146 relations: Agriculture, Alpaca, Alpaca fiber, Alps, Angol, Angora goat, Angora rabbit, Angora wool, Beringia, Berserk llama syndrome, Biome, Bolivia, California, Cama (animal), Camel, Camel hair, Camelid, Canada, Canine tooth, Carl Linnaeus, Carl Troll, Cashmere goat, Cashmere wool, Central America, Cetacea, Chamois, Chevrotain, Chilihueque, Chinchilla, Cladistics, Colorado State University, Cria, Dentition, Domestic sheep reproduction, Domestic yak, Donkey, Ecuador, Edward Drinker Cope, Erdkunde, European colonization of the Americas, Even-toed ungulate, Feces, Fertilizer, Fiber, Florida, Fort Collins, Colorado, Fossil, Georges Cuvier, Grass Mud Horse, Great American Interchange, ..., Guanaco, Guard llama, Hemiauchenia, Herd, Hippopotamidae, Horse, Huacaya alpaca, Hunter-gatherer, Hybrid (biology), Hypothermia, Inca Empire, Incisor, Indigenous peoples in Peru, Induced ovulation (animals), Iowa State University, Isthmus of Panama, Joris van Spilbergen, Joseph Leidy, Juan Ignacio Molina, Kilometre, Lamini, Lanolin, Larco Museum, Life (magazine), List of domesticated meat animals, Llama hiking, Mapuche, Mariquina, Chile, Meat, Micrometre, Mile, Miocene, Missouri, Mocha Island, Moche culture, Mohair, Molar (tooth), Mule, Muskox, National Geographic Society, Natural history, New Mexico, North America, North Dakota State University, Oklahoma State University–Stillwater, Old World, Othniel Charles Marsh, Oxford, Pack animal, Paleogene, Pastoralism, Páramo, Pecora, Peru, Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller, Pig, Pleistocene, Plough, Potosí, Pre-Columbian era, Premaxilla, Premolar, Progesterone, Puna grassland, Qiviut, Quaternary extinction event, Quaternary glaciation, Quechuan languages, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, Rocky Mountains, Ruminant, Sheep, Skull, South America, Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, Suinae, Taxon, Texas, Thames & Hudson, The Emperor's New Groove, The Walt Disney Company, Transport, Tylopoda, United States, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Urcuchillay, Utah, Vertebra, Vicuña, Weaning, Whippomorpha, Wiley-Blackwell, Wool, Yak fiber, Year, 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
The Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is a species of South American camelid, similar to, and often confused with the llama.
Alpaca fleece is the natural fiber harvested from an alpaca.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Angol is a commune and capital city of the Malleco Province in the Araucanía Region of southern Chile.
The Angora goat is a breed of domesticated goat, historically known as Angora.
The Angora rabbit (Ankara tavşanı), which is one of the oldest types of domestic rabbit, is bred for the long fibers of its coat, known as Angora wool, that are gathered by shearing, combing, or plucking.
Angora hair or Angora fibre refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora rabbit.
Beringia is defined today as the land and maritime area bounded on the west by the Lena River in Russia; on the east by the Mackenzie River in Canada; on the north by 72 degrees north latitude in the Chukchi Sea; and on the south by the tip of the Kamchatka Peninsula.
Berserk llama syndrome or berserk male syndrome (as it is more pronounced in males) is a psychological condition suffered by human-raised llamas and alpacas that can cause them to exhibit dangerously aggressive behavior toward humans.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
A cama is a hybrid between a male dromedary camel and a female llama, and has been produced via artificial insemination at the Camel Reproduction Centre in Dubai.
A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus that bears distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.
Camel hair specifically refers to the fur from the body of a camel, but more generally refers to the fibre (and cloth) that may be made from either pure camel hair or a blend of camel hair and another fibre.
Camelids are members of the biological family Camelidae, the only currently living family in the suborder Tylopoda.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
In mammalian oral anatomy, the canine teeth, also called cuspids, dog teeth, fangs, or (in the case of those of the upper jaw) eye teeth, are relatively long, pointed teeth.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
Carl Troll (24 December 1899 in Gabersee – 21 July 1975 in Bonn), was a German geographer, brother of botanist Wilhelm Troll.
A cashmere goat is a breed of goat that produces cashmere wool, the goat's fine, soft, downy, winter undercoat, in commercial quality and quantity.
Cashmere wool, usually simply known as cashmere, is a luxury fiber obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Cetacea are a widely distributed and diverse clade of aquatic mammals that today consists of the whales, dolphins, and porpoises.
