130 relations: A. Hoen & Co., Adalbert Seitz, Adolph Menzel, Afghanistan, Alexander Calder, Alfred Concanen, Alois Senefelder, Alphonse Mucha, Artwork (graphic arts), At Eternity's Gate, Édouard Manet, Calcium nitrate, Carl Nebel, Champagne Charlie (song), Chromolithography, Color printing, Computer to plate, David Hockney, Desktop publishing, DjVu, Durrani Empire, Edgar Degas, Edition (printmaking), Eleanor Coen, Electron-beam lithography, Emulsion, Engraving, Ernst Haeckel, Etching, Eugène Delacroix, Extreme ultraviolet lithography, Fernand Mourlot, Fine art, Flexography, Francisco Goya, George Bellows, Georges Braque, Georges de Feure, Godefroy Engelmann, Grant Wood, Gum arabic, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Fantin-Latour, Henri Matisse, History of graphic design, HMS Resolute, Honoré Daumier, Hydrophile, Hydrophobe, Imagesetter, ..., Ink, Intaglio (printmaking), Integrated circuit, Interference lithography, Ion source, Jasper Johns, Jean-Baptiste Debret, Jean-François Millet, Joan Miró, Jules Chéret, Kingdom of Bavaria, Kunstformen der Natur, Léger, Letterpress printing, Limestone, Lineography, Linseed oil, Lipid, List of German inventors and discoverers, List of monarchs of Brazil, Lithographic limestone, Lithography, Louis Philippe I, M. C. Escher, Magnetolithography, Marc Chagall, Maskless lithography, Mass production, Max Kahn, Mezzotint, Microelectromechanical systems, Micrometre, Miscibility, Mourlot Studios, Mulhouse, Nanoimprint lithography, Nanolithography, Nanometre, Odilon Redon, Offset ink, Offset printing, Paço de São Cristóvão, Pablo Picasso, Paper, Pavilion Books, Peninsular War, Photochrom, Photolithography, Photomask, Pigment, Polymer, Printer (publishing), Printing, Printing press, Printing registration, Printmaking, Private Libraries Association, Proton beam writing, Raoul Dufy, Resist, Robert Rauschenberg, Rodolphe Bresdin, Rotogravure, Scanning probe lithography, Screen printing, Semiconductor, Seriolithograph, Solution, Stencil lithography, Stereolithography, Susan Dorothea White, Théodore Géricault, Theodore Regensteiner, Tortilla, Turpentine, Typography, Vincent van Gogh, William Simpson (artist), Woodblock printing, X-ray lithography. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
Adalbert Seitz, full name Friedrich Joseph Adalbert Seitz, (24 February 1860 in Mainz – 5 March 1938 in Darmstadt) was a German entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera.
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (December 8, 1815February 9, 1905) was a German Realist artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Alexander Calder (July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) is widely considered to be one of the most important American sculptors of the 20th century.
Alfred Concanen (1835 – 10 December 1886) was, for over twenty-five years, one of the leading lithographers of the Victorian era, best remembered for his illustrated sheet music covers for songs made popular by famous music hall performers of the time.
Johann Alois Senefelder (6 November 177126 February 1834) was a German actor and playwright who invented the printing technique of lithography in the 1790s.
Alfons Maria Mucha (24 July 1860 – 14 July 1939), known as Alphonse Mucha, was a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, known best for his distinct style.
Artwork (also known as art layoutdrawing) is a type of drawing that serves a graphical representation of an image for its reproduction onto a substrate via various processes, such as silkscreen, label making and other printing methods.
Sorrowing Old Man (At Eternity's Gate) is an oil painting by Vincent van Gogh that he made in 1890 in Saint-Rémy de Provence based on an early lithograph.
Édouard Manet (23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter.
Calcium nitrate, also called Norgessalpeter (Norwegian saltpeter), is an inorganic compound with the formula Ca(NO3)2.
Carl Nebel (March 18, 1805 – June 4, 1855) was a German engineer, architect and draughtsman,Thieme-Becker, entry "Nebel, Carl" best known for his detailed paintings of the Mexican landscape and people during the battles of the Mexican–American War.
"Champagne Charlie" is a music hall song from the 19th century composed by Alfred Lee with lyrics by George Leybourne.
Chromolithography is a unique method for making multi-colour prints.
Color printing or colour printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color (as opposed to simpler black and white or monochrome printing).
Computer-to-plate (CTP) is an imaging technology used in modern printing processes.
David Hockney, (born 9 July 1937) is an English painter, draftsman, printmaker, stage designer and photographer.
Desktop publishing (abbreviated DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout skills on a personal computer primarily for print.
DjVu (like English "déjà vu") is a computer file format designed primarily to store scanned documents, especially those containing a combination of text, line drawings, indexed color images, and photographs.
