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Lorient

Index Lorient

Lorient is a town (French "commune") and seaport in the Morbihan "department" of Brittany in North-Western France. [1]

231 relations: Académie française, Acadia, Admiral, Aerial bomb, Air-sea rescue, Airborne early warning and control, Airship, Allies of World War II, American Revolutionary War, André Breton, Arrondissement of Lorient, Association football, Asturias, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic pockets, Australia, Éric Tabarly, České Budějovice, Barracks, Battle of the Atlantic, Befehlshaber der U-Boote, Belle Île, Blavet, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Brittany, Canning, Canton of Lorient-1, Canton of Lorient-2, Carhaix-Plouguer, Caudan, Celts (modern), Charles Alexandre de Calonne, Chartered company, Chief of Staff of the French Navy, China, Christian Gourcuff, Classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles, Cochinchina, Commandos Marine, Commune, Communes of France, Communes of the Morbihan department, Confrérie Notre-Dame, Consul (representative), Controller-General of Finances, Cornwall, Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 (France), Czech Republic, Dam, Defence minister, ..., Denizli, Departments of France, Digital terrestrial television, Dimension stone, Dry dock, Economic bubble, Ernest Hello, Estuary, Exploration, FC Lorient, Festival Interceltique de Lorient, Fishing trawler, François Joseph Bouvet, France, France national football team, Franck Cammas, Franco-Dutch War, French Academy of Sciences, French Armed Forces, French battleship Napoléon, French East India Company, French ironclad Couronne, French ironclad Gloire, French ironclad Redoutable, French Naval Aviation, French Navy, French Resistance, French Revolution, French submarine Gymnote (Q1), Frigate, Galicia (Spain), Gallo-Roman culture, Galway, Gare de Lorient, Gasworks, Gâvres, Georges Eo, German military administration in occupied France during World War II, German submarine U-505, Germany, Grand admiral, Groix, Guidel, Hennebont, Henri Dupuy de Lôme, Incendiary device, India, Irène Frain, Ireland, Ironclad warship, Isle of Man, Jacques Andrieux, Jacques Gabriel, Jacques Stosskopf, Jacques Vaché, Jérémy Morel, Jean-Baptiste Chaigneau, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Marquis de Seignelay, Jean-Baptiste-François Bompart, Jean-Yves Le Drian, John Law (economist), Jules Simon, July Monarchy, Karl Dönitz, Köppen climate classification, Kerguelen Islands, Keroman Submarine Base, Lanester, Larmor-Plage, Latvia, Lazaretto, Le Havre, Legion of Honour, Ligue 1, Ligue 2, List of Prime Ministers of France, Livre tournois, Locmiquélic, Locomotive, Lorient Agglomération, Lorient South Brittany Airport, Louis XIV of France, Louis XV of France, Ludwigshafen, Marie Dorval, Marie-Léontine Bordes-Pène, Marina, Maritime patrol, Maritime Prefect, Megalith, Merlucciidae, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Mexico, Mississippi Company, Morbihan, Nantes, Napoleonic Wars, National Assembly (France), Naval architecture, Naval base, Naval Group, Nazi Germany, Nicole Marthe Le Douarin, Oceanic climate, Olympique de Marseille, Order of Liberation, Ordonnance, Paris, Pascal Bidégorry, Philosopher, Physiocracy, Pierre Fatou, Pierre-François Forissier, Pierre-Paul Guieysse, Ploemeur, Popular Republican Movement, Port, Port of Kergroise, Port-Louis, Morbihan, Prefectures in France, Privateer, Quéven, Quimper, Raid on Lorient, Raymond Rallier du Baty, Rennes, Roadstead, Roman roads, Ronan Le Crom, Saint-Malo, Samantha Davies (sailor), Sardine, Scorff, Scotland, Secondary education in France, Secondary school, Secretary of State of the Navy (France), Senator for life, Ship class, Shipbuilding, Shipyard, Sister city, Slipway, Soldat Louis, Solitaire du Figaro, Spain, Special Boat Service, Special forces, Squadron (aviation), Stade du Moustoir, Stade Rennais F.C., Steam engine, Strategic bombing during World War II, Submarine, Subprefectures in France, Surrealism, Thatching, Toluca, Triangular trade, Turkey, U-boat, United Kingdom, United States, United States Army, United States Navy SEALs, University of Southern Brittany, Urban area, Vannes, Ventspils, Vice admiral, Vigo, Viktor Lazlo, Wales, Warship, Wharf, Ya d'ar brezhoneg, Yoann Gourcuff, 10th U-boat Flotilla, 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race, 2nd U-boat Flotilla. Expand index (181 more) »

Académie française

The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.

