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List of surgeries by type

Index List of surgeries by type

This is a list of surgeries and surgical procedures by type (including ectomy, stomy, and otomy). [1]

148 relations: Adenectomy, Adenoidectomy, Adrenalectomy, Amygdalohippocampectomy, Anal sphincterotomy, Anterior temporal lobectomy, Appendectomy, Arteriotomy, Arthrotomy, Artificial rupture of membranes, Astragalectomy, Axotomy, Bilateral cingulotomy, Bone, Breast, Bursectomy, Cardiotomy, Castration, Cervicectomy, Cholecystectomy, Cholecystostomy, Circumcision, Clitoral hood reduction, Clitoridectomy, Coccygectomy, Colectomy, Colostomy, Cordotomy, Corpectomy, Craniotomy, Cricothyrotomy, Cystectomy, Dacryocystorhinostomy, Decompressive craniectomy, Discectomy, Embolectomy, Endarterectomy, Endocrine system, Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy, Episiotomy, Escharotomy, Esophagectomy, Facetectomy, Fasciotomy, Femoral head ostectomy, Foraminotomy, Frenectomy, Ganglionectomy, Gastrectomy, Gastroduodenostomy, ..., Gastroenterostomy, Gastrointestinal tract, Gastrostomy, Gingivectomy, Glossectomy, Heller myotomy, Hemicorporectomy, Hemipelvectomy, Hemispherectomy, Hepatectomy, Hepatoportoenterostomy, Human musculoskeletal system, Hymenotomy, Hypophysectomy, Hysterectomy, Hysterotomy, Ileostomy, Iridectomy, Jejunostomy, Joint, Kidney, Laminectomy, Laminotomy, Laparotomy, Laryngectomy, Lateral internal sphincterotomy, List of -ectomies, List of -otomies, List of surgical procedures, Lobectomy, Lobotomy, Lumpectomy, Lymph, Lymphadenectomy, Mastectomy, Mastoidectomy, Meatotomy, Myotomy, Myringotomy, Nephrectomy, Nephrostomy, Nephrotomy, Nervous system, Neurectomy, Oophorectomy, Orchiectomy, Ostectomy, Osteotomy, Pallidotomy, Pancreatectomy, Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Panniculus, Parathyroidectomy, Penectomy, Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, Pericardiectomy, Phlebotomy, Photorefractive keratectomy, Pinealectomy, Pneumonectomy, Proctocolectomy, Prostatectomy, Pyloromyotomy, Radial keratotomy, Respiratory system, Rhinectomy, Rhizotomy, Salpingectomy, Salpingoophorectomy, Sex organ, Sinusotomy, Splenectomy, Stapedectomy, Stoma (medicine), Suprapubic cystostomy, Surgery, Surgical airway management, Sympathectomy, Synovectomy, Tendon transfer, Tenotomy, Thalamotomy, Thoracotomy, Thymectomy, Thyroidectomy, Thyrotomy, Tonsillectomy, Trabeculectomy, Tracheotomy, Ureterostomy, Urostomy, Uterine myomectomy, Vaginectomy, Vagotomy, Vasectomy, Ventriculostomy, Vitrectomy, Vulvectomy. Expand index (98 more) »

Adenectomy

Adenectomy, from the Greek aden (gland), and ektomē (to remove), is a surgical removal of all or part of a gland.

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Adenoidectomy

Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoid for reasons which include impaired breathing through the nose, chronic infections, or recurrent earaches.

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Adrenalectomy

Adrenalectomy (sometimes written as ADX for the procedure or resulting state) is the surgical removal of one or both (bilateral adrenalectomy) adrenal glands.

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Amygdalohippocampectomy

Amygdalohippocampectomy is a surgical procedure for the treatment of epilepsy.

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Anal sphincterotomy

Anal sphincterotomy is a surgical procedure that involves treating mucosal fissures from the anal canal/sphincter.

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Anterior temporal lobectomy

Anterior temporal lobectomy is the complete removal of the anterior portion of the temporal lobe of the brain.

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Appendectomy

An appendectomy (known outside the United States as appendisectomy or appendicectomy) is a surgical operation in which the vermiform appendix (a portion of the intestine) is removed.

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Arteriotomy

Arteriotomy (or arterotomy) is a medical term for an opening or cut of an artery wall.

