237 relations: Aeritalia, Aeritalia F-104S Starfighter, Aerospace Defense Command, Afterburner, AIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Air International, Air National Guard, Air supremacy, Air Zoo, Airbus, Aircraft in fiction, Airfield traffic pattern, Angle of attack, Arizona, Armstrong Flight Research Center, Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Aspide, Astronaut, Avionics, Axial compressor, B28 nuclear bomb, B43 nuclear bomb, Belt (firearms), Berlin Crisis of 1961, Bird strike, Blackburn Buccaneer, Bleed air, Blown flap, Bodø, Boundary layer control, Canadair, Canadair CF-104 Starfighter, Cannon, Century Series, Chord (aeronautics), Chuck Yeager, Close air support, Combat air patrol, Continuous-wave radar, Controlled flight into terrain, Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, Convair F-106 Delta Dart, CubeSat, Darryl Greenamyer, Dassault Mirage III, Dassault Mystère IV, Dayton, Ohio, Delta wing, ..., Denmark, Der Spiegel, Deutsche Mark, Dornier Flugzeugwerke, DR2, Drogue parachute, Edwards Air Force Base, Einar Enevoldson, Ejection seat, Empennage, English Electric Lightning, Erich Hartmann, Eurofighter Typhoon, EWR VJ 101, Fatigue (material), Federal Aviation Administration, Federation of American Scientists, Fiat Automobiles, Fighter-bomber, Final approach (aeronautics), Fineness ratio, First-generation jet fighter, Flap (aeronautics), Flight International, Flight recorder, Flightglobal, Flyaway cost, Flying ace, Fokker, Folland Gnat, Franz Josef Strauss, Frequency-hopping spread spectrum, G-force, Gate guardian, Gatling gun, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, General Electric J79, George Air Force Base, German Air Force, German Navy, Global Positioning System, Grumman F11F-1F Super Tiger, Gulf of Kutch, Hamilton Army Airfield, Hawker Hunter, Hydraulic cylinder, Identification friend or foe, Indian Air Force, Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Inertia coupling, Inertial navigation system, Inlet cone, Interceptor aircraft, Italian Air Force, Iven Carl Kincheloe Jr., Jacqueline Cochran, Japan Air Self-Defense Force, Johannes Steinhoff, John F. Kennedy, Jordan, Joseph A. Walker, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Kanji, Kelly Johnson (engineer), Kennedy Space Center, Kinmen, Landing gear, Lift-induced drag, Lightning strike, List of fighter aircraft, List of military aircraft of the United States, LN-3 inertial navigation system, Lockheed bribery scandals, Lockheed CL-1200 Lancer, Lockheed CL-288, Lockheed Corporation, Lockheed NF-104A, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed U-2, Lockheed XF-104, LTV A-7 Corsair II, Luke Air Force Base, M61 Vulcan, Mach number, Maiden flight, Martin-Baker Mk.7, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Member states of NATO, Mervyn Middlecoat, Messerschmitt, Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm, Mid-air collision, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Missing in action, Mitsubishi, Mockup, Moving target indication, N104RB Red Baron, NASA, National Guard of the United States, New Scientist, North American Aviation, North American Eagle Project, North American F-100 Super Sabre, North American F-107, North American F-86 Sabre, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, Northrop Corporation, Northrop F-5, Northrop N-102 Fang, Northrop T-38 Talon, Nuclear weapon, Operation Rolling Thunder, Oscillation, PAF Museum, Karachi, Pakistan Air Force, People's Liberation Army Air Force, Philip E. Smith, Pitch-up, Popular Mechanics, Propelling nozzle, Prototype, Puerto Rico Air National Guard, Reconnaissance, Republic Aviation, Republic of China Air Force, Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor, Research and development, Robert Henry Lawrence Jr., Rocket engine, Royal Norwegian Air Force, Rudder, S-75 Dvina, SABCA, Saunders-Roe SR.177, Semi-active radar homing, Shenyang J-6, Skunk Works, Sounding rocket, Spanish Air Force, Spatial disorientation, Speed wobble, Spin (aerodynamics), Stabilator, Stanley Aviation, Starfighters Inc, Stick pusher, Stick shaker, Sukhoi Su-15, Supersonic speed, Surface-to-air missile, Swept wing, Tactical Air Command, Tactical air navigation system, Taiwan, Takeoff, Taktisches Luftwaffengeschwader 71 "Richthofen", The Blond Knight of Germany, Thrust, Time (magazine), Tonopah, Nevada, Trainer aircraft, Trapezoidal wing, Trevor James Constable, Turkey, Turkish Air Force, United States Air Force, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Vestfjorden, Vietnam War, West Germany, West Pakistan, Wing loading, Wright J65, Zero-length launch, 151st Air Refueling Squadron, 157th Fighter Squadron, 20 mm caliber, 435th Fighter Training Squadron, 436th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron, 476th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 4Frontiers Corporation, 83d Fighter Weapons Squadron. Expand index (187 more) » « Shrink index
Aeritalia was an aerospace engineering corporation based in Italy, formed by the merger of Fiat Aviazione and Aerfer in 1969.
