206 relations: Accenture, Advertising, Aid agency, Aircraft on ground, Airport, Alexander the Great, American Revolutionary War, Ancient history, Ancient Rome, Antoine-Henri Jomini, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Automated guided vehicle, Automated storage and retrieval system, Automatic identification and data capture, Automation, Automotive industry, Availability, Axis powers, Barcode, Beijing, Beijing Wuzi University, Bending, Benjamin S. Blanchard, Bill of lading, British people, Broker, Business, Business alliance, Cargo, Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport, Classes of supply, Collective buying power, Combined transport, Constraint (mathematics), Consumables, Consumer, Consumers' co-operative, Consumption (economics), Containerization, Contract, Control (management), Corporate spin-off, Courier, Cross-docking, Delivery (commerce), Depot, Direct store delivery, Discount store, Distribution center, Distribution resource planning, ..., Document automation, E-commerce, Economic efficiency, Economic order quantity, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Engineering, Enterprise resource planning, Facility location, Factory, Fire sprinkler, Flow network, Franchising, Freight claim, Freight forwarder, Freight transport, Goods, Greek language, Green logistics, Hannibal, Hanoi, Healthcare industry, Hierarchical storage management, Hypermarket, Implementation, Incoterms, Industry classification, Information, Institution, Integrated logistics support, Integrated Service Provider, Intermediary, Intermodal freight transport, International Chamber of Commerce, Inventory, Inventory control, Inventory management software, Inventory turnover, ISO 668, John Wiley & Sons, Joint venture, Journal of Business Logistics, Kühne Logistics University, Klaus-Michael Kühne, Linear trend estimation, Location, Lodging, Logistics automation, Logistics engineering, Logistics Officer, Logistics Performance Index, Maintainability, Management, Manufacturing, Market research, Material requirements planning, Materials management, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Military logistics, Military science, Military strategy, Mining, Montreal, Multimodal transport, New Oxford American Dictionary, Non-governmental organization, Operations management, Order fulfillment, Order picking, Order processing, Outsourcing, Oxford English Dictionary, Packaging and labeling, Pallet, Pallet racking, Palletizer, Peninsular War, Performance-based logistics, Physical inventory, Plan, Planning, Pollution, Port authority, Postgraduate education, Production (economics), Productive capacity, Professional, Professional association, Professional certification, Project, Project management, Punic Wars, Purchasing, Radio-frequency identification, Raw material, Regulation, Reliability engineering, Retail, Reverse logistics, Robot, Royal charter, Royal Logistic Corps Museum, Safety stock, Saint Petersburg, Sales, Sales territory, Security, Semantic change, Semi-trailer, Sequence, Service (economics), Shelf life, Simulation software, Site selection, Small business, Software, Spare part, Statistics, Stock keeping unit, Stock management, Subsidiary, Supermarket, Supply & Demand Chain Executive, Supply chain, Supply chain management, Surrey, Swap body, Synergy, Telecommunications industry, Theodore Ayrault Dodge, Think tank, Third-party logistics, Thoroughfare, Tilt tray sorter, Tokyo, Track and trace, Trade barrier, Transport, Undergraduate education, Unit load, United Kingdom, United States Armed Forces, United States Army, University, Urban freight distribution, Vehicle, Vendor, Vertex (graph theory), Volume, Warehouse, Warehouse control system, Warehouse management system, Weapon system, Weight, World War II, 19th century. Expand index (156 more) » « Shrink index
Accenture is a global management consulting and professional services firm that provides strategy, consulting, digital, technology and operations services.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
An aid agency is an organization dedicated to distributing aid.
Aircraft on Ground or AOG is a term in aviation maintenance indicating that a problem is serious enough to prevent an aircraft from flying.
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Antoine-Henri, Baron Jomini (6 March 177924 March 1869) was a Swiss officer who served as a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one of the most celebrated writers on the Napoleonic art of war.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
An automated guided vehicle or automatic guided vehicle (AGV) is a portable robot that follows markers or wires in the floor, or uses vision, magnets, or lasers for navigation.
An automated storage and retrieval system (ASRS or AS/RS) consists of a variety of computer-controlled systems for automatically placing and retrieving loads from defined storage locations.
Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) refers to the methods of automatically identifying objects, collecting data about them, and entering them directly into computer systems, without human involvement.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
In reliability theory and reliability engineering, the term availability has the following meanings.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Beijing Wuzi University is a higher education institution based in the capital of China, Beijing.
In applied mechanics, bending (also known as flexure) characterizes the behavior of a slender structural element subjected to an external load applied perpendicularly to a longitudinal axis of the element.
Benjamin S. Blanchard (born 1929) is an American systems engineer and Emeritus Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Virginia Tech, who was awarded the INCOSE Pioneer Award as "practitioner, teacher, and advocate of Systems Engineering." at sie.arizona.edu.
A bill of lading (sometimes abbreviated as B/L or BoL) is a document issued by a carrier (or their agent) to acknowledge receipt of cargo for shipment.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.
A broker is an individual person who arranges transactions between a buyer and a seller for a commission when the deal is executed.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
A business alliance is an agreement between businesses, usually motivated by cost reduction and improved service for the customer.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT) is a professional body representing the transport and logistics industries worldwide.
The United States Army divides supplies into ten classes of supply.
Collective buying power is a coming together of a group of consumers and the use of the old rule of thumb, there's power in numbers, to leverage the group size in exchange for discounts.
Combined transport is a form of intermodal transport, which is the movement of goods in one and the same loading unit or road vehicle, using successively two or more modes of transport without handling the goods themselves in changing modes.
In mathematics, a constraint is a condition of an optimization problem that the solution must satisfy.
Consumables (also known as consumable goods, nondurable goods, or soft goods) are goods that are intended to be consumed.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
Consumers' co-operatives are enterprises owned by consumers and managed democratically which aim at fulfilling the needs and aspirations of their members.
Consumption is the process in which consumers (customers or buyers) purchase items on the market.
Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).
A contract is a promise or set of promises that are legally enforceable and, if violated, allow the injured party access to legal remedies.
Control, or controlling, is one of the managerial functions like planning, organizing, staffing and directing.
A corporate spin-off, also known as a spin-out, or starburst, is a type of corporate action where a company "splits off" a section as a separate business.
A courier is a company that delivers messages, packages, and mail.
Cross-docking is a practice in logistics of unloading materials from an incoming semi-trailer truck or railroad car and loading these materials directly into outbound trucks, trailers, or rail cars, with little or no storage in between.
Delivery is the process of transporting goods from a source location to a predefined destination.
Depot is from the French dépôt which means a deposit (as in geology or banking) or a storehouse.
Direct store delivery (DSD) is a key method of selling and distributing products for a large variety of industries, such as food, beverage, home personal care products, and wholesale and distribution, oil & gas, service industries to name industries beyond consumer products.
A discount store or discount shop is a retail shop which sells products at prices that are lower than the typical market price.
A distribution center for a set of products is a warehouse or other specialized building, often with refrigeration or air conditioning, which is stocked with products (goods) to be redistributed to retailers, to wholesalers, or directly to consumers.
Distribution resource planning (DRP) is a method used in business administration for planning orders within a supply chain.
Document automation (also known as document assembly) is the design of systems and workflows that assist in the creation of electronic documents.
E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.
Economic efficiency is, roughly speaking, a situation in which nothing can be improved without something else being hurt.
In inventory management, economic order quantity (EOQ) is the order quantity that minimizes the total holding costs and ordering costs.
Effectiveness is the capability of producing a desired result or the ability to produce desired output.
Efficiency is the (often measurable) ability to avoid wasting materials, energy, efforts, money, and time in doing something or in producing a desired result.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is the integrated management of core business processes, often in real-time and mediated by software and technology.
Facility location is a name given to several different problems in computer science and in game theory.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
A fire sprinkler or sprinkler head is the component of a fire sprinkler system that discharges water when the effects of a fire have been detected, such as when a predetermined temperature has been exceeded.
In graph theory, a flow network (also known as a transportation network) is a directed graph where each edge has a capacity and each edge receives a flow.
Franchising is based on a marketing concept which can be adopted by an organisation as a strategy for business expansion.
A freight claim or cargo claim is a legal demand by a shipper or consignee against a carrier in respect of damage to a shipment, or loss thereof.