The Durrani Empire (د درانیانو واکمني), also called the Afghan Empire (د افغانانو واکمني), was founded and built by Ahmad Shah Durrani.
Edgar Degas (or; born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas,; 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings.
In printmaking, an edition is a number of prints struck from one plate, usually at the same time.
Eleanor Coen (October 21, 1916 – July 9, 2010) was an American painter.
Electron-beam lithography (often abbreviated as e-beam lithography) is the practice of scanning a focused beam of electrons to draw custom shapes on a surface covered with an electron-sensitive film called a resist (exposing).
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it.
Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist, and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including anthropogeny, ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista. Haeckel promoted and popularised Charles Darwin's work in Germany and developed the influential but no longer widely held recapitulation theory ("ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny") claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarises its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny.
Etching is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal.
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
Extreme ultraviolet lithography (also known as EUV or EUVL) is a next-generation lithography technology using an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelength, currently expected to be 13.5 nm.
Fernand Mourlot (5 April 1895 – 4 December 1988), son of Jules Mourlot, was the director of Mourlot Studios and founder of Editions Mourlot.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Flexography (often abbreviated to flexo) is a form of printing process which utilizes a flexible relief plate.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.
George Wesley Bellows (August 12 or August 19, 1882 – January 8, 1925) was an American realist painter, known for his bold depictions of urban life in New York City, becoming, according to the Columbus Museum of Art, "the most acclaimed American artist of his generation".
Georges Braque (13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor.
Georges de Feure (real name Georges Joseph van Sluijters, 6 September 1868 – 26 November 1943) was a French painter, theatrical designer, and industrial art designer in the symbolism and Art Nouveau styles.
Godefroy Engelmann (August 17, 1788 – April 25, 1839) was a 19th-century Franco-German lithographer and chromolithographer.
Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942) was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century.
Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.
Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901), also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, caricaturist, and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a collection of enticing, elegant, and provocative images of the modern, sometimes decadent, affairs of those times.
Henri Fantin-Latour (14 January 1836 – 25 August 1904) was a French painter and lithographer best known for his flower paintings and group portraits of Parisian artists and writers.
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.
Graphics (from Greek γραφικός, graphikos) are visual statements committed to a surface, such as a wall, a canvas, pottery, a computer screen, paper, stone, even to the landscape itself.
Three ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Resolute.
Honoré-Victorin Daumier (February 26, 1808February 10, 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.
A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.
In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.
An imagesetter is an ultra-high resolution large-format computer output device, also called Computer to film or CtF.
Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design.
Intaglio is the family of printing and printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
Interference lithography (or holographic lithography) is a technique for patterning regular arrays of fine features, without the use of complex optical systems or photomasks.
An ion source is a device that creates atomic and molecular ions.
Jasper Johns (born May 15, 1930) is an American painter, sculptor and printmaker whose work is associated with abstract expressionism, Neo-Dada, and pop art.
Jean-Baptiste Debret (18 April 1768 – 28 June 1848) was a French painter, who produced many valuable lithographs depicting the people of Brazil.
Jean-François Millet (October 4, 1814 – January 20, 1875) was a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France.
Joan Miró i Ferrà (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona.
Jules Chéret (31 May 1836 – 23 September 1932) was a French painter and lithographer who became a master of Belle Époque poster art.
The Kingdom of Bavaria (Königreich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918.
Kunstformen der Natur (known in English as Art Forms in Nature) is a book of lithographic and halftone prints by German biologist Ernst Haeckel.
Léger or Leger is a surname, and may refer to.
Letterpress printing is a technique of relief printing using a printing press, a process by which many copies are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or a continuous roll of paper.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Lineography is the art of drawing without lifting the pen, pencil, or paintbrush that is being used.
Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil or flax oil, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum).
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
---- This is a list of German inventors and discoverers.
Brazil was ruled by a series of monarchs in the period 1815–1889; first as a kingdom united with Portugal in the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (1815–1822), subsequently as a sovereign and independent state, the Empire of Brazil (1822–1889).
Lithographic limestone is hard limestone that is sufficiently fine-grained, homogeneous and defect free to be used for lithography.
Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.
Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.
Maurits Cornelis Escher (17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972) was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically-inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints.
Magnetolithography (ML) is a method for pattern surfaces.
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.
In maskless lithography, the radiation that is used to expose a photosensitive emulsion (or photoresist) is not projected from, or transmitted through, a photomask.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
Max Kahn (1902–2005) was a Litvak lithographer, painter and sculptor born in Slonim, Belarus in 1902.
Mezzotint is a printmaking process of the intaglio family, technically a drypoint method.
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS, also written as micro-electro-mechanical, MicroElectroMechanical or microelectronic and microelectromechanical systems and the related micromechatronics) is the technology of microscopic devices, particularly those with moving parts.
