331 relations: Adana, Aerial photography, Aerial reconnaissance, Aerial refueling, Air Combat Command, Air Fighting Development Unit, Air Force Cross (United Kingdom), Air Force Cross (United States), Air Force Institute of Technology, Air Force Systems Command, Air Force Test Center, Airborne Science Program, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Allen Dulles, Ames Research Center, Andrew Goodpaster, Area 51, Arizona, Armstrong Flight Research Center, ASARS-2, Ashland, Nebraska, Atglen, Pennsylvania, Australia, Aviation Week, Avionics, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Banes, Cuba, Barksdale Air Force Base, Beale Air Force Base, Bell Aircraft, Bell X-16, Beriev S-13, Berlin Crisis of 1961, Bien Hoa Air Base, Big Four Conference, Black Cat Squadron, Bodø, Boeing B-47 Stratojet, Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker, Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter, Bolivia, Bomber gap, Cabin pressurization, Call of Duty: Black Ops, Call to Glory, Calspan, Canadair Sabre, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency Act, ..., Cessna 310, Chase plane, China, Chula Vista, California, Civil Air Transport, CNN, Coffin corner (aerodynamics), Cold War, Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa, Corona (satellite), Cortez, Colorado, Cosmic microwave background, Cuba, Cuban Missile Crisis, Curtis LeMay, Davis–Monthan Air Force Base, De Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter, Deadstick landing, Decompression sickness, Diplomatic correspondence, Directed-energy weapon, Director of Central Intelligence, Dollar coin (United States), Donald Rumsfeld, Edwards Air Force Base, Edwin H. Land, Eielson Air Force Base, Electronic countermeasure, Electronic warfare, English Electric Canberra, English Electric Lightning, ERAM, Fairchild Aircraft, Flameout, FLIT, Flow separation, Fort Meade, Maryland, Francis Gary Powers, Frederic Pryor, French Polynesia, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, Gansu, General Electric F118, General Electric J73, Geneva Summit (1955), George Kisevalter, Georgia (U.S. state), Geospatial intelligence, Giebelstadt Army Airfield, Glenn L. Martin Company, Glider (sailplane), Glienicke Bridge, Global Positioning System, Ground effect (aerodynamics), Guided Democracy in Indonesia, Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, Haiphong, Hanoi, Harold E. Talbott, Harold Macmillan, High-Altitude Long Endurance, Hugh Latimer Dryden, Human intelligence (intelligence gathering), Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Hypersonic speed, Imperial War Museum Duxford, Incirlik Air Base, Intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition, and reconnaissance, Intercontinental ballistic missile, Iraq War, James Gilbert Baker, James May at the Edge of Space, James Rhyne Killian, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jet aircraft, Jet fuel, Joseph F. Ware Jr., JP-7, JP-8, JPTS, Kelly Johnson (engineer), Kinmen, Kirov, Kirov Oblast, Kirtland Air Force Base, Kotlas, Kunsan Air Base, Lahore, Laughlin Air Force Base, Lee Harvey Oswald, Lionel Crabb, List of active United States military aircraft, List of intelligence gathering disciplines, List of Lockheed aircraft, List of non-carrier aircraft flown from aircraft carriers, Load factor (aeronautics), Lockheed A-12, Lockheed Corporation, Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel, Lockheed Martin RQ-3 DarkStar, Lockheed Martin SR-72, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed XF-104, Los Angeles Times, Luftwaffe, Martin B-57 Canberra, Martin Knutson, Martin RB-57D Canberra, Martin/General Dynamics RB-57F Canberra, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, McCoy Air Force Base, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Measurement and signature intelligence, Medium-range ballistic missile, Met Office, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25, Mile, Military camouflage, Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution, Moffett Federal Airfield, Moruroa, Murmansk, Museo del Aire (Cuba), Museum of Aviation (Warner Robins), Museum of the Revolution (Cuba), Myasishchev M-4, Myasishchev M-55, MythBusters, NASA, NASA Earth Science, NASA ERAST Program, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of the United States Air Force, National Reconnaissance Office, National Security Agency, NATO, Naval Air Facility Atsugi, Naval Air Station Cubi Point, Naval Air Station Key West, Negativland, Neil H. McElroy, Nikita Khrushchev, North Branch, Minnesota, North Vietnam, Northrop Grumman RQ-180, Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk, Nuclear weapon, Office of Scientific Intelligence, Office of Technical Service, Ohio, Operation Enduring Freedom, Osan Air Base, Palmdale, California, Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Patrick Air Force Base, PerkinElmer, Peshawar, Plausible deniability, Plaza Mayor, Trinidad, Cuba, Popular Mechanics, Portsmouth, Potassium cyanide, Pound (force), Pound (mass), Pratt & Whitney J57, Pratt & Whitney J75, Project Genetrix, Project RAINBOW, Pyotr Semyonovich Popov, R-7 Semyorka, Radar cross-section, RAF Akrotiri, RAF Alconbury, RAF Lakenheath, RAF Mildenhall, Rapprochement, Raytheon, Reconnaissance aircraft, Republic of China Air Force, Request for proposal, Reston, Virginia, Richard M. Bissell Jr., Richard Nixon, Richard S. Heyser, Robins Air Force Base, Rowman & Littlefield, Royal Air Force, Royal Dutch Shell, Rudolf Abel, Rudolf Anderson, Russian Far East, S-75 Dvina, Saint Paul, Minnesota, Saint Petersburg, San Cristóbal, Cuba, Saryshaghan, Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, Secret Intelligence Service, Semey, Severodvinsk, Signals intelligence, Sino-Indian War, Skunk Works, South Korea, South Vietnam, Soviet Union, Space suit, Sputnik 1, Sputnik crisis, Squadron leader, Stall (fluid mechanics), Strategic Air Command, Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum, Suez Crisis, Suicide pill, Sukarno, Surface-to-air missile, Surveillance, Synthetic-aperture radar, Tailhook, Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Technical intelligence, Texas, Thailand, The New York Times, The Pentagon, Tony LeVier, Trevor Gardner, Trimetrogon, Tupolev Tu-22, Turbofan, Turbojet, Tyuratam, U2 (EP), United States aerial reconnaissance of the Soviet Union, United States Air Force, United States Air Force