A freight forwarder, forwarder, or forwarding agent, also known as a non-vessel operating common carrier (NVOCC), is a person or company that organizes shipments for individuals or corporations to get goods from the manufacturer or producer to a market, customer or final point of distribution.
Freight transport is the physical process of transporting commodities and merchandise goods and cargo.
In economics, goods are materials that satisfy human wants and provide utility, for example, to a consumer making a purchase of a satisfying product.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Green logistics describes all attempts to measure and minimize the ecological impact of logistics activities.
Hannibal Barca (𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 𐤁𐤓𐤒 ḥnb‘l brq; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC) was a Carthaginian general, considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
The healthcare industry (also called the medical industry or health economy) is the range of companies and non-profit organizations that provide medical services, manufacture medical equipment, and develop pharmaceuticals.
Hierarchical storage management (HSM) is a data storage technique that automatically moves data between high-cost and low-cost storage media.
In commerce, a hypermarket is a superstore combining a supermarket and a department store.
Implementation is the realization of an application, or execution of a plan, idea, model, design, specification, standard, algorithm, or policy.
The Incoterms or International Commercial Terms are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) relating to international commercial law.
Industry classification or industry taxonomy is a type of economic taxonomy that organizes companies into industrial groupings based on similar production processes, similar products, or similar behavior in financial markets.
Information is any entity or form that provides the answer to a question of some kind or resolves uncertainty.
Institutions are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior".
Integrated logistics support (ILS) is an integrated and iterative process for developing materiel and a support strategy that optimizes functional support, leverages existing resources, and guides the system engineering process to quantify and lower life cycle cost and decrease the logistics footprint (demand for logistics), making the system easier to support.
An Integrated Service Provider (ISP) is a for-hire firm that performs a variety of logistics service activities such as warehousing, transportation, and other functional activities that constitute a total service package.
An intermediary (or go-between) is a third party that offers intermediation services between two parties.
Intermodal freight transport involves the transportation of freight in an intermodal container or vehicle, using multiple modes of transportation (e.g., rail, ship, and truck), without any handling of the freight itself when changing modes.
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC; French: Chambre de commerce internationale) is the largest, most representative business organization in the world.
Inventory (American English) or stock (British English) is the goods and materials that a business holds for the ultimate goal of resale (or repair).
Inventory control or stock control can be broadly defined as "the activity of checking a shop’s stock." However, a more focused definition takes into account the more science-based, methodical practice of not only verifying a business' inventory but also focusing on the many related facets of inventory management (such as forecasting future demand) "within an organisation to meet the demand placed upon that business economically." Other facets of inventory control include supply chain management, production control, financial flexibility, and customer satisfaction.
Inventory management software is a software system for tracking inventory levels, orders, sales and deliveries.
In accounting, the Inventory turnover is a measure of the number of times inventory is sold or used in a time period such as a year.
ISO 668 - Series 1 freight containers — Classification, dimensions and ratings is an ISO international standard which classifies intermodal freight shipping containers and standardises their size and weight specifications.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
A joint venture (JV) is a business entity created by two or more parties, generally characterized by shared ownership, shared returns and risks, and shared governance.
The Journal of Business Logistics is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals, covering research and best practices in logistics and supply chain management.
Kuehne Logistics University – Wissenschaftliche Hochschule für Logistik und Unternehmensführung (KLU) is a private, state-recognized college (Hochschule) based in Hamburg, Germany.
Klaus-Michael Kühne (born 2 June 1937) is honorary chairman and majority owner (53.30%) of the international transport company Kühne + Nagel, co-founded by his grandfather, August Kühne (1855-1932).
Trend estimation is a statistical technique to aid interpretation of data.
The terms location and place in geography are used to identify a point or an area on the Earth's surface or elsewhere.
Lodging or a holiday accommodation is a type of residential accommodation.
Logistics automation is the application of computer software and/or automated machinery to improve the efficiency of logistics operations.
Logistics engineering is a field of engineering dedicated to the scientific organization of the purchase, transport, storage, distribution, and warehousing of materials and finished goods.
A Logistics Officer is a member of the Coast Guard or an Armed Force responsible for overseeing the support of an Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, Navy or Coast Guard fleet, both at home and abroad.