The Aeritalia F-104S Starfighter was a licensed production Italian version of the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, which served in the Italian Air Force (AMI, Aeronautica Militare Italiana), and was the AMI's mainstay from the late 1960s until the beginning of the 21st Century.
Aerospace Defense Command was a major command of the United States Air Forces, responsible for continental air defence.
An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines, mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft.
The AIM-7 Sparrow is an American, medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile operated by the United States Air Force, United States Navy and United States Marine Corps, as well as other various air forces and navies.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.
AIR International is a British aviation magazine covering current defence aerospace and civil aviation topics.
The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
The Air Zoo, founded as the Kalamazoo Aviation History Museum, is an aviation museum and indoor amusement park next to the Kalamazoo-Battle Creek International Airport in Portage, Michigan.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
Aircraft in fiction covers the various real-world aircraft that have made significant appearances in fiction over the decades, including in books, films, toys, TV programs, video games, and other media.
An airfield traffic pattern is a standard path followed by aircraft when taking off or landing, while maintaining visual contact with the airfield.
In fluid dynamics, angle of attack (AOA, or \alpha (Greek letter alpha)) is the angle between a reference line on a body (often the chord line of an airfoil) and the vector representing the relative motion between the body and the fluid through which it is moving.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
The NASA, Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) is an aeronautical research center operated by NASA.
The Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire was a British turbojet engine produced by Armstrong Siddeley in the 1950s.
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.
Aspide (the Italian name for the adder) is an Italian medium range air-to-air and surface-to-air missile produced by Selenia (now part of the Alenia consortium).
An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
The B28, originally Mark 28, was a thermonuclear bomb carried by U.S. tactical fighter bombers, attack aircraft and bomber aircraft.
The B43 was a United States air-dropped variable yield nuclear weapon used by a wide variety of fighter bomber and bomber aircraft.
A belt or ammunition belt is a device used to retain and feed cartridges into a firearm.
The Berlin Crisis of 1961 (Berlin-Krise) occurred between 4 June – 9 November 1961, and was the last major politico-military European incident of the Cold War about the occupational status of the German capital city, Berlin, and of post–World War II Germany.
A bird strike—sometimes called birdstrike, bird ingestion (for an engine), bird hit, or bird aircraft strike hazard (BASH)—is a collision between an airborne animal (usually a bird or bat) and a manmade vehicle, especially an aircraft.
The Blackburn Buccaneer was a British carrier-borne attack aircraft designed in the 1950s for the Royal Navy (RN).
Bleed air produced by gas turbine engines is compressed air that is taken from the compressor stage of those engines, which is upstream of the fuel-burning sections.
Blown flaps, or jet flaps, are powered aerodynamic high-lift devices used on the wings of certain aircraft to improve their low-speed flight characteristics.
Bodø (Bådåddjo) is a town and a municipality in Nordland county, Norway.
Boundary layer control refers to methods of controlling the behaviour of fluid flow boundary layers.
The Canadair CF-104 Starfighter (CF-111, CL-90) was a modified version of the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter supersonic fighter aircraft built in Canada by Canadair under licence.
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant.
The Century Series is a popular name for a group of US fighter aircraft representing models designated between F-100 and F-106 which went into full production.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager (born, 1923) is a former United States Air Force officer, flying ace, and record-setting test pilot.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.
Continuous-wave radar is a type of radar system where a known stable frequency continuous wave radio energy is transmitted and then received from any reflecting objects.
A controlled flight into terrain (CFIT, usually pronounced cee-fit) is an accident in which an airworthy aircraft, under pilot control, is unintentionally flown into the ground, a mountain, a body of water or an obstacle.