The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a species of goat-antelope native to mountains in Europe, including the European Alps, the Pyrenees, the Carpathians, the Tatra Mountains, the Balkans, parts of Turkey, the Caucasus, and the Apennines.
Chevrotains, also known as mouse-deer, are small ungulates that make up the family Tragulidae, the only members of the infraorder Tragulina.
Hueque or Chilihueque is a South American camelid variety or species that existed in central and south-central Chile in Pre-Hispanic and colonial times.
Chinchillas are either of two species of crepuscular rodents of the parvorder Caviomorpha.
Cladistics (from Greek κλάδος, cládos, i.e., "branch") is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized in groups ("clades") based on the most recent common ancestor.
Colorado State University (also referred to as Colorado State, State, and CSU) is a public research university located in Fort Collins, in the U.S. state of Colorado.
A cria (pronounced) is a juvenile llama, alpaca, vicuña, or guanaco.
Dentition pertains to the development of teeth and their arrangement in the mouth.
As with other mammals, domestic sheep reproduction occurs sexually.
The domestic yak (Bos grunniens) is a long-haired domesticated bovid found throughout the Himalayan region of the Indian subcontinent, the Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia and Russia.
The donkey or ass (Equus africanus asinus) is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Edward Drinker Cope (July 28, 1840 – April 12, 1897) was an American paleontologist and comparative anatomist, as well as a noted herpetologist and ichthyologist.
Erdkunde – Archive for Scientific Geography is a scientific journal published by the University of Bonn.
The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
The even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla) are ungulates (hoofed animals) whose weight is borne equally by the third and fourth toes.
Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Fort Collins is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Larimer County, Colorado, United States.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric, Baron Cuvier (23 August 1769 – 13 May 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist, sometimes referred to as the "founding father of paleontology".
The Grass Mud Horse or Cǎonímǎ (草泥马) is a Chinese Internet meme widely used as a form of symbolic defiance of the widespread Internet censorship in China.
The Great American Interchange was an important late Cenozoic paleozoogeographic event in which land and freshwater fauna migrated from North America via Central America to South America and vice versa, as the volcanic Isthmus of Panama rose up from the sea floor and bridged the formerly separated continents.
The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is a camelid native to South America.
A guard llama is a llama, guanaco, alpaca or hybrid that is used in farming to protect sheep, goats, hens or other livestock from coyotes, dogs, foxes and other predators.
Hemiauchenia, synonym Tanupolama, is a genus of lamine camelids that evolved in North America in the Miocene period approximately 10 million years ago.
A herd is a social group of certain animals of the same species, either wild or domestic.
Hippopotamuses are stout, naked-skinned, and amphibious artiodactyl mammals, possessing three-chambered stomachs and walking on four toes on each foot.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Huacaya or Huacaya alpaca is the one of the two breeds that make up the species Vicugna pacos, commonly known as the alpaca.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Hypothermia is reduced body temperature that happens when a body dissipates more heat than it absorbs.
The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, "The Four Regions"), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century.
Incisors (from Latin incidere, "to cut") are the front teeth present in most mammals.
Indigenous peoples in Peru, or Native Peruvians, comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who have inhabited the country of Peru's territory since before the arrival of Europeans around 1500.
Ovulation occurs at the ovary surface and is described as the process in which an oocyte (female germ cell) is released from the follicle.
Iowa State University of Science and Technology, generally referred to as Iowa State, is a public flagship land-grant and space-grant research university located in Ames, Iowa, United States.
The Isthmus of Panama (Istmo de Panamá), also historically known as the Isthmus of Darien (Istmo de Darién), is the narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.
Joris van Spilbergen (1568 in Antwerp – 1620 in Bergen op Zoom) was a Dutch naval officer.
Joseph Mellick Leidy (September 9, 1823 – April 30, 1891) was an American paleontologist, parasitologist, and anatomist.
The kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: km; or) or kilometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand metres (kilo- being the SI prefix for). It is now the measurement unit used officially for expressing distances between geographical places on land in most of the world; notable exceptions are the United States and the road network of the United Kingdom where the statute mile is the official unit used.
Lamini (members are called laminoids) is a tribe of the subfamily Camelinae.
Lanolin (from Latin ‘wool’, and ‘oil’), also called wool wax or wool grease, is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals.
The Museo Larco (English: Larco Museum) or Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera is a privately owned museum of pre-Columbian art, located in the Pueblo Libre District of Lima, Peru.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
The following is a list of animals that are or may have been raised in captivity for consumption by people.
Llama hiking, also known as llama trekking or llama caravanning, is an activity where llamas accompany people on walking expeditions, including eco-tourism.
The Mapuche are a group of indigenous inhabitants of south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.