The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) is an interactive benchmarking tool created by the World Bank to help countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their performance on trade logistics and what they can do to improve their performance.
In engineering, maintainability is the ease with which a product can be maintained in order to.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Market research (also in some contexts known as industrial research) is any organized effort to gather information about target markets or customers.
Material requirements planning (MRP) is a production planning, scheduling, and inventory control system used to manage manufacturing processes.
Materials management can deal with campus planning and building design for the movement of materials, or with logistics that deal with the tangible components of a supply chain.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Military logistics is the discipline of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces.
Military science is the study of military processes, institutions, and behavior, along with the study of warfare, and the theory and application of organized coercive force.
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Multimodal transport (also known as combined transport) is the transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means of transport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport (by rail, sea and road, for example).
The New Oxford university American Dictionary (NOAD) is a single-volume dictionary of American English compiled by American editors at the Oxford University Press.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
Operations management is an area of management concerned with designing and controlling the process of production and redesigning business operations in the production of goods or services.
Order fulfillment (in British English order fulfilment) is in the most general sense the complete process from point of sales inquiry to delivery of a product to the customer.
The order picking or order preparation operation is one of a logistic warehouse's processes.
Order processing is the process or work-flow associated with the picking, packing and delivery of the packed items to a shipping carrier.
In business, outsourcing is an agreement in which one company contracts its own internal activity to a different company.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.
A pallet, sometimes inaccurately called a skid (a skid has no bottom deck boards), is a flat transport structure that supports goods in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift, pallet jack, front loader, work saver, or other jacking device, or a crane.
Pallet rack is a material handling storage aid system designed to store materials on pallets (or “skids”).
A palletizer or palletiser is a machine which provides automatic means for stacking cases of goods or products onto a pallet.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
Performance-based logistics (PBL), also known as performance-based life-cycle product support or performance-based contracting, is a strategy for cost-effective weapon system support.
Physical inventory is a process where a business physically counts its entire inventory.
A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with details of timing and resources, used to achieve an objective to do something.
Planning is the process of thinking about the activities required to achieve a desired goal.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
In Canada and the United States, port authority (less commonly a port district) is a governmental or quasi-governmental public authority for a special-purpose district usually formed by a legislative body (or bodies) to operate ports and other transportation infrastructure.
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
Production is a process of combining various material inputs and immaterial inputs (plans, know-how) in order to make something for consumption (the output).
Productive capacity is the maximum possible output of an economy.
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity.
A professional association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public interest.
Professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation, often called simply certification or qualification, is a designation earned by a person to assure qualification to perform a job or task.
Contemporary business and science treat as a project any undertaking, carried out individually or collaboratively and possibly involving research or design, that is carefully planned (usually by a project team) to achieve a particular aim.
Project management is the practice of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of a team to achieve specific goals and meet specific success criteria at the specified time.
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC.
Purchasing refers to a business or organization attempting to acquire goods or services to accomplish its goals.
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.
A raw material, also known as a feedstock or most correctly unprocessed material, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials which are feedstock for future finished products.
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.
Reliability engineering is a sub-discipline of systems engineering that emphasizes dependability in the lifecycle management of a product.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
Reverse logistics is for all operations related to the reuse of products and materials.
A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.
The Royal Logistic Corps Museum is based at the Princess Royal Barracks near Camberley in Surrey.
Safety stock is a term used by logisticians to describe a level of extra stock that is maintained to mitigate risk of stockouts (shortfall in raw material or packaging) caused by uncertainties in supply and demand.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Sales is activity related to selling or the amount of goods or services sold in a given time period.
A sales territory is the customer group or geographical area for which an individual salesperson or a sales team holds responsibility.
Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) from external forces.
Semantic change (also semantic shift, semantic progression, semantic development, or semantic drift) is the evolution of word usage—usually to the point that the modern meaning is radically different from the original usage.
A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle.
In mathematics, a sequence is an enumerated collection of objects in which repetitions are allowed.
In economics, a service is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer.
Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale.
Simulation software is based on the process of modeling a real phenomenon with a set of mathematical formulas.
Site selection indicates the practice of new facility location, both for business and government.