The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger was an American interceptor aircraft that was built as part of the backbone of the United States Air Force's air defenses in the late 1950s.
The Convair F-106 Delta Dart was the primary all-weather interceptor aircraft of the United States Air Force from the 1960s through the 1980s.
A CubeSat (U-class spacecraft) is a type of miniaturized satellite for space research that is made up of multiples of 10×10×10 cm cubic units.
Darryl Greenamyer is an American aviator.
The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault MD.454 Mystère IV is a 1950s French fighter-bomber aircraft, the first transonic aircraft to enter service with the French Air Force.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
The Deutsche Mark ("German mark"), abbreviated "DM" or, was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later the unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.
Dornier Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer founded in Friedrichshafen in 1914 by Claude Dornier.
DR2 (DR To) is the second television channel operated by the Danish Broadcasting Corporation (DR) in Denmark.
A drogue parachute is a parachute designed to be deployed from a rapidly moving object in order to slow the object, to provide control and stability, or as a pilot parachute to deploy a larger parachute.
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
Einar K. Enevoldson (born June 15, 1932, in Seattle, Washington) is the director of the Perlan Project.
In aircraft, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military) in an emergency.
The empennage, also known as the tail or tail assembly, is a structure at the rear of an aircraft that provides stability during flight, in a way similar to the feathers on an arrow.
The English Electric Lightning is a supersonic fighter aircraft of the Cold War era.
Erich Alfred Hartmann (19 April 1922 – 20 September 1993), nicknamed "Bubi" ("The Kid") by his German comrades and the "Black Devil" by his Soviet adversaries, was a German fighter pilot during World War II and the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare.
The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.
The EWR VJ 101 was an experimental German jet fighter vertical takeoff/landing (VTOL) tiltjet aircraft.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
A final approach (also called final leg and final approach leg) is the last leg in an aircraft's approach to landing, when the aircraft is lined up with the runway and descending for landing.
In naval architecture and aerospace engineering, the fineness ratio is the ratio of the length of a body to its maximum width.
First generation jet fighters are the first attempts at creation of fighter aircraft using jet engines.
Flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given airspeed.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
A flight recorder is an electronic recording device placed in an aircraft for the purpose of facilitating the investigation of aviation accidents and incidents.
Flightglobal is an online news and information website which covers the aviation and aerospace industries.
Flyaway cost is one measure of the cost of an aircraft.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
Fokker was a Dutch aircraft manufacturer named after its founder, Anthony Fokker.
The Folland Gnat is a British compact swept-wing subsonic fighter aircraft that was developed and produced by Folland Aircraft.
Franz Josef Strauss (6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician.
Frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) is a method of transmitting radio signals by rapidly switching a carrier among many frequency channels, using a pseudorandom sequence known to both transmitter and receiver.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
A gate guardian or gate guard is a withdrawn piece of equipment, often an aircraft, armoured vehicle, artillery piece, or locomotive, mounted on a plinth and used as a static display near to and forming a symbolic display of "guarding" the main entrance to a site, especially a military base.
The Gatling gun is one of the best-known early rapid-fire spring loaded, hand cranked weapons and a forerunner of the modern machine gun.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The General Electric J79 is an axial-flow turbojet engine built for use in a variety of fighter and bomber aircraft and a supersonic cruise missile.
George Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force base located within the city limits, 8 miles northwest, of central Victorville, California, about 75 miles northeast of Los Angeles, California.
The German Air Force (German: Luftwaffe, the German-language generic term for air force) is the aerial warfare branch of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany.
The German Navy (Deutsche Marine or simply Marine—) is the navy of Germany and part of the unified Bundeswehr ("Federal Defense"), the German Armed Forces.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
The Grumman F11F-1F Super Tiger (company designation G-98J) is a single-seat fighter aircraft originally developed for the United States Navy (USN).
The Gulf of Kutch is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat, which is renowned for extreme daily tides.
Hamilton Field (Hamilton AFB) was a United States Air Force base, which was deactivated in 1973, decommissioned in 1974, and put into a caretaker status with the Air Force Reserves until 1976.
The Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet-powered fighter aircraft that was developed by Hawker Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
A hydraulic cylinder (also called a linear hydraulic motor) is a mechanical actuator that is used to give a unidirectional force through a unidirectional stroke.
Identification, friend or foe (IFF) is an identification system designed for command and control.