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Arthrotomy

An arthrotomy is the creation of an opening in a joint that may be used in drainage.

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Artificial rupture of membranes

Artificial rupture of membranes (AROM), also known as an amniotomy, may be performed by a midwife or obstetrician to induce or accelerate labor.

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Astragalectomy

Astragalectomy, sometimes called a talectomy, is a surgical operation for removal of the talus bone (astragalus) for stabilization of the ankle.

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Axotomy

An axotomy is the cutting or otherwise severing of an axon.

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Bilateral cingulotomy

Bilateral cingulotomy is a form of psychosurgery, introduced in 1948 as an alternative to lobotomy.

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Bone

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

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Breast

The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.

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Bursectomy

A bursectomy is the removal of a bursa, which is a small sac filled with synovial fluid that cushions adjacent bone structures and reduces friction in joint movement.

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Cardiotomy

A cardiotomy is a surgical procedure where an incision is made in the heart.

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Castration

Castration (also known as gonadectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles.

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Cervicectomy

In gynecologic oncology, trachelectomy, also cervicectomy, is a surgical removal of the uterine cervix.

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Cholecystectomy

Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder.

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Cholecystostomy

A cholecystostomy or cholecystotomy is a procedure where a stoma is created in the gallbladder, which can facilitate placement of a tube for drainage, first performed by American surgeon, Dr.

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Circumcision

Male circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis.

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Clitoral hood reduction

Clitoral hood reduction, also termed clitoral hoodectomy, clitoral unhooding, clitoridotomy,or (partial) hoodectomy, is a plastic surgery procedure for reducing the size and the area of the clitoral hood (prepuce) in order to further expose the clitoral glans of the clitoris.

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Clitoridectomy

Clitoridectomy or clitorectomy is the surgical removal, reduction, or partial removal of the clitoris.

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Coccygectomy

Coccygectomy is a surgical procedure in which the coccyx or tailbone is removed.

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Colectomy

Colectomy (col- + -ectomy) is bowel resection of the large bowel (colon).

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Colostomy

A colostomy is a surgical procedure in which an opening (stoma) is formed by drawing the healthy end of the large intestine or colon through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and suturing it into place.

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Cordotomy

Cordotomy (or chordotomy) is a surgical procedure that disables selected pain-conducting tracts in the spinal cord, in order to achieve loss of pain and temperature perception.

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Corpectomy

A corpectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing all or part of the vertebral body (Latin: corpus vertebrae, hence the name corpectomy), usually as a way to decompress the spinal cord and nerves.

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Craniotomy

A craniotomy is a surgical operation in which a bone flap is temporarily removed from the skull to access the brain.

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Cricothyrotomy

A cricothyrotomy (also called cric, thyrocricotomy, cricothyroidotomy, inferior laryngotomy, intercricothyrotomy, coniotomy or emergency airway puncture) is an incision made through the skin and cricothyroid membrane to establish a patent airway during certain life-threatening situations, such as airway obstruction by a foreign body, angioedema, or massive facial trauma.

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Cystectomy

Cystectomy is a medical term for surgical removal of all or part of the urinary bladder.

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Dacryocystorhinostomy

Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a surgical procedure to restore the flow of tears into the nose from the lacrimal sac when the nasolacrimal duct does not function.

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Decompressive craniectomy

Decompressive craniectomy (crani- + -ectomy) is a neurosurgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed to allow a swelling brain room to expand without being squeezed.

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Discectomy

A discectomy (also called open discectomy, if done through a 1/2 inch or larger skin opening) is the surgical removal of abnormal disc material that presses on a nerve root or the spinal cord.

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Embolectomy

Embolectomy is the emergency surgical removal of emboli which are blocking blood circulation.

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Endarterectomy

Endarterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the atheromatous ''plaque'' material, or blockage, in the lining of an artery constricted by the buildup of deposits.

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Endocrine system

The endocrine system is a chemical messenger system consisting of hormones, the group of glands of an organism that carry those hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs, and the feedback loops of homeostasis that the hormones drive.

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Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy

Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is a surgical procedure in which a portion of the sympathetic nerve trunk in the thoracic region is destroyed.

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Episiotomy

Episiotomy, also known as perineotomy, is a surgical incision of the perineum and the posterior vaginal wall generally done by a midwife or obstetrician.