Plant 42, United States Department of Defense aerospace vehicle designation, United States Department of State, United States House Committee on Armed Services, United States National Security Council, United States Navy, United States presidential election, 1956, United States Secretary of the Air Force, Ural Mountains, USA Today, USS America (CV-66), USS Ranger (CV-61), V speeds, Vietnam War, Virginia, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Westport, Connecticut, Wiesbaden, Wired (magazine), World War II, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Yakovlev Yak-25, Yaw string, Yekaterinburg, 1 Canadian Air Division, 100th Air Refueling Wing, 17th Training Wing, 1958 Lebanon crisis, 1959 Tibetan uprising, 1960 U-2 incident, 1st Reconnaissance Squadron, 2011 military intervention in Libya, 363d Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing, 380th Air Expeditionary Wing, 4080th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, 557th Weather Wing, 5th Reconnaissance Squadron, 95th Reconnaissance Squadron, 99th Reconnaissance Squadron, 9th Reconnaissance Wing. 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Adana (Ադանա) is a major city in southern Turkey.
Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object.
Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft.
Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.
Air Combat Command (ACC) is one of ten Major Commands (MAJCOMs) in the United States Air Force, reporting to Headquarters, United States Air Force (HAF) at the Pentagon.
The Air Fighting Development Unit (AFDU) was an air technical intelligence part of the Royal Air Force which developed operational tactics and tested captured enemy aircraft.
The Air Force Cross (AFC) is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom Armed Forces, and formerly also to officers of the other Commonwealth countries, for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying, though not in active operations against the enemy".
The Air Force Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Air Force.
The Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) is a graduate school and provider of professional and continuing education for the United States Armed Forces and is part of the United States Air Force.
The Air Force Systems Command (AFSC) is an inactive United States Air Force Major Command.
The Air Force Test Center (AFTC) is a development and test organization of the United States Air Force.
NASA's Airborne Science Program is administered from the NASA Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center, in Edwards, California.
Albuquerque (Beeʼeldííl Dahsinil; Arawageeki; Vakêêke; Gołgéeki) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico.
Allen Welsh Dulles (April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969) was an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), and its longest-serving director to date.
Ames Research Center (ARC), also known as NASA Ames, is a major NASA research center at Moffett Federal Airfield in California's Silicon Valley.
Andrew Jackson Goodpaster (February 12, 1915 – May 16, 2005) was an American Army General.
The United States Air Force facility commonly known as Area 51 is a highly classified remote detachment of Edwards Air Force Base, within the Nevada Test and Training Range.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
The NASA, Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) is an aeronautical research center operated by NASA.
ASARS-2 is the Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar System carried on some variants of the Lockheed U-2 reconnaissance aircraft.
Ashland is a city in Saunders County, Nebraska, United States.
Atglen is a borough in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Aviation Week Network is a New-York based B2B publishing and event production company.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
Baikonur Cosmodrome (translit; translit) is a spaceport located in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia.
Banes is a municipality and city in the Holguín Province of Cuba.
Barksdale Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base in northwest Louisiana, USA, in Bossier Parish, and is contiguous to Bossier City, Louisiana along the base's western and northwestern edge.
Beale Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately east of Marysville, California.
The Bell Aircraft Corporation was an aircraft manufacturer of the United States, a builder of several types of fighter aircraft for World War II but most famous for the Bell X-1, the first supersonic aircraft, and for the development and production of many important civilian and military helicopters.
The Bell X-16 was a high altitude reconnaissance jet aircraft designed in the United States in the 1950s.
The Beriev S-13 was a Soviet reverse-engineered copy of the Lockheed U-2C, developed in the Soviet Union in the early 1960s.
The Berlin Crisis of 1961 (Berlin-Krise) occurred between 4 June – 9 November 1961, and was the last major politico-military European incident of the Cold War about the occupational status of the German capital city, Berlin, and of post–World War II Germany.
Bien Hoa Air Base is a Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) (Không quân Nhân dân Việt Nam) military airfield located in South-Central southern Vietnam about from Saigon near the city of Biên Hòa within Đồng Nai Province.
The term Big Four Conference may refer to one of several conferences between heads of state or foreign ministers of the victorious nations after World War I (1914–18) or during and after World War II (1939–45).
The Black Cat Squadron (not to be confused with Black Bat Squadron), formally the 35th Squadron, was a squadron of the Republic of China Air Force that flew the U-2 surveillance plane out of Taoyuan Air Base in northern Taiwan, from 1961 to 1974.
Bodø (Bådåddjo) is a town and a municipality in Nordland county, Norway.
The Boeing B-47 Stratojet (company Model 450) is an American long range, six-engine, turbojet-powered strategic bomber designed to fly at high subsonic speed and at high altitude to avoid enemy interceptor aircraft.
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is an American long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber.
The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is a military aerial refueling aircraft.
The Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter is a United States strategic tanker aircraft based on the Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
The bomber gap was the Cold War belief that the Soviet Union's Long Range Aviation department had gained an advantage in deploying jet-powered strategic bombers.
Cabin pressurization is a process in which conditioned air is pumped into the cabin of an aircraft or spacecraft, in order to create a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and crew flying at high altitudes.
Call of Duty: Black Ops is a first-person shooter video game, developed by Treyarch and published by Activision.
Call to Glory was an American drama that aired for 22 episodes during the 1984–1985 TV season (specifically from August 1984 to February 1985) on the The show focused on USAF pilot Colonel Raynor Sarnac (Craig T. Nelson) and his family, living near Edwards Air Force Base, where Sarnac was stationed during the early 1960s.
Calspan Corporation is a science and technology company founded in 1943 as part of the Research Laboratory of the Curtiss-Wright Airplane Division at Buffalo, New York.
The Canadair Sabre was a jet fighter aircraft built by Canadair under licence from North American Aviation.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Central Intelligence Agency Act,, is a United States federal law enacted in 1949.
The Cessna 310 is an American four-to-six-seat, low-wing, twin-engined monoplane produced by Cessna between 1954 and 1980.
A chase plane is an aircraft that "chases" a "subject" aircraft, spacecraft or rocket, for the purposes of making real-time observations and taking air-to-air photographs and video of the "subject aircraft", during flight.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chula Vista (beautiful view) is the second largest city in the San Diego metropolitan area, the seventh largest city in Southern California, the fourteenth largest city in the state of California, and the 74th-largest city in the United States.
Civil Air Transport (CAT) was a Nationalist Chinese airline, later owned by the CIA, that supported United States covert operations throughout East and Southeast Asia.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
Coffin corner (also known as the aerodynamic ceiling or Q corner) is the region of flight where a fast fixed-wing aircraft's stall speed is near the critical Mach number, at a given gross weight and G-force loading.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) is a joint task force of United States Africa Command (AFRICOM).
The Corona program was a series of American strategic reconnaissance satellites produced and operated by the Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Science & Technology with substantial assistance from the U.S. Air Force.
The City of Cortez is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Montezuma County, Colorado, United States.
The cosmic microwave background (CMB, CMBR) is electromagnetic radiation as a remnant from an early stage of the universe in Big Bang cosmology.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962 (Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.
Curtis LeMay (November 15, 1906 – October 1, 1990) was a general in the United States Air Force and the vice presidential running mate of American Independent Party candidate George Wallace in the 1968 presidential election.
Davis–Monthan Air Force Base (DM AFB) is a United States Air Force base located within the city limits approximately south-southeast of downtown Tucson, Arizona.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter is a single-engined, high-wing, propeller-driven, short take-off and landing (STOL) aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada.
A deadstick landing, also called a dead-stick landing, is a type of forced landing when an aircraft loses all of its propulsive power and is forced to land.
Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends, aerobullosis, or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.
Diplomatic correspondence is correspondence between one state and another, usually – though not exclusively – of a formal character.
A directed-energy weapon (DEW) is a ranged weapon system that inflicts damage at a target by emission of highly focused energy, including laser, microwaves and particle beams.
The Office of United States Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) was the head of the American Central Intelligence Agency from 1946 to 2005, acting as the principal intelligence advisor to the President of the United States and the United States National Security Council, as well as the coordinator of intelligence activities among and between the various U.S. intelligence agencies (collectively known as the Intelligence Community from 1981 onwards).
The dollar coin is a United States coin worth one United States dollar.
Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a retired American political figure and businessman.
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
Edwin Herbert Land, ForMemRS, FRPS, Hon.MRI (May 7, 1909 – March 1, 1991) was an American scientist and inventor, best known as the co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation.
Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Fairbanks, Alaska and just southeast of Moose Creek, Alaska.
An electronic countermeasure (ECM) is an electrical or electronic device designed to trick or deceive radar, sonar or other detection systems, like infrared (IR) or lasers.
Electronic warfare (EW) is any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack of an enemy, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum.
The English Electric Canberra is a British first-generation jet-powered medium bomber that was manufactured during the 1950s.
The English Electric Lightning is a supersonic fighter aircraft of the Cold War era.
ERAM (En Route Automation Modernization) is an FAA Air Traffic Control system designed to "allow faster processing of route requests and in flight route changes".
Fairchild was an American aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York; Hagerstown, Maryland; and San Antonio, Texas.
In aviation a flameout refers to the run-down of a jet engine caused by the extinction of the flame in the combustion chamber.
FLIT is the brand name for an insecticide.
All solid objects traveling through a fluid (or alternatively a stationary object exposed to a moving fluid) acquire a boundary layer of fluid around them where viscous forces occur in the layer of fluid close to the solid surface.
Fort Meade is a census-designated place (CDP) in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States.
Francis Gary Powers (August 17, 1929 – August 1, 1977)—often referred to as simply Gary Powers—was an American pilot whose Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) U-2 spy plane was shot down while flying a reconnaissance mission in Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident.
Frederic L. Pryor (born 1933) is an American Senior Research Scholar of Economics at Swarthmore College, widely known for his role in a noted Cold War spy-swap subsequent to the 1960 U-2 incident.
French Polynesia (Polynésie française; Pōrīnetia Farāni) is an overseas collectivity of the French Republic; collectivité d'outre-mer de la République française (COM), sometimes unofficially referred to as an overseas country; pays d'outre-mer (POM).
The was an energy accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Ōkuma, Fukushima Prefecture, initiated primarily by the tsunami following the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 March 2011.
Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
The General Electric F118 is a non-afterburning turbofan engine produced by GE Aviation, and is derived from the General Electric F110 afterburning turbofan.
The General Electric J73 turbojet was developed by General Electric from the earlier J47 engine.
The Geneva Summit of 1955 was a Cold War-era meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.
George Kisevalter (4 April 1910 – October 1997) was an American operations officer of the CIA, who handled Major Pyotr Popov, the first Soviet GRU officer run by the CIA, and Colonel Oleg Penkovsky.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
In the United States, Geospatial intelligence, GEOINT (GEOspatial INTelligence) is intelligence about the human activity on earth derived from the exploitation and analysis of imagery and geospatial information that describes, assesses, and visually depicts physical features and geographically referenced activities on the Earth.
Giebelstadt Army Airfield was a closed military airfield located in Germany southwest of Giebelstadt (Bavaria); approximately 250 miles southwest of Berlin.
The Glenn L. Martin Company was an American aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company founded by aviation pioneer Glenn L. Martin.
A glider or sailplane is a type of glider aircraft used in the leisure activity and sport of gliding.
The Glienicke Bridge (Glienicker Brücke) is a bridge across the Havel River in Germany, connecting the Wannsee district of Berlin with the Brandenburg capital Potsdam.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
In fixed-wing aircraft, ground effect is the increased lift (force) and decreased aerodynamic drag that an aircraft's wings generate when they are close to a fixed surface.
Guided Democracy (Demokrasi Terpimpin) was the political system in place in Indonesia from 1957 until the New Order began in 1966.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution or the Southeast Asia Resolution,, was a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
Haiphong (Hải Phòng) is a major industrial city, the second largest city in the northern part of Vietnam, and third largest city overall in Vietnam.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
Harold Elstner Talbott, Jr. (March 31, 1888 – March 2, 1957) was the third United States Secretary of the Air Force.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
High-Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) is the description of an air-borne vehicle which functions optimally at high-altitude and is capable of flights which last for considerable periods of time without recourse to landing.
Hugh Latimer Dryden (July 2, 1898 – December 2, 1965) was an American aeronautical scientist and civil servant.
Human intelligence (frequently abbreviated HUMINT and sometimes pronounced as hyoo-mint) is intelligence gathered by means of interpersonal contact, as opposed to the more technical intelligence gathering disciplines such as signals intelligence (SIGINT), imagery intelligence (IMINT) and measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT).
The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, or Hungarian Uprising of 1956 (1956-os forradalom or 1956-os felkelés), was a nationwide revolt against the Marxist-Leninist government of the Hungarian People's Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until 10 November 1956.
In aerodynamics, a hypersonic speed is one that is highly supersonic.
Imperial War Museum Duxford is a branch of the Imperial War Museum near Duxford in Cambridgeshire, England.
Incirlik Air Base (İncirlik Hava Üssü) is a Turkish air base of slightly more than 3320 ac (1335 ha), located in the İncirlik quarter of the city of Adana, Turkey.
ISTAR stands for intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition, and reconnaissance.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
James Gilbert Baker (November 11, 1914 – June 29, 2005) was an American astronomer and designer of optics systems.
James May at the Edge of Space is a British documentary in which television presenter James May came close to fulfilling his lifelong dream to be an astronaut by flying to the stratosphere in a Lockheed U-2 spy plane.
James Rhyne Killian Jr. (July 24, 1904 – January 29, 1988) was the 10th president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from 1948 until 1959.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).
Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.
Joseph Fulton "Joe" Ware Jr. (November 8, 1916 – April 23, 2012) was a flight test engineer at Clarence "Kelly" Johnson's famed Skunk Works in the Lockheed Corporation on the first two Air Force One's, the U-2, the SR-71 Blackbird, and many others from World War II and the Cold War, becoming Department Manager of Engineering Flight Test.
Turbine Fuel, Low Volatility, JP-7, commonly known as JP-7, was referred to as Jet Propellant 7, to MIL-DTL-38219 is a specific jet fuel that was developed for the United States Air Force (USAF), for use in its supersonic military aircraft that required a jet fuel with a high flash point, and high thermal stability.
JP-8, or JP8 (for "Jet Propellant 8") is a jet fuel, specified and used widely by the US military.
JPTS stands for Jet Propellant Thermally Stable (high thermal stability, high altitude fuel), and was created specifically as fuel for the Lockheed U-2 reconnaissance aircraft.
Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson (February 27, 1910 – December 21, 1990) was an American aeronautical and systems engineer.
Kinmen or Quemoy (see also "Names" section below), officially Kinmen County, is a group of islands, governed by the Republic of China (ROC), which is located just off the southeastern coast of mainland China, including Great Kinmen, Lesser Kinmen, Wuqiu and several surrounding islets.
Kirov (p), formerly known as Vyatka (Вя́тка) and Khlynov (Хлы́нов), is a city and the administrative center of Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyatka River.
Kirtland Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located in the southeast quadrant of the Albuquerque, New Mexico urban area, adjacent to the Albuquerque International Sunport.
Kotlas (Ко́тлас) is a town in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Northern Dvina and Vychegda Rivers.
Kunsan K-8 Air Base is a United States Air Force base located at Gunsan Airport, which is on the west coast of the South Korean peninsula bordered by the Yellow Sea.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
Laughlin Air Force Base is a facility of the United States Air Force located in Del Rio, Texas.
Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was a Marxist and ex-Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Lionel Kenneth Phillip Crabb, (28 January 1909 – presumed dead 19 April 1956), known as Buster Crabb, was a Royal Navy frogman and MI6 diver who vanished during a reconnaissance mission around a Soviet cruiser berthed at Portsmouth Dockyard in 1956.