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Acadia

Acadia (Acadie) was a colony of New France in northeastern North America that included parts of eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and modern-day Maine to the Kennebec River.

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Admiral

Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.

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Aerial bomb

An aerial bomb is a type of explosive or incendiary weapon intended to travel through the air on a predictable trajectory, usually designed to be dropped from an aircraft.

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Air-sea rescue

Air-sea rescue (ASR or A/SR, also known as sea-air rescue) is the coordinated search and rescue (SAR) of the survivors of emergency water landings as well as people who have survived the loss of their seagoing vessel.

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Airborne early warning and control

An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.

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Airship

An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

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André Breton

André Breton (18 February 1896 – 28 September 1966) was a French writer, poet, and anti-fascist.

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Arrondissement of Lorient

The arrondissement of Lorient is an arrondissement of France in the Morbihan department in the Brittany region.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Asturias

Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Atlantic pockets

In World War II, the Atlantic pockets were important points along the coasts of the Netherlands, Belgium and France chosen as centres of resistance by the occupying German forces, to be defended as long as possible against land attack by the Allies.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Éric Tabarly

Éric Marcel Guy Tabarly (24 July 1931 – 12 June 1998) was a French Navy officer and yachtsman.

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České Budějovice

České Budějovice (Budweis or Böhmisch Budweis, Budovicium) is a statutory city in the Czech Republic.

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Barracks

A barrack or barracks is a building or group of buildings built to house soldiers.

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Battle of the Atlantic

The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.

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Befehlshaber der U-Boote

The Befehlshaber der Unterseeboote (BdU) was the supreme commander of the Kriegsmarines U-boat Arm (Ubootwaffe) during World War II.

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Belle Île

Belle-Île, Belle-Île-en-Mer, or Belle Isle (ar Gerveur in Modern Breton; Guedel in Old Breton) is a French island off the coast of Brittany in the département of Morbihan, and the largest of Brittany's islands.

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Blavet

The Blavet river flows from central Brittany and enters the Atlantic Ocean on the south coast near Lorient.

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Boulogne-sur-Mer

Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.

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Canning

Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container.

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Canton of Lorient-1

The canton of Lorient-1 is an administrative division of the Morbihan department, northwestern France.

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Canton of Lorient-2

The canton of Lorient-2 is an administrative division of the Morbihan department, northwestern France.

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Carhaix-Plouguer

Carhaix-Plouguer (Karaez-Plougêr) is a commune in the Finistère department in northwestern France.

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Caudan

Caudan (Kaodan in Breton) is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.

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Celts (modern)

The modern Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'') are a related group of ethnicities who share similar Celtic languages, cultures and artistic histories, and who live in or descend from one of the regions on the western extremities of Europe populated by the Celts.

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Charles Alexandre de Calonne

Charles Alexandre de Calonne (20 January 173430 October 1802), titled Count of Hannonville in 1759, was a French statesman, best known for his involvement in the French Revolution.

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Chartered company

A chartered company is an association formed by investors or shareholders for the purpose of trade, exploration, and colonization.

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Chief of Staff of the French Navy

The Chief of the Staff of the French Navy (Chef d'État-Major de la Marine, CEMM) is the head of the French Navy and is responsible to the Minister of Defence in relation to preparation and deployment.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Christian Gourcuff

Christian Gourcuff (born 5 April 1955) is a French football manager and former player.

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Classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles

The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE) (English: Higher School Preparatory Classes), commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are part of the French post-secondary education system.

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Cochinchina

Cochinchina (Nam Kỳ; ''Kausangsin''.; Cochinchine) is a region encompassing the southern third of current Vietnam whose principal city is Saigon or Prey Nokor in Khmer.

