114 relations: Allan Marquand, American National Standards Institute, Amplifier, Analytical Engine, AND gate, And-inverter graph, AND-OR-Invert, Arithmetic logic unit, Arthur Burks, Binary number, Bipolar junction transistor, Boolean algebra, Boolean function, British Standards, Bus (computing), Capacitance, Central processing unit, Charles Sanders Peirce, Chip carrier, Claude Shannon, Clock signal, CMOS, Coincidence circuit, Combinational logic, Computer data storage, De Morgan's laws, Digital electronics, Diode, Diode logic, Diode–transistor logic, DNA, DNA nanotechnology, Electronics, Espresso heuristic logic minimizer, European Committee for Standardization, Fan-out, Field-effect transistor, Field-programmable gate array, Flip-flop (electronics), Fluidics, Functional completeness, Gain (electronics), Gate array, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Hardware description language, Harvard Mark I, Henry M. Sheffer, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Integrated circuit, Inverter (logic gate), ..., Karnaugh map, Konrad Zuse, Lee de Forest, List of Boolean algebra topics, Logic family, Logical connective, Logical graph, Logical NOR, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Mathematics, MAYA-II, Microprocessor, Molecular logic gate, MOSFET, Multiplexer, NAND gate, NMOS logic, Nobel Prize, Nonlinear optics, NOR gate, Operational amplifier, Optical computing, Optics, OR gate, PMOS logic, Pneumatics, Printed circuit board, Processor register, Programmable logic controller, Programmable logic device, Propagation delay, Propositional calculus, Quantum computing, Quantum gate, Quantum mechanics, Race condition, RCA, Rectangle, Relay, Relay logic, Resistor–transistor logic, Reversible computing, Rise time, Sequential logic, Sheffer stroke, Sorteberg relay, Speed, Technology, Texas Instruments, Toffoli gate, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Transistor, Transistor–transistor logic, Truth table, Vacuum tube, Verilog, VHDL, Voltage, Walther Bothe, XNOR gate, XOR gate, Z1 (computer), 4000 series, 7400 series. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
Allan Marquand (1853–1924) was an art historian at Princeton University and a curator of the Princeton University Art Museum.
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The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.
An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that increases the power of a signal.
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The Analytical Engine was a proposed mechanical general-purpose computer designed by English mathematician and computer pioneer Charles Babbage.
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The AND gate is a basic digital logic gate that implements logical conjunction - it behaves according to the truth table to the right.
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An and-inverter graph (AIG) is a directed, acyclic graph that represents a structural implementation of the logical functionality of a circuit or network.
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AND-OR-Invert (AOI) logic and AOI gates are two-level compound (or complex) logic functions constructed from the combination of one or more AND gates followed by a NOR gate.
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An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise logical operations on integer binary numbers.
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Arthur Walter Burks (October 13, 1915 – May 14, 2008) was an American mathematician who worked in the 1940s as a senior engineer on the project that contributed to the design of the ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer.
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In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the binary numeral system, or base-2 numeral system, which represents numeric values using two different symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).
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In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is the branch of algebra in which the values of the variables are the truth values true and false, usually denoted 1 and 0 respectively.
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In mathematics and logic, a (finitary) Boolean function (or switching function) is a function of the form ƒ: Bk → B, where B.
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British Standards are the standards produced by BSI Group which is incorporated under a Royal Charter (and which is formally designated as the National Standards Body (NSB) for the UK).
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In computer architecture, a bus (related to the Latin "omnibus", meaning "for all") is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.
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Capacitance is the ability of a body to store an electrical charge.
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A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Charles Sanders Peirce (like "purse", September 10, 1839 – April 19, 1914) was an American philosopher, logician, mathematician, and scientist who is sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism".
In electronics, a chip carrier is one of several kinds of surface mount technology packages for integrated circuits.
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Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".
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In electronics and especially synchronous digital circuits, a clock signal is a particular type of signal that oscillates between a high and a low state and is utilized like a metronome to coordinate actions of digital circuits.
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Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
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In physics, a coincidence circuit is an electronic device with one output and two (or more) inputs.
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In digital circuit theory, combinational logic (sometimes also referred to as time-independent logic) is a type of digital logic which is implemented by Boolean circuits, where the output is a pure function of the present input only.
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Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media used to retain digital data.
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In propositional logic and boolean algebra, De Morgan's laws are a pair of transformation rules that are both valid rules of inference.
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Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that handle digital signals- discrete bands of analog levels, rather than by continuous ranges (as used in analogue electronics).
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In electronics, a diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance to the flow of current in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.
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Diode logic (DL), or diode-resistor logic (DRL), is the construction of Boolean logic gates from diodes.
