274 relations: Administrative divisions of Poland, Administrative divisions of the Philippines, Administrative regions of Greece, Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Andorra la Vella, Archipelago, Argentina, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Atlantic Ocean, Australia, Autonomous administrative division, Autonomous communities of Spain, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Autonomous Regions of Portugal, Azores, Åland Islands, Baja California Sur, Barangay, Barangay Captain, Barangay councils in the Philippines, Barisal Division, Beersheba, Borá, Borough, Borough (United States), Budapest, Buenos Aires, Bulgaria, Burgemeester, Cameron–Clegg coalition, Canada, Canillo, Central government, Centralisation, Ceremonial counties of England, Ceuta, Chittagong Division, Cities of the Philippines, City, City council, City of London, City status in the United Kingdom, City-state, Civil parish, Civil township, College van burgemeester en wethouders, Communes of France, Community (Wales), ..., Comune, Constitution of France, Constitution of Iceland, Constitution of Italy, Cordillera, Cordillera Administrative Region, Corsica, Counties of England, Counties of Estonia, Counties of Hungary, Counties of Lithuania, County, County (Taiwan), County (United States), Croatia, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Czech language, Czech Republic, Dáil Éireann, Decentralization, Denmark, Department (country subdivision), Departments of France, Departments of Paraguay, Dhaka Division, Dijkgraaf (official), Disability, District, Districts of England, Districts of the Czech Republic, Egypt, Egyptian revolution of 1952, Elder (administrative title), Elderly care, Elderships of Lithuania, Elementary school, Encamp, England, Escaldes-Engordany, Federal district, Federation, Felipe González, Finland, Flevoland, France, Freguesia, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gmina, Governance, Government of Estonia, Government of Pakistan, Government of the Republic of China, Government Office, Governor, Governorates of Palestine, Greater London, Guadeloupe, Heemraad, Hetman, Iceland, Indian reservation, Internal Revenue Allotment, Isle of Man, Israel, Japan, José María Aznar, Karmiel, Khulna Division, Kindergarten, King's Commissioner, La Massana, Lapland (Finland), Latvia, Legislation, Liechtenstein, Lima Province, List of cities and towns in Croatia, List of cities in Israel, List of cities in New Zealand, List of historical capitals of Hungary, List of municipalities of the Netherlands, List of states of Mexico, Lithuania, Local council (Israel), Local councils of Malta, Local government in England, Local government in Pakistan, Local service district, London boroughs, Madeira, Malaysia, Martinique, Mayor, Mayotte, Meiji Restoration, Melilla, Metropolitan borough, Metropolitan county, Mexico, Mexico City, Ministry of Interior (Israel), Mount Athos, Mujahideen, Municipal council (Netherlands), Municipalities and communities of Greece, Municipalities of Bulgaria, Municipalities of Croatia, Municipalities of Denmark, Municipalities of Estonia, Municipalities of Finland, Municipalities of Iceland, Municipalities of Liechtenstein, Municipalities of Lithuania, Municipalities of Mexico, Municipalities of Mexico City, Municipalities of the Philippines, Municipality, Municipality (Palestinian Authority), Mymensingh Division, Ne'ot Hovav, Negev, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Non-governmental organization, Non-metropolitan county, Northern Ireland, Norway, Oblast, Okres, Old age, Ordino, Overseas department, Pakistan, Palestinian National Authority, Paraguay, Paris, Parish, Parish (administrative division), Parish councils in England, Parishes of Andorra, Pays de la Loire, Peru, Philippine legal codes, Portuguese language, Prague, Prefecture, Prefectures of Japan, Prime Minister of Spain, Property tax, Province, Provinces of Italy, Provinces of Spain, Provinces of the Netherlands, Provinces of the Philippines, Provincial city (Taiwan), Provincial-Executive (Netherlands), Public administration, Public housing, Public transport, Purok, Quintana Roo, Radio Prague, Rajshahi Division, Rangpur Division, Réunion, Region, Regional council (Israel), Regions of Denmark, Regions of England, Regions of Finland, Regions of Italy, Regions of New Zealand, Regions of Peru, Regions of the Czech Republic, Republic of Ireland, Sami native region (Finland), Sami people, Sangguniang Bayan, Sangguniang Panlalawigan, Sangguniang Panlungsod, Sant Julià de Lòria, São Paulo, Scotland, Self-governance, Shire, Sitio, Social services, Sovereign state, Special municipality (Taiwan), State (polity), States-Provincial, Sub-regions of Finland, Subdivisions of Scotland, Subregions of Hungary, Supranational union, Sweden, Sylhet Division, Taiwan, Teachta Dála, Territorial authorities of New Zealand, Town, Town council, Township, Turkey, Union councils of Bangladesh, Union councils of Pakistan, Unitary authorities of England, Unitary authority, Unitary state, United Kingdom, Upper Galilee, Uruguay, Vietnam, Village, Village (United States), Village council (Palestinian Authority), Voivodeship sejmik, Wales, Waste management, Water board (Netherlands), Zagreb, Zoning. 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The administrative division of Poland since 1999 has been based on three levels of subdivision.