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Commandos Marine

The Commandos Marine are the Special Operation Forces (SOF) of the French Navy.

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Commune

A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets.

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Communes of France

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.

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Communes of the Morbihan department

The following is a list of the 253 communes of the Morbihan department of France.

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Confrérie Notre-Dame

The Confrérie Notre-Dame (CND), later called the CND-Castille, was a French resistance group founded by Colonel Rémy.

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Consul (representative)

A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.

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Controller-General of Finances

The Controller-General or Comptroller-General of Finances (Contrôleur général des finances) was the name of the minister in charge of finances in France from 1661 to 1791.

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Cornwall

Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

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Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 (France)

The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Dam

A dam is a barrier that stops or restricts the flow of water or underground streams.

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Defence minister

The title Defence Minister, Minister for Defence, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defence, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.

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Denizli

Denizli is an industrial city in the southwestern part of Turkey and the eastern end of the alluvial valley formed by the river Büyük Menderes, where the plain reaches an elevation of about.

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Departments of France

In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.

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Digital terrestrial television

Digital terrestrial television (DTTV or DTT) is a technology for broadcast television in which land-based (terrestrial) television stations broadcast television content by radio waves to televisions in consumers' residences in a digital format.

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Dimension stone

Dimension stone is natural stone or rock that has been selected and finished (i.e., trimmed, cut, drilled, ground, or other) to specific sizes or shapes.

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Dry dock

A dry dock (sometimes dry-dock or drydock) is a narrow basin or vessel that can be flooded to allow a load to be floated in, then drained to allow that load to come to rest on a dry platform.

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Economic bubble

An economic bubble or asset bubble (sometimes also referred to as a speculative bubble, a market bubble, a price bubble, a financial bubble, a speculative mania, or a balloon) is trade in an asset at a price or price range that strongly exceeds the asset's intrinsic value.

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Ernest Hello

Ernest Hello (4 November 1828 – 14 July 1885) was a French Roman Catholic writer, who produced books and articles on philosophy, theology, and literature.

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Estuary

An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.

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Exploration

Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources.

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FC Lorient

Football Club Lorient-Bretagne Sud (commonly referred to FC Lorient or simply Lorient) is a French association football club based in Lorient, Brittany.

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Festival Interceltique de Lorient

The Festival Interceltique de Lorient (French), Gouelioù Etrekeltiek An Oriant (Breton) or Inter-Celtic Festival of Lorient in English, is an annual Celtic festival, located in the city of Lorient, Brittany, France.

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Fishing trawler

A fishing trawler is a commercial fishing vessel designed to operate fishing trawls.

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François Joseph Bouvet

François Joseph Bouvet (23 April 1753 – 21 July 1832) was a French admiral.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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France national football team

The France national football team (Équipe de France de football) represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in Fédération française de football.

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Franck Cammas

Franck Cammas (born 22 December 1972 in Aix-en-Provence) is a French yachtsman.

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Franco-Dutch War

The Franco-Dutch War (1672–78), often simply called the Dutch War (Guerre de Hollande; Hollandse Oorlog), was a war fought by France, Sweden, Münster, Cologne and England against the Dutch Republic, which was later joined by the Austrian Habsburg lands, Brandenburg-Prussia and Spain to form a Quadruple Alliance.

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French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

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French Armed Forces

The French Armed Forces (Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the National Guard and the Gendarmerie of the French Republic.

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French battleship Napoléon

Napoléon was a 90-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, and the first purpose-built steam battleship in the world.

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French East India Company

The French East India Company (Compagnie française pour le commerce des Indes orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the English (later British) and Dutch East India companies in the East Indies. Planned by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, it was chartered by King Louis XIV for the purpose of trading in the Eastern Hemisphere. It resulted from the fusion of three earlier companies, the 1660 Compagnie de Chine, the Compagnie d'Orient and Compagnie de Madagascar. The first Director General for the Company was François de la Faye, who was adjoined by two Directors belonging to the two most successful trading organizations at that time: François Caron, who had spent 30 years working for the Dutch East India Company, including more than 20 years in Japan, and Marcara Avanchintz, a trader from Isfahan, Persia.