The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India. The conflict began following Pakistan's Operation Gibraltar, which was designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against Indian rule. India retaliated by launching a full-scale military attack on West Pakistan. The seventeen-day war caused thousands of casualties on both sides and witnessed the largest engagement of armored vehicles and the largest tank battle since World War II. Hostilities between the two countries ended after a United Nations-mandated ceasefire was declared following diplomatic intervention by the Soviet Union and the United States, and the subsequent issuance of the Tashkent Declaration. Much of the war was fought by the countries' land forces in Kashmir and along the border between India and Pakistan. This war saw the largest amassing of troops in Kashmir since the Partition of British India in 1947, a number that was overshadowed only during the 2001–2002 military standoff between India and Pakistan. Most of the battles were fought by opposing infantry and armoured units, with substantial backing from air forces, and naval operations. Many details of this war, like those of other Indo-Pakistani Wars, remain unclear. India had the upper hand over Pakistan when the ceasefire was declared. "Satisfied that it had secured a strategic and psychological victory over Pakistan by frustrating its attempt to seize Kashmir by force, when the UN resolution was passed, India accepted its terms... with Pakistan's stocks of ammunition and other essential supplies all but exhausted, and with the military balance tipping steadily in India's favour." "Losses were relatively heavy—on the Pakistani side, twenty aircraft, 200 tanks, and 3,800 troops. Pakistan's army had been able to withstand Indian pressure, but a continuation of the fighting would only have led to further losses and ultimate defeat for Pakistan." Quote: The invading Indian forces outfought their Pakistani counterparts and halted their attack on the outskirts of Lahore, Pakistan's second-largest city. By the time the United Nations intervened on 22 September, Pakistan had suffered a clear defeat. Although the two countries fought to a standoff, the conflict is seen as a strategic and political defeat for Pakistan, "... the war itself was a disaster for Pakistan, from the first failed attempts by Pakistani troops to precipitate an insurgency in Kashmir to the appearance of Indian artillery within range of Lahore International Airport." – U.S. Department of State, – Interview with Steve Coll in United States House of Representatives 12 September 1994South Asia in World Politics By Devin T. Hagerty, 2005 Rowman & Littlefield,, p. 26 as it had neither succeeded in fomenting insurrection in Kashmir "... after some initial success, the momentum behind Pakistan's thrust into Kashmir slowed, and the state's inhabitants rejected exhortations from the Pakistani insurgents to join them in taking up arms against their Indian "oppressors." Pakistan's inability to muster support from the local Kashmiri population proved a disaster, both militarily and politically." nor had it been able to gain meaningful support at an international level. "Mao had decided that China would intervene under two conditions—that India attacked East Pakistan, and that Pakistan requested Chinese intervention. In the end, neither of them obtained." Internationally, the war was viewed in the context of the greater Cold War, and resulted in a significant geopolitical shift in the subcontinent. Before the war, the United States and the United Kingdom had been major material allies of both India and Pakistan, as their primary suppliers of military hardware and foreign developmental aid. During and after the conflict, both India and Pakistan felt betrayed by the perceived lack of support by the western powers for their respective positions; those feelings of betrayal were increased with the imposition of an American and British embargo on military aid to the opposing sides. As a consequence, India and Pakistan openly developed closer relationships with the Soviet Union and China, respectively. The perceived negative stance of the western powers during the conflict, and during the 1971 war, has continued to affect relations between the West and the subcontinent. In spite of improved relations with the U.S. and Britain since the end of the Cold War, the conflict generated a deep distrust of both countries within the subcontinent which to an extent lingers to this day."In retrospect, it is clear that the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 represented a watershed in the West's association with the subcontinent.""By extending the Cold War into South Asia, however, the United States did succeed in disturbing the subcontinent's established politico-military equilibrium, undermining British influence in the region, embittering relations between India and Pakistan and, ironically, facilitating the expansion of communist influence in the developing world." "The legacy of the Johnson arms cut-off remains alive today. Indians simply do not believe that America will be there when India needs military help... the legacy of the U.S. "betrayal" still haunts U.S.-Pakistan relations today.".
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca (Dhaka) on 16 December 1971.
In aeronautics, inertia coupling is a potentially catastrophic phenomenon of high-speed flight in which the inertia of the heavier fuselage overpowers the aerodynamic stabilizing forces of the wing and empennage.
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
Inlet cones (sometimes called shock cones or inlet centerbodies) are a component of some supersonic aircraft and missiles.
An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.
