203 relations: Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Adolphus Greely, Adrian Hayes (adventurer), Adrien de Gerlache, Albert Hastings Markham, Albert P. Crary, Alex Hibbert, Alexander Kolchak, Alexander Kuchin, Alexander Mackenzie (explorer), Alexander von Middendorff, Alexey Tryoshnikov, Alfred Gabriel Nathorst, Alfred Ritscher, Alistair Mackay, Andreas Peter Hovgaard, Andrew Regan, Ann Bancroft, Antony Jinman, Apsley Cherry-Garrard, Augustine Courtauld, Avgust Tsivolko, Børge Ousland, Ben Saunders (explorer), Bernhard Hantzsch, Boris Vilkitsky, Carl Frederick Wandel, Carsten Borchgrevink, Cecil Madigan, Charles Francis Hall, Charlie Paton, Christian Leden, Dan Byles, Dmitry Laptev, Dmitry Ovtsyn, Donal T. Manahan, Douglas Mawson, Edgar Evans, Edgeworth David, Edmund Hillary, Eduard Toll, Edward Bransfield, Edward Evans, 1st Baron Mountevans, Edward Israel, Edward W Nelson, Edward W. Bingham, Edwin De Haven, Ejnar Mikkelsen, Elisha Kane, Emil Racoviță, ..., Eric Marshall, Eric Philips, Erling Kagge, Ernest de Koven Leffingwell, Ernest Shackleton, Exploration, Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Fedot Alekseyevich Popov, Ferdinand von Wrangel, Finn Ronne, Francis Crozier, Francis McClintock, Frank Wild, Frank Worsley, Frederick Cook, Fridtjof Nansen, Fyodor Litke, Fyodor Matisen, Fyodor Matyushkin, Fyodor Minin, George Comer, George J. Dufek, George Nares, George W. De Long, George W. Rice (photographer), Georgy Baydukov, Georgy Brusilov, Georgy Sedov, Georgy Ushakov, Gerald Ketchum, Gerhard Friedrich Müller, Gino Watkins, Godske Lindenov, Helmer Hanssen, Henry Cookson, Henry Hudson, Henry Robertson Bowers, Hjalmar Johansen, Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen, Hubert Wilkins, Isaac Israel Hayes, Ivan Lyakhov, Ivan Papanin, Jackie Ronne, Jacques Cartier, James Clark Ross, James Cook, James Weddell, Jameson Adams, Janice Meek, Jason De Carteret, Jim McNeill, Johan Alfred Björling, Johann Georg Gmelin, John Franklin, John Hornby, John Rae (explorer), John Richardson (naturalist), John Ross (Royal Navy officer), John Rymill, Jon Bowermaster, Josée Auclair, Jules Dumont d'Urville, Karl Ernst von Baer, Khariton Laptev, Knud Rasmussen, Konstantin Badygin, Lauge Koch, Lawrence Wager, Lewis Pugh, Lincoln Ellsworth, List of female explorers and travelers, List of Russian explorers, Louise Arner Boyd, Maria Klenova, Maria Pronchishcheva, Martin Frobisher, Matthew Henson, Matvei Gedenschtrom, Merkury Vagin, Michael Barne, Mikhail Babushkin, Mikhail Somov, Mikhail Stadukhin, Nathaniel Palmer, Nikifor Begichev, Nikolai Kolomeitsev, Nikolay Urvantsev, Olav Bjaaland, Oscar Wisting, Otto Kalvitsa, Otto Schmidt, Otto Sverdrup, Paul Landry, Paul Siple, Paul Walker (Arctic explorer), Pavel Senko, Pen Hadow, Percy Lemon, Peter Freuchen, Philip Brocklehurst, Pierre-Esprit Radisson, Polar regions of Earth, Pyotr Anjou, Pyotr Pakhtusov, Pyotr Shirshov, Quintin Riley, Ralph Plaisted, Ranulph Fiennes, Richard E. Byrd, Richard Profit, Richard Weber (explorer), Roald Amundsen, Robert Bartlett (explorer), Robert Falcon Scott, Robert Peary, Robert Swan, Rudolf Samoylovich, Rune Malterud, Salomon August Andrée, Samuel Hearne, Sebastian Copeland, Semyon Chelyuskin, Shirase Nobu, Sir Martin Lindsay, 1st Baronet, Stepan Malygin, Stian Aker, Sverre Hassel, Sydney Kirkby (explorer), Tobias Furneaux, Todd Carmichael, Tom Crean (explorer), Umberto Cagni, Umberto Nobile, Valerian Albanov, Valery Chkalov, Vasili Pronchishchev, Vasily Chichagov, Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Vivian Fuchs, Vladimir Rusanov, Vladimir Wiese, Wally Herbert, Walter Wellman, Will Steger, Willem Barentsz, William Parry (explorer), William Scoresby, William Speirs Bruce, Yakov Gakkel, Yakov Permyakov, Yakov Sannikov, Yevgeny Tolstikov. Expand index (153 more) » « Shrink index
Baron Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (18 November 1832, Helsinki, Finland12 August 1901, Dalbyö in Södermanland, Sweden) was a Finnish baron, geologist, mineralogist and Arctic explorer.