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French ironclad Couronne

The French ironclad Couronne ("Crown") was the first iron-hulled ironclad warship built for the French Navy in 1859–62.

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French ironclad Gloire

The French ironclad Gloire ("Glory") was the first ocean-going ironclad, launched during 1859.

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French ironclad Redoutable

Redoutable was a central battery and barbette ship of the French Navy.

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French Naval Aviation

French Naval Aviation (often abbreviated in French to: « l'Aéronavale », or « Aviation navale » or more simply « l'Aéro ») is the naval air arm of the French Navy.

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French Navy

The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.

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French Resistance

The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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French submarine Gymnote (Q1)

Gymnote was one of the world's first all-electric submarine and the first functional submarine equipped with torpedoes.

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Frigate

A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.

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Galicia (Spain)

Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.

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Gallo-Roman culture

The term "Gallo-Roman" describes the Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire.

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Galway

Galway (Gaillimh) is a city in the West of Ireland, in the province of Connacht.

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Gare de Lorient

Lorient is a railway station in Lorient, Brittany, France.

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Gasworks

A gasworks or gas house is an industrial plant for the production of flammable gas.

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Gâvres

Gâvres is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.

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Georges Eo

Georges Eo (born 7 November 1948 in Lorient) is a French football manager and former midfielder.

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German military administration in occupied France during World War II

The Military Administration in France (Militärverwaltung in Frankreich; Occupation de la France par l'Allemagne) was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France.

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German submarine U-505

U-505 is a German Type IXC U-boat built for Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Grand admiral

Grand admiral is a historic naval rank, the highest rank in the several European navies that used it.

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Groix

Groix (Île de Groix, Enez Groe) is an island and a commune in the Morbihan department of the region of Brittany in north-western France.

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Guidel

Guidel is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.

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Hennebont

Hennebont is a commune in the Morbihan department in the region of Brittany in north-western France.

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Henri Dupuy de Lôme

Stanislas Charles Henri Dupuy de Lôme (15 October 18161 February 1885) was a French naval architect.

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Incendiary device

Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Irène Frain

Irène Frain (née Le Pohon; 22 May 1950, Lorient, Morbihan) is a French novelist, journalist, and historian.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Ironclad warship

An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Jacques Andrieux

Jacques Andrieux (15 August 1917 – 21 January 2005) was a French fighter ace of the Second World War credited with 6 aerial victories.

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Jacques Gabriel

Jacques Gabriel (1667–1742) was a French architect, the father of the famous Ange-Jacques Gabriel.

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Jacques Stosskopf

Jacques Stosskopf (27 November 1898 – 1 September 1944) held the post of deputy director of naval construction at the German-held Lorient U-boat arsenal, but was a member of the French Resistance and war hero killed by the Nazis.

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Jacques Vaché

Jacques Vaché Jacques Vaché (7 September 1895 – 6 January 1919) was a friend of André Breton, the founder of surrealism.

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Jérémy Morel

Jérémy Morel (born 2 April 1984) is a French professional footballer who currently plays as a left-back for Ligue 1 side Lyon.

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Jean-Baptiste Chaigneau

Jean-Baptiste Chaigneau (1769–1832) was a French Navy sailor and an adventurer who played an important role in Vietnam in the 19th century.

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Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Jean-Baptiste Colbert (29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV.

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Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Marquis de Seignelay

Jean-Baptiste Antoine Colbert, Marquis de Seignelay (1 November 1651 – 3 November 1690) was a French politician.

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Jean-Baptiste-François Bompart

Jean-Baptiste-François Bompart (Lorient, 1757 — Bagnols, 1842) was a French privateer, navy officer and admiral.

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Jean-Yves Le Drian

Jean-Yves Le Drian (born 30 June 1947) is a French politician of the Socialist Party serving as Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs since 2017.

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John Law (economist)

John Law (baptised 21 April 1671 – 21 March 1729) was a Scottish economist who believed that money was only a means of exchange that did not constitute wealth in itself and that national wealth depended on trade.

