1900 – 5 November 1992) was a Dutch astronomer who made significant contributions to the understanding of the Milky Way and who was a pioneer in the field of radio astronomy.
Jan Palach (11 August 1948 – 19 January 1969) was a Czech student of history and political economy at Charles University in Prague.
Jan Schilt (3 February 1894, Gouda – 9 January 1982, Englewood, New Jersey) was a Dutch-American astronomer, inventor of the Schilt photometer.
Jan Zajíc (July 3, 1950 – February 25, 1969) was a Czech student who committed suicide by self-immolation as a political protest.
Jan Zrzavý (5 November 1890 – 12 October 1977) was a leading Czech painter, graphic artist, and illustrator of the 20th century.
Jana Tichá (born 1965) is a Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century.
Janet Akyüz Mattei (January 2, 1943 – March 22, 2004) was a Turkish-American astronomer who was the director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) from 1973 to 2004.
Jaroslav Hašek (30 April 1883 – 3 January 1923) was a Czech writer, humorist, satirist, journalist, bohemian and anarchist.
Jaroslav Heyrovský (December 20, 1890 – March 27, 1967) was a Czech chemist and inventor.
Jaroslav Seifert (23 September 1901 – 10 January 1986) was a Nobel Prize–winning Czechoslovak writer, poet and journalist.
Jay Myron Pasachoff (born 1943) is an American astronomer.
June U. Gunter (January 15, 1911 – November 14, 1994), better known as Jay U. Gunter or J. U. Gunter, was an American pathologist and amateur astronomer.
Jára Cimrman, also known as "the Master", is a Czech fictional polymath, created by Ladislav Smoljak, Jiří Šebánek and Zdeněk Svěrák.
Jöran Persson, alternatively Göran Persson (c. 1530 – September 1568), was King Eric XIV of Sweden's favorite, most trusted counsellor and head of the King's network of spies.
Július Satinský (20 August 1941 in Bratislava – 29 December 2002 in Bratislava) was a Slovak actor, comedian, singer, showman and writer.
Jean Chacornac (June 21, 1823 – September 23, 1873) was a French astronomer and discoverer of a comet and several asteroids.
Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert (16 November 1717 – 29 October 1783) was a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music theorist.
Jean Sibelius, born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 186520 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods.
Jean Valjean is the protagonist of Victor Hugo's 1862 novel Les Misérables.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.
Jean-Luc Margot (born 1969) is a Belgian-born astronomer and a UCLA professor who specializes in planetary sciences.
Jean-Michel André Jarre (born 24 August 1948) is a French composer, performer and record producer.
Jean-Philippe Rameau (–) was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the 18th century.
Jean-Pierre Haigneré (born 19 May 1948) is a French Air Force officer and a former CNES spationaut.
Jeremiah Horrocks (1618 – 3 January 1641), sometimes given as Jeremiah Horrox (the Latinised version that he used on the Emmanuel College register and in his Latin manuscripts), – See footnote 1 was an English astronomer.
Jeremy Shu-How Lin (born August 23, 1988) is an American professional basketball player for the Brooklyn Nets of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Jerome John Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, best known for his work as the lead guitarist and as a vocalist with the band Grateful Dead, which came to prominence during the counterculture era in the 1960s.
Jerry Lewis (born Joseph Levitch, March 16, 1926 – August 20, 2017) was an American comedian, actor, singer, humanitarian, director, screenwriter, producer, headliner and author.
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens (September 12, 1913March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist in the 1936 Games.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
Jiří Trnka (24 February 1912 – 30 December 1969) was a Czech puppet-maker, illustrator, motion-picture animator and film director.
James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.
James Patrick Page (born 9 January 1944) is an English musician, songwriter, and record producer who achieved international success as the guitarist and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin.
Louis Cha Leung-yung, (born 6 February 1924), better known by his pen name Jin Yong, is a Chinese wuxia ("martial arts and chivalry") novelist and essayist who co-founded the Hong Kong daily newspaper Ming Pao in 1959 and served as its first editor-in-chief.
Joachim Barrande (11 August 1799 – 5 October 1883) was a French geologist and palaeontologist.
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Joanny-Philippe Lagrula (1870–1941) was a French astronomer.
Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster (born November 19, 1962) is an American actress, director, and producer.
Joseph Satriani (born July 15, 1956)Prato, Greg.
Joel Hastings Metcalf (January 4, 1866 – February 23, 1925) was an American astronomer, humanitarian and minister.
Hendrik Johannes "Johan" Cruijff OON (anglicised to Cruyff; 25 April 1947 – 24 March 2016) was a Dutch professional football player and coach.
Johan Gadolin (5 June 1760 – 15 August 1852) was a Finnish chemist, physicist and mineralogist.
Johann Daniel Titius born Johann Daniel Tietz(e) (2 January 1729 – 16 December 1796) was a German astronomer and a professor at Wittenberg.
Johann Franz Encke (23 September 1791 – 26 August 1865) was a German astronomer.
Johann Gottfried Galle, 1880 Galle's signature Memorial plaque in Wittenberg Johann Gottfried Galle (9 June 1812 – 10 July 1910) was a German astronomer from Radis, Germany, at the Berlin Observatory who, on 23 September 1846, with the assistance of student Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, was the first person to view the planet Neptune and know what he was looking at.
Johann Heinrich Lambert (Jean-Henri Lambert in French; 26 August 1728 – 25 September 1777) was a Swiss polymath who made important contributions to the subjects of mathematics, physics (particularly optics), philosophy, astronomy and map projections.
Johann Jakob Balmer (1 May 1825 – 12 March 1898) was a Swiss mathematician and mathematical physicist.
Johann Josef Loschmidt (15 March 1821 – 8 July 1895), who referred to himself mostly as Josef Loschmidt (omitting his first name), was a notable Austrian scientist who performed ground-breaking work in chemistry, physics (thermodynamics, optics, electrodynamics), and crystal forms.
Johann Pachelbel (baptised 1 September 1653 – buried 9 March 1706) was a German composer, organist, and teacher who brought the south German organ tradition to its peak.
Johann Palisa (December 6, 1848 – May 2, 1925) was an Austrian astronomer, born in Troppau in Austrian Silesia (now in the Czech Republic).
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johann Strauss I (also Johann Baptist Strauss, Johann Strauss Sr., the Elder, the Father; March 14, 1804 – September 25, 1849) was an Austrian Romantic composer.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Johanna Louise Spyri (née Heusser;; 12 June 1827 – 7 July 1901) was a Swiss-born author of novels, notably children's stories, and is best known for her book Heidi.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg (– February 3, 1468) was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press.
Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
Johannes (Janne) Robert Rydberg (8 November 1854 – 28 December 1919) was a Swedish physicist mainly known for devising the Rydberg formula, in 1888, which is used to describe the wavelengths of photons (of light and other electromagnetic radiation) emitted by changes in the energy level of an electron in a hydrogen atom.
Johannes Stöffler (also Stöfler, Stoffler, Stoeffler; 10 December 1452 – 16 February 1531) was a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, priest, maker of astronomical instruments and professor at the University of Tübingen.
Johannes von Gmunden (Johannes de Gamundia; c. 1380 – February 23, 1442) was a German/Austrian astronomer, mathematician, humanist and early instrument maker.
John Amos Comenius (Jan Amos Komenský; Johann Amos Comenius; Latinized: Ioannes Amos Comenius; 28 March 1592 – 15 November 1670) was a Czech philosopher, pedagogue and theologian from the Margraviate of Moravia"Clamores Eliae" he dedicated "To my lovely mother, Moravia, one of her faithful son...". Clamores Eliae, p.69, Kastellaun/Hunsrück: A. Henn, 1977.
John Marwood Cleese (born 27 October 1939) is an English actor, voice actor, comedian, screenwriter, and producer.
John Constable, (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English landscape painter in the naturalistic tradition.
John Couch Adams (5 June 1819 – 21 January 1892) was a British mathematician and astronomer.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
John Dalton FRS (6 September 1766 – 27 July 1844) was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist.
John Elmer Blaha (born August 26, 1942, in San Antonio, Texas) is a retired United States Air Force colonel and a former NASA astronaut.
John Flamsteed FRS (19 August 1646 – 31 December 1719) was an English astronomer and the first Astronomer Royal.
John George Kemeny; May 31, 1926 – December 26, 1992) was a Jewish-American mathematician, computer scientist, and educator best known for co-developing the BASIC programming language in 1964 with Thomas E. Kurtz. Kemeny served as the 13th President of Dartmouth College from 1970 to 1981 and pioneered the use of computers in college education. Kemeny chaired the presidential commission that investigated the Three Mile Island accident in 1979. According to György Marx he was one of The Martians.
Sir Arthur John Gielgud (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000) was an English actor and theatre director whose career spanned eight decades.
John Goodricke FRS (17 September 1764 – 20 April 1786) was an English amateur astronomer.
John Henry Poynting (9 September 185230 March 1914) was an English physicist.
John Keats (31 October 1795 – 23 February 1821) was an English Romantic poet.
John Winston Ono Lennon (9 October 19408 December 1980) was an English singer, songwriter, and peace activist who co-founded the Beatles, the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music.
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".
John William Carson (October 23, 1925 – January 23, 2005) was an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
John Garvin Weir (born July 2, 1984) is an American figure skater, fashion designer, and television commentator.
Jon Stewart (born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; November 28, 1962) is an American comedian, writer, producer, director, political commentator, actor, and television host.
Josef Čapek (23 March 1887 – April 1945) was a Czech artist who was best known as a painter, but who was also noted as a writer and a poet.
Josef Škvorecký, (September 27, 1924 – January 3, 2012) was a Czech-Canadian writer and publisher.
Josef "Pepi" Bican (25 September 1913 – 12 December 2001) was a Czech-Austrian football striker.
Josef Dobrovský (17 August 1753 – 6 January 1829) was a Czech philologist and historian, one of the most important figures of the Czech National Revival along with Josef Jungmann.
Josef Lada (born 17 December 1887 in Hrusice, Bohemia – 14 December 1957 in Prague, buried at Olšany Cemetery) was a Czech painter, illustrator and writer.
Josef Mysliveček (9 March 1737 – 4 February 1781) was a Czech composer who contributed to the formation of late eighteenth-century classicism in music.
Josef Skupa (16 January 1892 in Strakonice – 8 January 1957 in Prague) was a Czech puppeteer.
Josef Václav Myslbek (20 June 1848 – 2 June 1922) was a Czech sculptor and medalist credited with founding the modern Czech sculpting style.
Josep Comas i Solà (17 December 1868 – 2 December 1937) was a Spanish astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, comets and double stars, born of Catalan origin in Barcelona.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Joseph Jean Pierre Laurent (or Joseph Laurent) (died 1900) was a French amateur astronomer and chemist who discovered the asteroid 51 Nemausa in 1858, for which he was a recipient of the Lalande Prize awarded by the French Academy of Sciences.
Joseph Veverka (born 1941) is the James A. Weeks Professor of Physical Sciences, professor of Astronomy at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
Joseph Ritter von Fraunhofer (6 March 1787 – 7 June 1826) was a Bavarian physicist and optical lens manufacturer.
Joseph-Louis Lagrange (or;; born Giuseppe Lodovico Lagrangia, Encyclopædia Britannica or Giuseppe Ludovico De la Grange Tournier, Turin, 25 January 1736 – Paris, 10 April 1813; also reported as Giuseppe Luigi Lagrange or Lagrangia) was an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer.
Joseph-Nicolas Delisle (4 April 1688 – 11 September 1768) was a French astronomer and cartographer.
Titus Flavius Josephus (Φλάβιος Ἰώσηπος; 37 – 100), born Yosef ben Matityahu (יוסף בן מתתיהו, Yosef ben Matityahu; Ἰώσηπος Ματθίου παῖς), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.
Judith Arlene Resnik (April 5, 1949 – January 28, 1986) was an American engineer and a NASA astronaut who died when the Space Shuttle ''Challenger'' was destroyed during the launch of mission STS-51-L. Resnik was the second American female astronaut in space, logging 145 hours in orbit.
Jules Baillaud (born 14 January 1876 in Paris, died 28 November 1960) is a French astronomer.