Active United States military aircraft is a list of military aircraft that are used by the United States military.
This is a list of intelligence gathering disciplines.
This is a list of aircraft produced or proposed by the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation from its founding as the Lockheed Aircraft Company in 1926 to its merging with Martin Marietta to form the Lockheed Martin Corporation in 1995.
The list of non-carrier aircraft flown from aircraft carriers includes aircraft not designed for carrier operations that have landed or taken off from carrier decks but excludes helicopters and aircraft that were only transported by aircraft carriers.
In aeronautics, the load factor is defined as the ratio of the lift of an aircraft to its weightHurt, page 37 and represents a global measure of the stress ("load") to which the structure of the aircraft is subjected: where: Since the load factor is the ratio of two forces, it is dimensionless.
The Lockheed A-12 was a reconnaissance aircraft built for the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by Lockheed's Skunk Works, based on the designs of Clarence "Kelly" Johnson.
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company.
The Lockheed Martin RQ-170 Sentinel is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by Lockheed Martin and operated by the United States Air Force for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The RQ-3 DarkStar (known as Tier III- or "Tier three minus" during development) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).
The Lockheed Martin SR-72 is a conceptualized hypersonic UAV intended for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance proposed by American company Lockheed Martin to succeed the retired Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.
The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the first jet fighter used operationally by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF).
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
The Lockheed XF-104 was a single-engine, high-performance, supersonic interceptor prototype for a United States Air Force (USAF) series of lightweight and simple fighters.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The Martin B-57 Canberra is an American-built, twinjet tactical bomber and reconnaissance aircraft that entered service with the United States Air Force (USAF) in 1953.
Martin A. "Marty" Knutson (1930 - December 11, 2013) served as Director of Flight Operations for NASA's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field, CA, and also as site manager of the Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility at Edwards Air Force Base in CA, at that time a satellite facility of Ames, from May 1984 through late 1990.
The Martin RB-57D Canberra was a specialized high-altitude strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Martin B-57 Canberra tactical bomber, a licence-built version of the English Electric Canberra.
The Martin/General Dynamics RB-57F Canberra is a specialized strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed in the 1960s for the United States Air Force by General Dynamics from the Martin B-57 Canberra tactical bomber, which itself was a license-built version of the English Electric Canberra.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
McCoy AFB (1940–1947, 1951–1975) is a former U.S. Air Force installation located 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Orlando, Florida.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
Measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) is a technical branch of intelligence gathering, which serves to detect, track, identify or describe the signatures (distinctive characteristics) of fixed or dynamic target sources.
A medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) is a type of ballistic missile with medium range, this last classification depending on the standards of certain organizations.
The Met Office (officially the Meteorological Office) is the United Kingdom's national weather service.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-17; NATO reporting name: Fresco) is a high-subsonic fighter aircraft produced in the USSR from 1952 and operated by numerous air forces in many variants.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-19; NATO reporting name: Farmer) is a Soviet second generation, single-seat, twin jet-engined fighter aircraft.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-25; NATO reporting name: Foxbat) is a supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft that was among the fastest military aircraft to enter service.
The mile is an English unit of length of linear measure equal to 5,280 feet, or 1,760 yards, and standardised as exactly 1,609.344 metres by international agreement in 1959.
Military camouflage is the use of camouflage by a military force to protect personnel and equipment from observation by enemy forces.
Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution or China People's Revolution Military Museum is located in Haidian District, Beijing, China.
Moffett Federal Airfield, also known as Moffett Field, is a joint civil-military airport located in an unincorporated part of Santa Clara County between northern Mountain View and northern Sunnyvale, California.
Moruroa (Mururoa, Mururura), also historically known as Aopuni, is an atoll which forms part of the Tuamotu Archipelago in French Polynesia in the southern Pacific Ocean.
Murmansk (p; Мурман ланнҍ; Murmánska; Muurman) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia.
The Museo del Aire was a national aviation museum located in the south-western suburbs of Havana, Cuba.
The Museum of Aviation is the second-largest aerospace museum of the United States Air Force.
The Museum of the Revolution (Museo de la Revolución) is a museum located in the Old Havana section of Havana, Cuba.
The Myasishchev M-4 Molot (Молот (Hammer), USAF/DoD reporting name "Type 37", NATO reporting name Bison) is a four-engined strategic bomber designed by Myasishchev and manufactured by the Soviet Union in the 1950s to provide a Long Range Aviation bomber capable of attacking targets in North America.
The Myasishchev M-55 (NATO reporting name: Mystic-B) is a high-altitude geophysical research aircraft developed by OKB Myasishchev in the Soviet Union, similar in mission to the Lockheed ER-2, but with a twin boom fuselage and tail surface design.
MythBusters is an Australian-American science entertainment television program created by Peter Rees and produced by Australia's Beyond Television Productions.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
NASA Earth Science, formerly called the NASA Earth Science Enterprise (ESE), formerly called Mission To Planet Earth (MTPE), is a NASA research program "to develop a scientific understanding of the Earth system and its response to natural and human-induced changes to enable improved prediction of climate, weather, and natural hazards for present and future generations".
The Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology, or ERAST program was a NASA program to develop cost-effective, slow-flying unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that can perform long-duration science missions at altitudes above 60,000 feet.
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is a member of the United States Intelligence Community and an agency of the United States Department of Defense.
The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
is a naval air base located in the cities of Yamato and Ayase in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
U.S. Naval Air Station Cubi Point was a United States Navy aerial facility located at the edge of Naval Base Subic Bay and abutting the Bataan Peninsula in the Republic of the Philippines.