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Diode–transistor logic (DTL) is a class of digital circuits that is the direct ancestor of transistor–transistor logic.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
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DNA nanotechnology is the design and manufacture of artificial nucleic acid structures for technological uses.
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Electronics is the science of how to control electric energy, energy in which the electrons have a fundamental role.
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The Espresso logic minimizer is a computer program using heuristic and specific algorithms for efficiently reducing the complexity of digital electronic gate circuits.
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN, Comité Européen de Normalisation) is a nonprofit standards organization whose mission is to foster the European economy in global trading, the welfare of European citizens and the environment by providing an efficient infrastructure to interested parties for the development, maintenance and distribution of coherent sets of standards and specifications.
In digital electronics, the fan-out of a logic gate output is the number of gate inputs it can feed or connect to.
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The field-effect transistor (FET) is a transistor that uses an electric field to control the shape and hence the electrical conductivity of a channel of one type of charge carrier in a semiconductor material.
A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".
In electronics, a flip-flop or latch is a circuit that has two stable states and can be used to store state information.
Fluidics, or fluidic logic, is the use of a fluid to perform analog or digital operations similar to those performed with electronics.
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In logic, a functionally complete set of logical connectives or Boolean operators is one which can be used to express all possible truth tables by combining members of the set into a Boolean expression.
In electronics, gain is a measure of the ability of a two port circuit (often an amplifier) to increase the power or amplitude of a signal from the input to the output port by adding energy converted from some power supply to the signal.
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A gate array or uncommitted logic array (ULA) is an approach to the design and manufacture of application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), using a prefabricated chip with active devices like NAND-gates, that are later interconnected according to a custom order by adding metal layers in the factory environment.
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Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (also Godefroi Guillaume Leibnitz,; or; July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher, and to this day he occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.
In electronics, a hardware description language (HDL) is a specialized computer language used to program the structure, design and operation of electronic circuits, and most commonly, digital logic circuits.
The IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), called Mark I by Harvard University’s staff, was a general purpose electro-mechanical computer that was used in the war effort during the last part of World War II.
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Henry Maurice Sheffer (1882 – 1964) was an American logician.
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The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small plate ("chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
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In digital logic, an inverter or NOT gate is a logic gate which implements logical negation.
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The Karnaugh map, also known as the K-map, is a method to simplify boolean algebra expressions.
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Konrad Zuse (22 June 1910 – 18 December 1995) was a German civil engineer, inventor and computer pioneer.
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Lee de Forest (August 26, 1873 – June 30, 1961) was an American inventor, self-described "Father of Radio", and a pioneer in the development of sound-on-film recording used for motion pictures.
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This is a list of topics around Boolean algebra and propositional logic.
In computer engineering, a logic family may refer to one of two related concepts.
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In logic, a logical connective (also called a logical operator) is a symbol or word used to connect two or more sentences (of either a formal or a natural language) in a grammatically valid way, such that the sense of the compound sentence produced depends only on the original sentences.
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A logical graph is a special type of diagramatic structure in any one of several systems of graphical syntax that Charles Sanders Peirce developed for logic.
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In boolean logic, logical nor or joint denial is a truth-functional operator which produces a result that is the negation of logical or.
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Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.
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Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, “knowledge, study, learning”) is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change.
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MAYA-II (Molecular Array of YES and ANDNOT logic gates) is a DNA computer, based on DNA Stem Loop Controllers, developed by scientists at Columbia University and the University of New Mexico and created in 2006.
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A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
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A molecular logic gate is a molecule that performs a logical operation based on one or more physical or chemical inputs and a single output.
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The metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of transistor used for amplifying or switching electronic signals.
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In electronics, a multiplexer (or mux) is a device that selects one of several analog or digital input signals and forwards the selected input into a single line.
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In digital electronics, a NAND gate (negative-AND) is a logic gate which produces an output which is false only if all its inputs are true; thus its output is complement to that of the AND gate.
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N-type metal-oxide-semiconductor logic uses n-type metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) to implement logic gates and other digital circuits.
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The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Norwegian: Nobelprisen) is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian committees in recognition of academic, cultural and/or scientific advances.
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Nonlinear optics (NLO) is the branch of optics that describes the behavior of light in nonlinear media, that is, media in which the dielectric polarization P responds nonlinearly to the electric field E of the light.
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The NOR gate is a digital logic gate that implements logical NOR - it behaves according to the truth table to the right.
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An operational amplifier ("op-amp") is a DC-coupled high-gain electronic voltage amplifier with a differential input and, usually, a single-ended output.
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Optical or photonic computing uses photons produced by lasers or diodes for computation.
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Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
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The OR gate is a digital logic gate that implements logical disjunction - it behaves according to the truth table to the right.
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P-type metal-oxide-semiconductor logic uses p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) to implement logic gates and other digital circuits.