Adolphus Washington Greely (March 27, 1844 – October 20, 1935), was an American Polar explorer, a United States Army officer and a recipient of the Medal of Honor.
Adrian Hayes is a British record-breaking polar explorer and adventurer, best known for reaching the three extreme points of the Earth—the Three Poles Challenge—which involved walking all the way to the North Pole, South Pole and summiting Mt. Everest, all in the shortest period of time (1 year, 217 days - his first Guinness World record).
Baron Adrien Victor Joseph de Gerlache de Gomery (2 August 1866 – 4 December 1934) was an officer in the Belgian Royal Navy who led the Belgian Antarctic Expedition of 1897–99.
Admiral Sir Albert Hastings Markham, KCB (11 November 1841 – 28 October 1918) was a British-French explorer, author, and officer in the Royal Navy.
Albert Paddock Crary (July 25, 1911 – October 29, 1987), was a pioneer polar geophysicist and glaciologist.
Alexander Piers William Hibbert (born 19 April 1986) is a British polar expedition leader, public speaker, author and photographer.
Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak CB (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War.
Alexander Stepanovich Kuchin (Александр Степанович Кучин) (1888 in Onega – 1913? in an unknown place in the Kara Sea) was a young Russian oceanographer and Arctic explorer.
Sir Alexander Mackenzie (or MacKenzie, Alasdair MacCoinnich; 1764 – 12 March 1820) was a Scottish explorer known for accomplishing the first east to west crossing of North America north of Mexico, which preceded the more famous Lewis and Clark Expedition by 12 years.
Alexander Theodor von Middendorff (Александр Федорович Миддендорф) (18 August 1815 – 24 January 1894) was a Russian zoologist and explorer.
Alexey Fyodorovich Tryoshnikov (Алексе́й Фёдорович Трёшников) (14 April 1914 in the village of Pavlovka, now in Baryshsky District, Ulyanovsk Oblast – 18 November 1991 at Saint Petersburg) was a Soviet polar explorer and leader of the 2nd Soviet Antarctic Expedition and the 13th Soviet Antarctic Expedition.
Dr Alfred Gabriel Nathorst HFRSE FLS FGS (November 7, 1850 in Väderbrunn outside Nyköping – January 20, 1921 in Stockholm) was a Swedish Arctic explorer, geologist and palaeobotanist.
Alfred Ritscher (23 May 1879 in Bad Lauterberg – 30 March 1963 in Hamburg) was a German polar explorer.
Alistair Mackay was a Scottish doctor and polar explorer.
Andreas Peter Hovgaard (1 November 1853 – 15 March 1910) was a Danish naval officer and Arctic explorer.
Andrew Regan (born 14 December 1965, in Manchester, England) is a British-born polar explorer and entrepreneur.
Ann Bancroft (born September 29, 1955) is an American author, teacher, adventurer, and public speaker.
Antony Jinman (born 8 April 1981) is a British polar adventurer.
Apsley George Benet Cherry-Garrard (2 January 1886 – 18 May 1959) was an English explorer of Antarctica.
Augustine Courtauld (26 August 1904 – 3 March 1959), often called August Courtauld, was a yachtsman and British Arctic explorer, best known for serving as the solo meteorologist of a winter observation post, Icecap Station, located in the interior of Greenland in 1930–1931.
Avgust Karlovich Tsivolko, also spelled as Tsivolka (August Cywolka, Август Карлович Циволько) (1810 – March 28 (O.S. March 16), 1839) was a Russian navigator and Arctic explorer.
Børge Ousland FRSGS (born 31 May 1962) is a Norwegian polar explorer, photographer and writer.
Benjamin "Ben" John Saunders (born 5 August 1977 in Plymouth) is an English polar explorer, endurance athlete, and motivational speaker.
Bernhard Adolph Hantzsch (12 January 1875 – June 1911) was a German ornithologist, Arctic researcher, and writer, notable for his discovery of two Icelandic bird subspecies.
Boris Andreyevich Vilkitsky (Борис Андреевич Вилькицкий) (22 March (3 April N.S.) 1885 – 6 March 1961) was a Russian hydrographer and surveyor.
Carl Frederik Wandel (15 August 1843 – 21 April 1930) was a Danish naval officer and polar explorer.
Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevink (1 December 1864 – 21 April 1934) was an Anglo-Norwegian polar explorer and a pioneer of modern Antarctic travel.
Cecil Thomas Madigan (15 October 1889 – 14 January 1947) was an Australian explorer and geologist, academic, aerial surveyor, meteorologist, author and officer of the British army.
Charles Francis Hall (1821 – November 8, 1871) was an American Arctic explorer.
Charlie Paton (born 1970), former Royal Marine and personal trainer, is the first Scotsman to walk unsupported to the Geographic North Pole from Canada.
Christian Leden (born Christian Refsaas; 17 July 1882 – 19 November 1957) was a Norwegian ethno-musicologist and composer.
Daniel Alan Byles FRGS (born 24 June 1974) is an English mountaineer, sailor, ocean rower, polar adventurer and Conservative Party politician.
Dmitry Yakovlevich Laptev (Дмитрий Яковлевич Лаптев) (1701 -) was a Russian Arctic explorer and Vice Admiral (1762).