*Not to be confused with Key West International Airport Naval Air Station Key West, is a naval air station and military airport located on Boca Chica Key, four miles (6 km) east of the central business district of Key West, Florida, United States.
Negativland is an American experimental music band which originated in the San Francisco Bay Area in the late 1970s.
Neil Hosler McElroy (October 30, 1904 – November 30, 1972) was United States Secretary of Defense from 1957 to 1959 under President Eisenhower.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
North Branch is a city in Chisago County, Minnesota, United States, located at the junction of Interstate 35 and Minnesota State Highway 95.
North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), was a country in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1976, although it did not achieve widespread recognition until 1954.
The Northrop Grumman RQ-180 is an American stealth unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) surveillance aircraft intended for contested airspace which has been described in several news articles and confirmed by the U.S. Air Force.
The Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk is an unmanned (UAV) surveillance aircraft.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) also known as Scientific Intelligence Division was a department of the Central Intelligence Agency.
The Office of Technical Service (OTS; formerly known as the Technical Services Division and Technical Services Staff) is a component of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, responsible for supporting CIA's clandestine operations with gadgets, disguises, forgeries, secret writings, and weapons.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) is the official name used by the U.S. government for the Global War on Terrorism.
Osan Air Base (K-55; 오산공군기지; Hanja: 烏山空軍基地), is a United States Air Force base located near Songtan Station in the city of Pyeongtaek, South Korea, south of Seoul.
Palmdale is a city in the center of northern Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California.
The Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT) is the abbreviated name of the 1963 Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water, which prohibited all test detonations of nuclear weapons except for those conducted underground.
Patrick Air Force Base is a United States Air Force installation located between Satellite Beach and Cocoa Beach, in Brevard County, Florida, in the United States.
PerkinElmer, Inc., is an American multinational corporation focused in the business areas of human and environmental health, including: environmental analysis, food and consumer product safety, medical imaging, drug discovery, diagnostics, biotechnology, industrial applications, and life science research.
Peshawar (پېښور; پشاور; پشور) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Plausible deniability is the ability of people (typically senior officials in a formal or informal chain of command) to deny knowledge of or responsibility for any damnable actions committed by others in an organizational hierarchy because of a lack of evidence that can confirm their participation, even if they were personally involved in or at least willfully ignorant of the actions.
The Plaza Mayor in Trinidad, Cuba, is the historic centre of the town, declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988.
Popular Mechanics is a classic magazine of popular science and technology.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.
Potassium cyanide is a compound with the formula KCN.
The pound-force (symbol: lbf, sometimes lbf) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement including English Engineering units and the British Gravitational System.
The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
The Pratt & Whitney J57 (company designation: JT3C) is an axial-flow turbojet engine developed by Pratt & Whitney in the early 1950s.
The Pratt & Whitney J75 (company designation: JT4A) was an axial-flow turbojet engine first flown in 1955.
Project Genetrix, also known as WS-119L, was a United States Air Force program designed to launch General Mills manufactured surveillance balloons over Communist China, Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union to take aerial photographs and collect intelligence.
Project RAINBOW was the name given by the CIA to a research project aimed at reducing the radar cross-section of the Lockheed U-2 and lowering the chance that it would be detected and tracked by Soviet radars during its overflights of the USSR.
Pyotr Semyonovich Popov (July 1923 - 1960) was a major in the Soviet military intelligence apparatus (GRU).
The R-7 (Р-7 "Семёрка") was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile.
Radar cross-section (RCS) is a measure of how detectable an object is by radar.
Royal Air Force Akrotiri or more simply RAF Akrotiri is a large Royal Air Force station, on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus.
Royal Air Force Alconbury or more simply RAF Alconbury is an active Royal Air Force station in Huntingdon, England.
Royal Air Force Lakenheath or RAF Lakenheath is a Royal Air Force station near the town of Lakenheath in Suffolk, England, north-east of Mildenhall and west of Thetford.
Royal Air Force Mildenhall, more commonly known as RAF Mildenhall, is a Royal Air Force (RAF) station located near Mildenhall in Suffolk, England. Despite its status as a Royal Air Force station, it primarily supports United States Air Force (USAF) operations, and is currently the home of the 100th Air Refueling Wing (100 ARW). On 8 January 2015, the United States Department of Defense announced that operations at RAF Mildenhall would end (along with those at RAF Molesworth and RAF Alconbury), and be relocated to Germany (Spangdahlem Air Base) and also elsewhere within the UK. On 18 January 2016, the British Ministry of Defence announced that the site is to be sold.
In international relations, a rapprochement, which comes from the French word rapprocher ("to bring together"), is a re-establishment of cordial relations, as between two countries.
The Raytheon Company is a major U.S. defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics.
A reconnaissance aircraft is a military aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance.
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) is the aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
A request for proposal (RFP) is a document that solicits proposal, often made through a bidding process, by an agency or company interested in procurement of a commodity, service, or valuable asset, to potential suppliers to submit business proposals.
Reston is one of the leading "New Town" planned communities in the United States.
Richard Mervin Bissell Jr. (September 18, 1909 – February 7, 1994) was a Central Intelligence Agency officer responsible for major projects such as the U-2 spy plane and the Bay of Pigs Invasion.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Richard S. Heyser (3 April 1927 – 6 October 2008), lieutenant colonel, USAF (Retired), was a pilot in the United States Air Force whose photographs revealed Soviet medium-range ballistic missiles in Cuba, precipitating the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962.