Saint Julia of Corsica (Santa Giulia da Corsica; Sainte Julie; Santa Ghjulia; Sancta Iulia), also known as Saint Julia of Carthage, and more rarely Saint Julia of Nonza, was a virgin martyr who is venerated as a Christian saint.
Juliana (Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina; 30 April 1909 – 20 March 2004) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.
Kaj Aage Gunnar Strand (27 February 1907 – 31 October 2000) was a Danish astronomer who worked in Denmark and the United States He was Scientific Director of the U.S. Naval Observatory from 1963 to 1977.
is a Japanese vocal group formed by the composer Yuki Kajiura in 2007, mainly to perform theme songs for the anime Kara no Kyōkai.
The Kalevala (Finnish Kalevala) is a 19th-century work of epic poetry compiled by Elias Lönnrot from Karelian and Finnish oral folklore and mythology.
Kalpana Chawla (March 17, 1962 – February 1, 2003) was an American astronaut and the first woman of Indian origin in space.
is a tokusatsu superhero television series and weekly science fiction manga created by manga artist Shotaro Ishinomori.
Kamil Hornoch (born 5 December 1972) is a Czech amateur astronomer who discovered dozens of novae in nearby galaxies.
is a Japanese amateur astronomer who discovered a number of comets.
Karel Ančerl (11 April 1908 – 3 July 1973) was a Czechoslovak conductor, renowned especially for his performances of contemporary music and for his interpretations of music by Czech composers.
Karel Čapek (9 January 1890 – 25 December 1938) was a Czech writer of the early 20th century.
Karel Bendl, Josef Bohuslav Foerster, Karel Kovařovic (March 30, 1885, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek) --> Karel Bendl, or Karl Bendl, pseudonym: Podskalský (April 16, 1838, Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Empire September 20, 1897, Prague) was a Czech composer.
Karel Jaromír Erben (7 November 1811 – 21 November 1870) was a Czech folklorist and poet of the mid-19th century, best known for his collection Kytice (Bouquet), which contains poems based on traditional and folkloric themes.
Karel Kryl (April 12, 1944 Kroměříž – March 3, 1994 Munich) was an iconic Czechoslovak (Moravian born and Czech speaking) poet, singer-songwriter and performer of many hit protest songs in which he identified and attacked the hypocrisy, stupidity and inhumanity of the Communist and later also the post-communist regimes in his home country.
Karel Zeman (November 3, 1910 – April 5, 1989) was a Czech film director, artist, production designer and animator, best known for directing fantasy films combining live-action footage with animation.
Karin Månsdotter (in English Catherine; 6 November 1550 – 13 September 1612) was Queen of Sweden, first a mistress and then, for a few months in 1568, the consort of Eric XIV of Sweden.
Karl Theodor Jaspers (23 February 1883 – 26 February 1969) was a German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry, and philosophy.
Karl Ludwig Harding (September 29, 1765 – August 31, 1834) was a German astronomer, who discovered 3 Juno, the third asteroid of the main-belt in 1804.
Karl Ludwig Hencke (8 April 1793 – 21 September 1866) was a German amateur astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Karl Friedrich May (also Carl; 25 February 1842 – 30 March 1912) was a German writer best known for his adventure novels set in the American Old West.
Karl Schwarzschild (October 9, 1873 – May 11, 1916) was a German physicist and astronomer.
Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass (Weierstraß; 31 October 1815 – 19 February 1897) was a German mathematician often cited as the "father of modern analysis".
Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth (April 4, 1892 in Heidelberg – May 6, 1979 in Heidelberg) was a German astronomer and a prolific discoverer of 395 minor planets.
Kenneth Lane "Ken" Thompson (born February 4, 1943), commonly referred to as ken in hacker circles, is an American pioneer of computer science.
Kenneth Essex Edgeworth, DSO, MC (26 February 1880 – 10 October 1972) was an Irish astronomer, economist and engineer.
Khufu (full name Khnum Khufu, known to the Greeks as Cheops, was an ancient Egyptian monarch who ruled during the Fourth Dynasty, in the first half of the Old Kingdom period (26th century BC). Khufu was the second ruler of the 4th dynasty; he followed his possible father, king Sneferu, on the throne. He is generally accepted as having commissioned the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but many other aspects of his reign are rather poorly documented. The only completely preserved portrait of the king is a three-inch high ivory figurine found in a temple ruin of a later period at Abydos in 1903. All other reliefs and statues were found in fragments, and many buildings of Khufu are lost. Everything known about Khufu comes from inscriptions in his necropolis at Giza and later documents. For example, Khufu is the main character noted in the Papyrus Westcar from the 13th dynasty. Most documents that mention king Khufu were written by ancient Egyptian and Greek historians around 300 BC. Khufu's obituary is presented there in a conflicting way: while the king enjoyed a long lasting cultural heritage preservation during the period of the Old Kingdom and the New Kingdom, the ancient historians Manetho, Diodorus and Herodotus hand down a very negative depiction of Khufu's character. Thanks to these documents, an obscure and critical picture of Khufu's personality persists.
Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer (Kilián Ignác Dientzenhofer) (1 September 1689, Prague – 18 December 1751) was a Bohemian architect of the Baroque era.
Elizabeth Kimball de Albuquerque Poor is a Brazilian artist working in Rio and London.
King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries.
Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch, December 9, 1916) is an American actor, producer, director, and author.
was a Japanese astronomer, best known for his discovery that many asteroid orbits were more similar to one another than chance would allow, leading to the concept of asteroid families, now called "Hirayama families" in his honour.
Klaus von Klitzing (born 28 June 1943, Schroda) is a German physicist, known for discovery of the integer quantum Hall effect, for which he was awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Kleť Observatory (Hvězdárna Kleť; obs. code: 046) is an astronomical observatory in the Czech Republic.
Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (a; Konstanty Ciołkowski; 19 September 1935) was a Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of the astronautic theory of ethnic Polish descent.
Krisztina Egerszegi (born 16 August 1974) is a Hungarian former world record holding swimmer and one of the greatest Hungarian Olympic champions of the modern era.
The Krkonoše (Czech), Karkonosze (Polish), Riesengebirge (German), Riesageberge (Silesian German) or Giant Mountains, are a mountain range located in the north of the Czech Republic and the south-west of Poland, part of the Sudetes mountain system (part of the Bohemian Massif).
Kryštof Harant of Polžice and Bezdružice (Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic, 1564 – June 21, 1621) was a Czech nobleman, traveler, humanist, soldier, writer and composer.
Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (November 11, 1922April 11, 2007) was an American writer.
Kurt Julian Weill (March 2, 1900April 3, 1950) was a German composer, active from the 1920s in his native country, and in his later years in the United States.
Kyle E. Smalley is an American amateur astronomer.
Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof; –), credited as L. L. Zamenhof and sometimes as the pseudonymous Dr.
Godiva, Countess of Mercia (died between 1066 and 1086), in Old English Godgifu, was an English noblewoman who, according to a legend dating at least to the 13th century, rode naked – covered only in her long hair – through the streets of Coventry to gain a remission of the oppressive taxation that her husband imposed on his tenants.
Lalla Ward (born Sarah Jill Ward; 28 June 1951) is an English actress and author.
Lance Edward Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971) is a former American professional road racing cyclist.
Laurel Blair Salton Clark (March 10, 1961 – February 1, 2003) was an American medical doctor, United States Navy Captain, NASA astronaut and Space Shuttle mission specialist.
Sir William Lawrence Bragg, (31 March 1890 – 1 July 1971) was an Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer, discoverer (1912) of Bragg's law of X-ray diffraction, which is basic for the determination of crystal structure.
Jean Bernard Léon Foucault (18 September 1819 – 11 February 1868) was a French physicist best known for his demonstration of the Foucault pendulum, a device demonstrating the effect of the Earth's rotation.
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968.
Ian Fraser Kilmister (24 December 1945 – 28 December 2015), better known as Lemmy, was an English musician and singer-songwriter who founded and fronted the rock band Motörhead.
Leoš Janáček (baptised Leo Eugen Janáček; 3 July 1854 – 12 August 1928) was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher.
Leonard Simon Nimoy (March 26, 1931 – February 27, 2015) was an American actor, film director, photographer, author, singer and songwriter.
Leonhard Euler (Swiss Standard German:; German Standard German:; 15 April 170718 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, logician and engineer, who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics, such as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory, while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic number theory.
Les Misérables is a French historical novel by Victor Hugo, first published in 1862, that is considered one of the greatest novels of the 19th century.
Lesya Ukrainka (Леся Українка) (born Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka (Лариса Петрівна Косач-Квітка) (–) is one of Ukrainian literature's foremost writers, best known for her poems and plays. She also was an active political, civil, and feminist activist. Among her most well-known works are the collections of poems On the wings of songs (1893), Thoughts and Dreams (1899), Echos (1902), the epic poem Ancient fairy tale (1893), One word (1903), plays Princess (1913), Cassandra (1903—1907), In the Catacombs (1905), and Forest song (1911).
Lewis A. Swift (February 29, 1820 – January 5, 1913) was an American astronomer.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.
, Libussa, Libushe or, historically Lubossa, is a legendary ancestor of the Přemyslid dynasty and the Czech people as a whole.
Liisi Oterma (6 January 1915 – 4 April 2001) was a Finnish astronomer, the first woman to get a Ph.D. degree in astronomy in Finland.
Lindsey Stirling (born September 21, 1986) is an American violinist, dancer, performance artist, and composer.
Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating systems, Android, and Chrome OS.
Lise Meitner (7 November 1878 – 27 October 1968) was an Austrian-Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics.
The following is a collection of lists of exceptional asteroids in the Solar System.
This is a list of numbered minor planets in numerical order.
This is a list of minor planets named after places, organized by continent.
This is a list of minor planets named after rivers, organized by continent.
#fefefe | 103222 || || December 29, 1999 || Baton Rouge || W. R. Cooney Jr.
#E9E9E9 | 117163 || || August 22, 2004 || Goodricke-Pigott || Goodricke-Pigott Obs.
#fefefe | 12448 Mr.
#fefefe | 13712 || || August 23, 1998 || Višnjan Observatory || Višnjan Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 151424 || || March 19, 2002 || Fountain Hills || Fountain Hills Obs.
#fefefe | 16731 Mitsumata || || April 17, 1996 || Saji || Saji Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 17602 Dr.
#FA8072 | 19080 Martínfierro || 1970 JB || May 10, 1970 || El Leoncito || Félix Aguilar Obs.
#FA8072 | 2078 Nanking || 1975 AD || January 12, 1975 || Nanking || Purple Mountain Obs.
#fefefe | 22668 || || August 26, 1998 || Višnjan Observatory || Višnjan Obs.
#E9E9E9 | 231489 || || August 10, 2008 || La Sagra || Mallorca Obs.
#fefefe | 241142 || || September 6, 2007 || Dauban || Chante-Perdrix Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 243142 || || October 6, 2007 || Dauban || Chante-Perdrix Obs.
#E9E9E9 | 249346 || || November 22, 2008 || La Sagra || Mallorca Obs.
#E9E9E9 | 25136 || || September 23, 1998 || Višnjan Observatory || Višnjan Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 262813 || || January 10, 2007 || Nyukasa || Mount Nyukasa Stn.
#FA8072 | 263075 || || July 22, 2007 || La Sagra || Mallorca Obs.
#fefefe | 274266 || || August 5, 2008 || La Sagra || Mallorca Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 294708 || || January 29, 2008 || La Sagra || Mallorca Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 3089 Oujianquan || || December 3, 1981 || Nanking || Purple Mountain Obs.
#E9E9E9 | 308825 Siksika || || September 14.
#fefefe | 316013 || || March 17, 2009 || La Sagra || Mallorca Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 35325 Claudiaguarnieri || || March 7, 1997 || Bologna || San Vittore Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 365265 || || August 16, 2009 || La Sagra || Mallorca Obs.
#C2FFFF | 4063 Euforbo || || February 1, 1989 || Bologna || San Vittore Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 42096 || || January 6, 2001 || Farpoint || Farpoint Obs.