The Italian Air Force (Italian: Aeronautica Militare; AM) is the aerial defence force of the Italian Republic.
Iven Carl "Kinch" Kincheloe Jr. (July 2, 1928 – July 26, 1958) was an American fighter pilot, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, and a flying ace in the Korean War.
Jacqueline Cochran (May 11, 1906 – August 9, 1980) was a pioneer in the field of American aviation and one of the most prominent racing pilots of her generation.
The (JASDF), sometimes referred to as the Japanese Air Force, is the air warfare branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and for other aerospace operations.
Johannes "Macky" Steinhoff (15 September 1913 – 21 February 1994) was a Luftwaffe fighter ace during World War II, German general, and NATO official.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Joseph Albert "Joe" Walker (February 20, 1921 – June 8, 1966) flew the world's first two spaceplane flights in 1963, thereby becoming the United States' seventh man in space.
Kalamazoo is a city in the southwest region of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Kanji (漢字) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the Japanese writing system.
Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson (February 27, 1910 – December 21, 1990) was an American aeronautical and systems engineer.
The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers.
Kinmen or Quemoy (see also "Names" section below), officially Kinmen County, is a group of islands, governed by the Republic of China (ROC), which is located just off the southeastern coast of mainland China, including Great Kinmen, Lesser Kinmen, Wuqiu and several surrounding islets.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, induced drag, vortex drag, or sometimes drag due to lift, is an aerodynamic drag force that occurs whenever a moving object redirects the airflow coming at it.
A lightning strike or lightning bolt is an electric discharge between the atmosphere and an Earth-bound object.
This is a list of military aircraft that are primarily designed for air-to-air combat and thus does not include aircraft intended for other roles where they have some secondary air-to-air capability, such as with many ground attack aircraft.
This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types.
The LN-3 inertial navigation system is an inertial navigation system (INS) that was developed in the 1960s by Litton Industries.
The Lockheed bribery scandals encompassed a series of bribes and contributions made by officials of U.S. aerospace company Lockheed from the late 1950s to the 1970s in the process of negotiating the sale of aircraft.
The Lockheed CL-1200 Lancer was a late 1960s company-funded proposal for an improved Lockheed F-104 Starfighter.
The Lockheed Martin CL-288 was a conceptual Interceptor aircraft based on the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, powered by two wing-mounted engines.
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company.
The Lockheed NF-104A was an American mixed power, high-performance, supersonic aerospace trainer that served as a low-cost astronaut training vehicle for the North American X-15 and projected Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar programs.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The Lockheed XF-104 was a single-engine, high-performance, supersonic interceptor prototype for a United States Air Force (USAF) series of lightweight and simple fighters.
The LTV A-7 Corsair II is an American carrier-capable subsonic light attack aircraft manufactured by Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) to replace the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk.
Luke Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located west of the central business district of Glendale, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States.
The M61 Vulcan is a hydraulically or pneumatically driven, six-barrel, air-cooled, electrically fired Gatling-style rotary cannon which fires 20 mm rounds at an extremely high rate (typically 6,000 rounds per minute).
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
The maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground under its own power.
The Martin-Baker Mk.7 is a British rocket-assisted ejection seat designed and built by Martin-Baker.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is an international alliance that consists of 29 member states from North America and Europe.
Wing Commander Mervyn Leslie Middlecoat (July 1940 – 12 December 1971) was a Pakistani fighter pilot in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) who was involved in a number of aerial battles during the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pakistani wars, before being shot down on 12 December 1971.
Messerschmitt AG was a German aircraft manufacturing corporation (AG) named after its chief designer Willy Messerschmitt and known primarily for its World War II fighter aircraft, in particular the Bf 109 and Me 262.
Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) was a German aerospace manufacturer formed as the result of several mergers in the late 1960s.
A mid-air collision is an aviation accident in which two or more aircraft come into unplanned contact during flight.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-15; USAF/DoD designation: Type 14; NATO reporting name: Fagot) is a jet fighter aircraft developed by Mikoyan-Gurevich for the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-19; NATO reporting name: Farmer) is a Soviet second generation, single-seat, twin jet-engined fighter aircraft.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
Missing in action (MIA) is a casualty classification assigned to combatants, military chaplains, combat medics, and prisoners of war who are reported missing during wartime or ceasefire.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
In manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes.
Moving target indication (MTI) is a mode of operation of a radar to discriminate a target against the clutter.