The Philippines has four main classes of elected administrative divisions, often lumped together as local government units (LGUs).
The administrative regions of Greece (περιφέρειες, peripheries) are the country's thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France in the north and Spain in the south.
Andorra la Vella (Andorra la Vieja, Andorre-la-Vieille) is the capital of the Principality of Andorra.
An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh was established as the Asiatic Society of Pakistan in Dhaka in 1952, and renamed in 1972.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subdivision or dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from an external authority.
In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.
The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Awtonomong Rehiyon sa Muslim Mindanao, الحكم الذاتي الاقليمي لمسلمي مندناو Al-ḥukm adh-dhātiyy al-'aqlīmiyy limuslimiyy mindanāu; abbreviated ARMM) is an autonomous region of the Philippines, located in the Mindanao island group of the Philippines, that consists of five predominantly Muslim provinces: Basilan (except Isabela City), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi.
The two Autonomous Regions of Portugal (Regiões Autónomas de Portugal) are the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores) and Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira).
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
The Åland Islands or Åland (Åland,; Ahvenanmaa) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland.
Baja California Sur, (South Lower California), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur (Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur), is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
A barangay ((abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), formerly referred to as barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. In metropolitan areas, the term often refers to an inner city neighbourhood, a suburb or a suburban neighborhood. The word barangay originated from balangay, a kind of boat used by a group of Austronesian peoples when they migrated to the Philippines. Municipalities and cities in the Philippines are subdivided into barangays, with the exception of the municipalities of Adams in Ilocos Norte and Kalayaan, Palawan which each contain only one barangay. The barangay itself is sometimes informally subdivided into smaller areas called purok (English: "zone"), barangay zones consisting of a cluster of houses, and sitios, which are territorial enclaves—usually rural—far from the barangay center., there were 42,029 barangays throughout the Philippines.
A Barangay Captain (Filipino: Punong Barangay), also known as a Barangay Chairman, is the highest elected official in a barangay, the smallest level of administrative divisions of the Philippines.
The Sangguniang Barangay known commonly as the Barangay Council, and formerly as the Rural Council and then the Barrio Council, is the legislative body of a barangay, the lowest elected government in the Philippines.
Barisal Division, officially known as Barishal Division, is one of the eight administrative divisions of Bangladesh.
Beersheba, also spelled Beer-Sheva (בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע; بئر السبع), is the largest city in the Negev desert of southern Israel.
Borá is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil.
A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.
A borough in some U.S. states is a unit of local government or other administrative division below the level of the state.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.
David Cameron and Nick Clegg formed the Cameron–Clegg coalition after the former was invited by Queen Elizabeth II to begin a new government, following the resignation of Prime Minister Gordon Brown on 11 May 2010.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canillo is one of the parishes of Andorra.
A central government is the government of a nation-state and is a characteristic of a unitary state.
Centralisation (British), or centralization (both British and American), is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location or group, keeping all of the important decision-making powers within the head office or the centre of the organisation.
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
Ceuta (also;; Berber language: Sebta) is an Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa, separated by 14 kilometres from Cadiz province on the Spanish mainland by the Strait of Gibraltar and sharing a 6.4 kilometre land border with M'diq-Fnideq Prefecture in the Kingdom of Morocco.