#E9E9E9 | 44267 || || August 29, 1998 || Višnjan Observatory || Višnjan Obs.
#fefefe | 49126 || || September 23, 1998 || Višnjan Observatory || Višnjan Obs.
#fefefe | 5390 Huichiming || || December 19, 1981 || Nanking || Purple Mountain Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 53257 || 1999 FF || March 16, 1999 || Baton Rouge || W. R. Cooney Jr.
#d6d6d6 | 55905 || || February 21, 1998 || Kleť || Kleť Obs.
#E9E9E9 | 72746 || || March 26, 2001 ||.
#fefefe | 79654 || || September 23, 1998 || Višnjan Observatory || Višnjan Obs.
#fefefe | 80630 || || January 14, 2000 || Kleť || Kleť Obs.
#fefefe | 8193 Ciaurro || 1993 SF || September 17, 1993 || Stroncone || Santa Lucia Obs.
#d6d6d6 | 85429 || || January 15, 1997 || Kleť || Kleť Obs.
#fefefe | 91226 || || January 22, 1999 || Kleť || Kleť Obs.
#E9E9E9 | 98733 || || December 29, 2000 || Needville || Needville Obs.
This is a list of named minor planets in an alphabetical, case-insensitive order.
The following is a list of people whose names were given to craters of the Moon. The list of approved names in the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature maintained by the International Astronomical Union includes the person the crater is named for.
Baron Loránd Eötvös de Vásárosnamény (vásárosnaményi báró Eötvös Loránd Ágoston or Loránd Eötvös,; 27 July 1848 – 8 April 1919), more commonly called Baron Roland von Eötvös in English literature, was an Austro-Hungarian physicist of ethnic Hungarian origin.
Henry Louis Gehrig, born Heinrich Ludwig Gehrig (June 19, 1903June 2, 1941), nicknamed "the Iron Horse", was an American baseball first baseman who played his entire professional career (17 seasons) in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, from 1923 until 1939.
Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.
Louis Boyer (1901–1999) was a French astronomer who worked at the Algiers Observatory, North Africa, where he discovered 40 asteroids between 1930 and 1952.
Louis Braille (4 January 1809 – 6 January 1852) was a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired.
Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (18 November 1787 – 10 July 1851), better known as Louis Daguerre, was a French artist and photographer, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography.
Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.
Louis-Paul Cailletet (21 September 1832 – 5 January 1913) was a French physicist and inventor.
Louis Alexander Slotin (1 December 1910 – 30 May 1946) was a Canadian physicist and chemist who worked on the Manhattan Project.
Louis Spohr (5 April 178422 October 1859), baptized Ludewig Spohr, later often in the modern German form of the name Ludwig, was a German composer, violinist and conductor.
Luboš Kohoutek (born January 29, 1935) is a Czech astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and comets, including Comet Kohoutek which was visible to the naked eye in 1973.
Luboš Perek (born July 26, 1919) is a Czech astronomer He is most renowned for his Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae with Luboš Kohoutek in 1967.
Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (12 October 19356 September 2007) was an Italian operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time.
Luděk Pešek (April 26, 1919 – December 4, 1999) was an artist and novelist noted for his representations of astronomical subjects.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Luis Walter Alvarez (June 13, 1911 – September 1, 1988) was an American experimental physicist, inventor, and professor who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968.
Lutz D. Schmadel (July 2, 1942 in Berlin – October 21, 2016) was a German astronomer and a prolific discoverer of asteroids, who worked at the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut (ARI) of the University of Heidelberg.
Lynn Rene Anderson (September 26, 1947 – July 30, 2015) was an American country music singer known for a string of hits throughout the late 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, most notably her 1970 worldwide megahit "Rose Garden." Anderson's crossover appeal and regular exposure on national television helped her become one of the most popular and successful country stars of the 1970s.
Lyudmila Ivanovna Chernykh (Людмила Іванівна Черних, Людми́ла Ива́новна Черны́х, June 13, 1935 in Shuya, Ivanovo Oblast – July 28, 2017) was a Russian-born Soviet astronomer, wife and colleague of Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, and a prolific discoverer of minor planets.
Mahalia Jackson (October 26, 1911 – January 27, 1972) was an American gospel singer.
Malala Yousafzai (Malālah Yūsafzay: ملالہ یوسفزئی; ملاله یوسفزۍ; born 12 July 1997) is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest Nobel Prize laureate.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Marc Aaronson (24 August 1950 – 30 April 1987) was an American astronomer.
Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
The March Hare (called Haigha in Through the Looking-Glass) is a character most famous for appearing in the tea party scene in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
Marcus Manilius (fl. 1st century AD) was a Roman poet, astrologer, and author of a poem in five books called Astronomica.
Margherita Hack, Knight Grand Cross OMRI (Florence, 12 June 1922 – Trieste, 29 June 2013) was an Italian astrophysicist and scientific disseminator.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (16 May 1718 – 9 January 1799) was an Italian mathematician, philosopher, theologian, and humanitarian.
Maria Mitchell (August 1, 1818 – June 28, 1889) was an American astronomer, who in 1847 by using a telescope, discovered a comet, which as a result became known as "Miss Mitchell's Comet." She won a gold medal prize for her discovery, which was presented to her by King Frederick VI of Denmark.
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (Maria Theresia; 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg.
Marie Skłodowska Curie (born Maria Salomea Skłodowska; 7 November 18674 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity.
Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer.
Mario De Caro (born 1963) is an Italian philosopher who teaches moral philosophy at the University of Rome III in Rome, Italy.
Mario José Molina-Pasquel Henríquez (born March 19, 1943) is a Mexican chemist reputed for his pivotal role in the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole.
Marcus Antonius (Latin:; 14 January 1 August 30 BC), commonly known in English as Mark Antony or Marc Antony, was a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
Mark Freuder Knopfler, (born 12 August 1949) is a British singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer and film score composer.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.
Marsupilami is a comic book character created by André Franquin, first published on 31 January 1952 in the Franco-Belgian comics magazine Spirou.
Otto Rudolf Martin Brendel (12 August 1862 – 6 September 1939) was a German astronomer.
Martin Gardner (October 21, 1914May 22, 2010) was an American popular mathematics and popular science writer, with interests also encompassing scientific skepticism, micromagic, philosophy, religion, and literature—especially the writings of Lewis Carroll, L. Frank Baum, and G. K. Chesterton.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Martin John Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow, One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: (born 23 June 1942) is a British cosmologist and astrophysicist.
Mary Wollstonecraft (27 April 1759 – 10 September 1797) was an English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights.
Matthias Bernard Braun (Czech: Matyáš Bernard Braun, 24 February 1684 in Sautens near Innsbruck – 15 February 1738 in Prague) was a sculptor and carver active in the Czech lands, one of the most prominent late baroque style sculptors in the area.
Maurice-Alexis Jarre (13 September 192428 March 2009) was a French composer and conductor, "one of the giants of 20th-century film music" who was "among the most sought-after composers in the movie industry" and "a creator of both subtle underscoring and grand, sweeping themes, not only writing for conventional orchestras...
Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.
Max Beckmann (February 12, 1884 – December 27, 1950) was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, and writer.
Max Born (11 December 1882 – 5 January 1970) was a German physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics.
Max Christian Friedrich Bruch (6 January 1838–2 October 1920), also known as Max Karl August Bruch, was a German Romantic composer and conductor who wrote over 200 works, including three violin concertos, the first of which has become a staple of the violin repertory.
Hermann Max Pechstein (December 31, 1881 – June 29, 1955) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker, and a member of the Die Brücke group.
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.
Maximilian Franz Joseph Cornelius "Max" Wolf (June 21, 1863 – October 3, 1932) was a German astronomer and a pioneer in the field of astrophotography.
This is a list of minor planets which have been officially named by the Minor Planet Center (MPC).
|- | 25001 Pacheco || || Rafael Pacheco (born 1954), an amateur astronomer, astrometrist and co-discoverer of minor planets.
410 | 48410 Kolmogorov || || Andrey Kolmogorov (1903–1987), a Russian academician, professor at the Moscow State University, and outstanding mathematician.
|- | 5001 EMP || || The annual publication Ephemerides Of Minor Planets (Ehfemeridy Malykh Planet).
Mechthild (or Mechtild, Matilda, Matelda) of Magdeburg (c. 1207 – c. 1282/1294), a Beguine, was a Christian medieval mystic, whose book Das fließende Licht der Gottheit (The Flowing Light of Divinity) described her visions of God.
Meenakshi Wadhwa is the director of the Center for Meteorite Studies and a professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration, both at Arizona State University.
Meg Ryan (born Margaret Mary Emily Anne Hyra; November 19, 1961) is an American actress, director, and producer.
Menkaure (also Menkaura, Egyptian transliteration mn-k3w-Rˁ), was an ancient Egyptian king (pharaoh) of the 4th dynasty during the Old Kingdom, who is well known under his Hellenized names Mykerinos (Μυκερίνος) (by Herodotus) and Menkheres (by Manetho).
Merlin (Myrddin) is a legendary figure best known as the wizard featured in Arthurian legend and medieval Welsh poetry.
Valeria Messalina (sometimes spelled Messallina; c. 17/20–48) was the third wife of the Roman Emperor Claudius.
Michael Ballack (born 26 September 1976) is a retired German footballer.
Michael Collins (born October 31, 1930) (Major General, USAF, Ret.) is an American former astronaut and test pilot.
Michael Faraday FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
Michael John Smith (April 30, 1945 – January 28, 1986), (Capt, USN), was an American astronaut—pilot of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger'' when it was destroyed during the STS-51-L mission.
Michael James Gaffey (born December 1, 1945) is a planetary scientist who specializes in deriving the mineralogies of asteroids from their reflectance spectra.
Michael Phillip Anderson (December 25, 1959 – February 1, 2003) was a United States Air Force officer and NASA astronaut.
Michael Edward Palin (pronounced; born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter.
Michael Perryman is a British astronomer, known for his work leading the Hipparcos and Gaia space astrometric projects.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
Hermine "Miep" Gies (née Santruschitz; 15 February 1909 – 11 January 2010), was one of the Dutch citizens who hid Anne Frank, her family (Otto Frank, Margot Frank, Edith Frank-Holländer) and four other Jews (Fritz Pfeffer, Hermann van Pels, Auguste van Pels, Peter van Pels) from the Nazis in an annex above Anne's father's business premises during World War II.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547 (assumed)23 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.
Don Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo-Costilla y Gallaga Mandarte Villaseñor (8 May 1753 – 30 July 1811), more commonly known as Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla or simply Miguel Hidalgo, was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
Mihai Eminescu (born Mihail Eminovici; 15 January 1850 – 15 June 1889) was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, generally regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet.
Mika Toimi Waltari (19 September 1908 – 26 August 1979) was a Finnish writer, best known for his best-selling novel The Egyptian (Sinuhe egyptiläinen).
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis (Mikołaj Konstanty Czurlanis; –) was a Lithuanian painter, composer and writer.
Michael Gordon Oldfield (born 15 May 1953) is an English musician and composer.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Mikhaíl Ivánovich Glínka) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music.
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (p; –) was a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov (p; – February 21, 1984) was a Soviet/Russian novelist and winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Milan Kundera (born 1 April 1929) is a Czech-born French writer who went into exile in France in 1975, and became a naturalised French citizen in 1981.
Milan Rastislav Štefánik (21 July 1880 – 4 May 1919) was a Slovak politician, diplomat and astronomer.
Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
Jan Tomáš "Miloš" Forman (18 February 1932 – 13 April 2018) was a Czech American film director, screenwriter, actor and professor who, until 1968, lived and worked primarily in the former Czechoslovakia.
Miloš Tichý (born 1966) is a Czech astronomer.
Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev (Ми́лий Алексе́евич Бала́кирев,; 2 January 1837 –)Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style.
The Minor Planet Center (MPC) is the official worldwide organization in charge of collecting observational data for minor planets (such as asteroids and comets), calculating their orbits and publishing this information via the Minor Planet Circulars.
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (mɐˈdɛst pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈmusərkskʲɪj; –) was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five".