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Jules Simon

Jules François Simon (31 December 1814 – 8 June 1896) was a French statesman and philosopher, and one of the leaders of the Moderate Republicans in the Third French Republic.

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July Monarchy

The July Monarchy (Monarchie de Juillet) was a liberal constitutional monarchy in France under Louis Philippe I, starting with the July Revolution of 1830 and ending with the Revolution of 1848.

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Karl Dönitz

Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz (sometimes spelled Doenitz;; 16 September 1891 24 December 1980) was a German admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kerguelen Islands

The Kerguelen Islands (or; in French commonly Îles Kerguelen but officially Archipel des Kerguelen), also known as the Desolation Islands (Îles de la Désolation in French), are a group of islands in the southern Indian Ocean constituting one of the two exposed parts of the mostly submerged Kerguelen Plateau.

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Keroman Submarine Base

Keroman Submarine Base was a German U-boat base located in Lorient during World War II.

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Lanester

Lanester is a commune in the Morbihan department in Brittany, in north-western France.

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Larmor-Plage

Larmor-Plage is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.

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Latvia

Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Lazaretto

A lazaretto or lazaret (from lazzaretto) is a quarantine station for maritime travellers.

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Le Havre

Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.

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Legion of Honour

The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.

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Ligue 1

Ligue 1, also called Ligue 1 Conforama for sponsorship reasons with Conforama, is a French professional league for men's association football clubs.

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Ligue 2

Ligue 2, also known as Domino's Ligue 2 due to sponsorship by Domino's Pizza, is a French professional football league.

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List of Prime Ministers of France

The Prime Minister of France is the head of the Government of France.

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Livre tournois

The livre tournois (Tours pound) was.

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Locmiquélic

Locmiquélic is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.

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Locomotive

A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.

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Lorient Agglomération

Communauté d'agglomération Lorient Agglomération is the communauté d'agglomération, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Lorient.

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Lorient South Brittany Airport

Lorient South Brittany Airport or Aéroport de Lorient Bretagne Sud, also known as Lorient-Lann-Bihoué Airport, is the airport serving the city of Lorient.

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Louis XIV of France

Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.

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Louis XV of France

Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774.

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Ludwigshafen

Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Rhine opposite Mannheim.

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Marie Dorval

Marie Dorval (6 January 1798, Lorient, Morbihan – 20 May 1849) was a French actress.

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Marie-Léontine Bordes-Pène

Marie-Léontine Bordes-Pène (Léontine-Marie Pène) was a notable French pianist, who premiered major works by César Franck, Vincent d'Indy and others.

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Marina

A marina (from Spanish, Portuguese and Italian: marina, "coast" or "shore") is a dock or basin with moorings and supplies for yachts and small boats.

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Maritime patrol

Maritime patrol is the task of monitoring areas of water.

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Maritime Prefect

The Préfet Maritime is a servant of the French State who exercises authority over the sea in one particular region (a Préfecture maritime).

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Megalith

A megalith is a large stone that has been used to construct a structure or monument, either alone or together with other stones.

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Merlucciidae

Merlucciidae are a family of cod-like fish, including most hakes.

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Metropolitan Borough of Wirral

The Metropolitan Borough of Wirral is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, in North West England.

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Mexico

Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Mississippi Company

The Mississippi Company (Compagnie du Mississippi; founded 1684, named the Company of the West from 1717, and the Company of the Indies from 1719) was a corporation holding a business monopoly in French colonies in North America and the West Indies.

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Morbihan

Morbihan (Mor-Bihan) is a department in Brittany, situated in the northwest of France.

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Nantes

Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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National Assembly (France)

The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat).

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Naval architecture

Naval architecture, or naval engineering, along with automotive engineering and aerospace engineering, is an engineering discipline branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the engineering design process, shipbuilding, maintenance, and operation of marine vessels and structures.

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Naval base

A naval base, navy base, or military port is a military base, where warships and naval ships are docked when they have no mission at sea or want to restock.