Chittagong Division, officially known as Chattogram Division, is geographically the largest of the eight administrative divisions of Bangladesh.
A city is one of the units of local government in the Philippines.
A city is a large human settlement.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.
A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.
In England, a civil parish is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.
A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county.
The college van burgemeester en wethouders (abbreviated as college van B&W or simply B&W) is the executive board of a municipality in the Netherlands.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
A community (cymuned) is a division of land in Wales that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales.
The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.
The current Constitution of France was adopted on 4 October 1958.
The Constitution of Iceland (Icelandic: Stjórnarskrá lýðveldisins Íslands "Constitution of the republic of Iceland") is the supreme law of Iceland.
The Constitution of the Italian Republic (Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana) was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 December 1947, with 453 votes in favour and 62 against.
A cordillera is an extensive chain of mountains or mountain ranges.
Cordillera Administrative Region (Rehion/Deppaar Administratibo ti Kordiliera; Rehiyong Pampangasiwaan ng Cordillera), designated as CAR, is an administrative region in the Philippines situated within the island of Luzon.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
The counties of England are areas used for the purposes of administrative, geographical, cultural or political demarcation.
Counties (maakond, plural maakonnad) are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Estonia.
Hungary is subdivided administratively into 19 counties (megyék, singular: megye) and the capital city (főváros) Budapest.
The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular apskritis, plural apskritys), all named after their capitals.
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes,Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations.
A county is an administrative division unit in Taiwan.
In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano (born May 1, 1934) is a prominent Mexican politician.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Decentralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
A department is an administrative or political subdivision in many countries.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
Paraguay consists of 17 departments (departamentos; singular – departamento) and one capital district (distrito capital).
Dhaka Division (ঢাকা বিভাগ, Ḑhaka Bibhag) is an administrative division within Bangladesh.
A dijkgraaf (translated: dike-warden or dike-reeve), sometimes called a watergraaf, is the chair of a Dutch water board.
A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government.
The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.
In 1960, Czechoslovakia was re-divided into districts (okres, plural okresy) often without regard to traditional division and local relationships.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Egyptian coup d'etat of 1952 (ثورة 23 يوليو 1952), also known as the July 23 revolution, began on July 23, 1952, by the Free Officers Movement, a group of army officers led by Mohammed Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser.
The term Elder or its equivalent in another language, is used in several different countries and organizations to indicate a position of authority.
Elderly care, or simply eldercare (also known in parts of the English speaking world as aged care), is the fulfillment of the special needs and requirements that are unique to senior citizens.
A seniūnija (in English: eldership, elderate, ward, parish, or subdistrict) is the smallest administrative division of Lithuania.
Elementary school is a school for students in their first school years, where they get primary education before they enter secondary education.
Encamp is one of the parishes of Andorra, located on the Valira d'Orient river.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Escaldes-Engordany is one of the parishes of Andorra.
A federal district is a type of administrative division of a federation, usually under the direct control of a federal government and organized sometimes with a single municipal body.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
Felipe González Márquez (born 5 March 1942) is a Spanish lawyer, professor, and politician, who was the Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997, and the 3rd Prime Minister of Spain since the restoration of democracy, from 1982 to 1996.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Flevoland is the twelfth and last province of the Netherlands, established on 1 January 1986, when the southern and eastern Flevopolders were merged into one provincial entity.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freguesia, usually translated as "parish" or "civil parish", is the third-level administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the 1976 Constitution.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
French Polynesia (Polynésie française; Pōrīnetia Farāni) is an overseas collectivity of the French Republic; collectivité d'outre-mer de la République française (COM), sometimes unofficially referred to as an overseas country; pays d'outre-mer (POM).
The gmina (Polish pronunciation, plural gminy) is the principal unit of the administrative division of Poland, similar to a municipality.
Governance is all of the processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, a market or a network, over a social system (family, tribe, formal or informal organization, a territory or across territories) and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.
The Government of the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Vabariigi Valitsus) is the cabinet of Estonia.
The Government of Pakistan (حکومتِ پاکستان) is a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan as a constituted governing authority of the four provinces of a proclaimed and established parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
The Government of the Republic of China was formally established in 1912 in Nanking, with Sun Yat-sen as President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China under the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.