Mojmir I, Moimir I or Moymir I (Latin: Moimarus, Moymarus, Czech and Slovak: Mojmír I.) was the first known ruler of the Moravian Slavs (820s/830s–846) and eponym of the House of Mojmir.
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molière (15 January 162217 February 1673), was a French playwright, actor and poet, widely regarded as one of the greatest writers in the French language and universal literature.
Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Mongkut Phra Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหามงกุฎ พระจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว), or Rama IV, known in English-speaking countries as King Mongkut (18 October 18041 October 1868), was the fourth monarch of Siam (Thailand) under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1851 to 1868.
Joseph-Michel Montgolfier (26 August 1740 – 26 June 1810) and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier (6 January 1745 – 2 August 1799) were paper manufacturers from Annonay, in Ardèche, France best known as inventors of the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique.
Monty Python (also collectively known as The Pythons) were a British surreal comedy group who created their sketch comedy show Monty Python's Flying Circus, which first aired on the BBC in 1969.
Moomintroll (Mumintrollet) (Also known as Moomin) is the main protagonist in the Moomin books by Tove Jansson.
Morgan Freeman, The New Yorker, July 3, 1978.
Morgan le Fay, alternatively known as Morgaine, Morgain, Morgana, Morganna, Morgant, Morgane, Morgen, Morgne, Morgue and other names and spellings, is a powerful enchantress in the Arthurian legend.
Motörhead were an English rock band formed in June 1975 by bassist, singer, and songwriter Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister, who was the sole constant member, guitarist Larry Wallis and drummer Lucas Fox.
Mr Tompkins is the title character in a series of four popular science books by the physicist George Gamow.
There is some confusion in the literature on whether al-Khwārizmī's full name is ابو عبد الله محمد بن موسى الخوارزمي or ابو جعفر محمد بن موسی الخوارزمی.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
is a 1988 Japanese animated fantasy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten.
Myron Sidney Kopelman (January 23, 1929 – February 27, 2008), known professionally as Myron Cope, was an American sports journalist, radio personality, and sportscaster.
Norman Robert Pogson, CIE (23 March 1829 – 23 June 1891) was an English astronomer who worked in India at the Madras observatory.
Nana Tucker (born July 26, 1957), known professionally as Nana Visitor, is an American actress, known for playing Kira Nerys in the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Jean Ritter in the television series Wildfire.
Napoléon, Prince Imperial (full name: Napoléon Eugène Louis Jean Joseph Bonaparte, prince impérial; 16 March 1856 – 1 June 1879), also known as Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, was the only child of Emperor Napoleon III and his Empress consort, Eugénie de Montijo.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
A Nazi hunter is a private individual who tracks down and gathers information on alleged former Nazis, SS members, and Nazi collaborators who were involved in the Holocaust, typically for use at trial on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Neferneferuaten Nefertiti (c. 1370 – c. 1330 BC) was an Egyptian queen and the Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh.
Neil Alden Armstrong (August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon.
Neil deGrasse Tyson (born October 5, 1958) is an American astrophysicist, author, and science communicator.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The New York Herald was a large-distribution newspaper based in New York City that existed between May 6, 1835, and 1924 when it merged with the New-York Tribune.
Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.
Nichelle Nichols (born Grace Dell Nichols; December 28, 1932) is an American actress, singer, and voice artist.
Sir Nicholas George Winton (born Wertheim; 19May 19091July 2015) was a British humanitarian who organised the rescue of 669 children, most of them Jewish, from Czechoslovakia on the eve of the Second World War in an operation later known as the Czech Kindertransport (German for "children's transport").
Nicolae Donici (1/13 September 1874, Chişinău (currently the Republic of Moldova) - 1960, Puget-Theniers, Alpes-Maritimes, France) was a Romanian astronomer born in Bessarabia.
Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik; Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, likely independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.
Nicomachus of Gerasa (Νικόμαχος; c. 60 – c. 120 AD) was an important ancient mathematician best known for his works Introduction to Arithmetic and Manual of Harmonics in Greek.
Nie Haisheng (born 13 October 1964) is a Chinese military pilot and CNSA astronaut.
Niels Henrik David Bohr (7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922.
Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh (Николай Степанович Черных) (6 October 1931 – 26 May 2004) was a Russian-born Soviet astronomer and discoverer of minor planets and comets at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnij, on the Crimean peninsula.
Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky (a; –) was a Russian mathematician and geometer, known primarily for his work on hyperbolic geometry, otherwise known as Lobachevskian geometry and also his fundamental study on Dirichlet integrals known as Lobachevsky integral formula.
Nikolai Alexeevich Ostrovsky (Николай Алексеевич Островский; Микола Олексійович Островський; 29 September 1904 – 22 December 1936) was a Soviet socialist realist writer, of Ukrainian origin.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (a; Russia was using old style dates in the 19th century, and information sources used in the article sometimes report dates as old style rather than new style. Dates in the article are taken verbatim from the source and are in the same style as the source from which they come.) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five.
Nikolai Ivanovich Shakura (Николай Иванович Шакура; born October 7, 1945 in Belarus SSR) is a Russian astrophysicist.
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Nora Gal (Нора Галь), full name Eleonora Yakovlevna Galperina (Элеонора Яковлевна Гальперина, April 27, 1912 in Odessa – July 23, 1991) was a Soviet translator, literary critic, and translation theorist.
Norman Percevel Rockwell (February 3, 1894 – November 8, 1978) was an American author, painter and illustrator.
Obelix (Obélix in French) is a cartoon character and protagonist in the French comic book series Asterix.
Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, Ὀdysseús), also known by the Latin variant Ulysses (Ulixēs), is a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey.
Ole Christensen Rømer (25 September 1644 – 19 September 1710) was a Danish astronomer who in 1676 made the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light.
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.
Omar Khayyam (عمر خیّام; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet.
Ondřej Sekora (25 September 1899, Brno – 4 July 1967, Prague) was a Czech painter, illustrator, writer, journalist and entomologist.
was a Japanese manga artist, cartoonist, animator, and film producer.
Oscar E. Monnig (September 4, 1902 – May 4, 1999) was an American amateur astronomer, acknowledged for his contributions to meteoritics.
Johan Oskar Backlund (28 April 1846 – 29 August 1916) was a Swedish-Russian astronomer.
Oskar Nedbal (26 March 1874 – 24 December 1930) was a Czech violist, composer, and conductor of classical music.
Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was a German industrialist and a member of the Nazi Party who is credited with saving the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories in occupied Poland and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).
is a Japanese film series starring Kiyoshi Atsumi as, a kind-hearted vagabond who is always unlucky in love.
Otto Hahn, (8 March 1879 – 28 July 1968) was a German chemist and pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry.
Otto Kippes (1905–1994) was a German Catholic priest and amateur astronomer.
Otto Stern (17 February 1888 – 17 August 1969) was a German American physicist and Nobel laureate in physics.
Otto Struve (August 12, 1897 – April 6, 1963) was a Russian-American astronomer.
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.
Otto Wichterle (27 October 1913 in Prostějov in Austria-Hungary, now the Czech Republic – 18 August 1998) was a Czech chemist, best known for his invention of modern soft contact lenses.
Otto Wilhelm von Struve (May 7, 1819 (Julian calendar: April 25) – April 14, 1905) was a Russian astronomer.
Paavo Johannes Nurmi (13 June 1897 – 2 October 1973) was a Finnish middle-distance and long-distance runner.
Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (p) (–) was a Russian mathematician.
Parysatis (Παρύσατις) was the 5th-century BC illegitimate daughter of Artaxerxes I, Emperor of Persia and Andia of Babylon.
Pascale Ehrenfreund (born 1960 in Vienna) is an Austrian astrophysicist.
Sir Patrick Alfred Caldwell-Moore (4 March 19239 December 2012) was an English amateur astronomer who attained prominent status in that field as a writer, researcher, radio commentator and television presenter.
In Greek mythology, as recorded in Homer's Iliad, Patroclus (Πάτροκλος, Pátroklos, "glory of the father") was the son of Menoetius, grandson of Actor, King of Opus.
Paul Achille‐Ariel Baize (11 March 1901 – 6 October 1995) was a French pediatrician and amateur astronomer specialising in double star observations.
Paul Boltwood (1943-2017) was a Canadian amateur astronomer.
Paul Cézanne (or;; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.
Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.
Paul Kurtz (December 21, 1925 – October 20, 2012) was a prominent American scientific skeptic and secular humanist.
Sir James Paul McCartney (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer.
Pavel Vladimirovich Bure (Па́вел Влади́мирович Буре́,; born March 31, 1971) is a retired Russian professional ice hockey player who played the right wing position.
Pavel Karlovich Shternberg (Павел Карлович Штернберг; April 2, 1865 – February 1, 1920, both dates New Style) was a Russian astronomer and revolutionary, who contributed to the abolition of the government by Alexander Kerensky.
Přemysl the Ploughman (Přemysl Oráč; English: Premysl, Przemysl or Primislaus) was the legendary husband of Libuše, and ancestor of the Přemyslid dynasty, containing the line of princes (dukes) and kings which ruled in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown from 873 or earlier until the murder of Wenceslaus III in 1306.
The Přemyslid dynasty or House of Přemyslid (Přemyslovci, Premysliden, Przemyślidzi) was a Czech royal dynasty which reigned in the Duchy of Bohemia and later Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Moravia (9th century–1306), as well as in parts of Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Austria.
A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, and is often linked to the goal of achieving world peace.
Peng Huanwu (October 6, 1915 – February 28, 2007) was a renowned theoretical physicist of China, a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and a leader of Chinese nuclear weaponry projects.
Peoria is the county seat of Peoria County, Illinois, and the largest city on the Illinois River.
Percival Lawrence Lowell (March 13, 1855 – November 12, 1916) was an American businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars.
The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties, whose structure shows periodic trends.
Peter Michael Falk (September 16, 1927 – June 23, 2011) was an American actor, known for his role as Lieutenant Columbo in the long-running television series Columbo (1968–2003), for which he won four Primetime Emmy Awards (1972, 1975, 1976, 1990) and a Golden Globe Award (1973).
Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950) is an English singer-songwriter, record producer and humanitarian who rose to fame as the original lead singer and flautist of the progressive rock band Genesis.
Peter Parler (Peter von Gemünd, Petr Parléř, Petrus de Gemunden in Suevia; 1333 – 13 July 1399) was a German-Bohemian architect and sculptor from the Parler family of master builders.
Peter H. Smith is a Professor Emeritus (he retired in 2013) at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory of the University of Arizona, where he holds the inaugural Thomas R. Brown Distinguished Chair in Integrative Science.
Piet van de Kamp (December 26, 1901 in KampenLaurence W. Fredrick,, Publications of the Astronomical Socitiey of the Pacific 108:556-559, July 1996 – May 18, 1995 in Amsterdam), known as Peter van de Kamp in the United States, was a Dutch astronomer who lived most of his life in the United States.
(45) Eugenia I Petit-Prince is the larger, outer moon of asteroid 45 Eugenia.
Petr Ginz (1 February 1928 – 28 September 1944) was a Czechoslovak boy of partial Jewish background who was deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp during the Holocaust.
Petr Horálek (born July 21, 1986) is a Czech astrophotographer, popularizer of astronomy and an artist.
Petr Pravec (born September 17, 1967) is a Czech astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets, born in Třinec, Czech Republic.
Gaius Petronius Arbiter (c. 27 – 66 AD) was a Roman courtier during the reign of Nero.
Petrus Apianus (April 16, 1495 – April 21, 1552), also known as Peter Apian, Peter Bennewitz, and Peter Bienewitz was a German humanist, known for his works in mathematics, astronomy and cartography.
Philip Cary Plait (born September 30, 1964), also known as The Bad Astronomer, is an American astronomer, skeptic, writer and popular science blogger.
Phillip Harvey Spector (born Harvey Phillip Spector, December 26, 1939) is an American record producer, musician, and songwriter who developed the Wall of Sound, a music production formula he described as a "Wagnerian" approach to rock and roll.
Philibert Jacques Melotte (29 January 1880 – 30 March 1961) was a British astronomer whose parents emigrated from Belgium.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace (23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827) was a French scholar whose work was important to the development of mathematics, statistics, physics and astronomy.