The Red Baron was a highly modified Lockheed F-104 Starfighter which set a FAI Class C-1 Group III 3 km speed record of, in 1977 which still stands.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.
The North American Eagle Project is a jet-powered automobile that is intended to challenge the 763 mph (Mach 1.02) land speed record set by the ThrustSSC in 1997.
The North American F-100 Super Sabre is an American supersonic jet fighter aircraft that served with the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1954 to 1971 and with the Air National Guard (ANG) until 1979.
The North American F-107 is North American Aviation's entry in a United States Air Force tactical fighter-bomber design competition of the 1950s.
The North American F-86 Sabre, sometimes called the Sabrejet, is a transonic jet fighter aircraft.
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
Northrop Corporation was a leading United States aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1939 until its 1994 merger with Grumman to form Northrop Grumman.
The Northrop F-5A and F-5B Freedom Fighter and the F-5E and F-5F Tiger II are part of a supersonic light fighter family, initially designed in the late 1950s by Northrop Corporation.
The Northrop N-102 Fang was a fighter aircraft design created by Northrop Corporation and proposed to the United States Air Force in 1953.
The Northrop T-38 Talon is a two-seat, twinjet supersonic jet trainer.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
Operation Rolling Thunder was the title of a gradual and sustained aerial bombardment campaign conducted by the U.S. 2nd Air Division (later Seventh Air Force), U.S. Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force (VNAF) against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) from 2 March 1965 until 2 November 1968, during the Vietnam War.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
PAF Museum, Karachi (پاک فضائیہ متحف) is an Air Force museum and park situated near Karsaz Flyover on Shahrah-e-Faisal in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (پاک فِضائیہ—, or alternatively پاکیستان هاوایی فوج, reporting name: PAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, tasked primarily with the aerial defence of Pakistan, with a secondary role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.
The People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) is the aerial warfare service branch of the People's Liberation Army, the armed forces of the People's Republic of China.
Philip Eldon Smith (born October 15, 1934) is a former United States Air Force fighter pilot who was held captive in China for seven and a half years.
In aerodynamics, pitch-up is a severe form of stall in an aircraft.
Popular Mechanics is a classic magazine of popular science and technology.
A propelling nozzle is a nozzle that converts a gas turbine or gas generator into a jet engine.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
The Puerto Rico Air National Guard (PR ANG) —Guardia Nacional Aérea de Puerto Rico— is the air force militia of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States of America.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
The Republic Aviation Corporation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Farmingdale, Long Island, New York.
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) is the aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
The Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor (originally designated XP-91) was a mixed-propulsion prototype interceptor aircraft, developed by Republic Aviation.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Robert Henry Lawrence Jr. (October 2, 1935 – December 8, 1967), (Major, USAF), was a United States Air Force officer and the first African-American astronaut.
A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.
The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) (Luftforsvaret) is the air force of Norway.
A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water).
The S-75 (Russian: С-75; NATO reporting name SA-2 Guideline) is a Soviet-designed, high-altitude air defence system, built around a surface-to-air missile with command guidance.
SABCA (Sociétés Anonyme Belge de Constructions Aéronautiques) is a Belgian aerospace company, controlled by Dassault Group and Fokker.
The Saunders-Roe SR.177 was a 1950s project to develop a combined jet- and rocket-powered interceptor aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) and Royal Navy.
Semi-active radar homing (SARH) is a common type of missile guidance system, perhaps the most common type for longer-range air-to-air and surface-to-air missile systems.
The Shenyang J-6 (Chinese: 歼-6; designated F-6 for export versions; NATO reporting name: "Farmer") is the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 'Farmer' fighter aircraft.
Skunk Works is an official pseudonym for Lockheed Martin's Advanced Development Programs (ADP), formerly called Lockheed Advanced Development Projects. It is responsible for a number of famous aircraft designs, including the U-2, the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, and the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, which are used in the air forces of several countries.
A sounding rocket, sometimes called a research rocket, is an instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform scientific experiments during its sub-orbital flight.
The Spanish Air Force (SPAF) (Ejército del Aire; literally, "Army of the Air") is the aerial branch of the Spanish Armed Forces.
Spatial disorientation, spatial unawareness is the inability of a person to correctly determine his/her body position in space.
Wobble, shimmy, tank-slapper, speed wobble, and even death wobble are all words and phrases used to describe a quick (4–10 Hz) oscillation of primarily just the steerable wheel(s) of a vehicle.