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Escharotomy

An escharotomy is a surgical procedure used to treat full-thickness (third-degree) circumferential burns.

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Esophagectomy

Esophagectomy (US English) or oesophagectomy (British English) is the surgical removal of all or part of the esophagus.

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Facetectomy

Facetectomy is a surgical procedure which involves decompression of a spinal nerve root.

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Fasciotomy

Fasciotomy or fasciectomy is a surgical procedure where the fascia is cut to relieve tension or pressure commonly to treat the resulting loss of circulation to an area of tissue or muscle.

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Femoral head ostectomy

A femoral head ostectomy (FHO) is a surgical procedure that removes the head and neck from the femur.

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Foraminotomy

Foraminotomy is a medical operation used to relieve pressure on nerves that are being compressed by the intervertebral foramina, the passages through the bones of the vertebrae of the spine that pass nerve bundles to the body from the spinal cord.

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Frenectomy

A frenectomy (also known as a frenulectomy or frenotomy) is the removal of a frenulum, a small fold of tissue that prevents an organ in the body from moving too far.

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Ganglionectomy

A ganglionectomy, also called a gangliectomy, is the surgical removal of a ganglion.

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Gastrectomy

A gastrectomy is a partial or total surgical removal of the stomach.

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Gastroduodenostomy

Gastroduodenostomy is a surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum.

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Gastroenterostomy

A gastroenterostomy is the surgical creation of a connection between the stomach and the jejunum.

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Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

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Gastrostomy

Gastrostomy is the creation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastric decompression.

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Gingivectomy

Gingivectomy is a dental procedure in which a dentist or oral surgeon cuts away part of the gums in the mouth (the gingiva).

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Glossectomy

A glossectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the tongue.

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Heller myotomy

Heller myotomy is a surgical procedure in which the muscles of the cardia (lower oesophageal sphincter or LOS) are cut, allowing food and liquids to pass to the stomach.

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Hemicorporectomy

Hemicorporectomy is a radical surgery in which the body below the waist is amputated, transecting the lumbar spine.

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Hemipelvectomy

A hemipelvectomy is a high level pelvic amputation.

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Hemispherectomy

Hemispherectomy is a very rare neurosurgical procedure in which a cerebral hemisphere (half of the brain) is removed, disconnected, or disabled.

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Hepatectomy

Hepatectomy is the surgical resection (removal of all or part) of the liver.

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Hepatoportoenterostomy

A hepatoportoenterostomy or Kasai portoenterostomy is a surgical treatment performed on infants with Type IVb choledochal cyst and biliary atresia to allow for bile drainage.

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Human musculoskeletal system

The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.

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Hymenotomy

A hymenotomy is a medical procedure involving the surgical removal or opening of the hymen.

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Hypophysectomy

Hypophysectomy is the surgical removal of the hypophysis (pituitary gland).

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Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus.

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Hysterotomy

A hysterotomy is an incision in the uterus, and is performed during a caesarean section.

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Ileostomy

Ileostomy is a stoma (surgical opening) constructed by bringing the end or loop of small intestine (the ileum) out onto the surface of the skin, or the surgical procedure which creates this opening.

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Iridectomy

An iridectomy, also known as a surgical iridectomy or corectomy, is the surgical removal of part of the iris.

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Jejunostomy

Jejunostomy is the surgical creation of an opening (stoma) through the skin at the front of the abdomen and the wall of the jejunum (part of the small intestine).

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Joint

A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

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Kidney

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.

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Laminectomy

A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina.

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Laminotomy

A laminotomy is an orthopaedic neurosurgical procedure that removes part of the lamina of a vertebral arch in order to relieve pressure in the vertebral canal.

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Laparotomy

A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity.

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Laryngectomy

Laryngectomy is the removal of the larynx and separation of the airway from the mouth, nose and esophagus.

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Lateral internal sphincterotomy

Lateral internal sphincterotomy is an operation performed on the internal anal sphincter muscle for the treatment of chronic anal fissure.

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List of -ectomies

The surgical terminology suffix "-ectomy" was taken from Greek εκ-τομια.

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List of -otomies

The suffix '-otomy' is derived from the Greek suffix τόμος, -tómos, "meaning cutting, sharp, or separate".