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Naval Group

Naval Group is a French industrial group specialised in naval defence and marine renewable energy.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Nicole Marthe Le Douarin

Nicole Marthe Le Douarin FMedSci (born 20 August 1930, Lorient, France) is a developmental biologist, famed for her studies of chimeras, which have led to critical insights regarding higher animal nervous and immune systems.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Olympique de Marseille

Olympique de Marseille, also known as l'OM or simply Marseille, is a French football club in Marseille.

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Order of Liberation

The Order of Liberation ("Ordre de la Libération") is a French Order which was awarded to heroes of the Liberation of France during World War II.

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Ordonnance

In French politics, an ordonnance ("order") is a statutory instrument issued by the Council of Ministers in an area of law normally reserved for primary legislation enacted by the French Parliament.

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Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Pascal Bidégorry

Pascal Bidegorry (born 15 January 1968, in Bayonne) is a French sailor.

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Philosopher

A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.

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Physiocracy

Physiocracy (from the Greek for "government of nature") is an economic theory developed by a group of 18th century Enlightenment French economists who believed that the wealth of nations was derived solely from the value of "land agriculture" or "land development" and that agricultural products should be highly priced.

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Pierre Fatou

Pierre Joseph Louis Fatou (28 February 1878 – 09 August 1929) was a French mathematician and astronomer.

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Pierre-François Forissier

Pierre-François Forissier (born 29 December 1951, Lorient) is a notable French Admiral Submariner and former Chief of Staff of the French Navy, a post which he took up, on February 4, 2008 and left on September 12, 2011.

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Pierre-Paul Guieysse

Pierre-Paul Guieysse, (May 11, 1841 – May 19, 1914) was a French Socialist politician.

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Ploemeur

Ploemeur (Plañvour in Breton), sometimes written instead as Plœmeur, is a commune in the Morbihan department in the region of Brittany in north-western France.

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Popular Republican Movement

The Popular Republican Movement (Mouvement Républicain Populaire, MRP) was a Christian democratic political party in France during the Fourth Republic.

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Port

A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.

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Port of Kergroise

The Port of Kergroise is a commercial port located in the district of Kergroise, Lorient, on the south coast of Brittany, France.

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Port-Louis, Morbihan

Port-Louis is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.

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Prefectures in France

A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.

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Privateer

A privateer is a private person or ship that engages in maritime warfare under a commission of war.

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Quéven

Quéven is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.

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Quimper

Quimper (Breton: Kemper, Latin: Civitas Aquilonia or Corisopitum) is a commune and capital of the Finistère department of Brittany in northwestern France.

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Raid on Lorient

The Raid on Lorient was a British amphibious operation in the region around the town of Lorient from 29 September to 10 October 1746 during the War of the Austrian Succession.

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Raymond Rallier du Baty

Raymond Rallier du Baty (30 August 1881 – 7 May 1978) was a French sailor and explorer, from Lorient in Brittany, who carried out surveys of the subantarctic Kerguelen Islands in the southern Indian Ocean in the early 20th century.

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Rennes

Rennes (Roazhon,; Gallo: Resnn) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.

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Roadstead

A roadstead (or roads - the earlier form) is a body of water sheltered from rip currents, spring tides or ocean swell where ships can lie reasonably safely at anchor without dragging or snatching.

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Roman roads

Roman roads (Latin: viae Romanae; singular: via Romana meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

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Ronan Le Crom

Ronan Le Crom (born 13 July 1974) is a retired French professional football goalkeeper.

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Saint-Malo

Saint-Malo (Gallo: Saent-Malô) is a historic French port in Brittany on the Channel coast.

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Samantha Davies (sailor)

Samantha Davies (born 23 August 1974 in Portsmouth) is an English yachtswoman.

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Sardine

"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.

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Scorff

The Scorff River flows from central Brittany and enters the Atlantic Ocean on the south coast in Lorient.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Secondary education in France

In France, secondary education is in two stages.

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Secondary school

A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place.

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Secretary of State of the Navy (France)

The Secretary of State of the Navy was one of the four or five specialized secretaries of state in France during the Ancien Régime.

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Senator for life

A senator for life is a member of the senate or equivalent upper chamber of a legislature who has life tenure.

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Ship class

A ship class is a group of ships of a similar design.

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Shipbuilding

Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.