The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".
Miscibility is the property of substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration), forming a homogeneous solution.
Mourlot Studios was a commercial print shop founded in 1852 by the Mourlot family and located in Paris, France.
Mulhouse (Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse,;; i.e. mill house) is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.
Nanoimprint lithography is a method of fabricating nanometer scale patterns.
Nanolithography is the branch of nanotechnology concerned with the study and application of fabricating nanometer-scale structures, meaning patterns with at least one lateral dimension between 1 and 1,000 nm.
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
Odilon Redon (born Bertrand-Jean Redon;; April 20, 1840July 6, 1916) was a French symbolist painter, printmaker, draughtsman and pastellist.
Offset ink is a specific type of ink used in conjunction with offset printing presses such as those used to produce letterpress or lithography prints.
Offset printing is a commonly used printing technique in which the inked image is transferred (or "offset") from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.
Paço de São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher's Palace; also known as Palácio Imperial or Palácio de São Cristóvão) is a palace located in the Quinta da Boa Vista park in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Pavilion Books Holdings Ltd is an English publishing company based in London.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
Photochrom (Fotochrom, Photochrome or the Aäc process) is a process for producing colorized images from black-and-white photographic negatives via the direct photographic transfer of a negative onto lithographic printing plates.
Photolithography, also termed optical lithography or UV lithography, is a process used in microfabrication to pattern parts of a thin film or the bulk of a substrate.
A photomask is an opaque plate with holes or transparencies that allow light to shine through in a defined pattern.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
In publishing, printers are both companies providing printing services and individuals who directly operate printing presses.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
In color printing, registration is the method of correlating overlapping colors on one single image.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
The Private Libraries Association (PLA) came into being in 1956 when 18-year-old Philip Ward wrote a letter to the Observer inviting booklovers and book collectors to attend a meeting to discuss the setting up of an association whose aims would be:-.
Proton beam writing (or p-beam writing) is a direct-write lithography process that uses a focused beam of high energy (MeV) protons to pattern resist material at nanodimensions.
Raoul Dufy (3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter, brother of Jean Dufy.
A resist, used in many areas of manufacturing and art, is something that is added to parts of an object to create a pattern by protecting these parts from being affected by a subsequent stage in the process.
Milton Ernest "Robert" Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the pop art movement.
Rodolphe Bresdin was a French draughtsman and engraver, born in Le Fresne-sur-Loire on 12 August 1822, who died in Sèvres on 11 January 1885.
Rotogravure (roto or gravure for short) is a type of intaglio printing process, which involves engraving the image onto an image carrier.
Scanning probe lithography (SPL) describes a set of nanolithographic methods to pattern material on the nanoscale using scanning probes. It is a direct-write, mask-less approach which bypasses the diffraction limit and can reach resolutions below 10 nm.
Screen printing is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
The term seriolithograph is used by Park West Gallery, a major publisher of graphic editions.
In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
Stencil lithography is a novel method of fabricating nanometer scale patterns using nanostencils, stencils (shadow mask) with nanometer size apertures.
Stereolithography (SLA or SL; also known as stereolithography apparatus, optical fabrication, photo-solidification, or resin printing) is a form of 3D printing technology used for creating models, prototypes, patterns, and production of parts in a layer by layer fashion using photopolymerization, a process by which light causes chains of molecules to link, forming polymers.
Susan Dorothea White (born 10 August 1941) is an Australian artist and author.
Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault (26 September 1791 – 26 January 1824) was an influential French painter and lithographer, known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings.
Theodore Regensteiner (born May 17, 1868 in Munich, Germany to Albert (Abraham) from Pflaumloch and his first wifeTheodore Regensteiner (1943) My First Seventy Five Years, page 16 Fannie, née Heymann.) He lost his mother age 3 and his stepmother became a determining factor in bringing about his emigration in 1884 (he was age 15) to the USA.
A tortilla) is a type of thin, unleavened flatbread, typically made from corn or wheat. In Spanish, "tortilla" means "small torta", or "small cake". It was first made by the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica prior to European contact. The Aztecs and other Nahuatl speakers call tortillas tlaxcalli.Nahuatl Dictionary. (1997). Wired Humanities Project. University of Oregon. Retrieved August 29, 2012, from.
Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
William Simpson (28 October 1823 – 17 August 1899) was a Scottish artist, war artist and war correspondent.
Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper.
X-ray lithography, is a process used in electronic industry to selectively remove parts of a thin film.
Litho, Lithograph, Lithographed, Lithographer, Lithographic, Lithographic presses, Lithographic printing, Lithographies, Lithographist, Lithographs, Litography, Microlithography, Pattern transfer, Serilith, Stone writing.