Pieter Zeeman (25 May 1865 – 9 October 1943) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Hendrik Lorentz for his discovery of the Zeeman effect.
Pink Floyd were an English rock band formed in London in 1965.
Pinocchio is a fictional character and the protagonist of the children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio (1883) by Italian writer Carlo Collodi.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune.
Pocahontas (born Matoaka, known as Amonute, 1596 – March 1617) was a Native American woman notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, Virginia.
Pol F. Swings (24 September 1906 – 28 October 1983) was a Belgian astrophysicist who was known for his studies of the composition and structure of stars and comets.
Polybius (Πολύβιος, Polýbios; – BC) was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic period noted for his work which covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail.
Pope Benedict XVI (Benedictus XVI; Benedetto XVI; Benedikt XVI; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger;; 16 April 1927) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013.
Poul William Anderson (November 25, 1926 – July 31, 2001) was an American science fiction author who began his career in the 1940s and continued to write into the 21st century.
The Prague Spring (Pražské jaro, Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II.
Pribina (c. 800861) was a Slavic prince whose adventurous career, recorded in the Conversion of the Bavarians and the Carantanians (a historical work written in 870), illustrates the political volatility of the Franco–Slavic frontiers of his time.
Prince of Wales (Tywysog Cymru) was a title granted to princes born in Wales from the 12th century onwards; the term replaced the use of the word king.
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (21 May 1864 – 23 August 1945) was a Belgian princess by birth and became Crown Princess of Austria through her marriage to the heir-apparent of the Habsburg dynasty, Archduke Rudolf.
The Principality of Nitra (Nitrianske kniežatstvo, Nitriansko), also known as the Duchy of Nitra, was a West Slavic polity encompassing a group of settlements that developed in the 9th century around Nitra in present-day Slovakia.
Procol Harum is an English rock band formed in 1967.
Professor James Moriarty is a fictional character in some of the Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Dom Prokop Diviš, O.Praem. (26 March 1698 – 21 December 1765) was a Czech canon regular, theologian and natural scientist.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
A puppet is an object, often resembling a human, animal or mythical figure, that is animated or manipulated by a person called a puppeteer.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher and the eponymous founder of the Pythagoreanism movement.
Paul Zachary "PZ" Myers (born March 9, 1957) is an American biologist who founded and writes the Pharyngula science-blog.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Rabindranath Tagore FRAS, also written Ravīndranātha Ṭhākura (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Rafael Nadal Parera (born 3 June 1986) is a Spanish professional tennis player, currently world No. 1 in men's singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).
Ramesses II (variously also spelt Rameses or Ramses; born; died July or August 1213 BC; reigned 1279–1213 BC), also known as Ramesses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt.
Rammstein is a German heavy metal band formed in 1994 in Berlin, Germany.
Randall Patrick Munroe (born October 17, 1984) is an American cartoonist, author, engineer, scientific theorist, and the creator of the webcomic xkcd.
Ray Douglas Bradbury (August 22, 1920June 5, 2012) was an American author and screenwriter.
Raymond Smith Dugan (May 30, 1878 – August 31, 1940) was an American astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Guardian Rübezahl (Liczyrzepa, Duch Gór, Karkonosz, Rzepiór, or Rzepolicz; Krkonoš or Krakonoš) is a folklore mountain spirit (woodwose) of the Krkonoše Mountains (Giant Mountains, Riesengebirge, Karkonosze), a mountain range along the border between the historical lands of Bohemia and Silesia.
The Regeneron Science Talent Search, known for its first 57 years as the Westinghouse Science Talent Search, and then as the Intel Science Talent Search (Intel STS) from 1998 through 2016, is a research-based science competition in the United States for high school seniors.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
René Goscinny (14 August 1926 – 5 November 1977) was a French comics editor and writer of Polish descent, who is best known internationally for the comic book Astérix, which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and for his work on the comic series Lucky Luke with Morris (considered the series' golden age) and Iznogoud with Jean Tabary.
was a pianist and one of the best-known composers of Japan.
Rhea Silvia (also written as Rea Silvia), and also known as Ilia, was the mythical mother of the twins Romulus and Remus, who founded the city of Rome.
Ricarda Huch (18 July 1864 – 17 November 1947) was a pioneering German intellectual.
Richard Phillips Feynman (May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988) was an American theoretical physicist, known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as in particle physics for which he proposed the parton model.
Richard Huziak (born March 18, 1957 in Yorkton, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian amateur astronomer for whom the International Astronomical Union named main-belt asteroid 4143 Huziak.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Rick Douglas Husband (July 12, 1957 – February 1, 2003) (Colonel, USAF) was an American astronaut and fighter pilot.
Sir Richard Starkey (born 7 July 1940), known professionally as Ringo Starr, is an English musician, songwriter, singer, and actor who gained worldwide fame as the drummer for the Beatles.
Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (16 July 1872 – c. 18 June 1928) was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions.
Roald Dahl (13 September 1916 – 23 November 1990) was a British novelist, short story writer, poet, screenwriter, and fighter pilot.
Robert Boyle (25 January 1627 – 31 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor.
Robert Burnham Jr. (June 16, 1931 – March 20, 1993) was an American astronomer, best known for writing the classic three-volume Burnham's Celestial Handbook.
Captain Robert Falcon Scott, (6 June 1868 – 29 March 1912) was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition (1901–1904) and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition (1910–1913).
Robert Franz (28 June 1815 – 24 October 1892) was a German composer, mainly of lieder.
Robert Grant Aitken (December 31, 1864 – October 29, 1951) was an American astronomer.
Robert Hutchings Goddard (October 5, 1882 – August 10, 1945) was an American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket.
Karl Theodor Robert Luther (April 16, 1822 – February 15, 1900), normally published as Robert Luther, was a German astronomer.
Robert Theodore McCall (December 23, 1919 – February 26, 2010) was an American conceptual artist, known particularly for his works of space art.
Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and an influential music critic.
Robert Sutton Harrington (October 21, 1942 – January 23, 1993) was an American astronomer who worked at the United States Naval Observatory (USNO).
Roberto Alagna (born 7 June 1963) is a French tenor.
Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951 – August 11, 2014) was an American actor and comedian.
Rodion Konstantinovich Shchedrin (Родион Константинович Щедрин, Rodion Konstantinovič Ščedrin,; born 16 December 1932) is a Russian composer and pianist, winner of the Lenin Prize (1984), USSR State Prize (1972), and the State Prize of the Russian Federation (1992), and is a former member of the Interregional Deputy Group (1989–1991).
Roger Federer (born 8 August 1981) is a Swiss professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No.
George Roger Waters (born 6 September 1943) is an English songwriter, singer, bassist, and composer.
In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus are twin brothers, whose story tells the events that led to the founding of the city of Rome and the Roman Kingdom by Romulus.
Ronald William Howard (born March 1, 1954) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Ronald Erwin McNair (October 21, 1950 – January 28, 1986) was an American physicist and NASA astronaut.
The Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC) is a national, non-profit, charitable organization devoted to the advancement of astronomy and related sciences.
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death.
Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608).
Rudolf Mauersberger (born 29 January 1889 in Mauersberg, Saxony, died 22 February 1971 in Dresden) was a German choral conductor and composer.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Sally Kristen Ride (May 26, 1951 – July 23, 2012) was an American engineer, physicist and astronaut.
Salome (translit; translit, deriving from lit; between 62 and 71) was the daughter of Herod II and Herodias.
Samantha Reed Smith (June 29, 1972 – August 25, 1985) was an American schoolgirl, peace activist, writer and child actress from Manchester, Maine, who became famous during the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Samo founded the first recorded political union of Slavic tribes, known as Samo's Empire (realm, kingdom, or tribal union), stretching from Silesia to present-day Slovenia, ruling from 623 until his death in 658.
Samuel Pierpont Langley (August 22, 1834 – February 27, 1906) was an American astronomer, physicist, inventor of the bolometer and aviation pioneer.
Samuil Yakovlevich Marshak (alternative spelling: Samuil Yakovlevich Marchak) (Самуи́л Я́ковлевич Марша́к; 4 July 1964) was a Russian Jewish and Soviet writer, translator and children's poet.
Sandra Annette Bullock (born July 26, 1964) is an American actress, producer, and philanthropist.
Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1 May 1852 – 17 October 1934) was a Spanish neuroscientist and pathologist, specializing in neuroanatomy, particularly the histology of the central nervous system.
Sarah K. Noble (born 1975) is a planetary geologist and a program scientist at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. Her area of expertise is space weathering processes.
Sarawak is a state of Malaysia.
Sándor Ferenczi (7 July 1873 – 22 May 1933) was a Hungarian psychoanalyst, a key theorist of the psychoanalytic school and a close associate of Sigmund Freud.
Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher.
Sir Thomas Sean Connery (born 25 August 1930) is a retired Scottish actor and producer who has won an Academy Award, two BAFTA Awards (one of them being a BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award) and three Golden Globes (including the Cecil B. DeMille Award and a Henrietta Award).
Self-immolation is an act of killing oneself as a sacrifice.
Senusret (Greek: Sesostris; also transcribed as Senwosret based on Coptic; and as Usertesen in older literature) is the name of several Ancient Egyptians.
Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (a,, also transliterated as Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov, Сергій Павлович Корольов Serhiy Pavlovych Korolyov; – 14 January 1966) worked as the lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer during the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (28 March 1943) was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.
Sergey Pavlovich Glazenap (Серге́й Павлович Глазенап; September 13(25), 1848 - April 12, 1937) was a Soviet astronomer, honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1929), and Hero of Socialist Labor (1932).
Seth Barnes Nicholson (November 12, 1891 – July 2, 1963) was an American astronomer.
(c. 1135 – c. 1213) was an Iranian mathematician and astronomer of the Islamic Golden Age (during the Middle Ages).
Shavarsh Vladimiri (Vladimirovich) 18 September 1986, retrieved 22 Oktober 2017.
Sherburne Wesley Burnham (December 12, 1838 – March 11, 1921) was an American astronomer.
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Shiing-Shen Chern (October 26, 1911 – December 3, 2004) was a Chinese-American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to differential geometry and topology.
was a Japanese manga artist who became an influential figure in manga, anime, and tokusatsu, creating several immensely popular long-running series such as Cyborg 009, the Super Sentai series and the Kamen Rider Series.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios Ponte y Blanco (24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), generally known as Simón Bolívar and also colloquially as El Libertador, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule.
Simon & Garfunkel were an American folk rock duo consisting of singer-songwriter Paul Simon and singer Art Garfunkel.
Simon Newcomb (March 12, 1835 – July 11, 1909) was a Canadian–American astronomer, applied mathematician and autodidactic polymath, who was Professor of Mathematics in the U.S. Navy and at Johns Hopkins.
Simon Wiesenthal (31 December 190820 September 2005) was a Jewish Austrian Holocaust survivor, Nazi hunter, and writer.
Sisygambis (died 323 BC) was the mother of Darius III of Persia, whose reign was ended during the wars of Alexander the Great.
The sitar (or; सितार, Punjabi: ਸਿਤਾਰ) is a plucked stringed instrument used in Hindustani classical music.
Sky & Telescope (S&T) is a monthly American magazine covering all aspects of amateur astronomy, including the following.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
Sneferu (also read Snefru or Snofru), well known under his Hellenized name Soris (Σῶρις) (by Manetho), was the founding monarch of the 4th dynasty during the Old Kingdom.
Socrates (Sōkrátēs,; – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.
Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (Со́фья Васи́льевна Ковале́вская), born Sofia Vasilyevna Korvin-Krukovskaya (– 10 February 1891), was a Russian mathematician who made noteworthy contributions to analysis, partial differential equations and mechanics.
Sojourner Truth (born Isabella (Belle) Baumfree; – November 26, 1883) was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist.
Sonja Åkesson (19April 19265May 1977) was a Swedish poet, writer, and artist born in Buttle, Gotland.
Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Soyuz 11 (Союз 11, Union 11) was the only manned mission to board the world's first space station, Salyut 1 (Soyuz 10 had soft-docked but had not been able to enter due to latching problems).