Government Offices for the English Regions (GOs) were established in 1994 by the John Major administration.
A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.
The Governorates of the Palestinian National Authority are the administrative divisions of the Palestinian Territories.
Greater London is a region of England which forms the administrative boundaries of London, as well as a county for the purposes of the lieutenancies.
Guadeloupe (Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an insular region of France located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.
A heemraad, or hoogheemraad (literally a high heemraad) is a local official of a Dutch water board.
reason (translit; hejtman; hatman) is a political title from Central and Eastern Europe, historically assigned to military commanders.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located.
The Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) is a local government unit’s (LGU) share of revenues from the Philippine national government.
The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
José María Alfredo Aznar López (born 25 February 1953) is a Spanish politician who served as the Prime Minister of Spain from 1996 to 2004.
Karmiel (כַּרְמִיאֵל, lit. "God's vineyards") is a city in northern Israel.
Khulna Division (খুলনা বিভাগ) is one of the eight divisions of Bangladesh.
Kindergarten (from German, literally meaning 'garden for the children') is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.
The King’s Commissioner (Commissaris van de Koning, abbreviated to CvdK) is the head of a province in the Netherlands.
La Massana (originally La Maçana) is one of the seven parishes of the Principality of Andorra.
Lapland (Lappi; Sápmi; Lappland) is the largest and northernmost region of Finland.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Legislation (or "statutory law") is law which has been promulgated (or "enacted") by a legislature or other governing body or the process of making it.
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.
Lima Province is located in the central coast of Peru and is the only province in the country not belonging to any of the twenty-five regions.
An urbanized area in Croatia can gain the status of grad (which can be translated as town or city as there is no distinction between the two terms in Croatian) if it meets one of the following requirements.
Israeli cities in this list are the cities in Israel, and Israeli settlements with city status in the occupied West Bank; Jerusalem includes occupied East Jerusalem.
The word "city" began to take on two meanings in New Zealand after the local government reforms of 1989.
The European country of Hungary has had more than one capital city in its history.
As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.
The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Local councils - plural: (מוֹעָצוֹת מְקוֹמִיּוֹת Mo'atzot Mekomiot (מועצות מקומיות) / singular: (מוֹעָצָה מְקוֹמִית Mo'atza Mekomit (מועצה מקומית) - are one of the three types of local government found in Israel, the other two being cities and regional councils. There are 265 local councils in Israel. Local councils should not be confused with local committees, which are lower-level administrative entities.
Since June 30, 1993, Malta has been subdivided into 68 localities, governed by local councils, kunsilli lokali, meaning municipalities or borough.
The pattern of local government in England is complex, with the distribution of functions varying according to the local arrangements.
Local government in Pakistan is a complex pattern, with distribution of power varying according to the local arrangements.
Local service district is a name for a type of country subdivisions in Canada.
The London boroughs are 32 of the 33 local authority districts of the Greater London administrative area (the 33rd is the City of London).
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Martinique is an insular region of France located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of and a population of 385,551 inhabitants as of January 2013.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
Mayotte (Mayotte,; Shimaore: Maore,; Mahori) is an insular department and region of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French: Département de Mayotte).
The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
Melilla (مليلية, Maliliyyah; ⵎⵔⵉⵜⵙ, Mřič) is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of.
A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county.
The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division of England.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The Ministry of Interior (משרד הפנים, Misrad HaPnim; وزارة الداخلية) in the State of Israel is one of the government offices that is responsible for local government, citizenship and residency, identity cards, and student and entry visas.
Mount Athos (Άθως, Áthos) is a mountain and peninsula in northeastern Greece and an important centre of Eastern Orthodox monasticism.
Mujahideen (مجاهدين) is the plural form of mujahid (مجاهد), the term for one engaged in Jihad (literally, "holy war").
In the Netherlands the municipal council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.
The municipalities of Greece (δήμοι, dímoi) are the lowest level of government within the organizational structure of that country.
The 28 provinces of Bulgaria are divided into 265 municipalities (община, obshtina).
Municipalities in Croatia (općina; plural: općine) are the second lowest administrative unit of government in the country, and along with cities and towns (grad, plural: gradovi) they form the second level of administrative subdisivion, after counties.