Small businesses are privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that have fewer employees and/or less annual revenue than a regular-sized business or corporation.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
A spare part, spare, service part, repair part, or replacement part, is an interchangeable part that is kept in an inventory and used for the repair or replacement of failed units.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
In the field of inventory management, a stock keeping unit (SKU) is a distinct type of item for sale, such as a product or service, and all attributes associated with the item type that distinguish it from other item types.
Stock management is the function of understanding the stock mix of a company and the different demands on that stock.
A subsidiary, subsidiary company or daughter company"daughter company.
A supermarket is a self-service shop offering a wide variety of food and household products, organized into aisles.
Supply & Demand Chain Executive is a business technology magazine for supply chain executives at manufacturing and non-manufacturing companies and organizations, as well as public sector agencies, covering solutions and services for improving supply chain operations and efficiencies.
A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.
In commerce, supply chain management (SCM), the management of the flow of goods and services, involves the movement and storage of raw materials, of work-in-process inventory, and of finished goods from point of origin to point of consumption.
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
A swap body (or swop body) is one of the standard freight containers for road and rail transport.
Synergy is the creation of a whole that is greater than the simple sum of its parts.
The telecommunications industry within the sector of information and communication technology is made up of all Telecommunications/telephone companies and internet service providers and plays the crucial role in the evolution of mobile communications and the information society.
Theodore Ayrault Dodge (May 28, 1842 – October 26, 1909) was an American officer, military historian, and businessman.
A think tank, think factory or policy institute is a research institute/center and organisation that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.
Third-party logistics (abbreviated 3PL, or sometimes TPL) in logistics and supply chain management is a company's use of third-party businesses to outsource elements of the company's distribution and fulfillment services.
A thoroughfare is a road connecting one location to another.
A tilt-tray sorter is a continuous-loop sortation conveyor that uses a technique of tilting a tray at a chute to slide the object into the chute.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
In distribution and logistics of many types of products, track and trace or tracking and tracing, concerns a process of determining the current and past locations (and other information) of a unique item or property.
Trade barriers are government-induced restrictions on international trade.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
Undergraduate education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education.
A unit load combines individual items or items in shipping containers into single "units" that can be moved easily with a pallet jack or forklift truck.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
Urban freight distribution is the system and process by which goods are collected, transported, and distributed within urban environments.
A vehicle (from vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo.
In a supply chain, a vendor, or a seller, is an enterprise that contributes goods or services.
In mathematics, and more specifically in graph theory, a vertex (plural vertices) or node is the fundamental unit of which graphs are formed: an undirected graph consists of a set of vertices and a set of edges (unordered pairs of vertices), while a directed graph consists of a set of vertices and a set of arcs (ordered pairs of vertices).
Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.
A warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods.
A warehouse control system (WCS) is a software application that directs the real-time activities within warehouses and distribution centers (DC).
A warehouse management system (WMS) is a software application, designed to support and optimize warehouse or distribution center management.
Legend for Numeric Designations CL: Lockheed D: Douglas NA: North American WS (Weapon System) Weapon System is a United States military term that designated, along with a weapon system number (e.g., WS-110), military experimental (MX) weapons prior to official naming (e.g., under a military aircraft designation system. Preceded by the first Skunk Works program (MX-813 for the Convair XF-92 in 1946), the earliest "WS" designation was the 1954 WS-117L. Circa February 1950, an Air Research and Development Command "study prepared by Maj Gen Gordon P. Saville... recommended that a 'systems approach' to new weapons be adopted development of a weapon "system" required development of support equipment as well as the actual hardware itself." The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger in November 1949 was decided by the USAF to be built around a fire-control system--"the real beginning of the weapon system approach aircraft would be integrated into the weapon system "as a whole from the beginning, so the characteristics of each component were compatible with the others.". US weapon programs often were initiated by numbered government specifications such as an Advanced Development Objective (e.g., ADO-40) or a General Operational Requirement (e.g., GOR.80), although some programs were initially identified by contractor numbers (e.g., CL-282).
In science and engineering, the weight of an object is related to the amount of force acting on the object, either due to gravity or to a reaction force that holds it in place.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, 1801, and ended on December 31, 1900.
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