Dmitry Leontiyevich Ovtsyn (unknown - after 1757) was a Russian hydrographer and Arctic explorer.
Donal Thomas Manahan (b. 15 Oct 1953) is an Irish-born American marine scientist and comparative physiologist.
Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS FAA (5 May 1882 – 14 October 1958) was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer, and academic.
Petty Officer Edgar Evans (7 March 1876 – 17 February 1912) was a member of the "Polar Party" in Robert Falcon Scott's ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition to the South Pole in 1911–1912.
Sir Tannatt William Edgeworth David (28 January 1858 – 28 August 1934), professionally known as Edgeworth David, was a Welsh Australian geologist and Antarctic explorer.
Sir Edmund Percival Hillary OSN (20 July 1919 – 11 January 2008) was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist.
Eduard Gustav von Toll was a Russian geologist and Arctic explorer.
Edward Bransfield (c. 1785 – 31 October 1852) was an Irish sailor who rose to become an officer in the British Royal Navy, serving as a master on several ships, after being impressed into service at the age of 18 in Ireland.
Admiral Edward Ratcliffe Garth Russell Evans, 1st Baron Mountevans (28 October 1880H. G. Thursfield, ‘Evans, Edward Ratcliffe Garth Russell, first Baron Mountevans (1880–1957)’, rev. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011. – 20 August 1957), known as "Teddy" Evans, was a British naval officer and Antarctic explorer.
Edward Israel (July 1, 1859 – May 27, 1884) was an astronomer and Polar explorer.
Edward W Nelson (1883–1923) was an invertebrate zoologist and polar explorer.
Surgeon Captain Edward W. Bingham, "Ted Bingham", was a British polar explorer who had the rare third clasp added to his Polar Medal.
Edwin Jesse De Haven (May 7, 1816 – May 1, 1865) was a United States Navy officer and explorer of the first half of the 19th century.
Ejnar Mikkelsen (1880–1971), was a Danish polar explorer and author.
Elisha Kent Kane (February 28, 1820 – February 16, 1857) was an American explorer, and a medical officer in the United States Navy during the first half of the 19th century.
Emil Racoviță (also spelled Racovitza; 15 November 1868 – 17 November 1947) was a Romanian biologist, zoologist, speleologist, explorer of Antarctica and the first biologist in the world to study the arctic life.
Lieutenant Colonel Eric Stewart Marshall (29 May, 1879 - 26 February, 1963) was a British Antarctic explorer with the Nimrod Expedition led by Ernest Shackleton in 1907–09, and was one of the party of four men (Marshall, Shackleton, Jameson Adams and Frank Wild) who reached Furthest South at on 9 January 1909.
Eric Philips (born April 1962) is an Australian polar explorer, adventurer and polar guide.
Erling Kagge (born January 15, 1963) is a Norwegian explorer, lawyer, art collector, entrepreneur, politician, Rolex model, author and publisher.
Ernest de Koven Leffingwell (January 13, 1875January 27, 1971) was an arctic explorer, geologist and Spanish–American War veteran.
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources.
Fabian Gottlieb Thaddeus von Bellingshausen (–; Фаддей Фаддеевич Беллинсгаузен, Faddey Faddeyevich Bellinsgauzen), a Russian officer of Baltic German descent in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, ultimately rose to the rank of Admiral.
Fedot Alekseyevich Popov (Федот Алексеевич Попов, also Fedot Alekseyev, Федот Алексеев; nickname Kholmogorian, Холмогорец, for his place of birth (Kholmogory), date of birth unknown, died between 1648 and 1654) was a Russian explorer who organized the first European expedition through the Bering Strait.
Baron Ferdinand Friedrich Georg Ludwig von Wrangel (Фердина́нд Петро́вич Вра́нгель, Ferdinand Petrovich Wrangel; –) was a Russian explorer and seaman of Baltic German ancestry, Honorable Member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, a founder of the Russian Geographic Society.
Finn Ronne (20 December 1899 – 12 January 1980) was a Norwegian-born U.S. citizen and Antarctic explorer.
Captain Francis Rawdon Moira Crozier FRS FRAS (16 August 1796 – disappeared, 26 April 1848) was an Anglo-Irish officer of the Royal Navy, polar explorer, and researcher.
Admiral Sir Francis Leopold McClintock or Francis Leopold M'Clintock KCB, FRS (8 July 1819 – 17 November 1907) was an Irish explorer in the British Royal Navy who is known for his discoveries in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Commander John Robert Francis Wild, (10 April 1873 – 19 August 1939), known as Frank Wild, was an explorer.
Frank Arthur Worsley (22 February 1872 – 1 February 1943) was a New Zealand sailor and explorer who served on Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914–1916, as captain of the Endurance.
Frederick Albert Cook (June 10, 1865August 5, 1940) was an American explorer, physician, and ethnographer, noted for his claim of having reached the North Pole on April 21, 1908. This was nearly a year before April 6, 1909, the date claimed by the American explorer Robert Peary, and the accounts were disputed for several years. His expedition did discover Meighen Island, the only discovery of an island in the American Arctic by a United States expedition. After reviewing Cook's limited records, a commission of the University of Copenhagen ruled in December 1909 that he had not proven that he reached the pole. In 1911 Cook published a memoir of his expedition, continuing to assert their success. His 1906 account of having reached the summit of Denali has also been discredited.
Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
Count Fyodor Petrovich Litke (Граф Фёдор Петро́вич Ли́тке, born Friedrich Benjamin Lütke; –) was a Russian navigator, geographer, and Arctic explorer.
Fyodor Andreyevich Matisen (Фёдор Андреевич Матисен) (June 1 (O.S. May 20), 1872, Saint Petersburg – December 19, 1921, Irkutsk) was an officer of the Russian Imperial Navy, hydrographer, and explorer.
Fyodor Fyodorovich Matyushkin (Матюшкин, Федор Федорович in Russian) (7.10(21).1799 — 9.16(28).1872) was a Russian navigator, Admiral (1867), and a close friend of Aleksandr Pushkin.
Fyodor Alekseyevich Minin (ca. 1709 - after 1742) was a Russian Arctic explorer.
Captain George Comer (April 1858 – 1937) was considered the most famous American whaling captain of Hudson Bay, and the world's foremost authority on Hudson Bay Inuit in the early 20th century.
George John Dufek (10 February 1903, Rockford, Illinois – 10 February 1977, Bethesda, Maryland) was an American naval officer, naval aviator, and polar expert.
Vice-Admiral Sir George Strong Nares KCB FRS (24 April 1831 – 15 January 1915) was a British naval officer and Arctic explorer.
George Washington De Long (August 22, 1844 – October 31, 1881) was a United States Navy officer and explorer.
George Walter Rice (29 June 1855 – 9 April 1884) was a Canadian-born photographer who was first to photograph the Arctic region on the ill-fated American led Lady Franklin Bay Expedition of 1881 to 1884.
Georgy Filippovich Baydukov (Гео́ргий Фили́ппович Байдуко́в; – December 28, 1994) was a Soviet aircraft test pilot, a Hero of the Soviet Union (1936) and a writer.
Georgy Lvovich Brusilov (Гео́ргий Льво́вич Бруси́лов) or Hryhoriy Brusylov (May 19, 1884 in Nikolayev, Russian Empire (now Mykolaiv, Ukraine) – 1914?) was a Russian naval officer of the Imperial Russian Navy and an Arctic explorer.
Georgy Yakovlevich Sedov (–) was a Russian Arctic explorer.
Georgy Alexeyevich Ushakov (Георгий Алексеевич Ушаков) (17 (30) January 1901 – 3 December 1963) was a Soviet explorer of the Arctic.
Rear Admiral Gerald L. Ketchum (5 December 1908 – 22 August 1992) was a career officer in the United States Navy.
Gerhard Friedrich Müller (Russian: Фёдор Ива́нович Ми́ллер, Fyodor Ivanovich Miller, 29 October 1705 – 22 October 1783) was a historian and pioneer ethnologist.
Henry George "Gino" Watkins FRGS (29 January 1907 – c. 20 August 1932) was a British Arctic explorer and nephew of Bolton Eyres-Monsell, 1st Viscount Monsell.
Godske Christoffersen Lindenov or Lindenow (d. 1612 Copenhagen) was a Danish naval officer and Arctic explorer.
Helmer Julius Hanssen (24 September 1870 – 2 August 1956) was a Norwegian sailor, pilot and polar explorer.
Henry John R Cookson, FRGS (born 16 September 1975) is a British polar explorer and adventurer.
Henry Hudson (1565–1611) was an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.
Lieutenant Henry Robertson "Birdie" Bowers (29 July 1883 – 29 March 1912) was one of Robert Falcon Scott's polar party on the ill-fated Terra Nova expedition (1910–1913), all of whom died during their return from the South Pole.
Fredrik Hjalmar Johansen (15 May 1867 – 3 January 1913) was a Norwegian polar explorer.
Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen (7 June 1890 – 3 June 1965) was a Norwegian aviation pioneer, military officer, polar explorer and businessman.
Sir George Hubert Wilkins MC & Bar (31 October 188830 November 1958) was an Australian polar explorer, ornithologist, pilot, soldier, geographer and photographer.
Isaac Israel Hayes (March 5, 1832 – December 17, 1881) was an Arctic explorer, physician and politician.
Ivan Lyakhov (Иван Ляхов), died around 1800, was a Russian merchant who explored large sections of the New Siberian Islands in the 18th century.
Ivan Dmitrievich Papanin (Иван Дмитриевич Папанин, – January 30, 1986) was a Soviet polar explorer, scientist, Counter Admiral, and twice Hero of the Soviet Union, who was awarded nine Orders of Lenin.
Edith "Jackie" Ronne (October 13, 1919 – June 14, 2009) was an American explorer of Antarctica and the first woman in the world to be a working member of an Antarctic expedition (1947-8).
Jacques Cartier (Jakez Karter; December 31, 1491September 1, 1557) was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France.
Sir James Clark Ross (15 April 1800 – 3 April 1862) was a British naval officer and explorer remembered today for his exploration of the Arctic with his uncle Sir John Ross and Sir William Parry and, in particular, his own expedition to Antarctica.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.