Denmark is divided into five regions, which contain 98 municipalities (kommuner, sing.: kommune).
A municipality (omavalitsus, plural omavalitsused) is the smallest administrative subdivision of Estonia.
The municipalities (kunta; kommun) represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental, self-governing administrative units of the country.
The municipalities of Iceland are local administrative areas in Iceland that provide a number of services to their inhabitants such as kindergartens, elementary schools, waste management, social services, public housing, public transportation, services to senior citizens and handicapped people.
The principality of Liechtenstein is divided into eleven municipalities (Gemeinden, singular Gemeinde), most consisting of only a single town.
Lithuania is divided into three layers of administrative divisions.
Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state (Spanish: estado).
Mexico City is divided into sixteen delegaciones (mayoralties or boroughs) (alcaldías), which have regulatory powers and are not fully autonomous in their internal administration.
A municipality (bayan/munisipalidad; banwa; lungsod/munisipalidad; baley; balen/balayan; banwaan; bungto; ili) is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.
A municipality is usually a single urban or administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate.
In the territories administrated by the Palestinian Authority, a municipality (هيئة محلية) is an administrative unit of local government similar to a city.
Mymensingh Division (ময়মনসিংহ বিভাগ) is one of the eight administrative divisions of Bangladesh.
Ramat Hovav (רָמַת חוֹבָב), new official name Ne'ot Hovav (נְאוֹת חוֹבָב), is an industrial zone in southern Israel and the site of Israel's main hazardous waste disposal facility.
The Negev (הַנֶּגֶב, Tiberian vocalization:; النقب an-Naqab) is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
A non-metropolitan county, or colloquially, shire county, is a county-level entity in England that is not a metropolitan county.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Okres (Czech and Slovak term meaning "district" in English; from German Kreis - circle (or perimeter)) refers to administrative entities in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Old age refers to ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and is thus the end of the human life cycle.
Ordino is the most northerly parish in the Principality of Andorra.
An overseas department (département d’outre-mer or DOM) is a department of France that is outside metropolitan France.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established in 1994 following the Gaza–Jericho Agreement to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
A parish is a church territorial entity constituting a division within a diocese.
A parish is an administrative division used by several countries.
A parish council is a civil local authority found in England and is the first tier of local government.
Andorra consists of seven communities known as parishes (parròquies, singularparròquia).
Pays de la Loire (Broioù al Liger, meaning Loire Country) is one of the 18 regions of France.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Codification of laws is a common practice in the Philippines.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction or subdivision in any of various countries and within some international church structures, and in antiquity a Roman district governed by an appointed prefect.
Japan is divided into 47, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division.
The Prime Minister of Spain, officially the President of the Government of Spain (Presidente del Gobierno de España), is the head of the government of Spain.
A property tax or millage rate is an ad valorem tax on the value of a property, usually levied on real estate.
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
In Italy, a province (provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between a municipality (comune) and a region (regione).
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (provincias,; sing. provincia).
There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.
The Provinces of the Philippines (Filipino: Mga Lalawigan ng Pilipinas) are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines.
A provincial city is an administrative division unit in Taiwan.
The Provincial-Executive (Dutch: Gedeputeerde Staten, GS) is the executive branch of government of a province of the Netherlands.
Public Administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Purok (English: District), also known as zone, is a political subdivision of a barangay.
Quintana Roo, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Quintana Roo (Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
Radio Prague (Český rozhlas 7 - Radio Praha) is the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic.
Rajshahi Division (রাজশাহী বিভাগ) is one of the eight first-level administrative divisions of Bangladesh.
Rangpur Division (রংপুর বিভাগ) was formed on 25 January 2010, as Bangladesh's 7th division.
Réunion (La Réunion,; previously Île Bourbon) is an island and region of France in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southwest of Mauritius.
In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).
Regional councils (plural: מוֹעָצוֹת אֵזוֹרִיּוֹת, Mo'atzot Azoriot / singular: מוֹעָצָה אֵזוֹרִית, Mo'atza Azorit) are one of the three types of local government entities found in Israel and the West Bank, with the other two being cities and local councils.