A spin is a special category of stall resulting in autorotation about the vertical axis and a shallow, rotating, downward path.
A stabilator, more frequently all-moving tail or all-flying tail, is a fully movable aircraft stabilizer.
Stanley Aviation is an aerospace company started by Robert M Stanley, the aviation pioneer, in Buffalo, New York in 1948.
Starfighters Inc is a civilian organization that uses F-104 for contract testing and flight simulations.
A stick pusher is a device installed in some fixed-wing aircraft to prevent the aircraft from entering an aerodynamic stall.
A stick shaker is a mechanical device to rapidly and noisily vibrate the control yoke (the "stick") of an aircraft to warn the pilot of an imminent stall.
The Sukhoi Su-15 (NATO reporting name: Flagon) was a twinjet supersonic interceptor aircraft developed by the Soviet Union.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.
Tactical Air Command (TAC) is an inactive United States Air Force organization.
A tactical air navigation system, commonly referred to by the acronym TACAN, is a navigation system used by military aircraft.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Takeoff is the phase of flight in which an aerospace vehicle or an animal goes from the ground to flying in the air.
Taktisches Luftwaffengeschwader 71 "Richthofen", formerly known as Jagdgeschwader 71 (JG 71) Richthofen is a Fighter wing of the German Air Force.
The Blond Knight of Germany is a book by the American authors Trevor J. Constable and Raymond F. Toliver dedicated to the life and career of the German fighter pilot of World War II, Erich Hartmann.
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tonopah is an unincorporated town in and the county seat of Nye County, Nevada, United States.
A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrews.
A trapezoidal wing is a straight-edged and tapered wing planform.
Trevor James Constable (17 September 1925 − 31 March 2016) was an early UFO writer who believed that the UFO phenomenon was best explained by the presence of enormous amoeba-like animals inhabiting earth's atmosphere.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
Vestfjord is a Norwegian sea area, the name literally meaning "the West fjord" called a fjord, which could be best described as a firth or an open bight of sea, between the Lofoten archipelago and the Salten district of mainland Norway.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
West Pakistan (مغربی پاکستان,; পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান) was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India.
In aerodynamics, wing loading is the total weight of an aircraft divided by the area of its wing.
The Wright J65 was an axial-flow turbojet engine produced by Curtiss-Wright under license from Armstrong Siddeley.
The zero-length launch system or zero-length take-off system (ZLL, ZLTO, ZEL, ZELL) was a system whereby jet fighters and attack aircraft were intended to be placed on short-burn duration, often solid-fuel, "dropaway" rocket booster units, deployed with mobile launch platforms.
The 151st Air Refueling Squadron (151 ARS) is a unit of the Tennessee Air National Guard 134th Air Refueling Wing located at McGhee Tyson Air National Guard Base, Knoxville, Tennessee.
The 157th Fighter Squadron (157 FS) is a unit of the South Carolina Air National Guard 169th Fighter Wing located at McEntire Joint National Guard Base, Columbia, South Carolina.
The 20 mm caliber is a specific size of cannon or autocannon ammunition.
The 435th Fighter Training Squadron is part of the 12th Flying Training Wing based at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.
The 436th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 476th Tactical Fighter Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
4Frontiers Corporation is an American space commerce company, founded in 2005.
The 83d Fighter Weapons Squadron is a United States Air Force unit, assigned to the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group.
F-104, F-104 Starfighter, F-104A Starfighter, F-104A/B Starfighter, F-104C Starfigher, F-104C/D Starfighter, F-104G, F-104G Starfighter, F104, Lockheed F-104, Lockheed F-104A Starfighter, Lockheed F-104A-10-LO, Lockheed F-104A-15-LO Starfighter, Lockheed F-104A-25-LO Starfighter, Lockheed F-104A-5-LO Starfighter, Lockheed F-104B-10-LO Starfighter, Lockheed F-104C Starfighter, Lockheed F-104D Starfighter, Lockheed F-104DJ, Lockheed F-104G, Lockheed F-104G Starfighter, Lockheed F-104J, Lockheed F-104S Starfighter, Lockheed F-l04A Starfighter, Lockheed F–104DJ, Lockheed F–104J, Lockheed JF-104A-10-LO Starfighter, Lockheed JQF-104A Starfighter, Lockheed Starfighter, Lockheed XF-104A Starfighter, Lockheed starfighter, Missile with a man in it, QF-104A Starfighter, TF-104G Starfighter, YF-104.