James Weddell (24 August 1787 in Ostend – 9 September 1834) was a British sailor, navigator and seal hunter who in February 1823 sailed to latitude of 74°15′S (a record 7.69 degrees or 532 statute miles south of the Antarctic Circle) and into a region of the Southern Ocean that later became known as the Weddell Sea.
Captain Sir Jameson Boyd Adams (6 March 1880 – 30 April 1962) was a British Antarctic explorer and Royal Navy officer.
Janice (Jan) Meek (maiden name Janice Cooper, first married name Janice Byles) FRGS (British, born 1944) is a Guinness World Record holding adventurer, ocean rower, international motivational speaker and polar adventurer.
Jason De Carteret, born on the British island of Guernsey, is a polar explorer.
Jim McNeill is a British polar explorer, presenter and keynote speaker, with over 30 years of experience travelling in the polar regions.
Johan Alfred Björling (19 October 1871 – 1892/1893) was a Swedish botanist and Arctic explorer.
Johann Georg Gmelin (8 August 1709 – 20 May 1755) was a German naturalist, botanist and geographer.
Rear-Admiral Sir John Franklin KCH FRGS (16 April 1786 – 11 June 1847) was an English Royal Navy officer and explorer of the Arctic.
John Hornby (1880–1927) was an English explorer, best known for his expeditions in the Arctic region, notably in the "barren lands" in the Northwest Territories of Canada.
John Rae (Inuktitut  ᐊᒡᓘᑲ English: "long strider") (30 September 1813 – 22 July 1893) was a Scottish surgeon who explored parts of northern Canada, found the final portion of the Northwest Passage (Rae Strait, named after him) and reported the fate of Franklin's lost expedition.
Sir John Richardson FRS FRSE FLS FGS MWS LLD (5 November 1787 – 5 June 1865) was a Scottish naval surgeon, naturalist and arctic explorer.
Admiral Sir John Ross CB, RN (24 June 1777 – 30 August 1856) was a British naval officer and Arctic explorer.
John Riddoch Rymill (13 March 1905 – 7 September 1968) was an Australian polar explorer, who had the rare second clasp added to his Polar Medal.
Jon Bowermaster—(born in Normal, Illinois, on June 29, 1954) is a noted oceans expert, award-winning journalist, author, filmmaker, adventurer and six-time grantee of the National Geographic Expeditions Council.
Josée Auclair (born May 20, 1962 in Sherbrooke, Quebec) is a Canadian explorer.
Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville (23 May 1790 – 8 May 1842) was a French explorer, naval officer and rear admiral, who explored the south and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica.
Karl Ernst Ritter von Baer, Edler von Huthorn (Карл Эрнст фон Бэр; –) was an Estonian scientist and explorer.
Khariton Prokofievich Laptev (Харитон Прокофьевич Лаптев) (1700–1763) was a Russian naval officer and Arctic explorer.
Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen (7 June 1879 – 21 December 1933) was a Greenlandic/Danish polar explorer and anthropologist.
Captain Konstantin Sergeyevich Badygin (or Badigin, Константин Сергеевич Бадигин; 30 November 1910 – 15 March 1984) was a Soviet naval officer, explorer, author, and scientist.
Lauge Koch (5 July 1892 – 5 June 1964) was a Danish geologist and Arctic explorer.
Lawrence Rickard Wager, commonly known as Bill Wager, (5 February 1904 – 20 November 1965) was a British geologist, explorer and mountaineer, described as "one of the finest geological thinkers of his generation"Vincent and best remembered for his work on the Skaergaard intrusion in Greenland, and for his attempt on Mount Everest in 1933.
Lewis William Gordon Pugh, OIG, (born 5 December 1969) is a British-South African endurance swimmer and ocean advocate.
Lincoln Ellsworth (May 12, 1880 – May 26, 1951) was a polar explorer from the United States and a major benefactor of the American Museum of Natural History.
This is a list of women who explored or travelled the world in a pioneering way.
The history of exploration by citizens or subjects of the Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, the Russian Empire, the Tsardom of Russia and other Russian predecessor states forms a significant part of the history of Russia as well as the history of the world.
Louise Arner Boyd (September 16, 1887 – September 14, 1972) was an American explorer of Greenland and the Arctic, who wrote extensively of her explorations, and in 1955 became the first woman to fly over the North Pole privately chartering a DC-4 and crew that included aviation pioneer Thor Solberg.
Maria Vasilyevna Klenova (Мари́я Васи́льевна Клёнова) (12 August 1898 – 6 August 1976) was a Russian and Soviet marine geologist and one of the founders of Russian marine science and contributor to the first Soviet Antarctic atlas.
Maria Pronchishcheva (Мария Прончищева, also known as Tatiana Pronchishcheva, 1710 - 23 September 1736) was a Russian explorer.
Sir Martin Frobisher (c. 1535 – 22 November 1594) was an English seaman and privateer who made three voyages to the New World looking for the North-west Passage.