Mariquina is a commune in southern Chile, Valdivia Province, Los Ríos Region.
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.
The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".
The mile is an English unit of length of linear measure equal to 5,280 feet, or 1,760 yards, and standardised as exactly 1,609.344 metres by international agreement in 1959.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
Mocha (Isla Mocha) is a small Chilean island located west of the coast of Arauco Province in the Pacific Ocean.
The Moche civilization (alternatively, the Mochica culture or the Early, Pre- or Proto-Chimú) flourished in northern Peru with its capital near present-day Moche, Trujillo, Peru from about 100 to 700 AD during the Regional Development Epoch.
Mohair is usually a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat.
The molars or molar teeth are large, flat teeth at the back of the mouth.
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare).
The muskox (Ovibos moschatus), also spelled musk ox and musk-ox (in ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak), is an Arctic hoofed mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted during the seasonal rut by males, from which its name derives.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Sciences, more commonly known as North Dakota State University (NDSU), is a public research university that sits on a 258-acre campus (~1 km2) in Fargo, North Dakota, U.S. The institution was founded as North Dakota Agricultural College in 1890 as the research land-grant institution for the state of North Dakota.
Oklahoma State University (also referred to informally as Oklahoma State, OKState, and OSU), is a land-grant, sun-grant, coeducational public research university located in Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States.
The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").
Othniel Charles Marsh (October 29, 1831 – March 18, 1899) was an American paleontologist.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
A pack animal or beast of burden is an individual or type of working animal used by humans as means of transporting materials by attaching them so their weight bears on the animal's back, in contrast to draft animals which pull loads but do not carry them.
The Paleogene (also spelled Palaeogene or Palæogene; informally Lower Tertiary or Early Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 43 million years from the end of the Cretaceous Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Neogene Period Mya.
Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.
Páramo can refer to a variety of alpine tundra ecosystems.
The Pecora are an infraorder of even-toed hoofed mammals with ruminant digestion (Ruminantia, a clade within the Artiodactyla).
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller (April 25, 1725 – January 5, 1776) was a German zoologist.
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool or farm implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
Potosí is a capital city and a municipality of the department of Potosí in Bolivia.
The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.
The premaxilla (or praemaxilla) is one of a pair of small cranial bones at the very tip of the upper jaw of many animals, usually, but not always, bearing teeth.
The premolar teeth, or bicuspids, are transitional teeth located between the canine and molar teeth.
Progesterone (P4) is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.
The Puna grassland ecoregion, of the montane grasslands and shrublands biome, is found in the central Andes Mountains of South America.
Qiviuq or qiviut (Inuktitut syllabics, ᕿᕕᐅᖅ; Inuinnaqtun, qiviuq; Inupiaq qiviu or qiviuqWolf A. Seiler (2012), sometimes spelled qiveut) is the inner wool of the muskox.
The Quaternary period saw the extinctions of numerous predominantly megafaunal species, which resulted in a collapse in faunal density and diversity, and the extinction of key ecological strata across the globe.
The Quaternary glaciation, also known as the Quaternary Ice Age or Pleistocene glaciation, is a series of glacial events separated by interglacial events during the Quaternary period from 2.58 Ma (million years ago) to present.
Quechua, usually called Runasimi ("people's language") in Quechuan languages, is an indigenous language family spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes and highlands of South America.
The Revista Chilena de Historia Natural is a bilingual open access scientific journal published by the Sociedad de Biología de Chile covering research in many areas of biology.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Suinae is a subfamily of artiodactyl mammals that includes at several of the extant members of Suidae and their closest relatives—the domestic pig and related species, such as babirusas.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Thames & Hudson (also Thames and Hudson and sometimes T&H for brevity) is a publisher of illustrated books on art, architecture, design, and visual culture.
The Emperor's New Groove is a 2000 American animated buddy comedy film created by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
Tylopoda (meaning "calloused foot") is a suborder of terrestrial herbivorous even-toed ungulates belonging to the order Artiodactyla.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
Urcuchillay was a god worshipped by Incas herders, believed to be a llama who watched over animals.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.
The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) or vicuna (both, very rarely spelled vicugna) is one of the two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco.
Weaning is the process of gradually introducing an infant mammal to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother's milk.
Whippomorpha is the clade containing the Cetacea (whales, dolphins, etc.) and their closest living relatives, the hippopotamuses, named by Waddell et al.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
Yak fiber is the term commonly used to refer yak fiber wool produced from the coat hair of yaks (Bos grunniens), a long-haired bovine mainly found in the Himalayan region, Tibetan plateau, and some areas of Mongolia and Central Asia.
A year is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun.
The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.