Robins Air Force Base is a major United States Air Force installation located in Houston County, Georgia, United States.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.
Rudolf Ivanovich Abel (Рудо́льф Ива́нович А́бель), real name Vilyam "Willie" Genrikhovich Fisher (Ви́льям "Ви́лли" Ге́нрихович Фи́шер; 11 July 1903 – 15 November 1971) was a Soviet intelligence officer.
Rudolf Anderson Jr. (September 15, 1927 – October 27, 1962), was a pilot and commissioned officer in the United States Air Force and the first recipient of the Air Force Cross, the U.S. Air Force's second-highest award for heroism.
The Russian Far East (p) comprises the Russian part of the Far East - the extreme eastern territory of Russia, between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean.
The S-75 (Russian: С-75; NATO reporting name SA-2 Guideline) is a Soviet-designed, high-altitude air defence system, built around a surface-to-air missile with command guidance.
Saint Paul (abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
San Cristóbal is a municipality and city in the Artemisa Province of Cuba.
Saryshaghan is a town in Kazakhstan located on the coast of Lake Balkhash at Latitude (DMS): 46° 7' 9 N Longitude (DMS): 73° 37' 9 E in Karaganda Region.
The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, also called the 1958 Taiwan Strait Crisis, was a conflict that took place between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) in which the PRC shelled the islands of Kinmen and the nearby Matsu Islands along the east coast of the PRC (in the Taiwan Strait) to "liberate" Taiwan from the Chinese Nationalist Party, also called Kuomintang (KMT), and probe the extent of the United States defense of Taiwan's territory.
The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the foreign intelligence service of the government of the United Kingdom, tasked mainly with the covert overseas collection and analysis of human intelligence (HUMINT) in support of the UK's national security.
Semey (Semeı, Семей), until 2007 known as Semipalatinsk (Semıpalatinsk, Семипалатинск) and in 1917–1920 as Alash-kala (Алаш-қала, Alash-qala), is a city in Kazakhstan, in East Kazakhstan Region, and in the Kazakhstani part of Siberia, near the border with Russia, around north of Almaty, and southeast of the Russian city of Omsk, along the Irtysh River.
Severodvinsk (p) is a city in the north of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, located in the delta of the Northern Dvina River, west of Arkhangelsk, the administrative center of the oblast.
Signals intelligence (SIGINT) is intelligence-gathering by interception of signals, whether communications between people (communications intelligence—abbreviated to COMINT) or from electronic signals not directly used in communication (electronic intelligence—abbreviated to ELINT).
The Sino-Indian War (भारत-चीन युद्ध Bhārat-Chīn Yuddh), also known as the Sino-Indian Border Conflict, was a war between China and India that occurred in 1962.
Skunk Works is an official pseudonym for Lockheed Martin's Advanced Development Programs (ADP), formerly called Lockheed Advanced Development Projects. It is responsible for a number of famous aircraft designs, including the U-2, the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, and the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, which are used in the air forces of several countries.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A space suit is a garment worn to keep a human alive in the harsh environment of outer space, vacuum and temperature extremes.
Sputnik 1 (or; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite.
The Sputnik crisis was a period of public fear and anxiety in Western nations about the perceived technological gap between the United States and Soviet Union caused by the Soviets' launch of Sputnik 1, the world's first artificial satellite.
Squadron leader (Sqn Ldr in the RAF; SQNLDR in the RAAF and RNZAF; formerly sometimes S/L in all services) is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
Strategic Air Command (SAC) was both a Department of Defense Specified Command and a United States Air Force (USAF) Major Command (MAJCOM), responsible for Cold War command and control of two of the three components of the U.S. military's strategic nuclear strike forces, the so-called "nuclear triad," with SAC having control of land-based strategic bomber aircraft and intercontinental ballistic missiles or ICBMs (the third leg of the triad being submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM) of the U.S. Navy).
The Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum is a museum focusing on aircraft and nuclear missiles of the United States Air Force.
The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression (in the Arab world) and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War (in Israel),Also named: Suez Canal Crisis, Suez War, Suez–Sinai war, Suez Campaign, Sinai Campaign, Operation Musketeer (أزمة السويس /‎ العدوان الثلاثي, "Suez Crisis"/ "the Tripartite Aggression"; Crise du canal de Suez; מבצע קדש "Operation Kadesh", or מלחמת סיני, "Sinai War") was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.
A suicide pill (also known as the cyanide pill, kill-pill, lethal pill, Death-pill, or L-pill) is a pill, capsule, ampoule, or tablet containing a fatally poisonous substance that a person ingests deliberately in order to quickly commit suicide.
Sukarno (born Kusno Sosrodihardjo; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.
Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is a form of radar that is used to create two- or three-dimensional images of objects, such as landscapes.
A tailhook, arresting hook, or arrester hook is a device attached to the empennage (rear) of some military fixed-wing aircraft.
Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base (TRTAFB) is a Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) facility in central Thailand, approximately 144 miles (240 km) northwest of Bangkok in Takhli District, Nakhon Sawan Province.
In a pure military context, Technical Intelligence (TECHINT) is intelligence about weapons and equipment used by the armed forces of foreign nations (often referred to as foreign material).The related term, scientific and technical intelligence, addresses information collected at the strategic (i.e., national) level.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.
Anthony W. "Tony" LeVier (February 14, 1913 – February 6, 1998) was an air racer and test pilot for the Lockheed Corporation from the 1940s to the 1970s.
Trevor Gardner (24 August 1915 - 28 September 1963) was Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Air Force for Research and Development during the early 1950s.