The Regions of Denmark were created as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform.
The regions of England, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England.
Finland comprises 19 regions called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish.
The regions of Italy (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level.
New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions for local government purposes.
The regions (regiones) of Peru are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Peru.
According to the Act no.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Sami native region of Finland (Saamelaisten kotiseutualue in Finnish, Sámiid ruovttuguovllu in Northern Sami, Samernas hembygdsområde in Swedish) is the northernmost part of Lappi administrative region in Finland (formerly Lappi Province), home of approximately half of Finland's Sami population.
The Sami people (also known as the Sámi or the Saami) are a Finno-Ugric people inhabiting Sápmi, which today encompasses large parts of Norway and Sweden, northern parts of Finland, and the Murmansk Oblast of Russia.
The Sangguniáng Bayan (Filipino: Municipal Council) is the local legislative branch of the municipal governments in the Philippines.
The Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Council), commonly known as the Provincial Board, is the Filipino language name given to the legislatures in Philippine provinces.
The Sangguniang Panlungsod are the legislatures of city governments in the Philippines.
Sant Julià de Lòria is one of the parishes of Andorra, in the far south of that country.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
A shire is a traditional term for a division of land, found in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and some other English speaking countries.
A sitio in the Philippines is a territorial enclave that forms part of a barangay.
Social services are a range of public services provided by the government, private, and non-profit organizations.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
A special municipality is an administrative division unit in Taiwan.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
The States-Provincial (in Dutch: Provinciale Staten, abbreviated PS – commonly known as simply the Staten) is the provincial parliament and legislative assembly in each of the provinces of the Netherlands.
Finland is divided into 70 sub-regional units (seutukunta, ekonomisk region).
For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as "council areas", which are all governed by single-tier authorities designated as "councils".
Subregions of Hungary (in Hungarian, kistérségek, sing. kistérség) were subdivisions of Hungary, dividing the twenty counties of Hungary (including Budapest) into 175 administrative subregions.
A supranational union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Sylhet Division (সিলেট বিভাগ, ꠍꠤꠟꠐ ꠛꠤꠜꠣꠉ), also known as Greater Sylhet, is the northeastern division of Bangladesh, named after its main city, Sylhet.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
A TD (plural TDanna in Irish or TDs in English; full Irish form Teachta Dála,, plural Teachtaí Dála) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (the Irish Parliament).
Territorial authorities are the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils.
A town is a human settlement.
A town council, village council or rural council is a form of local government for small municipalities.
Township refers to various kinds of settlements in different countries.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Union councils (or union parishads or rural council or Unions) are the smallest rural administrative and local government units in Bangladesh.
A Union Council (شیروان, Sherwan) forms the second-tier of local government and fifth administrative division in Pakistan.
Unitary authorities of England are local authorities that are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district.
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Upper Galilee (הגליל העליון, HaGalil Ha'Elyon; الجليل الأعلى, Al Jaleel Al A'alaa) is a geographical-political term in use since the end of the Second Temple period, originally referring to a mountainous area straddling present-day northern Israel and southern Lebanon, its boundaries being the Litani River in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the Lower Galilee in the south, from which it is separated by the Beit HaKerem Valley, and the upper Jordan River and the Hula Valley in the east.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.
In the United States, the meaning of "village" varies by geographic area and legal jurisdiction.
A Village council is a type of local government used in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) for Palestinian localities that usually number between 800-3,000+ inhabitants.
A voivodeship sejmik (sejmik województwa), also known as a provincial or regional assembly, is the regional-level elected legislature for each of the sixteen voivodeships of Poland.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.
Dutch water boards (waterschappen or hoogheemraadschappen) are regional government bodies charged with managing water barriers, waterways, water levels, water quality and sewage treatment in their respective regions.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zoning is the process of dividing land in a municipality into zones (e.g. residential, industrial) in which certain land uses are permitted or prohibited.
City government, County Government, County government, Local Authorities, Local Authority, Local Government, Local authorities, Local authority, Local body, Local governance, Local governments, Local municipality, Local politics, Local self-government, Metropolitan government, Municipal Affairs, Municipal Government, Municipal authorities, Regional Government, Regional government, Regional identification, Town government, Township government, Village government.