Matthew Alexander Henson (August 8, 1866March 9, 1955) was the first African-American Arctic explorer, an associate of Robert Peary on seven voyages over a period of nearly 23 years. They made six voyages and spent a total of 18 years in expeditions., Globe Pequot, 2009, pp. 3–6 Henson served as a navigator and craftsman, traded with Inuit and learned their language, and was known as Peary's "first man" for these arduous travels. During their 1909 expedition to Greenland, Henson accompanied Peary in the small party, including four Inuit men, that has been recognized as the first to reach the Geographic North Pole (although this has also been subject to dispute). Henson was invited in 1937 as a member of The Explorers Club due to his achievement and was the first African American to be accepted. In 1948 he was made an honorary member, a distinction for 20 people annually. Based on research into Peary's diary and astronomical observations, Wally Herbert, a later Arctic explorer who reached the North Pole in 1969, concluded in 1989 that Peary's team had not reached the pole. This has been widely accepted, but some dispute this conclusion. Henson published his memoir, A Negro Explorer at the North Pole (1912), which included a foreword and praise by Peary. Since the late 20th century, Henson's contributions have received more recognition. By presidential order, in 1988, the remains of Henson and his wife were re-interred with a monument at Arlington National Cemetery, near that for Peary and his wife. Henson has received numerous posthumous honors since then. In the late 20th century, Henson's and Peary's elderly sons by their Inuit "country wives" were tracked down, and their descendants invited to the United States to meet other family members, as well as to attend the 1988 ceremonies.
Matvei Matveyevich Gedenschtrom or in Swedish, since he has a Swedish name: Mattias Mattiasson Hedenström/von Hedenström (Матвей Матвеевич Геденштром) (circa 1780 – 20 September 1845) was a Russian explorer of Northern Siberia, writer, and public servant.
Merkury Vagin (Russian: Меркурий Вагин) (died 1712) was a Russian Arctic explorer.
Michael Barne (15 October 1877 – 31 May 1961) was an officer of the 1901-04 Discovery Expedition and was the last survivor of the expedition.
Mikhail Babushkin (Михаи́л Серге́евич Ба́бушкин; October 6, 1893 – May 18, 1938) was a Soviet polar aviator and a Hero of the Soviet Union (June 27, 1937).
Mikhail Mikhailovich Somov (Михаил Михайлович Сомов) (7 April 1908, in Moscow – 30 December 1973, in Leningrad) was a Soviet oceanologist, polar explorer, Doctor of Geographical Sciences (1954).
Mikhail Vasilyevich Stadukhin (Михаил Васильевич Стадухин) (died 1666) was a Russian explorer of far northeast Siberia, one of the first to reach the Kolyma, Anadyr, Penzhina and Gizhiga Rivers and the northern Sea of Okhotsk.
Nathaniel Brown Palmer (8 August 179921 June 1877) was an American seal hunter, explorer, sailing captain, and ship designer.
Nikifor Alekseevich Begichev (Bigichev) (Никифор Алексеевич Бегичев (Бигичев) (February 7 (N.S. February 19), 1874 – May 18, 1927) was a Russian seaman and polar explorer. He was twice awarded gold medals by the Russian Academy of Sciences Begichev was born in Tsariov, Astrakhan Governorate to a family of Volga River fishers. In 1895 he was called up to the service in the Russian Navy, and traveled three times as a sailor and a boatswain to the Antilles islands. He was a participant in Baron Eduard Toll's 1900–1903 "Russian Polar Expedition" as the bosun of ship Zarya. After the death of Baron Toll, Begichev took part in the research. During this voyage, he saved the life of his commander - lieutenant Aleksandr Kolchak, a future admiral. Walking by the sea ice, Kolchak fell in the split. When Begichev pulled him from the water, the lieutenant showed no signs of live. Begichev took off his dry clothes, and dressed Kolchak. Then to re-animate him, Begichev fired his pipe and put it in Kolchak's mouth. Kolchak opened his eyes. Later Begichev took part in the Russo-Japanese War. In 1922, at the request of the government of Norway, Begichev led an unsuccessful Soviet expedition to search for Peter Tessem and Paul Knutsen, lost crew members of the ship Maud from Roald Amundsen's 1918 expedition. Begichev was one of the researchers exploring the Taymyr Peninsula with Nikolay Urvantsev in 1923–1924. During his explorations he surveyed two islands, which have been called after him: Bolshoy Begichev Island and Maliy Begichev Island. Nikifor Begichev died during wintering at the mouth of the Pyasina River. In 1964, a monument to Begichev was erected in the settlement of Dikson.
Nikolai Nikolaevich Kolomeitsev, also spelt Kolomeytsev (Николай Николаевич Коломейцев) (16 July 1867 – 6 October 1944) was a naval officer of the Russian Empire and Arctic explorer.
Nikolay Nikolayevich Urvantsev (Николай Николаевич Урванцев; – 20 February 1985) was a Soviet geologist and explorer.
Olav Bjaaland (5 March 1873 – 8 June 1961) was a Norwegian ski champion and polar explorer.
Oscar Adolf Wisting (6 June 1871 – 5 December 1936) was a Norwegian Naval officer and polar explorer.
Otto Kalvitsa (Отто Артурович Кальвиц, 21 November 1888 – 7 March 1930) was a Finnish-born Soviet aviator and a polar explorer.
Otto Yulyevich Schmidt (Отто Юльевич Шмидт; – September 7, 1956) was a Soviet scientist, mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, statesman, academician, Hero of the USSR (27 June 1937), and member of the Communist Party.