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List of surgical procedures

The names of many surgical procedure names can be broken into parts to indicate the meaning.

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Lobectomy

Lobectomy means surgical excision of a lobe.

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Lobotomy

Lobotomy, also known as leucotomy, is a neurosurgical and form of psychosurgery. Operation that involves severing connections in the brain's prefrontal lobe.

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Lumpectomy

Lumpectomy (sometimes known as a tylectomy) is a surgical removal of a discrete portion or "lump" of breast, usually in the treatment of malignant tumor or breast cancer.

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Lymph

Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system.

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Lymphadenectomy

Lymphadenectomy or lymph node dissection is the surgical removal of one or more groups of lymph nodes.

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Mastectomy

Mastectomy (from Greek μαστός "breast" and ἐκτομή ektomia "cutting out") is the medical term for the surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely.

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Mastoidectomy

A mastoidectomy is a procedure performed to remove the mastoid air cells.

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Meatotomy

A meatotomy is a form of penile modification in which the underside of the glans is split.

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Myotomy

Myotomy describes a surgical procedure in which muscle is cut.

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Myringotomy

A myringotomy, sometimes called by other names, is a surgical procedure in which a tiny incision is created in the eardrum (tympanic membrane) to relieve pressure caused by excessive buildup of fluid, or to drain pus from the middle ear.

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Nephrectomy

Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney.

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Nephrostomy

A nephrostomy is an artificial opening created between the kidney and the skin which allows for the urinary diversion directly from the upper part of the urinary system (renal pelvis).

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Nephrotomy

Nephrotomy describes a surgical procedure in which an incision in the kidney is made.

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Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

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Neurectomy

A neurectomy is a type of nerve block involving the severing or removal of a nerve.

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Oophorectomy

Oophorectomy (from Greek ᾠοφόρος, ōophóros, 'egg-bearing' + ἐκτομή, ektomḗ, 'a cutting out of') is the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries.

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Orchiectomy

Orchiectomy (also named orchidectomy, and sometimes shortened as orchi) is a surgical procedure in which one or both testicles are removed.

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Ostectomy

An ostectomy is a procedure involving the removal of bone.

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Osteotomy

An osteotomy is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment.

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Pallidotomy

Pallidotomy is a neurosurgical procedure whereby a tiny electrical probe is placed in the globus pallidus (one of the basal nuclei of the brain), which is then heated to for 60 seconds, to destroy a small area of brain cells.

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Pancreatectomy

In medicine, a pancreatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas.

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Pancreaticoduodenectomy

A pancreaticoduodenectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy, Whipple procedure, or Kausch-Whipple procedure is a major surgical operation most often performed to remove cancerous tumours of the head of the pancreas.

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Panniculus

Panniculus, sometimes referred to incorrectly as FUPA (Fat Upper Pelvic Area) or pannus, is a medical term describing a dense layer of fatty tissue growth, consisting of subcutaneous fat in the lower abdominal area.

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Parathyroidectomy

Parathyroidectomy is the surgical removal of one or more parathyroid glands.

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Penectomy

Penectomy is penis removal through surgery, generally for medical or personal reasons.

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Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an endoscopic medical procedure in which a tube (PEG tube) is passed into a patient's stomach through the abdominal wall, most commonly to provide a means of feeding when oral intake is not adequate (for example, because of dysphagia or sedation).

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Pericardiectomy

Pericardiectomy is the surgical removal of part or most of the pericardium.

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Phlebotomy

Phlebotomy (from the Greek words phlebo-, meaning "pertaining to a blood vessel", and -tomia, meaning "cutting of") is the process of making an incision in a vein with a needle.

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Photorefractive keratectomy

Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser-assisted sub-epithelial keratectomy (or laser epithelial keratomileusis) (LASEK) are laser eye surgery procedures intended to correct a person's vision, reducing dependency on glasses or contact lenses.

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Pinealectomy

Pinealectomy is a surgical procedure in which the pineal gland is removed.

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Pneumonectomy

A pneumonectomy (or pneumectomy) is a surgical procedure to remove a lung.

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Proctocolectomy

Proctocolectomy is the surgical removal of the rectum and all or part of the colon.