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Shipyard

A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Slipway

A slipway, also known as boat ramp or launch or ‘’’boat deployer’’’, is a ramp on the shore by which ships or boats can be moved to and from the water.

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Soldat Louis

Soldat Louis are a French rock group originally from Lorient, who mix the traditional music of Brittany with typical rock music instruments - electric and acoustic guitar, drum kit, etc.

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Solitaire du Figaro

The Solitaire du Figaro, previously called the Course de l'Aurore, is a solo multi-stage sailing race created in 1970 by Jean-Louis Guillemard and Jean-Michel Barrault.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Special Boat Service

The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the special forces unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.

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Special forces

Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.

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Squadron (aviation)

A squadron in air force, army aviation, or naval aviation is a unit comprising a number of military aircraft and their aircrews, usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights, depending on aircraft type and air force.

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Stade du Moustoir

Stade du Moustoir is a multi-use stadium in Lorient, France.

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Stade Rennais F.C.

Stade Rennais Football Club, commonly referred to as Stade Rennais, SRFC or simply Rennes, is a French association football club based in Rennes.

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Steam engine

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.

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Strategic bombing during World War II

Strategic bombing during World War II was the sustained aerial attack on railways, harbours, cities, workers' housing, and industrial districts in enemy territory during World War II.

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Submarine

A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.

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Subprefectures in France

In France, a subprefecture (sous-préfecture) is the administrative center of a departmental arrondissement that does not contain the prefecture for its department.

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Surrealism

Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.

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Thatching

Thatching is the craft of building a roof with dry vegetation such as straw, water reed, sedge (Cladium mariscus), rushes, heather, or palm fronds, layering the vegetation so as to shed water away from the inner roof.

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Toluca

Toluca, officially called Toluca de Lerdo, is the state capital of the State of Mexico as well as the seat of the Municipality of Toluca.

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Triangular trade

Triangular trade or triangle trade is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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U-boat

U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Navy SEALs

The United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land Teams, commonly abbreviated as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's primary special operations force and a component of the Naval Special Warfare Command.

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University of Southern Brittany

The University of Southern Brittany (Université de Bretagne Sud) is a French university, in the Academy of Rennes.

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Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

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Vannes

Vannes is a commune in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France.

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Ventspils

Ventspils (see other names) is a town in northwestern Latvia in the historical Courland region of Latvia, and is the sixth largest city in the country.

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Vice admiral

Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal.

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Vigo

Vigo is a city and municipality in the province of Pontevedra, in Galicia, northwest Spain on the Atlantic Ocean.

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Viktor Lazlo

Viktor Lazlo (real name: Sonia Dronier, born 7 October 1960 in Lorient, France) is a French-Belgian singer of Grenadian and Martiniquan descent.

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Wales

Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Warship

A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.

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Wharf

A wharf, quay (also), staith or staithe is a structure on the shore of a harbor or on the bank of a river or canal where ships may dock to load and unload cargo or passengers.

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Ya d'ar brezhoneg

Ya d'ar brezhoneg (Oui au breton, Yes to Breton) is a campaign started in the 21st century by the Ofis ar Brezhoneg ("Office of the Breton language") to promote and stimulate the use of the Breton language in daily life in Brittany, northwestern France.

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Yoann Gourcuff

Yoann Miguel Gourcuff (or; born 11 July 1986) is a French professional footballer who plays for Ligue 1 club Rennes.

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10th U-boat Flotilla

The 10th U-boat Flotilla (German 10. Unterseebootsflottille) was a German U-boat flotilla used for front-line combat purposes during World War II.

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2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race

The 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race was the 11th edition of the round-the-world Volvo Ocean Race, yacht race which started with an in-port race in Alicante, Spain on 29 October 2011 with six Volvo Open 70 yachts at the start line and ended with an in-port race in Galway, Ireland on 7 July 2012.

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2nd U-boat Flotilla

The 2nd U-boat Flotilla (German 2. Unterseebootsflottille), also known as the Saltzwedel Flotilla, was the second operational U-boat unit in Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.

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Redirects here:

An Oriant, L'Orient, L'Orient, France, Lorient, France, Port Orient.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorient

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