Otto Neumann Knoph Sverdrup (31 October 1854, in Bindal, Helgeland – 26 November 1930) was a Norwegian sailor and Arctic explorer.
Paul Landry M.B. (born September 6, 1955) is a French-Canadian polar explorer, author, and adventurer who is the only paid man to ever reach three Geographical poles in a single year.
Paul Allman Siple (December 18, 1908 – November 25, 1968) was an American Antarctic explorer and geographer who took part in six Antarctic expeditions, including the two Byrd expeditions of 1928–1930 and 1933–1935, representing the Boy Scouts of America as an Eagle Scout.
Born in Shrewsbury, Walker moved to Wetherby aged 8 and later graduated from Charlotte Mason College, Ambleside in 1988 with an honours degree in Outdoor Education and Mathematics.
Pavel Kononovich Senko (Павел Кононович Сенько) (October 4, 1916 – 2000) was a Soviet polar explorer, scientist, and member and leader of numerous expeditions to Arctic Ocean and Antarctica under the auspices of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute and Soviet Antarctic Expedition.
Rupert Nigel Pendrill Hadow known as Pen Hadow (British, born 26 February 1962), is an Arctic Ocean explorer, advocate, adventurer and guide.
Captain Percy M. Lemon (1898 – 23 October 1932) was a signal officer and British polar explorer who was awarded the Polar Medal.
Lorenz Peter Elfred Freuchen (February 2, 1886 – September 2, 1957) was a Danish explorer, author, journalist and anthropologist.
Sir Philip Lee Brocklehurst, 2nd Baronet (7 March 1887 – 28 January 1975) is known particularly as a member of the Nimrod Expedition in Antarctica of 1907–1909, led by Ernest Shackleton.
Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636/1640–1710) was a French fur trader and explorer.
The polar regions, also called the frigid zones, of Earth are the regions of the planet that surround its geographical poles (the North and South Poles), lying within the polar circles.
Pyotr Fyodorovich Anjou (15 February 1796 – 12 October 1869), was an Arctic explorer and an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
Pyotr Kuzmich Pakhtusov (Петр Кузьмич Пахтусов) (1800 in Kronstadt – November 19, 1835 in Arkhangelsk) was a Russian surveyor and Arctic explorer.
Pyotr Petrovich Shirshov (Пётр Петрович Ширшов) (December 25 (O.S. December 12), 1905 in Ekaterinoslav (today Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine) - February 17, 1953 in Moscow) was a Russian Soviet oceanographer, hydrobiologist, polar explorer, statesman, academician (1939), the first minister of Ministry of Maritime Fleet of the USSR and Hero of the Soviet Union (1938).
Quintin Theodore Petroc Molesworth Riley (27 October 1905 – 25 December 1980) was a British Arctic explorer who was awarded the Polar Medal.
Ralph Plaisted (30 September 1927 – 8 September 2008) and his three companions, Walt Pederson, Gerry Pitzl and Jean-Luc Bombardier, are regarded by most polar authorities to be the first to succeed in a surface traverse across the ice to the North Pole on 19 April 1968, making the first confirmed surface conquest of the Pole.
Sir Ranulph Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 3rd Baronet, OBE (born 7 March 1944), commonly known as Ranulph "Ran" Fiennes, is a British explorer and holder of several endurance records.
Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr., (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) was an American naval officer and explorer.
Richard (Rich) Profit (born 1974) is an English mountaineer, sailor, a former British Army officer and polar adventurer.
Richard Weber, (born June 9, 1959, in Edmonton, Alberta) is a Canadian Arctic and polar adventurer.
Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (16 July 1872 – c. 18 June 1928) was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions.
Captain Robert "Bob" Abram Bartlett (August 15, 1875 – April 28, 1946) was a Newfoundland-American Arctic explorer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Captain Robert Falcon Scott, (6 June 1868 – 29 March 1912) was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition (1901–1904) and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition (1910–1913).
Rear Admiral Robert Edwin Peary Sr. (May 6, 1856 – February 20, 1920) was an American explorer and United States Navy officer who made several expeditions to the Arctic in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Robert Charles Swan, OBE, FRGS (born 28 July 1956) is the first person to walk to both Poles.
Rudolf (Ruvim) Lazarevich Samoylovich (Рудольф Лазаревич Самойлович) (13 September (O.S. 1 September), 1881, Azov – 4 March 1939, Saint Petersburg) was a Soviet polar explorer, professor (1928), and doctor of geographic sciences (1934).
Rune Malterud (born January 1, 1981) is a Norwegian polar explorer and physiotherapist.
Salomon August Andrée (18 October 1854, Gränna, Småland – October 1897, Kvitøya, Arctic Norway), during his lifetime most often known as S. A. Andrée, was a Swedish engineer, physicist, aeronaut and polar explorer who died while leading an attempt to reach the Geographic North Pole by hydrogen balloon.
Samuel Hearne (1745–1792) was an English explorer, fur-trader, author, and naturalist.
Sebastian Copeland (born 3 April 1964) is an award-winning photographer, polar explorer, author, lecturer, and environmental activist.