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Prostatectomy

Prostatectomy (from the Greek prostates, "prostate", combined with the suffix -ektomē, "excision") as a medical term refers to the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland.

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Pyloromyotomy

A pyloromyotomy is a surgical procedure in which an incision is made in the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus.

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Radial keratotomy

Radial keratotomy (RK) is a refractive surgical procedure to correct myopia (nearsightedness) that was developed in 1974, by Svyatoslav Fyodorov, a Russian ophthalmologist.

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Respiratory system

The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for gas exchange in animals and plants.

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Rhinectomy

A Rhinectomy is the surgical removal of a nose.

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Rhizotomy

A Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR), also known as a Rhizotomy, Dorsal Rhizotomy, or a Selective Posterior Rhizotomy, is a neurosurgical procedure that selectively destroys problematic nerve roots in the spinal cord.

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Salpingectomy

Salpingectomy refers to the surgical removal of a Fallopian tube.

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Salpingoophorectomy

In medicine, salpingoophorectomy is the removal of an ovary and its fallopian tube.

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Sex organ

A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal's body that is involved in sexual reproduction.

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Sinusotomy

A sinusotomy is a surgical operation in which an incision is made in a sinus to prevent or reduce inflammation.

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Splenectomy

A splenectomy is a surgical procedure that partially or completely removes the spleen.

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Stapedectomy

A stapedectomy is a surgical procedure of the middle ear performed in order to improve hearing.

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Stoma (medicine)

In anatomy, a natural stoma is any opening in the body, such as the mouth.

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Suprapubic cystostomy

A suprapubic cystostomy or suprapubic catheter (also known as a vesicostomy or epicystostomy) is a surgically created connection between the urinary bladder and the skin used to drain urine from the bladder in individuals with obstruction of normal urinary flow.

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Surgery

Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

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Surgical airway management

Surgical airway management (bronchotomy or laryngotomy) is the medical procedure ensuring an open airway between a patient’s lungs and the outside world.

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Sympathectomy

A sympathectomy is an irreversible procedure during which at least one sympathetic ganglion is removed.

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Synovectomy

Synovectomy is a procedure where the synovial tissue surrounding a joint is removed.

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Tendon transfer

A tendon transfer is a surgical process in which the insertion of a tendon is moved, but the origin remains in the same location.

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Tenotomy

A tenotomy is a surgical act which involves the division of a tendon.

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Thalamotomy

Thalamotomy (lit; lit) is a surgical procedure in which an opening is made into the thalamus to improve the overall brain function in patients.

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Thoracotomy

A thoracotomy is an incision into the pleural space of the chest.

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Thymectomy

A thymectomy is an operation to remove the thymus.

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Thyroidectomy

A thyroidectomy is an operation that involves the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland.

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Thyrotomy

Thyrotomy (also called thyroidotomy, median laryngotomy, laryngofissure or thyrofissure) is an incision of the larynx through the thyroid cartilage.

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Tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which both palatine tonsils (hereafter called "tonsils") are removed from a recess in the side of the pharynx called the tonsillar fossa.

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Trabeculectomy

Trabeculectomy is a surgical procedure used in the treatment of glaucoma to relieve intraocular pressure by removing part of the eye's trabecular meshwork and adjacent structures.

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Tracheotomy

Tracheotomy, or tracheostomy, is a surgical procedure which consists of making an incision on the anterior aspect of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe).

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Ureterostomy

A ureterostomy is the creation of a stoma (a new, artificial outlet) for a ureter or kidney.

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Urostomy

A urostomy is a surgical procedure that creates a stoma (artificial opening) for the urinary system.

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Uterine myomectomy

Myomectomy, sometimes also fibroidectomy, refers to the surgical removal of uterine leiomyomas, also known as fibroids.

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Vaginectomy

Vaginectomy is a surgery to remove all or part of the vagina.

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Vagotomy

A vagotomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing part of the vagus nerve.

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Vasectomy

Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception.

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Ventriculostomy

Ventriculostomy is a neurosurgical procedure that involves creating a hole ("stomy") within a cerebral ventricle for drainage.

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Vitrectomy

Vitrectomy is surgery to remove some or all of the vitreous humor from the eye.

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Vulvectomy

Vulvectomy refers to a gynecological procedure in which the vulva is partly or completely removed.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surgeries_by_type

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