Spock is a fictional character in the Star Trek media franchise.
Stanisław Herman Lem (12 or 13 September 1921 – 27 March 2006) was a Polish writer of science fiction, philosophy, and satire, and a trained physician.
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.
Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is a Canadian-American military science fiction adventure television series and part of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's ''Stargate'' franchise.
Over the past few centuries, a small number of stars have been named after individual people.
Stateira (died about 400 BC) was the wife of King Artaxerxes II of Persia.
Stefan Banach (30 March 1892 – 31 August 1945) was a Polish mathematician who is generally considered one of the world's most important and influential 20th-century mathematicians.
Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author, who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science.
Steve Roach (born February 16, 1955) is an American composer and performer of ambient electronic music, whose recordings are also classified in the genres of space, drone, and new-age.
Steven Jeffrey Ostro (March 9, 1946 – December 15, 2008) was an American scientist specializing in radar astronomy.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
STS-107 was the 113th flight of the Space Shuttle program, and the final flight of Space Shuttle ''Columbia''.
STS-51-L was the 25th mission of the United States Space Shuttle program, and disastrous final mission of the Space Shuttle ''Challenger''.
Svante August Arrhenius (19 February 1859 – 2 October 1927) was a Nobel-Prize winning Swedish scientist, originally a physicist, but often referred to as a chemist, and one of the founders of the science of physical chemistry.
Svatopluk I or Svätopluk I, also known as Svatopluk the Great (Latin: Zuentepulc, Zuentibald, Sventopulch, Old Church Slavic Свѧтопълкъ and transliterated Svętopъłkъ, Polish: Świętopełk, Greek: Sphendoplokos) was a ruler of Great Moravia, which attained its maximum territorial expansion during his reign (870–871, 871–894).
Sven Kullander (9 March 1936 – 28 January 2014) was a Swedish physicist.
Sylvain Julien Victor Arend (6 August 1902 – 18 February 1992) was a Belgian astronomer born in Robelmont, Luxembourg province, Belgium.
Syosset is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Nassau County, New York, United States, in the northeastern section of the Town of Oyster Bay, on the North Shore of Long Island.
Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (–) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire.
Tadeáš Hájek z Hájku (1 December 1525 in Prague – 1 September 1600 in Prague), also known as Tadeáš Hájek of Hájek, Thaddaeus Hagecius ab Hayek or Thaddeus Nemicus, was a Czech naturalist, personal physician of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II and an astronomer in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
, later known as, was the daughter of the Chancellor Taira no Kiyomori, and empress-consort of Emperor Takakura.
was a Japanese conductor.
was a Japanese astronomer.
Tamar the Great (თამარი) (1160 – 18 January 1213) reigned as the Queen of Georgia from 1184 to 1213, presiding over the apex of the Georgian Golden Age.
Tamara Mikhaylovna Smirnova (Тама́ра Миха́йловна Смирно́ва; 1935–2001) was a Soviet/Russian astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and comets.
Tatyana Nikolayevna Savicheva (Татья́на Никола́евна Са́вичева), commonly referred to as Tanya Savicheva (23 January 1930 – 1 July 1944) was a Russian child diarist who endured the Siege of Leningrad during World War II.
Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (–) was a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer.
Tarmo Oja (born December 21, 1934 in Tallinn, Estonia) is a professor in astronomy at Uppsala University who studies galactic structure and variable stars.
Elizabeth Téa Pantaleoni (born February 25, 1966), better known by her stage name Téa Leoni, is an American actress and producer.
Tenzing Norgay GM OSN (tendzin norgyé; 29 May 1914 – 9 May 1986), born Namgyal Wangdi and often referred to as Sherpa Tenzing, was a Nepali Sherpa mountaineer.
Theresa Lee "Terry" Farrell (born November 19, 1963) is an American actress and fashion model.
Terrence Vance Gilliam (born 22 November 1940) is an American-born British screenwriter, film director, animator, actor, comedian and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe.
Terence Graham Parry Jones (born 1 February 1942) is a Welsh actor, writer, comedian, screenwriter and film director.
Sir Terence David John Pratchett (28 April 1948 – 12 March 2015) was an English author of fantasy novels, especially comical works.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thales of Miletus (Θαλῆς (ὁ Μιλήσιος), Thalēs; 624 – c. 546 BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer from Miletus in Asia Minor (present-day Milet in Turkey).
The Adventures of Pinocchio (Le avventure di Pinocchio) is a novel for children by Italian author Carlo Collodi, written in Pescia.
The Adventures of Tintin (Les Aventures de Tintin) is a series of 24 comic albums created by Belgian cartoonist Georges Remi, who wrote under the pen name Hergé.
The Bartered Bride (Prodaná nevěsta, The Sold Bride) is a comic opera in three acts by the Czech composer Bedřich Smetana, to a libretto by Karel Sabina.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank, is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
The Discovery Channel Young Scientist Challenge (DCYSC) is the former name of the youth science and engineering competition now known as the Discovery Education 3M Young Scientist Challenge sponsored by Discovery Education and 3M for middle school students in the United States.
The Egyptian (Sinuhe egyptiläinen, Sinuhe the Egyptian) is a historical novel by Mika Waltari.
The Good Soldier Švejk (also spelled Schweik, Shveyk or Schwejk) is the abbreviated title of an unfinished satirical dark comedy novel by Jaroslav Hašek.
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (sometimes referred to as HG2G, HHGTTG or H2G2) is a comedy science fiction series created by Douglas Adams.
The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by English author J. R. R. Tolkien.
The Little Prince (French: Le Petit Prince), first published in April 1943, is a novella, the most famous work of French aristocrat, writer, poet, and pioneering aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.
is a distance learning university which has students all over Japan; it accepted its first students in 1985.
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Theodor von Oppolzer (26 October 1841 – 26 December 1886) was an Austrian astronomer and mathematician of Bohemian origin.
Theodore Lyman (November 23, 1874 – October 11, 1954) was a U.S. physicist and spectroscopist, born in Boston.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church.
Thomas Joel Bopp (October 15, 1949 – January 5, 2018) was an American astronomer best known as the co-discoverer of comet Hale–Bopp (with Alan Hale) in 1995.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Thomas Gainsborough FRSA (14 May 1727 (baptised) – 2 August 1788) was an English portrait and landscape painter, draughtsman, and printmaker.
Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.
Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.
Thomas Moran (February 12, 1837 – August 25, 1926) was an American painter and printmaker of the Hudson River School in New York whose work often featured the Rocky Mountains.
Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 – April 18, 2002) was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany, and geography.
Thorvald Nicolai Thiele (24 December 1838 – 26 September 1910) was a Danish astronomer and director of the Copenhagen Observatory.
Thutmose (also rendered Thutmoses, Thutmosis, Tuthmose, Tutmosis, Thothmes, Tuthmosis, Djhutmose, etc.) is an Anglicization of the Egyptian name dhwty-ms, usually translated as "Born of the god Thoth".
Thyra, also known as Thorvi or Thyre, was a Danish queen, spouse of King Gorm the Old of Denmark, the first historically recognized King of Denmark, who reigned from to his death.
Tikhon Nikolayevich Khrennikov (Ти́хон Никола́евич Хре́нников; – 14 August 2007), HSL, PAU, was a Russian and Soviet composer, pianist, and leader of the Union of Soviet Composers, who was also known for his political activities.
Timothy B. Hunter, better known as Tim Hunter, is an American radiologist and amateur astronomer.
Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Tomaso Giovanni Albinoni (8 June 1671 – 17 January 1751) was an Italian Baroque composer.
Tomáš Baťa (3 April 1876 – 12 July 1932) was a Czech entrepreneur, founder of the Bata Shoes company, one of the world's biggest multinational retailers, manufacturers and distributors of footwear and accessories.
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, sometimes anglicised to Thomas Masaryk (7 March 1850 – 14 September 1937), was a Czech politician, statesman, sociologist and philosopher.
Tor Hagfors (18 December 1930 – 17 January 2007) was a Norwegian scientist, radio astronomer, radar expert and a pioneer in the studies of the interactions between electromagnetic waves and plasma.
Tove Marika Jansson (Finland; 9 August 1914 – 27 June 2001) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish author, novelist, painter, illustrator and comic strip author.
Marie Čermínová (21 September 1902, Prague – 9 November 1980, Paris), known as Toyen, was a Czech painter, drafter and illustrator and a member of the surrealist movement.
Tristan (Latin & Brythonic: Drustanus; Trystan), also known as Tristram, is a Cornish knight of the Round Table and the hero of the Arthurian Tristan and Iseult story.
Tutankhamun (alternatively spelled with Tutenkh-, -amen, -amon) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled c. 1332–1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom or sometimes the New Empire Period.
Tycho Brahe (born Tyge Ottesen Brahe;. He adopted the Latinized form "Tycho Brahe" (sometimes written Tÿcho) at around age fifteen. The name Tycho comes from Tyche (Τύχη, meaning "luck" in Greek, Roman equivalent: Fortuna), a tutelary deity of fortune and prosperity of ancient Greek city cults. He is now generally referred to as "Tycho," as was common in Scandinavia in his time, rather than by his surname "Brahe" (a spurious appellative form of his name, Tycho de Brahe, only appears much later). 14 December 154624 October 1601) was a Danish nobleman, astronomer, and writer known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations.
Mīrzā Muhammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrukh (میرزا محمد طارق بن شاہ رخ, میرزا محمد تراغای بن شاہ رخ), better known as Ulugh Beg (March 22, 1394 in Sultaniyeh, Persia – October 27, 1449, Samarkand), was a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan.
Undine is a fairy-tale novella (Erzählung) by Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué in which Undine, a water spirit, marries a knight named Huldebrand in order to gain a soul.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Minnesota Morris (UMM) is a public liberal arts college and a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges located in Morris, Minnesota.
, abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier (11 March 1811 – 23 September 1877) was a French mathematician who specialized in celestial mechanics and is best known for predicting the existence and position of Neptune using only mathematics.
Valeri Borisovich Kharlamov (Валерий Борисович Харламов,; 14 January 1948 – 27 August 1981) was an ice hockey forward who played for CSKA Moscow in the Soviet League from 1967 until his death in 1981.
Vanessa-Mae (陈美 Chén Měi) (born 27 October 1978) also called Vanessa-Mae Vanakorn Nicholson, is a British violinist with album sales reaching several million, having made her the wealthiest entertainer under 30 in the United Kingdom in 2006.
Evángelos Odysséas Papathanassíou (born 29 March 1943), best known professionally as Vangelis (Βαγγέλης), is a Greek composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, and orchestral music.
Václav Neumann (29 September 1920 – 2 September 1995) was a Czech conductor, violinist and viola player.
Václav Talich (28 May 1883 – 16 March 1961) was a Czech conductor, violinist and pedagogue.
Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez (28 September 1932 – 16 September 1973) was a Chilean teacher, theater director, poet, singer-songwriter and political activist tortured and killed during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.
Věra Čáslavská (3 May 1942 – 30 August 2016) was a Czechoslovak artistic gymnast and Czech sports official.
Večerníček (translated from Czech and Slovak as "Little Eveninger") is a television program for children in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Viktor Vladimirovich Khlebnikov, better known by the pen name Velimir Khlebnikov (p; – 28 June 1922), was a Russian poet and playwright, a central part of the Russian Futurist movement, but his work and influence stretch far beyond it.
Venetia Katharine Douglas Phair, née Burney (11 July 1918 – 30 April 2009) was an English woman who as a girl was credited by Clyde Tombaugh with first suggesting the name Pluto for the planet he discovered in 1930.
Vera Florence Cooper Rubin (July 23, 1928 – December 25, 2016) was an American astronomer who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates.
Vera Voloshina (1919–1941) (Вера Даниловна Волошина) was a Russian partisan who after joining the Red Army took part in subversive activities against the Nazis in World War II.
Vesto Melvin Slipher (November 11, 1875 – November 8, 1969) was an American astronomer who performed the first measurements of radial velocities for galaxies, providing the empirical basis for the expansion of the universe.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
Victoria, in ancient Roman religion, was the personified goddess of victory.