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Pneumatics (Greek:which means "breath") is a branch of physics applied to technology that makes use of gas or pressurized air.
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A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate.
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In computer architecture, a processor register is a small amount of storage available as part of a digital processor, such as a central processing unit (CPU).
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A programmable logic controller, PLC, or programmable controller is a digital computer used for automation of typically industrial electromechanical processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines, amusement rides, or light fixtures.
A programmable logic device (PLD) is an electronic component used to build reconfigurable digital circuits.
Propagation delay is a technical term that can have a different meaning depending on the context.
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Propositional calculus (also called propositional logic, sentential calculus, or sentential logic) is the branch of mathematical logic concerned with the study of propositions (whether they are true or false) that are formed by other propositions with the use of logical connectives, and how their value depends on the truth value of their components.
Quantum computing studies theoretical computation systems (quantum computers) that make direct use of quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data.
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In quantum computing and specifically the quantum circuit model of computation, a quantum gate (or quantum logic gate) is a basic quantum circuit operating on a small number of qubits.
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Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, or quantum theory), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental branch of physics concerned with processes involving, for example, atoms and photons.
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A race condition or race hazard is the behavior of an electronic, software or other system where the output is dependent on the sequence or timing of other uncontrollable events.
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RCA Corporation, founded as the Radio Corporation of America, was an American electronics company in existence from 1919 to 1986.
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In Euclidean plane geometry, a rectangle is any quadrilateral with four right angles.
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A relay is an electrically operated switch.
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Relay logic is a method of controlling industrial electronic circuits by using relays and contacts.
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Resistor–transistor logic (RTL) is a class of digital circuits built using resistors as the input network and bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) as switching devices.
Reversible computing is a model of computing where the computational process to some extent is reversible, i.e., time-invertible.
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In electronics, when describing a voltage or current step function, rise time is the time taken by a signal to change from a specified low value to a specified high value.
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In digital circuit theory, sequential logic is a type of logic circuit whose output depends not only on the present value of its input signals but on the sequence of past inputs, the input history.
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In Boolean functions and propositional calculus, the Sheffer stroke, named after Henry M. Sheffer, written "|" (see vertical bar, not to be confused with "||" which is often used to represent disjunction), "Dpq", or "↑" (an upwards arrow), denotes a logical operation that is equivalent to the negation of the conjunction operation, expressed in ordinary language as "not both".
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The Sorteberg relay, or Sorteberg force bridge pneumatic relay is a form of analog pneumatic computer, calibrated to calculate a predefined function.
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In everyday use and in kinematics, the speed of an object is the magnitude of its velocity (the rate of change of its position); it is thus a scalar quantity.
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Technology (from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation.
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Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American electronics company that designs and makes semiconductors, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
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In logic circuits, the Toffoli gate (also CCNOT gate), invented by Tommaso Toffoli, is a universal reversible logic gate, which means that any reversible circuit can be constructed from Toffoli gates.
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The Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (Latin for "Logico-Philosophical Treatise") is the only book-length philosophical work published by the German-Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein in his lifetime.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify and switch electronic signals and electrical power.
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Transistor–transistor logic (TTL) is a class of digital circuits built from bipolar junction transistors (BJT) and resistors.
A truth table is a mathematical table used in logic—specifically in connection with Boolean algebra, boolean functions, and propositional calculus—to compute the functional values of logical expressions on each of their functional arguments, that is, on each combination of values taken by their logical variables (Enderton, 2001).
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In electronics, vacuum tube, electron tube, tube (in North America), or valve (in Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
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Verilog, standardized as IEEE 1364, is a hardware description language (HDL) used to model electronic systems.
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VHDL (VHSIC Hardware Description Language) is a hardware description language used in electronic design automation to describe digital and mixed-signal systems such as field-programmable gate arrays and integrated circuits.
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Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension (denoted or) is the difference in electric potential energy between two points per unit electric charge.
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Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe (8 January 1891 – 8 February 1957) was a German nuclear physicist, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954 with Max Born.
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The XNOR gate (sometimes spelled "exnor" or "enor" and rarely written NXOR) is a digital logic gate whose function is the logical complement of the exclusive OR (XOR) gate.
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The XOR gate (sometimes EOR gate, or EXOR gate and pronounced as Exclusive OR gate) is a digital logic gate that implements an exclusive or; that is, a true output (1/HIGH) results if one, and only one, of the inputs to the gate is true.
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The Z1 was a mechanical computer designed by Konrad Zuse from 1935 to 1936 and built by him from 1936 to 1938.
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The 4000 series is a family of industry-standard integrated circuits (IC) which implement a variety of logic functions using Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor (CMOS) technology, and are still in use today.
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The 7400 series of transistor–transistor logic (TTL) integrated circuits are the most popular family of TTL integrated circuit logic.
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