Trimetrogon is an aerial photographic survey involves the use of three cameras in one assembly.
The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name: Blinder) was the first supersonic bomber to enter production in the Soviet Union.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
Tyuratam (Төретам, (Töretam); Тюратам, (Tyuratam)) is a station on the main Moscow to Tashkent railway, located in Kazakhstan.
U2 is a withdrawn EP by the experimental music and sound collage band Negativland, released in 1991.
Between 1946 and 1960, the United States Air Force conducted aerial reconnaissance flights over the Soviet Union in order to determine the size, composition, and disposition of Soviet forces.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
United States Air Force Plant 42 (Plant 42) is a classified United States Government aircraft manufacturing plant, used by the United States Air Force.
A United States Department of Defense aerospace vehicle designation is determined by a detailed protocol which identifies all aircraft, helicopters, rockets, missiles, spacecraft, and other aerial vehicles in military use by the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The U.S. House Committee on Armed Services, commonly known as the House Armed Services Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The White House National Security Council (NSC) is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for consideration of national security, military matters, and foreign policy matters with senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials and is part of the executive office of the president of the United States.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1956 was the 43rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1956.
The Secretary of the Air Force (SecAF, or SAF/OS) is the head of the Department of the Air Force, a component organization within the Department of Defense of the United States.
The Ural Mountains (p), or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
USS America (CVA/CV-66) was one of three supercarriers built for the United States Navy in the 1960s.
The seventh USS Ranger (CV/CVA-61) was one of four ''Forrestal''-class supercarriers built for the United States Navy in the 1950s.
In aviation, V-speeds are standard terms used to define airspeeds important or useful to the operation of all aircraft.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
Westport is an affluent town located in Connecticut, along Long Island Sound within Connecticut's Gold Coast in Fairfield County, Connecticut.
Wiesbaden is a city in central western Germany and the capital of the federal state of Hesse.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.
The Yakovlev Yak-25 (NATO designation Flashlight-A/Mandrake) was a swept wing, turbojet-powered interceptor aircraft and reconnaissance aircraft built by Yakovlev and used by the Soviet Union.
The yaw string, also known as a slip string, is a simple device for indicating a slip or skid in an aircraft in flight.
Yekaterinburg (p), alternatively romanized Ekaterinburg, is the fourth-largest city in Russia and the administrative centre of Sverdlovsk Oblast, located on the Iset River east of the Ural Mountains, in the middle of the Eurasian continent, at the boundary between Asia and Europe.
1 Canadian Air Division (1 Cdn Air Div) (French: 1re Division aérienne du Canada) is the operational-level command and control formation of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
The 100th Air Refueling Wing (100 ARW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Third Air Force, United States Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa.
The 17th Training Wing (17 TRW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Education and Training Command Second Air Force.
The 1958 Lebanon crisis was a Lebanese political crisis caused by political and religious tensions in the country that included a U.S. military intervention.
The 1959 Tibetan uprising or the 1959 Tibetan rebellion began on 10 March 1959, when a revolt erupted in Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Area, which had been under the effective control of the People's Republic of China since the Seventeen Point Agreement was reached in 1951.
On 1 May 1960, a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down by the Soviet Air Defence Forces while performing photographic aerial reconnaissance deep into Soviet territory.
The 1st Reconnaissance Squadron (1 RS) is a United States Air Force squadron, assigned to the 9th Operations Group, Beale Air Force Base, California.
On 19 March 2011, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya, ostensibly to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973.
The 363d Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing (363 ISRW) is a United States Air Force unit.
The 380th Air Expeditionary Wing (380 AEW) is a provisional unit of the United States Air Force Air Combat Command (ACC).
The 4080th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing is a discontinued United States Air Force (USAF) wing last assigned to the 12th Strategic Aerospace Division of Strategic Air Command (SAC) at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona.
The 557th Weather Wing is a United States Air Force formation and its lead military meteorology center.
The 5th Reconnaissance Squadron (5 RS) is part of the 9th Reconnaissance Wing, assigned to Beale Air Force Base, California.
The 95th Reconnaissance Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 99th Reconnaissance Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 9th Reconnaissance Wing (9 RW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Twenty-Fifth Air Force.
AQUATONE, Aquatone, CL-282, CL-282 Aquatone, CL282, CL282 Aquatone, Dragonlady, Lockeed U-2R, Lockeed U2, Lockheed CL-282, Lockheed CL282, Lockheed ER-2, Lockheed ER2, Lockheed TR-1, Lockheed TR-1A, Lockheed TR1, Lockheed TU-2S, Lockheed U-2 Dragon Lady, Lockheed U-2A, Lockheed U-2C, Lockheed U-2D, Lockheed U-2F, Lockheed U-2G, Lockheed U-2R, Lockheed U-2S, Lockheed U2, Lockheed u-2, OILSTONE, Project AQUATONE, Project Aquatone, Senior Blade, Senior Glass, Senior Jump, Senior Lance, Senior Ruby, Senior Span, Senior Spear, Senior Spur, Senior Stretch, TR 1B, TR-1 Dragon Lady, TR-1A Dragonlady, TR-1B, TR-X, TR1A, TR1B, U-2 (plane), U-2 Aquatone, U-2 Dragon Lady, U-2 Dragonlady, U-2 Senior Year, U-2 aircraft, U-2 spy plane, U-2 spyplane, U-2R, U-2R Dragon Lady, U-2R Dragonlady, U2 Aquatone, U2 Dragon Lady, U2 Dragonlady, U2 Senior Year, U2 reconnaissance aircraft, U2 spy plane.