The Vienna Observatory (Universitätssternwarte Wien) is an astronomical observatory in Vienna, Austria.
Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev (Ви́ктор Ива́нович Паца́ев; 19 June 193330 June 1971) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 11 mission and was part of the second crew to die during a space flight.
The Vilnius photometric system is a medium-band seven-colour photometric system (UPXYZVS), created in 1963 by Vytautas Straižys and his coworkers.
Paul Marie Théodore Vincent d'Indy (27 March 18512 December 1931) was a French composer and teacher.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
Vincenzo Cerulli (20 April 1859 – 30 May 1927) was an Italian astronomer and founder of the Collurania-Teramo Observatory in Teramo, central Italy, where he was born.
Vincenzo Zappalà (born 1945) is an Italian astronomer and discoverer of several main-belt asteroids.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimír Remek (born 26 September 1948) is a Czech politician and diplomat as well as a former cosmonaut and military pilot.
Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov (p; 16 March 192724 April 1967) was a Soviet test pilot, aerospace engineer and cosmonaut.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin; 2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist, poet, translator and entomologist.
Vladimir Georgiev Shkodrov (Владимир Георгиев Шкодров; 10 February 1930 – 31 August 2010) was a Bulgarian astronomer and professor at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (Влади́мир Ива́нович Верна́дский; Володи́мир Іва́нович Верна́дський; – 6 January 1945) was a Russian, Ukrainian, and Soviet mineralogist and geochemist who is considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and radiogeology, and was a founder of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (now National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine).
Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky (p; 25 January 1938 – 25 July 1980) was a Russian singer-songwriter, poet, and actor whose career had an immense and enduring effect on Soviet and Russian culture.
Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov (Владисла́в Никола́евич Во́лков; November 23, 1935June 30, 1971) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 11 missions.
The Volsci were an Italic tribe, well known in the history of the first century of the Roman Republic.
François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.
Vulcans (also Vulcanians) are a fictional extraterrestrial humanoid species in the Star Trek franchise who originate from the planet Vulcan.
Vytautas Straižys (born August 20, 1936) is a Lithuanian astronomer.
Wilhelm Heinrich Walter Baade (March 24, 1893 – June 25, 1960) was a German astronomer who worked in the United States from 1931 to 1959.
Walter Leland Cronkite Jr. (November 4, 1916 – July 17, 2009) was an American broadcast journalist who served as anchorman for the CBS Evening News for 19 years (1962–1981).
Walter Jerry Payton (July 25, 1954 – November 1, 1999) was an American football running back who played for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL) for thirteen seasons.
Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe (8 January 1891 – 8 February 1957) was a German nuclear physicist, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954 with Max Born.
Václav Hollar (13 July 160725 March 1677), was a Bohemian etcher, known in England as Wenceslaus or Wenceslas and by speakers of German as Wenzel Hollar.
(Saint) Wenceslaus I (Václav; c. 907 – September 28, 935), Wenceslas I or Václav the Good was the duke (kníže) of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935.
Werner Karl Heisenberg (5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976) was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics.
Wilhelm Wolff Beer (4 January 1797 – 27 March 1850) was a banker and astronomer from Berlin, Prussia, and the brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer.
Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel (December 4, 1821 – March 16, 1889), normally known as Wilhelm Tempel, was a German astronomer who worked in Marseille until the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, then later moved to Italy.
Baron Wilhelm von Biela (Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela; March 19, 1782 – February 18, 1856) was a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer.
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology.
Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria; 31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948.
William Jacob "Will" Cuppy (August 23, 1884 – September 19, 1949) was an American humorist and literary critic, known for his satirical books about nature and historical figures.
Willem de Sitter (6 May 1872 – 20 November 1934) was a Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer.
William Cameron "Willie" McCool (September 23, 1961 – February 1, 2003), (Cmdr, USN), was an American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, and NASA astronaut, who was the pilot of Space Shuttle ''Columbia'' mission STS-107.
William Cranch Bond (9 September 1789 – 29 January 1859) was an American astronomer, and the first director of Harvard College Observatory.
William Henry Pickering (February 15, 1858 – January 16, 1938) was an American astronomer.
Frederick William Herschel, (Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel; 15 November 1738 – 25 August 1822) was a German-born British astronomer, composer and brother of fellow astronomer Caroline Herschel, with whom he worked.
Sir William Huggins (7 February 1824 – 12 May 1910) was an English astronomer best known for his pioneering work in astronomical spectroscopy together with his wife Margaret Lindsay Huggins.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
William Wallace Campbell (April 11, 1862 – June 14, 1938) was an American astronomer, and director of Lick Observatory from 1901 to 1930.
Wolf Jürgen Baron von Engelhardt (9 February 1910, Tartu – 4 December 2008, Tübingen) was a German geologist and mineralogist.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (25 April 1900 – 15 December 1958) was an Austrian-born Swiss and American theoretical physicist and one of the pioneers of quantum physics.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Dr Wubbo Johannes Ockels (28 March 1946 – 18 May 2014) was a Dutch physicist and an astronaut of the European Space Agency (ESA).
Xanthippe (Ξανθίππη,; 5th – 4th century BCE) was an ancient Athenian, the wife of Socrates and mother of their three sons: Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus.
Xerxes I (𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠 x-š-y-a-r-š-a Xšayaṛša "ruling over heroes", Greek Ξέρξης; 519–465 BC), called Xerxes the Great, was the fourth king of kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia.
xkcd, sometimes styled XKCD, is a webcomic created by American author Randall Munroe.
Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich (Я́каў Бары́савіч Зяльдо́віч, Я́ков Бори́сович Зельдо́вич; 8 March 1914 – 2 December 1987), also known as YaB, was a Soviet physicist of Belarusian Jewish ethnicity, who is known for his prolific contributions in cosmology and the physics of thermonuclear and hydrodynamical phenomena.
Yang Liwei (born 21 June 1965) is a major general, military pilot, and China National Space Administration astronaut.
Yao Beina (26 September 1981 – 16 January 2015), also known as Bella Yao, was a Chinese singer.
Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, (22 April 191612 March 1999) was an American-born violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in Britain.
Yes are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Peter Banks, keyboardist Tony Kaye, and drummer Bill Bruford.
Yevgeniya Maksimovna Rudneva (Евгения Максимовна Руднева), also known as Zhenya Rudneva (Женя Руднева) (24 December 1920 – 9 April 1944) was a Soviet military air navigator, a Hero of the Soviet Union, a member of the Moscow branch of the Astronomical-Geodesical Society of the USSR, and head of the Solar Department.
Yevgeny Ivanovich Tolstikov (Евгений Иванович Толстиков) (February 9, 1913 – December 3, 1987) was a Soviet polar explorer, awarded by the Hero of the Soviet Union title.
Yoko Ono (小野 洋子, born February 18, 1933) is a Japanese multimedia artist, singer, songwriter, and peace activist who is also known for her work in performance art and filmmaking.
Yrjö Väisälä (6 September 1891 in Utra, Kontiolahti, Grand Duchy of Finland – 21 July 1971 in Rymättylä, Finland) was a Finnish astronomer and physicist.
was a Japanese amateur astronomer who discovered Comet C/1996 B2, also known as Comet Hyakutake on January 31, 1996 while using 25×150 binoculars.
is a Japanese musician, composer and record producer.
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (p; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.
Yuri Khatuevich Temirkanov (Ю́рий Хату́евич Темирка́нов; Темыркъан Юрий; born December 10, 1938) is a Russian conductor of Circassian (Kabardian) origin.
Yves Coppens (born 9 August 1934 in Vannes, Morbihan) is a French anthropologist.
Zdeněk Michael František Burian (February 11, 1905, Kopřivnice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary – July 1, 1981 Prague, Czechoslovakia) was a Czech painter and book illustrator whose work played a central role in the development of palaeontological reconstruction.
Zdeněk Miler (21 February 1921 – 30 November 2011) was a Czech animator and illustrator best known for his Mole (Krtek or Krteček in original) character and its adventures.
Zdenek Sekanina is an American astronomer and scientist.
Zdislava Berka T.O.S.D. (also, Zdislava of Lemberk; 1220–1252) was the wife of Havel of Markvartice, Duke of Lemberk, and is a Czech saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese; 9 May 1892 – 14 March 1989) was the wife of Charles, the last monarch of Austria-Hungary.
Zoltán Latinovits (9 September 1931 in Budapest – 4 June 1976 in Balatonszemes) was a Hungarian actor.
Zoya Anatolyevna Kosmodemyanskaya (p; September 13, 1923 – November 29, 1941) was a Soviet partisan, and recipient of the Hero of the Soviet Union (awarded posthumously).
Zsa Zsa Gabor (born Sári Gábor; February 6, 1917 – December 18, 2016) was a Hungarian-American actress and socialite. Her sisters were actresses Eva and Magda Gabor. Gabor began her stage career in Vienna and was crowned Miss Hungary in 1936.Hischak, Thomas S. The Oxford Companion to the American Musical: Theatre, Film, and Television, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, p.271 She emigrated from Hungary to the United States in 1941. Becoming a sought-after actress with "European flair and style", she was considered to have a personality that "exuded charm and grace". Her first film role was a supporting role in Lovely to Look At. She later acted in We're Not Married! and played one of her few leading roles in the John Huston-directed film, Moulin Rouge (1952). Huston would later describe her as a "creditable" actress. Outside her acting career, Gabor was known for her extravagant Hollywood lifestyle, her glamorous personality, and her many marriages. In total, Gabor had nine husbands, including hotel magnate Conrad Hilton and actor George Sanders. She once stated, "Men have always liked me and I have always liked men. But I like a mannish man, a man who knows how to talk to and treat a woman—not just a man with muscles.".
Zu Chongzhi (429–500 AD), courtesy name Wenyuan, was a Chinese mathematician, astronomer, writer and politician during the Liu Song and Southern Qi dynasties.
ZZ Top is an American rock band formed in 1969 in Houston, Texas.
1000 Piazzia, provisional designation, is a dark asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 47 kilometers in diameter.
1001 Gaussia, provisional designation, is a dark background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 73 kilometers in diameter.
1002 Olbersia, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 30 kilometers in diameter.
1004 Belopolskya, provisional designation, is a dark Cybele asteroid from the outermost region of the asteroid belt, approximately 75 kilometers in diameter.
1005 Arago, provisional designation, is a dark asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 55 kilometers in diameter.
1006 Lagrangea, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous background asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 30 kilometers in diameter.
1007 Pawlowia, provisional designation, is a background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter.
1021 Flammario, provisional designation, is a dark background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
1024 Hale, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
10251 Mulisch, provisional designation, is a bright background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
1034 Mozartia, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
1038 Tuckia, provisional designation, is rare-type Hildian asteroid from the outermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 58 kilometers in diameter.
1040 Klumpkea is an asteroid.
1059 Mussorgskia, provisional designation, is a background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
1065 Amundsenia, provisional designation, is an stony asteroid and sizeable Mars-crosser on an eccentric orbit from the inner asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.
1068 Nofretete, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the background population in the outer asteroid belt, approximately 23 kilometers in diameter.
1069 Planckia, provisional designation, is a background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 39 kilometers in diameter.
107 Camilla is one of the largest main-belt asteroids.
10979 Fristephenson, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Sulamitis asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
11020 Orwell, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 14 kilometers in diameter.
110393 Rammstein, provisional designation, is a background asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter.
1111 Reinmuthia, provisional designation, is a very elongated asteroid from the background population in the outer region of the asteroid belt.
1120 Cannonia, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.
1123 Shapleya, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers in diameter.
1128 Astrid, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Astridian asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt.
1129 Neujmina, provisional designation, is a stony Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 34 kilometers in diameter.
1134 Kepler, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid and eccentric Mars-crosser from the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter.
1143 Odysseus, provisional designation, is a large Jupiter trojan located in the Greek camp of Jupiter's orbit.
115 Thyra is a fairly large and bright inner main-belt asteroid that was discovered by Canadian-American astronomer J. C. Watson on August 6, 1871 and was named for Thyra, the consort of King Gorm the Old of Denmark.