Semyon Ivanovich Chelyuskin (c. 1700 – 1764) was a Russian polar explorer and naval officer.
was a Japanese Army officer who led the Japanese Antarctic Expedition, 1910–12.
Lieutenant Colonel Sir Martin Alexander Lindsay, 1st Baronet, (22 August 1905 – 5 May 1981) was a British Army officer, polar explorer, politician and author.
Stepan Gavrilovich Malygin (died August 1, 1764) was a Russian Arctic explorer.
Stian Aker (born June 17, 1980) is a Norwegian polar explorer.
Sverre Helge Hassel (30 July 1876 – 6 June 1928) was a Norwegian polar explorer and one of the first five people to reach the South Pole.
Sydney Lorrimar Kirkby, (born 1933) is an Australian surveyor and Antarctic explorer.
Captain Tobias Furneaux (21 August 1735 – 18 September 1781) was an English navigator and Royal Navy officer, who accompanied James Cook on his second voyage of exploration.
Todd Carmichael is an American entrepreneur, adventure traveler, philanthropist, television personality, author, inventor, and producer.
Thomas Crean (25 February 1877 – 27 July 1938), was an Irish seaman and Antarctic explorer who was awarded the Albert Medal.
Umberto Cagni (24 February 1863 in Asti – 22 April 1932 in Genoa) was a polar explorer and an admiral in the Royal Italian Navy.
Umberto Nobile (21 January 1885 – 30 July 1978) was an Italian aviator, aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer.
Valerian Ivanovich Albanov (Валериа́н Ива́нович Альбанов) (1881 – 1919) was a Russian navigator, best known for being one of two survivors of the Brusilov Expedition of 1912, which killed 22.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov (p; February 2, 1904 – December 15, 1938) was a Soviet and Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union (1936).
Vasili Vasilyevich Pronchishchev (Василий Васильевич Прончищев) (1702–) was a Russian explorer.
Vasili Yakovlevich Chichagov (Василий Яковлевич Чичагов) (28 February 1726 – 4 April 1809) was an admiral in the Russian Navy and an explorer.
Vilhjalmur Stefansson (Vilhjálmur Stefánsson) (November 3, 1879 – August 26, 1962) was a Canadian Arctic explorer and ethnologist.
Sir Vivian Ernest Fuchs FRS (11 February 1908 – 11 November 1999) was an English explorer whose expeditionary team completed the first overland crossing of Antarctica in 1958.
Vladimir Alexandrovich Rusanov (Влади́мир Алекса́ндрович Руса́нов;, Oryol – ca. 1913) was an experienced Russian geologist who specialized in the Arctic.
Vladimir Yulyevich Vize (Владимир Юльевич Визе; 21 February 1886, Tsarskoe Selo – 19 February 1954, Leningrad), was a Russian scientist of German descent who devoted his life to the study of the Arctic ice pack.
Sir Walter William "Wally" Herbert (24 October 1934 – 12 June 2007) was a British polar explorer, writer and artist.
Walter E. Wellman (November 3, 1858 – January 31, 1934) was an American journalist, explorer, and aëronaut, born at Mentor, Ohio, and educated in the public schools.
Will Steger (born August 27, 1944 in Richfield, Minnesota) is a prominent spokesperson for the understanding and preservation of the Arctic and has led some of the most significant feats in the field of dogsled expeditions; such as the first confirmed dogsled journey to the North Pole (without re-supply) in 1986, the 1,600-mile south-north traverse of Greenland - the longest unsupported dogsled expedition in history at that time in 1988, the historic 3,471-mile International Trans-Antarctic Expedition - the first dogsled traverse of Antarctica (1989–90), and the International Arctic Project - the first and only dogsled traverse of the Arctic Ocean from Russia to Ellesmere Island in Canada during 1995.
Willem Barentsz (anglicized as William Barents or Barentz) (c. 1550 – 20 June 1597) was a Dutch navigator, cartographer, and Arctic explorer.
Rear-Admiral Sir William Edward Parry, (19 December 1790 – 8 or 9 July 1855) was an English rear-admiral and Arctic explorer.
Rev Dr William Scoresby FRS FRSE DD (5 October 1789 – 21 March 1857), was an English Arctic explorer, scientist and clergyman.
William Speirs Bruce (1 August 1867 – 28 October 1921) was a Scottish naturalist, polar scientist and oceanographer who organized and led the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition (SNAE, 1902–04) to the South Orkney Islands and the Weddell Sea.
Yakov Yakovlevich Gakkel (Яков Яковлевич Гаккель) (July 18, 1901, Saint Petersburg — December 30, 1965, Leningrad) was a Soviet oceanographer, doctor of geographical sciences (1950), professor, director of the geography department of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, son of scientist Yakov Modestovich Gakkel.
Yakov Permyakov (Russian: Пермяков, Яков) (died 1712) was a Russian seafarer, explorer, merchant, and Cossack.
Yakov Sannikov (1780, Ust-Yansk - no earlier than 1812) was a Russian merchant and explorer of the New Siberian Islands.
Yevgeny Ivanovich Tolstikov (Евгений Иванович Толстиков) (February 9, 1913 – December 3, 1987) was a Soviet polar explorer, awarded by the Hero of the Soviet Union title.