1172 Äneas, provisional designation, is a large Jupiter trojan from the Trojan camp, approximately in diameter.
11755 Paczynski (2691 P-L) is a Nysian asteroid from the main belt, discovered on September 24, 1960, by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld on Palomar Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.
1186 Turnera, provisional designation, is a stony Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 36 kilometers in diameter.
12 Victoria is a large main-belt asteroid.
1215 Boyer, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomian asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter.
12373 Lancearmstrong, provisional designation, is a bright asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.
1239 Queteleta, provisional designation, is a dark background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
1241 Dysona, provisional designation, is a dark background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 77 kilometers in diameter.
12621 Alsufi, provisionally designated, is a carbonaceous Themistian asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
127 Johanna is a large, dark main-belt asteroid that was discovered by French astronomers Paul Henry and Prosper Henry on November 5, 1872, and is believed to be named after Joan of Arc.
1280 Baillauda, provisional designation, is a dark background asteroid from the outermost region of the asteroid belt, approximately 52 kilometers in diameter.
12838 Adamsmith, provisional designation, is a stony Koronis asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers in diameter.
12848 Agostino, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomia asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.
1303 Luthera, provisional designation, is a dark asteroid and the parent body of the Luthera family, located in the outermost regions of the asteroid belt.
13070 Seanconnery, provisional designation, is an eccentric, stony asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 3 kilometers in diameter.
13123 Tyson, provisional designation, is a stony Phocaea asteroid and an asynchronous binary system from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.
1322 Coppernicus, provisional designation, is a stony background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.
13241 Biyo, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter.
1405 Sibelius, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
1412 Lagrula, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 or 23 kilometers in diameter, depending on the body's divergent reflectivity measurements.
14335 Alexosipov, provisional designation, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter.
1449 Virtanen, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 9.2 kilometers in diameter.
1455 Mitchella, provisional designation, is a Florian asteroid, slow rotator and suspected tumbler from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
1462 Zamenhof, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Themistian asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 27 kilometers in diameter.
15017 Cuppy, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 2 kilometers in diameter.
15092 Beegees, provisional designation, is a stony Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
1510 Charlois, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Eunomia asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 24 kilometers in diameter.
15262 Abderhalden, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Themistian asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 12 kilometers in diameter.
1529 Oterma, provisional designation, is a reddish, rare-type Hildian asteroid from the outermost region of the asteroid belt, approximately 56 kilometers in diameter.
153 Hilda is a large asteroid in the outer main belt, with a diameter of 170 km.
15374 Teta, provisional designation, is bright, stony Hungaria asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, about 3.3 kilometers in diameter.
154 Bertha is a main-belt asteroid.
1551 Argelander, provisional designation, is a main belt asteroid discovered on February 24, 1938, by Yrjö Väisälä at the Iso-Heikkilä Observatory in Turku, Finland.
1552 Bessel, provisional designation, is a stony Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 18 kilometers in diameter.
156 Xanthippe is a dark background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
1563 Noël, provisional designation, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
1565 Lemaître, provisional designation, is a highly eccentric Phocaea asteroid and sizable Mars-crosser from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
1569 Evita, provisional designation, is a dark background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 36 kilometers in diameter.
1573 Väisälä, provisional designation, is a stony Phocaea asteroid, slow rotator and suspected tumbler from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 9 kilometers in diameter.
1578 Kirkwood, provisional designation, is a Hildian asteroid from the outermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 52 kilometers in diameter.
1590 Tsiolkovskaja, provisional designation, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers in diameter.
1600 Vyssotsky, provisional designation, is a rare-type Hungaria asteroid and suspected interloper from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
162 Laurentia is a large and dark main-belt asteroid that was discovered by the French brothers Paul Henry and Prosper Henry on April 21, 1876, and named after Joseph Jean Pierre Laurent, an amateur astronomer who discovered asteroid 51 Nemausa.
1622 Chacornac, provisional designation, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 9 kilometers in diameter.
1637 Swings, provisional designation, is a dark asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 50 kilometers in diameter.
1655 Comas Solà, provisional designation, is a rare-type asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 36 kilometers in diameter.
16765 Agnesi, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomia asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter.
1677 Tycho Brahe, provisional designation, is a stony Marian asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
1683 Castafiore, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 21 kilometers in diameter.
1691 Oort, provisional designation, is a rare-type carbonaceous Themistian asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 33 kilometers in diameter.
1693 Hertzsprung, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 39 kilometers in diameter.
1714 Sy, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
1740 Paavo Nurmi, provisional designation, is rare-type asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
1741 Giclas, provisional designation, is a stony Koronian asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
1743 Schmidt, also designated, is an asteroid from the asteroid belt, about 17 kilometers in diameter.
17473 Freddiemercury, provisional designation, is a stony Massalian asteroid from the inner regions asteroid belt, approximately 3.4 kilometers in diameter.
1761 Edmondson, provisional designation, is a dark Themistian asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 21 kilometers in diameter.
1766 Slipher, provisional designation, is a Paduan asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 18 kilometers in diameter.
1772 Gagarin, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 9 kilometers in diameter.
1776 Kuiper, provisional designation, is a dark Eoan asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 38 kilometers in diameter.
1778 Alfvén, also designated, is a carbonaceous Themistian asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter.
1780 Kippes, provisional designation, is an Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 28 kilometers in diameter.
1789 Dobrovolsky, provisional designation, is a Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
1790 Volkov, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
1791 Patsayev, provisional designation, is a presumably carbonaceous asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 26 kilometers in diameter.
1793 Zoya, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 9 kilometers in diameter.
1803 Zwicky, provisional designation, is a stony Phocaea asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.
1815 Beethoven, provisional designation, is a rare-type carbonaceous asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 30 kilometers in diameter.
1818 Brahms, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers in diameter.
1830 Pogson, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
1831 Nicholson, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
1832 Mrkos, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 30 kilometers in diameter.
1834 Palach, provisional designation, is a stony Eoan asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 19 kilometers in diameter.
1836 Komarov, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Dorian asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 22 kilometers in diameter.
1840 Hus, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
1841 Masaryk, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 46 kilometers in diameter.
1846 Bengt, provisional designation, is a dark asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers in diameter.
1850 Kohoutek, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers in diameter.
1855 Korolev, provisional designation, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
1858 Lobachevskij, provisionally designated, is a rare-type asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
1859 Kovalevskaya, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 40 kilometers in diameter.
1861 Komenský, provisional designation, is an Eoan asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, estimated to measure approximately 15 kilometers in diameter.
18610 Arthurdent, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 3.5 kilometers in diameter.
187 Lamberta is a main-belt asteroid that was discovered by French (Corsican) astronomer Jérôme Eugène Coggia on April 11, 1878, and named after the astronomer Johann Heinrich Lambert.
1877 Marsden, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Hildian asteroid from the outermost region of the asteroid belt, approximately 35 kilometers in diameter.
1889 Pakhmutova, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 35 kilometers in diameter.
1907 Rudneva, provisional designation, is a stony background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers in diameter.
1909 Alekhin, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid and slow rotator from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
19139 Apian, provisional designation, is a bright background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers in diameter.
1931 Čapek, provisional designation, is a background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
19367 Pink Floyd, provisional designation, is a dark asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
19383 Rolling Stones (1998 BZ32) is a bright Vestian asteroid from the asteroid belt, approximately 3 kilometers in diameter.
1940 Whipple, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 35 kilometers in diameter.
1965 van de Kamp, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 12 kilometers in diameter.
1979 Sakharov, provisionally designated, is a stony Vestian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 4.5 kilometers in diameter.
1983 Bok, provisional designation, is a dark asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 15 kilometers in diameter.
1991 Darwin, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.
1995 Hajek, provisional designation, is a metallic asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
1996 Adams, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomia asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
1997 Leverrier, provisional designation, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.
1998 Titius, provisional designation, is a metallic–carbonaceous asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 14 kilometers in diameter.
1999 Hirayama, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 34 kilometers in diameter.
2000 Herschel, provisional designation, is a stony Phocaea asteroid and a tumbling slow rotator from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
2001 Einstein, provisional designation, is a bright Hungaria asteroid from the innermost region of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.
2002 Euler, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
2003 Harding, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 18 kilometers in diameter.
2005 Hencke, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomia asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.
2009 Voloshina, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 27 kilometers in diameter.
2010 Chebyshev, provisional designation, is a rare-type carbonaceous asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 25 kilometers in diameter.
2012 Guo Shou-Jing, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid and Florian interloper from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.
2047 Smetana, provisional designation, is a bright Hungaria asteroid and synchronous binary system from the innermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 3.5 kilometers in diameter.
2054 Gawain, provisional designation, is a dark and elongated asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 19 kilometers in diameter.
2055 Dvořák, provisional designation, is an eccentric asteroid and sizable Mars-crosser from the innermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
2069 Hubble, provisional designation, is a carbonacous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 40 kilometers in diameter.
2074 Shoemaker, provisional designation, is a stony Hungaria asteroid, Mars-crosser and suspected synchronous binary system from the innermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter.
2099 Öpik, provisional designation, is a dark and eccentric asteroid and Mars-crosser from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5.1 kilometers in diameter.
211 Isolda is a very large, dark main-belt asteroid.
2126 Gerasimovich, provisional designation, is a stony background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
2127 Tanya, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 40 kilometers in diameter.
2143 Jimarnold, provisional designation, is a background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.
21501 Acevedo, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 2.4 kilometers in diameter.
216 Kleopatra is a metallic, ham-bone-shaped asteroid and trinary system orbiting in the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
218 Bianca is a sizeable Main belt asteroid.
220 Stephania is a dark asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 32 kilometers in diameter.
2227 Otto Struve, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 4.7 kilometers in diameter.
2244 Tesla, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 25 kilometers in diameter.
2308 Schilt, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomia asteroid from the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
2325 Chernykh, provisional designation, is a dark Themistian asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
238 Hypatia is a very large main-belt asteroid that was discovered by Russian astronomer Viktor Knorre on July 1, 1884, in Berlin.
2420 Čiurlionis, provisionally designated, is a stony Eunomian asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 9 kilometers in diameter.
2436 Hatshepsut, provisional designation, is a Hygiean asteroid from the outer asteroid belt, approximately 19 kilometers in diameter.
2483 Guinevere, provisional designation, is a dark and elongated Hildian asteroid from the outermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 43 kilometers in diameter.
24988 Alainmilsztajn, provisional designation, is a stony asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 2.5 kilometers in diameter.
25143 Itokawa (イトカワ,いとかわ,糸川) is a stony sub-kilometer asteroid, classified as near-Earth object of the Apollo group and potentially hazardous asteroid, that measures approximately 350 meters in diameter.
254 Augusta is a main-belt asteroid, discovered on 31 March 31, 1886 by astronomer Johann Palisa at Vienna Observatory, Austria.
2578 Saint-Exupéry, provisional designation, is an Eoan asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
25924 Douglasadams, provisional designation, is a Nysian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 2.4 kilometers in diameter.
2598 Merlin, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Dorian asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 16 kilometers in diameter.
264 Libussa is a Main belt asteroid that was discovered by C. H. F. Peters on December 22, 1886, in Clinton, New York and was named after Libussa, the legendary founder of Prague.
2644 Victor Jara, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
2675 Tolkien, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid and extremely slow rotator from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.
26858 Misterrogers is a Mars crossing asteroid named after children's television host Fred Rogers.
2709 Sagan, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6.7 kilometers in diameter.
2730 Barks, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 15 kilometers in diameter.
2751 Campbell, provisional designation, is a stony Nysian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers in diameter.
2807 Karl Marx, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Dorian asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 17 kilometers in diameter.
281 Lucretia is an asteroid belonging to the Flora family in the Main Belt.
2839 Annette, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter.
28439 Miguelreyes, provisional designation, is an asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 3.9 kilometers in diameter.
2874 Jim Young, provisional designation, is a stony Florian asteroid and slow rotator from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7.5 kilometers in diameter.
2934 Aristophanes, provisional designation, is a carbonaceous Veritasian asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 22 kilometers in diameter.
2940 Bacon, provisional designation, is a carbonac